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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Ghana, West Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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CEMENT PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

The term cement is used to designate many different kinds of substances that are used as binders. The term cements as used henceforth will be confined to inorganic hydraulic cements, principally Portland cement. India is the second-largest producer of cement in the world after China with industry capacity of approximately 160 MT in 2006. The cement industry is regional in nature due to the concentration of limestone reserves located in a few states. This has resulted in a surplus situation in some regions and a deficit in others. Demand for cement has grown at a CAGR of 9.1% in the last two years with supply growing at a CAGR of 8.2% in the same period. With a large amount of infrastructure activities being planned in commercial, real estate and housing sector along with huge development works in roads, railways, ports and hydel projects, we expect the cement demand growth momentum to stay intact. We expect this to have a positive impact on cement prices in different regions till new capacities come up by mid-FY09. Demand for cement is correlated to the GDP growth of the country, infrastructure and industrial capex as well as exports. Strong GDP growth expected in the coming years and huge planned investments should result in healthy growth in the cement demand. The Indian economy continues to be on a much stronger growth path driven by increased amount of infrastructure spending and capex. The economy is expected to grow by 8% for the next two to three years, which will drive an increased demand growth for the cement industry. The cement demand is expected to grow at a CAGR of 10% at least for the next three years. The cement industry witnessed serious M&A activity in the past few years, as a result of which the top four players now account for almost 52-55% of the installed cement capacity of India, as against 40-42% in FY00.The M&A activity have also had global participants. The growing presence of international players bring with them better technology and operational efficiencies which could significantly alter pricing patterns. The cement industry has witnessed substantial reorganization of capacities during the last couple of years. Some examples of the consolidation witnessed during the recent past include: Gujarat Ambuja taking a stake of 14% in ACC; Gujarat Ambuja taking over DLF Cements and Modi Cement; India Cement taking over Raasi Cement and Sri Vishnu Cement; Grasim's acquisition of the cement business of L&T; Indian Rayon's cement division merging with Grasim; Grasim taking over Sri Digvijay Cements; L&T taking over Narmada Cements; ACC taking over IDCOL. There is a very good scope and market potential of cement right now. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: A C C Ltd. Alcon Cement Co. Pvt. Ltd. Ambala Cements Ltd. Ambuja Cements Ltd. Amirgadh Cements Ltd. Andhra Cements Ltd. Anjani Portland Cement Ltd. B R Cement Industry Ltd. Bagalkot Udyog Ltd. Balaram Cements Ltd. Banjara Cements Ltd. Barak Valley Cements Ltd. Basera Cements Ltd. Bheema Cements Ltd. Bhilai Jaypee Cement Ltd. Binani Cement Ltd. Birla Corporation Ltd. Bokaro Jaypee Cement Ltd. Burnpur Cement Ltd. C C L International Ltd. Cement Corpn. Of India Ltd. Cement Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Century Textiles & Inds. Ltd. Chaanakya Cements Ltd. Chenab Cement Ltd. Cheran Cement Ltd. Chettinad Cement Corpn. Ltd. Cochin Cements Ltd. Concorde Cement Pvt. Ltd. D L F Cement Ltd. Dakshin Cements Ltd. Dalmia Cement (Bharat) Ltd. Dalmia Cement Ventures Ltd. Deccan Cements Ltd. Desai Cement Co. Ltd. Deva Drill Tech (India) Ltd. Dhar Cement Ltd. G K W Cement Ltd. Gangotri Cement Ltd. Garden Cements Ltd. Greygold Cements Ltd. Gujarat High Tech Inds. Ltd. Gujarat Himalaya Cements Ltd. Gujarat Jaypee Cement & Infrastructure Ltd. Gujarat Sidhee Cement Ltd. Heidelberg Cement India Ltd. Hemadri Cements Ltd. Hics Cements Ltd. High-Tech Lime Products Ltd. I P I-S P Cement Co. Ltd. India Cements Ltd. Indo-American Cement Corpn. Ltd. J K Cement Ltd. J K Lakshmi Cement Ltd. Jagadamba Cements Ltd. Jagdish Constructions Ltd. Jaipur Udyog Ltd. Janpriya Cement Ltd. Jubilee Cements Ltd. Jupiter Cement Inds. Ltd. K C P Ltd. Kakatiya Cement Sugar & Inds. Ltd. Kakinada Cements Ltd. Kalinga Cement Ltd. Kalyanpur Cements Ltd. Karnataka Cement Ltd. Karnataka Instrade Corpn. Ltd. Keerthi Industries Ltd. Kohinoor Cements Ltd. L I Cement Pvt. Ltd. L I Eastern Pvt. Ltd. Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd. Lakshmi Cement & Ceramics Inds. Ltd. Lemos Cements Ltd. Lloyd Cements Ltd. Lok Cements Ltd. M G T Cements Pvt. Ltd. Madras Cements Ltd. Mahendra Cements Ltd. Makers Development Services Pvt. Ltd. Malabar Cements Ltd. Mangalam Cement Ltd. Meghalaya Cement Ltd. Modern Cement Inds. Ltd. My Home Inds. Ltd. N C L Industries Ltd. Namo Cements Ltd. Necem Cements Ltd. Neelgiri Cements Ltd. Nihon Nirmaan Ltd. Nilanchaal Cement Pvt. Ltd. Nirman Cements Ltd. North East Cements Ltd. O C L India Ltd. P R Cements Ltd. Panchmahal Cement Ltd. Panyam Cements & Mineral Inds. Ltd. Penna Cement Inds. Ltd. Prism Cement Ltd. Prudential Cements Ltd. Raasi Cement Ltd. Radhakishan Cement Ltd. Raghoji Cement Mfg. Co. Ltd. Rain Commodities Ltd. Rajapalayam Cement & Chemicals Ltd. Ranisagar Cement Co. Ltd. Rishi Cement Co. Ltd. Sabari Cements (Chennai) Ltd. Sagar Cements Ltd. Sahas Cements Ltd. Sainik Finance & Inds. Ltd. Sanjay Intra Ltd. Saraf Agencies Pvt. Ltd. Satkar Cement Co. Ltd. Satyam Cement Ltd. Saurabh Cement Ltd. Saurashtra Cement Ltd. Seetharam Cements Ltd. Shaktiman Cements Ltd. Shiva Cement Ltd. Shree Cement Ltd. Shree Digvijay Cement Co. Ltd. Shree I-Jee Cement Inds. Ltd. Shree Quality Cements Ltd. Shri Hariganga Cement Ltd. Shri Keshav Cements & Infra Ltd. Shubham Industries Ltd. Sigma Cements Ltd. Singhal Cement & Allied Inds. Ltd. Snhehadhara Industries Ltd. Somani Cement Co. Ltd. Someswara Cements & Chemicals Ltd. Sorabh Cement Ltd. South India Cements Ltd. Sri Simhadri Cements Ltd. Srichakra Cements Ltd. Star Cement Meghalaya Ltd. Sudarshan Cement & Multiprojects Ltd. Sukhchain Cements Ltd. Talavadi Cements Ltd. Tamil Nadu Cements Corpn. Ltd. Travancore Cements Ltd. Udaipur Cement Works Ltd. Ultratech Cement Ltd. Umrongso Cement Ltd. Uttar Pradesh State Cement Corpn. Ltd. Vaishno Cement Co. Ltd. Varun Cements Ltd. Vinay Cements Ltd. Virgo Cements Ltd. Visaka Cement Industry Ltd. Vishwakarma Cements Ltd. Viswam Cement Ltd. Zodiac Cements Ltd. Zuari Cement Ltd.
Plant capacity: 90,000 MT/Annum Plant & machinery: 1296 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1750 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Rice Bran Based Solvent Extraction Plant - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Rice has been and continues to be the largest source of human nutrition. Rice bran is a by-product of the rice milling process. Rice bran is the most important source of edible oil among the unconventional sources. Rice bran is the brown coating around the white starchy rice kernel, which is obtained by dehusking paddy and polishing the rice. While white rice holds little nutritional value, the bran that is removed contains 65 percent of the rice kernel’s nutrients and boasts a bounty of healthful benefits. The thin brown layer that is milled off in the processing of white rice, rice bran is just as effective as the other bran’s in fighting high cholesterol and providing high-grade fiber. India produces about 80 million tonnes of paddy annually. This can yield about 5 million tonnes of rice bran and to the extent of 8 lakhs tonnes of rice bran oil. Production of rice bran oil is currently estimated at about 2 lakhs tonnes and hardly 10-15 per cent of it is of edible grade, although the potential availability is reckoned at about 8 lakhs tonnes. The wide gap between the actual production and the potential availability of rice bran oil is primarily due to the fact that at present around 70 per cent of the paddy produced in the country is processed through huller mills while only 30 percent is processed by modern sheller mills. It has been estimated that huller mills number about 80,000 while there are only 28,000 modern sheller mills. Rice bran oil is natural oil that is created using the hull or bran of the rice grain. One of the advantages of using rice bran oil in cooking is that the oil has a high smoking point. This means the oil is ideal for frying foods without running the risk of overheating and burning the food before the meat or coated vegetables are cooked all the way through. The creation of rice bran oil involves the pressing of the hull or bran of the rice grain. By pressing on the hull, small amounts of oil can be extracted and collected. The oil released from the rice bran contains a hefty amount of Vitamin E, gamma oryzanol and the essential fatty acids that lend a great deal of taste to the oil. The presence of a number of antioxidants also help to make rice bran oil a healthier alternative for use in salad dressings and as an ingredient in baked goods. Rice Bran Oil alone has the potentiality of wiping out a large part of the deficit oil in the country. India is the biggest producer of rice in the world, next to China. However only a very small proportion of the rice bran is processed and large quantity of oil in rice bran is wasted. According to the solvent Extractor's Association of India, the total production of oil from indigenous sources amounted to 76.2 lakhs tonnes in oil year 2003-2004 and in the current oil year this is expected to rise to around 80.6 lakhs tonnes. The government estimated that the total shortfall in supply was of the order of about 6 lakhs to 7 lakhs tonnes. However, it imported about 11 lakhs tonnes last year, which is expected to go up to about 15 lakhs tonnes in the current year. The government is importing just the double of its own stated shortfall. There is an ample of scope and space for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: A G Fats Ltd. Agrawal Oil Extractions Ltd. Balaji Agro Oils Ltd. Boppana Oils Ltd. Cethar Foodoil Ltd. Chaitanya Oils Ltd. Goa Agro Oil Ltd. Godavari Edible Bran Oil Ltd. J R Foods Ltd. J S P Oils & Fats Ltd. K G N Agro Internationals Ltd. Kedia Overseas Ltd. Kirti Dal Mills Ltd. Lakshmi Energy & Foods Ltd. Madras Vanaspati Ltd. Midland Industries Ltd. Modi Naturals Ltd. Morinda Overseas Inds. Ltd. Organic Chemoils Ltd. Patliputra Industries Ltd. Prakash Solvent Extractions Ltd. Raghunath Cotton & Oil Products Ltd. Rasoi Ltd. Ravindra Solvent Oils Ltd. Rice Oil & Foods Ltd. Rom Industries Ltd. S K M Animal Feeds & Foods (India) Ltd. Sambandam Solvent Extraction Ltd. Satyakala Agro Oil Products Ltd. Shanti Kunj Solvent Ltd. Shree Madhav Edible Products Ltd. Shree Shakthi Agro Oils Ltd. Siddaganga Oil Extractions Pvt. Ltd. Sidh Industries Ltd. Sonitpur Solvex Ltd. Sree Tulasi Solvent Extractions Ltd. Sri Murugarajendra Oil Industry Ltd. Srihitha Refineries Ltd. Thapar Agro Mills Ltd. Unique Organics Ltd. Vijay Agro Products Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 8100 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 486 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 804 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 54.00%
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FUEL BRIQUETTES FROM BIOMASS (Bio Coal Briquettes from Agricultural Cellulosic Waste) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

Energy is the key factor in economic development of country. As we approach the turn of century our requirements of energy will increase rapidly and vastly. Though there are several alternative conventional as well as non-conventional energy sources have been developed, still world is facing energy crisis day by day and it will rise in the coming future with rapid increase in population as well as industrialization. India is one of the big countries in the world having vast energy resources but these are not properly exploited to achieve maximum benefit and to check energy crisis. At present our country is fulfilling its demand by importing the crude petroleum oil from gulf countries. It has been expected that approximately 450 million tons of coal, 80 million tons of crude oil and 150 million tons of firewood will be required at that time to meet the domestic demand in our country. Among the non-conventional forms of energy, Bio-Energy offers vast potential under Indian conditions, due to the wide spectrum of biomass available in different agro-climatic regions of the country. It is estimated that over 120 million tons of agricultural and forest residues are generated annually. The biomass includes agro-industrial bi-products and animal refuse. These constitute tremendous waste problems in spite of their known high energy potential. Currently both storage and disposal only add to costs and hence affects productivity and profitability. At present most of these are not collected at all, or are burnt to reduce fire hazards or used inefficiently. Handling and transportation of these materials is difficult due to their low bulk densities and irregular sizes. These wastes, after processing can be converted into high density, high value solid fuel briquettes, known as "BIOCOAL" which can be efficiently used to replace coal and fire wood. Briquettes solid fuel known as biocoal can be used by the industrial, commercial and household domestic sectors. It has been found that several alternative energy sources has come up, among them, utilization of agricultural residues, forest residues, municipal garbage into valuable solid fuel is one which is one of the modern and latest concept which has come up to meet the growing demand of fuel. It is a cheaper solid fuel with high calorific and heating value. Its demand will definitely rise with rapid industrialization in the coming future. So a new entrepreneur can well venture into this field by fully assessing the fuel requirement by different small, medium and large-scale industries. The new prospective and decisive entrepreneurs can well venture by installing a unit of biocoal manufacturing to satisfy present and future demand.
Plant capacity: 4800 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 28 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 129 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 38.00%
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ALUMINIUM SECONDARY BILLET CASTING PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

The 20th century has seen the emergence of aluminium as a key industrial and strategic material, second to only steel in terms of importance and tonnages of production. Beginning with an experimental production of 1.7 tonnes in 1859, the world production of primary aluminium has grown to about 16 million tonnes in the year 1983-recording in the produces the fastest rate of growth of consumption for any metal. A point to notice is the upsurge in production synchronizing with the two world wars pointing to the need for aluminium as strategic material. In today’s industrial civilization, aluminium is important because it serves as a basic input for a number of industries; it is indispensable for building up and strengthening the industrial infrastructure in the basic sectors viz. power and transportation besides finding extensive use in other vital sectors like space, defense, buildings, construction, domestic hardware’s etc. Aluminium is a metal with high strength-to-weight ratio, better formability, and high ductility, anti-corrosive properties, with thermal and electrical conductivity. Because of these unique combinations of properties, aluminium (including its alloys) has substantially replaced a number of traditional materials from their established uses e.g. steel, copper, lead, zinc among metals and glass, wood and paper among non-metals. Aluminium is crucial for expansion of power availability and electrification programme. It has a significant role to play in saving energy in transportation sector, thus help reducing the consumption petroleum products. Aluminium plays a key role in the progress of industrial development because it serves as basic input for a number of industries from its use as a strategic metal. In view of the present day energy and fuel crisis and the need for preservation of forests for ecological balance, application of aluminium in place of steel and wood in transport sector, which has high growth potential, has become more important especially because aluminium with its inherent properties of light weight, high strength-to-weight ratio, non-corrosive, tensile strength consumes less fuel. Building and construction industry has now started evincing keep interest in the use of aluminium as it replaces wood and thereby promotes conservation of the fast depleting forest wealth. Development of high strength alloys good formability, improved casting and welding techniques have opened up wide areas of application of aluminium in the machinery and equipment sector. Another important area is the utensils, household appliances and consumer durables. Aluminium due to its conductivity, lightweight, durability and non-toxicity constitutes the most fuel-efficient and hence the ideal material for kitchenware’s. Widespread usages of aluminium utensils is, therefore, necessary in the larger context of fuel saving. The global aluminium industry has undergone remarkable changes in the recent past and the outlook for the metal is quite optimistic in the coming years, as the global demand is expected to grow by eight percent in the next few years. The aluminium production is moving forward at full pace worldwide with the notable increase in demand for the metal, as a result of developments in the traditional areas of its application. Though the rate of growth of the aluminium industry is relatively low in the developed countries, having already reached a peak, in developing countries of Asia like India and China, an accelerated growth can be expected. Globalization has opened up a worldwide market for the metal and along with it new challenges and opportunities to be faced by the industry. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Associated Aluminium Inds. Pvt. Ltd. Balaji Aluminium Alloys Pvt. Ltd. Bharat Aluminium Co. Ltd. Hindalco Almex Aerospace Ltd. Namo Alloys Pvt. Ltd. National Aluminium Co. Ltd. Shree Pomani Metals & Alloys Ltd. Sun Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: 21600 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 410 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2020 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 63.00%
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EMU BIRDS (Farming, Breeding & Meat Production) - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

EMU (Dromaius novaehollandiae) bird belong to ratite group has high economic value for their meat, eggs, oil, skin and feathers. Meat from emu is of high quality in terms of low fat, low cholesterol, gamey flavour. These birds are adoptable to varied climatic conditions. Although emu and ostrich were introduced in India, emu farming has gained much importance. Emu and ostrich features, management of these birds during chick, growing, fattening, breeding and non-breeding stages were covered. Care and hatching of eggs, nutrient requirements, healthcare and products of emu and ostrich were also covered. Economics of emu rearing with reference to the cost of maintaining breeders cost of production of eggs and chick are covered. Commercial aspects of rearing emu has picked up in India in a big way as it promises a long-term return as compared to the initial investment. Emu bird farming is basically just like poultry. The way we look after poultry, cattle farming or goat farming, it is a similar kind of farming which is flourishing in India. As the rearing of Emu birds has increased several fold over the years, several enterprising farmers have come together to open units for separating the various products of the bird and make them available in the market in good quantities. There are several organizations making more efforts to spread awareness of the many health benefits of consuming Emu meat and using its oil. Valued cuts are from thigh and larger muscle of drum or lower leg. Emu skin is fine and strong. Leg skin is of distinctive pattern hence highly valued. Emu fat is rendered to produce oil, which has dietary, therapeutic (anti inflammatory) and cosmetic value. The country's first commercial emu farm was started in 1996 by an NRI named Mutiyala but it soon closed down. Mutiyala left for the US within months of starting his project because of the poor response. The reason for the growth of emu farms today is the increasing demand for the bird's meat and oil, which is believed to have medicinal properties, especially for treating joint pains and also high economic value for their eggs, skin and feathers. Far from its native habitat in Australia, the flightless emu is leaving its footprint across the plains of India, with an increasing number of farmers commercially rearing the ostrich-size bird. From a single farm in 1996, there are today more than 900 emu farms in 14 states, with a majority of them in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus) are reared commercially in many parts of the world for their meat, oil, skin and feathers, which are of high economic value. The anatomical and physiological features of these birds appear to be suitable for temperate and tropical climatic conditions. These birds can be well maintained on extensive (ranches) and semi intensive rearing systems with reasonably high fibrous diets. United State, Australia and China are leading in emu and of America ostrich farming. Emu and ostrich were introduced recently into India. Compared to ostrich, emu rearing is picking up. The Emu rearing is a promising source of considerable revenue and employment generation where the farmers would be able to sustain if a ready market was created by way of opening slaughter and processing units right here. The growth in Emu rearing would further indirectly boost the development of maize and soya crops. Emu birds are well adapted to Indian climatic conditions. Although emu farming is economical so far none of the farmers have entered in to the marketing of emu products. Emu business can bring handsome profit in both domestic and international market in the long run. EMU farming is a complementary to agriculture and is going to be the most profitable business in the near future. Emu farming offers great scope and potential because of its supplementary income, additional employment and simplicity in operation EMU farming in India is a huge business scheme with an enormous growth potential. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Simran Emu Farm & Hatchery, Sami’s Rearing and Farming Raman Gujral Aditya Emu Farm Queen Emu Farms Private Limited Platinum Emu Farms Sri Ramachandra Emu Farm House Ganesh Emu Farm VSP Emu Farm J.P. Emu Farm Sree Bakawathe Emu Farm Umrigar Emu Farm Rangrej Emu Farm Gurukrupa Emu Farm Aditya Emu Farm RK Emu Farm Rangrej Emu Farm Tirumala EMU Farm Siva Naga Emu Farm Golden Emu Farms Private Limited Haryana Emu Farms Sri Krishna Emu Farms Private Limited Lalitha Emu Farms The Golden Birds Poultry Farm NS Agro Farm & Hatchery Sumukha Farms V. R. 3 Emu Farms & Hatchery Unit Susi Emu Farms India Private Limited Rangrej Emu Farms Madhus EMU Farms Sri Palayathamman Emu Farms
Plant capacity: Meat 20,000 Kgs., EMU Chick 5000 Nos., EMU Oil 4000 Kgs., Eggs 20,000 Nos. /AnnumPlant & machinery: 44 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 759 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 34.00%
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LUBE OIL BLENDING BASED ON IMPORTED BASE OIL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Lube oil is a substance (often a liquid) introduced between two moving surfaces to reduce the friction between them, improving efficiency and reducing wear. They may also have the function of dissolving or transporting foreign particles and of distributing heat. Lubricants today are classified into two major groups: Automotive lubricants and Industrial lubricants. One of the single largest applications for lubricants, in the form of motor oil is to protect the internal combustion engines in motor vehicles and powered equipment. Practically lube oil contain 90% base oil (most often petroleum fractions, called mineral oils) and less than 10% additives. Vegetable oils or synthetic liquids such as hydrogenated polyolefin, esters, silicones, fluorocarbons and many others are sometimes used as base oils. Additives deliver reduced friction and wear, increased viscosity, improved viscosity index, resistance to corrosion and oxidation, aging or contamination, etc. The basic functions of a lubricant are friction and wear reduction, heat removal and contaminant suspension. Apart from important application in internal combustion engines, vehicles and industrial gear boxes, compressors, turbines or hydraulic systems, there are vast numbers of other applications, which mostly require specifically tailored lubricants. Designing a lubricant to perform above stated functions in different systems is a complex task, involving a careful balance of properties both in the lube base stocks and the performance enhancing additives. Between 5000 and 10000 different lubricant formulations are necessary to satisfy more than 90% of all lubricant applications. India is the sixth largest consumer of lubricants in the world. Each one of the vast contingent of 22 Multinationals and a total of 80 big & small players are vying for a pie of Rs.5, 500 Crore market. Worldwide established brands, some of them albeit new to India, like Shell, Mobil, Caltex, Elf, Pennzoil are fighting it out with established Indian brands like SERVO & others to establish their foothold in the 6th largest lubricant market in the World. Compared to the average World consumption of 35 Million tonnes per annum & Asia-Pacific region consumption of 7.5 million tones, the Indian lube industry with annual demand of 1 million tonnes is just behind Japan and China in Asia having a demand growth rate of 4% compared to the World growth rate ranging between zero to 2%. That is the lube industry in India today. The current lubricants market is estimated to be of Rs. 60 billion. The automotive lubricants market in India was controlled by the four major public sector oil companies such as major public sector oil companies such as Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and a handful of private companies such as Castrol, Tidewater, and others until 1992. Following liberalization, major policy initiatives were taken and which, encouraged foreign companies to invest in India. Companies are adopting a more customer-oriented approach where they are likely to focus on creating brand awareness through print and visual media. For example promotional campaigns and trade shows offering gifts to their customers are methods of driving sales of automotive lubricants. The original equipment segment and retail trade are the two major marketing channels in the Indian automotive lubricants market. Due to the growing competition, tie-ups with original equipment manufacturers (OEM) are becoming important as they reinforce the value proposition of a particular brand. There is a very good scope for new entrepreneurs in this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Alicid Organic Inds. Ltd. Anand Engineers Pvt. Ltd. Asia Refinery Ltd. Atreya Petrochem Ltd. Bharat Shell Ltd. Burmah Petro Products Ltd. Caltex Lubricants India Ltd. Castrol India Ltd. Chemoleums Ltd. Continental Petroleums Ltd. Gantley Speciality Products Ltd. Gujarat Indo-Lube Ltd. Gujarat Oiland Inds. Ltd. Gujarat Speciality Lubes Ltd. Gulf Carosserie India Ltd. Gulf Oil Corpn. Ltd. Gulf Oil India Limited Gulf Oil India Ltd. Houghton Hardcastle (I) Ltd. Iccon Oil & Specialities Ltd. Iftex Oil & Chemicals Ltd. Indian Additives Ltd. Indian Oil Blending Ltd. Lubrizol India Pvt. Ltd. M P Petrochem Ltd. Madras Petrochem Ltd. Motorol (India) Ltd. Motorol Speciality Oils Ltd. Nandan Petrochem Ltd. Panama Petrochem Ltd. Paras Lubricants Ltd. Pennzoil-Quaker State India Ltd. Petrosil Lubricants Ltd. Powerlink Oil Refinery Ltd. Raj Lubricants (Madras) Ltd. Raj Petroleum Products Ltd. Renaissance Petrolube Ltd. Sagar Petroleums Ltd. Sah Petroleums Ltd. Savita Oil Technologies Ltd. Southern Refineries Ltd. Speciality Petrolubes Ltd. Stanrose Mafatlal Lubechem Ltd. Starol Petroleum Ltd. Sunstar Lubricants Ltd. Tata B P Lubricants India Ltd. Tide Water Oil Co. (India) Ltd. Total Lubricants India Ltd. Unique Oils India Ltd. Universal Petrochemicals Ltd. Valvoline Cummins Ltd. Velloils Lubricants & Petrochem Ltd. Waxpol Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15000 Kls./AnnumPlant & machinery: 142 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 804 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 51.00%
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CLINKER GRINDING FOR CEMENT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The most commonly used cement in the world is Portland cement, which is formed at high temperatures that chemically combine the ingredients into new components, including calcium silicates and calcium aluminates. When the cement clinkers are ground with approximately 5% gypsum, they form Portland cement. These compounds allow cement to set when combined with water and to form strong bonds that can withstand pressure, water immersion, and other elements. In the manufacture of Portland cement, clinker is lumps or nodules, usually 3-25 mm in diameter, produced by sintering limestone and alumino-silicate during the cement kiln stage. Cement clinkers are formed by the heat processing of cement elements in a kiln. Limestone, clay, bauxite, and iron ore sand in specific proportions are heated in a rotating kiln at 2,770° Fahrenheit (1,400° Celsius) until they begin to form cinder lumps, which are also known as cement clinkers. Cement clinkers are usually ground with gypsum to produce the fine powder later mixed with liquid to produce cement, although some manufacturers ship cement clinkers in their lump form to cut down on dust. Cement is heavily relied upon to produce mortar, grouts, and concrete, and cement clinkers are the first stage, post firing, in making cement. Cement has strong bonding qualities when mixed with gypsum and water to form a hydration reaction, and it forms approximately one tenth of concrete, mixed with rocks, sand, and other materials and used in building construction all over the world. Concretes high versatility makes it an ideal tool for building projects of all shapes and sizes, from skyscrapers to pool sides. Concrete can also be recycled when it has outlived its usefulness and converted back into cement clinkers through careful processing. Clinker is ground (usually with the addition of a little gypsum, that is, calcium sulfate dehydrate) to become Portland cement. It may also be combined with other active ingredients or chemical admixtures to produce: ground granulated blast furnace slag cement, pozzolana cement & silica fume cement. The cement industry is one of the main beneficiaries of the infrastructure boom. With robust demand and adequate supply, the industry has bright future. The Indian Cement Industry with total capacity of 165 million tones is the second largest after China. Cement industry is dominated by 20 companies who account for over 70% of the market. Individually no company accounts for over 12% of the market. The major players like L&T and ACC have been quiet successful in narrowing the gap between demand and supply. Private housing sector is the major consumer of cement (53%) followed by the government infrastructure sector. Similarly northern and southern region consume around 20%-30% cement while the central and western region are consuming only 18%-16%. India is the 2nd largest cement producer in world after china. Right from laying concrete bricks of economy to waving fly overs cement industry has shown and shows a great future. Domestic demand for cement has been increasing at a fast pace in India. Cement industry has contributed around 8% to the economic development of India. Outsiders (foreign players) eyeing India as a major market to invest in the form of either merger or FDI (Foreign Direct Investment). Cement industry has a long way to go as Indian economy is poised to grow because of being on verge of development. The company continues to emphasize on reduction of costs through enhanced productivity, reduction in energy costs and logistics expenses. The cement sector is expected to witness growth in line with the economic growth because of the strong co-relation with GDP. Future drivers of cement demand growth in India would be the road and housing projects. As per the Working Group report on Cement Industry for the formulation of the 11th Plan, the cement demand is likely to grow at 11.5 per cent per annum during the 11th Plan and cement production and capacity by the end of the 11th Plan are estimated to be 269 million tones and 298 million tones, respectively, with capacity utilization of 90 per cent. There is a very good scope in this sector and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: ACC Ltd. Almora Magnesite Ltd. Ambuja Cement Eastern Ltd. Ambuja Cement Rajasthan Ltd. Barak Valley Cements Ltd. Bhilai Jaypee Cement Ltd. Binani Cement Ltd. Birla Corporation Ltd. Cement Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Century Textiles & Inds. Ltd. Chettinad Cement Corpn. Ltd. Deccan Cements Ltd. Dhar Cement Ltd. Greygold Cements Ltd. Gujarat High Tech Inds. Ltd. Gujarat Sidhee Cement Ltd. Heidelberg Cement India Ltd. Hemadri Cements Ltd. India Cements Ltd. Keerthi Industries Ltd. Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd. Lemos Cements Ltd. Malabar Cements Ltd. Mangalam Cement Ltd. Meghalaya Cement Ltd. My Home Inds. Ltd. N C L Industries Ltd. Namo Cements Ltd. Narmada Cement Co. Ltd. Penna Cement Inds. Ltd. Rain Commodities Ltd. Ramco Industries Ltd. Rishi Cement Co. Ltd. Sagar Cements Ltd. Sainik Finance & Inds. Ltd. Sanghi Industries Ltd. Saurashtra Cement Ltd. Shaktiman Cements Ltd. Shiva Cement Ltd. Shree Digvijay Cement Co. Ltd. Shri Hariganga Cement Ltd. Snhehadhara Industries Ltd. Sorabh Cement Ltd. Sparta Cements & Infra Ltd. Sri Vishnu Cement Ltd. Srichakra Cements Ltd. Sudarshan Cement & Multiprojects Ltd. Tata Chemicals Ltd. Ultratech Cement Ltd. Vinay Cements Ltd. Virgo Cements Ltd. Visaka Cement Industry Ltd. Zuari Cement Ltd.
Plant capacity: 75000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 433 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 727 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 58.00%
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MANGANESE OXIDE (FERRITE GRADE) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost & Revenue

Manganese (Mn), is a chemical element, one of the silvery-white, hard, brittle metals of Group VII b of the periodic table. It was recognized as an element (1774) by the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele while working with the mineral pyrolusite and was isolated the same year by his associate, Johan Gottlieb Gahn. Although it is rarely used in pure form, manganese is essential to steelmaking. Manganese Oxide is derived from manganese, a brittle metal element. It is widely distributed in the earths crust, and is essential in steel-making. The element is needed for plant growth and in the physical development of higher animals. Manganese is involved in reducing the levels of nitrates in green plants. Lack of manganese causes testicular atrophy in animals. However, too much in either plants or animals is toxic. Manganese oxide is one of the major sources of manganese used in the dry feeds for cattle, pigs, & poultry. It helps to prevent breeding complications in cattle and ensures optimum growth for the pigs. In poultry it aids in hatchability and improves shell quality. Manganese oxide is the most important manganese compound. Pyrolusite is the chief source of manganese and all its compounds, when derived from ores. Pyrolusite is widely used as a chemical oxidant in organic synthesis. Manganese oxide is also used as the cathode material in electric dry cells. Synthetic manganese oxide is prepared by decomposition of manganese nitrate; by reaction of manganese sulfate, oxygen and sodium hydroxide; or by electrolysis of an aqueous solution of manganese sulfate. The ferrite grade manganese oxide (MnO) is not easily available in local market so sometimes manganese dioxide is reduced to manganese oxide for the ferrite grade. Ferrites are extensively used in the high-frequency magnetic cores of televisions, radios and other communications equipment such as magnetic heads, transformers and CRT deflection yokes. Ferrite may also be used as an ingredient of paints for the prevention of radio wave interference. Ferrite products currently applied in 42% of high-tech fields, such as home appliances (microwave ovens, air conditioners, and electrical home appliances), office supplies (copiers, fax machines) cars, motorcycles, high-fidelity audio, and instrument sensor parts. Middle and low areas of the application of traditional products accounted for 58%, such as speakers, adsorption magnets, toys, electrical, magnetic separation device. The growing convergence of information, communication, & entertainment is bringing a new momentum to the consumer electronics Industry in India. CE is one of the largest segments of the electronics market in India. With a market size of $5 billion in 2009 & significantly low penetration, the consumer electronics Industry in India promises huge potential in the years to come. It is estimated that the industry will grow to $11.8 billion by 2014. This growth will be aided by various factors such as increasing household incomes, local manufacturing & expanding distribution networks. The electronics industry as we know it today could not exist without the widespread use of ferrites. There is a very good scope for this product and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 1200 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 123 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 316 Lakhs
Return: 41.00%Break even: 54.00%
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SORBITOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Sorbitol, a polyol (sugar alcohol), is a bulk sweetener. Sorbitol is produced either from starch hydrolysates, from dextrose syrup, or from dextrose monohydrate. It is a water soluble polyhydric alcohol, having sweet taste and high stability besides properties of humectancy and plasticizing. Sorbitol is about 60 percent as sweet as sucrose with one-third fewer calories. It finds a wide range of application such as oral care, cosmetics, pharma, paints, etc. Sorbitol also combines well with other food ingredients such as sugars, gelling agents, proteins and vegetable fats. It functions well in many food products such as chewing gums, candies, frozen desserts, cookies, cakes, icings and fillings. It is used to manufacture toothpaste, tonics/liquid pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetic products like face creams and lotions, etc. It has a smooth mouthfeel with a sweet, cool and pleasant taste. It is non-cariogenic and may be useful to people with diabetes. In pharmaceutical sector it finds application in vitamin syrups, cough syrups, tablet compounding and many others. A newly developing outlet for sorbitol is its use in producing clarifying agents for polypropylene. Clarifying agents enable polypropylene to substitute for higher cost polymers in food packaging, drinking cups and housewares. Sorbitol meant for other applications, be it food, hygiene products or pharmaceuticals, can be of the "non-crystallizing" type and is produced from starch hydrolysates. Sorbitol is produced either from starch hydrolysates, from dextrose syrup, or from dextrose monohydrate. Sorbitol is manufactured by reaction with hydrogen gas with high pressure hydrogenation of 50% aqueous dextrose solution at 140 to 165 Deg C in 3 to 4 hours with Raney nickel catalyst, using promoters such as salts of magnesium, nickel, molybdenum, iron etc. Generally dextrose is produced in house from Starch by enzymatic process The Indian demand is around 90000 tonnes per annum. In India, Sorbitol is produced only as 70% solution and the operating capacity is around 125900 tonnes per annum. The global demand is around 1.6 million tonnes per annum (both liquid and crystalline) with a growth rate of around 3% per annum. Major Manufacturers • Anil Products Ltd.,Ahmedabad • Gulshan Polyols (Gulshan Sugars & Chemicals Ltd.,) Delhi • Maize Products,Ahmedabad • Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. Ahmedabad • Sukhjit Starch Chemicals, Punjab • Kasyap Sweetners Ltd., Madhya Pradesh • Roquette America, Inc.US • Atanor S.A.USA • Coyne Chemical,USA • Habib Arkady Ltd.,Pakistan • Mudanjiang Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd.China • Pt Sumi Asih Oleochemical Industry,China • Shanghai Haohua Chemical Co., Ltd.Shanghai,China Sorbitol’s good taste, reduced caloric value, versatility and other advantages facilitate its use in a wide variety of products. With the increasing demand for products reduced in calories or fat, sorbitol’s use should increase as well. Considering the application potentials of sorbitol and the feasibility of exploiting the export opportunities, creation of new capacity for Sorbitol can be considered in the country.
Plant capacity: 40.0 Tonnes/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 31 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 91 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 151 Lakhs
Return: 56.65%Break even: 44.17%
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MODIFIED STARCH - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Starches are modified to enhance their performance in different applications. Starches may be modified to increase their stability against excessive heat, acid, shear, time, cooling, or freezing; to change their texture; to decrease or increase their viscosity; to lengthen or shorten gelatinization time; or to increase their viscostability. Modified starches, starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch, thereby changing the properties of the starch. Modified starches are used in practically all starch applications, such as in food products as a thickening agent, stabilizer or emulsifier; in pharmaceuticals as a disintegrater; or in paper as a binder .Carboxymethyl starch is used as an additive in oil drilling mud. Starches, especially modified starches, are also used as glues in cardboard manufacturing. Starches such as Gum Arabic and Gum Tragacanth are used as the glue for stamps and postal envelopes. They are also used in many other applications. The major Application Sector of modified starches is paper, oil drilling, textile, food / pharmaceutical, etc. Thus starch can be used in numerous possible functional application areas, including adhesion, antistaling, binding, clouding, dusting, emulsion stabilization, encapsulation, flowing aid, foam strengthening, gelling, glazing, moisture retention, molding, shaping, stabilizing and thickening. There are many types of important modified starch. To name a few some of them are physically modified starch, chemically modified starch and enzymatically modified starch. Starches can be modified in several ways to change their function as additives in products. They can be cross-linked, where the chains get stuck together into a mesh. They can be heated to break the long chains down into simpler molecules like dextrin, polydextrin, and maltodextrin. These are simply short starches. Starches can have hydrogen replaced by something else, such as a carboxymethyl group, making carboxymethyl starch. Some Indian manufacturers Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd, Ahmedabad Sahyadri Starch & Chemicals (P) Ltd., Bangalore Tirupati Starch & Chem Ltd., Indore SPA Starch & Chemicals, Mumbai Karandikars Cashell Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai Universal Starch & Chemicals Ltd, Maharashtra The growth rate in demand for Starch/Modified starch is likely to be in tune with the performance and growth rate of downstream sector in the coming years. The Indian demand for the last financial year was around 75000tonnes per annum. The global production of starch is around 37 million tonnes per annum and the global demand is around 4 million tonnes per annum for modified starch. A number of potential applications of modified starch have not been exploited to a large extent. For example, modified starch can be used in various food applications as instant noodles, ham sausages, flavouring, frozen foods, beverages, ice-cream etc. Modified starch also can find application in biodegradable plastics and bioplastics, which is used in packaging, agricultural films, disposable cutlery. There is good potential for modified starch in food applications and prospects for growth seem bright. New entrepreneurs have a very good scope for exploration into such segments.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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