Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Oman, Middle East - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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Copper Powder - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Copper powder is finely granulated copper that has many metallurgic functions. The powder is cheaper than regular cast copper, so engineers can save money on supplies, and it often helps conserve materials because less copper will be needed. Copper powder also can be made to have different densities if handled by a powder metallurgist, meaning the copper can be porous and impregnated with oils or other metals, or it can be non-porous like cast copper. Powdered copper is used as an alloy, in metal-plastic combinations, and in structural applications. Production Process Two main industrial processes turn copper, or any other metal, into a powder. In the atomization method, molten copper is pushed through a thin tube and gas pushes against the stream of metal, producing turbulence and causing the molten copper to powder. With centrifugal disintegration, copper rods are placed in a rotating spindle, and an arc heats the rods. By using constant rotation, small bits of the copper will fly off, producing the powder. Hydrometallurgy is another method used to produce copper powder. The process yields a high purity powder, averaging more than 99% copper. Generally, the powder obtained has fine particle sizes with relatively low apparent densities and high green strength. Application Copper powder often is used as an alloying powder and is somewhat easier to work with than cast copper. This is because, in its powdered form, copper is easier to heat up and mix with other metals. Copper is often alloyed with iron & tin and powdered copper can work the same as cast copper in this arena. As a powder, it also can be mixed with non-metals such as plastic to create new substances that are commonly used for decoration. Around 70 percent of powdered copper is used in making self lubricating bearings, which take advantage of powdered copper’s porous nature. Copper/Copper alloy powders are used in many different industries for many different uses. Following are some examples of the powder uses: Brazing, Sintered Products, Friction Products, Soft Magnetic Products, Chemicals, Metallurgy,Filtration, Printing, Surface, Coating, Welding, Copper Fortification etc. Copper powder uses include powder metallurgy (PM), metal injection molding (MIM), friction components, thermal management, diamond cutting tools, lubricants, carbon brush, coatings, catalyst and crazing paste. Market Potential The indigenous production of copper powder is only around 7000 tonnes per annum as against an estimated demand of about 15000 tonnes per annum. This itself shows the huge demand for the product in India. Since there are only a few small scale manufacturing units scattered over the country, the market potential for the product is very large. The annual global production of metal powders for powder metallurgy now exceeds 1 million tonnes.
Plant capacity: 2 MT/ day Plant & machinery: 27 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 792 Lakh
Return: 50.00%Break even: 29.70%
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ERW STEEL PIPES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Profile Electric Resistance Welded Pipe that is also known as ERW pipe and it is made of strips of steel that is hot rolled and passed through forming rolls and finally welded together. It is used for usually high diameter. ERW steel tubes are comparatively economical and possess high dimensional accuracy, and can also be produced with thinner wall thicknesses. Owing to these advantages, use of ERW steel tubes had risen steadily in recent years. However, as the properties required for steel tubes used in automobile parts have become stricter, development of a new steel tube which possesses both high strength and excellent formability has been desired. ERW pipe is divided into many different kinds. By end-use it is divided into general pipe, galvanized pipe, oxygen lance pipe, wire casing, metric pipe, roller pipe, deep well pump tubes, automobile tubes, transformers pipes, welding thin-walled tube, welding shape tube and spiral welded pipe. Properties High performance ERW steel pipes and tubes possess high corrosion resistance, high deformability, high strength and high toughness. These pipes are used in fencing, lining pipes, oil country tubular, scaffolding, water and gas conveyance, structural, engineering purposes, etc. There has been tremendous increase in the production of ERW steel pipes due to higher demand in oil and gas industry, infrastructure and automobile uses. ERW Stainless Steel Pipes are extensively used for conveyance of fluids intended for critical high temperature and general. Uses and Applications ERW steel pipes and tubes are used in various engineering purposes, fencing, scaffolding, line pipes etc. ERW pipe is superior ERW steel pipes find its usage in diverse fields. • They are used in various structural and engineering purposes, fencing, line pipes, and scaffolding. • For the purpose of oil country tubular, water and gas conveyance ERW steel pipes are widely used. • There has been a tremendous increase in the use of ERW steel pipes in the sector of automobiles and in the sector of agriculture. • They are equally used for drinking water in housings, in collieries for extraction of water, thermal powers, hand pumps for deep boring wells, and also as strong protection for cables by Telecom Department. • ERW is used for transporting oil, gas and other vapour-liquid objects and can meet the requirements of high and low pressure. • Besides, widely used in aviation, aerospace, energy, electronics, automobiles, light industry used as well as various industry departments. So far, it occupies a decisive position in the field of transporting tube all over the world. • ERW Pipes are extensively used in agriculture, industry and construction activities like scaffolding and casing in bore wells. Market Scenario The pipe market in India is growing steadily and will witness capacity additions as the government gives high priority to developing infrastructure in the country. Pipes are imperative in all natural gas projects and waterways projects. PVC pipes are becoming popular due to a variety of reasons and are seen to replace traditional pipes.
Plant capacity: 12 MT/Day Plant & machinery: 172 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 416 Lakh
Return: 36.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Transmission Towers & Tele Communication Towers With Galvanizing Plant - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

A transmission tower (colloquially termed an electricity pylon in the United Kingdom and parts of Europe, an ironman in Australia, and a hydro tower in English Canada) is a tall structure, usually a steel lattice tower, used to support an overhead power line. They are used in high voltage AC and DC systems, and come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Typical height ranges from 15 to 55 metres (49 to 180 ft), though the tallest are the 370 m (1,214 ft) towers of a 2700 metres long span of Zhoushan Island Overhead Powerline Tie. In addition to steel, other materials may be used, including concrete and wood. The products of the Proposed Fabrication units are covered by well designed and fabricated structures for a. state electricity boards for the purposes of electricity supply (i,e) a) power transmission Towers, TV and Radio Towers, Telecommunication Towers, b) Railway and Highway bridges etc. c. Industrial structures etc. Some transmission towers combine these basic functions. Transmission towers and their overhead power lines are often considered to be a form of visual pollution. Methods to reduce the visual impact include undergrounding. Tower structures can be classified by the way in which they support the line conductors. Suspension structures support the conductor vertically using suspension insulators. . Strain structures resist net tension in the conductors and the conductors attach to the structure through strain insulators. Dead end structures support the full weight of the conductor and also all the tension in it, and also use strain insulators. Where the conductors are straight, a tangent tower is used. Angle towers are used where a line must change direction. Structures are classified as tangent suspension, angle suspension, tangent strain, angle strain, tangent dead end and angle dead end.
Plant capacity: 144 MT /day Plant & machinery: 11576 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 15505 lakh
Return: 22.45%Break even: 42.26%
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Gypsum Plaster Board - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Gypsum board, also known as drywall or plaster board, consists of a core of gypsum surrounded with a paper covering. Several varieties of gypsum board products are available; each is comprised of a specially formulated gypsum plaster mix and facing paper specifically developed for the intended application. These gypsum board products include regular gypsum wallboard, moisture resistant gypsum board, and type X fire resistant gypsum board. Gypsum plaster boards are classified according to their use. Gypsum wall board has a face to which decoration may be applied. There are five types of gypsum board product that are considered standard. Innovation has created several new products now available. • Standard Gypsum Board: Regular core, Flexible board, Type “X” fire resistant, Moisture resistant and Plaster baseboard. • Specialty Gypsum Board: Interior ceiling board, Mold & Moisture resistant, Shaft liner, Abuse resistant and Impact resistant. The compressive strength of hardened gypsum plaster boards depends on the quantity of water used in the paste before setting the strength of the product also depends upon its moisture content in the presence of 1% of moisture the compressive strength decreases to about 40% of that of the dry product because of the increased friction between the crystals. Often no further decrease of strength is observed when the moisture content increases over 1%. The bending strength of Gypsum plaster boards is usually 50% of the compressive strength. Gypsum boards and their related products can be used in a variety of applications. Gypsum board is widely used for internal walls and ceilings by the construction industry, and is a material of growing importance in the do it yourself sector. Gypsum board is also a common fire barrier used in house and general building construction. Commonly gypsum boards used in walls and ceilings, in moist areas, in exterior applications, for fire resistance and area separation and special systems. Gypsum plaster board (GPB) popularly known as gypboard, is a low cost, light weight construction material made from aerated gypsum plaster and produced in varying thicknesses suitable for different applications. Gypsum is an important raw material used in the manufacture of cement. Consumption of gypsum varies from 2 to 6% in different plants depending upon the quality of clinker. India has good reserves of natural gypsum, mainly concentrated in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. Besides, a number of chemical industries obtain gypsum as a by product in the form of phospho gypsum. The chemical gypsum can be utilised as a whole or as part substitute to natural gypsum. Many cement plants, which are located near the source of phosphogypsum are using this substitute product.
Plant capacity: 6600 No.s/day Plant & machinery: 192 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 551 lakh
Return: 26.11%Break even: 61.30%
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ALUMINIUM FOIL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economic

Aluminium foil is one of the most versatile packaging medium. The growth of this industry has been in the recent past, owing to the growing application of foil in a variety of products. Aluminium foil is regarded as unique material amongst flexible packaging materials. This is because of the characteristic of the foil to retain all metallic characteristics of aluminium. Aluminium foil is a thin sheet of metal. As such it can be an absolute barrier to moisture, gases, odours, bacteria and moulds. The high reflectivity of aluminium ensures good protection against radiant heat, whilst its opacity is important in preventing deterioration of a very large range of foods and drinks which are affected by light. Examples of changes caused by light, and prevented by foil packaging, are the destruction of vitamins and rancidity of fats and oils. Aluminium foils thicker than 25 µm (1.0 mil) are impermeable to oxygen and water. Foils thinner than this become slightly permeable due to minute pinholes caused by the production process. Aluminium foil has a shiny side and a matte side. The shiny side is produced when the aluminium is rolled during the final pass. It is difficult to produce rollers with a gap fine enough to cope with the foil gauge, therefore, for the final pass, two sheets are rolled at the same time, doubling the thickness of the gauge at entry to the rollers. The reflectivity of bright aluminium foil is 88% while dull embossed foil is about 80%. The applications of Foil could be divided into two major groups i.e. packaging applications and non packaging applications. Packaging applications include the products given above for these products, the requirement of packaging is such that it should protect the product from physical and chemical changes and climatic hazards Non packaging applications include heat exchangers tube fins in air conditioners, capacitors and cable wraps, in which specific properties of the foil such as conductivity are used. Major markets are Pharmaceutical, Cigarettes, Tea industry, Tagger foil, Food Products, Dairy Products, Multi ply Laminates, Electrical/ Power Application, Decorative Laminates etc. One of the largest applications of aluminium foil is flexible packaging, which includes aseptic beverage cartons, confectionery, bakery and other oven cooked products, coffee, tea and chocolate drinks, tobacco products, and pharmaceutical packaging. Other large applications of Aluminium Foil include aluminium foil containers, where aluminium foil properties offer a great range of solutions for food packaging, and Household foil, which became in many countries an essential part of modern life, for cooking, or for many uses at home, or in commercial kitchens (restaurants, hospitals, schools, canteens). Approximately 75% of aluminium foil is used for packaging of foods, cosmetics, and chemical products, and 25% used for industrial applications (e.g. thermal insulation, cables and electronics). The construction and automotive markets are responsible for nearly 25% of the total demand on the aluminium foil market. Aluminium is used in construction of commercial buildings and homes, most commonly in heating and ducting. In the auto industry, aluminium is gaining popularity and merit as a material used in car manufacturing. Due to its intrinsically lightweight, versatile properties, aluminium components improve a vehicles’ efficiency.
Plant capacity: 12 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 423 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1172 Lakh
Return: 44.13%Break even: 32.29%
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Vacuum Distillation of Crude Coal Tar(SPECIFICALLY CREOSOTE OIL) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Vacuum distillation is the distillation process of separating liquids boiling above 150°C at 1 atm from Nonvolatile impurities. Another liquid is boiling at least 25°C higher than the first. For vacuum distillation of crude coal tar, (specifically creosote oil), the crude coal tar is produced from coke ovens of steel plant, 50% of this crude coal tar in pitch. Coal tar is essentially the thick & black viscous liquid which is obtained by the carbonization of coal, and is a by product in the ordinary manufacture of coal gas. It should be differentiated from all the other forms of tar. Its composition varies enormously according to the mode of its formation in the gas or coke works. Properties: Coal tars are by-products of the destructive distillation (carbonization) of coal to produce coke or gas. The composition and properties of a coal tar depend primarily on the temperature of the carbonization and to a lesser extent on the nature (source) of the coal used as feedstock. In general, coal tars are complex combinations of hydrocarbons, phenols, and heterocyclic oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen compounds. Coal tars typically are black or almost-black viscous liquids or semisolids with a characteristic naphthalene like odor. They are slightly soluble in water, partially soluble in acetone, carbon disulfide, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethanol, methanol, petroleum ether, and sodium hydroxide, and soluble in benzene and nitrobenzene. Low-temperature coal tars (formed at temperatures below 700°C) are black, viscous liquids that are denser than water and contain a lower percentage (40% to 50%) of aromatic compounds than high-temperature coal tars. Coal tars are highly flammable and corrosive, and toxic gases may be released when they burn. Their vapors can form explosive mixtures with air. Uses & Applications:Coal tars and coal-tar pitches have many uses in industry and in consumer products. Coal tars are used primarily for the production of refined chemicals and coal-tar products, such as creosote, coal-tar pitch, and crude naphthalene and anthracene oils from the distillation of crude coal tar. Coal tar has been used as a fuel in open-hearth furnaces and blast furnaces in the steel industry, as a binder and filler in surface-coating formulations, and as a modifier for epoxy resin surface coatings. Coke oven pitch is used to produce pitch coke, which is used as the carbon component of electrodes, carbon brushes, and carbon and graphite articles. Distillation fractions and residues from high temperature coal tars are used for road paving and construction and in the production of naphthalene, recovery of benzene, production of anthracene paste, briquetting of smokeless solid fuel, impregnation of electrodes and fibers, and manufacture of electrodes and graphite. Market Scenario: The downstream markets of coal tar mainly include coal tar deep-processing (phenol, anthracene, industrial naphthalene, and coal tar pitch), carbon black, substitute for heavy oil and exportation. Among these applications, coal tar consumption for deep processing ranked No.1 with 66.4% of the total consumption volume in 2009, followed by carbon black raw oil sharing 28.1% of the total. During 2005-2011, China's coal tar deep processing capacity increased from 5.4 million tons to 16.35 million tons, with a CAGR of 20.3%. From 2010 to Q1 2012, the capacity of the coal tar deep-processing projects planned or construction totaled 8.50 million t/a.
Plant capacity: Creosote Oil 1875 MT/Annum,Phenolic or Carbolic Oil 300 MT/Annum,Naphthalic Oil 900 MT/Annum,Wash Oil 600 MT/Annum,Light Oil 75 MT/Annum, Medium Soft Pitch 3750 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 149 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 323 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 33.00%
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ACTIVATED CARBON FROM SAW DUST & COCONUT SHELL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Activated Carbon is a unique material because of the way it is filled with holes (voids, spaces, sites, pores,) whatever the size of molecules. It is that, although they are spaces of zero electron density, these pores possess intense vander wall forces (from the near proximity of carbon atoms). Activated carbon is a non graphitic form of carbon, which could be produced by activation of any carbonaceous material such as coconut shells, bamboo, wood chips, sawdust, coal, lignite, paddy husk etc. The process of activation is carried out in two stages. The raw material is first carbonized and then activated either by chemicals or by steam to derive the highly porous structure. Shell based activated carbon is extensively used in the process of refining and bleaching of vegetable oils and chemical solutions, water purification, recovery of solvents, recovery of gold, in gas masks for protection against toxic gases, in filters for providing adequate protection against war gases/nuclear fall outs, etc. Uses and Application A wide variety of activated carbon products are available exhibiting markedly different characteristics depending upon the raw material and activation of technique used in their production. In selecting the activated carbon it is important to have a clear understanding of both the adsorptive and physical characteristics of the material in order to optimize the performance capabilities. Activated Carbon of three grades namely powder, granular and pelletlized finds hundreds of different applications. By chemical activation, predominantly powder activated carbons are made and these qualities are mostly used for wastewater treatment. Granular products and pellets used for gas purification are predominantly made by gas steam activation. To cite some examples from the numerous applications: decolorization of sugar and sweeteners, drinking water treatment, gold recovery, production of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals, catalytic process, off gas treatment of waste incinerators, automotive vapor filters, color/odor correction in wines and fruit juices. Market Survey The global activated carbon market was worth $1.8 billion in 2011 and is estimated to reach $3 billion by 2016, growing at a CAGR of 11.1% from 2011 to 2016. The powdered and granular activated carbon segments are the key revenue generators for the activated carbon market. The demand for activated carbon (AC) is expected to grow due to the new demand in mercury control technology for industrial air purification applications.
Plant capacity: 6000 MT/ Annum Plant & machinery: 181 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1070 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 37.00%
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AAC BLOCKS AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE BLOCKS)Fly Ash Based - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) is a non-combustible, lime based, cementitious building material that is expanding into new worldwide markets. As a single component building material, AAC has achieved acceptance in new markets throughout the world. AAC has a history of one hundred of years and has become the pillar industry in construction field. In our country aerated techniques have been developed for about 40 years, and its technique skills and equipments are becoming mature. The AAC has the features of light bulk density, good thermal insulation properties and sound-absorption, certain strength and process ability, and its raw materials is very rich, especially the reuse of fly ash enables the comprehensive utilization of industrial residue, curbs environmental pollution, no destroy on farmland, create good social and economic benefits. AAC is an ideal alternative of the traditional clay brick wall materials. For many years AAC has been strongly supported by national wall reform policy, tax policy and environmental policy. In a sentence, AAC has been an important factor in new building materials and has a broad market prospect. Uses and Applications AAC has been used in a variety of construction projects throughout the United States. It has been used for load-bearing walls and floor/roof systems in elementary and secondary school classrooms, multistory university dormitories, military base barracks, and various hotel chains. It has been chosen for its material properties and speed of construction. High rise buildings have utilized AAC for shaft and fire walls due to its tremendous fire ratings. Manufacturing and warehouse facilities have found that AAC non load bearing cladding panels provide both an aesthetically desirable and acoustically functional solution for their projects. AAC has been used in single and multifamily construction for its thermal, acoustical, and fire performance. AAC products are equally suitable for residential construction, multistory buildings, commercial, and industrial construction. The products are made of natural materials: sand, lime, and water. These raw materials are processed to provide a building material with a large number of air pores; hence, aerated concrete. Fine pores (nearly 70% of the product) and the solid structure of calcium silicate hydrate gives AAC its exceptional material properties. Market Survey The autoclaved aerated concrete sector of the construction industry is now in the phase of a tremendous growth cycle. The autoclaved aerated concrete industry must utilize competitive techniques as customers are looking for lowered costs. AAC is not a new building system but it is new to India. Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC), though relatively unknown in India, is currently one of the many building products being touted as green or environmentally friendly. AAC is a lightweight manufactured building stone. Comprised of all natural raw materials, AAC is used in a wide range of commercial, industrial, and residential applications. AAC Reduces Additional Material Use and Minimizes Waste and Pollution. Today, concrete used in most places, including many urban areas, is in proportion of 1:2:4 (cement: sand: coarse aggregate). This ancient technology has vanished at many sites in various metros. Proper concrete mix design is being done. This helps achieve superior quality and economy to the constructor. Concrete will no longer be a civil engineers' product. It will be a formulation of several chemicals with cement playing a major role. The market size of cement and AAC is defined as the amount of cement and AAC products supplied to the total Indian marketplace, in a particular period. Therefore, market size is determined by supply rather than demand. The outlook (for autoclaved aerated concrete) is more optimistic. Overall demand improvement will lead to a reduction in the inventory of unsold residential and commercial premises. In addition to this, residential construction from high-end apartments to affordable housing is being announced and expected to come on stream. The Indian cement industry is on a capacity expansion spree and was expected in 2007-08 to add another 60 mn tonne, with an investment of around Rs 100 bn. Between 2005 and 2008 around 55 companies announced either greenfield or brownfield expansion plans. With these projects, Indias cement capacity was to touch a new high of approximately 200 mn tonne by 2008. Indian cement firms had also plans to increase their capacity by 74 mn tonne by 2010 with investment of Rs 300 bn. Companies like Zuari Cement, OCL, Dalmia Cement, Binani Cement, Birla Corp, India Cements, Saurashtra Cement, NCL Industries and JK Cement have proposed or are implementing capacity expansion projects. By 2008, about 21.5 mn tonne of additional capacity was expected to be realised through expansion only. ?
Plant capacity: 150000 cubic meter/ Annum Plant & machinery: 1100 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1790 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 53.00%
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ALUMINA REFINERY - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Alumina is a white granular material, a little less coarse than table salt, and is properly called aluminium oxide. Aluminium does not occur as a metal, but must first be refined from bauxite in its oxide form. Aluminium compounds make up 7.3% of the earth's crust, making it the third most common crustal element and the most common crustal metal on earth. Aluminium was first produced in 1808. There are three main steps in the process of aluminium production. First is the mining of aluminium ore, most commonly bauxite, referred to as bauxite mining. Second is the refining of bauxite into aluminium oxide trihydrate (Al2O3), known as alumina, and third is the electrolytically reduction of alumina into metallic aluminium. Development in the aluminium producing industry, consumption and environ¬mental implications are discussed, as well as aspects of future trends. This also includes the preceding processes of bauxite mining and alumina refining. Each of these process steps are described consecutively. Uses & Application Alumina is used in Gas laser tubes, Wear pads, Seal rings, High temperature electrical insulators, High voltage insulators, Furnace liner tubes, Thread and wire guides, Electronic substrates, Ballistic armor, Abrasion resistant tube and elbow liners, Thermometry sensors, Laboratory instrument tubes and sample holders, Instrumentation parts for thermal property test machines & Grinding media Market Survey The markets for alumina and aluminum have dramatic growth potential as a result of both significantly increased demand and political and environmental factors affecting supply. Global Alumina is perfectly positioned to capture the demand of independent aluminum producers as it builds the first green-field refinery to be constructed in Guinea in more than 40 years. Global aluminium prices are likely to go up in the wake of growing demand at domestic and international fronts, coupled with China's step to slash production of the metal. According to Harbor Intelligence, a global consulting firm specialising in forecasts for commodities, aluminium prices could touch $2,700 per tonne in the first half of the next year. In the middle of 2008, industry professionals forecast an increase in annual alumina demand of approximately 50 million metric tons, for a cumulative annual demand of 124 million metric tons, by 2017.
Plant capacity: 1800000 MT/ Annum Plant & machinery: 64454 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 79232 Lakhs
Return: 48.00%Break even: 46.00%
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CEMENT PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Cement is a material with adhesive and cohesive properties which make it capable of bonding minerals fragments into a compact whole. It can be defined as any substance, which can join unite two or more pieces of some other substance together to form a unit mass. Cement, as used in construction industries, is a fine powder which when mixed with water and allowed to set and harden can join different components or members together to give a mechanically strong structure. Thus cement can be used as bonding material for bricks or for bonding solid particles of different sizes (rubber masonry) to form a monolith. The name Portland cement is given originally due to the resemblance of the color and quality of the hardened cement to Portland stone Portland Island in England. The most common type of cement used by concrete manufacturers is Portland cement, which is prepared by igniting a mixture of raw materials mainly composed of calcium carbonate or aluminium silicates. According to ASTM standard specification C 150, Portland cement is defined as a hydraulic cement produced by pulverizing clinker consisting essentially of hydraulic calcium silicates, usually containing one or more of the forms of calcium sulfate as an inter ground addition . The phase compositions in Portland cement are shown below and they are denoted as tri calcium silicate (C3S), di calcium silicate (C2S), tri calcium aluminate (C3A), and tetra calcium alumino ferrite (C4AF) Uses & Applications The most common use for cement is in the production of concrete. Concrete is a composite material consisting of aggregate (gravel and sand), cement, and water. As a construction material, concrete can be cast in almost any shape desired, and once hardened, can become a structural (load bearing) element. Users may be involved in the factory production of pre cast units, such as panels, beams, road furniture, or may make cast in situ concrete such as building superstructures, roads, dams. Market Survey Indian cement industry, a leading manufacturing sub-sector in India, entered a new era after the partial decontrol in 1982 and near total free market in 1989, ahead of the dawn of the liberalisation era in the country. The industry was totally delicensed in 1991 under the Industries Development and Regulation Act. India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. It is followed by Japan and the USA. The overall turnover of the industry is placed at Rs 600 bn. India accounts for a share of about 6% against China's 37% and the USA's 5% of global production. The demand for cement mainly depends on the level of development and the rate of growth of the economy. There are no close substitutes for cement and hence the demand for cement is price inelastic.
Plant capacity: 6000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 777 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1253 Lakhs
Return: 48.00%Break even: 39.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

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