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Best Business Opportunities in Manipur - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Manipur is a state in north Eastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2500 years. It has long connected Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia, enabling migration of people, cultures and religions. Manipur is primarily an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential.

The natural vegetation occupies an area of about 14,365 km² which is nearly 64% of the total geographical area of the state. The vegetation consists of a large variety of plants ranging from short and tall grasses, reeds and bamboos to trees of various species. Broadly, there are four types of forests - Tropical Semi-evergreen, Dry Temperate Forest, Sub-Tropical Pine and Tropical Moist Deciduous.


DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

Manipur has population of 25.7 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 22.94 Lakh. Total population of Manipur as per 2011 census is 2,570,390 of which male and female are 1,290,171 and 1,280,219 respectively.

Total area of Manipur is 22,327 sq. km. Density of Manipur is 115 per sq km which is lower than national average 382 per sq km. In 2001, density of Manipur was 103 per sq km.

Of the total population of Manipur state, around 67.55 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 878,469 and 857,767 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Manipur state was 1,736,236. In rural areas of Manipur, literacy rate for males and female stood at 83.39 % and 67.03 %. Average literacy rate in Manipur for rural areas was 76.20 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 1,142,564.

TOURISM

Least touched and least discovered Manipur promises to be the great tourist discovery of the21st century. An oval shaped valley surrounded by blue green hills, rich in art and tradition has inspired description such as the Switzerland of the East with its cascading rapids, tripling rivers, varieties of flowers, exotic blooms and lakes. The people of Manipur include Meitei, Nagas, Kuki-Chin-Mizo and Gorkhas groups and Muslims and other colorful communities which have lived in complete harmony for centuries.

The Ministry of Tourism has five Regional offices located at Kolkata (East), Mumbai (West), Delhi (North), Chennai (South) and Guwahati (North East), which are headed by an officer of the level of Deputy Director General designated as Regional Director.

Domestic tourists intending to visit Manipur by road via Dimapur/Kohima require Inner Line Permits to pass through Nagaland. These are issued by the Liaison officers of the Government of Nagaland at New Delhi, Calcutta, Guwahati, Shillong and the Sub-divisional officer (Civil), Dimapur, deputy Commissioner, Imphal can also issue permits to tourists traveling by road from imphal to Kohima and Dimapur in Nagaland.

INDUSTRY SECTOR

The Information Technology and IT Enabled Services sector in India is looking towards Tier-II and Tier-III cities to meet the growing demands of the industry for sourcing its required skilled manpower. The youth of Manipur have not only excelled in the field of Sports, but have already established a noticeable presence in the ITES industry in India.

Manipur State is striving to score higher on being business-friendly in terms of the available IT infrastructure. These include:

•        Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) unit of Imphal with Earth station and OFC connectivity.

•        Up gradation of IT infrastructure at Imphal to provide modern Business-ready built-up office space for IT/ITES firms.

•        Internet on the move – Various Telcos like BSNL, Tata Indicom, Airtel etc. are providing Wireless Internet across the State.

A high rate of unemployment exists in Manipur, particularly among the educated youth. According to the Live Register of Employment Exchange, the total number of educated job-seekers were recorded as 5, 83.65 thousands.

Manipur is rich in natural resources but due to difficult terrain, inadequate infrastructural facilities and varying climatic conditions, the state could not develop much in the industrial sector of its economy. In the initial stage, Govt. policy in the state was one of revival and revitalization of the traditional handlooms and handicrafts of the local habitats. The contribution of the manufacturing sector to the total gross state domestic product at current prices is found to be 6.17 percent. The trend of industrial development and the present local conditions of the state and in consonance with industrial policy of the Government of India, the Govt. of Manipur in its policy announcement of 1990, has decided to focus attention to the small scale and agro-based industries without discouraging the medium and large-scale industries. It is expected to serve the objective of employment generation and dispersal of industries in rural and urban areas. The state has laid emphasis on creating a strong industrial base and employment opportunities in the state through provision of various growth inducing factors based on locally available resources. It is based on locally available raw materials and minerals. In order to promote rapid industrialization, the State Government has over the years been offering attractive package of incentives and concessions to invigorative industries.

The khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) was established by the Govt. of India in the year 1957. The Khadi and Village Industries is not only providing employment to people in rural and semi-urban areas at low investment per job, but also utilizes local skill resources and provides part-time as well as full time work to rural artisans, women and minorities.

The traditional sector of industries falls within the purview of organizations such as Khadi and Village Industries Commission. The KVIC include artisans in tiny industrial units and defines it as any industry located in a village or town inhabited by population not exceeding 10000 which produces goods and renders services with or without the use of power in which the fixed capital per head does not exceed Rs.15000.

Growth Centres are large villages or small towns which have the potential to become the nuclei for the socio-economic development of the surrounding area. The Growth Centres can be identified by the different orders with respect to the quality and quantity of services and facilities, service area and population. A growth centre of lowest order should have services such as agricultural input centre, primary and middle school, maternity and child care centres and daily market.

Small-Scale Industries (SSI) is an important segment of the economy, contributing substantially in the form of production, employment and exports. It has continued to play a vital role in the fulfillment of socio-economic objectives. The principal factor for defining small-scale Industries has always been based on the size of investment. Small-Scale Industries are those industries whose investment in fixed assets such as plants and machineries does not exceed Rs.100.00 lakhs (Rs.1 Crore). Investment in plant and machinery in respect of industry related Small-Scale Service and Business Enterprises (SSSBE) were increased to Rs.10.00 lakhs from Rs.5.00 lakhs. For speedy growth of small-scale industries, the Government has already brought about simplifications in the SSI registration procedures.

The State Government has introduced this Policy with various components being offered such as, incentives, improved infrastructure facilities, supply of quality power, and credit flow from Bank and Financial institutions, better market linkages and to boost investor confidence.

The Government of Manipur desire Manipur to be a preferred destination for industrial and trade activities and achieving to the aspiration of the people of Manipur, thereby affording to –

•        All round economic development and to improve living standards.

•        To create employment opportunities, skill development and self

•        Employment opportunities.

•        Optimal utilization of both natural and physical resources.

OBJECTIVE OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY

•        Develop adequate infrastructures to ensure planned and accelerated industrial development.

•        Promote maximum capital investment in the State for economic activities resulting in employment opportunities, improving standard of living of people at large and all-round development of the State.

•        Promote modernization and technology up-gradation of existing industrial units.

•        Encourage quality control, standardization and competitiveness of local products.

•        Promote eco-friendly industries.


INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES IDENTIFIED AS THRUST AREAS

•             Agro based industry 

•             Bio-Technology industries.

•             Floriculture. 

•             Handloom and Handicraft.

•             Medicinal Plants.

•             Distillation of oils from aromatic plants.

•             Mineral based industries.

•             Information Technology Trade and Commerce under Export Import mechanisms.

We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.

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Rectified Spirit & Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

A rectified spirit or rectified alcohol is highly concentrated ethanol (drinking alcohol) which has been purified by means of rectification (repeated distillation). It is used in mixed drinks, in the production of liqueurs, for medicinal purposes, and as a household solvent. Neutral grain spirits are rectified spirits made from grain. However, rectified spirits are also made from other kinds of plant material, most often from sugar beets or potatoes. Rectified spirits are illegal for non medical purposes in some nations (e.g., India), but they are legal in most industrialized nations. Until recently, they were banned in Canada. In India, Ethanol is produced by fermentation of sugars present in the Molasses using Yeast. 95.5% ethanol with 4.5% water mixture (Azeotropic Composition) called Rectified Spirit is produced from the fermented Molasses containing 7% to 8% Ethanol in simple Distillation Process. The rectified spirit is dehydrated to produce Absolute Ethanol( Fuel Ethanol) suitable for blending with petrol and Diesel. Dehydration of Rectified Spirit to produce Absolute Ethanol is done by one of the two routes either azeotropic distillation or pressure swing adsorption. In azeotropic distillation, held of another substances called entrain like hexane, is taken for removal of water. In pressure swing adsorption, water is removed by adsorbing on surface of molecular sieves and then cyclically removing it under different conditions. Extra Neutral Alcohol is used as volatile carriers in Flavour & Fragrances, potable liquor for human consumption.
Plant capacity: 13000 Kls Rectified Spirit / Annum, 7500 Thousand No. Bottles / Annum (Capacity 375 ml.)Plant & machinery: 1381 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2422 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 56.00%
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COMPUTER STATIONERY - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Computer stationery is normally defined as the papers pre-printed or otherwise used to communicate data to computer or to user; such communication normally is being done continuously by computer and so requires stationery in huge amount. Computer stationery many a times is known as continuous stationery. Computer stationery is normally divided into two group (1) Single ply stationery (2) Multipart stationery. Single ply is used normally for simple tasks like – preparing pay rolls or for training programming, where computer at one time perform one task multi part stationery is used in computers having more than one terminals when various jobs are handled by computer and job is very complex, multi-part stationery is used. It facilitates to get different output at a time on different terminals and even to have more than one copy at a time from the same result. Beyond this some use pre-printed stationery and some plain. It is understood that almost 25 percent of total computer stationery is used are pre-printed. Many new uses of computers are developing and that enforce to introduce new design of stationery too. The demand for computer stationery depends upon the expanding use of computer and its increase in population so there is wide scope for entrepreneurs to venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 30,000 Printed Pkts/Annum, 15,000 Plain Pkts/Annum Plant & machinery: 44 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1 crore
Return: 38.00%Break even: 44.00%
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BAKERS YEAST - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Bakers yeast is the common name for the strains of yeast commonly used as a leavening agent in baking bread and related products, where it converts the fermentable sugars present in the dough into carbon dioxide and ethanol. The use of potatoes, water from potato boiling, eggs, or sugar in a bread dough accelerates the growth of yeasts. Salt and fats such as butter slow down yeast growth. The majority of the yeast used in baking is Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same species commonly used in alcoholic fermentation. Additionally, Saccharomyces exiguus (also known as S. minor) is a wild yeast found on plants, fruits, and grains that is occasionally used for baking; it is not, however, generally used in a pure form, but comes from being propagated in a sourdough starter. Yeasts are single-celled fungi. As fungi, they are related to the other fungi that people are more familiar with. These include edible mushrooms available at the super market, common bakers yeast used to leaves bread, molds that ripen blue cheese and the molds that produce antibiotics for medical and veterinary use. Many consider edible yeast and fungi to be as natural as fruits and vegetables. Bakers yeast, like baking powder and baking soda, is used to leaven baked goods (breads, danish pastries, brioche, croissants). The principle use of Bakers yeast is as an essential bakery ingredient- for causing fermentation in the dough used in making bakery items. This process helps making soft and fluffy bakery items like variety of breads, bread rolls, pizza base, cracker biscuits, sweet breads and burger buns etc. The useful physiological properties of yeast have led to their use in the field of xylitol biotechnology. Fermentation of sugars by yeast is the oldest and largest application of this technology. The demand of bakers yeast is growing day by day. So there is good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 3060 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 116 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 397 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Good Prospects for Grain Based Alcohol (Distillery)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Cost of Project

Ethanol, also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol or drinking alcohol, is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid. It is a psychoactive drug, best known as the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages and in thermometers. In common usage, it is often referred to simply as alcohol. We provide this chemical with a great degree of purity, & available for a wide range of industrial applications in industrial sectors such as pharma, flavour and fragrances, healthcare and food industries etc. Ethanol has widespread use as a solvent of substances intended for human contact or consumption, including scents, flavorings, colorings, and medicines. In chemistry, it is both an essential solvent and a feedstock for the synthesis of other products. It has a long history as a fuel for heat and light and also as a fuel for internal combustion engines. Neutral alcohol is used for the production of white spirit such as gin and vodka but also as a base for a wide range of flavoured alcoholic beverages. The production of neutral alcohol from malt, grape, apple or sugar has considerably increased over the last few years. There may be local alcohol taxation advantages. This is available in a ready-to-pitch, active form, with proven cost effectiveness versus propagation. Now some grain based distilleries are also coming in India. The scope for grain base alcohol is good, because molasses is not available easily through out the year in comparison of grains. Fuel Ethanol could be blended in various proportions in Petrol usually 5 to 10% by volume. In Brazil, ethanol is added 24% by volume in gasoline (petrol). In U.S.A. Ethanol E10 (absolute ethanol 10% by volume) and ethanol E 85 (absolute ethanol 85% by volume) are popular in flexible fuel vehicles, which can run on either gasoline or ethanol. Fuel Ethanol can be used as on Oxygenate in Petrol. It reduces emission of carbon monoxide by taking combustion to completion. It replaces tetraethyl lead or MTBE, from contaminating surface water. Ethanol maintains the carbon cycle of nature, reducing the greenhouse effect. It is made from renewable sources of material like agricultural products., etc., molasses and prevents depletion of limited sources like fossil fuels. It employees renewable source of energy through a natural route and it reduces dependents on imported crude. As concerns about our nation dependence on foreign oil increase, and awareness on environmental impacts of petroleum increases, the interest in alternative fuels like ethanol is emerging. In many ways ethanol is an ideal transportation fuel. It is better for the environment than petroleum, it is domestically produced, and its use supports farmers and rural economies. By switching to ethanol fuels and advanced vehicle technologies, fleet owners are leading the way to both energy security and cleaner air. The oil companies in India have decided to have the blending units located region wise instead of centralizing at the refinery itself for optimizing transportation cost of petrol. Since the project is located at Salempur, which is about 40 kms from Mathura where the nearest refinery is available, irrespective of locating the blending units at region wise or at refinery, the transportation cost will be minimal. The fuel ethanol manufacturing is a sunrise industry with an excellent potential for growth as it is being introduced first time in India. In U.S.A. and Brazil fuel ethanol is in use for over 20 years and proven technology is already available. Being one of the first unit to start the manufacturing of fuel ethanol MML will be have the momentum of early start. Liquor industry has always remained under strict governmental control in terms of capacity creation, distribution, and taxation. While overall public perception spells restraint, it is the symbol of high life even in puritan India. The industry posses a dilemma to the state, borne by the temptation of large revenues, on the one hand, and the embarrassment in giving encouragement to drinking, on the other. The over Rs 250 bn liquor industry sells around 400 mn cases annually. A large peg of this - 65% - is whisky, followed by brandy and gin at 13%, rum at 17% while the white spirits account for 3% of the market share. Of this, the Indian-made foreign liquor (IMFL) accounts for Rs 78 bn (86 mn cases) with whisky alone constituting for 95%. Besides, there is a large 200-mn cases market of low-priced country liquor. Indian spirit market also consumes branded country liquor worth Rs 125 bn and unbranded country liquor worth Rs 50 bn. India has a small market for wines too, about Rs 500 mn a year. Around 70,000 cases of champagne and 4,000 cases of cognac are also sold annually in the Indian market.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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BIOPESTICIDES(Trichoderma Harzianum, Pseudomonas Fluorescens, Beauveria Bassiana) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

Biopesticides or natural pesticides are reduced-risk products derived or developed from biological or naturally derived chemistry. Biopesticides offer value to users by providing a combination of both effective performance and product safety. Most people think biopesticides are only for organic production but they are very good tools for organics, but more than 80 percent of the biopesticides are used in conventional agriculture, rotated and tank-mixed just like any other product. Trichoderma is a fungus which is present in nearly all soils and other diverse habitats. They attack and parasitize other fungi. So far, Trichoderma has been successful in controlling every plant pathogenic fungus against which it has been used. Pseudomonas fluorescence is a Bacteria that is used as a pesticide for controlling many kinds of fungus, virus & bacterial diseases. Residues of the bacteria are not expected to remain on treated food or feed. Available information indicates that use of pseudomonas fluorescence as a pesticides is not expected to adversely affect people or the environment. Beauveria bassiana is a naturally occurring fungus in soils throughout the world. It is most effective against lepidopteron Caterpillar Pest of Vegetables and fruit plants and sucking pests like mites and spiders of vegetables and flowers, Colorado beetle of potato. It is also highly effective against rice hispa. The Indian industry has been focusing sharply on integrated crop management (ICM), increasing exports of genuine pesticides and concentrating on farmer friendly activities. With the global market likely to grow by over 50% to around $27 bn by 2005 from $17.5 bn, there are encouraging prospects for the Indian pesticides industry. The pesticide industry is targeting a 10% share of global pesticides market and has been working on the ICM programme to introduce safer applications, spray devices and crop protection through balanced use of biological and chemical pesticides. The exports cover pesticide intermediates. Pesticides export from India was growing at the rate of 15% and is expected to witness a more accelerated growth. In India Market Prospects for biopesticides are good. Consumption of biopesticides is increasing day by day. Most of the biopesticides find use in public health, except a few that are used in agriculture. 85% of the biopesticides used are neem based products. Improvements in primary production are a first step to achieve higher safety in the long run. So, there is wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project. Few Indian Major Players are as under: E P I C Enzymes, Pharmaceuticals & Indl. Chemicals Ltd. Godrej Agrovet Ltd. Karapur Agro Ltd. Mountain Spices Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100 MT/Annum, 50 MT/Annum (Trichodarma), 30 MT/Annum (Pseudomonas), 20 MT/Annum (Beauveria)Plant & machinery: 78 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 413 Lakhs
Return: 41.00%Break even: 60.00%
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TISSUE CULTURE LABORATORY (for Production of Potato Seeds)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Potato is probably the most popular food item in the Indian diet and India is one of the largest producers of potato. It is grown all over the country with Uttar Pradesh growing the maximum quantity. Looking to the estimated demand of nearly 50 million tonne of potato by 2020, for a nearly 1.3 million population, the production and productivity will keep rising. Potato requires incessant efforts to meet the ever increasing demand of the growing population of the country. In all the potato growing regions the availability of high quality clean seed tuber has been the most limiting factor owing to the conventional clonal propagation that favors disease build-up that drastically reduces yield. Seed alone accounts for 40-50% of the total cost of the cultivation, hence quality seed is a vital input for obtaining high yields. In recent years biotechnology has opened up new frontiers in crop improvement and tissue culture is one of such techniques which have been successfully employed for micropropagation of elite virus free plant material. The potato, mainly due to its amenability for micropropagation has moved it from test tubes to field. Availability of quality planting material/seed of potato is a major constraint now days. Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla (CPRI) has been producing seeds. A few private companies are also engaged in potato seed production through biotechnological methods but this quantity is not sufficient to meet the growing demand. Moreover, due to demand driven market of seeds the farmers are often burdened with higher price. It is estimated that the country requires 0.8 million (8 lakh) tonnes of potato seed every year to produce targeted 7.08 million (70, 80,000) tonnes of potato as envisaged by the DAE for this year. In order to reduce the demand –supply gap, micropagation by shoot culture technique is used for the mass propagation of potato. This method is used as a control approach to viral and bacterial diseases which are commonly spread through propagative materials. Micropropagated plants are observed to establish more quickly, grow more vigorously and are taller, have a shorter and more uniform production cycle, and produce higher yields than conventional propagules. Tissue culture (TC) is the cultivation of plant cells, tissues, or organs on specially formulated nutrient media. Under the right conditions, an entire plant can be regenerated from a single cell. Plant tissue culture is a technique that has been around for more than 30 years. Throughout the world, thousands of laboratories apply plant tissue-culture technology to crops, ornamental plants and endangered plant species. In the late 1970's, the technology for large scale tissue culture was refined for potato production. Today, almost all seed potato production systems incorporate this technology in some way. The produce from fields ultimately translates into high volumes of quality seed potatoes at competitive prices. Tissue culture is seen as an important technology for developing countries for the production of disease-free, high quality planting material and the rapid production of many uniform plants. Tissue culture technology will make it possible for farmers to have access to the following such as large quantities of superior clean planting materials that are early maturing and higher annual yield per unit of land (20-30 tons per hectare against 5-10 tons) previously realized with conventional material. A standard tissue culture laboratory should have the provision and facilities for washing and storage of glassware; preparation of sterilized nutrient media and its storage; aseptic conditions for preparation and inoculation of plant material and maintenance of culture under controlled conditions. The cost involved to establish a tissue culture laboratory is so high that it restricts investments by an entrepreneur. Therefore, a new infrastructure setup can get support from the Govt. under the scheme “assistance under National Horticulture Mission, setting up new tissue culture unit” which extends financial support under different heads. There is a good scope and opportunity for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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EXTRACTION OF PECTIN FROM CITRUS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Plant Layout

Pectin is a naturally occurring substance present in all plant tissue, calcium pectin being present between the cell walls and serving as a strengthening or building agent. Fruits naturally possessing relatively large amount of pectin include lemons, bitter oranges, apples, quinees, grooselevvies, currants and plums. It is less plentiful in fruits such as black berries, raspberries, strawberries and cherries. Pectin is a group of complex materials of very high molecular weight, which are able to form a gel in the presence of correct amounts of acidity and sugar. In the presence of fruit juice the gel will usually form when the concentration of sugar, acid and pectin are 68, 1 and 1 percent respectively. The pectin’s in fruits juices are derived from proto pectin, an insoluble form of polygalacturomides whose structure is still to be elucidated. The normal processes of ripening cause the dehydration of insoluble proto pectin into pectin’s (or pectinic acids) and associated polysaccharides, and many of the physical changes in the structure of fruit and vegetable tissues coinciding with ripening are due to these changes in the pectin constituents. The pectin eventually passes into a gelatinous condition slightly soluble in water. It is suggested that pectin fundamentally comprises long-chain polygalacturomide molecules with only minor hydrogen bonding between chains. High jelly grade pectin’s are those where minimum chain dehydration has taken place and about half of the glacturonic acid groups are condensed as methyl esters. Pectin acid is the completely demethylated product possessing no power of forming sugar acid gels as required in the preserving industry. Citrus pectin is usually sold in a finely powdered condition. Pectin is available commercially in both liquid and powdered form. It has generally been extracted from either apples or citrus fruits. Pectin’s are graded for the food industry. Grading is done according to sugar-carrying power. The field of uses and applications of pectin show that there is vast consumption scope of pectin. It is very widely used in food and food processing industries. These are important ingredient and basic raw material for a large number of food products. For example, it is used in preparation of jam, jelly, sauces, pickles, ice cream, confectionery, drinks and a number of various food products. The market potential can be analyzed on the basis of the growth prospects of its users industries. The food processing units have been mushrooming at a rapid pace. Apart from the indigenous consumption, there is a demand of pectin in export market. This industry may prove to be a good foreign exchange earner. The supply is always lagging far behind its production. Its demand is increasing tremendously and the major requirement is being fulfilled through import. There is a good scope to venture into this field for new entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: 100500 Kg/AnnumPlant & machinery: 52 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 232 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 47.00%
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ENZYMES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Biotechnology, with its knowledge-intensive nature and tremendous economic potential, has emerged as one of the rapidly growing sectors of the Indian knowledge economy today. Focusing on the practical use of biological systems to produce goods and services, biotechnology has made significant achievements in the growth and its application in the areas of agriculture, healthcare, environment, etc through R & D projects and infrastructure creation. The word Enzyme brings to mind the enzymes studied in biology like trypsin and Insulin. However, as is common knowledge, the use of enzymes is not only restricted to biological systems but they are also use widely in the industry. Enzymes are ideal catalysts—they are highly selective in nature and work under mild conditions. Presently more than 2000 different enzyme activities have been isolated and characterized. The sequence information of a growing number of organisms opens the possibility to characterize all the enzymes of an organism on a genomic level. The food processing industry is highly dependent on enzymes. During processing of food, enzymes are added to elaborate a wide range of effects. One such important effect is to modify biopolymers to obtain the desired end product. Further, the action of enzymes on foodstuffs facilitates in improving digestibility, palatability and attractiveness besides enhancing nutritive value of the food. Enzyme technology is presently going through metamorphosis. It is the development of the theory concerning enzyme function and how the structural entity of various domains of a protein are revealed to its catalytic activities. There are some industries in pharmaceutical and bulk drugs industries produces enzymes for its own utilization. There is some manufacturers produce enzymes and satisfied partial India's demand but there is more than 30% of enzymes are imported especially alkaline proteases, pectinase B amylase, and some special type of enzymes. An analysis of the market for enzymes from fermentation sources were estimated to account for about 80% of the total. Most of the non fermentation sales were accounted for by calf rennet, barley B-amylase, pancreatic proteinase, and small volume pharmaceutical and analytical enzymes. The largest single enzyme market was for bacterial alkaline proteinases in detergents. Microbial proteinases accounted for 40% of the total market and gylcosidases for about 20% so that hydrolytic enzymes dominated the market. Glucose isomerase commanded the largest non hydrolase sales at 6% of the total market. The Industrial enzyme market is growing steadily as most of the enzymes are produced by microorganisms in submerged cultures going by the biotechnology technique. Growing consumption of enzymes in the existing application areas, use of enzymes in the new industrial processes, strict enforcement of environment laws and cost savings were some of key drivers for the growth of this sector in India. There is a very good scope in this field and new entrepreneurs should venture into this sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd. Aristo Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Fermenta Biotech Ltd. Precise Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. Sanmar Speciality Chemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1500 MT Amylase/Annum,1500 MT Proteases/AnnumPlant & machinery: 601 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1118 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 50.00%
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7 AMINOCEPHALOSPORANIC ACID (7 ACA) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

7 ACA or 7 Aminocephalosporanic acid is made from Cephalosporin C and is a key intermediate for synthesizing cephalosporin antibiotics, the B lactam antibiotics family. 7 ACA is a starting compound for the production of various semi-synthetic cephalosporins of different generations. These compounds are made by modification of the side chains at positions 3 and 7 of 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7 ACA). It is used to produce many cepholosporins pharmaceutical bulks, such as cefazolin sodium, cefotaxime sodium, ceftriaxone sodium, cefoperazone sodium, ceftazime sodium, cefuroxime sodium and so on. Originally, the commercial processes were based on solvent extraction. 7 Aminocephalosporanic acid (7 ACA), until recently it has been produced by chemical deacylation of the natural antibiotic cephalosporin C. The disadvantage of this method is multiple steps, low yield, use of various organic solvents and treatment of a lot of toxic waste. Alternatively, 7 ACA can be produced by a simpler and more environmentally sound process using a bio-catalytic method based on DAAO and glutaryl hydrolase for enzymatic deacylation of CPC to 7 ACA. However, few enzymes capable of this direct deacylation have been discovered, probably because of the unusual nature of the D aminoadipyl side chain of cephalosporin C. Enzyme engineering is a fast growing application in the pharmaceutical market. Cephalosporin is defined as any of a group of broad-spectrum derived from species of fungi of the genus Cephalosporium and is related to the penicillins in both structure and mode of action but relatively penicillinase resistant antibiotics. These antibiotics have low toxicity for the host, considering their broad antibacterial spectrum. They have the active nucleus of beta lactam ring which results in a variety of antibacterial and pharmacologic characteristics when modified mainly by substitution at 3 and 7 positions. Their antibacterial activities result from the inhibition of mucopeptide synthesis in the cell wall. They are widely used to treat gonorrhea, meningitis, pneumococcal, staphylococcal and streptococcal infections. The cephalosporin class of antibiotics is usually divided into generations by their antimicrobial properties. Three generations of cephalosporins are recognized and the fourth has been grouped. Each newer generation of cephalosporins has broader range of activity against gram-negative organisms but a narrower range of activity against gram positive organisms than the preceding generation. The newer agents have much longer half-lives resulting in the decrease of dosing frequency. Accordingly, the third-generation cephalosporins can penetrate into tissues well, and thus antibiotic levels are good in various body fluids. The cephalosporins belong to the family of ? lactam antibiotics. These are named after the reactive moiety of the compounds, the ? lactam ring. In CPC, the four membered ? lactam ring is coupled to a six membered dihydrothiazine ring to form the nucleus, 7 aminocephalosporanic acid (7 ACA), and a side chain, ? aminoadipic acid, is coupled via an amide bond to the nucleus. The total world market for cephalosporins was estimated to be approximately 10 billion US$ in 2000, and ? lactam antibiotics in general accounting for over 65% of the world antibiotic market. According to IMS Health, cephalosporins as single preparation and in combination preparations are ranked 10 in the global drug sales in 2003 by an estimated sales of 8.3 billion US$, the highest ranking for any of the anti infectives classes. The size of the Indian pharmaceutical industry is poised to treble over the decade. It is expected to grow from about USD 6.3 billion in 2005 to about USD 20 billion by 2015, registering a CAGR of 12.3% and outperforming the global average of 9% in 2009 to 10. In terms of scale, the Indian pharmaceutical market is the 14th largest in the world but will graduate to the top 10 by 2015, overtaking Brazil, Mexico, South Korea and Turkey. India’s growth to a USD 20 billion market by 2015 indicates that the incremental growth of USD 14 billion over the coming decade is likely to be the third highest in the world. Demand for 7 ACA is principally determined by the market sales scale of downstream products. In terms of developing trend, ceftriaxone and cefazolin were two mainstream products of 7 ACA. Therefore, the market change in these two products directly affected the change in production-sales relations of 7 ACA. After dosage conversion, according to estimate the use of 7 ACA for making certriaxone accounted for 47.7% of the total consumption of 7 ACA. Obviously, ceftriaxone had become the biggest consumer of cephalosporins raw materials of 7 ACA series, followed by cefazolin. Not only ceftriaxone boosted morale, but cefotaxime, cefazolin sodium, cefoperazone sodium, cefoperazone sulbactam, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, etc were also the direct contributors of the family. At present, major players in the market include Shijiazhuang Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd., Fujian Fukang Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd., Shanxi Weiqida Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd. and Zhuhai United Labs Co. Ltd. At present there is no production of 7 ACA in the country and the demand is met by imports. There is a good scope for capacity creation in India. New entrepreneurs should venture into this sector.
Plant capacity: 150 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 1486 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2167 Lakhs
Return: 64.00%Break even: 42.00%
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VERMICOMPOST FROM SOLVENT EXTRACTED SPICE WASTE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Vermicompost is the product or process of composting utilizing various species of worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast, similarly known as worm castings, worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by a species of earthworm. Containing water-soluble nutrients, vermicompost is an excellent, nutrient rich organic fertilizer and soil conditioner. The process of producing vermicompost is called vermicomposting. In addition to much faster decomposition rates, there are several other reasons that make vermicomposting a preferable method over standard methods. With vermicomposting, there is little to no need of aeration or turning unlike conventional methods. The end product of vermicomposting has greater soluble nutrient levels as well as higher microbial populations when compared to traditional methods. On an industrial scale, vermicomposting has been practiced as an in-situ soil remediation process whereby worms mine heavy metals from the soil or treat hydrocarbon contamination. Additionally, vermicomposting has been effective at treating municipal bio-solids and wastewater as well being capable of processing animal manures and other by-products from paper, distillery, and others. Vermicompost, like conventional compost, provides many benefits to agricultural soil, including increased ability to retain moisture, better nutrient holding capacity, better soil structure, and higher levels of microbial activity. A search of the literature, however, indicates that vermicompost may be superior to conventional aerobic compost in a number of areas. There is very wide scope and good market potential of the product due to growth of organic farming.
Plant capacity: 1,500 MT./Annum Plant & machinery: 24 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 107 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 50.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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