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Best Business Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agriculture & Horticulture: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

 

PROFILE

Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy is one of the most significant part of India. Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. About 65% of Indian population depends directly on agriculture and it accounts for around 22% of GDP. Agriculture derives its importance from the fact that it has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. The agriculture sector of India has occupied almost 43 percent of India's geographical area. Agriculture is still the only largest contributor to India's GDP even after a decline in the same in the agriculture share of India

RESOURCES

Paddy, wheat and maize are the major crops of Jammu & Kashmir. Barley, bajra and jowar are cultivated in few parts. Gram is grown in Ladakh. The horticulture industry in Kashmir has become the safeguard of rural economy in the State, providing job facilities to the thousands of people directly and indirectly. The major horticulture items are apple, pear, cherry, walnut, almond, peaches, saffron, apricot, strawberry and plum. About 80 per cent population of the State depends on agriculture. The area under orchards is 242 lakh hectares. The State produces fruit worth Rs 2,000 crore annually including export of walnuts worth Rs. 120 crore. Jammu and Kashmir State has been declared as Agri Export Zone for apple and walnuts. Market Intervention Scheme has also been launched for improving quality fruit for export by ensuing proper grading.

The State is suitable for growing variety of flowers since it has perfect agro-climatic conditions. The floriculture industry in the State offers a good source of supply to the domestic and international market. There is potential for this activity to be propagated on a commercial basis.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In India, agricultural trade policy is a part of a larger food and agriculture policy regime that seeks to maintain food self-sufficiency while providing income support to the agricultural sector and poor consumers. The Government of India (GOI) uses a variety of policy instruments in attempting to achieve these goals, including:

•        Domestic subsidies to inputs, outputs, transportation, storage, and consumption to reduce producer costs and consumer prices

•        Border measures such as subsidies, tariffs, quotas, and non-tariff measures to protect domestic producers from import competition, manage domestic price levels, and guarantee domestic supply.

Handicraft: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

India is one of the important suppliers of handicrafts to the world market.  The Indian handicrafts industry is highly labour intensive cottage based industry and decentralized, being spread all over the country in rural and urban areas.  Paintings, furniture, sculptures, artificial jewellery, animal figures, figurines of deities and idols, baskets, and many more items have been complimented as the pride of India. The Handicrafts Sector plays a significant & important role in the country’s economy.

RESOURCES:

Handicraft is the traditional industry of the State and has been of crucial importance given its large employment and export potential. Some of the items of industry are papier-mache, woodcarving, carpets, shawl making, embroidery etc. The handicrafts industry, particularly the carpet industry, has been a source of substantial foreign exchange. It provides employment to about 3.40 lakh artisans. The number of industrial units has also gone up. Jammu has Urban Haats, while a similar Haat is being commissioned in Srinagar. An Export Promotion Industrial Park has been established at Kartholi, Jammu. A similar Park is being set up at Ompora, Budgam. A pashmina dehairing project assisted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is coming up in the Leh industrial estate of the State.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

During the Xth Plan the Government of India has implemented seven generic schemes in the central sector for holistic growth and development of handicrafts sector in the country.  The Sub-Group on handicrafts recommended six generic schemes for development of handicrafts in the country to be implemented during the 11th five year plan. The schemes recommended for implementation during 11th five year plan are as under:

Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana: This scheme aims to promote Indian handicrafts by developing artisans’ clusters into professionally managed and self-reliant community enterprise on the principles of effective member participation and mutual cooperation.  The thrust of the scheme is on a project based, need based integrated approach for sustainable development of handicrafts through participation of crafts persons. 

 

Livestock: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Livestock sector plays a critical role in the welfare of India's rural population. It contributes nine percent to Gross Domestic Product and employs eight percent of the labour force. 70% of livestock market in India is owned by 67% of small, marginal farmers and by the landless. 60% of livestock farming labor is provided by women and more than 90% of work related to care of animals is rendered by womenfolk of the family. Indian Livestock is reared in close human proximity where they form component of the life system of the people. Cows, buffaloes, bullocks, mule and donkeys are not just utility animals, but also companions at work for the toiling poor who rear them alongside their own dwelling. India has 53% of world Buffalo population and 15% of world Cattle population. In terms of sheep population, India ranks fifth after Australia, China, Iran and New Zealand.

RESOURCES:

In Jammu and Kashmir, animal husbandry plays a significant role as 0.13 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) of the state is contributed by this sector. The state has a precious wealth of livestock in form of cattle-buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry, etc. The cattle and poultry amongst all the livestock are considered the most important tool for the development of the rural economy. The production of pashmina shawls and other animal products like carpets, shawls and blankets of Kashmir earn handsome foreign exchange for the nation. Therefore livestock industry in the state has vast scope for development rendering quick economic returns.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Indian government has collaboration and policies to provide guidance for a more holistic planning, implementation and monitoring of animal husbandry projects. Following plans have also been made:

•        Also, the government has planned to assure a sound Natural Resource Management (NRM) Sphere co-ordination and implementation at country level for SDC.

•        Create / enhance synergy between the activities of the Livestock production and Dairying (LPD) and Sustainable Land Use (SLU) sectors

•        Enlarge the scope for new and innovative interventions and for support to technical development and technology transfer.

•        Promote and support validation, documentation and dissemination of experiences in order to contribute to the process of knowledge management in SDC and Inter cooperation (IC) and to strengthen inputs for policy and strategic dialogue with partners and actors in the NRM Sphere

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

 

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Jammu and Kashmir is known as crown of India, adheres varieties of cultural, religious spots, adventure and sightseeing activities. It is famous for its towering snow clad mountains, bubbling streams, transparent and sparkling lakes, flower meadows, colourful orchards and rare fauna. All such features of Jammu and Kashmir have always attracted numerous tourists from all over the world. Tourism has emerged as an important and one of the major contributors to the State's economy. There are various places of tourist attraction in the State which are being visited by both foreign and domestic tourists. Kashmir Valley is described as the paradise on earth. Chashmashahi springs, Shalimar Bagh, Dal Lake, Dachigam, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonamarg and Amarnath shrine in the Valley, Vaishnodevi shrine and Patnitop near Jammu and Buddhist monasteries in Ladakh are important tourist destinations. Ladakh festival in September and Sindhu Darshan in June are popular events. However, efforts are being made to support houseboat owners and develop village tourism in Jammu and Kashmir.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

Sericulture: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Sericulture, the technique of silk production, is an agro-industry, playing an eminent role in the rural economy of India. Silk-fibre is a protein produced from the silk-glands of silkworms. Of the total production of 2,969 tonnes of silk in India, as much as 2,445 tonnes is produced by the mulberry silkworms, Bombyx mori. India is the second largest producer of raw silk after China and the biggest consumer of raw silk and silk fabrics. An analysis of trends in international silk production suggests that sericulture has better prospects for growth in the developing countries rather than in the advanced countries.

RESOURCES:

Kashmir has been famous for its silk production since ancient past. Rajtrangni of Kalhana, Mahabharata and Ramayana establish that the sericulture was being practised in Kashmir from times immemorial.  Jammu and Kashmir produces the best quality Bivoltine Mulberry silk in the country due to its longer length better strength and shine mainly because of conducive climatic conditions. However out of total production of cocoons every year only 20-25% is being consumed within the State and the rest is exported. The estimated production of raw silk yarn is 92000 kg annually. As against this the State is importing spun silk as an item of raw material for different manufactures without clicking our conscience that the better silk could have been exported to others besides catering to the needs of the home industry.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

There are several centrally sponsored schemes for promotion and development of sericulture sector, through which Government of India has been undertaking different activities like:

 

•        creation of sericulture related infrastructure;

•        development of nurseries and farms;

•        expanding plantation areas;

•        providing technical know-how to the rearers in production and marketing of cocoons;

•        skill up-gradation and training programme, etc.

 

Fisheries: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Fisheries sector occupies a very important place in socio-economic development in India. It has been recognized as a powerful income and employment generatoras it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary industries and is a source of cheap and nutritious besides being a foreign exchange earner.

RESOURCES:

The State of J&K has a unique topography which divides the State in to 3 distinct agro climatic zones viz. the tropical Jammu Division, the temperate Kashmir Valley and the cold arid zone of Ladakh. The State is bestowed with the natural water resources spread over an area of about 0.40 lacs hectares existing in the shape of cold water torrential streams, Lakes, Rivers, Sars, Springs, Reservoirs besides about 250 high altitude Lakes. While the Jammu Division offers potential for development of Warm Water Fisheries, certain areas in the Districts of Kathua, Udhampur, Doda, Rajouri and Poonch also offer potential for the development of Cold water Fisheries and Mahaseer Fisheries. The Kashmir Valley including Ladakh region offers great potential for development of Cold Water Fisheries and the indigenous Icthyofauna.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

During the 10th Five Year Plan, emphasis was laid on the strengthening of the infrastructure existing in the shape of Fish Farms, Hatcheries, and other allied infrastructure. The Department has achieved break-through in cold water Fisheries and Food Fisheries. Fish Farming has been successfully introduced in the private sector under the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s Package and in this direction 454 units have been set up to provide employment avenues to the educated unemployed rural youth. During the Annual Plan 2009-10, the department has identified major thrust areas for overall development of fisheries in the State.

These include:-

i.        The existing infrastructure will be further strengthened. Under this programme, emphasis will be laid to increase the hatching and rearing capacity of existing Fish Farms and Trout Hatcheries.

ii.       Development of Recreational Fisheries by way of setting up of an Aquarium at Srinagar and completion of phase 2nd of Aquarium cum Awareness centre at Bagh-i-Bahu Jammu.

iii.      Extensive survey of areas especially in newly created districts will be conducted for establishment of new fish farming units of both Carp and Trout.

iv.      Sport Fisheries will be further strengthened and new trout streams will be established in the State particularly in Jammu division to increase the scope of trout angling in the State.

v.       Propagation of fish culture in private sector

vi.      Development of endemic fish fauna/hill stream fisheries.

vii.     To provide better marketing facilities for the fishermen.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

RESOURCES:

SMC has introduced dumpers replacing open collection sites in many areas but the dumpers are not colour-coded and no segregation of waste is carried out at source. Total waste generated is about 375 MT/day (within SMC limits). House-to-House collection of municipal solid waste is being undertaken in 25% of households in Srinagar city through Srinagar Municipal Corporation and some Non- Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Waste is being collected from hotels, restaurants, office complexes and commercial areas whereas slums in some areas are not provided with sanitation facilities. Waste from slaughter houses, meat and fish markets, fruits and vegetable markets which are bio-degradable in nature are not managed separately instead are dumped at the landfill site.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Surgical and Examination Latex Rubber Gloves

Medical gloves are medical safety accessories that ensure sanitary hospital conditions by limiting patients' exposure to infectious matter. They also serve to protect health professionals from disease through contact with bodily fluids. Medical gloves are disposable gloves used during medical examinations and procedures to help prevent cross-contamination between caregivers and patients. Medical gloves are made of different polymers including latex, nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride and neoprene; they come unpowdered, or powdered with cornstarch to lubricate the gloves, making them easier to put on the hands. An Examination gloves (patient examination) glove is a disposable device intended for medical purposes that is worn on the examiner’s hand or finger to prevent contamination between patient and examiner. They are ambidextrous Examination grade gloves, also sometimes referred to as medical gloves, were originally designed for non-surgical medical procedures, but are also used in a variety of other applications where users seek added peace of mind regarding the glove quality. Latex gloves are being used in medical industry, automobile industry and manufacturing industry including food processing. The major purpose of using these rubber gloves are to protect the hand and fingers from heat, abrasion, electric shocks, chemical attack, contamination through direct contact as in the case of medical examination gloves etc. Rubber gloves manufacturing process is not complex and the main raw material is rubber latex. Indian surgical glove market is growing at 15% while the demand for examination gloves has been rising by 20%per annum. The Global Rubber Gloves market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 8.5% between 2014 and 2022. The factors such as rising healthcare expenditure, increasing health threats and increasing hygiene awareness and healthcare regulations are driving the market growth. Foreign exchange risks, rising raw material costs and pricing competition are hampering the market growth. Demand for disposable gloves in healthcare applications in Spain is estimated to grow at a significant rate over the forecast period. The country has a comprehensive public health system that accounts for approximately 75-80% of the sector’s activity. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful. Few Indian major players are as under: • Accent Industries Ltd. • Acknit Industries Ltd. • Asian Latex Ltd. • Casil Health Products Ltd. • Casil Health Products Ltd. • J K Ansell Pvt. Ltd. • London Rubber India Ltd. • Mega Meditex Ltd. • Sri Kannapiran Mills Ltd. • T T K Biomed Ltd.
Plant capacity: Surgical Latex Rubber Gloves (Wt. 16 gms each): 18,000,000 Pairs per annum Examination Latex Rubber Gloves (Wt. 4 gms each): 18,000,000 Pairs per annumPlant & machinery: 407 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1116 Lakhs
Return: 35.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Biodegradable Disposable Plastic Cutlery

Biodegradable Disposable Plastic Cutlery. (Eco Friendly Compostable Spoons Cutlery) India is slowly becoming a country where people are turning health conscious. Thankfully, biodegradable cutlery has emerged as a better alternative to plastics across the globe and Indians have been early adopters of biodegradable products. These Cutlery is fully compostable and biodegradable in approximately 100 days in properly maintained compost facilities. These eco-friendly products are perfect for restaurants, cafeterias, business functions, trade shows, festivals and fairs, catering. Compostable or biodegradable bio-plastics, most commonly used for utensils, are marketed as a sustainable alternative to single-use plastic. More and more people are becoming environmentally conscious every day and are taking the necessary steps to protect the environment. Businesses that embrace the concept of being eco-friendly can realize a wide range of benefits from doing so. One of the business industries in which compostable products can be used the most is in the food industry. Both dine-in and takeout restaurants have the opportunity to incorporate eco-friendly products into their operations in the form of plates and cutlery. The Global Biodegradable Cutlery Market sales were 845 million pieces in 2016, and it will be 1274 million pieces in 2023; while the revenue of Biodegradable Cutlery Market was 30.5 million USD in 2016 and forecast to accomplish 38.9 million USD in 2023, with a CAGR of 5.5% by 2023. Increasing awareness regarding harmful effects associated with non-biodegradable plastic wastes is a key factor likely to drive the market in the forecast period. Disposable cutlery, unlike the traditional disposable cutlery made from steel, is single-use cutlery. It is also comparatively cheaper than steel cutlery. Additionally, due to its lightweight it can be carried easily and is most favourable for on-the-go food. The increasing use of plastic in our day-to-day life is creating a lot of plastic waste and regulatory authorities in various parts of the world are posing bans on the use of plastic. To overcome this challenge, foodservice packaging manufacturers use plant-based raw materials for manufacturing single-use packaging like disposable cutlery, plates, bowls, and trays. Expansion in bio-based foodservice manufacturing capabilities may benefit disposable cutlery manufacturers during the forecast period. Furthermore, in recent years several manufacturers are looking for positive opportunities in edible disposable cutlery made of wheat bran, rice, corn, and sorghum. Additionally, edible disposable cutlery reduces CO2 emissions by tons. As per product type, the global disposable cutlery market is segmented into fork, spoon, and knife. Rising demand for eco-friendly, safe, and sustainable cutlery owing to increasing number of restaurants, fast food joints, and cafeterias is fueling the demand for biodegradable plates and cups. Environment friendly cutleries are a feasible alternative that offers the convenience of disposable plates, cups, and spoon in picnics, parties, and other occasions. Moreover, they do not have any negative impact on the environment. The Biodegradable Cutlery Market is segmented based on raw materials, products, composition and end user. The biodegradable cutlery is mainly made from PLA resin, CPLA (modified PLA), and Starch Blends. In general, the plant starch biodegradable cutlery is made from 70% renewable resources and 30% fillers like polypropylene and talc. PLA is a bio-based plastic derived from renewable resources such as maize starch, tapioca roots, or sugar cane. 100% cutlery is made from recode bio-plastic, produced from a rapidly renewable starch sourced from non-GMO crops. Growth will be driven by the increased options and convenience of meals prepared or consumed away from home. Demand will also be supported by a shift toward the use of higher value products featuring durable plastic or compostable materials. The Biodegradable Cutlery Market is dominated by the key players like Biopak, Eco-Products, Inc, Trellis Earth, BioMass Packaging, World Centric, Bionatic GmbH, GreenGood, Better Earth, Nature House Green, BioGreenChoice, Green Home, Vegware, Biodegradable Food Service, Biogreenchoice, Green good, World Centric, Karat and Green Home. Tags #Biodegradable_Spoon, #Disposable_Plastic_Cutlery, Biodegradable, Compostable and Renewable Disposable Plastic, #100%_Compostable_Spoons, Biodegradable Spoons, Plastic Cutlery, Disposable Plastic Cutlery, Biodegradable Cutlery, #Biodegradable_Plastic_Cutlery, Biodegradable Disposable Plastic Cutlery, Biodegradable Disposable Cutlery Manufacture, Biodegradable Cutlery Manufacture, Disposable Biodegradable Plastic Cutlery, Eco Friendly and 100% Compostable Spoons, Eco Friendly Cornstarch 100 Biodegradable Disposable Plastic Cutlery, Biodegradable Disposable Eco-Friendly Cutlery, #Compostable_Cutlery, Disposable Eco-Friendly Plastic Cutlery, Disposable Cutlery, Eco Friendly Biodegradable Cutlery, Eco Friendly Compostable Spoons Cutlery, #100%_Compostable_Spoons, Compostable Biodegradable Spoons, Cutlery Utensils, How Compostable Utensils are Made, 100% Disposable & Eco Friendly Cutlery Items, Eco-Friendly Utensils, Disposable Utensils, Eco-Friendly Cutlery, Compostable & Biodegradable Cutlery, Environmentally Friendly Cutlery, #Compostable_Cutlery_Manufacturing, Environmentally Friendly Cutlery, #Detailed_Project_Report_on_Disposable_Biodegradable_Plastic_Cutlery, Project Report on Biodegradable Spoon, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Disposable Biodegradable Plastic Cutlery, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Compostable Cutlery Manufacturing, #Feasibility_report_on_Compostable_Cutlery_Manufacturing, Free Project Profile on Disposable Biodegradable Plastic Cutlery, Project profile on Compostable Biodegradable Spoons, Download free project profile on Biodegradable Spoon, Compostable Food Service Ware, Compostable Products, Disposable and Compostable Spoon, #Manufacturing_of_Biodegradable_Plastics_Cutlery
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Truck Body Building

A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration; smaller varieties may be mechanically similar to some automobiles. Commercial trucks can be very large and powerful, and may be configured to mount specialized equipment, such as in the case of fire trucks and concrete mixers and suction excavators. Already at 1.31 billion, by 2027 India’s population will be the largest in the world, at over 1.4 billion. Growth means urbanisation, and urbanisation requires ‘stuff’. As small villages develop into large, and as people move from rural to urban locations, so demand for ‘stuff’ will increase. Great news for truck fleets, and the OEMs who supply those stuff-hauling fleets; but the changes to trucking in India over the next decade will be seismic in proportion. Just about the only certainty is that ‘Trucking India’ in 2027 will look very different from its 2017 ancestor. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful. Few Indian major players are as under • Automobile Corpn. Of Goa Ltd. • Commercial Engineers & Body Builders Co. Ltd. • H M M Infra Ltd. • J C B L Ltd. • Tata Marcopolo Motors Ltd.
Plant capacity: Truck Body Building : 20 Nos./dayPlant & machinery: Rs 362 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1709 lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Recovery of Fe2O3 & TiO2 from Bauxite Processing Waste

Ferric oxide (Fe? O?) is an inorganic compound also known as hematite. Ferric oxide is used in the iron industry in the manufacturing of alloys and steel. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ferric oxide pigment for use in cosmetics. Moreover, ferric oxide granules are used in the form of filtration media for removing phosphates in saltwater aquariums. FOR Fe2O3 • In iron industries for producing steel and alloys • Ferric oxide powder, also called jeweler’s rouge, is used for polishing lenses and metallic jewelry • Its granular form is used as a filtration media for pulling out phosphates in saltwater aquariums • As FDA-approved Pigment Brown 6 and Pigment Red 101, for use in cosmetics. • In biomedical applications, because its nanoparticles are non-toxic and biocompatible Recovery of Fe2O3 Fe2O3 is another material in red mud that has attracted a number of researchers. Until now, there are three means to recover iron from red mud: smelting, solid-state reduction and magnetic separation. In smelting process, red mud is charged into blast furnace or rotary furnace with a reducing agent. Then, iron oxide in red mud is reduced to generate pig iron that can be used in steel production. However, smelting process has some demerits. High energy and capital costs are associated with blast furnace (BF) operation because scale of operation is high. Red mud must be mixed with some good-grade iron ore to maintain the minimum grade of the charge to BF. In addition, titanium reacts with other constituents of the slag to form multiple oxides that are difficult to leach. In the solid-state reduction process, the mud is mixed with a reducing agent or contacted with a reducing gas to produce metallic iron. The product can be an input either in a steel-making furnace or a conventional blast furnace. Compared to smelting process, solid-state reduction process consumes less energy. But, it also has some disadvantages. First, the metallic iron produced is quite difficult to separate from the rest of product. So, it is easily polluted by gangue materials. Second, the product is in a very fine form. The recovery rate of Fe2O3 was 45% (weight percent). Another means is to convert hematite or goethite in red mud to magnetite firstly, which is followed with magnetic separation. Obviously, this process is more complex than magnetic separation. Directly. But it also has some advantages. First, goethite is easier to separate magnetically and needs less energy to reduce compared to hematite. So, the extra cost of reducing hematite to magnetite can be compensated by the energy difference between reducing hematite and magnetite to metallic iron. Titanium Dioxide, also known as titanium (IV) oxide or titania, is a white crystalline powder, made up of ilmenite and rutile, which are used as the main raw materials. It is created using either the chloride process or sulfuric acid, referred to as the sulfate process. Titanium dioxide is extensively used as a white pigment in paints and coatings application. Also, it has a wide range of applications, ranging from paints and sunscreens to food coloring. FOR TiO2 Uses for white pigment Four million tons of pigmentary TiO2 are consumed annually. Apart from producing a white colour in liquids, paste or as coating on solids, TiO2 is also an effective opacifier, making substances more opaque. Here are some examples of the extensive range of applications: (1)Paints (2)Plastics (3) Papers (4) Inks (5) Medicines (5) Most toothpastes (6) Skimmed milk; adding TiO2 to skimmed milk makes it appear brighter, more opaque and more palatable Recovery of TiO2 Generally, there have been two main methods developed by which the titanium can be recovered from red mud: pyrometallurgical recovery and hydro-metallurgical recovery. The pyro- metallurgical method generally comprises the separation of pig iron. The red mud is calcined at a range of temperatures, from 800 to 1350°C, and is smelted through a reducing agent using an electric-furnace to obtain melted iron as well as slag that includes titanium dioxide, silica and alumina. The metallic iron is removed from the slag and the slag is digested to recover the titanium and aluminium from the solution. The pyro-metallurgical process is not an energy-friendly method and, hence, the hydrometallurgical technique usually attracts more attention from the research community. A number of the acids’ extractability have been analysed to recover titanium from red mud, such as dilute and concentrated H2SO4 and hydrochloric acid. The solvent extraction technique has been applied to extract titanium from red mud using HCl, which comprised di- and mono-. Red mud can also be considered a secondary source of the most important modification of titanium compound, titanium dioxide. Market Outlook The Global Ferric Oxide Market is expected to register a CAGR of 4.99% to reach a value of USD 2,414,382.9 Million by 2030. The growing construction industry output is expected to be one of the most significant drivers for the iron oxide market on a global scale. Iron oxide finds a profound rate of application in the construction industry such as in the colouring of various construction materials, including concrete blocks and bricks, ready-mixed concrete and roofing tiles. With the steady growth of the construction industry, stemming from increasing urban and civil infrastructure projects, the demand for iron oxides is expected to increase significantly. Additionally, the use of iron oxide for applications such as paints & coatings, plastics, ceramics and chemicals would necessitate its bulk consumption. The primary driver of the global ferric oxide market is its growing adoption in steel production. The increasing application of steel in the major end-use industries such as transportation, construction, energy, packaging, and consumer appliances is also a prime factor driving market growth. Steel finds application in the manufacturing of automobile structures, panels, doors, engine blocks, gears, suspension, wheels, fuel tanks, steering, and braking systems. The use of iron oxide pigments to impart colors to construction materials, paints, inks, plastics, papers, cosmetics, rubbers, concrete blocks, and tiles is another key driver of the market. The growing construction industry output is expected to be one of the most significant drivers for the iron oxide market on a global scale. The growing adoption of iron oxide nanoparticles in wastewater treatment is an excellent opportunity for the players in the market. With the steady growth of the construction industry, stemming from increasing urban and civil infrastructure projects, the demand for iron oxides is expected to increase significantly. Additionally, the use of iron oxide for applications such as paints & coatings, plastics, ceramics and chemicals would necessitate its bulk consumption. The ferric oxide market is witnessing consolidation, driven by the pursuit for sustainability among market participants, owing to the imposition of stringent regulations on the production of ferric oxide, which are increasing the overhead costs for ferric oxide manufacturers. This has prompted ferric oxide manufacturers to consolidate production and business operations through acquisition of external enterprises having a sufficient infrastructure and resources. Some of the major players operating in the Ferric Oxide market: • Cathay Industries • Huntsman • Lanxess • Bayferrox • Toda Kogyo • Quality Magnetite • Prochem • BariteWorld • Cathay Industries • Nano-Oxides • Pirox Titanium Dioxide The global titanium dioxide market size was valued at USD 15.76 billion in 2018 and is expected to witness a CAGR of 8.7% from 2019 to 2025. Thus, rising number of residential and non-residential construction projects is augmenting the demand for paints & coatings, thereby boosting overall market growth. In addition, high demand for anti-corrosive architectural coatings in the pigments has increased the demand for titanium dioxide. The rising use of titanium dioxide in ceramic industry is one of the key factors expected to trigger the market growth in the forthcoming years. It is used as popular ingredient in different products including paint, plastic, paper, pharmaceuticals, and other items. It also provides variegation and crystallization to the color and texture of ceramic glazes. It further prevents pollutants including nitrogen oxide, sulfur oxide, carbon monoxide from affecting ceramic products. The tightening of regulations globally over vehicular emissions and fuel efficiency concerns have compelled manufacturers to take measures in making vehicles lightweight. High availability of substitutes the rising prices of TiO2 and its negative effects on human are pushing end-user industries to use substitute products. This will hinder the growth of the titanium dioxide market during the forecast period. Titanium dioxide particles have wide application scope due to their high stability, photocatalytic properties, and anti-corrosive nature and are manufactured from anatase. They are used in consumer products, such as sunscreens, and as components for articulating implants for the hip and knee. In the near future, its usage in plastics is set to rise at a breakneck pace thereby providing a major fillip to the global titanium dioxide market. Titanium dioxide find application in bettering numerous characteristics of plastics such as color, opacity, and strength. And with the ever-surging demand for plastic on account of the burgeoning world trade, the global titanium dioxide market growth it expected to remain supported. Top Key Players of Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Market: • KRONOS Worldwide Inc. • Lomon Billions • The Chemours Company • Tronox Holdings plc • Venator Materials PLC. Tags #Recovery_of_Fe2O3_from_Bauxite_Processing, #Iron_Oxide_Recovery, #Recovery_of_Ferric_Oxide, #Recovery_of_Ferric_oxide_from_Bauxite_Processing_Waste, Ferric Oxide, Manufacturing Applications for Iron (III) Oxide, Manufacture of ferric oxide, Production of Iron (II) Oxide (Fe2O3), Process for the Manufacture of Iron Oxide, Process for Producing Iron Oxide, Iron Oxide Formula, Ferric Oxide Production, How to Make Iron Oxide, Preparation of iron oxide, Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Production and Manufacturing, #Titanium_Dioxide, Manufacture of Titanium Dioxide, #Titanium_Dioxide_(TiO2) Production, Manufacturing Process of Titanium Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide Properties, Titanium Dioxide Uses, Titanium Dioxide Process Flow Diagram, Titanium Dioxide Manufacture, How to Make Titanium Dioxide, Manufacturing Process of Titanium Dioxide, Production of Titanium Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide Production, #Recovery_of_Titanium_Dioxide, Process for Recovery of Titanium Dioxide, Recovering Titanium Dioxide (Tio2), Recovery of Titanium Dioxide from Bauxite Processing Waste, #Project_Report_on_Recovery_of_Ferric_oxide_from_Bauxite_Processing_Waste, Detailed Project Report on Recovery of Ferric oxide from Bauxite Processing Waste, Project Report on Recovery of Titanium Dioxide, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Recovery of Ferric oxide from Bauxite Processing Waste, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Recovery of Titanium Dioxide, #Feasibility_report_on_Recovery_of_Ferric_oxide_from_Bauxite_Processing_Waste, #Free_Project_Profile_on_Recovery_of_Ferric_oxide_from_Bauxite_Processing_Waste, Project profile on Recovery of Ferric oxide from Bauxite Processing Waste, Download free project profile on Recovery of Titanium Dioxide
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Herbal Extracts (Brahmi Extract, Ashwagandha Extract, Dry Ginger Root Powdered Extract)

Herbal extracts are substances which are obtained by crushing, distilling, comminuting, and juicing various herbs. The processes are designed to maximum the potency of a particular herb. Herbal extract is referred to the crude mixtures extracted from various parts of plants, which have diverse applications in various industries. The extraction of herbal compounds is generally carried out using ethanol or water. Herbal extracts have been identified to be highly consumed in the form of dietary supplements. Other major application sectors of herbal extracts include food, beverages, pharmaceutical, cosmetic & personal care, and others. Brahmi Extract Brahmi known as Bacopa Monnieri is an herb basically used in the Ayurveda treatment for Asthma and Epilepsy. Apart from the treatment of these diseases, Brahmi is also widely accepted to have magical curing power for many other diseases. It is considered to be an excellent brain tonic, improving cognitive functions including enhancing memory power and learning ability. Bacopa Monniera Herb & Extract is a classic brain and nervine tonic included in the "Brahmi" category of herbs, which are those that benefit both the mind and spirit and improve the intellect and consciousness. Bacopa Monniera assists in heightening mental acuity and supports the physiological processes involved in relaxation. Ashwagandha Extract Ashwagandha or Withania Somnifera is a widely used herb in Ayurvedic medicines. The berries, leaves and root of this short herb have versatile medicinal values. The extract, light in color and neutral in taste is derived from select, handpicked roots. According to Ayurveda, Ashwagandha is excellent for vitality as well as rejuvenation and is a general health booster. The purification of Ashwangandha roots and the extraction processes are carried out under expert supervision using traditional methods laid down in ancient Ayurveda texts. Ginger Root Powdered Extract Ginger or Zingiber Officinal is one of world’s best known spices, used throughout history for its all-round health benefits. The dried ginger extract contains mono- and sesquiterpenes. Ginger is one the most well-researched herbs in the world. An ingredient of the traditional Indian and Chinese pharmacopoeia, Ginger and powdered Ginger monographs have been approved for inclusion in the National Formulary by the US pharmacopoeia. German and European monographs on ginger are also available. The global herbal extracts market is predicted to exhibit a 7.52% CAGR from 2018 to 2023. Rise of health consciousness among the youth and other demographics are likely to spur market demand over the forecast period. High demand for functional foods and beverages which contain the required ingredients for preventing chronic diseases. Awareness of the health benefits of herbal extracts can positively impact market growth. Furthermore, demand for skin care products with the inclusion of natural ingredients can create growth opportunities for the herbal extracts market. Global herbal extracts market has been growing at a continuous pace because of its various health benefits and increasing awareness about side effects from using chemical based products. Even at the times of recession the demand of herbal products is not much affected as people desire to maintain their health when the treatments are costlier. The extraction process requires obtaining active ingredients, using cost effective and appropriate solvents to increase the yield and its quality. There are various extraction processes each varying in cost efficiency, limitations and time consumption. India herbal extracts market has recorded phenomenal growth over the years with rising awareness among the people about the health benefits of consuming herbal products. The use of herbal extracts in the pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industry in India and abroad contributed a dominant share of ~% in the overall sales of the players operating in the space during FY’2017. The growing demand of ayurveda medicines due to limited or no side effects has boosted the use of herbal extracts by the players operating in pharmaceutical industry in India. Dietary supplements which are used to provide health benefits also involve a major component of herbal extract to be consumed by the people. Indian consumers are more inclined towards natural and herbal cosmetic products, especially those used for hair and skin care. The rising demand for natural cosmetics has resulted in augmented use of herbal extracts in preparing beauty products. The market has majorly been driven by the exports of high quality herbal extracts which are demanded by the US, Canada, Ukraine, South Korea, Czech Republic, Israel, France, Taiwan, Nepal, and other nations. The inclination of foreign customers towards Indian products due to health benefits of various herbs has led to a boost in the revenues of the market.
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Ceramic Transfers (For Printing on Ceramics) Rubber Stamping, Stencilling, Screen Printing, Offset Printing and Paper Transfers

Transfer printing, method of decorating pottery by using an inked, engraved copperplate to make a print on paper that, while still wet, is pressed against a glazed pottery surface, leaving behind an impression, or transfer, of the engraving. Sometimes these monochrome transfer prints were subsequently filled in with colour by hand. Rubber stamping, also called stamping, is a craft in which some type of ink made of dye or pigment is applied to an image or pattern that has been carved, molded, laser engraved or vulcanized, onto a sheet of rubber. The rubber is often mounted onto a more stable object such as a wood, brick or an acrylic block. Increasingly the vulcanized rubber image with an adhesive foam backing is attached to a cling vinyl sheet which allows it to be used with an acrylic handle for support. These cling rubber stamps can be stored in a smaller amount of space and typically cost less than the wood mounted versions. They can also be positioned with a greater amount of accuracy due to the stamper's ability to see through the handle being used. Temporary stamps with simple designs can be carved from a potato. The ink-coated rubber stamp is pressed onto any type of medium such that the colored image is transferred to the medium. The medium is generally some type of fabric or paper. Other media used are wood, metal, glass, plastic, and rock. High-volume batik uses liquid wax instead of ink on a metal stamp. Stenciling, in the visual arts, a technique for reproducing designs by passing ink or paint over holes cut in cardboard or metal onto the surface to be decorated. Stencilling produces an image or pattern by applying pigment to a surface over an intermediate object with designed gaps in it which create the pattern or image by only allowing the pigment to reach some parts of the surface. The stencil is both the resulting image or pattern and the intermediate object; the context in which stencil is used makes clear which meaning is intended. In practice, the (object) stencil is usually a thin sheet of material, such as paper, plastic, wood or metal, with letters or a design cut from it, used to produce the letters or design on an underlying surface by applying pigment through the cut-out holes in the material. Screen printing also uses a stencil process, as does mimeography. The masters from which mimeographed pages are printed are often called "stencils". Stencils can be made with one or many colour layers using different techniques, with most stencils designed to be applied as solid colours. Screen printing, also known as serigraphy, is a method of creating an image on paper, fabric or some other object by pressing ink through a screen with areas blocked off by a stencil. The technique is used both for making fine art prints and for commercial applications, such as printing a company's logo on coffee mugs or t-shirts. Offset printing, also called offset lithography, or litho-offset, in commercial printing, widely used printing technique in which the inked image on a printing plate is printed on a rubber cylinder and then transferred (i.e., offset) to paper or other material. The rubber cylinder gives great flexibility, permitting printing on wood, cloth, metal, leather, and rough paper. In offset printing the matter to be printed is neither raised above the surface of the printing plate (as in letterpress) nor sunk below it (as in intaglio, or gravure, printing). Instead, it is flush with the surface of the plate; thus offset is classified as a planographic method of printing. Transfer paper is a thin piece of paper coated with wax and pigment. Often, an ink-jet or other printer is used to print the image on the transfer paper. A heat press can transfer the image onto clothing, canvas, or other surface. Transfer paper is used in creating iron-ons.
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Recycling of Polythene and Other Plastic Products

Polythene is a type of plastic made into thin sheets or bags and used especially to keep food fresh or to keep things dry. Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE) is the most common plastic. The annual global production is around 80 million tonnes. Its primary use is in packaging (plastic bags, plastic films, geo membranes, containers including bottles, etc.). Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastic and reprocessing the material into useful products. Global Plastic Recycling Market is projected to cross USD 50.0 Billion by 2023, growing at a CAGR of over 5.0% during the forecast period. Rising awareness about the pollution caused by plastics and the energy saving benefits in the manufacturing of recycled plastics over virgin plastics are the major growth drivers of the global market for plastic recycling. In terms of type, the plastic recycling market is categorized into Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP), Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Polystyrene (PS) and others. Plastic recycling market is prognosticated to scale new heights in the upcoming years owing to the rising cost of production as a result of increasing petroleum price. The growth trajectory of the market is likely to be dictated by government regulations favoring the recycling of plastic waste. In addition, the need for a standard recycling technology for plastic in order to manage waste efficiently is also anticipated to catalyze the expansion of the market over the next couple of years. However, a lack of awareness about recycling still prevails in the market which is forecasted to check the proliferation of the plastic recycling market over the assessment period. Based on application, the market has been expanded into packaging, construction, automotive, textile, consumer goods, and industrial. Of these, the segment of packaging is expected to serve the most demand for recycled plastic owing to the thriving expansion of the packaging industry and the several mandates compelling the industry to adopt more environment-friendly processes and ways to cut-down on its carbon footprint. The construction segment is also increasingly becoming a notable consumer of recycled plastic and is likely to account for a notable share in the overall market by the end of the report’s forecast period.
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Culinary Institute

Culinary arts, in which culinary means "related to cooking", are the arts of preparation, cooking, and presentation of food, usually in the form of meals. People working in this field – especially in establishments such as restaurants – are commonly called "chefs" or "cooks", although, at its most general, the terms "culinary artist" and "culinarian" are also used. Table manners ("the table arts") are sometimes referred to as a culinary art. In the recent years, more and more people are gaining interest in culinary arts. Whether they want to be executive chef of the fanciest restaurant in town or own their own business catering to locals, lots of people are researching, learning, and consuming more fine food than ever before.
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Papad & Bari

Papad is an inseparable part of Indian meals as they are light, crispy and leaves the taste buds delighted with their crunch. This healthy dish can easily replace all other unhealthy snacks that kids binge on. Papad is unquestionably one of the most loved food items in an Indian meal. Giving not just crunch, but also a split open flavor to plate of mean. They are usually seasoned, containing a lip-smacking dose of masalas, herbs and other spices, which go very well with regular home-cooked meals, particularly dal-chawal. These crunchy thin crackers are supplements savored in most South Indian meals. On the other side, Papads are eaten as snacks or appetizers on the northern side of country. It goes well with drinks and mocktails. Masala Papad is a popular choice across the country. They can also be enjoyed as a snack in the evening with pickles, chutneys or sauces. Papad is often crushed and sprinkled on the rice. A traditional Indian thali, platter, marriages, parties, etc. always includes papad in their menu. "PAPAD" is often served as an appetizer; it is consumed in all parts of India and abroad. Badis, the dried and preserved food items usually fried and consumed as crunchy side-dish or as additives in curries throughout India, have a high demand. There was a time when women would prepare Badis only for their homely needs or personal liking. Today, women have chosen Badi-making as source of employment to supplement their family income.
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Portal

Portal is a web-based platform that collects information from different sources into a single user interface and presents users with the most relevant information for their context. Over time, simple web portals have evolved into portal platforms that support digital customer experience initiatives. Web portal helps in search navigation, personalization, notification and information integration, and often provides features like task management, collaboration, and business intelligence and application integration. Examples of portals, particularly those that use a login experience, abound in most industries: • Patient Portals • Government Portals • Intranets/Extranets/Workplace Portals • Knowledge Management Portals • Student Portals • Vendor Portals Today, the average user can address the problem of content discovery with search engines, which have become more adept at serving relevant results. This, plus the information sharing capabilities offered by social media, means that human-curated lists of information are not a necessary starting place for most users. However, the three distinguishing strengths of portals — integration, consistency and personalization — are essential components of an increasingly important part of business today: digital customer experience. Modern portal platforms can play an important role in customer engagement, especially when they have been extended with new features such as content management systems or marketing automation.
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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