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We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.

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CYCLOHEXANE DIMETHANOL(CHDM) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile: 1,4 cyclohexanedimethanol (CHDM) is a monomer used in the manufacture of co polyesters in the specialty plastic segment, due to growing co polyesters demand. 1,4-CHDM is an excellent intermediate for the synthesis crystalline resins for pelletized molding compounds. Product characteristics • Chemical name : 1,4–Cyclohexanedimethanol;1,4- Bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclohexane • CAS No : 105-08-8 • Molecular formula : C6H10(CH2OH)2 • Appearance : White waxy solid • Molecular weight : 144.21 • Odour : Sweet Applications • CHDM is the major gycol used to prepare PCT, PCTG and PCTA polyesters, but is the major glycol in the PETG composition. CHDM is manufactured by catalytic hydrogenation of dimethyl teraphthalate. It is one of the most important co monomers for production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), or polyethylene terephalic ester (PETE), from which plastic bottles are made. • CHDM is a symmetrical, high molecular weight cycloaliphatic glycol used to make saturated and unsaturated polyester resins. It is commonly used as a glycol modifier for resins. It can be used in unsaturated polyester resins for gel coats, sheet molding compounds and injection moldable fiberglass reinforced plastics. Good chemical, stain, humidity and corrosion resistance is achieved, when using CHDM-D in polyester-melamine baking enamels for appliance, general metal and automotive coatings. • The areas of applications include the following: Chemical and pharmaceutical intermediate, Coating resins for heat sensitive substrates, Cosmetic polymer intermediate, Polyester polyols for polyurethane coatings, Polyester melamine baking enamels, Unsaturated polyester resins and Waterborne polyester resins Production of Cyclohexane Dimethanol(CHDM) CHDM is produced by catalytic hydrogenation of dimethyl terephthalate (DMT). The reaction conducted in two steps beginning with the conversion of DMT to the diester dimethyl 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate (DMCD). In the second step DMCD is further hydrogenated to CHDM. The cis/trans ratio of CHDM is differ according to the catalyst, 80:20 for Cu4Ru12 catalyst, 65:35 in case of the RuPt catalyst, 88:12 for the Ru-Sn catalyst, 30:70 in case of the copper chromite catalyst usually used in industrial processing. C6H4(CO2CH3)2 + 3 H2 ? C6H10(CO2CH3)2 C6H10(CO2CH3)2 + 4 H2 ? C6H10(CH2OH)2 + 2 CH3OH Most of the commercial CHDM has cis/trans ratio of 30:70.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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ETHABOXAM - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Product Profile Ethaboxam is a fungicide used mainly for folial and soil treatment. It is highly effective on a range of diseases such as downy mildew, late blight and pythium disease in several crops including grapes, vegetables, potatoes, and corn as well as other row crops. Since only a few fungicides are currently available to control Pythium effectively, it is expected that ethaboxam will be one of the highly preferred seed treatment products capable of meeting growers’ needs for higher crop productivity. Product characteristics Chemical Name : N-(cyano-2-thienylmethyl)-4-ethyl-2-(ethlyamino)-5 thiazolecarboxamide CAS name : N-(cyano-2-thienylmethyl)-4-ethyl-2-(ethylamino)-5-thiazolecarboxamide CAS No. : 162650-77-3 Molecular mass (g mol-1): 320.43 Physical State : Solid powder Colour : Very pale yellow Formula : C14H16N4OS2 Pesticide type : Fungicide Applications Ethaboxam has its biological specialty in its mode of actions. Ethaboxam has preventive activity that protects crops prior to infection by pathogen. It is an outstanding fungicide that controls downy mildew and late blight of vegetables and fruits. Its application is 100~250 g/ha for most target crops and pathogens. It also has curative activity that eliminates pathogens that already inhabit inside plants. Its systemic activity also allows curing diseases on stems and leaves by drenching in soils by moving upward plants during transpiration. An excellent toxicology profile makes it safe around people, livestock and the environment. Distinctively from other fungicides, Ethaboxam has two biochemical action sites and reduces possibility of developing pathogens resistant to ethaboxam. Further, ethaboxam can be used to effectively control the diseases caused by phenyamide-resistant pathogens. This unique feature is the key sales point of ethaboxam in the global market. Market Scenario The global total market size of fungicides in 2000 was approximately 6.5 billion US dollars and that of fungicides to control diseases on fruits and vegetables was 2.7 billion US dollars (46%). Approximately one billion US dollars was used to control the diseases caused by Oomycetes. The compound was developed by LGLS and has been on the market in various countries since 2005, mainly for foliar and soil treatment. Because of its highly systemic and preventive activities, ethaboxam exhibits excellent fungicidal performance also for seed treatment, which helps reduce both the application frequency and the application rate of crop protection products and ultimately promote labour saving in agricultural production.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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FLUORINATED ALCOHOLS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

PRODUCT PROFILE Fluorinated alcohols are formed by using fluorine atoms to replace hydrogen atoms on the carbon chains of alcohols. Because of their excellent solubility, they are widely used as solvents in recordable CDs, electronics, polymer and other industries. The fluorinated alcohols were able to induce surface modification already at very low concentration (below 1 wt %). It has been shown that the surface modification depended on the concentration of the fluoroalcohols, on the length of the fluoroalkyl chain, and on the length of the methylene spacer between the fluorinated chain and the OH group. The strong increase on hydrophobicity in the presence of the synthesized fluorinated alcohol, CF3(CF2)9(CH2)10OH, was attributed to the higher fluorocontent of the chain as well as to a self-organization effect. Fluorinated alcohols are formed by using fluorine atoms to replace hydrogen atoms on the carbon chains of alcohols. Because of their excellent solubility, they are widely used as solvent in recordable CDs, electronics, polymer and other industries. Applications: Fluorinated alcohols were used as surface modifying agents, through chain transfer mechanism in cationic UV curing of an epoxy system. Fluorinated organic liquids or crystal substances with tailor made set of physical and chemical properties find the following numerous applications: floatation reagents for recovery of gold, platinum and silver from ores at concentration plants (permits to increases gold recovery by 30%), solvents in the production of CD and DVD disks, working fluids in immersed pumps for oil extraction. Flourinated alcohols constitute components of high temperature oils, heat carrying liquids, lubricants and glues, cloth impregnating additives to protect against moisture and contaminants. Fluorinated alcohols are also used in the synthesis of fluorine containing pesticides, pharmaceuticals and dyes. TFEA: 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFEA) can be miscible with water and most organic solvents and is an excellent solvent. It is also an intermediate for pharmaceuticals and pesticides, mainly used in the synthesis of narcotics such as desflurane, isoflurane alkyl, flecainide, silodosin and lansoprazole, as well as pesticides such as trifloxysulfuron and triflusulfuron-methyl. It can also be used for the synthesis of poly(trifluoroethyl methacrylate), fluorinated phosphazene rubber and fluorine-containing polyurethane polymer. It is also used in optical fiber, paints, rubber products and contact lenses and used as a solvent in the synthesis of organics and polymers as well as chemical analysis. TFP: 2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropanol (TFP) is a new fluorine containing solvent and used as a paint solvent and release agent in recordable CDs, a cleaning agent in microelectronics and optoelectronics and a processing aid for intermediates, fluorine resin and fluorine rubber. It is also widely used in photographic colour makeup agents and textile finishing agents. TFP can be used to produce a variety of halogenated aromatic alkyl ethers, polyfluoroalkoxy propionitrile, fluorinated olefins, fluorinated diols and vulcanized rubber. It has no damage to the atmosphere and is a superior alternative to Freon cleaning agents. In the world, more than 70% of TFP is used for the production of recordable CDs, 20% is used in a variety of cleaning agents and surfactants, and 10% is used for the synthesis of sodium tetrafluoropropionate (a pesticide) and other products.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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HYDROXYPROPYL CARBAMATE ACRYLATE (HPCA) -Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

PRODUCT PROFILE Hydroxypropyl carbamate acrylate (HPCA) is a new specialty monomer that is generated by the biotech process. It has several advantages for its use in the manufacture of carbamate based polymers, when compared with conventionally produced material. Hydroxypropyl carbamate acrylate (HPCA) enables crosslinkable carbamate units to be incorporated into the polymer in just one step. HPCA is a new specialty monomer that is generated by the biotech process. It has several advantages for its use in the manufacture of carbamate based polymers, when compared with conventionally produced material. Processing of Hydroxypropyl Carbamate Acrylate: The HPCA is generated by the enzymatic trans esterification of hydroxypropyl carbamate and ethyl acrylate. The transesterification of ethyl acrylate with hydroxypropyl carbamate is performed in tank. This involves initially charging hydroxypropyl carbamate (isomer mixture) and ethyl acrylate, and also hydroquinone monomethyl ether. The entire system was inertized with lean air (nitrogen/oxygen mixture with oxygen content 6%). The enzyme reactor connected in the external pumped circulation system comprised of lipase. The reaction was performed at 40° C. and 90 mbar. The ethanol formed was distilled off continuously as an azeotrope with ethyl acrylate by means of a column. Over the entire reaction time of 24 h, a stream of 5 kg/h from the tank bottoms was conducted via the top of the column in order to prevent polymerization. The conversion was 90% after 24 h of reaction time. Subsequently, the crude product present in ethyl acrylate was washed twice with 1/10 each time of the total volume of water, which removed the unconverted reactant. The pure product obtained was hydroxypropyl carbamate acrylate in a purity of >95% (GC analysis). Applications of Hydroxypropyl Carbamate Acrylate: One potential area for application would be adhesives. For example, HPCA can be hardened either thermally or using UV light. Here, the free carbamate group can have a positive impact on both adhesion and cohesion, in this way making it possible to improve adhesive properties. HPCA has already proven itself in clear coat systems for the automotive industry. One component coatings with HPCA achieve a comparable performance level to two component coatings, for example with regard to weather and scratch resistance. In contrast to two-component coatings, one-component coatings are easier to use in applications and are more cost efficient.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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GLYCERYL TRIACETATE (TRIACETIN) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost & Revenue

Product Profile Glyceryl triacetate is the triester of glycerol and acetic acid and is also known as triglyceride 1,2,3 triacetoxypropane is more generally known as triacetin and glycerin triacetate. It is an artificial chemical compound, commonly used as a food additive, for instance as a solvent in flavourings, and for its humectant function. Triacetin is also a component of casting liquor with TG and as an excipient in pharmaceutical products where it is used as a humectant, a plasticizer, and as a solvent. It is a synthetic compound that produces a clear, combustible, and oily liquid with a bitter taste that is used as a food additive Applications Application of glyceryl triformate in food sector in following industries: baked goods, beverages, chewing gum, confectionery, dairy desserts, hard candy. Its applications in Non-Food sector are in following industries solvent, fixative, perfumes, printing inks, (non-absorbent surfaces), plasticiser. Its high solvency power and low volatility make triacetin a good solvent and fixative for many flavours and fragrances. Other applications of glyceryl triacetate are: • Plasticizer applied to the cigarette filter; • Flavour and essence fixative and lubricate in cosmetics; • Excipient in pharmaceutical products as a humectants, a plasticizer and a solvent; • Fuel additive as an antiknock agent which can reduce engine knocking in gasoline; • Fuel additive to improve cold flow and viscosity properties of biodiesel. Production Process Triacetin is produced from a multi-stage reaction sequence involving glycerine, acetic acid and acetic anhydride as raw materials. In the first reaction, glycerine is esterified with acetic acid. In this first stage, the conversion is to mono1 di-acetin. Water is also formed and is removed from the reaction system by azeotropic distillation of the acetic acid/water mixture during the reaction. In the second stage, the products from the first reaction, namely mono1 diacetin are further esterified in an exothermic reaction with acetic anhydride. Triacetin and acetic acid are formed, the latter returning to the reaction system to be used as the reactant in the first reaction. Triacetin is produced in a fully closed system. Market scenario Triacetin is mainly used in tobacco, food, inks, cosmetics, casting, pharmaceuticals and dyes area. Currently, the global demand for triacetin is about 110 000 tons annually, of which China's demand accounts for about 35%. In China, the annual output of triacetin is about 55 000 tons, of which 385 000 tons is consumed domestically, and 16 500 tons is for export, and the price of triacetin is RMB10 000 - 12 000/t. In recent years, the demand for triacetin has grown 5% to 10% annually. In the future, the demand for it will continue to maintain fast growth. In recent years, the demand for triacetin has grown at around 5% annually.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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LITHIUM TITANATE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Product Profile Lithium titanate (full name lithium metatitanate) is a compound containing lithium and titanium. It is an off white powder at room temperature and has the chemical formula Li2TiO3. It is the anode component of the fast recharging Lithium-titanate battery. It is also used as an additive in porcelain enamels and ceramic insulating bodies based on titanates. It is preferred as a flux due to its stability. Product characteristics Formula : Li2TiO3 ` Formula Name : Lithium Metatitanate Description : Off-white coloured powder Solubility in H2O : Insoluble Applications Lithium titanate is considered to be one of the most prospective materials for use in the anodes of rechargeable lithium ion and lithium polymer cells. Another advantage of Li4Ti5O12 is that it has a flat discharge curve. A lithium–titanate battery is a modified lithium-ion battery that uses lithium-titanate nanocrystals on the surface of its anode instead of carbon. This gives the anode a surface area of about 100 square meters per gram, compared with 3 square meters per gram for carbon, allowing electrons to enter and leave the anode quickly. This makes fast recharging possible and provides high currents when needed. Production Process A process is provided for making lithium titanate of closely controlled particle size in the range 5 nm to 2000 nm. The process includes re firing lithium titanate under controlled conditions so that crystallites of the desired particle size are grown. The lithium titanate may be derived from any suitable source. A suitable source of lithium titanate can be from a process that includes evaporation of a blend that contains lithium and titanium to form a mixture containing lithium and titanium compounds that are subsequently calcined to form lithium titanate. The blend of titanium and lithium may be derived from a variety of titanium and lithium precursor materials. A lithium titanate is formed by mixing lithium carbonate powder or lithium hydroxide powder with titanium oxide followed by preparing a mixed slurry of titanium compound powder and a solution containing lithium, followed by depositing a lithium compound by spray-drying. Market scenario The Lithium Ion battery market is poised to play a major role in the emerging cleantech economy. Lithium prices are relatively low and the cost of recycling a battery significantly higher than the sum value of its components, the infrastructure and conditions required to ensure widespread lithium ion battery recycling are still far from established. Currently, there is little economic sense to recycle lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. However, if the number of electric vehicles (EVs) and their associated battery packs increase in the long term, recycling and reuse will help validate the tag, green car.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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MONOCHLOROACETIC ACID (MCA) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile Monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is the organochlorine compound with the formula ClCH2CO2H. This carboxylic acid is a useful building-block in organic synthesis. Monochloroacetic acid, commonly abbreviated MCA or MCAA, is a colourless crystalline solid. It can exist in four crystal forms, each with a different melting point. MCA is a reactive compound that can undergo various reactions to form a number of intermediates. Product characteristics Appearance : White Deliquescent Crystals Molecular formula : C2H3O2Cl Melting point : 61.0 degree celcius Purity (%) : Min. 99.0 Applications Monochloroacetic Acid is used as a versatile intermediate in the manufacturing of various Agrochemicals viz; 2, 4-D, Glyphosate etc. It is widely used as a main raw material for various pharmaceuticals viz. Ibuprofen, Dichlofenac etc. & in the manufacturing of Carboxy Methyl Cellulose. MCAA is an intermediate for multi step production for herbicide industry, detergent industry, oil industry, paper industry, cosmetic industry, food industry, pharmaceutical industry, construction material industry etc. Production Process The production of monochloro acetic acid was 706,000 tonnes/year in 2010, of which over half is produced in China. Other countries with significant production capacity are Germany (105,000), the Netherlands (100,000), India (>65,000), and the United States (55,000). Processes Chloroacetic acid is prepared industrially via two routes. The predominant method involves chlorination of acetic acid: CH3CO2H + Cl2 ? ClCH2CO2H + HCl Acetic anhydride serves as a catalyst for this reaction. The other main industrial route to chloroacetic acid is hydrolysis of trichloroethylene using sulfuric acid as a catalyst: CCl2CHCl + 2 H2O ? ClCH2CO2H + 2 HCl The hydrolysis method produces a highly pure product, which can be important since mono-, di- and trichloroacetic acids are difficult to separate by distillation. Approximately, 420,000,000 kg/y are produced globally. Market scenario Global MCA market, is estimated at 650 000 metric tonnes per annum. Mono chloro acetic acid market in Asia-Pacific is expected to grow at a compounded annual rate of approximately 4.25%. Worldwide demand for the monochloroacetic acid is expected to grow at the rate of 2% annually but demand for the highest purity is expected to grow at the rate of 6-8%. Global merchant capacity of MCAA was estimated at 400 KT in 2006 with the further 180 KT assumed to be captive. The monochloroacetic acid market will continue to be driven by the Chinese market. Monochloroacetic acid use for glycine production constitutes the largest market, with 62% of monochloroacetic acid demand. Glycine is used to produce glyphosate, an herbicide used worldwide.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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LITHIUM HEXAFLUOROPHOSPHATE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile Lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) is a typical electrolyte salt for lithium-ion batteries. Lithium hexafluorophosphate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiPF6. This white crystalline powder is used in commercial secondary batteries, an application that exploits its high solubility in nonpolar solvents. Specifically, solutions of lithium hexafluorophosphate in propylene carbonate with dimethoxyethane serves as an electrolyte in lithium batteries. LiPF6 catalyses the tetrahydropyranylation of tertiary alcohols. Lithium hexafluorophosphate is stable but readily hydrolyzes upon exposure to water or moist air. It is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids. Product characteristics Chemical Name : Lithium hexafluorophosphate Molecular Formula : F6LiP Formula Weight : 151.91 Applications • Lithium hexaflourophosphate is a white crystalline powder used in commercial secondary batteries, an application that exploits its high solubility in non-polar solvents. Specifically, solutions of lithium hexafluorophosphate in propylene carbonate with dimethoxyethane serves as an electrolyte in lithium batteries. • LiPF6, is a conductive salt that is one of four critical components in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. • The manufacturer uses industrial materials to lower the product cost by at least 60% compared with others in the circle, showing obvious energy saving effects; • The manufacturer uses its own designed and made non-standard sets of equipment to satisfy the production process in the normal temperature and pressure; • No use of hydrofluoric acid in the production process to enable low investment in environment protection, great safety and little pollution; Global scenario The global total production of LiPF6 was about 3800 metric tonnes in 2010. Currently, major global LiPF6 producers are distributed in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan region. Demand for lithium-ion batteries is expected to grow more than 40 percent, from $7.2 billion in 2010 to $10.1 billion in 2015, driven by demand for plugin hybrid and all-electric vehicles.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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T BUTYLAMINE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Product Profile Tert. Butylamine is a primary, aliphatic amine, which is used in the production of accelerators for the rubber industry, but is also applicable in the pharmaceutical and agricultural industry. Tert Butylamine is an organic chemical compound (specifically, an amine) occurs as a colourless liquid. Tert Butylamine is one of the four isomeric amines of butane, the others being n butylamine, sec butylamine and isobutylamine. It is miscible with water and almost all conventional organic solvents. Product characteristics Appearance : Colourless liquid Formula : (CH3)3CNH2 Molecular Weight : 73.1 Applications The main application in this field is the use to synthesize 3-formyl tertbutylamine rifamycin, an intermediate of rifampicin for treatment of tuberculosis. Tert Butylamine can also be used to synthesize terbutalin, a quick-effect drug for bronchitis and asthma. Intermediate used in the production of: Agricultural chemicals, Rubber chemicals, Gas purification agents, Pharmaceuticals etc. The main consumption of tert butylamine is the use as additive product forn ethylene oxide. Tert butylamine is a very important intermediate for making dyes, pesticides, and rubber additives. Tert Butylamine can be used as raw material to synthesize sulfa urea herbicide nicosulfuron. Nicosulfuron has an excellent effect of killing most annual and perennial graminaceous weeds and broad-leaved weeds. Process Tert-Butylamine may be prepared by the hydrogenolysis of 2,2 dimethylethylenimine, or via tert-butylphthalimide. The method used most often today is the methyl tert-butyl ether-hydrocyanic acid process. A process for the production of tertiary butylamine having a purity of at least 99.5% and being suited for use without further purification, the process comprising reacting isobutene and ammonia in the gaseous phase above a dealuminized silica alumina catalyst, wherein the catalyst is used in acid form, has a crystallinity of at least 95%, has an Na2 O content less than 0.2% by weight; and has a ratio of Si : Al greater than 12, and wherein the reaction occurs at a temperature of 200°-350° C., a pressure of 100-250 bar, and has a ratio of educt to catalyst of 5 to 60 moles/kg catalyst per hour. Market scenario Tert Butyl Amine is not presently produced in India and Indian import is around 450 metric tonnes per annum. It is one of the fine chemicals with the rapid development in recent years. As an important intermediate, tertbutylamine has a capacity of nearly 60000 t/a in the world and the actual output is around 40000 tons a year. Major producers are concentrated in the United States, Japan and Germany.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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PHOSPHINE GAS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Product Profile Phosphine gas is defined as Phosphine that is in the gas phase, or phosphine that is above its boiling point of 85 degrees C. Phosphine gas is denser than air and hence may collect in low lying areas. It can form explosive mixtures with air and also self ignite. When phosphine burns it produces a dense white cloud of phosphorus pentoxide a severe respiratory irritant. Phosphine is probably a constituent of the atmosphere at very low and highly variable concentrations and hence may contribute to the global phosphorus biochemical cycle. The origin(s) of atmospheric phosphine is not certain. Possible sources include bacterial reduction of phosphate in decaying organic matter and the corrosion of phosphorus containing metals. Product characteristics Phosphine is a colourless gas which is highly flammable and explosive in air. The molecular formula of phosphine is PH3. Pure phosphine is odourless, although most commercially available grades have the odour of garlic or decaying fish due to the presence of substituted phosphine and diphosphine (P2H4). Phosphine is corrosive towards metals, in particular copper and copper containing alloys. Applications • The major uses of phosphine are as a fumigant during the storage of agricultural products such as nuts, seeds, grains, coffee and tobacco, and in the manufacture of semi-conductors. • Phosphine is also used in the production of some chemicals and metal alloys • Another use of phosphine is as a semi conductor doping agent by the electronics industry. • Phosphine is used as rodenticide and fumigate during storage of agricultural commodities such as grain e.g. cereals and tobacco. • Phosphine is also used as a catalyst in the production of polymers. ? Production of Phosphine Phosphine may be produced in a variety of ways. Industrially it can be made by the reaction of white phosphorus with sodium hydroxide, producing sodium hypophosphite and sodium phosphite as a by-product. Alternatively the acid-catalyzed disproportioning of white phosphorus may be used, which yields phosphoric acid and phosphine. Both routes have industrial significance; the acid route is preferred method if further reaction of the phosphine to substituted phosphines is needed. The acid route requires purification and pressurizing. It can also be made (as described above) by the hydrolysis of a metal phosphide, such as aluminium phosphide or calcium phosphide. Pure samples of phosphine, free from P2H4, may be prepared using the action of potassium hydroxide on phosphonium iodide (PH4I). Market scenario Global demand for phosphine gas and derivative products is expected to remain strong and grow at around 10% for the next ten years. There is growing need in current markets including electronics, mineral processing, solvent extraction and fumigation.
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Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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