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Best Business Opportunities in Rajasthan- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

 

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is one of the world's most naturally endowed lands. India is home to numerous minerals which benefit the country economically. The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

RESOURCES:

Rajasthan is a mineral rich state and blessed with 79 varieties of minerals, of which 58 are being commercially exploited. State has virtual monopoly in the production of major minerals like Wollastonite, Lead-Zinc, Calcite, Gypsum, Rock phosphate, Ochre, Silver and minor minerals like Marble, Sandstone and Serpentine (Green Marble) etc., which contribute almost 90% to 100% of national production.

              There are abundant reserves of Lignite (4986 million tonnes), Crude oil (480 million tonnes), Heavy oil (14.60 million tonnes), Bitumen (33.20 million tonnes), Lean gas (11790 million cubic meters) and High quality gas (3000 million cubic meters) further adds to its mineral strength. The State contributes significantly in the national production of Lead and Zinc (100%) and Copper (47.76%).

There are large copper mines at Khetri and zinc mines at Dariba. Makrana near Jodhpur is site where white marble is mined. Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals limited (RSMML) is one of the significant Government undertaking of Rajasthan that is involved in the mining and marketing of non metallic minerals such as Limestone, Rock Phosphate, Lignite and Gypsum.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

NATIONAL MINERAL POLICY, 2008

Keeping in view the long term national goals and perspective for exploitation of minerals, Government of India has revised its earlier National Mineral Policy, 1993 and came up with a new National Mineral Policy 2008. Basic goals of NMP 2008 are-

1.       Regional and detailed exploration using state of the art techniques in time bound manner.

2.       Zero waste mining

For achieving the above goals, important changes envisaged are:

•        Creation of improved regulatory environment to make it more conducive to investment and technology flows

•        Transparency in allocation of concessions

•        Preference for value addition

•        Development of proper inventory of resources and reserves

•        Enforcement of mining plans for adoption of proper mining methods and   optimum utilization of minerals 

•        Data filing requirements will be rigorously monitored

•        Old disused mining sites will be used for plantation or for other useful purposes.

•        Mining infrastructure will be upgraded through PPP initiatives

•        State PSU involved in mining sector will be modernized

•        State Directorate will be strengthened to enable it to regulate   mining in a proper way and to check illegal mining

•        There will be arms length distance between State agencies that mine  and those that regulate

•        Use of machinery and equipment which improve the efficiency,

•        Productivity and economics of mining operation, safety and health of workers and others will be encouraged.

 

Automotives: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

 

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the sixth largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units in 2010. As of 2010, India is home to 40 million passenger vehicles. More than 3.7 million automotive vehicles were produced in India in 2010 (an increase of 33.9%), making the country the second fastest growing automobile market in the world.

 

RESOURCES:

The Automobile sector has seen a rapid growth in recent past, it has made Rajasthan the major Auto Production hub of the country. Due to close proximity to a major auto production, Alwar, Bhiwadi and Jaipur districts runs nearly 100 units. In Bhiwadi, a special Auto & Engineering Zone has also been developed in the Pathredi Industrial Area and another special zone is being planned. To address availability of trained manpower, particularly for Shop-floor Operations, a Tool Room & Training Centre is being planned over 10 acres here.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Auto Policy has spelt out the direction of growth for the auto sector in India and addresses most concerns of the automobile sector, including-

•        Promotion of R&D in the automotive sector to ensure continuous technology upgradation, building better designing capacities to remain competitive.

•        Impetus to Alternative Fuel Vehicles through appropriate long term fiscal structure to facilitate their acceptance.

•        Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies and availability of appropriate auto fuels and

•        encouragement to construction of safer bus/truck bodies - subjecting unorganised sector also to 16% excise duty on body building activity as in case of OEMs

 

Cement: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

PROFILE:

The cement industry presents one of the most energy-intensive sectors within the Indian economy and is therefore of particular interest in the context of both local and global environmental discussions. Increases in productivity through the adoption of more efficient and cleaner technologies in the manufacturing sector will be effective in merging economic, environmental, and social development objectives.

RESOURCES:

Rajasthan is the largest producer of cement in India. With a capacity of over 13 million tons per annum, Rajasthan accounts for over 15% of India’s cement production. The cement industry in Rajasthan is witnessing significant growth in recent years. Fresh capacity aggregating over 10 MMTPA is under various stages of implementation. With the domestic demand for cement expected to grow at 8-9 per cent annually.

The key strength of Rajasthan cement industry is the presence of large limestone reserves, estimated to be over 2.5 billion tones. MS grade limestone of Jaisalmer district is supplied to various steel plants of the country.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government of India has set ambitious plans to increase the production of cement in the country, and to attain the target the government has made huge investments in the sector. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls under the central Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is the agency that is responsible for the development of the cement industry in the country. The agency is actively involved in keeping track of the performance of cement companies in the country and provides assistance and suitable incentives when required by the company. The department is also involved in framing and administering the industrial policy for foreign direct investments in the sector. Apart from formulating policies, the department also promotes the industry to attract new foreign investments in the sector.

 

 

Livestock: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

PROFILE:

Livestock sector plays a critical role in the welfare of India's rural population. It contributes nine percent to Gross Domestic Product and employs eight percent of the labour force. This sector is emerging as an important growth leverage of the Indian economy. As a component of agricultural sector, its share in gross domestic product has been rising gradually, while that of crop sector has been on the decline. In recent years, livestock output has grown at a rate of about 5 percent a year, higher than the growth in agricultural sector.

 

RESOURCES:

Animal Husbandry is a major economic activity of the rural peoples, especially in the arid and semi-arid regions of the Rajasthan. Development of livestock sector has a significant beneficial impact in generating employment and reducing poverty in rural areas. Livestock contributes a large portion of draft power for agriculture, with approximately half the cattle population and 25 percent of the buffalo population being used for cultivation. 

About 10% of G.D.P of the State is contributed by Livestock sector alone. This sector has great potential for rural self-employment at the lowest possible investment per unit. Therefore, livestock development is a critical pathway to rural prosperity.

As per the livestock census 2007, there are 579.00 lacs livestock (which include Cattle, buffalo, Sheep, Goat, Pig, Camel, Horse and donkey) and more than 50.12 lacs poultry in the State.  Rajasthan has about 7% of country’s cattle population and contributes over 10% of total milk production, 30% of mutton and 40% wool produced in the country.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Rajasthan livestock policy has a pro-poor, pro-women and pro-youth focus for attaining enhanced growth to generate more house hold income, increased production and induction of new technologies to meet future demands of livestock products. The Policy envisages strengthening of the animal husbandry sector in order to enhance production, productivity, livelihood of the poor and self-reliance  of underprivileged sections of the rural society through sustainable development of the sector. The vision encompasses:

•        Holistic growth of livestock sector in terms of production, product processing, marketing, quality & services, so that income and employment opportunities from livestock are enhanced with resultant food and nutritional security of the large masses;

•        The dairy sector aims to procure and market 50 lac kg of milk per day by the year 2020.

•        Conservation and improvement of the indigenous germ plasm of livestock and poultry in order to protect bio-diversity of the State and make their holdings sustainable;

•        Modernization of the sector through technological, institutional and policy interventions with due consideration to the social, cultural and traditional ethos;

•        Empowerment of Eastern Social Welfare Society (ESWS) families, especially women, by improving their household income through improved animal husbandry.

 

Agriculture: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

 

PROFILE

Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy is one of the most significant part of India. Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. About 65% of Indian population depends directly on agriculture and it accounts for around 22% of GDP. Agriculture derives its importance from the fact that it has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. The agriculture sector of India has occupied almost 43 percent of India's geographical area. Agriculture is still the only largest contributor to India's GDP even after a decline in the same in the agriculture share of India

 

RESOURCES

The Economy of the state of Rajasthan mainly depends on the agricultural sector for it accounts for almost 22.5% of the state's economy. In the state of Rajasthan, the total area that has been cultivated is around 20 million hectares and 20% of the area out of this is irrigated.

Rajasthan is India's largest producer of oilseeds (rapeseed & mustard), seed spices (coriander, cumin and fenugreek) and coarse cereals. The State is major producer of soybean, food grains, gram, groundnut and pulses. Rajasthan's vibrant agriculture sector offers various opportunities for the successful establishment of vibrant and potentially profitable agro-processing units.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In India, agricultural trade policy is a part of a larger food and agriculture policy regime that seeks to maintain food self-sufficiency while providing income support to the agricultural sector and poor consumers. The Government of India (GOI) uses a variety of policy instruments in attempting to achieve these goals, including:

•        Domestic subsidies to inputs, outputs, transportation, storage, and consumption to reduce producer costs and consumer prices.

•        Border measures such as subsidies, tariffs, quotas, and non-tariff measures to protect domestic producers from import competition, manage domestic price levels, and guarantee domestic supply.

The National Policy on Agriculture seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation. Over the next two decades, it aims to attain:

•        A growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector;

•        Growth that is based on efficient use of resources and conserves our soil, water and bio-diversity;

•        Growth with equity, i.e., growth which is widespread across regions and farmers;

•        Growth that is demand driven and caters to domestic markets and maximises benefits from exports of agricultural products in the face of the challenges arising from economic liberalization and globalisation;

•        Growth that is sustainable technologically, environmentally and economically.

The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally non-degrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources - land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

 

RESOURCES:

Textile is an important industry for Rajasthan, representing over 20 per cent of the investment made in the state. Rajasthan contributes over 7.5 per cent of Indian production of cotton and blended yarn (235,000 tons in 2002-03) and over 5 per cent of fabrics (60 million sq meters).

There is major availability of cotton and wool which contributes to Rajasthan’s textile industry. Production of cotton in Rajasthan has, however, declined from over 1.4 million bales in 1996- 97 (approx. 10 per cent of Indian production) to 0.7 million bales 2003-04. Wool production in Rajasthan has grown from 16 million kg in 1992-93 to around 20 million kg, currently representing over 40 per cent of Indian wool production.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Rajasthan is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India, for both domestic & international tourists. Rajasthan attracts tourist for its historical forts, palaces, art and culture. Every third foreign tourist visiting India also travel to Rajasthan as it is part of the Golden Triangle for tourists visiting India. Rajasthan Economy also depends to a very large extends on the tourism sector which accounts for almost 15% of the state's economy. The tourism sector in the state of Rajasthan has been flourishing due to the fact that the state is endowed with great natural beauty and has many palaces and forts all over the state that attracts tourists from India as well as abroad. This sector has given a major boost to the Economy in the state of Rajasthan.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Rajasthan

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

Sikar is located in the North Eastern part of Rajasthan. The present population of the Town is approximately 2, 29 lakh. The quantity of solid waste generated in the town at present is 103 MT per day. The wastes generated from different sources are thrown on the roads or road sides by the generators. Only about 60-70% waste are collected by the urban local body (ULB). The ULB, in charge of solid waste collection, transportation and disposal, performs its duties in an unplanned and unscientific manner, consequently, the road sides are cluttered with wastes and since there is no identified place for treatment and disposal of wastes, the untreated wastes are disposed at any convenient place. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Manufacturing of Propylene Oxide. Investment Opportunities in Chemical Industry.

Manufacturing of Propylene Oxide. Investment Opportunities in Chemical Industry. Propylene oxide is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3CHCH2O. This colorless volatile liquid with an odor resembling ether, is produced on a large scale industrially. Its major application is its use for the production of polyether polyols for use in making polyurethane plastics. Propylene oxide liquid and vapor are extremely flammable. Vapors may travel long distances and are heavier than air. Vapor may cause flash fire or explosion. Aqueous mixtures with propylene oxide concentrations as low as 0.75% may be flammable. Propylene oxide is used in agriculture as an insecticidal fumigant and sterilant, to control bacteria contamination, moulds contamination, insect infestations, and microbial spoilage of food products as well as to control insects in non-food products. Propylene oxide is also a commercially important industrial chemical finding application as an intermediate for a wide array of products. Propylene Oxide is a synthetic, highly-flammable, volatile, colorless liquid that is soluble in water and miscible with many organic solvents. Propylene oxide is used primarily as a chemical intermediate in the production of polyether’s and propylene glycol. It is also used as a pesticide and a fumigant for the sterilization of packaged foods and plastic medical instruments. Acute inhalation exposure to vapors of this compound can result in respiratory tract irritation, coughing, difficulty in breathing (dyspnea) and buildup of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) that can possibly lead to pneumonia. Inhale high concentrations of the vapors for short time periods may cause headache, motor weakness, The purpose of this bulletin is to disseminate recent information on the potential carcinogenicity of propylene oxide. The chronic effects of this chemical in animals have produced evidence that cancer is associated with exposure to propylene oxide. This bulletin describes of those animal, presents the known human health effects of propylene oxide, and suggests guidelines for minimizing occupational exposures. Propylene oxide at room temperature is a volatile, colorless, highly flammable liquid with a sweet, ether-like odor. The odor threshold for propylene oxide vapor is reported to be 200 parts of propylene oxide per million parts of air (200 ppm) in humans. Uses ? Polyols used for the polyurethane foam (PUF) for the coatings, adhesives and sealants furniture, refrigerator, automotive industries, ? Propylene glycol ethers for the use as solvents in resins, cleaners, waxes paints, inks, and coatings ? Propylene glycols, even for the production of unsaturated polyester resins transportation, automotive, marine industries, and, construction ? Propylene glycols used as solvents in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, food ? Propylene glycols is also used in aircraft de-icers and engine coolants ? Butanediol and its related products used for resins and solvents. ? Most propylene oxide is used as an intermediate in the production of polyether polyols for polyurethane foams, and in the production of propylene glycol for unsaturated polyester resins. ? Minor quantities are used for sterilizing medical equipment and for fumigating foodstuffs ? The major use of propylene oxide is in the production of polyether’s (the primary component of polyurethane foams) and propylene glycol. ? Propylene oxide is also used in the fumigation of foodstuffs and plastic medical instruments and in the manufacture of propylene glycol and glycol ethers, as herbicides, as solvents, and in the preparation of lubricants, surfactants, and oil demulsifies Technology Propylene oxide is traditionally made by chlorohydrin and epoxidation routes, but newer technologies based on hydrogen peroxide or cumene hydro peroxide have been commercialized. A significant amount of propylene oxide capacity is still based on the older chlorohydrin process. The plants using this route are often integrated with chlor-akali plants which consume a large amount of power in making chlorine and caustic soda. Consequently, extensive effluent treatment is needed to handle the waste stream. Another process that had once gained in popularity was the propylene oxide /styrene monomer (propylene oxide /SM) route. The disadvantage here, though, is the potential coproduction of 2.25 tonnes of styrene for every tonne of propylene oxide, which can present difficulties in balancing the markets for propylene oxide and styrene. This can lead to volatility over time in performing the operations economically. Capital costs can also be relatively high in the propylene oxide /SM route. A number of propylene oxide /SM plants have been built by companies such as Spain's Repsol, Ellba (Shell/BASF) and Netherlands-based LyondellBasell. New propylene oxide technologies without co-products have now been developed and commercialized, including a cumene hydro peroxidation technology. In addition, a number of companies have developed technologies to make propylene oxide from propylene and hydrogen peroxide a process known as HPPO. Market Outlook Global propylene oxide market is expected to show significant growth of increasing polyurethanes’ demand in various segments including packaging, automotive, footwear, furniture, and construction. Rising use of polyurethanes in sealants, thermal insulators, and flooring materials will drive industry growth over the next seven years. Rising infrastructure spending in China, Malaysia, Singapore, Brazil, India, UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar is expected to drive demand over the forecast period. In addition, growing automotive sector in various countries including in China, Mexico, the U.S., and India is expected to increase market. Propylene glycol is widely deployed as a construction chemical for use in paints, grouts, adhesives, waterproofing materials, and coatings, in both infrastructure and the construction industry. A wide-ranging number of propylene glycol applications are anticipated to be an important driver of the propylene oxide market in the days ahead. Another industry that is witnessing a resurgence in recent times is the automotive industry. This should directly benefit the propylene oxide market as the products are utilized in a number of components such as flexible foams, paints, adhesives, and sealants. Thus, it can be said that the propylene oxide market is intrinsically linked to the automotive industry. Propylene is used to produce flexible foams for bedding, furniture, carpet underlay, bedding and seat cushioning in automotive while polyurethanes are used to produce rigid foams for thermal insulation in packaging & commercial refrigeration and construction industry. Toxic nature of propylene oxide, development of alternatives of oxide, negative effects of the product in the environment, and the high price of raw materials will hinder the growth of the market. Propylene oxide finds its application in tub-shower, gasoline tanks, and boat hulls. Rise in the consumption of products that include polyalkylene glycols, propylene glycols, and propylene glycol ethers will propel market expansion. High consumption in lubricants, defoamers, greases, oil-field chemicals, latex paints, wetting agents, and water scavengers will increase the revenue generated by the market. Europe was the largest in terms of Propylene Oxide consumption. However, it is anticipated that it would lose it market share due to the economic crisis and increasing environmental regulations and safety. The propylene oxide market is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 5.9% during of 2019-2024. The increasing infrastructure spending in emerging economies, like China, India, and Brazil is likely to provide opportunities. The increasing use of propylene derivative, polyurethane, in the construction industry, has widely helped the propylene oxide market to have a strong hold in the construction and infrastructure segments. Propylene oxide (CH3CHCH2O) is a colorless volatile liquid. It is an organic compound used in the production of polyether polyols, which in turn is used in the production of polyurethane plastics. Propylene oxide can be produced by hydrochorination or oxidation. Propylene oxide has various applications in automotive and construction industries. Flexible foams, paints, sealants, coolants, car seats brakes, and hydraulic fuels are components which propylene oxide in the automotive industry Also, it is used as a chemical for paints, waterproofing, coatings, adhesives, grouts, and materials. However, availability of substitutes for propylene oxide are restraining growth of the market. In the Middle East & Africa region, growing hotel construction, and public infrastructure have been driving the construction industry in the region. Besides, the residential construction is also strong in North America, due to high housing demand due to growing population demand for homes, and trend of nuclear families, which is further projected to drive the demand for propylene oxide market. Whereas, Europe has been witnessing healthy recovery of construction activities, which is expected to further increase the demand for propylene oxide in the years to come. Hence, all such trends in the global construction industry are expected to positively influence the demand for propylene oxide. Propylene oxide (PO) is a key intermediate in the chemical industry. For instance, PO is mainly used to produce polyether polyols (65%), as well as propene glycol (30%) and propene glycol ethers (4%) (The second and third largest applications, respectively) which are mainly applied to manufacture commercial products such as adhesives, solvents, and foams. The annual worldwide production of PO amounted to 8.06 million tons and will likely go beyond 9.56 million tons and this market is annually growing. Northeast Asia is forecast to remain the major source of new propylene oxide requirements. The Indian Subcontinent will benefit from an even faster demand growth rate, albeit from a much smaller base. Northeast Asia will continue to add capacity at a sustained rate: North America, Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent and Western Europe are also expected to increase their capacity base, but to a much lesser extent. Overall, capacity additions are projected to be greater than consumption growth. Despite some environmental concerns in some countries (the United States, Canada, Japan), MTBE has continued to be an attractive gasoline blend stock as the global demand for octane has increased because of the growth of smaller engines and the low complexity of Chinese refineries. Nevertheless, a recent change in Chinese gasoline policy is expected to alter the MTBE market in the medium term; the country is now aiming to develop an E-10 gasoline, comprising 10% ethanol—thus requiring less MTBE. The number of new PO/TBA plants is therefore expected to gradually slow down over the next five years. There are three main routes to commercial production of propylene oxide—chlorohydrin, peroxidation (PO/SM, PO/TBA), and hydro peroxidation (HPPO and HPCU) processes. While the recent hydro peroxidation processes have gained significant momentum over the past decade, the traditional routes (chlorohydrin, peroxidation) still dominate globally. The majority of new PO production units are now designed to minimize or even avoid coproduct generation, as the marketing of coproducts has presented its own set of challenges for producers. More specifically, styrene markets had been in oversupply for quite some time, leading to limited investment into new PO/SM facilities; PO/SM investments are nevertheless now resuming as the styrene market has recovered following a decade of industry restructuring and asset rationalization. Propylene oxide belongs to the epoxide family of products, and is used principally in the manufacture of polyether polyols, propylene glycols, glycol ethers, and polyalkylene glycols. Overall, propylene oxide consumption is broadly tied to the general economy and has been increasingly linked to emerging countries (China, in particular), where improvements in living standards are driving an increasing use of a wide range of polymers and chemicals. Propylene oxide capacity has increased at an average rate of 3% per year, driven mainly by new developments in Asia. Meanwhile, Propylene oxide consumption has grown at a stronger pace (4.2% per year on average) leading to a tightening of markets and rising average operating rates across the propylene oxide industry. The industry-wide utilization rate was estimated at 93%, up from the 88% recorded five years ago. Key Players ? BASF, ? The Dow Chemical, ? Huntsman International, ? Royal Dutch Shell, ? INEOS, Balchem, ? SKC, ? Sumitomo Chemical, ? Repsol, ? LyondellBasell Industries, ? SABIC, ? Tokuyama Tags #propyleneoxide #Propylene #PropyleneOxide #toxic #polymerindustry #plasticindustry #entrepreneurship #PolymerIndustry #DetailedProjectReport #BusinessPlan #marketresearchreport #ProjectReportForBankLoan #PreFeasibilityandFeasibilityStudy #feasibilityreport #Business #businessfeasibilityreport #businessconsulting #MarketReseach #chemicalindustry #chemicalbusiness #ChemicalBusiness #industrial #BusinessHub #supportsmallbusiness #opportunities #Chemicals #FutureofChemcialIndustry #processindustry #indianchemicalindustry #chemicalindustry #chemicalbusiness #chemicalmarket #chemicalproducts #Fertilisers #electrochemistry #marketresearch Technology Profile: Propylene Oxide Production, Manufacturers of propylene oxide, Project Report on Propylene Oxide – Manufacturing, Technology Profile: Propylene Oxide Production, Propylene Oxide Manufacture Technology, Environmentally friendly way to produce propylene oxide, Feasibility Report, Project Report, Technology Book on Propylene Oxide, Business Ideas, Startup Project, Project Consultancy on Propylene Oxide, Niir Project Consultancy Services, Project Profile, Small Scale Industry, manufacturing business, technology on Propylene Oxide, Consultancy Services, Consultant for Propylene Oxide, Feasibility Report on Propylene Oxide, Production of Propylene Oxide, project cost, Investment Opportunities of Propylene Oxide, Industry Trends, Project Reports and Technology Books on Propylene Oxide, Industry, Market Detailed Analysis Report, Profitable business on Propylene Oxide, Process technology books, Business consultancy, Business consultant, Project identification and selection, Startup Project for Propylene Oxide, Startup ideas, Project for, startups, Startup project plan, Business start-up, Business Plan for a Startup Business, Great Opportunity for Startup, Small Start-up Business Project, Start-up Business Plan for Propylene Oxide, Setting up and opening your Propylene Oxide Business, Feasibility Reports List, Detailed Project Reports List, Project Reports, Business Ideas, Technology Book, Manufacturing , Business, Market Research Report, Techno-Economic Feasibility Study, Feasibility Report, Project Report & Profile, Project Consultancy, Project Opportunities, Technology Books, Consultancy for Propylene Oxide,
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Manufacturing of Pig Iron. Investment Opportunity in Steel and Iron Sector.

Manufacturing of Pig Iron. Investment Opportunity in Steel and Iron Sector. Pig iron is the product of smelting iron ore (also ilmenite) with a high-carbon fuel and reductant such as coke, usually with limestone as a flux. Charcoal and anthracite are also used as fuel and reductant. Pig iron is produced by smelting or iron ore in blast furnaces or by smelting ilmenite in electric furnaces. Pig iron is an intermediate product of the iron industry also known as crude iron, which is obtained by smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. When the metal had cooled and hardened the smaller ingots (the pigs) were simply broken from the runner (the sow) hence the name pig iron. Pig iron types are used to dilute all the elements in ductile iron which is a harmful process. Pig iron contains low residual, lower nitrogen steel, has a consistent chemistry, promote slag conditions and improve process control. There are three types of merchant pig iron, which are as follows: Basic pig iron this is used in electric arc furnace for the purpose of steel making. Foundry pig iron this type of pig iron is also known as hematite pig iron and is used in cupola furnaces for grey iron castings. Pig iron is used for making steel and pure iron units. It has very high carbon content along with silica and another constituent of dross. Pig iron made from smelting iron indulges with the high amount of carbon for further processing steps. Market Outlook Pig iron prices in India's domestic market have crashed to Rs 21,000 ($460) per tonne from around Rs 31,000 per tonne a month ago. The growth in the Indian steel sector has been driven by domestic availability of raw materials such as iron ore and cost-effective labour. Consequently, the steel sector has been a major contributor to India’s manufacturing output. The Indian iron industry is very modern with state-of-the-art steel mills. It has always strived for continuous modernization and up-gradation of older plants and higher energy efficiency levels. Indian steel industries are classified into three categories such as major producers, main producers and secondary producers. Global iron & steel market is expected to witness rapid growth owing to strong demand from construction and transportation sector. Rapid industrialization and urbanization, particularly in the emerging regions such as Asia Pacific and Central & South America are expected to drive the overall iron & steel market. Growing demand from the building and construction industry owing to rapid infrastructure initiatives undertaken by governments especially in the emerging regions is projected to aid in industry growth. Building & construction industry is the dominant end-use industry for this market followed by automotive & transportation. Emerging economies such as Brazil, China, Russia, and India have witnessed rapid automotive demand owing to factors such as rising disposable income, rapid urbanization, and increase in population. This trend is presumed to continue, and thus, assist the regional market in the near future. Environmental concerns regarding excessive mining have resulted in several regulations being implemented to curb mining. Emerging economies such as China, which is the largest consumer of steel, has witnessed government regulations mandating steel companies to limit its production in a bid to reduce mining. Such regulatory framework is anticipated to hamper the regional as well as global market. China has witness brisk demand growth in the recent past. This growth has encouraged several industry participants to increase their production capacity in a bid to meet the demand. However such rapid growth in production capacities has resulted in chronic overcapacity which has driven down prices. Any impact in the Chinese market cascades across the global market as China is the largest consumer and producer of steel. The 'Global and Chinese Pig iron Industry 2013-2023 Market. Steel is crucial to the development of any modern economy and is considered to be the backbone of human civilization. The level of per capita consumption of steel is treated as an important index of the level of socio-economic development and living standards of the people in any country. Steel is a product of a large and technologically complex industry having strong forward and backward linkages and all major industrial economies have been largely shaped by the strength of their steel industries. India’s economic growth is dependent on the growth of the Indian steel Industry. Steel continues to have a stronghold in traditional sectors such as construction, Housing and Roads, special steels are increasingly being used in engineering industries such as power generation, petrochemicals and fertilizers. India occupies a central position on the global steel map, with state-of-the-art steel mills, acquisition of global scale capacities by players, continuous modernization and up gradation of older plants, improving energy efficiency and backward integration with global raw material sources. Key Players ? Bridon International Ltd., ? ArcelorMittal S.A., ? Kobe Steel Ltd., ? Insteel Industries Inc., ? N.V. Bekaert SA, ? Steel Authority of India Ltd. ? POSCO, Tata Steel Ltd., ? Rio Tinto, ? BHP, ? Vale, ? Tree Island Industries Ltd., ? Leggett & Platt Incorporated Tags #pigiron #IRON #steelbusiness #steelsupplier #ironconsultant #ironandsteel #survey #DetailedProjectReport #indiansteelindustry #businessconsultant #Manufacturing #Indiansteel #ironbusiness #chemicalbusiness #chemicalmarket #chemicalproducts #ChemicalProduction #chemicals #chemieindustrie #ChemicalGrowth #chemicalresearchreport #chemicalconsultancy #chemicalconsultants #BusinessPlan #marketresearchreport #ProjectReportForBankLoan #entrepreneurship #businessbook #ironindustry #ironproject #futurebusiness #smallbusiness #ironbook #IronAndSteel #ironandsteelindustry #PreFeasibilityandFeasibilityStudy #feasibilityreport #metalbusiness How Pig Iron is made?, pig iron manufacturing process pdf, pig iron manufacturing process ppt, Steel Wiki - Pig Iron Production, Pig Iron Stocks in India, INDIAN PIG IRON INDUSTRY, iron and steel industry in india pdf, Iron and steel industry in India, Indian Steel Industry, iron and steel industry in india, prospects of iron and steel industry in india, iron and steel industry in india ppt, Indian steel industry analysis 2018 pdf, conclusion on iron and steel industry, solution of iron and steel industry, steel industry outlook in india, (PDF) The Indian Steel Industry, Essay on Iron and Steel Industry of India, How to Start Pig Iron Processing Industry in India, Pig Iron Processing Industry in India, Most Profitable Pig Iron Processing Business Ideas, Pig Iron Processing & Pig Iron Based Profitable Projects, Pig Iron Processing Projects, Small Scale Pig Iron Processing Projects, Starting a Pig Iron Processing Business, How to Start a Pig Iron Production Business, Pig Iron Based Small Scale Industries Projects, new small scale ideas in Pig Iron processing industry, Process technology books, Business consultancy of Pig Iron, Business consultant, Preparation of Project Profiles, Business guidance to clients, Startup Project for Pig Iron, Business Plan for a Startup Business Pig Iron, Great Opportunity for Startup, Small Start-up Business Project, Start-up Business Plan for Pig Iron, Setting up and opening your Pig Iron Business, How to Start a Pig Iron?, Feasibility Reports List, Detailed Project Reports List, Project Reports, Project Consultancy Services, Technology Book, Detailed Project Report, Market Research Report, Techno-Economic Feasibility Study on Pig Iron, Project Report & Profile, Project Consultancy, Project Opportunities, Technology Books, Business Listing, Business Books, Feasibility Report of Pig Iron , Project Report, Technology Book on Pig Iron, Business Ideas of Pig Iron, Startup Project, Project Consultancy on Pig Iron, Niir Project Consultancy Services , Project Profile, Small Scale Industry, manufacturing business, technology on Pig Iron, Consultancy Services, Consultant for Pig Iron, Feasibility Report on Pig Iron, Production of Pig Iron, project cost,, Investment Opportunities of Pig Iron, Industry Trends, Project Reports and Technology Books on Pig Iron, Industry, Market Detailed Analysis Report, Profitable business on Pig Iron,
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Eco-Friendly Profitable Business Ideas of Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice Straw and Wheat Straw

Eco-Friendly Profitable Business Ideas of Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice Straw and Wheat Straw. Investment Opportunities in Production of Rice Straw and Wheat Straw Tableware Products. Straw is an agricultural byproduct consisting of the dry stalks of cereal plants after the grain and chaff have been removed. It makes up about half of the yield of cereal crops such as barley, oats, rice, rye and wheat. Wheat straw is the stalk left over after wheat grains are harvested. Traditionally, it has been treated as a waste. In some countries, farmers burn it, contributing to air pollution and creating a public health hazard. However, these stalks still have value. We reclaim this material and use it to make our wheat straw products. These products are prevalent in fast food restaurants, takeaways, but also for airline meals. In private settings, this kind of disposable products has proven very popular with consumers who prefer easy and quick cleanup after parties, etc. Wheat straw contains cellulose which can be broken down and reprocessed into a number of different polymers that are often called bio plastics. Note that bio plastics are not necessarily compostable and the term bioplastic is sometimes loosely applied. Hundreds of different fibrous plants can be manufactured into alternatives to tree-based paper products, most notably wheat, rice, hemp, flax, and sugar cane. In many agricultural processes, straw is treated merely as the agricultural waste that remains after grain or juice is extracted from crops. For World Centric, straw is a valuable resource that can be fashioned into disposable products like plates, take out containers, bowls etc. Biodegradable Tableware is the cutlery and crockery or tableware which are compostable and easily degradable by the action of microbes. These are made up of sugarcane bagasse, bamboo, paper pulp, bagels, rice husk, coconut coir, and other disposable material viz. biodegradable plastic. Market Outlook Biodegradable tableware, as the name suggests, are fully compostable and biodegradable; hence, they are widely used globally in order to reduce plastic waste and greenhouse emissions, such as methane emissions. This type of tableware can be made from sugarcane bagasse, bamboo, paper pulp, and other disposable material. These tableware are superior in strength and are environment friendly. Biodegradable tableware include food containers and tableware such as bowls, plates, cups and meal trays, which decompose within 30 to 60 days after being discarded. Increasing preference for environment-friendly tableware and rising concerns regarding the ill-effects of plastic tableware are boosting the biodegradable tableware market. Rising emphasis on non-toxic & petroleum-free is expected to drive the demand for Biodegradable Tableware in the residential and commercial segments. Rising disposable income along with increasing consumer awareness about the benefits associated with the use of biodegradable tableware is expected to drive the market. Additionally, increasing economic awareness about the use of plastic and other toxic material tableware, in terms of their price, among consumers provides them the benefit of choice and also simultaneously creates competition in the market in order to produce best quality products. In India, biodegradable products made from bamboo were traditionally used in rural areas; over the years, this trend has spread to the urban areas as well. However, in certain parts of the globe, these tableware, especially those made from bamboo, are expensive. Consumer product packaging and disposable eating products made of biodegradable material such as corn, sugarcane, husk, and other plant bases possess numerous environmental advantages over non-biodegradable products. These factors coupled with rising investment and development is anticipated to boost to the market. The global biodegradable tableware market can be segmented based on material, product type, distribution channel, and region. Based on material, the biodegradable tableware market can be classified into paper, bagasse, bamboo, palm leaf, wheat bran, and others (wheat, straw, paper pulp, etc.). In terms of product type, the global biodegradable tableware market can be divided into cups, plates, bowls, silverware, and others (straws and stirrers, flatware, etc.). Based on distribution channel, the market can be bifurcated into online and offline [large format stores, (hypermarkets, supermarkets, departmental stores), specialty stores, small retail stores]. Compostable tableware’s products are used for serving food. These products are biodegradable and release valuable nutrients into the soil, aiding the growth of trees and plants when they breakdown. Compostable plates can be placed into the compost bin after use. These products degrade within several months in an industrial composting facility and produce no toxic residues. These plates are reusable and are made up of renewable resources. These renewable sources are made from all-natural materials such as agricultural residues, palm leaves, bagasse, bamboo, and cornstarch-based PLA plastic. These eco-friendly tableware’s are sturdy enough to hold hot or cold food and easily gets biodegraded after use. Compostable plates and bowls are the perfect solutions for emerging green businesses. The growing awareness about the adverse effects of plastic such as massive plastic pollution and its grave consequences on aquatic and aerial creatures after dumping this product into the sea are the major driving factors for the growth of compostable tableware market. The increasing demand for safe, sustainable and environmental friendly cutlery owing to the rising number of fast food restaurants and cafeterias is boosting the compostable tableware market. Compostable disposables are a viable alternative that provides the convenience of disposable plates when used in catering for parties, picnics or other occasions along with an added advantage of no negative impact to the eco-system. However, the lack of awareness about the benefits of compostable tableware’s and the poor management of organic waste hampers the growth of compostable tableware market. The cost of compostable tableware is also higher as compared to the traditional disposables. Moreover, the rising enforcement of environmental laws and the growing need for better waste management is anticipated to create an opportunity for the growth of compostable tableware market. The geographies, Asia Pacific dominates the compostable tableware market owing to the growth of the compostable tableware producing companies in this region. In addition, the governmental initiatives to promote the usage of environment-friendly products are also anticipated to boost the growth of the compostable tableware market in the Asia-Pacific region. Europe is also one of the fastest growing regions, owing to the huge investments and development by private as well as government sectors in the development of compostable tableware market. The global compostable tableware market covers segments such as type and end-user. On the basis of type, the global compostable tableware market is categorized into bowl and lids, cups and lids, portion cups and lids, containers and lids, plates, reusable dishware, straw and cup sleeves, compostable spoons, and others. On the basis of end-user, the global compostable tableware market is categorized into household, food joints & takeaways, hotels, and others. The biodegradable tableware is the eco-friendly tableware which is made from waste materials like sugarcane bagasse, rice husk, coconut coir. The rise in awareness of the environment pollution drives the biodegradable tableware market globally. However, consumer behavior towards the use of the biodegradable cutlery could be the challenge for the market. Increasing demand for the foodservice industry might create an opportunity for the market in the coming future. However, the cost of biodegradable tableware is very high as compared to conventional cutlery and crockery. Thus, the high cost of biodegradable tableware might hamper the market. Currently there are enormous waste of disposable tableware around the world, especially in the developing countries; with more and more consumers having strong environmental protection consciousness and the government continuously promulgate legislation to protect the environment to reduce waste. In future more and more disposable tableware will be made of the bioplastic like PLA resin, CPLA (modified PLA), and Starch Blends etc. and the bioplastic tableware will play more and more important roles. Plastic straw consumption in the world was increasing by leaps and bounds before the last 2-3 years. However, rising intolerance towards plastic straws, growing consumer demand for eco-friendly straws and globally increasing government reforms and campaigns to ban plastic straws are likely to offer a positive outlook for the paper straws market. On-the-go consumers demand more than convenience from their products. They are increasingly aware of their choices and are picking more sustainable options. More than ever, consumers are demanding flexibility in their meal options. Generally, they are looking for speed and convenience. The availability of online ordering and delivery services allows the enjoyment of eating out while still tending to their busy lives. As this trend continues to rise, the establishments that serve them must be prepared to package a meal for takeout or delivery while ensuring the best eating experience for their guests. This includes containers, wraps and bags, among others. The single-use items utilized must prevent spills, provide convenience, and best represent the image that the foodservice establishment is trying to achieve. World Centric plant-fiber food service products are currently made from wheat straw. In the past, we relied more heavily on bagasse (sugar cane fiber that remains after juice is extracted) and we may shift to other plant inputs in the future, as the market for agricultural waste grows and changes. The wheat straw that we use comes from the stalks of wheat plants. The stalks of wheat plants do not store protein, gluten, or allergens. Those are stored in the grains, and our products do not contain gluten or allergens. Our products meet FDA standards for food contact, and they meet FDA standards for gluten-free, non-allergenic products. Disposable cups made from bio plastics or other such materials is predicted to garner surplus demand in the years to come. Such favorable consumer preferences, coupled with rising consumption of fast in the world, will also continue consolidating the growth of global disposable cups market. Global market for disposable cups projects that by the end of 2026, more than US$ 21.2 Bn worth of disposable cups will be sold globally. Key Players ? Huhtamäki Oyj, ? Hoffmaster Group Inc. (Aardvark), ? Biopac UK Ltd, ? Vegware Ltd, ? U.S. Paper Straw, T ? he Paper Straw Co, ? Austraw Pty Ltd T/as Bygreen, ? Footprint LLC, Okstraw, ? Transcend Packaging Ltd, ? PT. Strawland, ? TIPI Straws, ? MPM Marketing Services Pty Ltd, ? Canada Brown Eco Products Ltd, ? Aleco Straws Co. Ltd, ? Zhengzhou Gstar Plastics Co., Ltd, ? YIWU JinDong Paper Co., Ltd, ? Sharp Serviettes, ? GP Paper Straw Sdn Bhd, ? The Blue Straw. Production Capacity : 5 Ton / Day Plant and Machinery Cost : 21 Crore See More https://bit.ly/2tFwqIs https://bit.ly/2T6LUQq https://bit.ly/2tDwWqs https://bit.ly/2sXw6oH Tags #compostable #compostabletableware #disposabletableware #Disposable #compostable #ecofriendly #wheatstraw #disposabletableware #disposabletablewaremarket #bagasse #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #Manufacturing #BusinessPlan #marketresearchreport #ProjectReportForBankLoan #entrepreneurship #businessbook #futurebusiness #smallbusiness #PreFeasibilityandFeasibilityStudy #feasibilityreport #businessfeasibilityreport #businessconsulting #MarketReseach #businessplans #projectconsultancy #BusinessFeasibilityStudies #technologyindustry #businessplanning #projectplans How to Start Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Processing Industry in India, Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Processing Industry in India, Most Profitable Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Processing Business Ideas, Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Processing & Rice/Wheat Straw Based Profitable Projects, Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Processing Projects, Small Scale Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Processing Projects, Starting a Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Processing Business, How to Start a Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Production Business, Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Based Small Scale Industries Projects, new small scale ideas in Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw processing industry, Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Making Small Business Manufacturing, Small scale Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw making machine Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw production line, Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw making machine factory, Modern small and cottage scale industries, Profitable small and cottage scale industries, Setting up and opening your Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Business, How to Start a Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw business?, How to start a successful Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw business, Small scale Commercial Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw making, Best small and cottage scale industries, Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw Business, Profitable Small Scale Manufacturing, Feasibility Reports List, Detailed Project Reports List, Project Reports, Niir Project Consultancy Services, NPCS, Niir.Org, Business Ideas, Entrepreneur, Business Plan, Technology Book, Manufacturing Business, Detailed Project Report, Market Research Report, Techno-Economic Feasibility Study, Feasibility Report, Project Report & Profile, Project Consultancy, Startup, Small Business, Database, Technologies, Project Opportunities, Manufacturing Process, Technology Books, Business Listing, Business Books, Entrepreneur India Magazine, Small Scale Industries Consultancy for Compostable & Disposable Tableware from Rice/Wheat Straw,
Plant capacity: 5 Ton / DayPlant & machinery: 21 Crore
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Biodegradable Plates & Bowls from Areca Tree Leaf

Areca Leaf Plates are made from areca leaf, which are eco friendly and sanitized, Manufacturing in high Quality in various standard designs in products range and can be exclusive designs based on the customer reference of shapes and sizes. The areca palm tree leaves are fresh in nature, thick, which is non-toxic, free from any chemicals and pest. The leaves are Eco-friendly in nature, lightweight, disposable and durable in nature. The global biodegradable plastics market size was estimated at USD 2.56 billion in 2017. It is expected to expand at a CAGR of 12.8% during the forecast period. Governments prohibiting the use of single-use plastic coupled with rising awareness among public regarding ill-effects of plastic waste are among the key trends stimulating market growth. This is projected to further augment the demand for paper cups and paper plates globally. Looking forward, the market is expected to reach a value exceeding US$ 117 Billion by 2023, exhibiting a CAGR of more than 2% during 2018-2023. Disposable Plates Market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.9% during The Forecast Period 2017–2027. Overview Global Paper Cups and Paper Plates Market 2018, Demand by Regions, Share and Forecast to 2023. The global paper cups and paper plates market has witnessed a steady growth over the past several years. This can be accredited to rising health and sanitation awareness and growing demand from the food service sector.
Plant capacity: Bio-Degradable Areca Leaf Round Plates (Size 10"/12"):3200 Pcs per day Bio-Degradable Areca Leaf Round & Square Plates (Size 6"):3200 Pcs per day Bio-Degradable Areca Leaf Round Bowls (Size 4.5"):3200 Pcs per dayPlant & machinery: 36 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:79 Lakh
Return: 14.00%Break even: 17.00%
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Biomass Briquettes from Bio Waste

Among the non-conventional forms of energy, Bio-Energy offers vast potential under Indian conditions, due to the wide spectrum of BIOMASS available in different agro-climatic regions of the country. Worldwide, the energy stored in biomass through photosynthesis is approximately 3x1021? (90% in trees) every year, which is nearly 10 times the world’s annual energy use. Even through the total renewable biomass resource for energy far exceeds the world’s total energy requirement, its volume exploitation remains limited because of the present low cost of fossil fuels, the heterogeneous nature of biomass, and the area over which the biomass must be collected for large-scale applications. Biomass feed, especially agro-residues, is available in different forms, such as husks, straw, and stalks of various and numerous crops. Due to this heterogeneous nature, the utility of these materials for energy becomes limited, and energy conversion processes tend to become biomass specific. Biomass briquettes are a proven way of generating energy from bio-waste. Different types of waste have been utilized in order to develop biomass briquettes. Biomass briquettes derived from Mustard, Cotton, Guar, Saw Dust and Peanut shell Agro waste could result in feasible on-site fuel production. Biomass briquettes can typically provide between 3-15 per cent of the input energy into the power plant. The objective behind the move, is to reduce air pollution caused due to burning of surplus biomass residue in fields by creating an alternate market for its large-scale utilisation in power plants as well as reduce carbon emission from coal-fired power plants. The global Biomass Briquette market is valued at 320 million US$ in 2017 and will reach 570 million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of 7.3% during 2018-2025. The global biomass briquettes market is segmented into North America, Latin America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and Asia Pacific. Of these regions, Europe and North America are expected to be key regions for the growth of this market over the forecast tenure. The utilization of the biomass briquettes production technologies is high to convert their biomass into useful energy sources.
Plant capacity: 20 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 52 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:94 Lakh
Return: 20.00%Break even: 73.00%
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Ready to Eat Food (RTE)

Ready to Eat Foods (RTE) are convenience foods, enclosed in aluminium container or pouches that only need to be cut and heated before being served. Instant vegetables in retort pouches fall under this category and find application not only as home meal replacement in working class households but also in fast-food restaurants and multi cuisine food joints. These are handy meals for armed forces and paramilitary forces deployed in remote places. RTE food includes wide range of products viz. vegetarian/non- vegetarian, basic food/delectable desserts, south and north Indian items available from a specialty or multi cuisine restaurant & food joint only. Ready To Eat, Shelf Stable, Retort Sterilized Foods are completely cooked foods packed in airtight containers, which could be preserved at room temperature for a long period of time without the necessity of freezing, cooling and drying. The thermally-processed retort pouch foods are waterproof, weatherproof and bug proof. The Shelf Life of Ready To Eat Foods is from 1 year to 5 years, depending on the type of packing materials and processing procedures. India‘s Food Processing industry is one of the largest industries in the country - it is ranked fifth in terms of production, consumption, export and expected growth. The industry employs 1.6 million workers directly. Now the time is to provide better food processing & marketing infrastructure for Indian industries to serve good quality & safest processed food like READY TO EAT (RTE) food, keeping in mind the changing tastes and lifestyle of the Indian demography. The Indian food processing market was worth INR 24,665 Billion in 2018. Looking forward, the market is projected to reach INR 50,571 Billion by 2024, exhibiting a CAGR of 12.4% during 2019-2024. Rising household incomes, urbanization and the growth of organized retail are currently some of the major drivers of this market. Food processing is a large sector that covers activities such as agriculture, horticulture, plantation, animal husbandry and fisheries. Few Indian major players are as under: • A D F Foods Ltd. • Dabur Foods Ltd. • Gits Food Products Pvt. Ltd. • Godrej Tyson Foods Ltd. • Haldiram Products Pvt. Ltd. • Hatsun Agro Products Ltd. • Hindustan Unilever Ltd. • I T C Ltd.
Plant capacity: Vegetable Pulao : 3000 Kgs. per day Dal Makhani : 2000: Kgs. per day Palak: 600: Kgs. per day Rajmah: 700 Kgs. per day Potato Peas: 600 Kgs. per day Mutter Mushroom: 250 Kgs. per dayPlant & machinery: 580 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:954 Lakh
Return: 30.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Prestressed Concrete Sleepers

Concrete sleepers are one of the most important applications of a railway track system. The impact load characteristics and ultimate load carrying capacity of a prestressed sleeper, but the fatigue life of prestressed concrete sleepers is limited. The railway sleeper is a vital railway component that lies between the rail and the ballast. The important functions of sleepers include the following: uniform transfer and distribution of loads from the rail foot to ballast bed, provision of an anchorage for the fastening system, and the restraining of lateral, longitudinal, and vertical movement of the rails. Prestressing is the process of applying a load to a structure deforming is it so that it will with stand a work load more effectively or so that it will deflect less. Prestressed concrete is that in which internal stresses are introduced to such a magnitude and distribution that the tensile stresses resulting from the service loads are encountered to a desired degree. The prestresses are commonly introduced by tensioning the tensions. Indian railways is world’s largest railway network. Railways in India consume at about 350 Million concrete sleepers. The demand of such sleepers including Private players is expected to double to nearly 700 million sleepers in next 2 years. The Indian Railways is among the world’s largest rail networks. The Indian Railways network is spread over 115,000 km, with 12,617 passenger trains and 7,421 freight trains each day from 7,172 stations plying 23 million travelers and 3 million tones (MT) of freight daily. The revenue generated by the Railways is expected to grow at 10 per cent in the fiscal year 2017-18. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows into Railways related components from April 2000 to March 2017 were US$ 798.55 million. The market size is projected to grow from USD 104.03 Billion in 2017 to USD 138.96 Billion by 2022, at an estimated CAGR of 5.96%. Few Indian major players are as under: • Alpine Housing Devp. Corpn. Ltd. • Bemco Sleepers Ltd. • Calcutta Springs Ltd. • Concrete Techno Project Ltd. • Concrete Udyog Ltd. • Daya Concretes Pvt. Ltd. • Daya Engineering Works (Sleeper) Ltd.
Plant capacity: 500 Pcs. per dayPlant & machinery: 1409 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 2691 Lakh
Return: 29.00%Break even: 41.00%
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Gypsum Plaster Board

Gypsum Plaster Boards are constructional sheets composed of consigned Gypsum with about 15% fibre. Its outstanding contributes are fire resistance, dimensional stability, easy workability and low cost fibres are added to provide crack resistance and for fire resistance water repellent chemicals may be added to the board core. Paper-coated gypsum board is made by method of adding small amount of additives and reinforced fiber to plaster as the base material and coating the surface and back of plasterboard with paper. Gypsum plaster boards are selected for use according to their type, size, thickeners and edge profit. The Boards may be used for example to provided dry lining finishes to masonry walls, to ceilings, to steel or timber framed partitions, or as claddings to structural steel columns and beams, or in the manufacture of pre-fabricated partition panels. The Indian market for Gypsum Plaster Board is expected to reach about 333.64 million m2 by 2021 from 221.75 million m2 in 2016, registering a Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.51% during the analysis period, 2016-2021BPB, UK took over the company and has acquired an 80% stock. The balance 20% of the capital is with the public. Gypsum Plaster Board (GPB) popularly known as gypboard is a low cost, lightweight construction material made from aerated gypsum plaster and produced in varying thicknesses suitable for different applications. It consists of a core of aerated gypsum plaster bonded between two sheets of heavy-duty paper. ? Few Indian major players are as under: • B P B India Gypsym Ltd. • Fact-R C F Building Products Ltd. • I D L Buildware Ltd. • I D L Salzbau (India) Ltd. • Saint-Gobain Gyproc India Ltd. • U S G Boral Building Products (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Gypsum Plaster Board (Wall and Top Ceiling): 2,000,000 Sq.mt. per AnnumPlant & machinery: 315 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 916 Lakh
Return: 27.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Cenosphere

The word Cenosphere is derived from two Greek words Kens (hollow) and Sphaira (sphere). Cenospheres are light weight, inert hollow sphere comprising largely of silica & alumina and filled with air or inert gas. Cenospheres are a naturally occurring by product of the burning process of pulverized coal-fired boilers. They are formed during the molten state of ash and attain spherical shape to have minimum surface tension. Cenospheres are formed from coal combustion ash when it is in a molten state. Flowing with the combustion gas stream, the temperature of the molten particles is rapidly quenched, thereby ‘freezing in’ a spherical shape. Any gas bubbles within the molten particles are also trapped inside the spheres. Cenospheres Market by Type (Gray Cenosphere, White Cenosphere), End-use Industry (Refractory, Construction, Oil & Gas, Automotive, Paints & Coatings), and market was valued at USD 346.8 Million in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 689.2 Million by 2022, at a CAGR of 12.16% from 2017 to 2022. Cenospheres are inert, light weight and hollow spheres particularly made of alumina or silica and filled with inert gases or air. They are typically manufactured as a by-product of coal combustion in the thermal power plants. The appearance of cenospheres varies from almost white to grey and its density is approximately 0.4–0.8 g/cm3 hence, they have the property of incredible buoyancy. Few Indian major players are as under: • Ashtech (India) Pvt. Ltd. • Bharathi Rock Products (India) Pvt. Ltd. • Minerals & Minerals Ltd. • Unirama Industries Ltd. • Wolkem India Ltd.
Plant capacity: 10,000 MT per annumPlant & machinery: 60 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 434 Lakh
Return: 27.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Gypsum Plaster Board

Gypsum Plaster Boards are constructional sheets composed of consigned Gypsum with about 15% fibre. Its outstanding contributes are fire resistance, dimensional stability, easy workability and low cost fibres are added to provide crack resistance and for fire resistance water repellent chemicals may be added to the board core. Gypsum plaster boards are selected for use according to their type, size, thickeners and edge profit. The Boards may be used for example to provided dry lining finishes to masonry walls, to ceilings, to steel or timber framed partitions, or as claddings to structural steel columns and beams, or in the manufacture of pre-fabricated partition panels. Gypsum board, also known as “drywall” or “plaster board,” consists of a core of gypsum surrounded with a paper covering. Several varieties of gypsum board products are available; each is comprised of a specially formulated gypsum plaster mix and facing paper specifically developed for the intended application. Gypsum Plaster Boards are constructional sheets composed of consigned Gypsum with about 15% fibre. Its outstanding contributes are fire resistance, dimensional stability, easy workability and low cost fibres are added to provide crack resistance and for fire resistance water repellent chemicals may be added to the board core. Gypsum Plaster Board (GPB) popularly known as gypboard is a low cost, lightweight construction material made from aerated gypsum plaster and produced in varying thicknesses suitable for different applications. The Indian market for Gypsum Plaster Board is expected to reach about 333.64 million m2 by 2021 from 221.75 million m2 in 2016, registering a Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.51% during the analysis period, 2016-2021BPB, UK took over the company and has acquired an 80% stock. The balance 20% of the capital is with the public. Few Indian major players are as under: • B P B India Gypsym Ltd. • Fact-R C F Building Products Ltd. • I D L Buildware Ltd. • I D L Salzbau (India) Ltd. • Saint-Gobain Gyproc India Ltd. • U S G Boral Building Products (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Gypsum Plaster Board (Wall and Top Ceiling): 40000 Sq.mt. per dayPlant & machinery: 944 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 1835 Lakh
Return: 27.00%Break even: 54.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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