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Best Business Opportunities in West Bengal- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mineral: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is one of the world's most naturally endowed lands. India is home to numerous minerals which benefit the country economically. The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal stands third in the country in terms of mineral production. The state contributes about one-fifth to the total production of minerals in the country. Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities. There are good possibilities of obtaining mineral oil and natural gas in the areas near the Bay of Bengal.

West Bengal is the third largest state for coal production, accounting for about half of India's total. Lignite mined in Darjeeling is used to make briquettes. West Bengal ranks next to Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in production of fireclay. China clay used in the pottery, paper, textile, rubber and paint industries are unearthed at Mohammad Bazar in Birbhum and Mejia in Bankura. Limestone which is used in cement industry is mined in Bankura, Purulia, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. There are copper mines in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. Small quantities of low quality iron-ore are mined in Bardhaman, Purulia, Birbhum and Darjeeling. There are manganese in the Jhargram region of Paschim Medinipur, Purulia and Bardhaman. The state’s production of dolomite comes from the Dooars region of Jalpaiguri.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Keeping pace with the liberalised Mineral Policy being adopted by the Government of India, Government of West Bengal has formulated its Mineral Policy in 2002. Among the basic objectives of the West Bengal Mineral Policy, 2002 following are worth mentioning:

1. To review the existing State monopolies over mineral exploration and wherever required, go in for selective de-reservation.

2. To invite private capital, resources and technology, both foreign and domestic, for better exploration and exploitation;

3. To promote necessary linkages for smooth and uninterrupted development of mineral based industries to meet the needs of the State.

4. To ensure proper vigilance and supervision of mining activities with particular emphasis on simplification of procedures and greater generation of revenues from mineral resources.

5. To develop industry friendly facilities in specific minerals like, Coal, Granite and China Clay and in Natural gas like Coal bed Methane.

 

Iron and Steel: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

India has one of the richest reserves of all the raw materials required for the industry, namely land, capital, cheap labour, iron ore, power, coal etc. Yet India is 5th in the world ranking for production of steel. Iron and steel is basis for laying the vibrant Indian industry. Production of steel has come to exist as an index of a country's potential, industrial and economic growth. The making of iron and steel had been known to the people of India since long. The iron pillar of Delhi is a proof of it and speaks of the quality of steel produced in this country in ancient times. The steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress, because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. The per capita usage of steel gives an indication of the technological advancement of a nation.

RESOURCES:

The growth of steel industry in the State is largely related to the proximity of raw materials, skilled manpower, port facilities and the vast market for steel products. Given these location advantages, large numbers of mini integrated steel plants have already been set up in the state manufacturing a wide range of products such as sponge irons, mild steels, iron pipes etc. The neighbouring Eastern States of India viz. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chattisgarh are endowed with huge iron ore reserves along with cooking coal and non-cooking coal. The establishment of Bengal Iron Works at Kulti in Burdwan district of West Bengal in 1870 where the first commercial blast furnace was set up in 1875 heralded the commencement of this industry in the State.

The easy availability of power, competitive rates of freight, close proximity to areas with natural resources relevant to the industry, and labour force traditionality skilled in operating iron and steel units are factors that have influenced the surge in investment in this sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed  as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted.  The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels.  With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability  of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing  procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector. 

 

Leather: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilisation of available raw materials for maximising the returns, particularly from exports.  The Indian leather sector meets 10% of global finished leather requirement. The leather industry is spread in different segments, namely, tanning & finishing, footwear & footwear components, leather garments, leather goods including saddlery & harness, etc.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has been functioning as a vast raw material resource base for the leather industry in the form of hides and skins. However, Indian leather export has undergone a transition from the export of raw hides and skins in the fifties to value added finished leather in the nineties. In the context, leather processing industries in West Bengal needed a strong structural support and proposal was mooted for setting up an eco-friendly complex near Calcutta with modern technical and training facilities. In this full scale integrated leather complex, facilities for leather-finishing, computer-aided design centres, modern training centre for up gradation are also being provided. This mega complex will also have manufacturing units to produce footwear uppers, finished foot wears, leather goods and garments to catering to the expanding domestic and export markets. The availability of a wide range of cost effective leather chemicals with consistent quality is crucial for the success of such a mega complex. Entrepreneurs can set up manufacturing units in the mega complex for both tanning chemicals and post-tanning chemical auxiliaries.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry are:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semifinished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme 

 

Petrochemicals: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. Since the beginning, the Indian petrochemical industry has shown an enviable growth rate. This industry also contributes largely to the economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. It provides the foundation for manufacturing industries like construction, packaging, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles etc.    

RESOURCES:

The state of West Bengal accounts for almost 4% of India’s production of petroleum products and 13% of India’s polymer production. The production has almost doubled in the last decade. Crude throughput at Haldia refinery increased to 5,502 million tones and its capacity utilization increased to 91.7% during 2005-06.

The growth of the Petrochemical sector has been very impressive both in terms of units set up and investment volume. The main reason for the recent growth of this industry is due to upstream and downstream industry linkages by the oil refining and petrochemical units set up in the state. The industry is due to receive a further fillip with the announcement of US$ 1 billion gas pipeline project to bring natural gas in the state. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. is India’s second largest integrated petrochemical complex. Currently producing 1.5 million tons of polymers and chemicals and has grown significantly to its present turnover of US$ 1.4 billion.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Encourage public sector companies & nationalized banks to enter the capital market to raise resources & offer new investment avenues.

•        Invite & encourage private sector investment in these industries in order to accelerate growth.

•        Set up Petroleum, Chemical & Petroleum Investment Regions (PCPIR) in the state to promote investment on a global scale.

•        Foreign Technology investments will be invited in the petrochemical industries.

•        Encourage Foreign Equity participation in the petrochemical industries.

 

Food Processing: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is one of the three front running states in India in food and agro processing sector. Fruits, vegetables and cereals grow in abundance in West Bengal. The state accounts for 30% of potatoes, 27% of pineapples, 12% of bananas and 16% of India’s rice production. Additionally fruits like mangoes, papaya, guava and jackfruit and vegetables like tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, are available in plenty.

West Bengal is the largest producer of rice, pineapple, vegetables and fruits in the country and second largest producer of potatoes and lychees. It ranks 1st in total meat production (including poultry) in the country and accounts for 10% of the country’s edible oil production. It is a substantial producer of spices, coconut, cashew nut, arecanut, betel vine and oilseeds. West Bengal is also one of the leading states in pisciculture since it the largest producer of fish.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Agro & Food Processing Industries form a very important part of the State’s economy. The West Bengal Government is setting up a number of policies & plans to focus on the selected areas like vegetables, fruits, fisheries, rice, poultry, dairy & floriculture. The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Increase agricultural production & productivity vertically through wider adoption of appropriate eco-system-specific & cost effective technology.

•        Bring more area under High Yielding Variety (HYV), hybrid & improved varieties of crops.

•        Emphasize increase production of pulses & oil seeds in non-traditional areas & non-conventional seasons.

•        Create employment opportunities in this sector to improve the socio-economic status of the farmers & also to remove sub-regional disparity.

•        Extending soil-testing facilities up to district level for proper use of fertilizer.

•        Post-harvest technology for reducing loss & better marketability.

•        Bring cultivable waste land & fallow land under cultivation.

•        Application of low cost technology for increasing production & productivity.

•        More money involvement in agriculture.

•        Encourage private entrepreneurship for processing of fruits, vegetables & horticultural items.

•        Promote floriculture parks & flower complexes in the state.

•        Other Business Process, knowledge Process and Engineering Process Outsourcing services

The State Government is encouraging the farmers for mechanization through the use of modern agricultural implements & machines for timely farm operation & reduction in the cost of cultivation.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

The textile industry of Kolkata plays a significant role in the economy of the capital city of the state of West Bengal. West Bengal has traditionally been a major producer of cotton textile as well in the country. Jute textile manufacturing is the most prominent industry in West Bengal due to availability of raw jute in the state. At present there are 59 Jute mills in West Bengal. Main jute products are Hessian, sacking, jute bags, and other items produced by jute. Most of the jute mills are located on the banks of river Hooghly near Kolkata. West Bengal is the leader and pioneer in the country for the manufacturing of Jute textiles. Hosiery industry in West Bengal has a huge grow potential as Bengal was the birthplace of hosiery industry in India.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. Biopharma and bioservices sectors contributed 63 per cent and 33 per cent, respectively, to the total biotech exports. The bioagriculture, bioindustrials and bioinformatics sectors remained focussed on domestic operations, bringing in nearly 90 per cent of their revenues from India.

RESOURCES

West Bengal has a vast knowledge base with few of the premiers institutes of India located here.          Presence of Kharagpur IIT which over the years have done path breaking research in this sector is a major resource of biotechnology development. It has rich bio diversity, characterized by several species of medicinal & aromatic plants and diverse agro climatic zones. A matrix of 75 deliverable products is ready for commercialization in the agro and medical sector. Increase awareness among people about the adverse side effects of synthetic drags.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The state has been putting efforts to facilitate the growth of biotech industries and development of clean biotech technologies. The various key initiatives under this section include:

•        Conserve bio-diversity through mapping and sustainable use of bio-resources.

•        Create a "Centre of Excellence for Biotechnology" as a high quality support service to Biotech Industries.

•        Facilitate the flow of venture capital funds and bank credit to Biotech companies.

•        Spread general awareness for optimum utilisation of Biotechnology in the agriculture sector.

 

Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market. The Indian auto component industry has kept pace with technological developments and is today catering not only to OEM and Tier I auto makers in India but abroad as well. Many Indian auto part makers have today also succeeded in emerging as the supplier of choice to global auto majors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has traditionally been very strong in the engineering industries and has been an important manufacturing base in the past. West Bengal’s Hindustan Motors was one of the pioneers by commencing production of vehicles in the state in the year 1948. Recently it has collaborated with Mitsubishi Company of Japan to diverse into a wide range of cars and manufactures everything related to automobile industry like trekkers, trucks, and also luxury cars like Mitsubishi Lancer and touching a consolidated net sale of US$ 233.47 million in the last fiscal year. West Bengal realizing this huge potential in this sector has geared up with appropriate plans and policies to boost this sector. Also it has got certain inherent competitive advantages since the state is located in the heart of India’s steel and manufacturing cluster.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:

•        Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.

•        Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.

•        Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.

•        Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.

•        Encouraging development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources.

•        Development of domestic safety & environmental standards at par with the international standards.

•        Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies & availability of appropriate auto fuels.

The State is also encouraging dynamic investment in the sector to create an environment for volume production & indigenous capability for small cars & auto parts.

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is the second largest tea growing state in the countryl contributing almost 21% of the total production in the country. There are three tea-growing zones in the state;       Darjeeling,          Terai and Dooars. Darjeeling tea is considered to be the finest in the world. There are 343 tea gardens in West Bengal covering 1,03,950 hectares planted area. Some of the major players in the Tea industry in West Bengal include Tata Tea Ltd, James Finlay & Company. Both of them together are representing world’s second largest global branded tea operations with product and brand presence in over 50 countries. Goodricke Group Ltd. (GGL) a part of the UK-based Cammelia Plc, the world’s single largest tea producer in the private sector. In India it is the third largest tea producer and the leading producer of Darjeeling tea.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The tea industry in India is highly regulated. It requires licenses for its import or export. While The Tea Act, 1953 controls production and distribution activities, the Tea (Marketing) Control Order, 2003 regulates tea sales and stipulates that a defined percentage of tea produced from each garden be sold through the auction system. In addition to this central cess, States also levy sales tax on sale of tea. Profits from production and sale of tea are subject to agricultural income tax by the states. Thus, the residual income after paying corporate tax is taxed again. This tax is levied on profits accruing to gardens located in respective state. 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in tea industry is permitted subject to compulsory divestment of 26% equity of the company in favour of an Indian partner / Indian public within five years from the date of investment.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has the widest variety of attractions in terms of tourist spots from the bustling Kolkata Megapolis with its historical and modern charms, to the zones of tranquillity like the Himalayan terrain in the north to the Sunderbans in the south. The state is endowed with all the diversities of nature that is a tourist’s dream. From the arid Chhota Nagpur plateau region in the west, forests in the north and south, mountains in the north, sea beaches in the south and rivers crisscrossing the whole of the state the varied panorama offers the discerning traveller a very wide choice and caters to the requirements of varied travel segments. More specifically, the snow capped peaks of the Himalayas, Darjeeling, referred by many as the Queen of the Hill Stations, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway declared as a World Heritage Site, the vast tea estates of the Dooars, the famed Royal Bengal Tiger of Sunderbans, the innumerable historical landmarks of India’s and Bengal’s glorious history are all wonders for the prospective tourists.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

Waste Management: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

RESOURCES:

There are 609 hazardous waste generating units in West Bengal. Amongst the nineteen districts of the state, two districts (Darjeeling and South Dinajpur) do not generate hazardous waste. The total quantum of hazardous waste generation from West Bengal is 2,59,776.24 metric tonnes per annum. (MTPA), out of which 46 per cent (1,20,596.41 MTPA) is landfillable, 49 per cent (1,26,596.38 MTPA) is recyclable and the remaining 5 per cent (12,583.45 MTPA) is incinerable by nature. Interestingly, it was observed that the majority of hazardous waste generating units in the state is small and is generating meagre quantity of waste, whereas the units generating substantial amount of hazardous wastes are limited in number.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Chocolate Confectionery Plant (Milk Chocolate, Dark Chocolate, White Chocolate, Orange & Tangy Flavour Toffee, Citric Flavoured Candies & Chocolate Wafers)

Chocolate is a product that requires complex procedures to produce. The process involves harvesting coca, refining coca to cocoa beans, and shipping the cocoa beans to the manufacturing factory for cleaning, coaching and grinding. These cocoa beans will then be imported or exported to other countries and be transformed into different type of chocolate products. The chocolate and confectionery products industry has traditionally been subject to significant fluctuations in demand. Chocolate products tend to be seasonal in nature, with demand increasing sharply during the holidays. Consumers of all age groups prefer chocolate and confectionery products because of their attractive appearance and colour. In addition, several consumer trends have had an impact on demand. Now-a-days varieties of products have gained importance due to their delicious taste and better keeping quality. Chocolate, candy and gum are some of people’s best-loved treats. These sweets have been enjoyed around the world for thousands of years. Early man developed a taste for sweets by digging honey from beehives. Recorded history traces several types of actual candy to the Egyptians 3,500 years ago. Boiled candies were popularized in 17th century Europe. By the mid-1800s, more than 380 American factories were producing candy. Confectionery, gummies/jellies, hard candy, toffee and fudge. The main reasons for purchasing are convenience, passive health, age, choice and pleasure. The most popular flavour groups are brown flavours, fruit, nuts, mints & menthols and dairy flavours. The top 5 companies supplying confectionary are Cadbury, Nestle, Kraft, Lindt and Mars. Flavanols are the main flavonoids found in cocoa and chocolate. Research over the past decade has identified flavonoids as showing diverse beneficial physiological and antioxidant effects. Flavonoids are compounds also found in fruits, vegetables, and certain beverages such as tea, red wine, and grape juice. Chocolate is not high in cholesterol. Cocoa and its components (cocoa solids and cocoa butter) are not recognized as a source of Trans fat in the diet. Confectionary products include a wide variety of food items, like – milk chocolate, white chocolate, citric flavor candies, orange flavor candies, tangy flavor candies, hard sweets, fudge, toffee, milk tablet, liquorices, jelly candies, marshmallow peeps, marzipan sweets, divinity, chewing gum, etc. The preparation and manufacture of chocolate and confectionary products require hoards of raw materials. These include - basic food colours, blended food colours, lake colours, natural food colours, food chemicals, spray dried coated powder flavour, soft drink concentrates, baking powder, icing sugar, coco powder and natural gums. Chocolates are the favourite item of children. Its primary feature is that it is solid at room temperature of 20 - 25 deg. C and yet melts rapidly in the mouth at 37 deg. C giving a liquid, which appears smooth to the tongue. The toffee and candy are used after meal, dinners as smooth refresher. It drives away bad smell from mouth and refreshes the breath. Sometimes it causes good sensation while chewing. Chocolate wafer are usually enjoyed as a snack. The chocolate wafers product is more nutrient due to the addition of the flavor layers and the dried fruits, the multi-flavor chocolate wafer biscuit is more beneficial to intake of nutrition and calories for people. The chocolates market in India is estimated at around 45,000 tonnes valued at approximately Rs 15.0 bn. The counter market is estimated at about Rs 5 to 7 bn and the rest is made up of chocolate bars. Chocolates make up less than a fourth of the sweet-tooth products including sugar-boiled confectionery, mints and chewing gums. Sugar confectionery is by far the largest segment. To push sales, chocolate majors have been targeting adult clientele. Chocolates are being presented as snack food for the new target audiences. Another strategy sought was the introduction of smaller editions. Growing at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 25% Indian chocolate industry’s size is presently worth about 50 bn and is likely to cross Rs. 75 bn mark in the next couple of years while globally the chocolate industry is worth over USD 85 bn. Besides, India’s per capita chocolate consumption is having at about 100 gm & urban centres comprise 35% of the chocolate consumption in the country. Cocoa, specifically, the market size (volume) of cocoa was 3,455,622 metric tonnes in 2013 and is estimated to grow at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.1 % from 2014 to 2019. As for the chocolate market, it is projected to grow at a CAGR of 2.3% from 2014 to 2019. By 2019, the world cocoa market is expected be worth about USD 2.1 bn, and the world chocolate market is expected to be worth about USD 131.7 bn. India chocolate market projected to grow at a CAGR of over 16% to reach $ 3.3 billion by 2023 with the country currently representing one of the world’s fastest growing markets for chocolates. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful. Few Indian Major Players • Gandour India Food Processing Pvt. Ltd. • Inbisco India Pvt. Ltd. • Joyco India Pvt. Ltd. • Lotte India Corpn. Ltd • Mondelez India Foods Pvt. Ltd. • Perfetti Van Melle India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Milk Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day Dark Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day White Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day Oragne & Tangy Flavour Toffee:1,200 Kgs Per Day Citric Flavoured Candies:1,200 Kgs Per Day Chocolate Wafers:1,600Kgs Per DayPlant & machinery: 249 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:671 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Solar Panel

Solar panel refers either to a photovoltaic module, a solar thermal energy panel, or to a set of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules electrically connected and mounted on a supporting structure. A PV module is a packaged, connected assembly of solar cells. Solar panels can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions (STC), and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a module determines the area of a module given the same rated output - an 8% efficient 230 watt module will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt module. The technology behind solar is relatively old, despite their futuristic appeal, but while the basics are the same the efficiency of solar panels has improved greatly in recent years. It’s worth noting that solar panel suppliers often have two types of solar panels on offer: thermal panels and photovoltaic (PV) panels. The former are used only to heat water. The electricity produced by solar panels will be used to power any appliances currently in use within home. Any electricity which is not used will be sent to the grid. India has abundant solar resources, as it receives about 3000 hours of sunshine every year, equivalent to over 5,000 trillion kWh. India can easily utilize the solar energy. Today the Government is encouraging generation of electricity from various renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, small hydro, biomass by giving various fiscal & financial incentives. This apart, the state governments are procuring electricity from renewable energy projects at preferential tariff. Multiple solar cells in an integrated group, all oriented in one plane, constitute a solar photovoltaic panel or solar photovoltaic module. Photovoltaic modules often have a sheet of glass on the sun-facing side, allowing light to pass while protecting the semiconductor wafers. Solar cells are usually connected in series in modules, creating an additive voltage. Connecting cells in parallel yields a higher current; however, problems such as shadow effects can shut down the weaker (less illuminated) parallel string (a number of series connected cells) causing substantial power loss and possible damage because of the reverse bias applied to the shadowed cells by their illuminated partners. Solar panels can be used to generate a portion of home’s power in order to reduce dependency on traditional power sources. For instance, install panels to provide electricity just for appliances or lighting, to reduce dependency on the utility company, as well as lower bill. Solar modules use light energy (photons) from the sun to generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect. The majority of modules use wafer-based crystalline silicon cells or thin-film cells based on cadmium telluride or silicon. The structural (load carrying) member of a module can either be the top layer or the back layer. Cells must also be protected from mechanical damage and moisture. The solar contribution stood at 5.44% as of 2018. Major factors driving the market studied are the declining cost of the solar module and the government policies like allowing 100% FDI under automatic route for renewable power generation and distribution projects which is expected to increase the participation from global players into the Indian market. With government promoting the solar installation in rural area by providing subsidized solar panels and other incentive, the solar PV installation is ought to increase during the forecast period and is expected to drive the market. So far, only five CSP projects, namely, ACME solar tower (2.5 MW), Dhursar (125 MW), Godawari solar project (50 MW), Megha solar plant (50 MW), and national solar thermal power facility (1 MW) have started operations in India. Owing to factors, such as, huge capital expenditure, difficulty in securing land and water, and insufficient DNI data, other projects have been delayed. India solar power products market is projected to grow at a CAGR of more than 11% to surpass $ 7.6 billion by 2024 on the back of increasingly stringent policy and regulatory framework and rising environmental concerns. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has set a target of 100 GW of solar power generation capacity by 2022. To achieve the target, government has taken several initiatives in the form of offering subsidies, financial assistance, and incentives to manufacturers, power producers and even customers. The global solar panel market volume reached 155.5 GW in 2019. A solar panel, also known as a PV panel, is a collection of solar (or photovoltaic) cells that employ natural sunlight to generate electricity. It is made of several solar cells, manufactured using silicon, boron, and phosphorus, which are arranged in a grid-like pattern on the surface. The utilization of solar panels has increased across the globe as they do not lead to any form of pollution and their installation helps in combating the harmful emissions of greenhouse gases. Also, innovations in quantum physics and nanotechnology are projected to increase their effectiveness potentially. They are superior to conventional solar panels in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness. They can also be integrated into almost any surface, which will further boost their applicability across various sectors. On account of these factors, the market to sustain positive growth over the forecast period (2020-2025). As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian Major Players • Dhursar Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. • Divine Solren Pvt. Ltd. • Ind Renewable Energy Ltd. • Indira Power Pvt. Ltd. • Janardan Wind Energy Pvt. Ltd. • Kiran Solar One Pvt. Ltd. • Laxmi Agroenergy Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 33 KW per dayPlant & machinery: 181 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:668 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Dextrose Saline

Normal saline (NS or N/S) is the commonly used phrase for a solution of 0.90% w/v of NaCl, about 300 mOsm/L or 9.0 g per liter. Aless commonly, this solution is referred to as physiological saline or isotonic saline, neither of which is technically accurate. NS is used frequently in intravenous drips (IVs) for patients who cannot take fluids orally and have developed or are in danger of developing dehydration or hypovolemia. For medical purposes, saline is often used to flush wounds and skin abrasions. Normal saline will not burn or sting when applied. Saline is also used in I.V. therapy, intraveno supplying extra water to rehydrate patients or supplying the daily water and salt needs ("maintenance" needs) of a patient who is unable to take them by mouth. Dextrose (D-glucose, corn sugar, starch sugar, blood sugar and grape sugar) is by far the most abundant sugar in nature and occurs either in the Free State (monosaccharide form) or chemically linked with other sugar varieties. In the Free State, it occurs in substantial quantities in honey, fruits, and berries. As a polymer of anhydrodextrose units, it occurs in starch, cellulose, and glycogen. Sucrose is a disaccharide of dextrose and fructose. Commercial production of dextrose by hydrolysis of starch yields white crystalline sugars that are either anhydrous (C6H12O6) or hydrated (C6H12O6H2O). Dextrose hydrate with its one molecule of water of crystallization per molecule of sugar, separates from concentrated solutions at <50°C. Anhydrous D-glucose does not contain water of crystallization and separates at 50-115°C. Another anhydrous form, B-D-glucose separates, if crystallization is carried out at temperatures >110-115°C. • Dextrose solution is used during post-operative period when sodium extraction is reduced. • Dextrose solution with concentration of 10-15% is used as di-urietic for increase in urine flow. • Dextrose solution of 5% normal salmicis used for restarting fluid volume in circulation of an emergency as in accidents with raemdrrhage. • Saline solution is used when large amount of sodium has been lost by vomiting or by gastric or intestinal duodenal aspiration or through analimucationfistuala. • Dextrose monohydrate is used as supplement to cow's milk in part of feeding. The increasing prevalence of chronic diseases is expected to drive the growth of the market. It has been forecasted that cancer will rapidly increase by approximately 70% in the next few decades. As per the World Cancer Research Fund International, stomach cancer is one of the top 5 cancers with 952,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012. These patients are ‘nil by mouth’ and have to rely on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for survival. Intravenous (IV) solutions are fluids which are intended to be administered to a patient directly into the venous circulation. These fluids are sterile fluids which protects patients at the time of serious dehydration. There are various type of IV solutions available for use in the market. Many companies manufactures packaged intravenous fluids or products or compounds which can be mixed with sterile water to prepare a solution for intravenous administration. The market for Intravenous (IV) Solution is expected to reach USD 11,511.2 million by 2022 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.69% during the forecast period 2016-2022. The factors which drive the growth of the market are the rising prevalence of chronic diseases, rising acceptance of vitamin C intravenous treatment therapy to treat colorectal cancer. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players • Pfizer Healthcare India Pvt. Ltd. • Pfizer Ltd. • Pharmacia Healthcare Ltd. • Shree Krishna Keshav Laboratories Ltd. • Vikrant Pharmaceuticals Ltd. • Wockhardt Health Care Ltd.
Plant capacity: Dextrose Saline 500 ml Size:15,000 Bottles Per Day Dextrose Saline 1000 ml Size:15,000 Bottles Per DayPlant & machinery: 1148 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1542 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Carbon Black

Carbon black is virtually pure elemental carbon in the form of colloidal particles that are produced by incomplete combustion or thermal decomposition of gaseous or liquid hydrocarbons under controlled conditions. Its physical appearance is that of a black, finely divided pellet or powder. Its use in tyres, rubber and plastic products, printing inks and coatings is related to properties of specific surface area, particle size and structure, conductivity and color. Carbon black is also in the top 50 industrial chemicals manufactured worldwide, based on annual tonnage. Current worldwide production is about 8.1 million metric tons. Approximately 90% of carbon black is used in rubber applications, 9% as a pigment, and the remaining 1% as an essential ingredient in hundreds of diverse applications. Carbon black is added to polypropylene because it absorbs ultraviolet radiation, which otherwise causes the material to degrade. Carbon black particles are also employed in some radar absorbent materials, in photocopier and laser printer toner, and in other inks and paints. The high tinting strength and stability of carbon black has also provided use in coloring of resins and films. Carbon black has been used in various applications for electronics. A good conductor of electricity, carbon black is used as a filler mixed in plastics, elastomer, films, adhesives, and paints. It is used as an antistatic additive agent in automobile fuel caps and pipes. The highest volume use of carbon black is as a reinforcing filler in rubber products, especially tyres. While a pure gum vulcanization of styrene-butadiene has a tensile strength of no more than 2 MPa and negligible abrasion resistance, compounding it with 50% carbon black by weight improves its tensile strength and wear resistance as shown in the table below. It is used often in the aerospace industry in elastomers for aircraft vibration control components such as engine mounts. Practically all rubber products where tensile and abrasion wear properties are important use carbon black, so they are black in color. Where physical properties are important but colors other than black are desired, such as white tennis shoes, precipitated or fumed silica has been substituted for carbon black. Silica-based fillers are also gaining market share in automotive tyres because they provide better trade-off for fuel efficiency and wet handling due to a lower rolling loss. Types of Carbon Black • Hard Blacks (synonyms: tread grades, reinforcing Carbon Black): a type of furnace Carbon Black having an average nitrogen surface area of 70 m²/g or greater. • Soft Blacks (synonyms: carcass grades, semi-reinforcing Carbon Black): a type of furnace Carbon Black having a nitrogen surface area in the range of 21 to 69 m²/g. Total production was around 8,100,000 metric tons (8,900,000 short tons) in 2006. Global consumption of carbon black, estimated at 13.2 million metric tons, valued at US$13.7 billion, in 2015, is expected to reach 13.9 million metric tons, valued at US$14.4 billion in 2016. Global consumption is forecast to maintain a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 5.6% between 2016 and 2022, reaching 19.2 million metric tons, valued at US$20.4 billion, by 2022. The most common use (70%) of carbon black is as a pigment and reinforcing phase in automobile tyres. Carbon black also helps conduct heat away from the tread and belt area of the tyre, reducing thermal damage and increasing tyre life. About 20% of world production goes into belts, hoses, and other non-tyre rubber goods. The balance is mainly used as a pigment in inks, coatings and plastics. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful.
Plant capacity: 167 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 2563 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:8249 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 25.00%
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Aluminium Easy Open End (EOE)

The term “easy open end” is used generally for that class of ends for containers that are provided with a built-in mechanism for permitting the consumer to open the container at the end for access to the ingredients within the container, without requiring the use of a can opener or other external tool. One conventional easy open end employs a pull tab having a pointed nose, the pull tab being riveted to the panel of the end so that the nose rests adjacent a weakened area along the periphery of the end panel. To open, the pull tab is rotated about the rivet, causing the nose to fracture the weakened area. Further pulling of the tab away from the end panel then causes the remainder of the weakened peripheral to rupture, thereby permitting the entire end to be opened. One type of easy-open end that is in wide use is the so called “full-open” end, in which a peripheral score, generally circular in configuration, is formed in the end panel at or adjacent to the periphery thereof to permit its complete removal. Full-open type cans are to be distinguished from those self-opening cans which have a comparatively small removable section which, when opened, provide a comparatively small hole for dispensing the product. Sealing with PET Can, Aluminium can, Tinplate can, Metal can, Paper can, Composite can, Food can, Plastic can, etc. • Non-processed foods such as snacks, nuts, powdered beverage, coffee and tea, infant formula, soup and sauce mixes, noodle/rice mixes, spices, pet food and treats; non-food products. • Applications also include processed foods such as: pet food, fish and seafood, spreads and other food products. Aluminium is used as a substrate, generally with an organic coating on both sides. This is necessary to facilitate the forming of the metal and/or to protect the metal against corrosion during the shelf life of the can or can end. It is often externally printed. Aluminium substrates are alloys. There are two major families of alloys depending on the main alloying element: magnesium or manganese. The rolling process is driven to obtain the required mechanical properties. It is for instance possible to obtain harder metal and thereby allowing reduced thickness. There has been a dynamic shift in the consumer consumption pattern in the food & beverage sector. Consumer inclination towards ready to eat food is increasing owing to changing lifestyles and growing disposable incomes, especially in the emerging economies across the globe has witnessed an increase in the sales of the global aluminium containers market. Foodservice operators & online food service outlets offers various services such as ‘takeaway’ and ‘drive through’ to cater the growing number of on the go consumers has resulted in the increase in the sales of the aluminium containers. Increase in usage of aluminium containers for packaging in food service industry, in turn, is expected to drive the demand for aluminium containers market during the forecast period. One of the key factors that increase the preference towards the aluminium containers for packaging is extended shelf life of products. Aluminium containers score very high in barrier properties. This factor is expected to fuel the growth of the global aluminium containers market. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business.
Plant capacity: Aluminium Easy Open End, 63 mm Size:2,016,000 Units Per Day Aluminium Scrap:200Kg Per Day Plant & machinery: 5338 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:8483 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 35.00%
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5 Star Hotel

A hospitality unit such as a restaurant, hotel, or an amusement park consists of multiple groups such as facility maintenance and direct operations (servers, housekeepers, porters, kitchen workers, bartenders, management, marketing, and human resources etc.). The common law says that hotel is a place where all who conduct, themselves properly and who being able and ready to pay for their entertainment, accommodation and other services including the boarding like a temporary home. It is home away from home where all the modern amenities and facilities are available on a payment basis. A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a fridge and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre (with computers, printers and other office equipment), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa and social function services. Hotel rooms are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B & Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Most hotel establishments are run by a General Manager who serves as the head executive (often referred to as the "Hotel Manager"), department heads who oversee various departments within a hotel (e.g., food service), middle managers, administrative staff, and line-level supervisors. The organizational chart and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size, function and class, and is often determined by hotel ownership and managing companies. Hotels are found in almost all the cities. Hotels operate twenty four hours a day, seven days a week. The principal factor that determines the guest attitude towards a hotel is service although other amenities such as room, food and beverages are of equal importance tangible determinants. Motel – The Concept Initially the term motel was meant for local motorists and foreign tourists travelling by road. They serve the needs and requirements of these travellers and meeting their demand for transit and accommodation. Some of the important services offered by the motels are parking, garage facilities, accommodation, and restaurant facilities. Over the last decade business opportunities in India has intensified and elevated room rates occupancy levels in India. ‘Hotel Industry in INDIA’ success story is only second to china in Asia pacific. The world travel and tourism council, says that India ranks 18th in business travel and will be among the top 5 very soon. India’s big success stores includes the new model for development and growth; a model that is uniquely made. Indian hotel industry’s room rates are mostly likely to rise 25% annually and occupancy to rise by 80%, over the next two years. ‘Hotel industry in India is gaining its competitiveness as a cost effective destination. In many areas hotels are important attractions for visitors who bring with them spending power that the locals and who tend to spend at a higher rate than they do when they are at home. Through spending by visitors hotels thus often contribute significantly to local economies both directly and indirectly through the subsequent diffusion of the visitor expenditure to the Govt. offers and to other recipients in the community. In areas receiving foreign visitors, hotels are often important foreign currency earners and in this way may contribute significantly to their countries’ balance of payments. In countries with limited export possibilities, hotels may be one of the few prime sources of foreign currency earnings. Hotels are an important source of amenities for local residents. Their restaurants, bars and other facilities often attract many local customers and many hotels have become social centres of their communities. Hotels are also important outlets for the products of other industries. In the building and modernization of hotels, business is provided for the construction industry and related trades. Equipment, furniture and furnishings are supplied to hotels by a wide range of manufacturers. INR ($1.7 Billion) in 2019 and average annual revenue/room was ~$12,400 per annum. • Post COVID, revenues will decline by ~48% in 2020 YOY but the market will also see a sharp recovery in 2021 and 2022 led by domestic leisure tourism. • The share of organized sector is expected to increase from ~5% in 2019 to ~8% in 2025 on account of growing pipeline from bigger brands and inventory reduction in unbranded hotels due to COVID. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players • D L F Aspinwal Hotels Pvt. Ltd. • Elixir Hospitality Mgmt. Ltd. • Emerald Leisures Ltd. • Hayre Regency Hotels Pvt. Ltd. • Highbar Technocrat Ltd. • I T C Hotels Ltd.
Plant capacity: Deluxe Rooms (Rent):38 Nos. per day Executive Rooms (Rent):28 Nos. per day Business Clientele Rooms (Rent):17 Nos. per day Suits Rooms (Rent):17 Nos. per day Coffee Shop (Visitors):25 Nos. per day Restaurant (Visitors):75 Nos.Plant & machinery: 1172 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:4032 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Washing Powder

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties in dilute solutions. These substances are usually alkyl benzene sulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water. Synthetic detergents have expanded rapidly all over the world. Their rapid development has been stimulated by the enormous and fast growth of the international petro-chemical industry. The transition from conventional hard soaps to synthetic detergent has been rapid and irreversible response by consumers. So that to-day, synthetic detergent accounts in most developed and developing countries in the world. To improve detergency of the detergent powders, certain other components were added to it known as builders, synergies, fillers and brighteners etc.? Detergent powder are largely used in the domestic houses, commercial sectors, hotel industries, garment industries and in many other sections of the society. There is high price, medium price and low priced detergent available. There are different kinds of raw material used in the industries for detergent manufacturing. There is large demand of this consumer item. There are renowned organized as well as unorganized private sectors, engaged in this production. The technology, involved in the high priced detergent powder is changed nowadays. But enzymatic process of detergent manufacturing is not economically viable to produce low priced detergent. There is well proved technology available in India. The product is environmentally polluted item. It is necessary to install proper pollution control equipments. Anionic detergents - Typical anionic detergents are alkyl benzene sulfonates. The alkyl benzene portion of these anions is lipophilic and the sulfonate is hydrophilic. Two different varieties have been popularized, those with branched alkyl groups and those with linear alkyl groups. Cationic detergents - Cationic detergents are similar to the anionic ones, with a hydrophilic component, but, instead of the anionic sulfonate group, the cationic surfactants have quaternary ammonium as the polar end. The ammonium sulfate center is positively charged. These are used in the domestic houses and in the industrial for cleaning of garments, utensils etc. It is largely used in the laundries and garment industries. Detergent constitutes about 95 percent of total surfactants some of the important uses of washing powder are in:- • Hand Soaps and Shampoo. • Cleaning and degreasing of metals. • Cleaning of glass and containers. • Washing and treatment of food. • Cleaning of painted surfaces. • Cleaning of painted walls, roofs etc. Detergents, as a constituent of the overall FMCG industry, accounts for a near 12% of the total demand for all FMCG products estimated at over Rs. 530 bn. Detergents, chemically known as alfa olefin sulphonates (AOS) are used as fabric brightening agent, anti-deposition agent, stain remover and as a bleacher. A major input for the production of detergents is a petrochemical, Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB), while soaps rely more on an inorganic chemical, caustic soda, as a major input. Detergents are available as powder, bars and liquids. Bars make up for less than half of the market, while powders have more than a third of the market. Liquids have 12% presence in the market. The bar market is dominated by Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever - HUL) with a share of over 40% held by its brands - Rin, Wheel, 555, Shakti, OK. The super-premium market, making up for around 10% of the overall detergents market, is dominated by Surf Excel from HUL and Ariel from Proctor & Gamble (P&G). The two together have a near 75% market with the rest coming in from players like Henkel SPIC. In the sub premium segment, Nirma from Nirma Soaps and Wheel from HUL are the major brands with small presence from an array of brands like Trilo, Hipolin, Tide, Key, Chek and others. The detergent market in India is dominated by HUL Nirma is the second largest player with an overall market share of 19%. Nirma is more dominant in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana, that is Northwest India. Nirma has the highest market share of around 40% in Gujarat. It has the highest market share in the mass segment, like toilet soaps. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian Major Players • Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. • Henkel Spic India Ltd. • Hindustan Unilever Ltd. • Hipolin Ltd. • Jyothy Consumer Products Ltd. • Kanpur Detergents & Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1000 Kgs. per dayPlant & machinery: 24 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:55 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 69.00%
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Profitable Business of Jute Garments (An Ecofriendly Fabric). Rising Market Demand of Jute Garments.

Introduction: Jute is a bast fibre that can be spun into coarse, solid threads and is long, smooth, and shiny. It's made from flowering plants of the genus Corchorus, which belongs to the Malvaceae family of mallows. Corchorus olitorius is the main source of fibre, although it is inferior to Corchorus capsularis. The plant or fibre used to make burlap, hessian, or gunny cloth is known as "jute." Related Projects: - Jute Garments For centuries, India has manufactured various types of jute cloth. Since the plants that are used to make it grow naturally in the fertile areas along the Ganges, this is where most of the jute fabric is made. In the Ganges Delta, 85 percent of the world's jute output is still concentrated. As a result, this fabric is an essential part of Indian culture. Previously, jute fabric was only valued for its affordability by the lower classes, but high-end fashion designers are now paying close attention to it. Benefits of Jute Garments: Jute fabric is used in a variety of ways in the fashion industry. Jute fabric is incredibly popular right now for a variety of reasons. It's not only eco-friendly, but it's also an indigenous Indian cloth with numerous cultural associations. For many young people, wearing jute sarees, tunics, kurtas, and shirts is a source of pride, as it is considered a quintessential Indian cloth. Jute has excellent insulating and antistatic properties, as well as low thermal conductivity and mild moisture re-absorption. Jute also has acoustic insulating properties and can be manufactured without causing skin irritations. Related Books: - Jute & Based Products Due to its wonderful properties, pollution-free climate, and particularly contribution to a sustainable development, jute fabric offers a plethora of advantages. This biodegradable material is also fire resistant and has a high moisture retention capability. It's most commonly used as a geotextile. Jute clothing should not irritate the skin. Moisture Regain properties are appropriate (about 13.75 percent). Jute clothing is extremely breathable and easy to wear. Natural and synthetic fibres can be mixed with jute fibre. Jute Fiber is readily available on the market, and its overall productivity is satisfactory. Jute is an insulating fabric, which is why it can be used to make cloth for electrical applications. It is 100 percent biodegradable, making it an environmentally friendly fibre that is also inexpensive. Production process: Jute is a unique and environmentally friendly fibre. This natural fibre has made numerous appearances on fashion runways, in both every day and high-end clothing and accessory designs. It is mostly made from the Corcharas genus. Jute is an insulating fabric, which is why it can be used to make cloth for electrical applications. It's 100 percent biodegradable. As a result, it is a low-cost, environmentally friendly fibre similar to cotton. Related Videos: - Jute and Jute Based Project Market Outlook: The global jute garment industry is in its infancy, with promising growth prospects. Jute garment demand has risen dramatically in recent years, especially in the European Union. This can be due to the region's rising environmental consciousness. Jute is a natural fibre made from the white or tossa jute plant's bark. It's also known as the golden fibre because of its golden and silky sheen, and it's widely used in the packaging and textile industries. Jute has many advantages as a packaging material, including good insulation, low thermal conductivity, and moderate moisture retention. Market Research: - Market Research Report The textile market is expected to rise at a CAGR of 4.8 percent over the next five years. The textile industry is a fast-growing industry with impressive growth prospects almost everywhere. Global demand for textile will be driven by favourable demographics, the per capita income, and a change in preference toward branded goods. Superior quality and favourable trade policies are also expected to play a significant role in increasing textile exports. The abundance of raw materials such as cotton, wool, silk, and jute has given the industry a major boost. The robust manufacturing base of a wide variety of fibre, yarns from natural fibres like silk, jute, cotton, and wool to synthetic, man-made fibres like acrylic, nylon, polyester, and viscose is the Indian textile industry's main strength. For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=17&SubCatId=17&CatName=Jute%20&%20Jute%20Based%20Projects,%20Oil,%20Coir,%20Shopping%20Bags
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Maize Processing (Starch, Glucose, Germs, Fibres, Gluten & Steep Water) Manufacturing Business. Best Opportunities for startups.

Introduction Maize (Zea mays L.l, or corn as it is known in the United States) is a versatile crop that ranks second only to wheat in terms of total production among the world's cereal crops. Maize also has a broader range of uses than any other cereal due to its global availability and lower costs compared to other cereals. There are a number of countries in the developing world where maize is a main staple food and per capita human consumption is high. On a conventional and industrial scale, maize can be processed into a variety of items for various end uses. Related projects:- Maize, Corn and its By Products , Derivatives, Maize Processing Industry Although conventional manufacturing provides a significant portion of the goods used in developing countries, industrial processing meets the majority of demand in developed countries. However, substantial improvements are taking place in the production of maize for major uses throughout developing countries. Easy processing machines are increasingly being used for dehulling, dry and wet milling operations. Furthermore, a few commercial maize processing mills are in service in some developing countries, such as Nigeria, supplying brewers grits, maize flour, and maize meal. Nonetheless, the developing world accounts for just over 40% of global maize intake, as well as the majority of direct human consumption. Commercial and subsistence farmers grow a wide variety of maize varieties, including local and improved varieties. Consumers in a given region use specific maize varieties to manufacture the main food items. Related Books:- Maize (Corn) Products in India (Starch, Glucose, Dextrose, Sorbitol) Trends, Opportunities, Market Analysis and Forecasts (Upto 2017) Maize Processing Cleaning and conditioning Cleaning and conditioning maize refers to the elimination of foreign material and anything that is not maize kernels from the to-be milled grain that lowers the quality of the crop, such as husk, straw, dust, sand, and anything too large or too small and lighter than a maize kernel from the to-be milled grain that lowers the quality of the product. It also includes the elimination of toxic seeds as well as materials that are hazardous to milling machinery, such as metal and stones. Conditioning is the process of adding moisture to maize so that the bran can be peeled off in flakes during milling with plate or roller mills, allowing for quick separation in a sifter and, most importantly, adding mass to the meal. Milling and sifting Following this process, milling can commence and may take several forms: To grind the grain, use a roller mill. There are three types of roller mills: single roller mill, double roller mill, and pneumatic roller mill. The mill uses grinding rollers. In a full maize milling facility, multiple roller mills work together to perform various functions: the first mill peels the maize skin, the second and third mills grind the maize into granular size while simultaneously producing super fine flour, and the granular sized product is sent to the next mill to continue grinding. Grinding During the grinding process, sift the meal from the miller with a double bin sifter or a square plan sifter, classifying and sifting more super flour. Sifting is commonly used to separate flour and bran, but it often separates large and small sizes to ensure flour consistency. Final product packing Maize will be refined into a variety of final items, including flour and grits. They vary in terms of granular scale. A Full-auto Flour Packing Machine is used to prepare the flour, which is then divided into 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg, or 50 kg sacks. Related Videos:- How to Manufacture Maize, Corn and its By Products Uses Maize is used primarily as: • A staple food for human consumption • Animal feed • Raw material for industrial use It can also be used as a source of seed. In the developed world. Maize is used primarily for livestock feed and as an industrial raw material for food and non-food applications. To the contrary. The majority of maize produced in developing countries is used for human consumption, though animal feed is becoming more common. The grain varieties used are flint and sorghum. There's a dent. Floury or with a texture similar to that of intermediate endosperm. Varieties in white and yellow are used. Global Corn Market Outlook In 2020, the global corn market will hit 1118 million metric tonnes. Between 2021 and 2026, the corn market is projected to expand at a CAGR of 5.3 percent, reaching a volume of nearly 1524 million metric tonnes. Crop is becoming more widely used in end-use sectors, which is driving the global corn market. Corn is used to make corn starch, which has a wide range of uses. The corn starch industry, in particular, is rapidly expanding. Corn starch is used in a variety of products, including food ingredients, papers, ethanol, and sweeteners. It's also used in animal feed manufacturing. The overall corn market is being boosted by rising market demand for all of these goods. Increased production of the crop has resulted from increased demand for animal feed and ethanol. Corn is used to make biofuel because of its high starch content, which allows it to be quickly converted into ethanol. Related Projects:- Maize, Corn and its By Products , Derivatives, Maize Processing Industry, Corn Starch, Dextrose, Liquid Glucose, Sorbitol, Oil, Gluten, Germ Oil, Wet Milling, Maize Starch Plant & related Products, High-Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS)Projects The growing use of the crop in end-use industries is driving the increasingly rising demand for the commodity in the United States and China. Since corn starch is used in the production of sorbitol and sweeteners, the United States is a major confectionery market that is propelling the corn market forward. The corn market is also fueled by the product's easy availability and low production costs. The growth of the corn market has been aided by the government's favourable policies, as well as increased FDI flows for both pharmaceuticals and personal care products, especially in the Asia Pacific region. In Asia Pacific, India and China are the two most important emerging markets for the product. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles The Indian Corn Starch Market In 2018, the Indian corn starch market was estimated to be worth $1.37 billion, and it is expected to expand at a CAGR of 3.9 percent from 2019 to 2024. The easy availability of corn and its wide range of applications in various industries such as food and beverage, pharmaceutical, animal feed, textile industry, paper industry, and others are driving the growth of the India Corn Starch market. The application segment of the India Corn Starch Market was dominated by the food and beverage industry. The rapid growth of India's population, as well as its rapid industrialization, has fueled the demand for corn starch. Market Research: - Market Research Report The Global Corn Glucose Market In 2020, the global corn glucose market will be worth US$ 2.1 billion. Corn glucose, also known as glucose syrup, is a food syrup made from corn starch hydrolysis. It's primarily a concentrated calorie source with no nutritional benefit. Corn glucose has become a common sugar substitute over the last few years. Corn glucose demand in the food processing industry has also increased significantly in recent years. It is primarily used as a main ingredient in commercially prepared foods to enhance flavour, improve colour, add volume, and give the food a smooth texture. Corn glucose is widely used in confectionery, preserves, tinned fruits, ice cream, sorbets, juices, dairy cakes, cookies, pastry, cereals, ketchup, sauces, vitamin tonics, and cough medicine since it prevents sugar crystallization. Few Major Players: • Aksharchem (India) Ltd. • Amaravati Agro Ltd. • Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. • Devi Corn Products Ltd. • Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. • Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd. • Gulshan Polyols Ltd. For More Details, Click Here: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/MAIZE%20PROCESSING%20UNIT
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Business of Glass Vials. Investment Opportunities & Market Demand. Rising Demand of Glass Vials in Pharmaceutical Sector.

Introduction: A vial is a small glass jar that is cylindrical in shape that is used to store liquid medicines. It is common knowledge that vials are widely used in the medical field. This is gradually changing these days. Vials are in high demand in a variety of industries, including hunting, criminal justice, and department stores. Vials come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including glass, plastic tubes, jars, aluminum tubes, and dispenser tubes. Vials are often used in forensic laboratories in the criminal justice system. Related Projects: - Glass, Flat Glass, Art Glass, Hollow Glass, Automotive Glass, Optical Glass, glass processing line, Glassware Industry, Ceramic, Industrial Ceramics production, Ceramic Powder, Refractory, Pottery, Mining Industry, Metals and Natural Resources Industry The forensics division's entomology division, which studies insects and violent crimes. Killing jars are small jars that are used to capture and destroy insects with little impact. Glass or plastic are the most common materials for vials, and the material you choose must be consistent with your samples and storage methods. Plastic vials are widely used in centrifuges, auto samplers, and cryogenic processes in laboratories. Some chemicals, such as hydrofluoric acid, must be held in plastic rather than glass. Rising Demand of Glass Vials in Pharmaceutical Sector Due to Covid-19: The world is reacting quickly and decisively to the unprecedented Covid-19 pandemic. Pharmaceutical companies all over the world are working nonstop to find a solution to the global health crisis caused by Covid-19. Related Book: - The Complete Book on Glass Technology As a result of this, demand for glass vials is increasing in the pharmaceutical industry around the world, in anticipation of the demand for COVID-19 vaccine supply. Various safety steps, such as meticulous implementation of safety protocols and increased vigilance in global manufacturing plants. Uses of Glass Vials: Medicines and laboratory samples are normally stored in vials. While vials are most commonly associated with the medical sector, they are often used in a variety of environments, ranging from law enforcement agencies to department stores. Vials come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and they're all used to keep a product safe from adsorption or leaching. To secure your samples and goods, it's worth investing in high-quality vials. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Any sample preservation vial should have an airtight seal while also allowing easy access to the sample. Glass vials have been used since ancient civilizations. A smooth, transparent surface on a glass vial helps you to visually check the contents for contamination or deterioration. Glass Vial is made of ample raw materials and is recyclable and reusable. Production process: Glass vial production necessitates the ability to strike a balance between quality control and efficiency. Heroism Since the coating on glass vials is only applied to the exterior of the vial, there is no increased danger of extractable and leachable substances. The vials' coefficient of friction is reduced by the external coating, allowing them to process with less resistance on a filling line than traditional borosilic vials. According to ISO 4802, a glass vial manufactured in this manner releases less alkali and has a lower delamination tendency. Furthermore, as compared to the alkali content in the glass interior, the alkali content in the hot-formed peripheral area is only marginally lower. Market Outlook: The Global Vials Market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 7%. Increasing government investment in the biochemical industry, as well as an increase in the number of chemical laboratories, would help to propel this market forward. High investment costs, on the other hand, would limit the market's growth and are likely to limit profit margins. In the years 2019-2026, the global vials market is expected to grow at a significant rate. Market Research: - Market Research Report Unlike plastic or aluminum, glass does not add flavors to the drugs it stores, preserving their integrity and driving demand for glass vials in pharmaceutical and personal care packaging. Glass vials have been favored by manufacturers, distributors, and retailers over alternative containers on the market because they offer a longer shelf life, ease of use, and contamination-free storage, among other benefits. Glass vials are easily recyclable, making them a popular option among environmentally conscious consumers. Glass vial packaging, on the other hand, is a capital-intensive business that requires the use of large furnaces and machines. The continuous advances in drug delivery formats used in the healthcare industry have a direct impact on the glass vials market. Key Players: • Adelphi Healthcare Packaging • Comar LLC. • Schott AG • Gerresheimer AG • PerkinElmer Inc. • Phoenix Glass • LLC • Pacific Vial • Qosmedix • Hanna Instruments • Inc. • Fusion Packaging For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=11&SubCatId=11&CatName=Glass,%20%20Flat%20Glass
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