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Pharmaceutical, Drugs, Fine Chemicals, Bulk Drug Intermediates, Pharmaceutical Drugs, Pharma Drug Ingredients Intermediates, Drug Intermediates, Speciality Chemicals, Raw Materials, Fine and Specialty Chemicals Intermediates, Pharmaceutical Bulk Drugs

Indian drugs and pharmaceutical industry has advanced perceptibly and is getting ready  for the new patent regime and  to withstand global competition, which is expected to be unleashed by new winds of liberalisation - a new era of liberalisation - much different from what was ushered in since the conclusion of the Uruguay Round and the establishment of the World Trade Organisation.

The industry has been expanding at annual rates ranging between 8 to 10% (against global growth rate of 6%).  According to a study  by McKinsey, Vision 2010, the domestic pharmaceutical industry could attain a size of  $25 billion (Rs 1200 billion) by 2010 by focusing on two areas: first, innovation-led research, development and new drug discoveries; and second, information technology-led remote sales and marketing.  The market for bulk drugs and formulations had increased from about Rs 103  billion in 1990-91 to an estimated Rs 435  billion at the end of 2003-04.  The prices of Indian essential drugs are among the lowest in the world. Apart from strides made by the industry in the last half-a-century, lower production cost due to reverse engineering and low R&D outlays has been a major factor in keeping the prices under check.

The global pharmaceutical industry is estimated at $ 300 billion, not all representing cross-border trade.  India's measly share of $ 1.5 billion in global trade represents an untapped potential. Under the regime of economic liberalisation underway since early 1990s, the drugs and pharmaceutical sector witnessed initiatives at fresh investment in the sector. Nearly 1735 investment proposals of the order of around Rs 166  billion were initiated. The foreign collaboration proposals approved numbered around 425 with a foreign direct investment  (FDI) component of over Rs 25 billion. The pharmaceuticals have figured high on the export front. In 2001-02,  the sector was  estimated to have registered a growth of 17.6% at around Rs 20.3 billion.

In the wake of economic liberalisation, many a  overseas players  returned or contemplated returning to India. These include Ivox Corp (USA),  Taro Pharmaceuticals (Israel) and Merck (USA). These are out either to set shop or looking for acquisitions in India. Hexal AG of Germany has established a liaison office in India. MILLIONCs like Rocha, Bayer, Aventis and Chiron are making India a regional hub for bulk drugs. 

The Export Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) had  doubled its corpus for the pharmaceutical industry to Rs 2 billion as a result of increased activity in the industry, especially in the external sector. The fund is used for the development and commercialisation of the new products and applications, significant improvement in the existing design of  products, setting up and expansion of pilot plants, research studies for obtaining regulatory approvals, cost of filing and managing international patent and R&D Centres.

It needs, however, to be recognised that the presence  of small scale manufacturers has resulted, on the one hand,  in a highly fragmented industry, and on the other, it has made it possible to supply a near 100,000 drugs including vitamins, antibiotics, antibacterials, cardio-vascular and other essential drugs. These account for nearly 37% of the market.  While each of about 80% of the manufacturers has annual sales below a billion rupees, top ten companies are known to control over 30% of the market. At present there are more than 20,000 players in the country.

The major players are: Alembic Chem, Aurobindo Pharma, Cipla, Dr. Reddy's, FDC, IPCA Labs, Jagsonpal Pharma, J.B. Chemicals, Kopran, Lupin Labs, Lyka Labs, Morepan Labs, Nicholas Piramal, Ranbaxy Labs, Sun Pharma, Themis Medicare, GlaxoSmithkline, Astrazeneca, Aventis, E-Merck, Torrent Pharma, TTK Healthcare, Unichem Labs,  Wockhardt  and  Zandu Pharma.  Until recently, only a few of the Indian companies had gone into any serious R&D activity. Much of the effort was directed to affordable analogue research. The R&D level in the country is low with even well-placed pharma companies spending less than 2% of turnover on R&D. MILLIONCs are known to contribute as much as 10% or more of their turnover to R&D.  While India is very strong in process chemistry, biology and applied bio-chemistry, initiatives at all levels - government, academia, private sector - involving heavy financial outlays, are called for.

Ayurveda continues to remain a preferred system of medicine for a vast segment of population in the country. The country has over 400,000 registered practitioners of the Indian system of medicine. Around 170 institutes properly affiliated to various universities impart under- or post-graduate courses each year. These institutes churn out some 5,500 fresh practitioners. The practitioners are supported by 12,000 dispensaries and 2,100 beds available for ayurveda treatment countrywide. The emerging biotechnology sector has already taken by storm and is offering sops to states to make these as the thriving ground for the highly potential segment in medicare.

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MAIZE PROCESSING UNIT (Starch, Glucose, Gluten, Germ, Fiber, Steep Water)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Maize is one of the best cereals after paddy and wheat. It is largely cultivated in the north and west India, though there is cultivation of maize in the eastern and southern India. There are basic commercial product maize hull, maize oil, zein, maize starches are obtained directly from maize. Starch is the main product of a maize processing unit, which is consumed in various other industries like food, pharmaceuticals, textiles, papers, hotels and restaurants etc. Maize is one of the most important cereal crops in the world agricultural economy and is grown in many countries in each of the continents of the world. Few new entrants can join the industry without any hesitation.
Plant capacity: 200 MT Maize Processing/Day Products Starch 133 MT, Glucose 20 MT, Gluten 18 MT Germ 8 MT, Fiber 4 MT Plant & machinery: 2913 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project 6084 Lakhs
Return: 41.00%Break even: 58.00%
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I.V. Fluid (International Standard) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Infusion therapy as a basic toll of modern medical care enables the physician to restore and stabilize homeostasis states quickly and completely. In nursing homes and hospital where patients are suffering from acute dehydration or considerable debilitating conditions, the intra venous fluids are used as I.V. drips. The basic function of I.V. fluids is to replenish the body fluids. Although there are number of I.V. fluids, but generally three types of I.V. fluids are used in hospitals as I.V. drips. 1. Dextrose injection fluid. 2. Dextrose and sodium chloride injection fluid. 3. Sodium Chloride injection solution (Saline solution). Dextrose solution is used during postoperative period when sodium extraction of 10-15% are used as diuretic for increasing in urine flow. Saline solution is used when large amount of sodium has been lost by vomiting or by gastric or intestinal duodenal aspiration or through an alimentary fistula. Dextrose monohydrate is used as supplement to cows milk in part of feeding. Hypertonic dextrose solution (25-50%) is in medical treatment partly because they are believed to strengthen heart muscles. Hypertonic solutions are used in intravenous injection to relieve intractable pressure in-patient with hydrocephalus and meningitis. The drug industry has now achieved an impressive growth during the last four decades of planning and development. These I.V. fluids are the best alternative, which can yield sudden result in the health of a Patient by replenishing the body fluids.
Plant capacity: 30000 Bottles/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 125 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 816 Lakhs
Return: 65.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Pharmaceutical Tablets, Capsules, Liquid Oral, Ointment, Powder and Injection - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

The Pharmaceutical Industry in general is well managed in sound economic principles and has excellent techniques of production, technological backing and good marketing techniques. Because of availability of good capital and profit, this industry showed a remarkable growth and also attracted highly qualified technical people with satisfactory salary. The formulations are available in three groups: 1. Powder 2. Tablets & Pills 3. Liquids Now-a-days we are producing almost all the drugs in the all three formulations. This industry is one of the most important industries for India. Drugs & pharmaceutical helps in controlling and at times eradicating diseases. It has facilitated in drastically contributed to the lessening of infant mortality rate and growth of life expectancy. It has assisted in raising the standard of living of the people. It is the fastest growing industry next only to Information Technology. Drugs and Pharmaceutical industry is sunrise industry governed by Research and Development. There is good future of existing as well as new entrepreneurs. Capacity : 15,00,000 Nos. Tablets/Annum 3,00,000 Nos. Capsules/Annum 3,00,000 Nos. Syrup in Bottle/Annum 3,00,000 Nos. Ointment in Tubes/Annum 3,00,000 Nos. Injections in Bottles/Annum 3,00,000 Nos. Dextrose Saline in PET Bottle/Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 43 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 125 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 54.00%
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GELATIN SPONGE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Gelatin sponge is a sterile compressed sponge has hemeostatic properties and in precisely used for controlling bleeding. This absorption is dependent on several factors including the amount used degree of saturation with blood or other fluids and the site of use. Gelatin sponge is a medical device. It should promptly return to its original size with slight expansion in thickness and shape in the solution. It should be held in place with moderate pressure, using a piece of cotton or small gauze sponge until hemeostatic result. Gelatin sponge, by virtue of its versatile usage for hemeostatic function in dental treatment, is gaining eminence and being an innovative product, its demand is increasing. In view of the vast horizons of its field of application, its future scope is very bright.
Plant capacity: 20,000 Nos. / DayPlant & machinery: 89 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 273 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 49.00%
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I V Fluid - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

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Plant capacity: 30000 Bottles/Day, each Bottles 0.5 ltrs. capacityPlant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 49.00%Break even: 40.00%
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MAIZE STARCH & LIQUID GLUCOSE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Maize starch is the most commonly used carbohydrate found in plants. Industrially, starch is classified into two types viz. natural & modified starch. It has many industrial applications, varying from the pulp and paper industry to the food industry. In fact, it is used as a thickener in improving the texture of many foods and can be used as a thickening agent for sauces, gravies, puddings and pie fillings. Raw starch is widely used as adhesive in corrugated & laminated paper boards. India is one of the major producers of maize in the world. It is grown in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Mysore and Haryana. Liquid glucose is mostly used in the confectionery industry. It is also used in other firms, ranging from leather to textile industries. The principle raw material required is starch and mineral acid plus amylolytic enzymes. The domestic demand is 4000 M.T. per annum, which clearly indicates that there is a high demand of maize starch and liquid glucose. A new entrepreneur can well venture into this field since the biggest end user is pharmaceuticals.
Plant capacity: 61.56 MT/Day (Maize Starch), 50 MT /Day (Liquid Glucose) Plant & machinery: 2 Crores
Working capital: -T.C.I: 20 Crores
Return: 47.00%Break even: 28.00%
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Modified Potato Starch - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Potato starch is essential as a universal binding and food thickening agent. Leveraging on over expertise in potato starch production, we began producing modified potato starch that is specially customized for various applications in food, textile and paper manufacturing industries. It is estimated that about 5 million tons of starch are currently used by the world paper industry that is about 1.5% starch by weight including all grades of paper and paperboard. Modified starch opportunities in Asia is expected to grow at a faster rate than paper production growth due to improvement in paper quality and utilization of higher than used amounts of recycled fibres, agricultural fibres and mineral fillers.
Plant capacity: 167 MT / DayPlant & machinery: 463 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 3843 Lakhs
Return: 51.00%Break even: 27.00%
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Pharmaceutical Industry - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The foundation of the modern Indian pharmaceutical industry was laid at the start of the current century in 1901, a small factory known as the Bengal chemical and pharmaceutical works was established in Kolkata. The various forms of formulations are available in three groups; powder, tablets & pills and Liquids. Powder is the one of the oldest forms of formulations which is directly used by the patient with the advent of forms medicines, direct use of powder has declined substantially. Powder in a way is a crude yarn of bulk drug. It requires minimum additives in bulk drug to reach upto formulations tablets and pills are solid pharmaceutical dosage, prepared by compressing or moulding, before many years, pills were made by community pharmasist manually. The size of pills and its use differed from patient to patient, but with the advent of modern technology, it has been possible to make pills through machines. So large scale production started and then give the birth to tablets. Tablets and pills are most popular for oral use. Tablets are found in various shapes like round oval, cylindrical etc. Liquid forms can be divided in two groups:- liquids for oral use, injectable liquids. Liquids for oral use is found mostly in the form of syrup elixite and suspension. Liquids are easier to take than tablets or capsules particularly for the infant and the patients who cannot take tablets. Injectable liquids are more concentrated and do not require any additive to remove unpleasant taste and odour. There are treated through injection either muscular or intravenous. It immediately mixes with the blood and reach to all parts of the body wherever it is required. Capacity : 30,000 Nos. Bruphen Tablets/Day 30,000 Nos. Vitamin B1-B2 Capsule/Day 3000 Nos. Bottles Paracetamol Syrup/Day 4000 Nos. Dry Ointment / Day 4000 Nos. Bottles Dextrose Saline / Day 6000 Nos. Injection Striptomycine / Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 258 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 740 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Gelatin from Bones - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Gelatin (derived from the Latin world ‘gelatos’ = frozen or stiff) contain 80–90% of protein and is not only used extensively in the pharmaceutical, food and photo graphic industry, but also in such diverse industries as cosmetics, metal refining, paper, plastics and toiletries. The raw material for gelatin is naturally occurring protein collagen, which is commercially source from meat and leather industry. From its earliest rudimentary culinary uses, when boiled up into broth, which when cooled produce a nutrious, jelly, gelatin now manufactured on a commercial scale to stringent technical specification to meet the demands of variety of industries. Gelatin is obtained from selective hydrolysis of collagen, the major inter cellular protein constituent of the white connective tissue of animal skin and bones. It is consists of a mixture of water-soluble protein having a high average gel in medium upon complete hydrolysis it yield aqueous various amino acid. Gelatin is never found in nature and contrary to popular belief, it is not made hoof horns of animals, the production of ossein in India is around 11,000 tonnes per annum against an installed capacity of 15,000 tonnes. The production of gelatin is around 3500 tpa. Beside demand of gelatin in India, the export potential is quite large, so there is wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 600 Ton/AnnumPlant & machinery: 82 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 274 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 49.00%
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STARCH AND ALLIED PRODUCTS FROM MAIZE(Starch, Liquid Glucose, Dextrose Monohydrate, Dextrose Anhydrous, Sorbitol and Vitamin C)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Plant Layout

Starch is a group of polysaccharides, composed of glucopyranose units joined together by-glucosidric linkages. It conforms to the molecular formula, (C6-H10O5)n, where n varies from a few hundred to over one million. Starch is found as the reserve carbohydrate in various parts of plants and is enzymatically broken down to glucose to other carbohydrates according to the metabolic needs of the plants. Industrially, starch is broadly divided into two types viz., natural and modified. Natural starches also designated as unmodified starches or simply starches are obtained from grains such as sorghum. From roots like potato, tapioca and arrowroot, and from the pith of the stems of certain palms such as sago. They are further classified into cereal starches and root starches. The characteristics of the natural starches are changed by chemical or enzymatic action and the products of these reactions are termed modified starches. This group includes dextrin, acid-modified starches, oxidized starches, starch esters, starch ethers, dialdehyde starches, and cationic starches. Starch can be obtained from maize, sorghum, roots and tubers such as tapioca, arrowroot, potato and from the pith of the stems of certain palms such as sago. Physical and chemical properties of starch vary according to the raw material from which it is derived. Starch is a high polymeric carbohydrate with the molecular formula (C6H10O5)n where n varies from a few hundred to over one granules, usually made up of both a linear polymer (amylose) and a branched polymer dissolves in hot water. Starch granules gelatinize in water when the temperature is raised to about 60-700C. At higher temperatures they well progressively to form a paste or solution and the shorter, linear molecules dissolve. The solutions form a gel on cooling depending upon the variety and concentration of starch present. Starch is an absorbent for water. Under normal atmospheric conditions most starches contain 10-17% moisture. Starch and Glucose are reserved carbohydrates of plants and are therefore widely distributed in their crude form. They can be found in almost all fruits, vegetables and corns. There is no definite information as to how they were initially obtained. But different countries are known to be using different agricultural sources for production of starch. While Japan and the European countries produce starch from potatoes, America from corn, countries like Thailand and Brazil are understood to be producing starch mainly from tapioca. In the case of India, starch is being produced from Maize as well as tapioca. While the units producing starch from maize are concentrated in large sector, the units producing starch from tapioca are large concentrated in the small-scale sector. Commercially glucose is produced from starch only and these two products are generally made in the same unit side by side. The history of starch and glucose Industry dates back to early forties before the Second World War starch used to be imported from European countries. But owing to difficulties in importing starch and difficulties in continuing the production of cotton textiles (where starch finds its extensive use in the manufacture of adhesives, sizing and finishing in textiles) two units namely Anil starch products with their factories located at Ahmedabad, in the year 1939 and 1941 respectively. Starch and Glucose can be used in different end use industries such as in the manufacture of adhesives, sizing and finishing in textiles, thickening agents in gravies, custards, and confectioneries. Sizing papers, Cosmetics, explosives, reagent, face powders, indicators in domestic analysis, water soluble packaging films, book bindings fabrics, distilled liquors, malt sugar, cattle feed ingredient, rubber reinforcing resins etc.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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