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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Ethiopia, East Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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DISPOSABLE SYRINGES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Disposable needle is widely used by doctors for injection purpose with the help of syringes. With the increase in population in our country, requirement of medicine and injections has increased. For more strength of people more number of needles is required with syringes. Tablets or capsules also play a great role in the life of human beings but injections are also a must to some extent. The disposable syringes market has now self destructing or auto disable (AD) syringe as a safe bet against re use and spread of HIV, hepatitis and other infections. The national immunization policy has adopted the non-reusable, self breaking syringes, though many States are yet to follow suit for the curative injections. Disposable surgical caps and mask are used considerably while performing an operation or undergoing surgical measures. Catheters are used for the purpose of passing urine for bed ridden and emergency patients in hospitals, nursing homes etc. With the development of pharmaceutical industries the use of syringes and disposable needles will also develop. About 70% pharmaceutical industries are in small scale sector. Disposable syringes are becoming more popular in the medical world due to its lower cost and higher accuracy. Plastic can be used in place of metal without any problem. The procedure is also relatively easy and cheaper. New comer can well venture into this field. There is a good scope in this sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Company Name Albert David Ltd. Disposable Medi Aids Ltd. H L L Lifecare Ltd. Hindustan Syringes & Medical Devices Ltd. Iscon Surgicals Ltd. La Medical Devices Ltd. Lifeline Injects Ltd. Lifelong Meditech Ltd. Nirma Ltd. Raaj Medisafe India Ltd. Sangam Health Care Products Ltd. Surgiplast Ltd. Transmedica (India) Ltd. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 22500000 Nos./Annum (5ml Size) 22500000 Nos./Annum (10 ml Size)
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 636 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 837 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 42.00%
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ACTIVATED CARBON FROM BAMBOO - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Activated carbon is a non graphite form of carbon and is micro crystalline in nature. It is extensively used in various industries as a very good adsorbent for odour or colour. There are two varieties of activated carbon viz gas phase or the liquid phase adsorbents. The liquid phase activated carbon is usually powder or granular form where as the gas phase adsorbent is hard granules like dust free pellets. Besides the liquid phase and gas phase classification of activated carbon, into grades based on the chemical properties it possesses such as its methylene blue (MB) value, surface area, ash content, iron content, pH factor and adsorption quality of carbon. The term activated carbon, active carbon, or active charcoal is usually applied to amorphous carbons possessing higher adsorption capacity their wood or animal charcoal. Many carbon of industrial value are prepared from coal and from organic vegetable and animal matter. The resulting amorphous products include Charcoal coke, and petroleum coke. Carbon as such is probably, the most widely distributed element in nature. It occurs in two allotropic crystalline forms, viz, graphite (hexagonal system) and diamond (isomeric system), The former is soft and weak while diamond is hard and transparent. A large variety of raw materials are available for the manufacture of these products Coal, petroleum coke, and wood charcoal are activated by gas activation. Paddy and groundnut husk, saw dust, bagasse molasses, straw, tree bark, bagasse, cocoa bean, shells, bamboo, distillery slop, waste mahua flowers and various industrial wastes have been utilized for the production of active carbons by chemical activation. Small quantities of activated carbons have been manufactured indigenously on commercial scale from paddy husk, bagasse and filter press mud particularly for use in the refining of gur. Many carbonaceous materials such as petroleum, coke, saw dust, lignite, coal, peat, wood charcoal, nutshells, and fruit pits may be used for the manufacture of activated carbon, but the properties of the finished material are governed not only by the raw material but by the method of activation used. Activated carbons form two main classes, those used for adsorption of gases and vapors, for which a granular material is generally employed and those used in purification of liquid for which a powdered material is desired. Due to the expansion of pharmaceutical and vegetable oil industry the demand of activated carbon is expected to rise sharply in the coming years. Apart from demand in Indian market, there is also huge demand of activated carbon in foreign market for the high quality activated carbon. It is very clear that there exists very good scope for this product and it can be exploited easily. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Indo German Carbons Ltd. Ion Exchange (India) Ltd. Triton Laboratories Ltd. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 1500 Ton/Annum Composition of Batch Mix, it’s a Batch process, one feed 5 Tons finished product will required
Plant capacity: 1500 Ton/AnnumPlant & machinery: 82 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 313 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 46.00%
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FLEXIBLE PACKAGING WITH GRAVURE AND FLEXO PRINTING WITH EXTRUSION IN 3/5/7 LAYERS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

One of the most popular forms of packaging is Flexible Packaging. Flexible Package is easy to hold, convenient to store and simple to use. Made up of multi layer laminated sheets of plastics (PVC, LDPE, HDPE, BOPP, BOPET), paper, cloth, or metal foils. The main products of this business are laminates made with various combinations of Polyester, BOPP, poly, metalized & hologram films and others and supplied in roll form and in various preformed pouches, manufacture of rotogravure cylinders for various types of rotogravure printing, Anilox/Coating, Rollers for flexo printing and Shims for holographic embossing and holograms and printing ink and adhesives and packaging & processing machines. This business involves customization according to the needs of customer. It has successfully developed several new packaging material for various applications suitable for Food Industry, the Bakery and Confectionery Industry, Beverage Industry and the Personal Care Products Industry. The benefit of flexible packaging is: - It helps your product stay clean, safe and well protected from pilferage and adulteration. - It helps your product to acquire sound barrier protection against moisture and gases and protection from damage and wastage. - It offers your product extreme convenience of handling and disposal after use. - It easily fits in with the shape of the contents thereby helping to cut down excess storage and transport costs. - It offers tremendous saving in raw material consumption through usage extension to as much as four times. - It absorbs more products per a package. A good example is coffee / nuts and snacks that come in foil brick packs and pouches rather than in cans or jars. - It is environment friendly and helps to conserve energy for conversion. - It helps a product manufacturer to enhance their product brand image leading in turn to better sales. The capacity overhang can be gauged from the fact that as against an aggregate capacity of 1.74 lakh Tonnes, the domestic demand is currently only around 85,000 tonnes. The dependence on exports will be critical to the survival of the secondary, players in the extrusion markets. The global flexible packaging market is projected to grow to 17.5 mn tons in 2014 at an average growth rate of 3.4%, as per a report by PIRA International. Flexible packaging has been one of the fastest-growing sectors of the packaging market over the past decade. Flexible packaging substrates provide opportunities to reduce materials, lower package weight and cut costs. Properties of flexible packaging can be easily tailored to meet demanding specifications for a wide range of products. Over the years, the flexible packaging market has developed from simple paper wrapping and bags to very sophisticated multilayer and multi material packaging for barrier protection and shelf life extension. Flexible packaging films can be made of single-web substrates such as flexible plastics (PE, PP, polyester or PA), flexible foils and flexible papers or can be coated, laminated or coextruded with other materials to enhance their physical properties in various ways. Better Quality of Life through Better Packaging sums up the important place that packaging occupies in a modern economy. There is a very good scope and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 1500 MT/Annum (Printed Film Packaging) 1500 MT/Annum (Printed Coated Paper)
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 365 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 824 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 59.00%
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DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Over the past hundred years Transformers have played a major role in the growth of almost all industries in the world. The foundation for the ideal of a Transformer was laid by Micheal Faraday in the year 1931. While at that time these transformers were having moving parts, the present day Transformer is basically a Static device in the sense that they do not have any moving parts that are continuously in motion. Due to continuous efforts of physicists and engineers in the past year, Transformers, underwent many changes, to keep pace with the rapid growth of electrical industries. Now there exists a variety of transformers each differing from the other in its operation, construction, size and applications. The transformers is a device that transfers electricity or energy from one electric circuit to another without change of frequency and usually, but not always, with a change in voltage. In India the role of transformers assumes an added significance since in most of the states; electric supplies are not only erratic but are also characterized by wide variations in frequencies or voltages. These causes enormous damage to the electrical appliance like refrigerators, television and other industrial machinery engaged in the production of commodities. The transformer industry with the help of innovative methods, upgradation in technology etc., will have to manufacture transformers which offer maximum functional efficiency and are at the same time less hazardous or dangerous and economically viable. Transformers can be broadly classified as (i) Transformers for handling electrical energy. (ii) Transformers for electronic circuits The various types of transformers under the Handling electrical energy type transformers are: (1) High Power Transformers (2) Distribution Transformers (3) Furnace Transformers (4) Welding Transformers (5) Testing transformers (6) Auto transformers (7) Instrument Transformers The transformers with rating more than 16,000 KVA are called power transformers and those having rating upto 16,000 KVA or less is called distribution transformers. Both are used for transmission and distribution of electricity. Electricity is transmitted, from generating centre to load centre at extra high voltage. Power transformer steps down the voltage to some extent. The consumers require electricity of different voltage. Distribution transformers are used to modulate the voltage as per the need of consumers. Usually, electricity distribution companies like state electricity Boards install distribution transformers while producing units install power transformers. Realizing the importance of private participation in the power sector, India is strengthening its policies to encourage private investments. The country’s Electricity Act of 2003 caused the compulsory unbundling of the state electricity boards to improve their operational efficiencies, thus creating new market demand for better transmission equipment. As a result the Indian power and distribution transformers market is growing rapidly, according to a recent study by Frost & Sullivan, a global growth consulting company. The Frost & Sullivan study found that revenues in this industry totaled US$1.04 billion in 2005 and is likely to reach $5.31 billion in 2012. India's capacity to manufacture power equipment is set to increase four fold to around 43,000 MW over the next 5 years, through investments of over Rs 300 bn. The additional capacity of 33,000 MW is expected to be added by 2015. Companies like L&T, JSW, and Reliance are in process of setting up equipment manufacturing capacities. Apart from the addition of indigenous capacity, this will also lead to upgradation of technology in the equipment sector. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Accurate Transformers Ltd. Alfa Transformers Ltd. Alstom T & D Distribution Transformers Ltd. Areva T & D India Ltd. Automatic Electric Ltd. Bharat Bijlee Ltd. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. Bombardier Transportation India Ltd. Caldyne Automatics Ltd. Crompton Greaves Ltd. D & H Welding Electrodes (India) Ltd. Diamond Power Transformers Ltd. E C E Industries Ltd. East India Udyog Ltd. Electra (India) Ltd. Electra (Jaipur) Ltd. Emco Ltd. General Electric Co. Of India Ltd. Genus Power Infrastructures Ltd. Icomm Tele Ltd. Indo Tech Transformers Ltd. Kanohar Electricals Ltd. Karnataka Vidyuth Karkhane Ltd. Kerala Electricals & Allied Engg. Co. Ltd. Kirloskar Brothers Ltd. Kirloskar Electric Co. Ltd. Kryfs Power Components Ltd. Marsons Ltd. Mukati Transformers Ltd. N G E F Ltd. N R International Ltd. Powergear Ltd. R T S Power Corpn. Ltd. Rams Transformers Ltd. Raychem Rpg Ltd. Rohini Industrial Electricals Ltd. S E Electricals Ltd. Shilchar Technologies Ltd. Star Delta Transformers Ltd. Sudhir Intra Vidyut Ltd. Suzlon Infrastructure Services Ltd. Toyama Electric Ltd. Transformers & Rectifiers (India) Ltd. Tyche Electronics Ltd. Usha (India) Ltd. V H E L Industries Ltd. Vaibhav Enterprises Ltd. Victory Electricals Ltd. Vijai Electricals Ltd. Voltamp Transformers Ltd. X O Infotech Ltd.
Plant capacity: 9000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 325 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1021 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 67.00%
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ROLLER FLOUR MILL (ATTA, MAIDA & SUZI)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Roller Flour mill serve the purpose of processing wheat to convert it into flour. The plant will have facility to produce, maida, suzi, atta and bran. These products will be sold as per the guidance issued for Food and Civil Supplies Department of the concerned state. Thus milling is an imperative physical function involved in converting wheat into its milled products that is separating the wheat grain into its constituents (bran, germ and endosperm). Wheat grains are the seed of the wheat plant, which is able to grow in kinds of soil and under widely differing climatic conditions. The principle wheat of commerce belong to the botanical groups Triticum vulgane, Triticum drum and triticum compactum. A grain of wheat is avoided in shape and it bears at one end a number of short fine Grains. The grains of wheat consists of three main parts the enveloping skins, the embryo and the endosperm. The relative proportions of these parts vary with the plumpness of the grain but the average composition of wheat is 83% endosperm, 2.5% embryo and 14.5% enveloping skins. The enveloping skins are pericarp consists of the epidermis, epicarp and endocarp. The pericarp represents about 6% of the grain. The seed coat consist of the testa, the hyaline layer which comprises about 2% of the grain. The aleurone layer representing about 6.5% of the grain wheat show a wide range of analytical data which is not unexpected in view of the many varieties which are grown and the very different conditions under which they are cultivated. Flourmill consists of following machineries as blender, sieves, breaks rolls, smooth steel reduction, rolls aspirators, conveyors water washers etc. The RFM industry is basically agro based processing industry engaged in the manufacture of products based on wheat, namely maida, sooji, atta and bran. In some states, under special arrangements RFM units produce whole meal atta to meet the requirements of various distribution programmes. Apart from direct consumption by general consumers, maida and sooji produced by RFM units serve as the most important raw material to more than 55 thousand units manufacturing bread, biscuit and bakery products all over the country. Besides this the resultant wheat bran serves as the poultry feed. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Ambe Agro Inds. Ltd. Ambuja Flour Mills Ltd. Anirudh Foods Ltd. Ankit India Ltd. Aruppukottai Shri Ramalinga Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Bambino Agro Inds. Ltd. Bannari Amman Flour Mill Ltd. Calcutta Flour Mills Ltd. Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. Century Flour Mills Ltd. D F M Foods Ltd. Delhi Flour Mills Co. Ltd. Flour & Food Ltd. Gallantt Udyog Ltd. General Mills India Pvt. Ltd. Govind Mills Ltd. Gupta Nutritions Pvt. Ltd. Himanshu Flour Mills Ltd. Hyderabad Roller Flour Mills Co. Ltd. Jai Mata Foods Ltd. Kaushalya Roller Flour Mills Pvt. Ltd. Koodal Industries Ltd. Modern Flour Mills Ltd. Naga Ltd. Naga Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Nath Roller Flour Mills Pvt. Ltd. Okara Flour & General Mills Ltd. Parakh Agro Inds. Ltd. Patiala Flour Mills Co. Ltd. Pawan Udyog Ltd. Poona Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Prahlad Flour Mills Ltd. R K Patel Food Pvt. Ltd. Rohini Foods Pvt. Ltd
Plant capacity: 15000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 109 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 748 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 32.00%
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POTATO FLAKES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

India is one of the leading potatoes producing country. Potatoes produced in states are suitable for value added processing like manufacturing of potato flakes and powder. Potato powder/flakes have wide application in the processed and snack food industries, it can be used in any recipe which requires mashed potatoes. Potato flakes/powder is used in bread, pancake and waffle recipes or as a thickener for smoother sauces, gravies and soups. Also used in fabricated potato chips, extruded snacks, snack pellets, battered breaded products etc. It is also used in gluten-free and allergy cooking. Potato flakes/powder is increasingly being used in a variety of food preparations like snack foods (mc Donald, Pringle, Haldiram Namkeens etc.), soups, ready to eat vegetable curries and other dishes as a thickening agent and stir fries. It has strong potato flavor. It can be a binding material for preparing kheer, tikki, chops, pakoda, cutlets, stuffed paratha, kofta and other products. Its use at present is mainly in hotels, restaurants, but acceptance in household is growing due to its inclusion in items like ready to cook soups, dal, curries, etc. It gives added flavors to curries. It can be used in gulab jamun, puri and paratha. India is one of the largest producers of potato and ranks third contributing around 7.5% to the world’s production. Potato is probably the most popular food item in the Indian diet and is a highly nutritive food. India's potato production has seen a phenomenal increase since the 1950s, mainly due to strong demand from the processing industry and remunerative returns. According to the Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI), the area under potato rose by almost 547% since the 50s, while yield rose by 267% and overall output jumped by 146%. In 2008-09, potato production (which is a winter crop) was around 28 million tonnes as against 25 million tonnes achieved last year. India' potato output is likely to rise by 5.1 percent to a record 32.7 million tonnes in 2009-10. The potato flakes is supplied in bulk to the manufacturers of the various snack food items and restaurants/ hotels. The major demand is in cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Nagpur, etc. The demand is much more than the supply at present and is likely to grow with the increasing popularity of the snack foods and other items where potato powder is used as input. It has good export potential also, and European countries are largest consumer of potato flakes/flour. According to a study by McKinney & Co, the Indian food market will grow two fold by 2025 with the rapidly growing Indian economy and improving lifestyles of Indians contributing in a big way to this growth. The market size for the food consumption category in India is expected to grow from US$ 155 billion in 2005 to US$ 344 billion in 2025 at a compound annual growth rate of 4.1 per cent according to market survey. With a growing population and rising per capita income with different lifestyles consumers are willing to pay a premium for both value-added private and branded products, creating immense opportunities for manufacturers and retailers in this sector. There is a very good scope and market potential for potato flakes and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 2160 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 664 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 951 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 42.00%
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PAINT INDUSTRY - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economic

Paint is a term used to describe a number of substances that consist of a pigment suspended in a liquid or paste vehicle such as oil or water. With a brush, a roller, or a spray gun, paint is applied in a thin coat to various surfaces such as wood, metal, or stone. Although it’s primary purpose is to protect the surface to which it is applied, paint also provides decoration. The paint industry worldwide is classified into two segments viz. decorative and industrial segment in India constitutes nearly 70% of the market whereas the scenario is just the reverse in the developed countries. In India, the market for industrial paints (30% of the overall market) is growing faster than that for decorative paints. The paints majors were switching over to industrial paints sensing better prospects of the segment. The industrial paints are produced principally by the organized sector as this segment is relatively more technology driven. Decorative Segment is dominated by the unorganized sector which now accounts for 70% of the total paint production as against 75% three to four years ago. The unorganized sector has an advantage over the organized sector since it is fully exempted from the 20% excise duty and other government levies. The major players in the decorative segment are Asian Paints, Kansai Nerolac (earlier Goodlass Nerolac), Berger Paints, ICI, Jenson & Nicholson, Shalimar Paints and Garware Paints. Each company has its relative strength in one or the other types of paints: Asian Paints has the widest range; Kansai Nerolac is strong in distempers; Berger Paints and ICI focus on emulsions; and Jenson & Nicholson in enamel paints. Kansai Nerolac has a higher proportion of industrial paints while others generally have a high proportion of decorative paints. Most of these major players, however, also produce other types of paints in which they are not dominant. Paints and their allied products like enamels, varnishes, pigments, printing inks and synthetic resins protect national assets from corrosion. These are increasingly being and consumer durable sectors. Thus economic development has a direct bearing on the paint industry. More investment in housing and infrastructure would mean greater demand for paints as most people aspire for better lifestyles. There is tremendous potential for the paints manufacturers in India because as against an average per capita consumption of paints in India is very less. The Indian paints market may grow over the next decade at 15 to 20 per cent per annum. There is a very bright future in paint industry and new entrepreneurs should venture into this segment. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Addisons Paints & Chemicals Ltd. Advance Paints Pvt. Ltd. Akzo Nobel India Ltd. American Paints (India) Ltd. Arofine Polymers Ltd. Asian Paints Industrial Coatings Ltd. Asian Paints Ltd. Asian Ppg Inds. Ltd. Bangalore Paints Ltd. Beepee Coatings Pvt. Ltd. Berger Paints India Ltd. D I C Coatings India Ltd. Deve Paints Ltd. Elantas Beck India Ltd. Jenson & Nicholson (India) Ltd. Kansai Nerolac Paints Ltd. Mercury Paints & Varnishes Ltd. Multilac Surface Coating (India) Ltd. Mysore Paints & Varnish Ltd. N C L Alltek & Seccolor Ltd. Pelican Paints Ltd. Rajit Paints Ltd. Ravi Paints & Chemicals Ltd. Rich Paints Ltd. Sarika Paints Ltd. Shalimar Paints Ltd. Sigma Paints Ltd. Special Paints Ltd. Tamil Nadu Paints & Allied Products Ltd.
Plant capacity: 4500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 150 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 609 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 50.00%
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CHLORINATED PARAFFIN WAX - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The term chlorinated paraffin is usually taken to encompass a wide range of liquids and solids from C10 to >C24 and containing 30-72% chlorine content. It is a Colourless to amber or yellow viscous liquid. Properties (including ecotoxicology) differ significantly across this range and for this reason, they are best considered in three separate groups: a) The C10-13 liquid products from 40-72% C12 content. b) The C14-17, C18-20 and chlorinated paraffin wax liquids from 40-60% C12 content. c) The powder chlorinated paraffin waxes of >69% C12 content CPs has very low vapour pressure with the most volatile (C10-13 types) < 10-3 mbar. They are chemically very stable but dehydrochlorinate on heating at high temperatures (or for prolonged periods). Dehydrochlorination also occurs on prolonged exposure to light. The largest application for chlorinated paraffins is as a plasticizer, generally in conjunction with primary plasticizers such as certain phthalates in flexible PVC. The use of chlorinated paraffins in PVC imparts a number of technical benefits, of which the most significant is the enhancement of flame-retardant properties. This is particularly of benefit in PVC flooring and cables. Chlorinated paraffins are also used as plasticizers in paint, sealants and adhesives where the main advantages over alternatives are their inertness and the enhancement of flame-retardant properties. Higher chlorine content grades are used as flame-retardants in a wide range of rubbers and polymer systems, where they are often used in preference to phosphate and bromine-based additives. The other major outlet for chlorinated paraffins is in the formulation of metalworking lubricants where they have long been recognized as one of the most effective extreme pressure additives for lubricants used in a wide range of machining and engineering operations. In all of these applications, there is a long history of safe use and some major customers have been using chlorinated paraffins for over 50 years. The Indian installed capacity for CPW is around 0.195 million tonnes per annum. There are a number of producers of CPW in India both in the organized and unorganized sector. The production of CPW of various grades is around 0.135 million tonnes per annum. The demand for CPW would be largely driven by the performance of the end user sector. The Indian demand including export demand from the period April 2010 to March 2011 is around 145000 metric tonnes per annum. The total world production of chlorinated paraffins is approximately 300,000 tonnes per year. The range of chlorinated paraffins available is generally grouped into a number of distinct 'families', depending on the chain-length of the feedstock, i.e.: Short-chain: based on C10-13 paraffin; medium-chain: based on C14-17 paraffin; long-chain: based on C18-20 (liquids), C>20 (liquids) and C20 wax grades (average carbon chain length approximately C25) Liquid grades of chlorinated paraffin are produced from each of these feedstock types. The solid grades (with 70-72% chlorine content) are made from a wax feedstock. Chlorinated paraffins are manufactured by the chlorination of n-paraffin or paraffin wax, normally in a batch process. The reaction is exothermic and leads to the generation of the by-product hydrochloric acid. After removing residual traces of acid, a stabiliser is added to produce finished batches. Chlorinated paraffins, which contain 30-70% chlorine, are largely inert and almost insoluble in water. Paraffins have extremely low vapour pressure. Most commercial chlorinated paraffin products are liquid and range from relatively low to extremely high viscosity. There are also solid types which have longer carbon chain lengths and usually contain 70-72% chlorine. Increasing the chlorine content, results in products with higher viscosity and density. Chlorinated paraffins are capable of mixing with many organic solvents such as aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, ketones and esters. Major producers: INEOS Chlor, Caffaro, Química del Cinca, Leuna Tenside and Novácke Chemické Závody in the EU; Dover Chemicals in North America; NCP Exports in South Africa; Orica in Australia. There are numerous other producers in Asia, principally in India, China, Taiwan (Handy) and Japan (Tosoh). There is a very good scope and market potential for this product both in domestic and global market.
Plant capacity: 30 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 11 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 279 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 1056 Lakhs
Return: 51.00%Break even: 34.00%
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PHARMACEUTICAL GRADE SUGAR - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Pharmaceutical grade sugar can be manufactured by using cane beet or sugar cane itself. This is the more pure form of sugar may not contain sulphur and heavy toxic material like lead arsenic and mercury etc. This is used mainly in preparation of pharmaceutical and food products. There are few companies in organized sector manufacturing pharmaceutical grade sugar. Dhampur is one of the leading manufacturers. There is good domestic as well as export market for the pharma grade sugar. It can be concluded that there is a very good scope for new entrepreneurs if they produce the product with European competitive price.
Plant capacity: 15000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 293 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 613 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 53.00%
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HOSPITAL (200 BEDDED) - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project

A private hospital is a place where one may get treatment from ordinary fever to a major surgery operation. As a matter of fact, no limitation has been made for the facilities available in a hospital. However, generally all private hospitals are provided with latest facilities and ultra modern machines. In a hospital surgeons, physicians, E.N.T. specialists, child specialist, eye surgeon, psychologists and sex specialist are essential. Increasing the negligence in the govt. hospitals and overcrowding gave the opportunity to private hospitals to have a good business. Number of private hospitals began to come in light with all facilities for E.C.G., X-Ray, Laboratories, 24 hours emergency and admission facilities for ill persons, seriously injured and pregnant ladies. These hospitals can be seen well crowded as they provide good services at a smile. There are very good scope for private hospitals in metro and small cities. So, starting a new hospital will be profitable venture.
Plant capacity: 200 Beds Plant & machinery: 27 Crores
Working capital: -T.C.I: Total Capital Investment : 151 Crores
Return: 43.00%Break even: 33.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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About NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Selection of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

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