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Maize, Corn and its By Products, value added Products, Derivatives, Maize Processing Industry, Corn Starch, Dextrose, Liquid Glucose, Sorbitol, Oil, Gluten, Germ Oil, Wet Milling, Maize Starch Plant & related Products, High-Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS)

Agriculture is one of the strongholds of the Indian economy and accounts for 18.5 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product .Maize is a coarse grain and it is now being accepted as staple diet and its demand is increasing year by year. In India, maize is the third important cereal crop after rice and wheat in terms of area. Currently, 49 per cent of maize output is used as poultry feed, 12 per cent as animal feed, 25 per cent as food, 13 per cent in starch and other industries, and 1 per cent as seed. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra are the major maize producing states. The products from maize are value added products which include maize starch, liquid glucose, dextrose monohydrate, anhydrous dextrose, sorbitol, corn gluten to name a few.In India, the prime source of starch is maize and the textile industry is for long the largest buyer of maize starch in India.

In India, maize is a kharif crop with harvests and arrivals due only from October onwards. Kharif contributes over 80 per cent of the entire maize output. Bulk of the maize produced in the country goes for production of poultry feed. It is estimated that the demand for maize from the poultry industry would rise by about 6 per cent. About twelve states which include Bihar, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Delhi account for over 50 per cent of the total maize acreage in the country. Increasing demand from Poultry sector is likely to substantially hike maize consumption to go over 30 million tons by 2020.

The current level of maize yield in the country (2.17 MT/Ha) is far behind the global average of 5 MT/Ha, and there is a huge scope for improvement in yield by improving the adoption of hybrids, particularly in traditional maize growing regions. With the growing demand from feed and starch sector, the overall demand for maize is likely to grow at a brisk pace. India has a huge potential to increase its market share and to make its presence felt in the global maize market.

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STARCH AND ALLIED PRODUCTS FROM MAIZE (Starch, Liquid Glucose, Dextrose Monohydrate, Dextrose Anyhdrous, Sorbitol and Vitamin – C) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey

Starch is a group of polysaccharides, composed of glucopyranose units joined together by glucosidric linkages. It conforms to the molecular formula, (C6 H10O5)n, where n varies from a few hundred to over one million. Starch is found as the reserve carbohydrate in various parts of plants and is enzymatically broken down to glucose to other carbohydrates according to the metabolic needs of the plants. Industrially, starch is broadly divided into two types viz., natural and modified. Natural starches also designated as unmodified starches or simply starches are obtained from grains such as sorghum, from roots like potato, tapioca and arrowroot, and from the pith of the stems of certain palms such as sago. They are further classified into cereal starches and root starches. The characteristics of the natural starches are changed by chemical or enzymatic action and the products of these reactions are termed modified starches. This group includes dextrins, acid-modified starches, oxidized starches, starch esters, starch ethers, dialdehyde starches, and cationic starches. The cereal starches, such as maize, wheat, rice and sorghum, are recovered by several processes, of which the wet milling is by far the most important. Other starches include that of potato & tapioca plant. Physical and chemical properties of starch vary according to the raw material from which it is derived. Starch has many industrial applications in industries like textile, food, paper, pharmaceutical, in the manufacture of glucose and dextrose by hydrolysis, manufacture of modified starches, etc. There are many units as at present in the country producing starch from Maize and three units producing starch from Tapioca in the organized sector. The capacity for starch from Maize accounts for more than 80 per cent of the installed capacity in the organized sector. As against the organized sector, there are a number of units in the small and cottage sector producing starch mainly from tapioca. As regards glucose it is produced in solid as well as liquid form. The production of glucose is not possible in the small sector and therefore its production is not as widely spread as that of starch. Eight units manufacturing starch in the organized sector also produce liquid glucose simultaneously. There are many units as at present in the country producing starch from Maize and three units producing starch from Tapioca in the organized sector. The capacity for starch from Maize accounts for more than 80 per cent of the installed capacity in the organized sector. As against the organized sector, there are a number of units in the small and cottage sector producing starch mainly from tapioca. As regards glucose it is produced in solid as well as liquid form. The production of glucose is not possible in the small sector and therefore its production is not as widely spread as that of starch. Eight units manufacturing starch in the organized sector also produce liquid glucose simultaneously. There is an ample space for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Anil Products Ltd. Anil Starch Products Ltd. Bharat Starch Inds. Ltd. English Indian Clays Ltd. Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd. International Bestfoods Ltd. K G Gluco Biols Ltd. Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd. Karnataka State Agro Corn Products Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Pondicherry Agro Service & Inds. Corpn. Ltd. Rai Agro Inds. Ltd. Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd. Santosh Starch Ltd. Santosh Starch Products Ltd. Sayaji Industries Ltd. Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Unique Sugars Ltd. Universal Starch Chem Allied Ltd. Wockhardt Health Care Ltd. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 30000MT Maize Starch 600 MT Liquid Glucose 3900 MT Dextrose Monohydrate 300 MT Dextrose Anhydrous 17100 MT Sorbitol 150000 Kg/Annum Vitamin C
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 780 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2590 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Maize Starch & Liquid Glucose - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Starch is a group of polysaccharides, composed of glucopyranose units joined together by glucosidric linkages. It conforms to the molecular formula. Where a varies from a few hundred to over one million. Starch is found as the reserve carbohydrate in various parts of plants and is enzymetically broken down to glucose to other carbohydrates according to the metabolic needs of the plants. Starch has many industrial applications. These include (a) Textile Industry (b) Food Industry (c) Paper Industry (d) Pharmaceutical Industry (e) Manufacture of modified starch. Liquid Glucose produced in India is consumed by the confectionery industry. It is used also in textile printing and in biscuit and canning industries, tanning and tobacco curing. This is used in leather, textile, pharmaceutical and other industries. The history of starch industry dates back to early forties. There are few units at present in the country producing starch from maize and three units producing starch from Tapioca in the organized sector. There is bright market potential for maize starch and liquid glucose. New entrepreneurs can venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Anil Products Ltd. Anil Starch Products Ltd. [Merged] Bharat Starch Inds. Ltd. [Merged] English Indian Clays Ltd. Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. [Merged] Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd. International Bestfoods Ltd. [Merged] K G Gluco Biols Ltd. [Merged] Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd. Karnataka State Agro Corn Products Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Pondicherry Agro Service & Inds. Corpn. Ltd. Rai Agro Inds. Ltd. Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd. Santosh Starch Ltd. Santosh Starch Products Ltd. Sayaji Industries Ltd. Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Unique Sugars Ltd. Universal Starch-Chem Allied Ltd. Wockhardt Health Care Ltd. [Merged] Cost Estimation: Capacity : Maize Starch 22312 MT/Annum Liquid Glucose 8925 MT/Annum Germ (Bye Product) 1785 MT/Annum Fibre (Bye Product) 892 MT/Annum Steep Water (Bye Product) 2677 MT/Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 1477 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2425 Lakhs
Return: 41.00%Break even: 44.00%
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MODIFIED POTATO STARCH - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

PRODUCT PROFILE Potato starch is starch extracted from potatoes. The cells of the root tubers of the potato plant contain starch grains (leucoplasts). To extract the starch, the potatoes are crushed; the starch grains are released from the destroyed cells. The starch is then washed out and dried to powder. Potato starch is essential as a universal binding and food thickening agent. Leveraging on potato starch production and producing modified potato starch that is specially customized for various applications in food, textile and paper manufacturing industries. Product characteristics Appearance - powder a clear white colour Surface of starch granules app. 30 ha/g Specific density app. 1.55 g/ml Specific heat 1.22 J/g Bulk weight of starch 80% DS app. 0.7 g/ml DS of moist centrifuge app. 0.6 g/ml Brightness (MgO2 = 100%) app. 95 % Size ranges between 5 and 100 ?m Applications Starch and modified starches have a broad range of applications both in the food and non food sectors. The largest users of starch in the EU (30%) are the paper, cardboard and corrugating industries. Other important fields of starch application are textiles, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, construction and paints. In the medium and long run starch will play an increasing role in the field of “renewable raw materials” for the production of biodegradable plastics, packaging material and moulds. The powder has very consistent as the major raw materials are available in house with very good quality. The best value provided by the modified starch over native starch is the reduction in downtime and improvement in paper quality. Additional benefits offered by the modified starches are improvement in wastewater discharge quality with charged starches, elimination of chemical and equipment for on site conversion of native starches, reduction in labor costs due to the simplicity of cooking and using modified starches etc. Global demand Starch, one of the most present biomaterials has witnessed significant developments over the years. After witnessing a temporary dip in growth in the year 2008 and 2009, the world market for starch, by consumption is expected to recover and register healthy growth to reach 80 million metric ton by 2015. The Global starch market is likely to get respite from deceleration in its market growth, with growth poised to receive a new lease of life in the next few years, thanks to the growing consumption of liquid starches and modified starches. The modified starch market is projected to be the fastest growing segment over the period 2007-2015. The US represents the largest geographic market for starch, having accounted for a share of about 51% in the total volume of starch consumed in 2009. Given the countrys large per capita income, the demand for starch in the US has been steadily on the rise. Asia Pacific represents the fastest growing market over the period 2007-2015. Growing employment opportunities, and subsequent increase in per capita income over the last few years, particularly in China and India, have been driving the growing demand for starch in the region. The demand of the product in the market is immense and therefore its market position is splendid. Hence it is an excellent field to venture.
Plant capacity: 45000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 654 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of the project: 1618 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 50.00%
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MAIZE PROCESSING (Maize Starch, Liquid Glucose, Gluten, Dextrose) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

PRODUCT PROFILE The maize also called "Corn or Indian Corn" is widely cultivated in India; Maize ranks high among the four or five principal cereal crops of the world. Maize is utilized in more diversified ways than any other cereal. Starch is the main product of a maize processing unit, which is consumed in various other industries like food, pharmaceuticals, textiles, paper, hotels and restaurants, etc. The other products include Gluten, Germ, Fiber (husk) and Corn Steep Liquor. Gluten has great demand in animal feed industry because of its high protein content (70%). Germ is expressed to extract germ oil which is low cholesterol containing edible oil. Fiber, mainly the husk, is used by animal feed manufacturers. It has demand in wet form itself for animal feed. Corn Steep Liquor is one of the substrates for culture media for manufacturing of antibiotics and other microbial production systems. Applications Besides food, maize and maize products have numerous industrial uses such as in adhesives, explosives and soaps, and for textile sizing, etc. Maize starch is employed in the manufacture of asbestos, ceramics, dyes, plastics, oil cloth, linoleum, paper, and paper boards, and in textiles, mining, deep oil drilling, and cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. The derivatives of maize starch include glucose or corn syrup, corn sugar, dextrin, and industrial alcohol, which is employed in different industries. The grain is used for making various alcoholic beverages. Corn oil obtained from the embryo (i.e. young plant in its earliest stages of development) is used in paints, varnishes, rubber substitutes and as a cooking medium. Maize starch is extensively used as a sizing material in the textile and paper industries. In the food industry, it is used in the preparation of pies, puddings, lad dressings and confections. The further use of the products of maize are Dextrose (used in baking, beverage and canning industries), Maize Starch Syrup (used in the food processing industry, chiefly in confectionery), Pop corn and the various by products of maize are maize oil, seen, steep water etc. Global demand The viability of a maize processing plant depends upon the availability and uninterrupted supply of raw material to the unit. On an average, a unit with a crushing capacity of 100 MT/ day will require about 30000 MT of maize per year (assuming 300 days of operation of the plant). Hence, the availability of raw material is one of the important considerations in deciding the location of maize processing unit. Maize is the most widely grown crop in the Americas with 332 million metric tons grown annually in the United States alone. Approximately 40% of the crop 130 million tons is used for corn ethanol, transgenic maize (Genetically Modified Corn) made up 85% of the maize planted in the United States in 2009. While natural maize varieties grow to 12 meters (39 ft) tall, most commercially grown maize has been bred for a standardized height of 2.5 meters (8.2 ft). Sweet corn is usually shorter than field corn varieties. The starch is the main product of a maize processing unit, which is consumed in various other industries like food, pharmaceuticals, textiles, paper, hotels and restaurants, etc. The Starch industry in India is thus poised to rapid strides once again keeping behind the impacts of the global recession during recent years. The target of indigenous production of over 6 million MT will require the Indian Starch industry to increase their production during the next ten years. To meet the growing demand, per hectare yield of maize is estimated to rise to 2.36 MT as against 1.7 MT currently by the end of 2020. Therefore the scope for this product is very bright. An entrepreneur venturing into this project will find it very lucrative. Cost Estimation: Capacity: 200MT Maize processed/day Starch 133 MT/day Glucose 20 MT/day Gluten 18 MT/day Germ 8 MT/day Fiber 4MT/day Steep Water 12MT/day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 3175 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 7310 Lakhs
Return: 33.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Maize Wet Milling Process - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile Maize is third important cereal/crop after wheat and rice and has a great potential of processing due to its high nutritive value and commercial uses. Maize (also known as corn) is common name for a cereal grass widely grown for food and livestock fodder. Maize ranks with wheat and rice as one of the world’s chief grain crops. Starch is produced from maize than any other crop. Maize is the most important raw material for industrial starch. Other products are germ; corn gluten and fiber. There is basic series of dry milling or wet milling process required for getting optimum quality products. Both the milling processes have merits and demerits of the quality of products and cost effectiveness. In case of wet milling there is series step for cleaning, steeping wet grinding centrifuging, drying and packaging. The whole wet milling process required large amount of demineralized water. There is also larger amount environmental pollution problem, which should be neutralized by preliminary treatment to get neutral effluent. There is larger amount of raw material available in India, which can exploit by manufacturing different available product in the maize. Manufacturing process technology is available in India, for the manufacturing of maize base products. Major plant and machineries are available in India. Few of them require to import. All the products manufactured from maize are food base product so it has very good market demand now as well as it will be stay in future also due to rapid population growth. As a whole the project is good one. Properties Starch: It is white, amorphous non crystalline powder, it can be acid hydrolyzed to form dextrose or it may be enzymatic hydrolysis to form dextrose. It is insoluble in water and forms irreversible gel in the hot water. It swells water at room temperature Zein/Maize Protein: White to slightly yellow powder; odorless, nontoxic protein of the prolamine class, derived from corn; contains 17 amino acids; tasteless; free of cystine, lysine, and tryptophane. A resinous material dispersible in water with neutral sulfonated castor oil; soluble in dilute alcohol; insoluble in water, dilute acids, anhydrous alcohol, turpentine, esters, oils, fats; d 1.226 Combustible. Germ: It is yellowish solid product & Content mostly total part as fat. Fiber: It is bright yellow crystal powder, ash content about 5% ? Applications Maize has several kinds of applications in the form of maize starch, maize fiber, germ, corn etc. Maize starch forms viscous, relatively short and opaque paste with cereal flavor. Its paste sets to stiff gels. It is widely used for thickening sauces, gravies, puddings and pie fillings. Maize starch finds numerous uses in the bakery industry for the production of cakes, cookies, in ice cream preparations etc. In Paper industry a large quantity of starch is consumed as a surface sizing agent, as a binder, as a paper coating agent etc. In textile industry, starch is used in sizing to strengthen the warp yarn, in finishing and changing the appearance of fabric after it is bleached, dyed or printed, in printing and increase the consistency of printing pastes. Also starch is used as a component in finishing agent to glaze and polish sizing thread. Maize Fiber can be used for the preparation of cattle feed production, manufacturing of non caloric high fiber food products, essential chemicals, vitamins and for making of natural food colour. Germ is used for making corn oil; maize (corn) protein is used for manufacturing of gluten, preparation of glutanic acid as well as other available amino acids. It may also be used for the protein substitute in the different food products. Market Scenario The production of maize is likely to go up by 19 per cent to touch 21 million tons in 2010 11. India is estimated to generate an annual demand of nearly 23 million ton of corn by 2011-12. According to Vision 2025, released on Thursday by Indian Maize Development Association (IMDA), India's demand for maize is likely to be 22.73 million tons in 2011-12, out of which 19.66 million tons would be for non-food uses like poultry and cattle feed. IMDA also said that total production of maize is estimated to rise to 42 million tons in 2025 from a projected 22 million tons in 2010, if the output increases by 6 to 7 million ton in every five year. India, Asia’s second-largest grower of corn after China, generally sells around two to three million tons of corn a year in global trade of about 90 million tons. Cost Estimation: Capacity : Maize Starch: 69300 MT/Annum Maize Zein/Protein: 5940 MT/Annum Maize Fiber Flour: 7920 MT/Annum Maize Germ: 7920 MT/Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 2531 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project : 4639 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Maize Processing - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Profile Maize is one of the cereal grains which produces throughout India and is placed 3rd position in agricultural base production. The products from maize are value added products which include maize starch, liquid glucose, dextrose monohydrate, anhydrous dextrose, sorbitol, corn gluten to name a few. In India, the prime source of starch is maize and the textile industry is for long the largest buyer of maize starch in India. Maize is constituted by hull, germ, protein, starch and moisture. There is dry and wet milling process of manufacturing of starch, zein, germ and hulls. Starch is the basic constituent of maize and it is converted to liquid glucose by adopting series of digestion steps on starch. It will be basically enzyme and acid digestion system. It may be enzyme - enzyme system or only acid digestion system. In the production of liquid glucose there is some production of dextrose anhydride. Maize (Corn) contains about 70% starch, other components being protein, fibers and fat. Application • Starch can be potentially used in large number of preparations. Its major applications are in textiles and paper manufacture and in food and pharmaceutical industries. Starch is used in the manufacture of number of products such as starch esters, starch phosphates, glucose, dextrose, sorbitol, ethyl alcohol etc. • Main use of corn oil is in cooking, where its high smoke point makes refined corn oil valuable frying oil. It is also a key ingredient in some margarines • Corn starch is used as a thickening agent in soups and liquid-based foods, such as sauces, gravies and custards. • Corn syrup is used in foods to soften texture, add volume, prevent crystallization of sugar, and enhance flavor ? Market Potential India is the fifth largest producer of maize in the world contributing 3% of the global production. In India, maize is grown in all the seasons i.e., kharif, rabi and summer. Of these three seasons, nearly 90% of the production is from kharif season, 7-8% during rabi season and remaining 1-2% during summer season. India produces around 10 million ton of maize. Karnataka is the leading producer of maize in India as it falls under the corn belt of India and produces 15 % of India’s total produce. About 50 % of the total Indian produce is consumed as poultry feed and about 8 % is consumed by the starch industry. Cost Estimation: Capacity : Starch - 5250 MT/Annum Dextrose Monohydrate – 4500 MT/Annum Liquid Glucose - 1125 MT/Annum Oxidised Starch - 562 MT/Annum Hull- By product – 900 MT/Annum Zein- By product – 1800 MT/Annum Germ- By product – 1800 MT/Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 216 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of the Project : 630 Lakh
Return: 42.00%Break even: 57.00%
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MAIZE & ITS BY PRODUCTS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Maize is one of the cereal grains which produces through out India and is placed 3rd position in agricultural base production. Maize is constituted by hull, germ, protein, starch and moisture. There is dry and wet milling process of manufacturing of starch, zein, germ and hulls. Starch is the basic constituent of maize and it is converted to liquid glucose by adopting series of digestion steps on starch. It will be basically enzyme and acid digestion system. It may be enzyme enzyme system or only acid digestion system. In the production of liquid glucose there is some production of dextrose anhydride. There are several plant and machinery required for the production of dextrose such as Digestion Tank, Digestion Column, Jacketed Reaction Kettle, Ion Exchange Column, Receiver Vessels, Packing Machine and Weighing Machine. For testing the product there is requirement of Spectrophotometer, Glass cylinder, etc. As a whole it can be concluded that there is availability of raw materials according to market demand and it can be stored for long time in the dry place. Handling of the raw material is not difficult. Starch is a tasteless, odorless, white amorphous powder, insoluble in water. All green plants store Starch as nourishment for the future. Starch is one of the fundamental substances in the vegetable kingdom and is in existence abundantly in the natural world. Starch is produced from various sources such as corn (maize), tapioca etc. Starch is a mixture of two polymers namely amylase and amylospectin. Uses & Applications Pure Starches can be physically modified into various products of varied characteristics. Starch can be potentially used in large number of preparations. Its major applications are in textiles and paper manufacture and in food and pharmaceutical industries. Starch is used in the manufacture of number of products such as starch esters, starch phosphates, glucose, dextrose, sorbitol, ethyl alcohol etc. Industry & Specific Uses Food, Paper, Adhesives, Textiles and Many more. Market Survey Maize (Corn) contains about 70% starch, other components being protein, fibers and fat. The basis of the maize milling process is the separation of the maize kernel into its different parts. Maize starch is produced by the wet milling process, which involves grinding of softened maize and separation of corn oil seeds (germs), gluten (proteins), fibers (husk) and finally pure starch. Maize is doing wonderful things in our everyday life. Maize is present in one form or other in: The Food we eat, The Milk we drink, The Chocolates/Biscuits we take, The Clothes we wear, The Paper we read and The Medicines we take. Karnataka, AP, Bihar, MP. UP and Rajasthan are the main maize producing areas. It is also produced in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, HP, Jammu Kashmir, and Orissa. Punjab, West Bengal etc. Expiry rate of maize is fixed according to Nizamabad mandi. Apart from Nizamabad, Karimnagar in AP is also a delivery centre. In Maharashtra, Jalna and Jalgaon are the delivery centres while in Karnataka, Davengere is a delivery centre. Nimbaheda in Rajasthan, Ratlam in MP and Bahraich in UP are the delivery centres which are approved by the NCDEX There is a very good scope and ample space for growth in this field. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as Under: Bharat Starch Inds. Ltd. English Indian Clays Ltd. Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. Hindustan Maize Products Ltd. Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd. International Bestfoods Ltd. Jayant Vitamins Ltd. K G Gluco Biols Ltd. Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Rai Agro Inds. Ltd. Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd. Santosh Starch Ltd. Santosh Starch Products Ltd. Sayaji Industries Ltd. Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Unique Sugars Ltd. Universal Starch Chem Allied Ltd. Wockhardt Health Care Ltd. Cost Estimation Capacity : 15750 Mt Starch/ Annum 3775 MT Liquid Glucose/ Annum 13500 MT Dextrose Monohydrate/ Annum 1800 MT Oxidise Starch/ Annum 2700 MT Hull By Product/ Annum 5400 MT Zein By Product/ Annum 3150 MT Germ By Product/ Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 349 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1137 Lakhs
Return: 57.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Starch & Starch Derivatives (Starch, Glucose, Maltodextrin, High Maltose Syrup & Powder, Dextrose Monohydrate, Dextrose Anhydrate & Sorbitol)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey

Maize (Zea mays) is classified into dent, flint, waxy, sweet and pop corn categories. Dent corn also known as field corn, containing both hard and soft starch, becomes indented at maturity. Flint corn having hard, horny, rounded or short and flat kernels; with the soft and starchy endosperm is enclosed by hard outer layer. Both of these varieties are used for industrial purposes. Popcorn has small pointed and rounded kernels with very hard endosperm which on exposure to dry heat popped or evereted by the expulsion of the contained moisture and forming a White starchy mass many times the size of the original kernel. Sweet corn is distinguished by kernels containing a high percentage of sugar in the milk stage and therefore suitable for table use. Indian maize has white, red, purple, brown or multicoloured kernels and is characteristically dent corn. The dent corn is useful for starch processing by wet milling method. Among all cereals, maize occupies the fifth largest in area, fourth largest in output and third largest in yield. India is the tenth largest producer with a production of 11.10 mMT from an area of 6.6 million ha. The average yield in India is 1.77 MT/ha which is very low as against 7 MT/ha in temperate areas of developed economies and 3.8 MT/ha of global average. USES Maize starch chemical formula (C6H10O5)n also know as Corn starch or flour is a fundamental ingredient in most of the packaged food and industrial products; it is extracted from the corn kernel and has a distinctive appreance and feed. Maize starch in natural ,modified, pregeletanised and dextrinised forms provides viscosity, texture and other desired properties to all types of food & paper, products from canned chilled frozen to microwaveable goods, dry mixes and extruded snacks. Practically every industry in existence uses starch or its derivatives in one form or another. Market Survey Starch is not an uniform commodity, however. It is a heterogeneous commodity used in the manufacture of myriad food and non food products. Market demand for starch is strongly and positively correlated with average per capita income. Starch extracted from different commodities has different properties. Many end users require specific kinds of starch for making their products, and therefore demand starch derived from specific commodities. If the kind of starch they require is not available, then starch may undergo further processing and modification. The demand for modified starch is increasing rapidly but is still far below that of native starch (also called primary starch) in developing countries. Further, starch quality may be affected by post harvest practices. India is the tenth largest producer with a production of 11.10 million MT from an area of 6.6 million ha. The quantity of starch consumed in food and non food products in a country is closely associated with the level of economic development and income of that country. As per capita incomes rise, consumers demand a more varied set of food and manufactured products that use starch in their making. Thus, there is a close and positive relationship between income and quantity of starch demanded. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Amaravati Agro Ltd. Bharat Starch Inds. Ltd. [Merged] E I C L Ltd. Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. [Merged] Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Hindustan Maize Products Ltd. Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd. International Bestfoods Ltd. [Merged] Jayant Vitamins Ltd. K G Gluco Biols Ltd. [Merged] Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Rai Agro Inds. Ltd. Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd. Santosh Starch Ltd. Santosh Starch Products Ltd. Sayaji Industries Ltd. Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Tan India Ltd. Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Unicorn Organics Ltd. Unique Sugars Ltd. Universal Starch Chem Allied Ltd. Wockhardt Health Care Ltd. [Merged] Cost Estimation Capacity Maize Starch : 100 MT/Day Liquid Glucose : 50 MT/Day Malto Dextrin Syrup : 20 MT/ Day Malto Dextrin Powder: 10 MT/ Day Dextrose Monohydrate: 50 MT/ Day Dextrose Anhydrous: 30 MT/ Day Sorbitol : 50 MT /Day Cattle Feed as By Product :150 Mt/ Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: Rs.145 Crores
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs.213 Crores
Return: 44.00%Break even: 31.00%
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Starch & Allied Products from Maize with Co Generation Plant - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Maize is third important cereal/crop after wheat and rice and has a great potential of processing due to its high nutritive value and commercial uses. Maize (also known as corn) is common name for a cereal grass widely grown for food and livestock fodder. The major maize growing states are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka and Jammu & Kashmir, jointly accounting for over 95% of the national maize production. Maize ranks with wheat and rice as one of the world’s chief grain crops. Starch is produced from maize than any other crop. Starch is a naturally occurring biodegradable polymer and readily available from agriculture. It is widely used in food and non food applications and isolated from crops such as maize, potatoes, tapioca, rice and wheat. Starch is therefore an inexpensive and commodity material. For packaging use however, dry starch is not thermoplastic and its granular form is unsuitable for most uses in the plastics industry, mainly due to processing difficulties during extrusion or injection moulding. Uses Maize starch is used in the textile industry as an adhesive to strengthen yarn and to improve its resistance to abrasion during weaving. It is used in finishing changing the appearance after it is bleached, dyed and printed. It is used in printing of textiles to increase the consistency of the printing paste. It is used for glazing and polishing sewing thread. It is used as a thickener in improving the texture of many foods. Texture is a major factor in the acceptability and palatability of most food products. It is used for thickening sauces, gravies, puddings and pie fillings. Maize starch makes hard wheat flour softer, which is preferred for cakes. Cornstarch is used to give strength to ice cream cones and sugar wafer shells. It is used as an inert ingredient in baking powder and in salad dressings. In paper industry it is used to increase paper strength, to increase stiffness and rattle of paper. Drugs and medicine are taken in small but accurate dose. This is done by their administration in the form of pills, which contain fillers. Starch is preferred because it is bland, odourless and easily capable of digestion. Starch is also used in foundry industry. The major use of raw starches as abrasives is in corrugated boards, laminated paperboard etc. Market Survey Market demand for starch is strongly and positively correlated with average per capita income. Starch extracted from different commodities has different properties. Many end users require specific kinds of starch for making their products, and therefore demand starch derived from specific commodities. India is the tenth largest producer with a production of 11.10 million MT from an area of 6.6 million ha. Demand for starch is high from varied users like food, pharmaceuticals, textiles, paper, packaging etc. The demand is likely to increase to 186 lakh MT by 2013 2014. The trends in India indicate that coarse cereals are now increasingly used as industrial products such as starches. Efforts are required to develop high yielding varieties of coarse with desired characteristics for different uses and to explore new food uses. The growth of glucose industry is also understood to have grown more or less at the same rate. Further the capacity utilization on an average is also under stood to be at around 45% in case of glucose industry. With the increasing demand and with increasing capacity utilization, it is expected that the glucose production would also increase substantially in the future and thereby it would contribute to the demand for starch as well in the future. With such a growth, the demand for liquid glucose is also simultaneously increasing which account for a major consumption in the industry. There is larger amount of raw material available in India, which can exploit by manufacturing different available product in the maize. All the products manufactured from maize are food base product so it has very good market demand now as well as it will be stay in future also due to rapid population growth. As a whole the project is good one. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Amaravati Agro Ltd. Bharat Starch Inds. Ltd. E I C L Ltd. Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Hindustan Maize Products Ltd. Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd. International Bestfoods Ltd. Jayant Vitamins Ltd. K G Gluco Biols Ltd. Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Rai Agro Inds. Ltd. Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd. Santosh Starch Ltd. Santosh Starch Products Ltd. Sayaji Industries Ltd. Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Tan India Ltd. Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Unicorn Organics Ltd. Unique Sugars Ltd. Universal Starch Chem Allied Ltd. Wockhardt Health Care Ltd. ? Cost Estimation Capacity Starch : 100 MT/Day Dextrose Monohydrate : 13 MT/ Day Dextrose Anhydrous : 10 MT/ Day Sorbitol : 17 MT /Day Vitamin C : 0.5 MT /Day Gluten Feed : 22.50 MT/ Day Germ Oil : 10.00 MT/ Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: Rs.1029 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs.2807 Lakhs
Return: 52.00%Break even: 30.00%
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Sorbitol - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Sorbitol is one of many sugar alcohols found in nature that gets metabolized slower in our bodies than other normal dietary sugars. Also known as glucitol, sorbitol is a result of the hydrogenation of the aldehyde moiety of glucose, giving glucose a terminal hydroxyl group. This is significant in its pharmacology and lower caloric yield. Sorbitol is low caloric refined sugar alcohol, which is produced from dextrose. Chemically it is hexahydric alcohol and is also known as hexatol, D Glucitol and D Sorbitol. Chemically, Sorbitol is a hexitol, C6H14O6, found in nature as the sweet constituent of many berries and fruits best known from Sorbus aucuparia (Rowan or European Rowan) from which it was isolated for the first time in 1872. Sorbitol is today commercially produced from starch by enzymatic hydrolysis and catalytic hydrogenation. It has wide applications as a sweetener and humectant. Sorbitol has a smooth mouth feel with a sweet, cool and pleasant taste. It shares many applications with propylene glycol and glycerine and glycerine provides hard competition in the market for humectants. Sorbitol acts as a crystallization modifier or inhibitor; it can prevent syrups from forming crystals of sugar. It is used to add body and viscosity to mixtures, and can protect against damage from freezing (cryoprotectant) and drying. Applications & Uses Sorbitol, together with other polyhydric alcohols such as glycerol, is one of the ingredients in alkyl resins and rigid polyurethane foams manufacturing. In tobacco industries, sorbitol may give mild effect in sniff, good humectant agent, and avoid acrolein formation which formed in burned glycerine. Sorbitol is used as softener and colour stabiliser in textiles and as softener in leather industries. Sorbitol sweet tastes form a viscous solution, stabilises moisture, possesses bacterio static property and is generally chemically inert. These features and properties make sorbitol an ideal and preferred ingredient in many products. It is being used by pharmaceutical industry, tooth paste manufacturers, food products industry, Oral Hygiene, Skin Cream and Cream Foundation, Textiles, Tobacco, Confectionery, Cosmetics, Emulsion, Diabetic Diets and many others. The increasing use of sorbitol in various end uses has made many big manufacturers to take interest in manufacturing of this. Looking to the trends the world economy. Market Survey Sorbitol is an organic chemical, having varied end uses. It is edible, non crystalline, odorless, white powder and having sweet cooling taste. It is highly soluble in water and slightly in methylalcohol. Sorbitol solutions are high stable. It is marketed mostly in the form of 70 per cent solution. The process involved is very simple, raw materials are indigenously available, technical knowhow is easily available and all these make the project very attractive one. An attempt is made here to study the state and structure of the industry. It is felt that sorbitol will have a very good future. The demand for sorbitol would depend upon the development of its end uses and the shape these end uses industries are likely to take in the future. Pharma and the dentifrice sector are expected to continue dominating the market for sorbitol. A newly developing outlet for sorbitol is its use in producing clarifying agents for polypropylene. Clarifying agents enable polypropylene to substitute for higher cost polymers in food packaging, drinking cups and house wares. Demand for transparent packages and resin moldings are increasing worldwide. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Amaravati Agro Ltd. Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Hindustan Maize Products Ltd. Jayant Vitamins Ltd. Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Tan India Ltd. Unicorn Organics Ltd.
Plant capacity: 47 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 869 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 1235 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 41.00%
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