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Best Business Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agriculture & Horticulture: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

 

PROFILE

Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy is one of the most significant part of India. Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. About 65% of Indian population depends directly on agriculture and it accounts for around 22% of GDP. Agriculture derives its importance from the fact that it has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. The agriculture sector of India has occupied almost 43 percent of India's geographical area. Agriculture is still the only largest contributor to India's GDP even after a decline in the same in the agriculture share of India

RESOURCES

Paddy, wheat and maize are the major crops of Jammu & Kashmir. Barley, bajra and jowar are cultivated in few parts. Gram is grown in Ladakh. The horticulture industry in Kashmir has become the safeguard of rural economy in the State, providing job facilities to the thousands of people directly and indirectly. The major horticulture items are apple, pear, cherry, walnut, almond, peaches, saffron, apricot, strawberry and plum. About 80 per cent population of the State depends on agriculture. The area under orchards is 242 lakh hectares. The State produces fruit worth Rs 2,000 crore annually including export of walnuts worth Rs. 120 crore. Jammu and Kashmir State has been declared as Agri Export Zone for apple and walnuts. Market Intervention Scheme has also been launched for improving quality fruit for export by ensuing proper grading.

The State is suitable for growing variety of flowers since it has perfect agro-climatic conditions. The floriculture industry in the State offers a good source of supply to the domestic and international market. There is potential for this activity to be propagated on a commercial basis.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In India, agricultural trade policy is a part of a larger food and agriculture policy regime that seeks to maintain food self-sufficiency while providing income support to the agricultural sector and poor consumers. The Government of India (GOI) uses a variety of policy instruments in attempting to achieve these goals, including:

•        Domestic subsidies to inputs, outputs, transportation, storage, and consumption to reduce producer costs and consumer prices

•        Border measures such as subsidies, tariffs, quotas, and non-tariff measures to protect domestic producers from import competition, manage domestic price levels, and guarantee domestic supply.

Handicraft: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

India is one of the important suppliers of handicrafts to the world market.  The Indian handicrafts industry is highly labour intensive cottage based industry and decentralized, being spread all over the country in rural and urban areas.  Paintings, furniture, sculptures, artificial jewellery, animal figures, figurines of deities and idols, baskets, and many more items have been complimented as the pride of India. The Handicrafts Sector plays a significant & important role in the country’s economy.

RESOURCES:

Handicraft is the traditional industry of the State and has been of crucial importance given its large employment and export potential. Some of the items of industry are papier-mache, woodcarving, carpets, shawl making, embroidery etc. The handicrafts industry, particularly the carpet industry, has been a source of substantial foreign exchange. It provides employment to about 3.40 lakh artisans. The number of industrial units has also gone up. Jammu has Urban Haats, while a similar Haat is being commissioned in Srinagar. An Export Promotion Industrial Park has been established at Kartholi, Jammu. A similar Park is being set up at Ompora, Budgam. A pashmina dehairing project assisted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is coming up in the Leh industrial estate of the State.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

During the Xth Plan the Government of India has implemented seven generic schemes in the central sector for holistic growth and development of handicrafts sector in the country.  The Sub-Group on handicrafts recommended six generic schemes for development of handicrafts in the country to be implemented during the 11th five year plan. The schemes recommended for implementation during 11th five year plan are as under:

Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana: This scheme aims to promote Indian handicrafts by developing artisans’ clusters into professionally managed and self-reliant community enterprise on the principles of effective member participation and mutual cooperation.  The thrust of the scheme is on a project based, need based integrated approach for sustainable development of handicrafts through participation of crafts persons. 

 

Livestock: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Livestock sector plays a critical role in the welfare of India's rural population. It contributes nine percent to Gross Domestic Product and employs eight percent of the labour force. 70% of livestock market in India is owned by 67% of small, marginal farmers and by the landless. 60% of livestock farming labor is provided by women and more than 90% of work related to care of animals is rendered by womenfolk of the family. Indian Livestock is reared in close human proximity where they form component of the life system of the people. Cows, buffaloes, bullocks, mule and donkeys are not just utility animals, but also companions at work for the toiling poor who rear them alongside their own dwelling. India has 53% of world Buffalo population and 15% of world Cattle population. In terms of sheep population, India ranks fifth after Australia, China, Iran and New Zealand.

RESOURCES:

In Jammu and Kashmir, animal husbandry plays a significant role as 0.13 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) of the state is contributed by this sector. The state has a precious wealth of livestock in form of cattle-buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry, etc. The cattle and poultry amongst all the livestock are considered the most important tool for the development of the rural economy. The production of pashmina shawls and other animal products like carpets, shawls and blankets of Kashmir earn handsome foreign exchange for the nation. Therefore livestock industry in the state has vast scope for development rendering quick economic returns.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Indian government has collaboration and policies to provide guidance for a more holistic planning, implementation and monitoring of animal husbandry projects. Following plans have also been made:

•        Also, the government has planned to assure a sound Natural Resource Management (NRM) Sphere co-ordination and implementation at country level for SDC.

•        Create / enhance synergy between the activities of the Livestock production and Dairying (LPD) and Sustainable Land Use (SLU) sectors

•        Enlarge the scope for new and innovative interventions and for support to technical development and technology transfer.

•        Promote and support validation, documentation and dissemination of experiences in order to contribute to the process of knowledge management in SDC and Inter cooperation (IC) and to strengthen inputs for policy and strategic dialogue with partners and actors in the NRM Sphere

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

 

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Jammu and Kashmir is known as crown of India, adheres varieties of cultural, religious spots, adventure and sightseeing activities. It is famous for its towering snow clad mountains, bubbling streams, transparent and sparkling lakes, flower meadows, colourful orchards and rare fauna. All such features of Jammu and Kashmir have always attracted numerous tourists from all over the world. Tourism has emerged as an important and one of the major contributors to the State's economy. There are various places of tourist attraction in the State which are being visited by both foreign and domestic tourists. Kashmir Valley is described as the paradise on earth. Chashmashahi springs, Shalimar Bagh, Dal Lake, Dachigam, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonamarg and Amarnath shrine in the Valley, Vaishnodevi shrine and Patnitop near Jammu and Buddhist monasteries in Ladakh are important tourist destinations. Ladakh festival in September and Sindhu Darshan in June are popular events. However, efforts are being made to support houseboat owners and develop village tourism in Jammu and Kashmir.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

Sericulture: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Sericulture, the technique of silk production, is an agro-industry, playing an eminent role in the rural economy of India. Silk-fibre is a protein produced from the silk-glands of silkworms. Of the total production of 2,969 tonnes of silk in India, as much as 2,445 tonnes is produced by the mulberry silkworms, Bombyx mori. India is the second largest producer of raw silk after China and the biggest consumer of raw silk and silk fabrics. An analysis of trends in international silk production suggests that sericulture has better prospects for growth in the developing countries rather than in the advanced countries.

RESOURCES:

Kashmir has been famous for its silk production since ancient past. Rajtrangni of Kalhana, Mahabharata and Ramayana establish that the sericulture was being practised in Kashmir from times immemorial.  Jammu and Kashmir produces the best quality Bivoltine Mulberry silk in the country due to its longer length better strength and shine mainly because of conducive climatic conditions. However out of total production of cocoons every year only 20-25% is being consumed within the State and the rest is exported. The estimated production of raw silk yarn is 92000 kg annually. As against this the State is importing spun silk as an item of raw material for different manufactures without clicking our conscience that the better silk could have been exported to others besides catering to the needs of the home industry.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

There are several centrally sponsored schemes for promotion and development of sericulture sector, through which Government of India has been undertaking different activities like:

 

•        creation of sericulture related infrastructure;

•        development of nurseries and farms;

•        expanding plantation areas;

•        providing technical know-how to the rearers in production and marketing of cocoons;

•        skill up-gradation and training programme, etc.

 

Fisheries: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Fisheries sector occupies a very important place in socio-economic development in India. It has been recognized as a powerful income and employment generatoras it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary industries and is a source of cheap and nutritious besides being a foreign exchange earner.

RESOURCES:

The State of J&K has a unique topography which divides the State in to 3 distinct agro climatic zones viz. the tropical Jammu Division, the temperate Kashmir Valley and the cold arid zone of Ladakh. The State is bestowed with the natural water resources spread over an area of about 0.40 lacs hectares existing in the shape of cold water torrential streams, Lakes, Rivers, Sars, Springs, Reservoirs besides about 250 high altitude Lakes. While the Jammu Division offers potential for development of Warm Water Fisheries, certain areas in the Districts of Kathua, Udhampur, Doda, Rajouri and Poonch also offer potential for the development of Cold water Fisheries and Mahaseer Fisheries. The Kashmir Valley including Ladakh region offers great potential for development of Cold Water Fisheries and the indigenous Icthyofauna.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

During the 10th Five Year Plan, emphasis was laid on the strengthening of the infrastructure existing in the shape of Fish Farms, Hatcheries, and other allied infrastructure. The Department has achieved break-through in cold water Fisheries and Food Fisheries. Fish Farming has been successfully introduced in the private sector under the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s Package and in this direction 454 units have been set up to provide employment avenues to the educated unemployed rural youth. During the Annual Plan 2009-10, the department has identified major thrust areas for overall development of fisheries in the State.

These include:-

i.        The existing infrastructure will be further strengthened. Under this programme, emphasis will be laid to increase the hatching and rearing capacity of existing Fish Farms and Trout Hatcheries.

ii.       Development of Recreational Fisheries by way of setting up of an Aquarium at Srinagar and completion of phase 2nd of Aquarium cum Awareness centre at Bagh-i-Bahu Jammu.

iii.      Extensive survey of areas especially in newly created districts will be conducted for establishment of new fish farming units of both Carp and Trout.

iv.      Sport Fisheries will be further strengthened and new trout streams will be established in the State particularly in Jammu division to increase the scope of trout angling in the State.

v.       Propagation of fish culture in private sector

vi.      Development of endemic fish fauna/hill stream fisheries.

vii.     To provide better marketing facilities for the fishermen.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

RESOURCES:

SMC has introduced dumpers replacing open collection sites in many areas but the dumpers are not colour-coded and no segregation of waste is carried out at source. Total waste generated is about 375 MT/day (within SMC limits). House-to-House collection of municipal solid waste is being undertaken in 25% of households in Srinagar city through Srinagar Municipal Corporation and some Non- Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Waste is being collected from hotels, restaurants, office complexes and commercial areas whereas slums in some areas are not provided with sanitation facilities. Waste from slaughter houses, meat and fish markets, fruits and vegetable markets which are bio-degradable in nature are not managed separately instead are dumped at the landfill site.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Active Pharma Ingredients (API) Amoxicillin Trihydrate, Azithromycin & Paracetamol

Active pharmaceutical ingredients are the active substances that are used in the manufacture of a drug and have a pharmacological effect. They provide health benefits and play a vital role in disease diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Active pharmaceutical ingredients may be synthesized either chemically or through biotechnological methods. Azithromycin is used to treat certain bacterial infections, such as bronchitis; pneumonia; sexually transmitted diseases (STD); and infections of the ears, lungs, sinuses, skin, throat, and reproductive organs. Paracetamol is a commonly used medicine that can help treat pain and reduce a high temperature (fever). It is often recommended as one of the first treatments for pain, as it's safe for most people to take and side effects are rare. India is the seventh largest country in the world and has the second highest population. It has a parliamentary democratic form of government and has abundant natural resources and sufficient oil reserves. Huge investment promises from different countries predict a bright future for India. It has a well-developed administration and an independent judicial system with an ever-growing consumer base. It has a huge pool of hard-working skilled workers in all fields. The government has set up tax and non-tax incentives to establish new industrial entities in specific sectors, which include energy, ports, highways, electronics, and software. The Make in India initiative was launched by the government in 2014 and received an excellent response from the developed nations. The government has also created special areas dedicated to export, called export-processing zones (EPZs) or special economic zones (SEZs), to encourage foreign investment. The global active pharmaceutical ingredient market size is expected to reach a value of USD 286.6 billion by 2027, registering a CAGR of 6.7% over the forecast period. Factors, such as increasing preference for outsourcing APIs and growing prevalence of various target diseases such as cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are expected to drive the market growth. Patent expirations of blockbuster drugs give rise to generic versions of these molecules, wherein the manufacturers bear the cost. After a patent expires, R&D investments done by the company are no longer beneficial for the company. API production requires a huge capital amount as the process needs extremely systematic protocols. Thus, pharmaceutical companies benefit from outsourcing API production, as it eliminates the need for labor force and installing expensive manufacturing units. Strategic outsourcing allows companies to focus on their core competencies, ultimately resulting in increased productivity. These factors are also projected to drive the active pharmaceutical ingredient market growth. The growth of active pharmaceutical ingredients market is marked by the huge demand for drugs like analgesics, anti-infectives and diabetes, and pain management drugs. But with the rising trend of increasing research and development (R&D) activities, the demand is experiencing a shift towards the advancement of complex APIs that find use in novel formulations, thereby targeting niche therapeutic areas. This facilitates the development of new technologies and ensures a high quality product. Among the problems for pharmaceutical supply chains during this pandemic are the restrictions and impact of COVID-19 on two of the largest global producers of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and generics: China and India. APIs is a crucial part of the pharma industry’s strategic plan to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. The majority of APIs for generic drug manufacturing across the globe are sourced from India, which also supplies approximately 30 percent of the generic APIs used in the US. However, Indian manufacturers rely heavily on APIs from China for the production of their medicine formulations, procuring around 70 percent from China, the top global producer and exporter of APIs by volume. Role of Government towards API The coronavirus outbreak disrupting supply of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and medical devices from China to India, the government has come out with four schemes worth Rs 13,760 crore to encourage manufacturing of bulk drugs and medical devices in the country and their exports. On March 21, the Union Cabinet under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved an expenditure of Rs. 9,940 crore and Rs. 3,820 crore for APIs and medical devices, respectively. The Cabinet also approved a scheme on promotion of bulk drug parks for financing common infrastructure facilities in three bulk drug parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. The government will give grants-in-aid to states with a maximum limit of Rs. 1,000 crore per bulk Drug Park. Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power and steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. The government further approved production linked incentive (PLI) scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/drug intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs. 6,940 crore for next eight years. Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. Rate of incentive will be 20 per cent (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10 per cent for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. The PLI scheme will lead to expected incremental sales of Rs. 46,400 crore and significant additional employment generation over eight years. The drug industry has welcomed the incentives offered by the government to promote API units in India. Besides APIs, the Cabinet also approved the scheme for promotion of medical device parks in the country in partnership with the states. A maximum grant-in-aid of Rs. 100 crore per park will be provided to the states. It will have financial implications of Rs. 400 crore. The PLI scheme for promoting domestic manufacturing of medical devices will have financial implications of Rs. 3,420 crore for next five years. Medical device is a growing sector and its potential for growth is the highest among all sectors in the healthcare market. It is valued at Rs. 50,026 crore for 2018-19 and is expected to reach to Rs. 86,840 crore by 2021-22. India depends on imports up to an extent of 85 per cent of total domestic demand of medical devices. Union Cabinet scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • The scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks for financing Common Infrastructure Facilities in 3 Bulk Drug Parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/Drug Intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs6,940 crore for next eight years. Details: Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • Decision is to develop 3 mega Bulk Drug parks in India in partnership with States. • Government of India will give Grants-in-Aid to States with a maximum limit of Rs. 1000 Crore per Bulk Drug Park. • Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power & steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. • A sum of Rs. 3,000 crore has been approved for this scheme for next 5 years. Production Linked Incentive Scheme • Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. • Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • Rate of incentive will be 20 % (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10% for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • A sum of Rs. 6,940 crore has been approved for next 8 years. Few Indian major players are as under Alpha Remedies Ltd Ankur Drugs & Pharma Ltd. Cian Healthcare Ltd Farmson Pharmaceutical Gujarat Pvt. Ltd. Glaxosmithkline Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Pan Drugs Ltd Piramal Enterprises Ltd.
Plant capacity: Paracetamol : 1,000.0 Kgs / day Azithromycin : 500.0 Kgs / day Amoxicillin Trihydrate: 500.0 Kgs dayPlant & machinery: 175 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1322 lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Manufacturing of Active Pharma Ingredients (API) (Amoxicillin Trihydrate, Azithromycin & Paracetamol).

Production of Active Pharma Ingredients (API) (Amoxicillin Trihydrate, Azithromycin & Paracetamol). Investment Opportunities in Pharmaceutical Industry. An active ingredient (AI) is that the ingredient in an exceedingly pharmaceutical drug that's biologically active. The similar terms active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and bulk active i.e. bulk medicine are utilized in medicine, and therefore the term active substance could also be used for natural products. Thus, depending on the drug’s administered dosage, the reactions and results differ. Certain drugs are comprised of more than one kind of API. Amoxicillin is an antibiotic used to treat variety of bacterial infections. These include middle ear infection, strep throat, pneumonia, skin infections, and tract infections among others. It’s taken orally, or less usually by injection. Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API), is that the term used to check with the biologically active component of a drug product (e.g. tablet, capsule). Drug products are typically composed of many elements. The aforementioned API is that the primary ingredient. Alternative ingredients are commonly known as "excipients" and these substances are always required to be biologically safe, often making up a variable fraction of the drug product. The procedure for optimizing and compositing this mixture of components utilized in the drug is known as "formulation." Paracetamol is a commonly used medicine that can help treat pain and reduce a high temperature (fever). It is often recommended as one of the first treatments for pain, as it's safe for most people to take and side effects are rare. Azithromycin is an antibiotic used for the treatment of variety of bacterial infections. This includes middle ear infections, strep throat, pneumonia, traveler's diarrhea, and bound alternative intestinal infections it also can be used for variety of sexually transmitted infections, as well as chlamydia and gonorrhea infections. At the side of alternative medications, it's going to even be used for malaria. It may be taken by mouth or intravenously with doses once per day. It is on the world Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines required in a very health system. It’s one in all the most usually prescribed antibiotics in children. Trim ox is on the market as a generic medication. Related Books: - Pharmaceutical, Drugs, Proteins Technology Handbooks Azithromycin alone and in combination with different medications is currently being studied for the treatment of coronavirus wellness 2019 (COVID-19). Currently, azithromycin has been used with hydroxychloroquine to treat certain patients with COVID-19. However, there are mixed reports of effectiveness once azithromycin was used at the side of alternative medications to treat other viral respiratory infections. Azithromycin also has been used to treat bacterial infections in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. A lot of information is required before any conclusions may be made regarding the possible advantages and risks of using azithromycin either alone or together with hydroxychloroquine in patients with COVID-19. Amoxicillin Trihydrate may be a hydrate that's the Trihydrate type of amoxicillin; a semisynthetic antibiotic, used either alone or together with potassium clavulanate (under the name Augmentin) for treatment of a variety of bacterial infections. It’s a role as an antibacterial drug and an antimicrobial agent. It contains an amoxicillin. Manufacturing Process The manufacturing process of Paracetamol is summarized in the following steps: -charge acetic acid to the reactor. -add p-nitro phenol as a starting material and iron powder as catalyst. -Heat to temp 80-90 ºC. -The reaction is exothermic and temp will rise to 130 ºC. -After slight cooling -Reflux the reaction at 118ºC for 3-4 hours. -Cool to 60 ºC. -Add methanol to the reaction. -Reflux for 1 hour. -distill the methanol and recycle. -Add water to the obtained cake. -And make a solution -Add activated carbon. -Filter -Dry the cake. -Pulverize the dry cake to get the Paracetamol fine powder. Applications:- Communicable Diseases Oncology Diabetes Cardiovascular Diseases Pain Management Respiratory Diseases Other Therapeutic Applications Role of Government towards API The coronavirus outbreak disrupting supply of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and medical devices from China to India, the government has come out with four schemes worth Rs 13,760 crore to encourage manufacturing of bulk drugs and medical devices in the country and their exports. On March 21, the Union Cabinet under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved an expenditure of Rs. 9,940 crore and Rs. 3,820 crore for APIs and medical devices, respectively. The Cabinet also approved a scheme on promotion of bulk drug parks for financing common infrastructure facilities in three bulk drug parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. The government will give grants-in-aid to states with a maximum limit of Rs. 1,000 crore per bulk Drug Park. Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power and steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. The government further approved production linked incentive (PLI) scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/drug intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs. 6,940 crore for next eight years. Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. Rate of incentive will be 20 per cent (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10 per cent for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. The PLI scheme will lead to expected incremental sales of Rs. 46,400 crore and significant additional employment generation over eight years. The drug industry has welcomed the incentives offered by the government to promote API units in India. Besides APIs, the Cabinet also approved the scheme for promotion of medical device parks in the country in partnership with the states. A maximum grant-in-aid of Rs. 100 crore per park will be provided to the states. It will have financial implications of Rs. 400 crore. The PLI scheme for promoting domestic manufacturing of medical devices will have financial implications of Rs. 3,420 crore for next five years. Medical device is a growing sector and its potential for growth is the highest among all sectors in the healthcare market. It is valued at Rs. 50,026 crore for 2018-19 and is expected to reach to Rs. 86,840 crore by 2021-22. India depends on imports up to an extent of 85 per cent of total domestic demand of medical devices. Union Cabinet scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • The scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks for financing Common Infrastructure Facilities in 3 Bulk Drug Parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/Drug Intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs6,940 crore for next eight years. Details: Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • Decision is to develop 3 mega Bulk Drug parks in India in partnership with States. • Government of India will give Grants-in-Aid to States with a maximum limit of Rs. 1000 Crore per Bulk Drug Park. • Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power & steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. • A sum of Rs. 3,000 crore has been approved for this scheme for next 5 years. Production Linked Incentive Scheme • Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. • Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • Rate of incentive will be 20 % (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10% for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • A sum of Rs. 6,940 crore has been approved for next 8 years. Market Outlook Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient Market is valued at USD 172.69 Billion in 2018 and expected to reach USD 263.80 Billion by 2025 with the CAGR of 6.24% over the forecast period. The increasing incidence of chronic diseases, growing importance of generics, and the increasing uptake of biopharmaceuticals are some of the major factors driving the growth of the global APIs market. On the other hand, the unfavorable drug price control policies across various countries and the increasing penetration of counterfeit drugs are expected to restrain the growth of this market in the coming years. Related Projects: - Pharmaceutical, Drugs, Fine Chemicals, Bulk Drug Intermediates Drugs and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. In 2019, the prescribed drugs segment is expected to account for the most important share of the APIs market. The demand for drugs falling under this class has increased significantly in recent years because of the rising prevalence of target diseases. Additionally, the most important share of the prescription drugs segment also can be attributed to the increased focus of innovator corporations on the development of specialty drugs and affordability of health care. The implementation of significant federal reforms to improve the affordability of healthcare, especially in the, us has expanded the consumption of each traditional and specialty medicine. Also, inflation has played a key role in enhancing revenue from the sales of prescription drugs, significantly specialty drugs. All these factors are collectively responsible for the large share of this phase. Based on the kind of drug, the APIs market can be classified into two segments prescribed. Manufacturer Insights On the basis of type of manufacturer, the API market has been segmented into merchant and captive APIs. Captive API command the most important share in 2019 because of simple availability of raw materials and intensive capitalization of major key players for the development of high-end manufacturing facilities. API is calculable to be the fastest-growing segment over the forecast period. The segment growth is driven by factors similar to high cost of in-house manufacturing of those molecules and rising demand for biopharmaceuticals. Related Videos: - Pharmaceutical, Drugs, Fine Chemicals, Bulk Drug Intermediates, Pharmaceutical Drugs, Pharma Drug Ingredients Intermediates, Pharmaceutical Bulk Drugs Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (APIs) are portions of any drugs that are biologically active in nature. The APIs have significant use in the manufacturing of effective and safe medicines. Depending on the drug’s administered dosage, the reactions and results take issue according to the requirement and use for specific treatment of diseases. Sure medicine are contained of over one kind of API. medicine are chosen primarily for his or her active ingredients to treat variety of chronic and infectious diseases similar to diabetes, cancer, arthritis, bone & joint infections, pneumonia, otitis, streptococcal pharyngitis, cellulites, and tract infections. However, the standard will vary widely from one whole to a different. Medicine are chosen primarily from active ingredients within the liquid or solid form like tablet or alternative throughout. Global Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient Market Dynamics The key issue for growth of worldwide Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient market is that the rise of demand for the new drug discovery for treatment of various chronic and infectious diseases like HIV, cancer, arthritis, bone & joint infections, hepatitis-B, Aids etc. across the world. According to WHO in 2018, the worldwide cancer burden has up to 18.1 million new cases as well as 9.6 million deaths across the world. Because of such rise within the cases of cancer, the new drugs discovery using the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient has become essential. Recently in line with the American Chemical Society in 2019, there has been 48 new drugs has been approved by the fad U.S. out of that 11 for new cancer treatments with the innovative molecular pharmaceutical ingredients. However, the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient market is hampered by would like for prime investment with huge capital demand for research and developments. Moreover rising health cautiousness among the people with technological advancement immense investment for launching of recent drugs and biological products, acquisitions, collaborations, and regional growth can provide huge opportunity for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient market. For instance in 2019, Raquel has been acquired by Merck & Co. for roughly around USD 2.7 billion in cash, for making cancer drug using Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient with the most recent small-molecule-focused. Expansion of Manufacturing Facilities Creating Lucrative Opportunities for Market Growth Majority of specialty API companies are increasing their manufacturing facilities for specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) to take care of or gain market share. Substantial investments within the growth of approved specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) is one in all the most important factors among key players in the specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) market. For instance, in early 2020, Wuxi STA opened oligonucleotide API manufacturing facility in Changzhou, China to cope up with the increasing demand. In 2018, Cordon Pharma expanded operations with new commercial oligonucleotide active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) manufacturing capabilities at its FDA inspected Colorado facility. The emergence of COVID-19 has brought the world to a standstill. We perceive that this health crisis has brought an unprecedented impact on businesses across industries. However, this too shall pass. Rising support from governments and several companies will help within the fight against this highly contagious disease. There are some industries that are struggling and some are thriving. Overall, almost each sector is anticipated to be impacted by the pandemic. Focus on healthcare to drive the active pharmaceutical ingredients market The spending on healthcare has grown at a rapid pace in recent years and it increased at a CAGR of 6.92% between the years 2003 and 2013. The healthcare spending growth was significantly higher than the population growth rate that grew at a CAGR of 1.22% for the same period. The per capita healthcare spending rose from just under US$ 600 in 2003 to above US$ 1000 in 2013, at an average CAGR of 5.62%. The focus on healthcare spending was observed to be a global phenomenon and this directly benefited the active pharmaceutical ingredients market. Related Videos: - Active Pharma Ingredients (API) - Global Market Estimated to Reach US$ 21.9 billion by 2023 Investment Opportunities in API Bulk Drugs & Intermediates Manufacturing Unit Production of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen), bulk pharmaceutical active ingredient Investment Opportunities in APIs KSMs Drug Intermediates Bulk Drug Industries Manufacturing Business Ideas in Pharmaceutical Industry Key Players Pfizer, Inc. (US), Novartis AG (Switzerland), Sanofi (France), Boehringer Ingelheim (Germany), Bristol-Myers Squibb (US), Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. (Israel), Eli Lilly and Company (US), GlaxoSmithKline plc (UK), Merck & Co., Inc. (US), AbbVie Inc. (US), F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. (Switzerland), and AstraZeneca plc (UK). Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. Tags:- #Activepharmaingredients #pharmaingredients #IndianPharma #medicineingredients #paracetamolingredients #amoxicillinTrihydrate #Azithromycin #COVID19 #Paracetamol #coronavirus #CoronavirusBusiness #COVID2019 #CaronaBUSINESS #lockdownbusiness #businessinlockdown #coronavirusbusiness #Entrepreneurs #covid19business #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #industrialproject #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #startupideas #startupbusinesswithnomoney #businessstartupindia #API
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Manufacturing of Disposable Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Kit.

Manufacturing of Disposable Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Kit. Start Your Own Business With Huge Profits. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is equipment that will protect the user against health or safety risks at work. It can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE). PPE isn’t just limited to work, PPE is also used in sports and other recreational activities. These items include swimming goggles, football shin pads and rugby scrum caps. The purpose of PPE is to remove or reduce health and safety risks by imposing a barrier between the wearer and the potential risk. For example, an FFP3V Moulded Disposable Respirator will provide a barrier against very fine dust and mists to protect the wearer from the potential negative health impacts of breathing in dust such as crystalline silica, which can cause multiple lung diseases including silicosis. Related Videos: - Setting Up a Hospital in India. Investment Opportunity in Healthcare Industry. Protecting ourselves so that we can continue to help others, is a priority for health care providers around the world. This includes being conscious and up to date with infection prevention and control measures and the appropriate implementation of personal protective equipment (PPE), hand hygiene and waste management of potentially harmful materials. Why is PPE important? Health and safety risks cannot always be completely removed through other methods. There will always be jobs and tasks that have an element of risk to them, however, PPE can be used to reduce these risks to a reasonable and manageable level, and sometimes even completely remove them. Related Videos: - Setting Up a Hospital. Healthcare Business Ideas in Medical Sector Some tasks that would otherwise be completely unreasonable to complete can be made acceptable through the use of PPE. For example, using extremely loud machinery can significantly damage a person’s hearing. Exposure to noise levels of 110dB for more than 1 minute risks permanent hearing loss. Hearing protection can be used to make using loud equipment possible. Related Videos: - Business Opportunities in Health Care Sector for New Business Venture There is personal protective equipment which protects the individual from physical harm, such as blows to the body, bullets or headgear that prevents damage due to falling objects. There is respiratory personal protective equipment such as face masks and respirators, used to prevent exposure to substances like asbestos and dust or from pathogens such as anthrax and other pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Protective equipment can also extend to protective eyewear that can be used to protect the eyes from chemical splashes or solid objects, like dust particles. Ear protection also qualifies as PPE as does latex gloves, used in the scientific and medical industry to provide sterile exposure to patients or to keep pathogens from spreading via the hands. Types of PPE The types of PPE commonly used at facilities Include: • Safety glasses. • Chemical gloves. • Leather work gloves. • Safety goggles. • Chemical apron. • Hearing protection. • Hard hat. Related Books: - Disposable Products (Medical, Surgical, Thermocol, Plastic, Paper, Domestic And General Products) Market Outlook Besides the need for PPE for healthcare professionals focusing on developing a vaccine for the lethal virus, there is also an urgent need for protective equipment manufacturers to develop and introduce safer and more cost-effective products in the market. Among the types of personal protective equipment required for healthcare professionals dealing with coronavirus, four major types include isolation gowns, respirators, gloves, and face masks. Healthcare-related organizations and respective regulatory bodies are working toward improving the safety standards and awareness related to the effects of COVID-19 in their respective countries. Such efforts will fuel the demand for personal protective equipment and enhance the revenue growth of the global personal protective equipment market. Related Projects: - Healthcare and Medical Businesses The manufacturing segment involves several risky operations such as grading, excavating, trenching, digging, boring, drilling, blasting, and concreting. In the manufacturing industry, personal protective equipment are used in production of chemicals, electronics, pulp & paper, metal fabrication, steel, wood, and glass, among others. Different types of personal protective equipment required in the manufacturing industry include hands & arm protection, eye & face protection, protective clothing, hearing protection, and head protection. The rapidly increasing number of COVID-19 cases globally has resulted in an insufficient supply of healthcare personal protective equipment, especially respirators and masks. In addition, the supply for protective clothing and face and eye protection used by healthcare professionals is likely to be exhausted owing to the increased demand for personal protective equipment. Related Videos: - Services Sector, Healthcare Industry, Hospitality Sector, Education Sector, Advertising and Automobile Workshop, Leisure and Entertainment Industry The disposable protective clothing market is expected to grow by USD 1.23 billion during 2020-2024. The number of people infected with COVID-19 has seen a surge in most of the countries including the US, Italy, Spain, France, the UK, Germany, and the Netherlands. This is driving the demand for disposable coverall, facemasks, and gloves, which is expected to fuel the growth of the disposable protective clothing market. Furthermore, all these patients along with healthcare workers and people all over the world are required to be provided by personal protective equipments as fast as possible to deal with this global pandemic. Moreover, the organization states that with the emergence of COVID-19 many other repercussions could prevail such as seroepidemiological problem, biological and clinical characteristics along with epidemiological issues of the virus and associated disease. Additionally, in order to combat this situation rapid development of personal protective equipment is extremely vital that is significantly contributing towards the growth of the global personal protective equipment market. Currently, India has about 15.96 lakh PPE kits in the centre-state buffer stock and orders for another 2.22 crore PPE kits have already been placed to domestic manufacturers. The Indian textile manufacturing industry came to the fore in this exercise, where they initially began with manufacturing of masks followed by complete PPE sets, including body coveralls, gloves, shoe covers, etc. The textile sector is gearing up to start producing these goods, which comes under the medical textiles segment, with a view to making India a hub for sourcing of PPE kits over the next few years. Production of PPE is proving to be a commercially viable product category and a savior in this time of crisis wherein economic uncertainties loom large owing to the effects of the nationwide lockdown. Related Videos: - Business Ideas after the Covid Breakdown Now, the domestic production of PPE in India is being currently pegged at about 4.5 lakh PPE kits per day. This mammoth growth has been achieved owing to domestic manufacturers who rose to the occasion and helped India attain a self-sufficient status in the production of PPE. Personal Protective Equipment in India: An INR 7,000 Cr industry in the making The COVID-19 pandemic is the defining global health crisis that the world is currently facing. The virus has spread all over the world, and the number of cases is rising every single day as governments work to slow its spread. The global response to the unfolding COVID-19 crisis saw countries implementing countrywide or partial lockdowns, the announcement of stimulus packages and relief measures to tackle the harsh economic impact of the pandemic. The virus also overwhelmed the global production capacity of PPE which is the most critical product to protect the front-line health workers and other responders. Surging demand for PPE kits along with disrupted global supply chain amid the Covid-19 pandemic was putting lives at risk. India moved quickly, implementing a nationwide lockdown with the goal of flattening the curve and using the time to plan resource responses, adequately. The Prime Minister assured the country that there are ample reserves of medicines, PPE kits, food and other essential goods. India realized the critical role of PPE in combating this pandemic as early as March, wherein the Ministry of Textiles stepped to lead the assessment of the availability of all protective wears for our frontline health workers. Related Projects: - Business Ideas after the Covid Breakdown What followed this, is a remarkable journey of collaboration between governments at the central and state levels, industries and workers to revamp existing production lines to manufacture a completely unknown product, from scratch. ? From 0, India now produces nearly 4.5 lakh PPE kits every single day. ? In 60 days, the PPE industry in India has witnessed 56 times growth. This is a testimony to the government of India’s concerted efforts of improving domestic manufacturing capacity on the back of its industrious manufacturing sector at such challenging times. Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) DRDO best known for its self-developed line of nuclear-capable missiles that has given India its strategic deterrence, reoriented itself to mobilize its existing skills and resources to create spin-off technologies to help in the production of critical products. With the support of the science fraternity, several products to combat the pandemic including ventilators, PPE kits, large area sanitization solutions and Covid-19 sample collection kiosks have been developed. PPE kits are sent to DRDO for testing by HLL Life care, which is the government’s nodal agency for medical procurement. Pressure testing of these kits are done at six different levels and only after passing such stringent quality tests, they are sent for distribution. The South Indian Textile Research Association (SITRA), Coimbatore SITRA is the centre of excellence for medical textiles at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Established in the year 1956, SITRA is governed by a council of administration consisting of member representatives of the industry, government and scientists. SITRA is sponsored by the industry and is supported by the Ministry of Textiles. SITRA spearheaded the testing for body coveralls as early as March by upgrading itself with PPE testing facility. Key Players 3M Co. (US), MSA Safety Inc. (US), Ansell Limited (US), Honeywell International Inc. (US), E I du Pont de Nemours and Co. (US), Kimberly-Clark Corporation (US), Lakeland Industries, Inc. (US), Alpha Pro Tech, Ltd. (Canada), Sioen Industries NV (Belgium), and Radians, Inc. (US), Tags:- #PersonalProtectiveEquipment #PPE #CoronavirusBusiness #COVID2019 #caronavirrus #CaronaBUSINESS #lockdownbusiness #COVID #businessinlockdown #coronavirusbusiness #Entrepreneurs #covid19business #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #industrialproject #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #startupideas #startupbusinesswithnomoney #businessstartupindia
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Open a Skill Development Training Centre

Open a Skill Development Training Centre. Profitable Investment in Educational Sector. Skills and knowledge are the driving forces of economic process and social development of any country. They need become even a lot of necessary given the increasing pace of economic process and technological changes give each challenges that's taking place within the world. Countries with higher and higher levels of skills adjust a lot of effectively to the challenges and opportunities of globalization. Skill development refers to the identification of skill gaps and developing the present skills to enable a person to achieve his/her goals. This generation lacks the necessary skills and there's a large gap between the skills existing in a person and therefore the skills demanded by the business. Related Videos: - Setting up of Educational Institutes The skills development centers are launched so as to bring down the unemployment and harness the creative energies of the youth therefore creating them self-sufficient. With the assistance of modern technology beauty and wellness skills, knowledge entry operational, operating sewing machines, mobile repair and phulkari (embroidery) skills would be taught at these centers. Need for Skill Development Livelihood opportunities are affected by supply and demand side issues. On the supply side, India is failing to create enough job opportunities; and on the demand side, professionals entering the job market are lacking in skill sets. This is resulting in a scenario of rising unemployment rates along with low employability. ? Job Creation ? Youth Skilling ? Demand for Skilled Workforce Related Books: - Education Business, Educational Institution, Engineering, Dental, ITI, Management, Marine Engineering, Medical, Pharmacy, Polytechnic College And Schools The Role of Government Policies and Programs for Skill Development in India Skills and knowledge are driving forces of economic growth and social development in any country. Countries with higher levels and higher standards of skills modify a lot of effectively to the challenges and opportunities in domestic and international job markets. The country, however, has a huge challenge ahead because it is estimated that only 14.69 p.c of the whole workforce in India has undergone formal skill coaching. As India moves progressively towards becoming a 'Knowledge Economy' it becomes increasingly necessary that the Eleventh plan ought to focus on advancement of skills and these skills need to be relevant to the emerging economic environment. The government has come upon the ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship with an enabling framework to facilitate job creation and entrepreneurship through varied policies and programs. so as to make a pool of skilled personnel in appropriate numbers with adequate skills in line with the utilization requirements across the whole economy with particular emphasis on the targeted high economic growth, high employment sectors, the Govt can set up an SDM consisting of an agglomeration of program and appropriate structures aimed at enhancing training opportunities of recent entrants to the labor force from the existing 2.5 million within the non-agricultural sector to 10 million each year to provide within a five-to eight-year time frame, a pool of trained and mean workforce, sufficient to meet the domestic requirements of a rapidly growing economy, with surpluses to cater to the skill deficits in 70 talent india and women empowerment different ageing economies, thereby effectively investment India's competitive advantage and harnessing India's demographic dividend. the Government's policies and programs in skill development and also analyzed achievement and target of skill India development that play an awfully important role for enhancing the productivity of labor still as economic growth in India. Objectives of National Policy on Skill Development The objectives of the national policy on skill development are to: a) Create opportunities for all to acquire skills throughout life, and especially for youth, women and disadvantaged groups. b) Promote commitment by all stakeholders to own skill development initiatives. c) Develop a high-quality skilled workforce/entrepreneur relevant to current and emerging employment market needs. d) Enable the establishment of flexible delivery mechanisms that respond to the characteristics of a wide range of needs of stakeholders. e) Enable effective coordination between different ministries, the Centre and the States and public and private providers. Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship A Department of skill Development and Entrepreneurship was created under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in July, 2014 and was subsequently upgraded to full-fledged ministry in November 2014.The role of the Ministry involves coordinating and evolving skill development frameworks, mapping of existing skills and certification, industry-institute linkages among others. Human Resource and skill requirement reports across 24 sectors were ready that serve as a baseline for all skill development initiatives. The Ministry works primarily through the National skill Development Corporation (NSDC), National skill Development Agency (NSDA), and therefore the directorate of training (DT). Related Projects: - Setting up of Educational Institutes, New Colleges, University, School and Institutions Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) Approved for another four years (2016-2020) to benefit 10 million youth:- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government. Key Components of the Scheme:- 1. Short Term Training The Short Term training imparted at PMKVY training Centers (TCs) is expected to profit candidates of Indian position who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Aside from providing training in keeping with the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, financial and Digital skill. Related Videos: - Profitable Business Ideas in Education Sector. Project Opportunities in Education Industry Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours. Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement help by training Partners (TPs). Under PMKVY, the whole training and assessment fees are paid by the govt. Payouts shall be provided to the TPs in alignment with the Common Norms. Trainings imparted underneath the Short Term Training component of the scheme shall be NSQF Level five and below. 2. Recognition of Prior Learning Individuals with previous learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the popularity of previous Learning (RPL) component of the scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated work force of the country to the NSQF. Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), similar to Sector skill Councils (SSCs) or the other agencies designated by MSDE/NSDC, shall be incentivized to implement RPL projects in any of the three Project types (RPL Camps, RPL at Employers Premises and RPL centers). To address knowledge gaps, PIAs could provide Bridge Courses to RPL candidates. Related Videos: - How to Start Profitable Education Business (Engineering College, Dental College, Management College) 3. Special Projects The Special projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform which will facilitate trainings in special areas and/or premises of government bodies, Corporates or business bodies, and trainings in special job roles not outlined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National occupational Standards (NOSs). Special projects are projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short Term training under PMKVY for any stakeholder. A proposing stakeholder will be either Government institutions of Central or State Government(s)/Autonomous Body/Statutory Body or the other equivalent body or corporates who need to supply training to candidates. 4. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela Social and community mobilization is extremely crucial for the success of PMKVY. Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability, and helps in investing the cumulative information of the community for better functioning. In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilization process. TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas each six months with press/media coverage; they're also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities. 5. Placement Guidelines PMKVY envisages to link the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the skilled workforce it creates with employment opportunities and demands within the market. Each effort thereby needs to be made by the PMKVY TCs to provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified under the scheme. TPs shall also give support to entrepreneurship development. Related Videos: - Business Ideas in Services Sector, Hospitality Sector, Education Sector, Healthcare Industry 6. Monitoring Guidelines To ensure that top standards of quality are maintained by PMKVY TCs, NSDC and empaneled scrutiny Agencies shall use varied methodologies, similar to self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the abilities Development Management System (SDMS). These methodologies shall be increased with the engagement of latest technologies. The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). Related Books: - Education Business, Educational Institution, Engineering, Dental, ITI, Management, Marine Engineering, Medical, Pharmacy, Polytechnic College And Schools Market Outlook India is one of the youngest nations in the world with more than 54% of the total population below 25 years of age. India’s workforce is the second largest in the world after China’s. While China’s demographic dividend is expected to start tapering off by 2015, India will continue to enjoy it till 2040. However, India’s formally skilled workforce is approximately 2% - which is dismally low compared to China (47%), Japan (80%) or South Korea (96%).To leverage our demographic dividend more substantially and meaningfully, the Government launched the “Skill India” campaign along with “Make in India”. In this brief, we look at the Skill Development ecosystem in India - the need for Skill Development, initiatives taken by the Government and schemes introduced for skill government by the present government. Alongside the daunting challenge of skilling a lot of youth coming into workforce every month, India also faces a large challenge of evolving a skill development system that can equip the workforce adequately to fulfill the requirements of the business. The workforce has to be trained across four levels, from the high finish specialized skills for ‘White Collar’ jobs to the low-level skills of the ‘Rust Collar’ jobs. Moreover, these skills have to be adequately linked to the on the market job opportunities. Several factors have inhibited the skill development eco-system in India to scale up to the desired levels. The skill development system in India is plagued with multiple issues related to awareness, perception, cost, quality and scale. Related Videos: - Indian Colleges, Universities & Educational Institutions, Directory Database List In terms of infrastructure, the institutes often lack appropriate machinery to give students hands-on training. Even the course curricula often are outdated, redundant and non-standardized. Additionally, the lack of industry-faculty interaction on course curricula leads to irrelevant training modules. The availability of good quality trainers is also a key concern. The quality of trainers is affected due to limited efforts towards re-training and skill improvement of trainers. There is a lack of focus on development of trainers with a clear career path which can make this an aspirational career choice and can ensure regular adequate supply of good-quality trainers in every sector. Related Videos: - Industrial Training Institute (I.T.I.), Industrial Training Centers Detailed Project Report Government of India is keen to bridge the global shortage of labor force in the coming years by reaping the demographic dividend of young Indian labor force. To meet this objective, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship under the “Skill India” Mission has set up India International Skill Centre (IISC) to provide skill trainings and certification benchmarked to International Standards. One of the major focus area of the Skill India Mission is to prepare our youth for opportunities of employment in the global markets. Related Videos: - List of Indian Schools Directory, Database List of Sector Skill Councils Take a quick tour of the existing and upcoming Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) in India: ? Automotive Skills Development Council (ASDC) ? Agriculture Skill Council of India (ASCI) ? Banking and Finance Sector of India (BFSI) ? Gem & Jewellery Skill Council of India (GJSCI) ? Rubber Skill Development Council (RSDC) ? IT-ITeS Sector Skill Council ? Retail Association’s Sector Skill Council of India (RASCI) ? Media and Entertainment Skills Council (MESC) ? Tourism and hospitality Skill Council (THSC) ? Electronics Sector Skill Council of India (ESSCI) ? Telecom Sector Skill Council (TSSC) ? Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC) ? Food Industry Capacity and Skill Initiative (FICSI) ? Logistics Skills Council (LSC) ? India Plumbing Skills Council (IPSC) ? Capital Goods Skill Council ? Construction Sector Skill Council ? Life Sciences Sector Skill Development Council ? Iron and Steel Sector Skill Council ? Power Sector Skill Council ? Skill Council for Mining Sector ? Textile Sector Skill Council ? Apparel made ups and home furnishing sector skills council ? Beauty and wellness sector skills council ? Handicrafts and Carpet Sector Skills Council ? Green jobs sector skills council ? Domestic Workers Sector Skills Council of India ? Furniture and fittings skills council ? Instrumentation Automation Skills Council ? Coating and Painting Sector Skills Council ? Strategic Manufacturing Skills Council ? Aerospace and Aviation Sector Skill Council (AASSC) ? Sports Sector Skills Council ? Entrepreneurship, Management Services and Training Sector Skill Council ? Hydro Carbon Sector Skill Council (Oil and Gas) ? PwD sector skills council Tags:- #SkillDevelopmentCentre #educationsector #educationsectorbusiness #servicesector #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #entrepreneurship #futurebusiness #PreFeasibilityandFeasibilityStudy #businessfeasibilityreport #startupbusiness #growyourbusiness #InvestmentOpportunities #EducationIndustry #educationalservices #SkillDevelopmentTraining #SkillDevelopment #TrainingCentre #Startup #futurebusiness #startupbusinesswithnomoney #startupbusinessideas #NPCS #businessbook #technologybook #technicalbook
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2nd Revised Edition of The Complete Book on Printing Technology

2nd Revised Edition of The Complete Book on Printing Technology With Process Flow Diagrams, Plant Layouts and Machinery Details (Offset, Gravure, Flexographic, Security, Web Offset and Pad Printing) Today printing technology could be a part of our daily life. It’s all around us. The history and origin of printing technology are discussed within the book. Mass communication will learn about the different types of printing and typography in this book. The book will make a comparison between traditional Printing VS modern Typography Printing may be a process to provide an image or text by applying totally different methods like inked sort, blocks, plates, etc. Printing Technology is one of the sector in engineering courses that deals with press operations, design and creation. At present, printing technology is non-impact and mostly makes use of computers. Related Projects:- Packaging Industry, Beverage Can, Bottles, Blister Packs, Carton, Bags, Plastic Bottles, Skin Pack, Tin Can, Boxes, Shrink Wrap, Barrel, Crate, Aseptic, Container, Active, Flexible, Rigid Plastic, Metal, Flexible, Glass, Paper Board, Food, Beverage Printing could be a process for production of texts and images, usually with ink on paper using a printing press. It often carried out as a large-scale industrial process, and is an essential a part of publishing and transaction printing. The art and science of constructing a large number of duplicate reproductions of an original copy is termed as printing. It should be defined because the art of conserving all different arts. Printing is the medium for printed communication. Printing Technology is that the combination of various skills like scientific, technical & artistic. It’s a section of the mass communication process that involves various skills like technical skills holds prime importance. Related Projects: - Packaging, Holograms, Printing, Publishing, Screen Printing and DTP Projects For every newspaper, book, or different printed product, there's a production crew laboring behind the scenes, from printing press operators to shop staff. As a printing technology major, you’ll learn the skills necessary to plan, prepare, and complete print jobs, from assembling film to operational printing equipment to cutting and collating the finished product. This can be the age of hi-fi, jets and computers. Speedy advancements in science and technology have created their impact on the printing business of the globe too. The previous techniques of printing have become obsolete and created manner for the new technology. The book contains the latest printing processes like web, gravure, flexo, security and offset printing. Printing Processes With Uses:- There is a wide variety of technologies that are used to print stuff. The main ones are: Offset – the full name of this process is offset lithography. It’s the foremost widely used printing technique on the market, appropriate for printing on paper, cardboard, plastic and different flat materials. Offset is used for printing books, newspaper, stationery, packaging, etc. Related Books: - Printing Technology Flexo – In flexography flexible (typically rubber) printing plate is used, that extends vary of substrates that can be printed on. Plastics, metals, cellophane and different materials will be printed on. Flexo is mainly used for packaging and labels and to a lesser extent also for newspapers. Related Books: - Dyes, Electroplating, Metal Treatment, Paints, Pigments, Plastics Digital printing – a number of different printing technologies such as inkjet and xerography are often referred to as digital printing. These are the most recent processes and in and of itself, they are gradually replacing different processes. They also supply new possibilities love variable data printing, in which every printed copy is totally different from the previous one. Screen printing – This printing technique will handle a large range of materials and therefore the printing surface does not have to be perfectly flat. Printing t-shirts or glass surfaces or on wood are a number of the possibilities. Gravure – conjointly known as rotogravure, this is often a way during which an image is engraved into a printing cylinder. That cylinder is inked and this ink after transfers to the paper. Gravure is used for high volume work similar to newspapers, magazines, and packaging. Related Videos: - Modern Printing Technology About the Book Printing may be a process for reproducing text and image, usually with ink on paper using a printing press. It’s often carried out as a large-scale process, and is an important a part of publishing and transaction printing. Printing technology market is growing, because of technological proliferation besides increasing applications of commercial printing across finish users. Related Videos: - Printing Technology (Offset, Flexo, Gravure, Screen, Digital, 3D Printing) In India, the marketplace for printing technology is at its nascent stage; but offers large growth opportunities within the coming back years. The most important factors boosting the growth of offset printing press market are the growth of packaging business across the globe, increasing demand in graphic applications, the wide range of application in various business, and industrialization. Related Videos: - Screen Printing Technology (Screen Printing Frames, Screen Printing Press, Surfaces Printing) The offset printing press market is projected to register healthy growth because of new and advanced technologies are driving the introduction of latest product lined of offset printing press from large and medium manufacturers that responsible to register high productivity of offset printing press, and offers better user experience to the end-users and also reduce operational costs. Related Videos: - Woollen Spinning, Weaving, Knitting, Dyeing, Bleaching and Printing Technology Printing market worldwide is projected to grow by US$8.3 Billion, driven by a compounded growth of 4.6%. Aqueous, one of the segments analyzed and sized in this study, displays the potential to grow at over 4.2%. The shifting dynamics supporting this growth makes it critical for businesses in this space to keep abreast of the changing pulse of the market. Poised to reach over US$4.8 Billion by the year 2025. Related Books: - Packaging Industry, Beverage Can, Bottles The commercial printing market is poised for remarkable growth over the next 5 years. Technological proliferation, alongside rising applications, is anticipated to encourage the demand globally. Further, the necessity for short production for a wide range of applications is increasing rapidly for commercially printed materials, such as books, direct mail, brochures, and catalogs. Related Videos: - Manufacturing of Printing Inks with Formulation (Flexographic Inks, Offset Printing Inks) As an example, in direct mail, the conventional practice was to send the exact same message to many customers. It’s expected that 72% of corporations utilize direct mail campaigns. Direct mail campaigns are relatively inexpensive and are a great manner for companies to keep their image and services within the public eye. This aspect of printing is expected tic pated to continue an upward trend within the future. Hyperbolic demand for promotional materials from the retail, food, and food industries is driving the market. The commercial printing market is being driven majorly by several promotional activities similar to print advertising. Retail businesses that understand their target markets are as well as print advertising as a part of an overall marketing strategy. Related Videos: - Printing Press Business Ideas. Printing Business Ideas & Opportunities Introduction of eco-friendly practices, reducing the printing business’s impact on the environment drives the market. The market is experiencing major changes in activities and processes, similar to slowly being replaced by property systems. Several new initiatives are being enforced for printing industries by taking the most important environmental impacts into prime thought. Vegetable inks are environment-friendly ink made up of vegetable oils. though vegetable-based inks take an extended time to dry, such inks are thought of higher in terms of performance due to drastically reducing the amount of VOCs as these are prepared from the vegetable oils. These inks release about 2-4% VOC emission, that is very less comparatively solvent-based inks. Related Videos: - Printing & Writing Inks The packaging printing market is driven by factors similar to growth in demand for property printing, increasing demand for flexible packaging, cost-effectiveness, and reduced packaging waste. The growing aid business and therefore the popularity of using convenient packaging are major drivers of the packaging printing market. Rising markets, similar to the Asia Pacific region, have contributed to a rise within the application of packaging printing in packaging products. Packaging printing not being appropriate for significant items is that the strongest restraint for the business. Related Videos: - Printing Industry: One of the Biggest and Fastest Growing Sector in India This book is dedicated to the Printing business. During this book, the main points of printing methods and applications are given. The book throws light on the materials required for identical and therefore the various processes involved. This popular book has been organized to provide readers with a firmer grasp of however printing technologies are revolutionizing the business. Related Videos: - Start Your Own Printing Business. Offset, Gravure, Flexo and Screen Printing The major content of the book are the beginning of printing, the printing industry, sheet-fed offset printing, printing processing, offset press, modern printing process, pad printing application, gravure printing, net offset printing, the flexographic printing, security printing, process flow diagrams, layouts and photographs of machinery with supplier’s contact details. Related Videos: - Printing Inks Manufacturing Industry. Production of Inks with Formulation A total guide to manufacturing and entrepreneurial success in one in all today's most printing business. This book is one-stop guide to at least one of the fastest growing sectors of the printing business, where opportunities abound for manufacturers, retailers, and entrepreneurs. This can be the only complete handbook on the commercial production of printing products. It serves up a feast of how-to information, from concept to purchasing equipment. Related Videos: - Packaging and printing Industry CONTENTS 1. THE BEGINNING OF PRINTING Typographic Technology Hand composition Linotype Monotype Ludlow Photo-scanning systems Systems components Digital typesetting Scanning and laser systems Basic classification of typefaces Planning a Page Type Measurement 2. THE PRINTING INDUSTRY Introduction Development of Ideographs Development of Phonetic Symbols Printing Technology Sequence of Steps in the Printing Processes Size and Scope of the Printing Industry Commercial Printing Special Purpose Printing In-Plant Printing Preparing for a Career in Printing Career Advancement 3. SHEET-FED OFFSET PRINTING Names of the machines Mechanical features Functions of the blower foot Sheet insertion and transfer Gripper designs Inking system Distribution system Wash-up device Adjustment of rollers Maintenance of rollers Different dampening systems Conventional dampening system Cleaning of dampeners Brush feed dampening system Plate cylinder Blanket cylinder Impression cylinder Adjustment of cylinders Delivery mechanism Qualities of a good delivery system Attachments on the delivery part (board) Miscellaneous operations 4. PRINTING PROCESSING Printing Exposing 5. OFFSET PRESS Dampening Solutions Feeding & registering system The delivery system Mabeg feeder Sheet Detection Press Make ready, and Operation Feedboard setting Setting the sheet path Fitting the plate Ink preparation Multicolour printing The multicolour press The Perfector Press Infra-Red Drying on Web-Offset Offset printing Machines Business Form Production 6. MODERN PRINTING PROCESS Ink Zet Film Plotting Machine Computer to Plate Technology (CTP) Computer to Plate Scanners Digital Colour Presses & Computer to Press Making digital plate production cheaper The Digital Offset Color Revolution: E-Print 1000 Market forces Quality & Productivity Anilox Offset More Economical For Frequent Partial Editions with high Colour Content Waterless Anilox Offset Produce a complete newspaper by computer software 7. PAD PRINTING APPLICATION 8. GRAVURE PRINTING The Gravure Industry Basic Gravure Concepts Cylinder Construction and Preparation Copper Plating and Polishing Gravure Presswork Cylinder and Doctor Blade Considerations Impression Rollers Trends in Gravure 9. WEB OFFSET PRINTING Design of web machines Reel stand unit Main parts of printing unit Sequence of colours in printing Quality Control in Printing Dampening solution 10. THE FLEXOGRAPHIC PRINTING 11. SECURITY PRINTING Credit cards Caliper and dimensions Hologram Numbering with Micro Ink on Rotary Presses 12. PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS & LAYOUTS 13. PHOTOGRAPHS OF MACHINERY WITH SUPPLIER’S CONTACT DETAILS #printingtechnology #printing #offsetprinting #digitalprinting #PackagingMachinery #FlexoPrinting #GravurePrinting #flexographicprinting #weboffsetprinting #PadPrinting #TechnologyBook #Entrepreneurs #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #industrialproject #startupbusiness #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #startupideas #handbook #printingbook
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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2nd Revised Edition of The Complete Book on Onion & Garlic Cultivation with Processing

2nd Revised Edition of The Complete Book on Onion & Garlic Cultivation with Processing (Production of Onion Paste, Flakes, Powder & Garlic Paste, Powder, Flakes, Oil) Garlic could be a plant from the onion family that has a strong taste and smell and is used in cooking to feature flavor. Garlic is that the most significant crop in most of the Asian countries. It may be thought-about as an ideal food that has a large range of essential nutrients with several potential health advantages. Garlic is an excellent supply of metal, vitamin B6, and vitamin b1. Estimations are made supported global consumption of garlic. Related Projects: - Garlic and Garlic based Products Consumption of garlic as a food ingredient or extract prevents illnesses and improves immunity. The presence of active compounds in garlic reduces high blood pressure and prevents strokes and heart attacks. It also helps improve cholesterol levels and reduces the chance of cardiopathy. Moreover, the antioxidants in garlic facilitate prevent dementia and Alzheimer’s illness. Therefore, growing consumer awareness about these health advantages has increased the demand for garlic product similar to dehydrated garlic powder and garlic extracts. Related Books: - Agriculture, Agro Based, Bakery, Wood, Ice Cream, Chocolate Cereal Food Garlic is that the most significant crop in most of the Asian countries. Hence, Asia-Pacific holds a 91% share of the worldwide market, in terms of consumption of garlic. However, in recent years, there are instances of giant losses to the Chinese garlic sector, because of root diseases found in garlic. Related Projects: - Onion Processing and Value Added Products of Onion. Vegetables and Agriculture based Projects Garlic could be a crop widely grown for fresh market by many producers on a small scale for local markets and, particularly within the U.S., by a few large-scale producers for processing and fresh sales. About 1,000,000 hectares (2.5 million acres) of garlic manufacture about ten million metric tons of garlic globally every year, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Garlic is one of the most popular spices in the world. It’s rumored that in ancient Egypt, the staff who had to make the great pyramids were fed garlic daily, and therefore the Bible mentions that the Hebrews enjoyed their food with garlic. Garlic is also utilized in processing industries, because of high sales of pickles and curry product. It’s additionally widely utilized in herbal product pastes and medicines. The vegetable is additionally famous to be used as a flavoring agent in various cuisines. Onion is one in every of major bulb crop grown in India that presently attracting attention of all persons because of rise in prices. Each immature and mature bulbs are used as vegetable and condiment. The Onion is that the world’s leading news publication, offering highly acclaimed, universally revered coverage of breaking national, international, and local news events. Related Projects: - Food Processing and Agriculture Based Projects Onions not only provide flavor, they also offer important nutrients and health-promoting phytochemicals. It contains vitamin b and a trace of vitamin C and also traces of iron and calcium. As a culinary ingredient it adds to the taste and flavour during a wide range of food preparations and it's also used as a dish. So there's a steady increase within the demand for onion across the world. Related Videos: - Onion & Garlic Cultivation with Processing The onion, also referred to as the bulb onion or common onion, is used as a vegetable and is that the most widely cultivated species of the genus allium. Consumption of onions might prevent gastric ulcers by scavenging free radicals and by preventing growth of the ulcer forming microorganism, Helicobacter pylori. Onions are cultivated and used around the world. As a foodstuff they're usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savory dish, however also can be eaten raw or used to build pickles or chutneys. Our main export product are Dehydrated Red and White Onions in various forms like slices, flakes, kibbled, chopped, minced, granules and powder. Related Videos: - Onion Powder - Market Survey cum Detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Project Report About the Book Onion (Allium cepa L.) has been valued as a food and a medicinal plant since ancient times. It is also used indifferent forms of processed food, e.g. pickles, powder, paste, and ?akes, and it is known for its medicinal values. Garlic belongs to the genus Allium, which comprises of approximately 600 known species distributed over the whole northern hemisphere. Characteristic for Allium species are herbaceous, perennial bulbous plants with a typical leek odour. Related Videos: - Garlic Oil and Powder, Allium Sativum Oil, dehydrated garlic, Spices-Manufacturing Plant Onion and Garlic are the spice commodities used for flavoring the dishes. These are considered as valuable medicinal plants offer variety of medicinal properties. Onion & garlic are important commercial crops with versatile applications. The demand for the processed products is increasing day by day due to its convenience to handle and use. Onion & Garlic can be processed into a wide variety of products. As per the estimate, approximately 6.75% of the onion produced is being processed. Besides fulfilling the constant demand of domestic population, India exports 13 to 18 lakh tons of onion annually worth around Rs. 2200 Crores of foreign exchange revenue. Similarly in case of garlic, the production increased from 4.03 lakh tons to 12.26 lakh tons. Related Videos:- Agro-Food Processing Industries In the world market, the demand for onion and garlic product is increasing as they're hygiene and easy to handle, able to avoid wastage. There are smart prospects for these processed products to export to gulf countries and even Europe. Overall, world Garlic market continues to point a perceptible growth. After China, India is that the second largest producer of onion and enjoys 19% share of the worldwide onion production. Maharashtra and Karnataka are the chief onion manufacturing states in India and contribute close to about 45% of the whole production of onion in India. Production of onion in India is about 15m tones a year. Related Videos: - Garlic Processing Projects. Garlic and Garlic based Products Proper placement of onion & garlic product (like; onion pickle, onion chutney, onion paste, garlic oil, garlic paste, garlic powder, garlic flakes, onion flakes, onion powder) within the departmental stores, super markets, looking malls backed-up by publicity is that the key to success. It’s also possible to have tie-up with exclusive restaurants, star hotels, and renowned caterers for their regular requirements. Related Videos: - How to Make Onion Powder, Onions Powder Making, Onion Processing This handbook is designed for use by everyone engaged in the Onion & Garlic products manufacturing. Major contents of the book are Varieties of Onion, Onion Production, Onion Dehydration, Types of Garlic, Garlic Growing, Garlic Dehydration, Onion Pickle, Onion Chutney, Onion Paste, Garlic Oil, Garlic Paste, Garlic Powder, Garlic Flakes, Onion Flakes, Onion Powder, Pest Species and Pest Control of Garlic and Onion, Integrated Weed Management, Packaging, Product Advertising and Sales Promotion, Marketing, Plant & Machinery Photographs, Addresses of Plant & Machinery Suppliers, Sample Plant Layouts etc. Related Videos: - Cultivation, Growing, Processing and Extraction of Spice and Condiments It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, food technologists, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of Onion & Garlic products manufacturing. Related Videos: - Onion Processing and Value Added Products from Onion (Food Business) CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION OF ONION Nutrition per Serving of Onions Medicinal Value of Onion Effect Chemical Structure and Influences on Flavour Uses Culinary Uses Non-Culinary Uses Historical Use 2. VARIETIES OF ONION Yellow Onions or Brown Onions Red Onion White Onion Sweet Onions Green Onions or Scallions Pearl Onions Phytochemical Properties of Onion Health Benefits of Onion Cardiovascular Benefits Support for Bone and Connective Tissue Anti-Inflammatory Benefits Cancer Protection Other Health Benefits Diseases of Onion Damping-Off Purple Blotch (Alternaria Porri) Onion Smut Onion Smudge Black Mould Bacterial Brown Rot Onion Yellow Dwarf White Rot Neck Rot 3. ONION PRODUCTION Phases of Growth Vegetative Phase Bulbing Phase Blooming Phase Climatic Requirements Soil Site Selection and Planting Cultivars Onion Sets Irrigation Weed Control Pest Management Harvest Curing Storing 4. ONION DEHYDRATION Dehydrated Onion Onion Varieties Suitable for Dehydration Uses of Dehydrated Onions Dehydration Practices for Onion Solar Drying Convective Air Drying Fluidized Bed Drying Microwave Drying Infra Red Drying Vacuum Drying Freeze Drying Osmotic Dehydration Onion Dehydration Process Processing Steps Power Production and Energy Requirements 5. GARLIC – AN INTRODUCTION Uses Culinary Uses Spiritual and Religious Uses Historical Use Other Uses Properties of Garlic Chemical Structure 6. TYPES OF GARLIC 1. Softneck Garlic 2. Hardneck Garlic Diseases of Garlic Health Benefits of Garlic Cardiovascular Benefits Garlic and Cancer Anti-Inflammatory Benefits Across Body Systems Antibacterial and Antiviral Benefits Garlic and Blood Pressure Antioxidative Effects of Garlic 7. GARLIC GROWING Climate Land Preparation Soil/Nutrients Soil Fertility Planting Plant Development Mulching Irrigation and Labor Pest Management Weed Control Harvest and Storage Marketing 8. GARLIC DEHYDRATION Drying Methods of Drying 1. Hot Air Drying 2. Solar and Open Sun Drying Experimental Setup Design Raw Material and Sample Preparation Washing Drying Process Flow Chart of Dehydrated Garlic Equipment/Apparatus Used Measurement of Variables Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Air Velocity Solar Radiation Initial Moisture Content (IMC) Moisture Content during Drying Experiment Equilibrium Moisture Content (E.M.C.) Moisture Ratio (M.R.) Drying Rate (D.R.) Average Drying Rate (A.D.R.) Quality Evaluation of Dehydrated Garlic Rehydration Ratio, Coefficient of Rehydration Comparison between Solar and Open Sun Drying Freeze Drying Fluidized Bed Drying Dehydration Process Dehydration Process Flow Diagram Safety Precautions & Other Cares in Garlic Dehydration 9. ONION PICKLE Introduction Raw Material Onion Pickle Manufacturing Process Onion Pickle Process Flow Diagram 10. ONION CHUTNEY Introduction Manufacturing Process of Onion Chutney Process Flow of Onion Chutney 11. ONION PASTE Introduction Nutrition Information of Onion Paste Frozen Onion Paste Manufacturing Process of Onion Paste Process Flow of Onion Paste 12. GARLIC OIL Introduction Garlic Oil manufacturing Methods Manufacturing Process Removal of Undesired Material Washing of Bulbs Peeling Crushing of Bulbs A Steam Distillation a. Hydrodistillation b. Direct Steam Distillation Advantages of Direct Steam Distillation Disadvantage of Direct Steam Distillation Inspection and Analyzing Packing and Dispatching Heart Diseases Cholesterol Levels Process Flow Diagram Diabetes Bodily Aches and Pains Skin Problems & Other Infections Other Ailments 13. GARLIC PASTE Introduction Manufacturing Process of Garlic Paste Process Flow of Garlic Paste 14. GARLIC POWDER Introduction Uses of Garlic Powder Manufacturing Process of Garlic Powder Process Flow Diagram (Garlic Powder) 15. GARLIC FLAKES Introduction Manufacturing Process of Garlic Flakes 16. ONION FLAKES Introduction Properties of Onion Flakes Uses of Onion Flakes Manufacturing Process of Onion Flakes Plant & Machinery Required Raw Material Required 17. ONION POWDER Introduction Varieties of Onion Powder Chemical Specification Nutritional Information Uses of Onion Powder Meat Rubs Bloody Maty Drinks Spice Mixes Dressings Manufacturing Process of Onion Powder Process Flow Diagram Health Benefits of Onion Powder Low in Fat and Calories Potassium Magnesium Calcium Low in Sodium 18. PEST SPECIES AND PEST CONTROL OF GARLIC AND ONION (a) Indirect Pests of Garlic Removal of Scapes Weed Control Insects Onion Thrips Onion Maggot Armyworms Wireworms Nematodes Diseases Pink Root Botrytis Rust Viruses Pest Control Disease Management Onion and Garlic Damping Off Symptoms Management Cultural Methods Biological Method Chemical Methods Purple Blotch Symptoms Management (i) Cultural Methods (ii) Host Plant Resistance (iii) Biological Methods (iv) Chemical Methods Stemphylium Leaf Blight Symptoms Management Cultural Methods Host Plant Resistance Chemical Methods Colletotrichum Blight/Anthracnose/Twister Disease Symptoms Management Cultural Methods Host Plant Resistance Chemical Methods Fusarium Basal Rot/Basal Plate Rot (Fusarium Oxysporum F.sp Cepaae). Symptoms Management Cultural Methods Host Plant Resistance Biological Methods Chemical Methods White Rot (Sclerotium cepivorum Berk) Symptoms Management Cultural Methods Biological Methods Chemical Methods Pink Root (Phoma (Pyrenochaeta) Terrestris, Fusarium Solani) Symptoms Management Host Resistance Cultural Methods Chemical Methods Black Mold (Aspergillus Niger Van Tieghem. A. Fumigatus (Green Mold) and A Alliaceus) Symptoms Management Cultural Methods Chemical Methods Bacterial Rots Symptoms Management Viral Diseases (Transmitted by Various Aphid Species or Mechanically to Onion) (i) Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus Symptoms Management (ii) Iris Yellow Spot Virus Symptoms Management Onion and Garlic Thrips Management Cultural Planting Date Mulching Irrigation Barriers Biological Control Plant Resistance Botanicals Chemical Maggot (Delia Antique) Symptoms: Pest Management Cultural Chemical Control Army Worms (Spodoptera Exiguo, S.litura) and Helicoverpa Armigera Hubner Pest Management Bulb Mite (Rhizoglyphus Robini Claparede) Management Eriophyid Mite (Aceria Tulipae Keifer) Management Red Spider Mite (Tetranychus Cinnabarinus) Management 19. INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT Weed Characteristics Monitoring Herbicides Preventing Weeds Crop Rotation Cover Crops Cover Crop Residues as Mulch. Cover Crops as Living Mulch. Stale Seedbed Preparation Soil Solarization Sanitation and Composting Weed Problems Yellow Sweetclover and White Sweetclover. Seedling Mature Plant Nutsedge Seedling Young Plant Mature Plant Annual Bluegrass Collar Mature Plant Dodder Seedling Mature Plant Seeds 20. BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Objectives Quality Policy Product Certification Process of Setting Standards Indian Standards for Onion Indian Standards for Garlic 21. THE NATIONAL BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY AND FOOD STANDARDS (ACFS) Mission Responsibilities Structure Notification of the National Committee on Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards Thai Agricultural Standard Garlic 1. Scope 2. Quality 3. Sizing 4. Tolerances 5. Packing and Presentation 6, Marking and Labelling 7. Contaminants 8. Pesticide Residues 9. Hygiene 10. Methods of Analysis and Sampling Annex A: Garlic Illustration Annex B: Unit 22. PACKAGING Packaging, Flexible Introduction Forms of Flexible Packaging Manufacturing Techniques Uses and Types of Flexible Packaging Industrial Packaging Metal Cans Raw Materials for Can-Making Steel Aluminium Can-Making Processes Two-Piece Cans (Drawn Cans) Single Drawn Cans Drawn and Redrawn Cans (DRD) Drawn and Wall-Ironed (DWI) Cans Drawn and Ironed Cans (DI) Three-Piece Cans End-Making Processes Coatings, Film Laminates and Inks Container Handling Storage and Distribution Glass Containers Attributes of Food Packaged in Glass Containers Glass and Glass Container Manufacture Melting Container Forming Design Parameters Surface Treatments Hot End Treatment Cold End Treatment Low-Cost Production Tooling Container Inspection and Quality Thermal Processing of Glass Packaged Foods Glass Pack Design and Specification Concept and Bottle Design 23. PRODUCT ADVERTISING AND SALES PROMOTION Advertising Advertising Mediums Sales Promotion Objectives of Sales Promotion Different Chennels for Sales Promotions 1. Consumer Promotions 2. Trade Promotions 24. MARKETING Functions of Marketing Promotional Techniques The Product Concept Some Characteristics of Market Segmentation Organization for New-Product Development Developing New Products Planned Obsolescence Product Line Relationships Product Features The Sales Process 25. PLANT & MACHINERY PHOTOGRAPHS 26. ADDRESSES OF PLANT & MACHINERY SUPPLIERS 27. SAMPLE PLANT LAYOUTS Tags: - #oniongarlic #naturalagricultural #onioncultivation #onionmarket #Agribusiness #garlicpaste #onionpaste #Flakes #powdergarlic #Powder #garlicpowder #OnionPowder #Oil #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #industrialproject #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #startupideas #businessstartupindia #startupbusinesswithnomoney #garlicpaste #GarlicCultivation #GarlicFarming #GarlicGrowing #OnionCultivation #Agriculture #GarlicOil #OnionOil #dehydratedonion #onionflakes #dehydratedgarlic #garlicflakes #DehydratedOnion #vegetables #foodprocessing
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Red Oxide Primer

A primer is a preparatory coating put on materials before painting. Priming ensures better adhesion of paint to the surface, increases paint durability, and provides additional protection for the material being painted. A primer designed for metal is still highly recommended if a part is to be exposed to moisture. Once water seeps through to the bare metal, oxidation will begin (plain steel will simply rust). Metal hydroxides/oxides do not provide a solid surface for the paint to adhere to, and paint will come off in large flakes. Using a primer will provide extra insurance against such a scenario. Primer is a term used to describe a number of substances that consist of a Red Oxide suspended in a liquid or paste vehicle such as oil or water. With a brush, a roller, or a spray gun, primer is applied in a thin coat to various surfaces such as wood, metal, or stone. Although it’s primary purpose is to protect the surface to which it is applied. Red oxide primer is a specially formulated coating used as a base coat for ferrous metals. Red-oxide primer serves a similar purpose to interior wall primers in that it prepares metal for a topcoat, but it also gives iron and steel surfaces a layer of protection. A primer is composed of Red Oxide, solvents, resins, and various additives. The pigments give the primer color; solvents make it easier to apply; resins help it dry; and additives serve as everything from fillers to anti fungicidal agents. Other additives produce certain desired characteristics. in primer such as the thixotropic agents that give primer its smooth texture, driers, anti-settling agents, anti-skinning agents, defoamers, and a host of others that enable primer to cover well and last long. Red oxide primer is the commonly used in metal primers. Red oxide is excellent for exposure to sunlight and exterior exposure. The Indian paint industry has been growing at an average 15% per annum over the last decade. Growth has been consistent with the Indian GDP growth rate and in some years the industry has grown at a rate of 1.5 to 2 times higher than that of GDP growth. Construction remains the key growth sector and is driving demand for decorative and protective coatings. The sector accounts for nearly 45% of the total national investment in infrastructure and the trend is expected to continue in the future. Many paint companies are expanding their operations in India but the rapid growth of the paint industry, with billions of rupees being invested in enhancing capacities, is causing concern among environmentalists. India is also the second largest paint market in Asia with an annual demand of over two million tonnes, again second only to China. Moreover, due to the low per capita consumption of paints in India. The paint industry can easily grow at 12-13% annually over the next few years from its current size of Rs 350 bn. The per capita paint consumption in India which is a little over 4 kegs is still very low as compared to the developed western nations. Therefore, as the country develops and modernizes, the per capita paint consumption is bound to increase. The unorganized sector controls around 35% of the paint market, with the organized sector accounting for the balance. This is due to increasing demand from retail consumers, on rapid urbanization, and development of rural markets. The industry will reach the level of Rs 62,000 crore in the next two years, it said. A rise in disposable income of the average middle class coupled with increasing investment on education, urbanization, development of the rural market and various launches of many innovative products will be major drivers, it said. India is the second largest consumer of paint in Asia. Few Indian major players are as under Asian Paints Ltd. B A S F India Ltd. Berger Paints India Ltd. Chowgule A B P Coatings (India) Pvt. Ltd. Gunjan Paints Ltd. Lona Industries Ltd Mallak Oilchem Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Red Oxide Primer (Each Packed in 20 Ltrs Container):500.0 Packs / day Plant & machinery: Rs 151 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 365 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Production of Red Oxide Primer

Production of Red Oxide Primer. Profitable Business Opportunities in Paint and Coating Industry. Red oxide Primer is an oil changed alkyd based mostly primer suitably pigmented with small fine red oxide and extenders. It’s ideal for ferrous metal surfaces. It’s free from heavy metals like lead, mercury and chromium. Red oxide primer could be a specially developed coating used as a base coat for ferrous metals. Red-oxide primer serves a similar purpose to interior wall primers therein it prepares your metal for a coat, however it also offers iron and steel surfaces a layer of protection. Working with red oxide primer isn't difficult, but it helps to be aware of some safety precautions and application tips. Related Projects: - Paints, Pigments, Enamels, Varnishes, Solvents, Thinners, NC Thinner, Decorative, Domestic, Automotive, Textured & Industrial Paints Red oxide primer is intended to be used on interior and exterior ferrous metal and isn't usually suitable for galvanized or nonferrous metals like aluminium, copper or brass. Red compound primer is an anti-corrosion coating designed to prevent rust formation. It may be applied directly over a rusty surface and is most ideal for exterior use. Red compound primer will be lined with most conventional topcoats once it fully dries. Related Books: - Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers, Spirit Varnishes, Solvents, Thinners and Surface Coatings Application Procedure: When applying red oxide primer, use a brush or a short pile roller Thinning is not required if applying by brush or roller For airless sprayer thin primer 10% to 15% by volume with Berger Reducer #2 Begin thinning with as little solvent and add more as needed until the right consistency is achieved Spray red oxide primer onto the surface with a minimum working pressure of 2000 psi Apply 1 coat to provide an adequate base coat to your metal Touch dry 15 minutes. To handle 1 hour and recoat time 4 hours • Steel fabrication • Machinery • Castings • Anticorrosive application Red Oxide Primer can be used for: BBQ Fire Surround Garage door Metal Garden furniture Metal Railings Radiator Economical primer for general steel application Not to be used on Galvanized Iron under very humid conditions Applications Architectural Residential Non-Residential Industrial Automotive General Industrial Wood Marine Packaging Others Market Outlook The paints & coatings market size is projected to grow from USD 147.2 billion in 2020 to USD 179.4 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 4.0 %, during the forecast period. The growth of end-use industries such as architectural, general industrial, protective, and automotive & transportation is driving the paints & coatings market growth. Related Videos: - Red Oxide Primer Manufacturing Business The prevalent application of iron and steel during a broad spectrum of industries. However, iron and steel that are utilized in industries endure the process of painting and coating that protects the metal and alloy from corrosion, thereby reducing the maintenance and replacement costs. Evidently, the increasing trade of iron and steel worldwide is significantly supporting the paints and coatings market that had a market size of $127,855 million as furthermore, the demand for paints and coatings in varied industries is projected to intensify with a healthy compound annual rate of growth (CAGR) of 4.69% throughout the forecast period. Related Videos: - Synthetic Red Iron Oxide Manufacturing Business Paints and coatings are materials with properties similar to adhesion, wettability, and corrosion resistance that are applied to a surface so as to protect it from corrosion, rusting, and erosion which will lead to surface spoilage. Previously, cave paintings were drawn by using hematite and manganese oxide that were the earliest invention of paints. Paints and coatings are utilized in a gamut of industries that include construction, automotive, realty, and others. The paints is decorative and protective based on the appliance and therefore the impact of external factors on the surface. Production and consumption are nearly equal in each country, as trade is limited to relatively tiny quantities of high value product. Demand in Asia continues to rise faster than elsewhere within the world, and therefore the region now accounts for 50–55% of worldwide consumption on a volume basis. Generally, coatings grow in tandem with the economy, therefore growth can still focus on the developing world. Related Videos: - Manufacture of Paint, Varnishes Coatings provide two primary functions that are of considerable economic importance—decoration and protection. about 55% of the coatings produced worldwide are used to decorate and protect new construction as well on maintain existing structures, including residential homes and apartments, public buildings, and plants and factories. Another 35% of the coatings are used to decorate and/or protect industrial products. Without coatings, product lives can be shortened drastically and lots of products would not even be marketable. Most of the remaining coatings, known as special purpose are used for miscellaneous applications similar to traffic paints, vehicle refinishing, high-performance coatings for industrial plants and equipment, and protection of marine structures and vessels. Related Videos:- Paint and Coatings Manufacturing Industry In rising countries, coatings are growing at a way faster rate. The most effective prospects for growth are in India (6%), Poland (3–4%), and Saudi Arabia (4.0–4.5%). Total international growth should be about 4% per year. On a value basis, it's likely that growth are going to be even higher as a result of the increased production of relatively higher-value coatings. Most of the most important multinational coatings producers have production in China. The multinational producers ought to gain even a lot of presence in the developing world as living standards increase and per capita consumption of coatings rises. Related Videos: - How to Start a Paint Manufacturing Industry (Decorative Paint, Acrylic Emulsion Paint) The world marketplace for paint additives is projected to exceed $6 billion within the coming back years. Whereas the United States continues to be the single largest market, growth within the world marketplace for paint additives is primarily originating from high growth markets in Asia Pacific. The fast economic growth in most of the rising countries within the recent years resulted in rampant architectural construction and industrial activity, which created significant demand for paints and additives that, in turn, rocketed demand for paint additives. This is because of increasing demand from retail consumers, on rapid urbanization, and development of rural markets. The business can reach the level of Rs 62,000 crore within the next 2 years, it said. An increase in income of the average middle class as well as increasing investment on education, urbanization, development of the agricultural market and various launches of the many innovative products will be major drivers, it said. India is that the second largest shopper of paint in Asia. Related Videos: - Acrylic Emulsion Paints Manufacturing Industry The Indian paint business has seen a gradual shift within the preferences of individuals from the normal white wash to higher quality paints like emulsions and enamel paints. Growing popularity of latest variants providing improved finishing & textures, increasing per capita income of people and efforts on the a part of manufacturers to introduce improved versions like ecofriendly, odor free and dirt & water resistant paints, have propelled the growth of the paint market in India. The most important boost to the growth within the Indian paint market has been provided by the decorative paint segment that is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of over 16 %. Under the decorative segment, the emulsion paint market has witnessed an enormous demand over the past few years and is expected to drive the market in the coming years too. Related Videos:- Paint Manufacturing Industry Building & Construction is the fastest growing application of metal coatings Manufacturers use useful products such as paints, stains, lacquers, primers, and clears to come back up with finish products of metal coatings that are utilized in the building & housing industry. Metal coatings are applied on HVAC, trims, ceiling grids, blinds, purlins, railings, roof & wall panels, doors, soffits, and others. Mega construction projects in Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Bahrain are expected to drive the building & construction industry which is able to in turn drive the metal coatings market within the Middle East. The growth within the market is going to be driven by emergence of the center class in India, increase within the propensity to spend and growing young population tending to stay in nuclear families. Primer is extensively utilized in the building & construction sector. It’s used as a preparative coat on the walls and different substrates, before applying the paint. Along with this, foreign companies are getting into these markets to take advantage of the prevailing opportunities. This has created demand for the business infrastructure, similar to offices, production homes, buildings, warehouses, etc., leading to increase within the construction activities in these countries. The primer market is estimated to witness high growth. Related Videos: - Profitable Projects on Paints, Pigments, Enamels, Varnishes, Solvents, Thinners, NC Thinner, Wall Coatings, Coatings, Wood Primer, Putty, Epoxy Paints Asia-Pacific is expected to witness highest growth within the demand for primers during the forecast period, because of the booming construction sector, and increasing automotive & furniture production within the region. Key Players PPG Industries (US), Akzonobel N.V. (Netherlands), Jotun (Norway), The Sherwin-Williams Company (US), Nippon Paint Holdings Co., Ltd (Japan), Asian Paints (India), KANSAI PAINT CO., LTD (Japan), RPM International INC (US), Axalta Coating Systems Ltd. (US), Solvay SA (Belgium), BASE SE (Germany), Shalimar Paints (India), Diamond Vogel (US), Indigo Paints Pvt. Ltd (India), Berger Paints India Limited (India), Beckers Group (Maryland), Tiger Coatings GmbH & Co. Kg (Austria), Hempel A/S (Denmark), and Kelly-Moore Paints (US). Tags:- #RedOxidePrimer #RedOxide #MetalPrimer #coating #Metal #coat #CrystalMetalPrimerRedOxide #PaintSpraying #paintingindustry #paintcoatings #paintingbusiness #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #industrialproject #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #startupideas #startupbusinesswithnomoney #businessstartupindia #BusinessFeasibilityStudies #projectconsultancy
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Graphite Crucible

Graphite crucible can withstand the high temperature, and has good resistance to chemical erosions and thermal shock. Especially graphite crucible is ideal for the melting of aluminium, copper and other metals. Quartz crucible has the advantages of high purity, high temperature resistance, with big size, good thermal insulation, economization on energy, quality stability etc. Fused quartz crucibles are used in the manufacture of silicon metal for semiconductor wafer applications and polysilicon. In order to produce high quality wafers, starting materials are added to a crucible heated to high temperatures and pulled from the melt as a single crystal. Fused Quartz is one of the few materials that can combine the high purity and high temperature properties required for this process. Graphite crucibles are refractory containers specially shaped for metallurgical operations. Graphite crucibles are made from a mixture of graphite, refractory clay, grog, and other additives. These crucibles are used for melting ferrous, non-ferrous metals, alloys, and noble metals. Growth of the foundry industry is a major factor driving the graphite crucibles market. A growing industrial sector coupled with the increasing need for specialized metal and alloy castings is expected to enhance the demand for graphite crucibles during the forecast period. As per an assessment, 8.5% growth in foundry and casting industry is estimated across the globe. Therefore, the use of graphite crucibles is expected to increase accordingly. Development of modern small scale industries and positive outlook of the special casting metallurgical industry in countries in Asia Pacific is further estimated to drive the graphite crucibles market in the next few years. Few Indian major players are as under Diamond Crucible Co. Ltd. Graphite India Ltd. H E G Ltd. Pandian Graphites (India) Ltd. Rahul Graphites Ltd. S V I Carbon Pvt. Td. Zircar Refractories Ltd.
Plant capacity: Graphite Crucible (10 Kgs each):800 Pcs/dayPlant & machinery: Rs 267 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1034 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 27.00%
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Production of Graphite Crucible. Emerging Business Investment Opportunities.

Production of Graphite Crucible. Emerging Business Investment Opportunities. A crucible is a container used to hold metal for melting in a furnace and it is needed to withstand the extreme temperatures encountered in melting metals. The crucible material must have a much higher melting point than that of the metal being melted and it must have good strength even when white hot. Graphite crucible can withstand the high temperature, and has good resistance to chemical erosions and thermal shock. Especially graphite crucible is ideal for the melting of aluminum, copper and other metals. A crucible is a container used to hold metal for melting in a furnace and it is needed to withstand the extreme temperatures encountered in melting metals. The crucible material must have a much higher melting point than that of the metal being melted and it must have good strength even when white hot. Graphite crucible can withstand the high temperature, and has good resistance to chemical erosions and thermal shock. Especially graphite crucible is ideal for the melting of aluminium, copper and other metals. Applications Lubrication Refractories Foundry Battery Production Others Features: We offer graphite crucibles for varied purposes High density graphite crucibles are utilized in vacuum Inert atmosphere furnaces Best suited crucibles for quality melting High thermal conductivity Heat shock resistance: Graphite crucible is strong, it can withstand high temperatures. High heat resistance Corrosion resistance Oxidation resistance Anti-adhesion Resistance to slag remover Acid resistance Use of Graphite Crucible Graphite crucible is widely used for experiment and the melting of metals, graphite crucible material with special of high purity, high strength, high density graphite material; through high precision CNC machining equipment, can be machined graphite crucible, graphite casting crucible, graphite oil groove, slide, drawing tablets, pull rod of mould graphite products. Graphite crucible for smelting noble metals selected special graphite materials can make the graphite crucible product 2 times more than ordinary materials product durability, longer service life, more can withstand more than 2000°C high temperature! Graphite crucible features: 1 good thermal stability of graphite crucible: for the use of graphite crucible quench. 2 graphite crucible good corrosion resistance, impact resistance, in order to ensure the reliability of product quality. 3 graphite crucible, good resistance to acid and alkali. 4 good heat conduction performance of graphite crucible: it can greatly shorten the smelting time, save energy. 5 the ash of the graphite crucible is less than 300pp, so that the precious metal is not polluted in the smelting process. Mainly used in auto parts, electronics and new materials industry, graphite crucible is melting and holding non-ferrous metals and new materials resistant containers. Can also be used in the refining and purification of nonferrous metals and new materials. For the benefit of environmental protection, the international efforts to improve the weight of light metals in industrial products. Therefore, aluminium, magnesium, zinc and its alloys are widely used in the production of automobile, motorcycle and electronic products. If the engine cylinder cover die-casting production of automobile and motorcycle wheels, engine, brakes, air filter, piston, a radiator, a direction plate skeleton and electronic products in the mobile phone shell. Manufacturing process of graphite crucible During the sintering process of graphite crucibles, the organizational structure of the green body has a series of changes, the changing part is mainly the plastic refractory clay. The basic process of the crucible sintering can be divided into the following four stages to illustrate: Preheating and baking stage. The temperature at 100~300 degrees, it is the process of graphite crucibles exclude residual moisture. The heating speed should slow and the kiln roof should be open, it should control the temperature strictly especially when the graphite crucibles in the residual moisture content exceeds 3%, otherwise the crucibles will have the crack and it maybe explode. Low temperature firing stage: 400-600? is the Low temperature stage of sintering of the graphite crucible. With the increase of the temperature of the kiln, the combination water in the crucible begins to decompose and remove. the main composition in clay are Al2O3 and SiO2, once formed, they are in the free state, the glaze layer of crucible surface has not yet melted, heating speed should be still slow, if the heating speed is too fast and uneven, it also prone to explode and the collapse of the crucible bing . Mesothermal sintering stage: 700-900? is the Mesothermal sintering stage of graphite crucible. At this time, the amorphous Al2O3 in clay may be partially converted into y crystalline Al2O3 when the kiln temperature gradually increased, the Al2O3 and Si0'exist in the Free State form hard silicate cured material, it connect the graphite and clinker in crucible and then solidified into a whole. In the medium temperature sintering process, the surface glaze layer in graphite crucible melt with the increasing of temperature gradually and form a layer of glass like glaze film, enclosed or covered on the surface of the crucible, it protect the crucible from oxidation. During this period, it is better to heat up quickly and the original flame should be good in the kiln. High temperature firing stage: The temperature of this stage temperature is iooo-1200cc. The clay in graphite crucible after sintering in the medium temperature form curing, gradually transformed into mullite, such as 3A1203+2Si07:3Al203'2Si0. (Mullite). During this period, the heating rate should be faster than in the middle temperature (commonly known as the fire process), the furnace flame should be controlled in the neutral flame or reducing flame. The glaze layer has been completely melted during the crucible in high temperature sintering process, forming a glass like glaze film, close to the crucible surface. If the temperature exceeds the maximum temperature limit of sintering glaze, it easily cause the oxidation of the crucible. Therefore, in the high temperature sintering process, we should observe the glaze layer melting condition of graphite crucible and avoid the burnt and not up to the sintering. Mullite (3A1203'2Si02), a senior Department of physical and chemical properties of refractory minerals and a stable. The density, hardness, refractoriness and softening point are very high, low coefficient of thermal expansion. In the structure of the crucible, it is an important role of consolidation and hardening. It can be known that, in the crucible sintering process, due to the thermal effect of plastic refractory clay, the consolidation of graphite and clinker has a certain mechanical strength. Therefore, high and low of the sintering temperature, temperature control in the process of operation, it will has an important influence to the quality and service life of graphite crucible products. Market Outlook The global graphite market was valued at $14.3 billion in 2019, and is expected to reach $21.6 billion by 2027, registering a CAGR of 5.3% from 2020 to 2027. By type, the synthetic graphite segment holds the largest market share, owing to increase in demand from the steel and battery industry. This increase in demand from the steel and battery manufacturing industry is attributed to increase in use of graphite electrode. Synthetic graphite is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period. Graphite crucibles are widely used in experiments and for melting metals through high precision CNC machining equipment. Graphite crucibles of high purity, high density, and high strength are used in these applications. Growth of the foundry industry is a major factor driving the graphite crucibles market. A growing industrial sector coupled with the increasing need for specialized metal and alloy castings is expected to enhance the demand for graphite crucibles during the forecast period. As per an assessment, 8.5% growth in foundry and casting industry is estimated across the globe. Therefore, the use of graphite crucibles is expected to increase accordingly. Development of modern small scale industries and positive outlook of the special casting metallurgical industry in countries in Asia Pacific is further estimated to drive the graphite crucibles market in the next few years Graphite crucibles can withstand high temperature, and have good resistance to chemical erosions and thermal shock. Graphite crucible is ideal especially for the melting of aluminum, copper, and other metals. Availably of various alternatives such as ceramic crucibles, and platinum crucibles, used in casting, metallurgy, and machineries is expected to hamper the market growth in the near future. Key players Zircar Refractories Ltd. Diamond Crucible Co. Ltd Graphite India Ltd. H E G Ltd. Pandian Graphites (India) Ltd Rahul Graphites Ltd S V I Carbon Pvt. Td. Tags:- #graphitecrucible #graphitemanufacturerinindia #graphiteindustry #graphite #Graphiteproduction #GraphiteProject #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #industrialproject #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #startupideas #startupbusinesswithnomoney #businessstartupindia
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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