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Best Business Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agriculture & Horticulture: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE

Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy is one of the most significant part of India. Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. About 65% of Indian population depends directly on agriculture and it accounts for around 22% of GDP. Agriculture derives its importance from the fact that it has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. The agriculture sector of India has occupied almost 43 percent of India's geographical area. Agriculture is still the only largest contributor to India's GDP even after a decline in the same in the agriculture share of India

RESOURCES

Out of the total geographical area of 55.673 lakh hectares, the area of operational holding is about 9.99 lakh hectares owned by 8.63 lakh farmers. The cultivated area in the State is only 10.4 per cent. About 80 per cent of the area is rain-fed. Rice, wheat and maize are important cereal crops of the State. Groundnut, soyabean and sunflower in kharif and rapeseed/mustard and toria are important oilseed crops in the rabi season. Urad, bean, moong, rajmah in kharif season and gram in rabi are the important pulse crops of the State. Maize is an important crop where surplus is available for processing.

The State has made significant progress in the development of horticulture. The topographical variations and altitudinal differences coupled with fertile, deep and well-drained soils favour the cultivation of temperate to sub tropical fruits. The main fruits under cultivation are apple, pear, peach, plum, apricot nut fruit, citrus fruits mango, litchi, guava and strawberry, etc. The region is also suitable for cultivation of ancillary horticultural produce like flowers, mushroom, honey, hops, tea, medicinal and aromatic plants, etc.

Agriculture, being the main occupation of the people of Himachal Pradesh, has an important role in the economy of the State. It provides direct employment to about 71 per cent of the main working population. Income from the agriculture and allied sector accounts for nearly 21.7 per cent of the total State Domestic Product.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the State Industrial Policy, numbers of incentives are available to the investors in food processing industry. Processing industries of ginger, potato and vegetables in valley areas have great investment scope. Besides, the temperate climate of the State is quite suitable for production of disease free seed. The Government is encouraging private sector participation for exploitation of vast seed production potential.

The National Policy on Agriculture seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation. Over the next two decades, it aims to attain:

•        A growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector;

•        Growth that is based on efficient use of resources and conserves our soil, water and bio-diversity;

•        Growth with equity, i.e., growth which is widespread across regions and farmers;

•        Growth that is demand driven and caters to domestic markets and maximises benefits from exports of agricultural products in the face of the challenges arising from economic liberalization and globalisation;

•        Growth that is sustainable technologically, environmentally and economically.

The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally non-degrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources - land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE:

Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bio products. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. The Biotechnology sector in India is one of the fastest growing sectors of the Indian Economy. As the sector is mainly based on knowledge, it is expected that it will play an important part in shaping the Indian Economy, which is developing at a rapid pace. The Indian Biotechnology sector holds immense potential in terms of research and development, skill and cost effectiveness.

RESOURCES:

Himachal has the potential to develop various types of industries using raw material base of fruits, vegetables, high value cash crops and other naturally growing herbal plants. These industries can be in the following: bio-pharmaceuticals, phytochemicals, bio-prospecting, fermentation, post-harvest processing, bio-processing, pharmaceuticals, biochemical, genetically engineered micro-organisms, enzyme production, environment protection and animal husbandry etc.

Biotechnology as a tool has helped in recovery of degraded ecosystem. Some of the methods based on plant biotechnology include reforestation involving micro propagation and use of mycorrhizae. Micro propagation has resulted in increasing the plant cover and thus preventing erosion and giving a climatic stability.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Efforts for establishing Biotechnology Parks with a mission to convert Himachal into 'Herbal Bio business Valley' are at advanced stages. The setting up of BT Parks in Himachal endeavours to create favourable environment for developing a strong BT-based industry as a business entrepreneurship to push the State at centre stage of progress in a short time. The main objectives of the policy are to:-

•        Upgrade infrastructural support to R&D Institutions to generate highly skilled human resource in biotechnology

•        Intensify R&D work in potential areas of biotechnology, including agriculture, animal husbandry, human health, etc

•        Conserve and commercially exploit bio resources of the State for sustainable development

•        Attract entrepreneurs for setting up of biotechnology based industries in the State

•        Promote diversified farming of high value cash crops, conservation and commercial exploitation of bio resources

•        Provide suitable institutional framework to achieve these objectives.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

Textile industry in Himachal Pradesh has grown at 12.78% CAGR (2002-2005). Textile industry in Himachal Pradesh is mainly focussed on spinning yarns. A few companies such as Vardhman are also engaged in weaving and dyeing. Handloom and carpet weaving have mainly developed as small scale industries.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

Pharmaceuticals: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Pharmaceutical industry in India is the world's third-largest in terms of volume and stands 14th in terms of value. The Indian pharmaceuticals market is expected to reach US$ 55 billion in 2020 from US$ 12.6 billion in 2009. The pharmaceutical industry in India meets around 70% of the country's demand for bulk drugs, drug intermediates, pharmaceutical formulations, chemicals, tablets, capsules, orals and injectibles. There are about 250 large units and about 8000 Small Scale Units, which form the core of the pharmaceutical industry in India (including 5 Central Public Sector Units).

RESOURCES:

Himachal Pradesh is emerging as the pharmaceutical manufacturing hub of the country. Almost all the leading pharmaceuticals majors have set up their units in our state or are in process of setting of units. Most of the pharmaceuticals companies setting up unit in Himachal Pradesh. HP is becoming a hub for pharmaceuticals manufacturing companies, with over 300 pharmaceuticals firms setting up units there. Pharmaceuticals companies waiting in the wings to set up units in HP include majors such as Ranbaxy, Cipla, Dr Reddy's, Nicolos Piramal and Dabur, among others.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Industrial licensing for the manufacture of all drugs and pharmaceuticals has been abolished except for bulk drugs produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, bulk drugs requiring in-vivo use of nucleic acids, and specific cell/tissue targeted formulations.

•        Reservation of 5 drugs for manufacture by the public sector only was abolished in Feb. 1999, thus opening them up for manufacture by the private sector also.

•        Foreign investment through automatic route was raised from 51% to 74% in March, 2000 and the same has been raised to 100%.

•        Automatic approval for Foreign Technology Agreements is being given in the case of all bulk drugs, their intermediates and formulations except those produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, for which the procedure prescribed by the Government would be followed.

•        Drugs and pharmaceuticals manufacturing units in the public sector are being allowed to face competition including competition from imports. Wherever possible, these units are being privatized.

•        Extending the facility of weighted deductions of 150% of the expenditure on in-house research and development to cover as eligible expenditure, the expenditure on filing patents, obtaining regulatory approvals and clinical trials besides R&D in biotechnology.

•        Introduction of the Patents (Second Amendment) bill in the Parliament. It, inter-alia, provides for the extension in the life of a patent to 20 years.

 

Cement: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

The cement industry presents one of the most energy-intensive sectors within the Indian economy and is therefore of particular interest in the context of both local and global environmental discussions. Increases in productivity through the adoption of more efficient and cleaner technologies in the manufacturing sector will be effective in merging economic, environmental, and social development objectives. The Indian cement industry is highly fragmented with the top few accounting for more than 50% of the industry capacity. The rest is distributed among the large number of small players. The cement industry in India has come forward as the second largest in the world, showing a total capacity of around 230 MT (including mini plants). However, on account of low per capita consumption of cement in the country (156 kg/year as compared to world average of 260 kg) there is still a huge potential for growth of the industry.

RESOURCES:

Himachal Pradesh has ample supply of quality limestone. State exports approximately half of the cement production to other states. The annual cement production of Himachal Pradesh is likely to increase further with the commissioning of a new facility in 2015. Already, the state is producing more than 9 million tonnes of cement. Three new cement plants have been approved. The major companies are Larsen and Toubro, Grasim industries and Harish Chandra limited

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government of India has set ambitious plans to increase the production of cement in the country, and to attain the target the government has made huge investments in the sector. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls under the central Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is the agency that is responsible for the development of the cement industry in the country. The agency is actively involved in keeping track of the performance of cement companies in the country and provides assistance and suitable incentives when required by the company. The department is also involved in framing and administering the industrial policy for foreign direct investments in the sector. Apart from formulating policies, the department also promotes the industry to attract new foreign investments in the sector.

 

Livestock: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE:

Livestock sector plays a critical role in the welfare of India's rural population. It contributes nine percent to Gross Domestic Product and employs eight percent of the labour force. This sector is emerging as an important growth leverage of the Indian economy. As a component of agricultural sector, its share in gross domestic product has been rising gradually, while that of crop sector has been on the decline. In recent years, livestock output has grown at a rate of about 5 percent a year, higher than the growth in agricultural sector.

RESOURCES:

Livestock keeping is very common in Himachal Pradesh. 19 out of every 20 households keep at least one of the species of livestock. Bovine is most common species, of the total households in Himachal Pradesh 91.39 % have bovine. Goat is next important livestock in the state. Nearly one fourth of the total household’s rear goat. Similarly two out of every fine household keeps a sheep. Households keeping poultry accounted for 5.54% of the total households in the state.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Improve staff skills in management, working with communities and additional skills in project planning, implementation monitoring/evaluation and documentation and enhance the effectiveness of services, through development of process and organization skills within staff along with strong technical knowledge. 

•        Set up a HID Cell to function as a planning and monitoring hub for AHD personnel and their professional development for the department.

•        Establish functional linkages through a supportive administrative framework to further the objectives of the livestock sector policy with important line departments like Panchayati Raj, Rural Development, Health Care and Agriculture along with NGOs and CBOs down to the village level.

•        Set up an empowered  decentralized district  Level  Committee  on livestock resource  development to  disseminate   breeding  and  animal  health  services  in the districts and monitor the development and funds generated.

Most importantly the policy itself speaks of poverty reduction as one of its primary goals and envisions livestock sector growth with a human face. The draft policy has a renewed focus on improving the livelihood and self-reliance of the poor and other underprivileged sections of the rural society through sustainable development of the sector.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Himachal Pradesh has a natural advantage for the development of tourism as an industry. The State has a rich treasure of places of pilgrimage and anthropological value. It is endowed with geographical and cultural diversity, clean, peaceful and beautiful environment. It has also the pride of being the home to Rishies like Vyas, Prashar,Vashist, Markandey and Lamas, etc. Hot water springs, historic forts, forests, mountains, rivers and rivulets, natural and man-made lakes, etc. are sources of immense pleasure and joy to the tourists. The tribal areas of Himachal Pradesh are known for natural beauty and have recently been opened up to foreign tourists. Tourism industry has been given very high priority and the Government has developed appropriate infrastructure for its development, which includes provision of public utility services, roads, communication network, airports, transport facilities, water supply, civic amenities, etc.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

After its success in banning plastic bags in the state, Himachal Pradesh government would be considering imposing ban on use of plastic disposables – cups, plates and glasses – to further strengthen the movement of protecting environment from non-biodegradable products. The State Government in a major move decided to employ a proven environment friendly technology, which uses recycled plastic in the bitumen mixture for roads and the outcome has been encouraging. Himachal Pradesh State Pollution Control Board constructed a stretch of road of approximately 800 meters by using approx. 530 Kg of shredded plastic waste between Tutu-Jubbar Hatti airport in collaboration n with Public Works Department and Municipal Corporation. The waste plastic such as carry bags, disposable cups, and thermocoles, laminated plastics like pouches of chips, pan masala, aluminium foil, and packaging material used for biscuits, chocolates, milk, grocery etc was used in the road construction.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Azodicarbonamide Using Urea & Hydrazine Hydrate

Azolodicarbonamide, commonly known as ADCA, ADA, or azo(bis)formamide, is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C2H4O2N4. It's a crystalline powder that ranges in colour from yellow to orange-red and has no odour. It's also referred to as a "yoga mat" chemical because of its widespread use in foamed polymers. Biurea is produced in two stages by treating urea with hydrazine. Azoldicarbonamide is most typically employed as a blowing agent in the production of foamed polymers. During the thermal breakdown of azodicarbonamide, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and ammonia gases are formed, and they are trapped in the polymer as bubbles to form a foamed product. Doughs created with ADA-treated flours are more cohesive and dryer than doughs made with chlorine dioxide. These dried doughs are more resistant to absorption, retain more gas, and have better machining properties. Bread baked with ADA-treated flour has a higher loaf volume, a better grain texture, and a better exterior look. Azolodicarbonamide had no influence on the onset of rancidity in flour. Natural or supplemented vitamins are unaffected by Azoldicarbonamide. The global azodicarbonamide market is expected to grow over the forecast period due to rising demand for high-quality plastic and rubber parts for everyday use. It is used in the chemical industry for a variety of purposes, including strengthening, softening, and imparting flexibility to the substance with which it is mixed. It's commonly utilised in the production of foam-based plastics including toys, sports shoes, shoe soles, and floor mats. Azodicarbonamide is a crystalline powder that has a yellow to orange red colour, is odourless, and has a yellow to orange red colour. It's used as a foaming agent, a blowing agent, and a food additive, among other things. Yoga mats, for example, are generally made of rubber and plastic. Bakers utilise it as a commercial whitening conditioner for bread dough as a result. It's used as a blowing agent in plastics, synthetic leather, and other industries. The reaction temperature of pure azodicarbonamide is usually around 200 °C. When used for plastics, leather, and other applications, it has additives that intensify the reaction or allow it to react at lower temperatures. As a food ingredient, it's utilised as a flour bleaching agent and a dough conditioner. As an oxidising agent, it reacts with damp flour. Two further reaction products are semicarbazide and ethyl carbamate. Few Indian Major Players 1. Demaco Polymers Ltd. 2. H P L Additives Ltd. 3. Haryana Polymers Ltd.
Plant capacity: Azodicarbonamide Powder 40 MT Per Day Ammonia 10.6 MT Per Day Hydrochloric Acid (38% Conc.) 20.1 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 1951 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 3109 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Production of Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Multilayer

Nearly a century ago, the PCB, or Printed Circuit Board, was conceived as a method to avoid these intricate wirings. Electric components on the PCB are connected via copper rails constructed by hand or designed in the computer using various methods. It also provides mechanical support and layer isolation for the components. Between two or more etched and laminated copper sheets on the PCB, a non-conductive substrate serves as an isolation layer. The most popular types of PCBs are single-layer, double-layer, and multi-layer. Any electronic or electrical device's foundation is the printed circuit board (PCB). A PCB connects electronic components such as resistors, capacitors, coils, pots, diodes, FETs, transistors, ICs, and transformers to make a complete electronic circuit. Electrical equipment in today's world would be impossible to imagine without a PCB. PCBs help to reduce the size and efficiency of electronic equipment by providing connectivity between electronic components. Printed circuit boards are divided into two categories: single layer PCBs and multi-layer PCBs. To mechanically support and electrically link electrical or electronic components, a printed circuit board (PCB) uses conductive rails, pads, and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper bonded onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate. To link components electrically and mechanically, they are frequently soldered to the PCB. The Printed Circuit Board market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 5.3 percent from 2021 to 2026, reaching $72.3 billion. Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are the foundation of almost all modern electronic devices. Transistors, resistors, PLCs, electrolytic capacitors, and integrated circuits are all connected by printed paths on PCBs. The PCB is used in automotive applications such as power relays, antilock brake systems, digital displays, audio systems, engine timing systems, battery control systems, and more. Printed circuit boards are used in a variety of ways in the automotive industry, and they have changed the way people drive. The need for PCBs is increasing as more vehicle owners and drivers seek extra accessories. A automobile or truck's printed circuit board must be highly sturdy and reliable. Few Indian Major Players 1. Anand Electronics &Inds. Pvt. Ltd. 2. B L G Electronics Ltd. 3. Centum Electronics Ltd. 4. Epitome Components Pvt. Ltd. 5. Frontline Electronics Ltd. 6. Hi-Rel Components (India) Ltd. 7. Infopower Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Standard Printed Circuit Board (FR4, HDI, High-TG, Thick Copper and Halogen-free) 60Sq.Mt. Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 1258 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1894 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Drinking Water with Packaging in Aluminium Beverage Cans (Mineral, Carbonated, Alkaline)

Water, which is a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, is a priceless natural gift that is essential for the survival of both humans and animals. Contaminants should not be present in water that is used for drinking. Untreated water from wells, boreholes, and springs is frequently filthy and dangerous to drink. Purifying water and making it available in sanitary conditions for human use is thus both desirable and necessary. Drinking water is defined as water that is safe to drink or use for food preparation. Depending on physical activity, age, health-related illnesses, and environmental factors, the amount of drinking water required to keep healthy varies. In affluent countries, even though only a small portion of tap water is consumed or used in food preparation, it usually fulfils drinking water quality criteria. Laundry, toilets, and irrigation are other typical uses. The World Health Organization considers safe drinking water to be a basic human right. Mineral water is water that contains salts and sulphur compounds, among other minerals, and comes from a mineral spring. Depending on whether or not extra gases are present, mineral water is usually either still or sparkling (carbonated/effervescent). Mineral waters were traditionally utilised or sipped at spas, baths, or wells near their spring sources, a practise known as "taking the waters" or "taking the remedies." Carbonated water (also known as sparkling water, fizzy water, club soda, and water with gas) is water that contains dissolved carbon dioxide gas, either naturally or artificially pumped under pressure. Carbonation causes little bubbles to form, giving the water an effervescent appearance. Natural mineral water, club soda, and sparkling water from a bottle are all popular choices. Minerals like potassium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium citrate, and potassium sulphate are added to club soda and sparkling mineral water, as well as a variety of other sparkling beverages. From 2021 to 2028, the global bottled water market is expected to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.1 percent. Portability, ease of use and installation, and minimal maintenance costs will be key factors propelling the market in the coming years. Furthermore, rising consumer awareness of the health benefits of consuming bottled water is likely to drive market growth throughout the forecast period. Still and sparkling water, both plain and flavoured, have become extremely popular beverages on a global scale in recent years. This is a new megatrend that will likely gain traction in the next years. As people become more cognizant of their health, they are opting for packaged water and minimising their intake of sugary drinks. Still, bottled water usage has risen in food establishments and restaurants, fueling industry growth. Few Indian Major Players 1. Aradhana Snack Foods Co. Pvt. Ltd. 2. Bhagyalaxmi Mineral Water Pvt. Ltd. 3. Chouksey Agro Pvt. Ltd. 4. Geo Aquatech Ltd. 5. Himalayan Oasis & Beverages Pvt. Ltd. 6. Ice Berg Foods Ltd.
Plant capacity: Mineral Water 2,000 Cans Per Day Carbonated Water 2,000 Cans Per Day Alkaline Water 2,000 Cans Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 186 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 417 Lakhs
Return: 22.00%Break even: 61.00%
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Growing Demand of Rice Husk based Biodegradable Cutlery

People around the world have been early adopters of biodegradable cutlery, which has emerged as a preferable alternative to plastics. Plant biomass resources such as bagasse, rice husk, coconut coir, and others are being used to create environmentally friendly cutlery, tableware, and packaging products that are predicted to gain popularity in the coming decade. Rice husk is a surprising robust substance that can withstand a lot of wear and is long-lasting. Rice husk cutlery is one of the most durable biodegradable silverware options, withstanding temperatures of over 100 degrees Celsius without injury. The finish on this reusable tableware is smooth and shiny, and it's made entirely of natural wax. Knives, forks, chip forks, coffee stirrers, spoons, and teaspoons are all part of the Biodegradable Silverware collection of biodegradable silverware. The items, which come from well-known brands like Plastico and Vegware, are all food-grade and constructed of renewable resources. Biodegradable cutlery is made from a range of natural materials that are completely compostable and biodegradable, such as sugarcane bagasse, bamboo, paper pulp, palm leaves, agricultural waste, and other disposable materials (cornstarch-based PLA plastic is also a sustainable alternative but is not capable of breaking down on its own in normal conditions). • 100 percent environmentally friendly: Rice husk is a green and healthy alternative to disposable plastic cutlery because it is made from industrial waste and is biodegradable. • Fairly Durable and Reusable: Depending on temperature and upkeep, rice husk cutlery can last up to three years. As a result, these flatware pieces are ideal for parties, quick-service restaurants, and restaurants. • Heat and Cold Resistant: Rice husk cutlery does not melt when exposed to intense heat, unlike plastic silverware. This means they'll last longer than the disposable plastic ones. You can even warm them up in the microwave! • Perfect for Picnics, Travel, and Work: People can now enjoy their food without feeling guilty about using disposable flatware, which is perfect for picnics, travel, and work. Biodegradable cutlery has inspired a groundswell of interest among people all over the world due to compelling environmental concerns. To that end, biodegradable utensils are gaining popularity due to their increased durability over plastic cutlery, as well as the enormous environmental friendliness of biodegradable materials. Biodegradable cutlery constructed of plant-based materials, as well as biodegradable bio-plastics, have sparked widespread interest. Several countries have made concerted attempts over the years to promote awareness about the disposability of a variety of biodegradable cutlery items. In addition, the biodegradable cutlery industry has improved in terms of teaching end users on suitable processes and limits. The most popular materials used in eco-friendly cutlery are corn, areca leaves, bagasse, and rice husk. Over time, the remains of fast-growing trees have been employed. The global biodegradable cutlery market was worth USD 33.9 million in 2018, and it is predicted to grow at a 5.9% CAGR between 2019 and 2025. Market growth is expected to be boosted by rising public awareness of the detrimental impacts of non-biodegradable garbage. Non-biodegradable plastic has been outlawed by the government, with strict controls in place. Growth is likely to be fueled by government efforts that promote the business, as well as growing consumer awareness of the harmful implications of non-biodegradables.
Plant capacity: Biodegradable Cutlery (Per Set 6 Pcs. Flatware) 1,852 Sets per dayPlant & machinery: Rs. 29 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 135 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 67.00%
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Residential Apartments

Residential apartments are a type of housing with a lot of room for expansion. The name "house" is a little misleading. The meaning of the word "same" has evolved over time and between countries. The Indian census of 1981 used the following definition. Distinct classes of individuals have different housing needs, which are dictated by the individual's financial and social standing. A affluent family, for example, may desire a magnificent structure, whilst a poor family may be content with a single room residence. A typical residential bungalow building has a drawing room, dining room, office, guest room, kitchen, store, pantry, dressing room, bathroom, front verandah, and stairs, among other features. Depending on the demands of many available, the number of rooms in other residences can be lowered. Flat Essentials – - 24-Hour Security – All security-related services should be provided to make life in a residential apartment safe. - Multi-level Parking - This decreases the amount of space needed in the park to park cars and other vehicles. - Central air conditioning - Depending on the project area's environment and weather, this may be available. The residential complexes, which are built on large lands and have a well-developed infrastructure to enhance living style, include power backup, the latest firefighting devices, auto door elevators, freight lifts, Earthquake resistant building, 24-hour water supply, and auto elevators. Suburbs have sprung up in recent years as a result of the city's growing population, housing shortages, and overcrowding. To alleviate the housing issue and provide a greater standard of living for all members of society, residential zones are now being developed. Residents who live in apartments have the feeling of living in the country while yet having access to all of the city's amenities. One of the key advantages of investing in these projects over investing in the city is the cheap cost of entry. The majority of projects are being constructed outside of the city centre, giving the developer a land cost advantage. These are considered a low-risk investment with a larger upside potential due to their diversification and low entry cost. Few Indian Major Players 1. A S V Constructions Pvt. Ltd. 2. B Engineers & Builders Ltd. 3. Cybercity Builders & Developers Pvt. Ltd. 4. D L F Builders & Developers Pvt. Ltd. 5. Era Housing & Developers (India) Ltd. 6. Futuretech Constructions & Precast Pvt. Ltd. 7. G K S Housing Ltd. 8. International Biotech Park Ltd.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 13771 Cr.
Return: 8.94%Break even: 0.89%
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Production Business of Ethanol from Maize

Ethanol is frequently manufactured via fermentation from biological feedstocks. Throughout these processes, monosaccharides are fermented to ethanol by yeast or bacteria. Carbohydrate-containing feedstocks that create monosaccharides for fermentation include corn grain, sugarcane, wheat, sugar beet, and other biomass. Ethanol, usually referred to as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol, or grain alcohol, is a colourless, flammable, and mildly toxic chemical compound present in alcoholic beverages. In ordinary speech, it is frequently referred to as "alcohol." Its chemical formula, as well as its empiric name, include EtOH, CH3CH2OH, and C2H5OH. Since prehistoric times, carbohydrates have been fermented to make ethanol. This method still produces all of the ethanol for drinking and more than half of the ethanol used in industry. Simple sugars are the raw material. Simple carbohydrates are converted to ethanol and carbon dioxide by the yeast enzyme zymase. Alcoholic liquids such as beer, wine, and spirits contain ethanol when diluted. It is used as a topical ingredient in pharmaceutical preparations (such as rubbing compounds, lotions, tonics, and colognes), cosmetics, and perfumes to prevent skin infections. Ethanol is used in fuels labelled as ethanol blended fuels as an industrial solvent for fats, oils, waxes, resins, and hydrocarbons. It is used to make a variety of chemical compounds, lacquers, plastics and plasticizers, rubber and rubber accelerators, aerosols, mouthwash products, soaps and cleaning preparations, polishes, surface coatings, dyes, inks, adhesives, preservatives, pesticides, explosives, petrol additives/substitutes, elastomers, antifreeze, yeast growth medium, human and veterinary medicines, and dehydrating agents. One of the most promising ethanol crops is maize. It generates maize grain, which is then converted to ethanol. Maize ethanol holds potential not only in terms of converting the grain to ethanol, but also in terms of applying cellulose conversion technology on the pericarp that covers the grain. Pretreatment and hydrolysis of cellulose allow cellulose conversion to be extended to other parts of the maize plant, such as corn Stover (cobs, stalks, and leaves). Significant increases in ethanol yield per acre of corn produced can be achieved if biomass from maize residue is utilised for ethanol production. To solve this difficulty, a quantitative analysis of mass balance was carried out. Corn cobs, stalks, and leaves can be converted to fermentable sugars using cellulose processing technology, which comprises pretreatment, hydrolysis, and fermentation with yeast or other microbes. Unlike grain-based feedstocks, cellulose-based ethanol requires microorganisms capable of producing ethanol from both glucose and xylose. Corn grain has a lot of starch, which following pretreatment (heating in water) and hydrolysis quickly breaks down into monosaccharides. Cecanis, a distinct form of glucanis, can also be found in the cob, stem, and leaves. The India ethanol market is predicted to grow from $ 2.50 billion in 2018 to $ 7.38 billion by 2024, with a CAGR of 14.50 percent from 2019 to 2024, owing to growing ethanol usage in sectors such as fuel additives and drinks. Ethanol is a common alcoholic beverage that comes in many different forms, including beer, cider, wine, spirits, and ale. The Indian government is pushing sugar producers in India to generate ethanol for Oil Marketing Companies in an attempt to reduce the country's reliance on imported crude oil (OMCs). Ethanol production will likely increase three to fivefold in the future to meet demand for its 20% Fuel Blending Program (FBP). Factors like as rising alcohol use, changing lifestyles, and the growing influence of western culture are projected to drive ethanol demand in the country. Few Indian Major Players 1. A K C Developers Ltd 2. Bharat Renewable Energy Ltd. 3. Costal Energy Ltd. 4. First Energy Pvt. Ltd. 5. K B K Chem-Engineering Pvt. Ltd. 6. P S A Nitrogen Ltd. 7. Rattan Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: Ethanol 60 KLtrs per day Plant & machinery: Rs. 49 Cr.
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 80 Cr.
Return: 24.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Haemodialysis Solution B.P. and Erilite-Bicarb(Part-B)

When a person's kidneys aren't working properly, haemodialysis, often known as hemodialysis or simply dialysis, is used to clear their blood. This form of dialysis achieves the extracorporeal elimination of waste products such as creatinine and urea as well as free water from the blood when the kidneys are in a state of renal failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement therapies. Apheresis is a method for separating blood components such as plasma or cells outside of the body. The kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood and removing waste and excess fluid. Hemodialysis is a process that employs a machine to replace some of the functions of your kidneys if they have failed. Outpatient haemodialysis and inpatient haemodialysis are both options. Routine hemodialysis is done in a dialysis outpatient facility, which can be a standalone clinic or a specially designed unit within a hospital. Home haemodialysis is a less popular method of dialysis. At a clinic, dialysis treatments are initiated and managed by specialised staff made up of nurses and technicians; at home, dialysis treatments can be self-initiated and managed or done jointly with the support of a qualified helper, who is often a family member. A dry powdered Bicarb (Part-B) dry Bicarbonate concentration is available in India. To improve bicarbonate diffusion and act as a pH buffer to neutralise metabolic acidosis, which is common in these patients, bicarbonate levels in dialysis solutions are somewhat higher than normal blood levels. For patients who require dialysis on a short-term basis, as well as those patients who require maintenance dialysis, haemodialysis is the chosen renal replacement therapy. It removes solutes effectively and quickly. A nephrologist (a medical kidney specialist) makes the decision whether hemodialysis is required, as well as the numerous factors for dialysis treatment. The number of treatments per week, the length of each treatment, the flow rates of blood and dialysis solution, and the dialyzer size are all considerations to consider. The levels of sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate in the dialysis solution are occasionally changed. Haemodialysis can be performed in a hospital, at home, or in a dialysis machine that stands alone (also known as satellite units). In hospitals and satellite units, nurses and dialysis aides assist with treatment; at home, you or someone else must learn how to operate the equipment. Although one may feel fatigued after a dialysis session, because haemodialysis is only done three times a week, the days in between may allow for some regular activity, however dietary and fluid restrictions are usually required. Few Indian Major Players 1. Baxter Pharmaceuticals India Pvt. Ltd. 2. Fresenius Kabi India Pvt. Ltd. 3. Medtronic Engineering & Innovation Center Pvt. Ltd. 4. Poly Medicure Ltd.
Plant capacity: Haemodialysis Solution B.P. Grade 2,000 Units Per Day Erilite-Bicarb (Part-B) each Pack 4.063 Kgs 40 Units Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 25 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 153 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 61.00%
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Manufacturing Industry of Collagen Powder

Collagen is the most abundant protein in human bodies, accounting for around one-third of all protein. It's found in bones, skin, muscles, tendons, and ligaments, among other places. Collagen is found in a variety of biological structures, including blood vessels, corneas, and teeth. It functions as the "glue" that holds everything together. The word "kolla" comes from the Greek word "kolla," which literally means "glue." Collagen is a fibrous protein that is found in the majority of connective tissue in animals, including tendons, cartilage, bones, teeth, skin, and blood vessels. Collagen is a high-value substance generated from waste source materials like unused mammalian skins. It is usually used as a structural protein to provide biological structures strength, although it has a variety of activities depending on where it is located in the body. These days, collagen supplements come in a variety of formats. They may be given in tablet or powder form, depending on the preferences of the customer. Collagen can be derived from a number of different sources. It comprises both animal-derived and vegetarian collagen (animal parts, fish scales, bones, skin, and so on) (produced from genetically engineered yeast and bacteria). Collagen powder has a variety of uses and benefits, including the following: - Brain and Memory Support - Marine collagen has been discovered to include around 20 amino acid peptides, as well as many minerals, that aid in brain and memory support. Arginine, glycine, methionine, threonine, tyrosine, and tryptophan are amino acids that help improve human neurological processes. - Antioxidant Function - Antioxidants included in marine collagen help to reduce inflammation. - Regeneration and Tissue Engineering - Salmon skin collagen works as a scaffold for bone regeneration when combined with hydroxyapatite. Collagen supplements are dietary supplements used to supplement a collagen-deficient diet. They're mostly comprised of bones and skin from animals and fish. Pills, candy, powder, and liquids are just a few of the various options. Collagen supplements are available all around the world and do not require a prescription from a doctor. Collagen supplements are popular among bodybuilders and regular exercisers since they help to maintain skin and bone health. The market is expected to be valued USD 8.67 billion in 2021. The global collagen market is expected to develop at a compound annual growth rate of 9.0 percent from 2020 to 2028, reaching USD 16.7 billion. A multitude of health and beauty benefits associated to collagen supplement use have fueled the growth of the collagen supplement industry. Collagen supplements, for example, promote skin health by reducing dryness and wrinkles. It also aids in muscular development, bone health, and joint pain relief. Few Indian Major Players 1. Baxter Pharmaceuticals India Pvt. Ltd. 2. Fresenius Kabi India Pvt. Ltd. 3. Medtronic Engineering & Innovation Center Pvt. Ltd. 4. Poly Medicure Ltd.
Plant capacity: Collagen Powder 500 Kg. Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 1178 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1935 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Business Plan for Starting Animal Feed Production (Cattle, Poultry Broiler, Pig & Fish Feed). Rising Demand of Livestock Feed Business.

Animal feed is food given to domestic animals, especially livestock, in the course of animal husbandry. There are two basic types: fodder and forage. Used alone, the word feed more often refers to fodder. Animal feed is an important input to animal agriculture, and is frequently the main cost of the raising animals. Farms typically try to reduce cost for this food, by growing their own, grazing animals, or supplementing expensive feeds with substitutes, such as food waste like spent grain from beer brewing. Animals in general require the same nutrients as humans. Some feeds, such as pasture grasses, hay and silage crops, and certain cereal grains, are grown specifically for animals. Other feeds, such as sugar beet pulp, brewers’ grains, and pineapple bran, are by-products that remain after a food crop has been processed for human use. Surplus food crops, such as wheat, other cereals, fruits, vegetables, and roots, may also be fed to animals. Feeding livestock is an important part of modern agricultural production. In addition to providing a supply of high-quality protein for human consumption, livestock provide services in reducing erosion and soil compaction caused by overgrazing and in nutrient cycling. However, crop yields are much lower when nutrients from manure are recycled through crops because crops also use nitrogen from soil organic matter that has accumulated due to recycling. This means that fields must be fertilized with mineral fertilizer which loses its efficacy after several years. Because of these concerns about mineral fertilizer overuse, it may be more efficient to produce livestock products than plant products for human consumption. In general though animal feed will consist of four main ingredients: protein-rich components such as oil seeds or soybeans; carbohydrate-rich components such as maize or barley; fibre sources such as wheat bran or cassava root; and roughage in the form of hay, silage or straw. The animal feed market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 4.90% to reach US$460.322 billion by 2026, from US$345.434 billion in 2020. Animal feeds are referred to as those products which are responsible for improving animals’ health. The feed is given in various doses depending on the animal. Rapid urbanization and growing consumption of meat and other end products such as milk and eggs across different regions are driving the animal feed market growth opportunities during the forecast period. The feed helps in enhancing the animal's abilities by providing enriched nutrients along with the feedstuff, accelerating growth and weight gain, and developing immunity. Outbursts of diseases in animals are a major factor contributing to the increasing adoption of animal feed as it enhances the health of the animals and in proper regulation of the food chain. High growth in the animal feed market is aided by the growth strategies of major players in the form of expansions and investments, which also helps in enhancing the product portfolio and reaching out to new target markets. Furthermore, the growing livestock population along with the shift from unorganized livestock farming to the organized sector is further expected to propel the market growth opportunities in the coming years. However, the high price volatility of raw materials is expected to hinder the growth of the market during the forecast period.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Investment Opportunities in Production Business of Solar Inverter. Fastest-Growing Industry of Renewable Energy.

Solar sine wave inverters are an electronic device for converting direct current (DC) from a solar array into alternating current (AC) which can be used in homes and business. A photovoltaic panel is a series of solar cells that generate DC power directly from sunlight. DC power is then converted into AC using a sine wave inverter, usually mounted on or near to your electrical breaker box. These sine wave inverters vary in sizes from 50W to over 1KW and above. For example, 100 KVA-1000 KVA of size is generally used in large scale Solar Power Plants while 50W-200W would be good enough for residential systems of average house hold needs. A solar sine wave inverter is a device that converts Direct Current (DC) to Alternating Current (AC), thereby permitting utilization of solar energy in homes, industries and power grids. Solar sine wave inverters have been specifically designed to be installed with all types of photovoltaic panels. Apart from being a green technology, these inverters also feature zero emissions and a much longer lifespan than traditional electricity generating devices. There are several advantages of using solar sine wave inverters in your commercial or industrial setup. A sine wave inverter converts direct current (DC) from a solar panel to alternating current (AC). Direct current is used to charge batteries, but for use in your home or business, you need an AC generator. A sine wave inverter makes it possible for DC power from a solar electric system to be converted into AC power that can be used in a home or business. The global Solar Inverter market size is projected to reach USD 26650 million by 2026, from USD 14600 million in 2019, at a CAGR of 8.9% during 2021-2026. Major factors driving the growth of Solar inverter market size are large inflow of investments in the renewable energy sector, increase in favorable government initiatives and rise in the number of residential solar rooftop installations. Growing demand for renewable energy due to an increase in power consumption along with a decline in the cost of producing renewable energy is expected to drive the growth of solar inverter market size during the forecast period. The cost of producing renewable energy has undergone a very steep decline and is now competitive in meeting the increasing power need. Favorable government initiatives like energy-saving certificates are expected to augment the growth of solar inverter market size. Furthermore, governments across the globe are concentrating on infrastructure growth in their countries to boost the quality of life of their people. The use of solar inverters is further promoted by the growing impact of greenhouse gases and rising environmental problems. Increasing awareness about global warming is expected to boost the solar inverter market growth. Some initiatives by Government of India to boost India’s renewable energy sector are as follows: • In July 2021, to encourage rooftop solar (RTS) throughout the country, notably in rural regions, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy plans to undertake Rooftop Solar Programme Phase II, which aims to install RTS capacity of 4,000 MW in the residential sector by 2022 with a provision of subsidy. • To encourage domestic production, customs duty on solar inverters has been increased from 5% to 20%, and on solar lanterns from 5% to 15%. • India plans to add 30 GW of renewable energy capacity along a desert on its western border such as Gujarat and Rajasthan. • Delhi Government decided to shut down thermal power plant in Rajghat and develop it into 5,000 KW solar park • The Government of India has announced plans to implement a US$ 238 million National Mission on advanced ultra-supercritical technologies for cleaner coal utilization. Key Players: • ABB • SMA Solar Technology • Canadian Solar • SolarEdge Technologies • SunPower • Delta Electronics • Solectria Renewables • Sineng Electric • Hitachi Hi-Rel Power Electronics • Power electronics
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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