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Best Business Opportunities in Gujarat - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship

Gas & Petroleum: Project Opportunities in Gujarat



The Oil Industry is a very important industry in the world and a lot depends on the price of the oil and it has been observed that whenever the oil prices increase the price of various products also increases. Oil and gas sector is one of the key catalysts in fuelling the growth of Indian economy. With a 1.2 billion population and an economy that has consistently at approximately 8 per cent annually, India's energy needs are increasing fast, warranting a robust demand for oil and natural gas in the country. India has emerged as the 5th largest refining country in the world, accounting for 4 per cent of the world's refining capacity. India exported 50 million tonnes (MT) of refined petroleum products during 2010-11. With our refining capacity increasing further, this figure is likely to touch about 70 MT by 2014, making India one of the world major exporters of petroleum products.


Gujarat State is rich in the hydrocarbon resources and is the largest on land producer of oil and gas in country. Gujarat contributes about 18% of country’s total crude oil production. Similarly it contributes about 11% of country’s total gas production. If we compare on land crude production then it is almost 50% of crude and 40% of natural gas from the Gujarat State. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd (GSPC) is an oil and gas exploration company in Gujarat, India. It is India's only State Government-owned oil and Gas Company with the Government of Gujarat holding approximately 95% equity stake. GSPC was incorporated in 1979 as a petrochemical company. Today GSPC has become a vertically integrated energy company, excelling in a wide gamut of hydrocarbon activities across India. The largest gas grid will generate opportunities for transmission and distribution of natural gas to domestic and industrial users. Three LNG terminals coming up in the state will provide the fuel for growth. Refineries and petrochemical complexes in operation, invites investment in downstream projects.



The oil ministry has empowered state-run exploration firms ONGC and Oil India to choose customers for gas produced from small fields where output is less than 0.1 million standard cubic meters per day, which would reduce bureaucratic delays and help companies generate revenue expeditiously. Oil India Limited (OIL), a Government of India Enterprise, under the administrative set-up of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, is engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. The growing demand for crude oil and gas in the country and policy initiative of Government of India towards increased E&P  activity, have given a great impetus to the Indian E&P industry raising hopes of increased exploration. The government in order to increase exploration activity approved the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in March 1997 which would level the playing field in the upstream sector between private and public sector companies in all fiscal, financial and contractual matters. There will be no mandatory state participation through ONGC/OIL nor there did any carry interest of the government.   In order to increase the exploration and thereby enhance the production of oil and gas in the country the Government of India liberalized the hydrocarbon sector. With the announcement of the liberalization policy in the hydrocarbon sector by Govt. of India for the oil and gas. Pursuant to the signing of PSC many private Exploration and producing Companies started the petroleum operations in the State and thereby the activities in the hydrocarbon sector have increased. In order to cope up with the increasing activities Government of Gujarat created the Office of Directorate of Petroleum to monitor various activities of exploration and exploitation of oil and gas, their production and royalty paid thereon by various organizations in the State of Gujarat. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd (GSPC) is an oil and gas exploration company in Gujarat, India. It is India's only State Government-owned Oil and Gas Company with the Government of Gujarat holding approximately 95% equity stake. Today GSPC has become a vertically integrated energy company, excelling in a wide gamut of hydrocarbon activities across India.






MINING & MINERALS:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




Minerals are valuable natural resources being finite and non-renewable. They constitute the vital raw materials for many basic industries and are a major resource for development. Management of mineral resources has, therefore, to be closely integrated with the overall strategy of development; and exploitation of minerals is to be guided by long-term national goals and perspectives. Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals, other than natural gases, petroleum and atomic minerals, for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc. and for administration of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 in respect of all mines and minerals other than coal, natural gas and petroleum.


Gujarat is the ideal state for the investment in mineral based industries looking to the state mineral resources and infrastructural facilities. There is ample opportunity to establish mineral oriented industries like Limestone based cement and soda ash industry, Lignite based power plants, Bauxite-based Alumina plant, Marble & Granite based cutting, polishing plants, Clay based ceramic units, Silica sand based glass units. GNMRL is well placed to take benefit of imminent boom staring at the energy spectrum. GNMRL is unique in itself which focus in coal mining, met coke productions as well as Oil and Gas exploration, the three prime resources which are in great demand. Total area of the State of Gujarat is 1,96,024 sq.kms. Out of which 1,27,000 sq. kms is rocky, which is mineral probable area. About 57,970 sq. kms of these rocky areas have been covered under the Remote Sensing Survey / Pre-detailed Mineral Survey, and about 23,596 sq. kms, under the Detailed Mineral Survey. Till now total 3,63,534 meters of drilling has been completed for various minerals at different places in the state. Out of this, 3,13,613 meters of drilling was conducted by the department, and the remaining 49,921 meters of drilling, by expeditious drilling programme by hiring men & machines. Remaining uncovered area of 69,030 sq. kms will be covered in the next five years by remote sensing / pre-detailed mineral surveys. Total 12,030 sq. kms will be explored by the department, and 57,000 sq. kms, through outsourcing/ private participation.




The Government of Gujarat has envisaged specific policy initiatives for industrial minerals occurring in the state to attract investment in the fields mineral exploration, exploitation, and mineral-based industries. It is intended to create competitive environment to speed up industrial development in mineral potential area by enhancement of Human Resource capabilities, improvement in infrastructure & adopting modern technology. The approach is to make progress by increasing mineral production and export of value added material through local and global competitiveness. Efforts to develop with special attention to minerals which are only available in the Gujarat as compared to other states in the country and mineral occurring in few states & having high quality. Local employment is created through mineral exploitation while maintaining mine safety & striking ecological equilibrium is also an additional addendum of this policy. To regulate the minor minerals, State Government has framed Gujarat Minor Mineral Rules-1966 under the Section-15 of Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act- 1957 and Central Government has framed Granite Conservation and Development Rules-1999 and Marble Development and Conservation Rules-2000. In addition, mines are being regulated under other Acts and Rules of Central Government such as Mines Act-1952, Mines Rules-1955, Mineral Conservation and Development Rules-1988. In the major minerals (including Oil & Natural Gas), Gujarat is placed at 3 position as on March-2002 in Mineral Production value. Gujarat ranks second in working mining leases. Only Gujarat produces minerals like Agate, Chalk and Perlite in the country. Production wise Gujarat ranks first in Fluorite and Silica sand, second in Bauxite, Lignite, Fire clay and Clay (others) and third in Quartz and Ball clay and fourth in Limestone and China clay.




Agro and Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Gujarat




Agro Industry means a unit which adds value to agricultural products/intermediates/residues; both food and non-food; by processing into products which are marketable or usable or edible, or by improving storability, or by providing the link from farm to the market or a part thereof. The term “agro-food processing industries” covers a wide range of activities utilizing farm, animal and forestry based products as raw materials. Agriculture sector contributes one-fourth of the country’s GDP. India is the largest producer of milk, fruits, pulses, cashew nuts, coconuts and tea in world and accounts for 10 % of the world fruit production. India’s food grain production is expected to rise to 208.5 million tons by March 2006, from 204.6 million tons in 2005. Horticulture sector contributes 30 % of the agriculture GDP and accounts for 8.5 % of cultivated area. In the Global food processing industry Asia-pacific is accounting for 31.10 % of global market. India is the World’s second largest producer of food, next to China and has potential to be number one.



Gujarat is endowed with abundant natural resources in terms of varied soil, climatic conditions and diversified cropping pattern suitable for agricultural activities. Gujarat is a leading producer of various agricultural crops within India as well as worldwide. Gujarat has highest production in the world for Castor (67%), Fennel (67%), Cumin (36%), Isabgol (35%), groundnut (8%), and Guar seed (6%). The state has also emerged as a frontrunner in several other sectors such as Dairy, Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, Traditional Horticulture and Floriculture. Gujarat is keen to promote the agro-processing industry, which currently consists of small and medium enterprises producing a wide variety of products. It has about 16,400 small enterprises in food processing, beverage and tobacco processing. The agro-processing sector accounts for a significant proportion of the working population in the State. Moreover, the State is well known for its success in dairy cooperatives. Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation enjoys a significant market share in the processed foods sector.


The Gujarat Agro Vision 2010 has been formulated with defined growth parameters of gross state domestic product, per capita income and increase in non farm income of rural population due to multiplier effect. A holistic approach has been envisaged with emphasis on agricultural research, conservation of soil and water, economic and social sustainability. A comprehensive Agro Industrial Policy 2000 has been formulated. Tiny, small, medium and large agro industrial units shall be given 6% back ended subsidy for 5 years on the interest on term loan, subject to a ceiling of Rs. 100 lacs. Gujarat government has announced a new Agri Business Policy during the summit 2009. Gujarat government has offered various incentives to attract the investment in agriculture and allied sectors. Some of the incentives include declaration of food processing industry as seasonal industry, cost subsidy to large projects in food processing sector and sops and incentives to enhance competitiveness of small and medium enterprises, etc.


SALT INDUSTRY:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




India is the third largest Salt producing Country in the World after China and USA with Global annual production being about 230 million tonnes.  The growth and achievement of Salt Industry over the last 60 years has been spectacular.  When India attained Independence in 1947, salt was being imported from the United Kingdom & Adens to meet its domestic requirement.  But today it has not only achieved self-sufficiency in production of salt to meet its domestic requirement but also in a position of exporting surplus salt to foreign countries.  The production of salt during 1947 was 1.9 million tonnes which has increased tenfold to record 20 million tonnes during 2005. The main sources of salt in India are sea brine, lake brine, sub-soil brine and rock salt deposits. Sea water is an inexhaustible source of salt.  Salt production along the coast is limited by weather and soil conditions.


Gujarat is blessed with the longest coastline of 1600 km. in India, offering important resources such as salt and marine products for industry. Gujarat is the largest producers of salt in India and ranking 2nd highest export in the world. Gujarat contributes 76 percent to the total production, followed by Tamil Nadu (12 %) and Rajasthan (8%). It also became the highest tax charging state for salt production amongst the six other salt producing states. Apart from using salt for edible purposes, it is substantially used for production of inorganic chemicals.





Salt is a Central subject in the Constitution of India and appears as item No.58 of the Union List of the 7th Schedule, which reads:

a)   Manufacture, Supply and Distribution of Salt by Union Agencies; and

b)   Regulation and control of manufacture, supply and distribution of salt by other agencies.

Central Government is responsible for controlling all aspects of the Salt Industry. Salt Commissioner’s Organisation plays a facilitating role in overall growth and development of Salt Industry in the country. The thrust of the Salt Commissioner’s Organisation currently is on Technological Development and Quality Improvement, Salt Iodisation Program for combating Iodine Deficiency Disorders, Infrastructure Development promoting Salt Industry, Labour Welfare Schemes for Salt Workers particularly housing under Namak Mazdoor Awas Yojna and export of Salt.



GEMS AND JEWELLERY:Project Opportunities in Gujarat


Gems and jewellery industry in India occupies a significant position in the Indian economy. It is also one of the fastest growing Industries in the country. The cutting and polishing of Diamonds and precious stones is one of the oldest traditions in India and the country has earned considerable goodwill, both, in the domestic and international markets for its skills and creativity. India was also the first country to have introduced diamonds to the world. The country was the first to mine diamonds, cut and polish them and also trade them. It accounted for 16.7 per cent of India's total Merchandise Exports. At present India exports 95% of the world’s diamonds.



Gujarat is the leading state in India in gems and jewellery sector, as it contributes to about 72% of the total exports of India. Gujarat has a well established diamond industry. Diamond processing and trading unit are spread across the State in cities such as Surat, Ahmedabad, Palanpur, Bhavnagar, Valsad and Navsari. Gujarat accounts for about 80% of diamonds processed and 95% of diamonds export from India. Surat has 65% share in India's diamond trade. Highly skilled workforce Gujarat’s comparatively cheaper and skilledworkforce can be effectively utilized to setup large low cost production bases for domestic and export markets. Gujarat’s Gems & Jewellery sector is expected to grow at a rate of 15%.



The government's interest in the sector is evident from the FDI policy which allows 100% FDI and 74% in exploration and mining of diamonds and precious stones and 100% for gold and silver and minerals exploration, mining, metallurgy and processing. Gems and Jewellery, diamonds and precious metals have been given a special thrust by the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, under the Foreign Trade Policy through the following measures:

·         Allowing 100 per cent FDI in the gems and jewellery sector under the automatic route;

·         Abolishing duty on polished diamonds;

·         Lowering import duty on platinum and exempting rough, coloured, precious gems stones from customs duty.  Rough, semi –precious stones are also exempted from import duty;

·         Setting up of Gems and Jewellery Parks and SEZs to stimulate sectoral investments;

·         Allowing import of gold of 8 k and above under replenishment scheme, subject to the condition that import being accompanied by an Assay Certificate specifying purity, weight and alloy content;

·         Permitting import of Diamondson consignment basis for Certification /Grading, and re-export by the authorized offices/agencies of Gemological Institute of America (GIA) in India or other approved agencies.


CHEMICALS AND PETROCHEMICALS: Project Opportunities in Gujarat




The Chemical and Petrochemical Industry occupies an important place in the country's economy, as the Chemical industry has grown at a pace outperforming the overall growth of the industry. Chemical industry is an important constituent of the Indian economy. Its size is estimated at around US$ 35 billion approx., which is equivalent to about 3% of India's GDP. The total investment in Indian Chemical Sector is approx. US$ 60 billion and total employment generated is about 1 million. Today, petrochemical products permeate the entire spectrum of daily useitems and cover almost every sphere of life like clothing, housing, construction, furniture, automobiles, household items, agriculture, horticulture, irrigation, packaging, medical appliances, electronics and electrical etc. Chemicals and Petrochemicals contribute to more than 62 % of national petrochemicals and 51% of national Chemical sector output. It leads all states in India in terms of the investments committed in the chemical and petrochemical sector, 30% of fixed capital investment is in the manufacturing of Chemical and Chemical Products. Manufacturing of chemicals and chemical products contribute to around one fifth of the total employment in state. The production capacity of major suppliers of polymers, PE/PP/PVC in Gujarat is nearly 70% of the whole country’s production. Large quantity of production of basic chemicals caustic soda, caustic potash and chloromethane, largest supplier of bio fertilizers, seeds, Urea and other fertilizers



Gujarat's chemicals and petrochemicals industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the State's economy. The industry offers a wide spectrum of opportunities for the investors both from India and abroad. The well diversified chemical industry has complete portfolio of chemical products including petrochemicals and downstream products, pharmaceuticals, dyes and intermediates. The Chemical Industry in Gujarat comprises of about 500 large and medium scale industrial units, about 16,000 of small scale industrial units and other factory sector units. Gujarat emerged as leading Indian states in terms of the investments committed in the chemical and petrochemical sector. It contributes to more than 62% of national petrochemical and 51% of national chemical sector output. Around 6,000 chemical and petrochemicals products are produced in the state. Manufacturing of chemicals and chemical products contributes to around one fifth of the total employment in state. The chemical industry in Gujarat is a significant component of the State's economy, contributing to more than 51% of Indian production of major chemicals with revenues at approximately more than INR 12,000 crore. Petrochemical Industry in Gujarat produces 13,048 ('000 Tonnes) of petrochemical products and also contributes around 62% to the total production of the country. Gujarat contributes 15% of the total national chemical exports.



In Chemical sector, 100% FDI is permissible, manufacture of most chemical products inter-alia covering organic/inorganic, dyestuffs and pesticides is de licensed. The entrepreneurs need to submit only IEM with the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion provided no locational angle is applicable. Only the following items are covered in the compulsory licensing list because of their hazardous nature: Hydrocyanic acid and its derivatives, Phosgene and its derivatives,Isocynates and di-isocynates of hydrocarbons.


TEXTILES:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




The textile industry is primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the chemical industry. India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. Though was predominantly unorganized industry even a few years back, but the scenario started changing after the economic liberalization of Indian economy in 1991. The opening up of economy gave the much-needed thrust to the Indian textile industry, which has now successfully become one of the largest in the world.


Gujarat is one of the leading industrial states in India and textile industry in particular had contributed in a big way to the industrialisation of the State. In fact, development of many industries likes, Dyestuff, Chemicals, Engineering/Foundry and Cotton farming is solely dependent on this sector. The State is well known for development of Hybrid Cotton, Ginning, power looms, composite mills, spinning units and independent processing Houses. Gujarat being the largest producer of cotton, has obtained tremendous opportunities towards higher and higher value addition product by setting up Modern Process Houses (with the technology of low polluting and less energy costs) in one hand and Knitwear/Ready-made Garments in a big way on the other to fulfil the domestic and international market. Investment opportunities may be, therefore, explored for Cotton Ring Spinning (25,000 spindles), Open End Spinning (1000 rotors), Modern Process House, Shuttleless Weaving (50 looms), Ready-made garments unit and Non-woven and Technical Textile unit with appropriate technology. Bandhani or Bandhej of Gujarat is one of the best tie and dye fabrics in India. Dhamadka and Ajrakh, Mashru are some of the other fabrics of Gujarat. Dhamadka is the art of printing fabrics with wooden blocks. Mashru is a mixed fabric, woven with a combination of cotton and silk. It was originally used by Muslim men, as they were prohibited from wearing pure silk.



The Gujarat government is planning to come up with a policy to boost the textile and apparel industry in the state and help it remain competitive in the post-quota regime of the World Trade Organisation. Gujarat’s textile policy provides incentives that are more favourable for large textile units. It provides 25% capital subsidy on purchase of machineries. Custom duty on textile machinery is only 5%. Also, various human resource development activities for the textile industry have been initiated by state government. Subsidy at 50% of R&D expenditure is provided to industries carrying out research. Interest subsidy at 3% is provided for capital equipment for five years. Assistance is also provided for infrastructural development, market promotion and environment protection. Gujarat is also the largest producer and exporter of cotton, the production of which has been increasing over time. So raw material is plentiful. It is the largest producer of denim. Surat is a strong base for synthetic fibers and provides a big market.


Waste management: Project Opportunities in Gujarat



Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.



Gujarat is an ideal location for an effective functioning of the projects, which depend on reasonable volume of generated wastes, waste characteristics, public acceptance and potential network of the industry for the zero discharge of the waste. Gujarat is characterized by wide spread industrial establishments, robust infrastructure development and stable socio-political environment. The industrial development has remained and is the robust backbone of Gujarat’s economical and industrial prospects and a driving force of a future economic growth. In a meantime, the rapid industrial development throughout the state has lead resulted in generating abundant industrial wastes which need proper care in pollution mitigation and recycling in and around urban centres of Ahmedabad, Bharuch, Surat etc. 


National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Lucrative Business Plan for Calcium Sennosides from Senna Leaves Production

Calcium Sennoside is one of the most common substances in multivitamins, health care products, and food additives, and it has a variety of functions in the human body, including bone growth, tooth remineralization, and muscular contraction. It can also be used to make calcium enriched milk powder, calcium fortified beverage powder, and calcium fortified bread, among other functional foods. Calcium sennosides are made via a fermentation method involving many types of industrial yeasts and a variety of basic ingredients. The FDA has approved Calcium Sennoside for the purpose of stimulating bone growth and mineralization, which is notably beneficial to osteoporosis patients. It has become quite popular in the market place as a novel and safe product in the field of bone health. The price of Calcium Sennoside will provide you extra benefits in your production business of this type of product because of its exceptional quality. One of the most well-known herbal remedies is Calcium Sennoside (Senna Extract). Calcium Sennoside is extracted from the leaves of the Senna plant. It's an excellent laxative. It has a subtle bitterness to it. Senna has long been used to treat constipation. Sennosides are glycosides obtained from Senna leaves that contain hydroxyanthracene. They've been utilised as natural, safe, time-tested laxatives in both traditional and modern medical systems. Constipation is treated with sennosides. They can also be used to flush the intestines before to a bowel inspection or surgery. Stimulant laxatives are known as sennosides. They function by maintaining water in the intestines, causing the intestines to move. The global demand for herbal extracts, dietary supplements, and herbal-based beauty aids is increasing as people become more aware of the negative effects of allopathic drugs, as well as the medicinal benefits and therapeutic effects of herbal products. According to the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Sector of India (ASSOCHAM), the herbal business's market size, which is now estimated at Rs. 7,500 crores, will double to Rs. 15,000 crore by 2022, with the industry rising at a compounded annual growth rate of over 20%. India's vast supply of medicinal plants and traditional treasure of knowledge in this domain, according to an ASSOCHAM report on Herbal Industry and Global Market 2015, is deemed quite meagre at the moment. A cursory calculation of the potential suggests that India can produce raw stock worth roughly Rs. 300 billion and easily attain value added products worth around Rs. 150 billion. As a result, India is only able to realise about half of its potential. Surprisingly, both raw materials (herbs) and herbal products have a global market. ASSOCHAM Secretary General D.S. Rawat, who released the findings, said that Ayurvedic Medicines and Dietary Supplements (including health drinks), extracts, Oils and other derivatives, skincare and beauty aids are appropriate niche markets for India to focus on. Key Players • Alchem International Pvt. Ltd. • Indena India Pvt. Ltd. • Kothari Phytochemicals & Inds. Ltd. • Vidya Herbs Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 400 Kgs per DayPlant & machinery: 291 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 607 Lakh
Return: 28.00%Break even: 59.00%
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A Complete Business Plan for Activated Alumina (Spherical Balls) Manufacturing

Activated alumina (Al2O3) is a kind of aluminium oxide with a wide range of industrial applications. Activated alumina has a number of properties that make it useful for a variety of industrial processes. This covers things like strong crush strength, thermal shock resistance, chemical resistance, and more. The potential of activated alumina to operate as an adsorbent, owing to its high porosity and surface area, has propelled it to the forefront of numerous applications. Dehydroxylating aluminium hydroxide in a way that produces a very porous substance produces activated alumina. Al2O3•OH2 can be used to denote the chemical composition. The "activation" that occurs as a result of calcination is referred to as "activated aluminas." Activated alumina is a porous form of aluminium oxide with a large surface area. It has the ability to absorb gases and liquids while maintaining its shape. It functions as a desiccant by adsorbing water and other pollutants; it provides clean water due to its capacity to attract contaminants. In general, activated alumina functions similarly to activated coal, a well-known adsorbent. The adsorption process is influenced by the force field that exists at a solid's surface. Activated alumina has various characteristics that make it suited for the treatment of wastewater treatment plant effluent all over the world, including high adsorption capacity, high surface area, a wide range of functional groups, and a variety of porosity sizes. Activated alumina, like activated carbon, has a large surface area and porosity that allows it to catch and hold a variety of compounds, allowing it to be used as an adsorbent, desiccant, and other applications. The following are some of the most common applications for activated alumina products: • Adsorbents • Desiccant • Catalysts Uses HF alkylation is used to remove fluoride from hydrocarbons. Alumina beads are used to filter low quantities of hydrofluoric acid. For the removal of sulphur from gas streams (Claus catalyst process). Under the right conditions, activated alumina transforms hydrogen sulphide to elemental sulphur. The oil refining sector makes substantial use of this technology. In the manufacturing of polyethylene, as a filtration media. The slurry co-catalyst is filtered out of the polyethylene and trapped in the alumina bead pores in this procedure. The activated alumina market was worth 146.2 million in 2020, and it is expected to increase at an annual rate of 8.2% from 2021 to 2027. Product demand will be bolstered by rising oil and gas output, as well as increased oil and gas exploration operations around the world. Factors such as increased demand for clean water, depleting water supplies, and the construction of new water treatment facilities are driving the market. Dihydroxylation of aluminium hydroxide produces activated alumina, a very porous substance. It's utilised for a variety of things, including catalysts, desiccants, fluoride adsorbents, bioceramics, and more. Market growth in Asia Pacific is predicted to be boosted by rising population and rapid economic expansion. Over the projected period, government initiatives such as the introduction of various projects for the regular supply and treatment of water are expected to drive product demand. The use of products in the purification of lithium is becoming more prevalent. Ceramics, glass, batteries, lubricating greases, and air treatment applications all employ lithium. Key Players • Acuro Organics Ltd. • Jyoti Ceramic Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Synco Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: 6 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 97 lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 230 Lakh
Return: 17.00%Break even: 78.00%
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Solar Panel (both type of the PV Cells: Polycrystalline and Monocrystalline) 140 MW

A solar panel is made up of several solar modules that are wired together in series and parallel to give a certain voltage and current to charge a battery. Photovoltaic panels make up the solar array of a photovoltaic system, which generates and distributes solar power in commercial and residential settings. The DC output power of each module is rated under conventional test conditions and typically ranges from 100 to 365 watts. A single solar module can only provide a certain quantity of energy; therefore, most setups use numerous modules. A photovoltaic system consists of a panel or array of solar modules, a solar inverter, and, in certain cases, a battery and/or solar tracker, as well as interface cable. A photovoltaic (PV) module is a pre-assembled, plug-and-play assembly of 6-10 solar cells. Solar photovoltaic panels make up the solar array of a photovoltaic system, which generates and distributes solar power in commercial and residential settings. The DC output power of each module is rated under conventional test conditions and typically ranges from 100 to 365 watts. A single solar cell will not be able to deliver the necessary usable output. To boost the output power of a PV system, a number of such PV Solar Cells must be connected. A solar module is typically made up of a sufficient number of solar cells that are connected in series to generate the requisite standard output voltage and power. Large-scale solar applications, such as commercial and residential solar systems, typically use monocrystalline solar panels. They can also be used for smaller-scale applications, and the panel size is determined by the application. The most widely utilised PV panels on the planet are polycrystalline solar panels. They come in a variety of power levels, ranging from 5 W to 250 W or more, and can be used in both home and commercial settings. In the projected period 2021-2028, the global solar power market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 6.9%, from $184.03 billion in 2021 to $293.18 billion in 2028. With the unrelenting shift toward renewable energy, the worldwide solar panel industry is accelerating. China, the world's largest exporter of solar panels, will benefit from strong global demand, while domestic sales may decrease as tariff subsidies are reduced. Because solar cells are becoming more affordable and suburban building is becoming stronger, the United States is seeing a rise in solar power output. Due to the rapid adoption of solar generation capacity, the EU, Asia-Pacific, Mexico, and Australia are also emerging as the most attractive markets. Distributed solar photovoltaic systems for residential, commercial, and industrial buildings appear to be a growing business segment around the world.
Plant capacity: Mono Crystalline Solar PV Module Capacity:250 Watt 466.8Nos/Day | Mono Crystalline Solar PV Module Capacity:320 Watt 364.6Nos/Day | Poly Crystalline Solar PV Module Capacity: 250 Watt466.8Nos/Day | PolyCrystalline Solar PV Module Capacity:320Watt364.6/dayPlant & machinery: 36.35 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 63.46 Cr
Return: 30.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Zinc Oxide from Zinc Dross (White Seal) Production Business Plan

Although zinc oxide has been known since ancient times, it is only recently that it has been used as a pigment. It was created to replace basic lead carbonate as a pigment. Because the lead pigment turned black when exposed to the air, it was phased out. Zinc dross is a byproduct of zinc recovery. Zinc types can be recovered from galvanised sheets, batteries, automobile components, and galvanising processes, among other things. Zinc ashes develop on the surface of molten zinc baths, and while they are mostly zinc oxide, finely divided zinc particles will stick to the oxide as well. Processes are used to purify various forms of zinc to obtain pure zinc metal. Zinc oxide has the formula ZnO and is an inorganic substance. Rubbers, plastics, ceramics, glass, cement, lubricants, paints, ointments, adhesives, sealants, pigments, meals, batteries, ferrites, fire retardants, and first-aid tapes all contain zinc oxide, which is a white powder that is insoluble in water. Although zinc oxide is found naturally in the mineral zincite, the majority of zinc oxide is manufactured synthetically. ZnO belongs to the II-VI semiconductor group and has a large bandgap. The semiconductor's native doping is n-type, which is caused by oxygen vacancies or zinc interstitials. Zinc oxide, often known as zinc white, is a white or grey powder with a coarse texture. The amount of contaminants it contains has an impact on its whiteness. A wide range of colours can be created through good heat treatment or other ways, ranging from white to yellow, green, and brown to red. Rubber, paint, ceramics, chemical textiles, and other industries employ zinc oxide. Zinc salts (zinc stearate, etc.) feed additive; semiconductor in electronic devices; electronic ceramics; raw material to produce zinc phosphate as steel coating; ointment; pigment and mould growth inhibitor in paints; ceramics; floor tile; glass; zinc salts (zinc stearate, etc.) feed additive; semiconductor in electronic devices; zinc phosphate as steel coating. Zinc oxide is used in metal protective coatings, and zinc oxide and paint tinted with zinc dust are the most popular coatings for galvanised surfaces. Zinc oxide is used in general-purpose primers for ferrous surfaces, together with red lead and/or zinc yellow. It aids in the production of a durable, adherent coating that is resistant to abrasion and chalking in these priming paints. Rubber vulcanization relies heavily on zinc oxide. It's an inorganic basic accelerator that helps speed up the vulcanization reaction between rubber and sulphur. The market for zinc oxide has gathered significant traction in recent years as a result of the rising morbidity of bacterial infections in the public healthcare system. Outbreaks of pathogenic strains have increased the demand for antibacterial components in numerous nations, with zinc oxide emerging as a promising option. This has to do with the fact that they are more effective against gram-positive bacteria than most nanoparticles. The growing impact of such microorganisms on food safety, particularly in the ready-to-eat segment, has fueled zinc oxide market product development. Zinc oxide's increasing use in antimicrobial packaging is likely to expand its biomedical applications. In 2020, the global zinc oxide market was worth over 1,400 kilotons, and it is predicted to rise at a CAGR of over 4% in volume over the forecast period (2021-2026). Growing demand from various end-use industries, as well as increased investments in R&D projects, are some of the key contributing factors driving the Global Zinc Oxide Market forward. Key Players • Bharat Zinc Ltd. • Ess Vee Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • Hindustan Zinc Ltd. • K A Wires Ltd. • Lords Chemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: 12 MT per DayPlant & machinery: 181 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 595 Lakh
Return: 31.00%Break even: 59.00%
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Bio-Organic Fertilizer from Tea Waste Manufacturing Business Plan

Organic fertilisers help maintain the environment and lower your monthly energy bills by decreasing the need for additional landscaping lighting. Organically produced plants normally taste better and are healthier for you, but they also help preserve the environment and lower your monthly energy bills. Tea waste produces one of the most intriguing types of organic fertiliser. After the tea leaves have been processed, tea waste or CTC pulps are obtained. The CTC (crush, tear, and curl) technique can be used on green, black, yellow, and white teas to produce different types of residues with different properties, depending on the tea variety and inherent characteristics. Tealeaves can be used not only to make great teas, but also as an organic fertiliser for your plants! Your plants will benefit from the added nutrients included in the leaves if you compost them, and this procedure may be done in the comfort of your own home. On the market are organic fertilisers that can be used to grow vegetables, fruits, and other plants without the use of pesticides or chemicals. Bio fertiliser, which is manufactured from tea waste, is one of these items. Tea waste contains a variety of minerals necessary for plant growth, as well as soil bacteria that are good to crops. Organic fertilisers are non-polluting, environmentally friendly fertilisers made from natural raw materials that do not affect plants, animals, or humans (provided they are used according to instructions). Organic fertilisers are used to deliver needed nutrients to the soil so that plants can flourish naturally. Animal and plant-derived substances such as Guano, compost, peat moss, seaweed extracts, blood and bone meal, and other organic fertilisers are available. Organic fertilisers made from tea waste are very effective. They're called organic fertilisers because the raw materials used in them are of natural origin, which means they don't contain any pesticides or herbicides. As a result, they have no negative effects on soil microorganisms, plant growth, or human health. There are numerous types of tea plants grown in our country, but black tea is one of the greatest crops for producing organic fertilisers. Black tea is high in biodegradable organic components such polyphenols, flavonoids, gallic acid, and tannins, which aid in the composting process by speeding up the process and acting as natural activators. The growing popularity of organic foods has boosted the demand for organic fertilisers. During the year, the biological organic fertiliser market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 13.3 percent (2021-2026). The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on the biological organic fertiliser market, causing it to grow slowly during this time period. Companies can gain profits after the first effects of the pandemic if the government implements effective policies and implements appropriate practises. One of the primary factors driving the growth of the biological organic fertiliser market is the rising use of organic farming. Two other factors that are boosting the market's growth are the emphasis on sustainable farming and government backing for businesses. The major markets are Asia-Pacific and Europe, followed by North America. India is one of the world's 12 mega-biodiversity countries. With only 2.5 percent of the land area, it already has 7-8 percent of the world's recorded species. Indian soils are losing carbon, putting the country's biodiversity at risk. Additional fertilisers (N+P+K) would be required to increase food production in India as the population grows. In 2017, the Indian fertiliser market was valued at INR 4,675 billion. Looking ahead, the market is expected to reach INR 9,987 billion by 2023, representing a CAGR of roughly 13% from 2018 to 2023. Key Players • A S A Imperial Commodities Ltd. • Accord Hydroair Pvt. Ltd. • Advance Cropcare (India) Pvt. Ltd. • Agro Chem Punjab Ltd. • Agro Extracts Ltd. • Amico Agrotech (O P C) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 5 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 60 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 381 Lakh
Return: 26.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Detailed Project Report on Aluminium Cans for Beverages

Carbonated and still soft drinks, mineral waters, beers, and lagers are increasingly often packaged in aluminium beverage cans. It competes well against glass, plastic, and steel drinks containers, and it is the only drinks container with closed loop recycling: a used aluminium drinks can is recycled back into aluminium can sheet, which is then used to make another aluminium drinks can. Because of aluminum's excellent thermal characteristics, the beverages can is swiftly chilled. It possesses good stiffness and strength without the drawbacks of a glass bottle, such as being fragile and dangerous when broken, and being significantly heavier than an aluminium can. It is lighter than steel, and even a steel beverage can relies on aluminium for the top of the can since the easier open end of the can can only be created in aluminium due to the better gauge and qualities of aluminium. Because aluminium is more malleable than steel, it is easier to manufacture; as a result, the two-piece can was born, with all but the top of the can stamped out of a single piece of aluminium rather than two pieces of steel. A label indicating the contents is either printed directly on the side of the can or affixed to the outside of the curved surface. The majority of aluminium cans are made up of two halves. A flat plate or shallow cup is used to "draw" or "draw and iron" the bottom and body. The "end" of the can is sealed onto the top of the can once it has been filled. Aluminium cans help to preserve the quality of food for a long time. Aluminium cans are completely impervious to oxygen, light, moisture, and other pollutants. They don't rust, are corrosion-resistant, and have one of the longest shelf life of any package. Aluminium is one of the most effective packaging materials for food. It is chosen for food goods without difficulty due to its many attractive qualities. During recessions, beverage cans have proven to be rather durable and have maintained their percentage in the pack mix. With less disposable income to spend in bars and restaurants, consumers are opting for at-home entertainment, which frequently favours the beverage can. Aluminium makes up almost 90% of all beverage cans in the world. Beverage cans are constructed entirely of aluminium in the United States, while steel is still utilised in other parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia. In North America and Europe, nearly all beverage cans are two-piece, however in China and Southeast Asia, three-piece steel beverage cans are still in use. In Sub-Saharan Africa and India, the beverage can market has been slow to expand. Can demand is likely to rise in the next years as incomes rise, retail infrastructure improves, and consumer tastes shift. The global aluminium cans market was valued at USD 957 billion in 2019. The market is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 3.25 percent between 2020 and 2025, reaching a value of USD 1159.5 billion by 2025.
Plant capacity: Aluminium Cans for Beverage Size 355 ml: 83,333 Pcs. per day | Aluminium Cans for Beverage Size 473 ml: 83,334 Pcs. per dayPlant & machinery: 39.33 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 56.55 Cr
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Business Plan for Manufacturing Prestressed Concrete Sleepers

One of the most essential applications of a railway track system is concrete sleepers. Prestressed concrete sleepers have good impact load characteristics and ultimate load carrying capability, but their fatigue life is short. The railway sleeper, which is located between the rail and the ballast, is an important railway component. Timber, concrete, steel, or other engineering materials can be used to make the sleepers, and concrete is widely utilised around the world. Prestressing is the act of applying a load to a deforming structure in order to make it better capable of withstanding a work load or deflecting less. Concrete sleepers have several disadvantages in addition to their benefits, such as longer life and strength. Their great weight necessitated specialist tools for laying and installation, as well as their manufacture casts, and their initial cost is nearly double that of hardwood timber sleepers. The places where cracking typically develops owing to tensile stresses are placed under compressive strain to largely offset this propensity, resulting in a significant reduction in cracking. Properly prestressed constructed sleepers can also greatly reduce cracking due to drying shrinkage. It is then employed in places where its freezing thawing endurance, which is slightly higher than that of comparable non-stressed sleepers, is required. Functions of Sleepers Sleepers serve the following purposes on a railway track: Maintain appropriate gauge on the rails at all times. In other words, precise gauge on straights and flat curves, slightly loose on sharp curves, and slightly tight in diamond crossings. Ensure that the rails are supported equally and firmly throughout. Distribute the load transmitted through rails over a vast area of ballast beneath the bridge or to the bridge girders, as needed. Maintain adequate rail level in turnouts and crossovers, as well as in the ward slope along straight tracks. The market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 5.96 percent from USD 104.03 billion in 2017 to USD 138.96 billion in 2022. Civil Engineering infrastructure, which includes track, bridges, and land, is the greatest static infrastructure of Indian Railways. The organization's vision must be followed when managing this massive infrastructure. All of these infrastructures are managed and maintained by Indian Railways' civil engineering department. It also plays a major role in the development of infrastructure, technical leaps in numerous industries, high-speed transit, and the creation of world-class stations. Trains are an essential part of our daily lives. Thousands of people go from one location to another, and thousands of tonnes of products are moved. Trains operate 24 hours a day, making them particularly useful for long journeys. While wealthy people can travel great distances by air, the middle and lower classes, who cannot afford the expensive air tickets, are completely reliant on trains for long excursions. Moreover, there are thousands of daily travellers that travel to other locations for business or services. To fulfil the rigorous criteria, automation in the sleeper sector strives to improve efficiency, achieve zero defects, and meet just-in-time supply requirements of not only Indian Railways, but also Metro Rail systems and Private Railway siding markets. Key Players • Alpine Housing Devp. Corpn. Ltd. • Bemco Sleepers Ltd. • Calcutta Springs Ltd. • Concrete Techno Project Ltd. • Concrete Udyog Ltd. • Daya Concretes Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1,000 Pcs per DayPlant & machinery: 26.59 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 38.12 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Manufacturing Plant of Steel Shipping Container (Cargo Container)

Containerized shipping has revolutionised the way goods and materials are carried, but it can take some time to figure out how everything works. When it comes to transporting large cargoes across long distances, cargo containers are the most efficient mode of transport. These solid metal boxes may resemble something out of Star Wars, but they're actually a cost-effective and environmentally responsible way to move goods around the world, especially when compared to road or air freight. In the maritime trade, the containerization system of transportation consists primarily of specialised container vessels and containers for carrying products. The shipping lines furnish the containers to the shippers, either directly or through leasing agreements. Every year, the freight container sector produces a large number of intermodal containers. They're utilised all around the world to convey things. Each year, roughly 180 million container cargoes are transported across the oceans by about 5000 container ships. For global trade enterprises to thrive in today's increasingly competitive economic environment, international transportation of containerized commodities is essential. Containers are typically built of steel (for marine containers) or aluminium (for domestic containers), and their structure provides flexibility and hardiness. Intermodal and containerization development are mutually inclusive, self-strengthening, and rely on a set of driving forces linked to technology, infrastructure, and management. Containers are being used by some companies to transfer legacy applications to more modern settings. While this method provides some of the basic advantages of operating system virtualization, it does not provide all of the advantages of a modular, container-based application architecture. Refactoring is far more time-consuming than lift-and-shift migration, but it allows you to reap the full benefits of a container environment. Individual container building parts make it easier to isolate, deploy, and scale distributed systems and microservices. Using container technology, you can quickly build, test, and deploy your applications using the same container images. In 2019, the global Shipping Containers Market was valued at US$ 10,350.1 million and 306,324 thousand units, and it is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 5.9% from 2020 to 2027. Containerization's increasing speed, reliability, and safety have driven enterprises to use containers to ship their goods. Containerization is boosted even further by lower long-distance containerized transportation costs paired with trade globalisation. Container transport is expected to develop significantly by the end of 2015, according to Coherent Market Insights' analysis. As a result, these factors are projected to drive the worldwide shipping container market forward in the coming years. Key Players • D C M Hyundai Ltd. • J K Technosoft Ltd. • Techno-Cap Equipments India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Cargo Containers (Size 20 Feet): 34 Nos per DayPlant & machinery: 3.21 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 18.13 Cr
Return: 28.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Business Plan for Micronutrient Fortified Energy Dense Food Manufacturing

Although most people think of protein as the nutrient that makes us feel full and gives us energy, micronutrients can also help us feel full and give us the energy we need to go through the day. Foods that have had their nutritional profile upgraded to add vitamins, minerals, or other nutrients that are helpful to our health but are deficient in the ordinary diet are known as micronutrient-fortified foods. Micronutrient-fortified food aids in the prevention of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease by boosting the consumption of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) that could otherwise be insufficient in the diet. Many micronutrients, such as vitamins C and B6, folic acid, zinc, and magnesium, play a role in maintaining a healthy body weight and blood sugar levels. We need to consume certain critical vitamins and minerals every day for health reasons, and failing to do so can lead to a variety of health problems in the future. Deficiencies in one or more micronutrients, such as iron, zinc, and vitamin A, are common in low- and middle-income nations, limiting millions of people's physical and cognitive abilities. Food fortification is a low-cost method that has been shown to provide health, economic, and social benefits. Despite ongoing debates about the effectiveness and safety of food fortification in some countries and around the world, the practise has significant benefits across all of the main vehicles for food fortification (large-scale food fortification, bio fortification, and point-of-use or home fortification), ranging from lowering the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies to societal and economic benefits. Micronutrient deficiencies are caused by a lack of nutrient-dense foods in the diet, as well as nutrient losses through poor diets, illnesses, and blood loss during menstruation (women of reproductive age). Micronutrient needs are particularly high during early growth, pregnancy, and lactation. Several country-level studies on the impact of food fortification on micronutrient status have yielded encouraging results. In Indonesia, for example, a study conducted in two districts of West Java evaluated the effects of large-scale fortification on the vitamin A status of women and children and discovered that fortified oil increased vitamin A intake close to the recommended nutrient intakes, contributing on average 26 percent of daily need for children aged 12 to 23 months, 38–40 percent for older children, and 29–35 percent for women. The market for fortified foods is expected to reach $172.4 million in 2020, growing at a CAGR of 6.1 percent from 2021 to 2026. Foods that have been supplemented with nutrients that are not naturally present in them are known as fortified foods. These foods are intended to improve nutrition and provide health benefits. Calcium could be supplied to fruit juice extracts, for example, because milk is usually fortified with vitamin D. The global market for fortified foods is being driven by a growing awareness of the need of maintaining a disease-free and healthy lifestyle. Additional microelements, such as major trace elements and several vitamins, are provided through fortified foods. The term "enhanced food" refers to food that has been fortified with nutrients that were lost during preparation. Furthermore, following processing, many refined grains, such as wheat flour, can be treated with folic acid, riboflavin, and iron. This is aimed at restoring the body's natural vitamin levels. Key Players • Hindustan Foods Ltd. • Natureland Organic Foods Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Micronutients Fortified Energy Dense Food (Rice): 1,600 Kgs per DayPlant & machinery: 23 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 56 Lakh
Return: 27.00%Break even: 66.00%
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Camphor Powder (Technical Grade) Making Business

Camphor (Cinnamomumcamphora) is a white, crystalline material obtained from the wood of the camphor laurel (Cinnamomumcamphora) and other related laurel trees. Camphor is a fragrant evergreen tree native to China, India, Mongolia, Japan, and Taiwan, and a variation of it is grown in the Southern United States, particularly in Florida. Camphor is made by steam distilling, purifying, and sublimating the tree's wood, twigs, and bark. Camphor is used as a topical analgesic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, antipruritc, antiinflammatory, antiinfective, rubefacient, contraceptive, mild expectorant, nasal decongestant, cough suppressant, and many more pharmacological purposes. Camphor is easily absorbed through the skin and can also be given as an injection, inhaled, or swallowed. Camphor, also known as camphor powder (technical grade) or camphor oil, is an organic chemical that comes in the form of white crystals or crystalline powder and has a minty odour and a faint numbing taste. Its CAS number is 458-28-4. Camphor Powder (Technical grade) (CAS-No. 458-28-4) has a molecular weight of 164.23g/mol and is discovered to be the principal component in this type of product. Camphor powder, commonly known as camphor crystals, is derived from the wood of Cinnamomum trees. The bark and leaves of these trees are used to manufacture essential oils and medicine in China, Southeast Asia, and India. Camphor has been used as a pain reliever since ancient Greece and Rome, and it is still a common ingredient in ointments, liniments, and balms today. Some cosmetics and colognes contain it as well. Camphor powder is a solid derived from the Camphor tree, an evergreen tree endemic to Asia, particularly the southern sections of China and Taiwan. It's found in a variety of items, including soaps, detergents, and chewing gum, to impart a minty or mentholated aroma and/or flavour. It also acts as an antiseptic, killing germs and bacteria. Camphor used to be manufactured by distilling the camphor tree's bark and wood. Camphor is now produced chemically from turpentine oil. Vicks VapoRub, for example, contains it. Camphor products can be applied topically on the skin or breathed. Camphor is applied topically to ease pain and irritation. It's also been used to treat toenail fungus infections, warts, cold sores, haemorrhoids, and osteoarthritis. Camphor is applied topically to enhance local blood flow and as a "counterirritant," which causes discomfort to lessen pain and swelling. Camphor should not be applied to broken skin since it can quickly enter the bloodstream and reach high enough amounts to induce poisoning. Over the next five years, the global camphor market is expected to develop at a CAGR of 7.9%. The growing demand for camphor in the manufacture of medicine for various disorders is projected to propel the camphor market forward in the approaching years. Camphor, also known as camphor powder (technical grade) or camphor oil, is an organic chemical that comes in the form of white crystals or crystalline powder and has a minty odour and a faint numbing taste. Its CAS number is 458-28-4. Camphor Powder (Technical grade) (CAS-No. 458-28-4) has a molecular weight of 164.23g/mol and is discovered to be the principal component in this type of product. Camphor powder, commonly known as camphor crystals, is derived from the wood of Cinnamomum trees. The bark and leaves of these trees are used to manufacture essential oils and medicine in China, Southeast Asia, and India. Camphor has been used as a pain reliever since ancient Greece and Rome, and it is still a common ingredient in ointments, liniments, and balms today. Key Players • Camphor & Allied Products Ltd. • Kanchi Karpooram Ltd. • Mangalam Organics Ltd. • Oriental Aromatics Ltd. • Oriental Aromatics Ltd. • Saptagir Camphor Ltd.
Plant capacity: 600 Kgs Per dayPlant & machinery: 96 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 160 Lakh
Return: 29.00%Break even: 67.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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