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Best Business Opportunities in Assam - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Food processing: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food or to transform food into other forms for consumption by humans or animals either in the home or by the food processing industry. Food processing typically takes clean, harvested crops or butchered animal products and uses these to produce attractive, marketable and often long shelf-life food products. Assam has many agricultural and horticultural products. Assam has a fertile soil conducive to cultivation of fruits and vegetables. So far the fruits and vegetables grown in Assam have been sent by rail or road to other parts of the country, which can be used for processing many kinds of food. Apart from rice mills, flour mills and oil mills, many small establishments of producing biscuits, lozenges, soft drinks and snacks have recently come in the town and commercial centres of the region.

The food processing sector has the potential to grow in Assam with increasing demand for processed food. Opportunities exist in processing, sourcing, setting up cold chains and logistics. The Government of India has approved for setting up a Food Processing Industrial Park at Chaygaon near Guwahati in Kamrup District.

 

Resources

Assam has an abundance of natural resources which are yet to be engaged industriously. The agro-climatic condition of the State favour the growth of a variety of fruits and vegetables/ spices including orange, banana, pineapple, arecanut, coconut, guava, mango, jackfruit, citrus fruits, ginger, turmeric, chillies, potatoes, etc. Until recently, horticulture was practiced as a largely non-commercial activity. However, with better quality planting material, sufficient research support and better know-how, the State could easily be poised for a major boom in the fruit growing and food processing industry. Following are key potential industries to be developed on the core strengths of our state:

•    Multi cropping in agriculture sector

•    Assam is the world’s single largest tea growing region

•    Abundant resource of fresh water,

•    Major varieties of the major fruits grown in Assam are Banana, orange, litchi, pineapple, papaya

•    Assam has abundant productive and diversified water resources to support surplus fish production to feel the growing fish eating population of the state.

•    Livestock is an important component of mixed farming system in Assam as the meat consumption in Assam is high.

The per capita availability of milk is 70gm/day in comparison to the all India figure of 246gm/day.

 

Government policies/ scheme

To fulfil the need for creation of integrated and holistic infrastructure for food processing sector, Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) had launched new Schemes in 11th FYP with strong focus on creation of modern enabling infrastructure to facilitate growth of food processing and creation of an integrated cold chain mechanism for handling perishable produce. Under the initiatives of MOFPI for strengthening infrastructure in agro  and food processing sector, it had launched the Mega Food Parks Scheme, Scheme for Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure and Scheme for Modernization of Abattoirs in the 11th  Five Year Plan. The Government of India has sanctioned a food processing park with a total project cost of Rs. 5.95 crores. The park is being set up near Chaygaon in the district of Kamrup (rural). The implementing agency for the food processing is Assam Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd.

 

 

 

Medicinal plants: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Medicinal plants are various plants used in herbalism and thought by some to have medicinal properties. Medical Plant constitutes an important therapeutic aid in alleviating ailments. Almost 80% of the world population, particularly in the third world are fully dependent on medicinal plants for meeting their health care needs. The herbal medicines today symbolize safety in contrast to the synthetics that are regarded as unsafe to human and environment. In the primeval times, the Indian sagacious held the view that herbal medicines are the only resolution to treat numeral health related problems and diseases. It is becoming more main stream as improvements in analysis and quality control along with advances in clinical research show the value of herbal medicine in the treating and preventing disease. Increasing interest in herbal products has today accelerated the growth of medicinal plant-based industries.

 

Resources

Assam is primarily an agrarian economy, with 74% of its population engaged in agriculture and allied activities. There are over 1500 species of medicinal plants reported so far from India and more than 350 species from Assam. They can not only cure our ailments but can also be a potential source of economic development. Assam with a total geographical area of 78438 sq. km is very rich in land resources. Its vast fertile alluvial tracts and low hills with suitable climatic condition offer excellent condition for utilization of for different uses. Assam is basically an agriculture dependent state. More than 65 per cent of its total area is under agriculture.

Government policies

The provisions of this Environment code of practice (ECP) - Agriculture, comply with the legal requirements and conventions, which govern the collection, cultivation processing, handling, packaging & storage of medicinal plant or its derivatives. Prior to selection of species, the cultivator shall apply for and obtain permission from State Medicinal Plants Boards (SMPB), Government of Assam and National Horticulture Board (NHB). The proof of obtaining clearance shall be a pre-requisite for inclusion as beneficiary in the project. The District Agriculture Officer (DAO) shall be responsible for verification of the same. 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. There are some substances, like opal, which have the appearance of a mineral but lack any definite internal structure, are sometimes called "mineraloids". The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

Resources

Assam is endowed with vast mineral resources. Assam is rich in mineral resources like Coal (320 Mn.T.), Limestone (703 Mn.T.), Iron Ore (11 Mn.T) and Granite (1 Bn. Cu. Mtrs) along many more resources like Fireclay, Lithomarge, Fuller's Earth, Sillimanite and Glass Sand. The coal found in Assam has a high sulphur content and high volatile matter content, thereby reducing its coke ability. The most important minerals being exploited so far in Assam are coal, oil and gas, limestone and sillimanite. Limestone with reserves of about 500 million tonnes is another important resource and is available in various grades. The China clay available in the Karbi-Anglong district is a vital input for the ceramics industry and has already spawned a few small plants. Deposits of decorative stone like granite estimated to be more than a billion cubic meters are available in various shades and colours, which have a huge market potential locally and abroad. Opportunities based on minerals are Gasification & Liquefaction of Coal, De-Sulphurisation of Coal, Coal based Power Plant, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Extraction, Exploration of Oil & Natural Gas and HDPE / LLDPE / Polypropylene basedindustries. Assam has an abundant reserve of petroleum. It takes care of 25% of India's petrol requirement.

Government policies

The  role to be played by the Central and State Governments in  regard  to  mineral  development has  been  extensively  dealt in  the  Mines  and Minerals (Development and Regulation)  Act, 1957  and Rules  made under the Act by  the  Central  Government and  the  State  Governments in their  respective  domains.   The provisions  of  the  Act  and the Rules  will  be  reviewed  and  harmonised  with  the basic features of the new  National Mineral  Policy.  In future the core functions of the State in mining will be facilitation and regulation of exploration and mining activities of investors and entrepreneurs, provision of infrastructure and tax collection.  In mining activities, there shall be arms length distance between State agencies (Public Sector Undertakings) that mine and those that regulate.  There shall be transparency and fair play in the reservation of ore bodies to State agencies on such areas where private players are not holding or have not applied for exploration or mining, unless security considerations or specific public interests are involved. Recently, the Union Government after reviewing the current mining sector, mineral development and keeping in view the availability of the valuable finite resource have announced the National Mineral Policy (NMP))- 2010. Research organisations, including the National Mineral Processing Laboratories of the Indian Bureau of Mines should be strengthened for development of processes for beneficiation and mineral and elemental analysis of ores and ore dressing products. There shall be co-operation between and co-ordination among all organisations in public and private sector engaged in this task.

 

Oil refinery and its products: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Indian Oil group of companies owns and operates 10 out of India’s 20 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 65.7 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA, .i.e. 1.30 million barrels per day approx.). Indian Oil and its subsidiaries account for 47% petroleum products market share. The companydistributes its products directly to bulk customers and to retail customers via a network of retail outlets and dealers/distributors. The Indian oil and gas sector is one of the six core industries in India and has very significant forward linkages with the entire economy. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) and Oil India Ltd. (OIL) are the two National Oil Companies (NOC)s.

Resources

Assam has the oldest refinery in the country which started commercial production in 1901. Assam was the first state in the country where in 1889 oil was struck at Digboi in Tinsukia district. The refinery, now belonging to the Assam Division of the Indian Oil Corporation, has a refining capacity of 3 lakh tonnes of petrol, kerosene, diesel and other petroleum products.         

The second refinery in Assam was set up at Noonmati in Guwahati under the public sector. It started production in 1962. It produces liquified petroleum gas (LPG), petrol, kerosene, diesel, furnace oil, coke etc. The third refinery in the region was established at Dhaligoan near Bongaigaon in 1962. It is known as Bongaigaon Refinery and Petro-Chemicals Limited (BRPL).  The fourth refinery in the state was established at Numaligarh of Golaghat district in 1999, with a refining capacity of 3 million tonnes of oil and other products.

Government policies

The oil ministry has empowered state-run exploration firms ONGC and Oil India to choose customers for gas produced from small fields where output is less than 0.1 million standard cubic meters per day, which would reduce bureaucratic delays and help companies generate revenue expeditiously. Oil India Limited (OIL), a Government of India Enterprise, under the administrative set-up of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, is engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. The growing demand for crude oil and gas in the country and policy initiative of Government of India towards increased E&P  activity, have given a great impetus to the Indian E&P industry raising hopes of increased exploration. The government in order to increase exploration activity approved the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in March 1997 which would level the playing field in the upstream sector between private and public sector companies in all fiscal, financial and contractual matters. There will be no mandatory state participation through ONGC/OIL nor there did any carry interest of the government.  

 

 

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

 

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

 

Resources

 

Assam is the largest producer of tea in India. Assam tea is well known for its distinct quality, especially for its strong liquor, rich taste and colour. Of the agriculture-based industries, tea occupies an important place in Assam. In Assam, tea is grown both in the Brahmaputra and Barak plains. Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat, Nagaon and Sonitpur are the districts where tea gardens are mostly found. Assam produces 51% of the tea produced in India and about 1/6th of thetea produced in the world. In 1970, the Guwahati Tea Auction Centre was established for better marketing of the tea produced in the region. This is the world's largest CTC tea auction centre and the world's secondlargest in terms of total tea. It now auctions more than 150 million kg of tea valued at more than Rs 550.00 crores annually. Tea industry has contributed substantially to the economy of Assam. About 17 percent of the workers of Assam are engaged in the tea industry.

Government policies

 

The Government of India has created a Special Purpose Tea Fund (SPTF) which is meant for rejuvenation of tea bushes. This will benefit about 700-800 tea gardens of the state. In an important policy decision – the Government has decided to secure a geographical indication for the tea produced in the state. ‘Assam Tea’ will be known as ‘Assam Orthodox Tea’ once the geographical indication is secured, thus making it an exclusive commodity and raising its stakes in the global market.

 

Plastic: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Plastics are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics.  Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. India's plastics processing sector will grow from 69,000 machines to 150,000 machines by the year 2020. India's demand for plastics in irrigation alone is pegged to cross 2.5 million tonnes by 2015. Indian automobile industry is growing at more than 18% p.a. and is hungry for plastics. The plastics processing industry is a source of great potential for global businesses.

Resources

With the Assam Gas Cracker Project, also known as the Brahmaputra Crackers and Polymers Ltd (BCPL), due to come up by 2012, the Assam government has put its focus on promoting and attracting plastic-based downstream industries. For the state, coming up of downstream industries in large numbers as a result of the Gas Cracker Project would not only bring in large amount of investments, but would generate huge employment opportunities.

Government policies

The government has acquired 1,500 bighas of land in Tinsukia in upper Assam for setting up a plastic park, which would be the first in North-East. Bordoloi told Business Standard that the government would form a special purpose vehicle (SPV) in association with private players to implement the plastic park. He added that the SPV will be formed in two to three months. The government has already released Rs 10 crore for the park.

 

 

Power: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

The power industry is responsible for the production and delivery of electrical energy in sufficient quantities via a power grid. Given the demand for electricity is uniform across all domestic, industrial and commercial operations, power is viewed as a public utility and basic infrastructure. The electrical power industry is commonly split up into four processes, namely, electricity generation (e.g. power station), electric power transmission, electricity distribution and electricity retailing. In many countries, electric power companies own the whole infrastructure from generating stations to transmission and distribution infrastructure. For this reason, electric power is viewed as a natural monopoly and is thus heavily regulated.

Resources

Assam has made much improvement in power generation. It has a number of coal based thermal plants to produce electric power. There is no dearth of coal mines in the state. This ensures that the supply of coal to these plants is uninterrupted. In recent years, several thermal power plants in Assam are in operation. These have tackled most of the earlier problems. The Assam thermal plants are aiming to generate enough electricity for the entire state. Some of the major Assam power plants are: Namrup Thermal Power Station (NTPS).It is managed by the Assam State Electricity Board (ASEB). It has a power generation capacity of 134MW. The NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) is investing more money in thermal power generation in Assam. Some of the upcoming Assam thermal power plants are Assam Power Generation Company Ltd., The existing Assam Thermal Power Plants are being expanded to help in the production of more electric energy.

Government policies

The Government is committed to ensure uninterrupted quality power supply by way of dedicated feeders from Grid Substation of Power distribution companies to all the Industrial Estates/Parks. Private Industrial Estates will be allowed to install Captive Power Plant to generate and distribute within such Industrial Estates/ Parks subject to provision of the Electricity Act, 2003 and rules there under. At the same time the State would encourage Private Power Generators to set up Power Plants. Assam is poised to have surplus quality power in the near future through the National Power Grid which is in advanced stage of implementation. Power sector in Assam has received the assistance from Asian Development Bank. Investment has been made in the sub-transmission and distribution sector. Power supply to Assam is ensured from Central Generating Stations owned by Corporations under the Government of India.

 

 

Cottage industry: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

A cottage is a farmhouse usually in rural areas. A cottage industry is a small self-help industry that is carried out in the home, community centre, parish hall or some other convenient place. Such industries are evident in handicrafts, catering, tailoring, dressmaking, beauty culture, retailing of dry goods, pottery and furniture making on a small scale. Cottage industries developed mainly out of the need for an additional source of income, because of the need to use one's spare time gainfully and because of the relative ease of acquiring the necessary raw materials to set up such industries.

Resources

Assam was traditionally famous for its cottage industry, especially spinning and weaving. Pat or pure silk production is essentially confined to Assam. Assam produces about 10% of total natural silk of India. Assam also produces Muga, the golden silk. Assam is also the main producer of Eri or Endi. Weaving is an important cottage industry of Assam. It is a traditional industry which can be traced back to very ancient times. There are about 7,00,000 looms in Assam, where majority are primitive foot looms. Only some looms of Sualkuchi, used for commercial production of silk cloth, are powered. Bell-metal work is a traditional cottage industry of Assam. The products made of bell-metal are traditional plates, cups, tumblers, pitchers, bowls, Sarai (a tray with a stand), dwarf pitchers, pots, hookahs and musical instruments. Brass-work is also an important traditional handicraft of Assam. Brass articles are produced not only for day-to-day use, but also for interior decoration. The total production of marketable finished goods annually is about300 tonnes.

Government policies

The Assam Preferential Stores Purchase Act, 1989 (to replace the Assam Preferential Stores Purchase Rules, 1972) enactment is aimed to encourage growth of industries in the State and to implement the Industrial Policy announced and published by the Govt. of Assam vide Notification No. CL 586/85 dated 24th December, 1986. Objectives of this enactment is to encourage small scale and cottage industries by preferential purchase of their products, to rationalize the procedure for purchase of stores required by the State Government, companies and undertakings, Small Industries, Khadi and Cottage industries registered under this Act shall be exempted from payment of earnest money and security deposit for items in respect of which the units are registered.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here.

Resources

Every year the number of visitors to Assam has been steadily increasing. The state has unparalleled tourist attractions like wildlife sanctuaries, adventure tourism, eco-tourism, hill stations, lakes and places of historical heritage. There are five national parks; Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri, Dibru- saikhowa, Orang and fifteen wildlife sanctuaries in Assam named; Gibbon, Garampani, Burachapari, Bornadi, Sonai-Rupai, Pobitora, Panidehing, Bherjan, Nambor, North-karbi-anglong, East-karbi-anglong, Laokhowa, Charkarasila, Marat-Longri, Nabbor-Doigurang, Borail and Amchang. The famous species of one horned rhino is found only in Assam. It has many Golf Fields and offers a huge potential in sports tourism. Assam's natural landscape, lush green forests, wild life sanctuaries, pilgrimage spots and tea gardens offer a wide choice to cater to the tastes of a variety of tourists from the casual sightseer to the adventure tourist. With the withdrawal of the Restricted Area Permit (RAP), tourism is poised for a major boom. 

 

Government policies

The Government of Assam came up with the Assam Tourism Policy2008 with the following objectives:

•        To place tourism sector on a high priority in the economic development of the state.

•        To harness tourism potentials to make it environmentally sustainable, socially culturally enriching and economically beneficial.

•        To create awareness and evolve suitable institution arrangement for effective participation of the people.

•        To improve quality of the existing tourism products.

•        To promote infrastructure of international standard.

•        To devise long term human resource development strategy.

•        Encourage Public-Private Partnership in tourism development.

The Assam Tourism Policy, 2008 has added to the enthusiasm amongst the entrepreneurs and has also attracted big players like Indian hotels Company Ltd (Taj group) to set up a 5 star hotel in Guwahati. Many more such projects are in the pipeline. Guwahati airport has emerged as one of the busiest airports in the country with almost all domestic airlines connecting Guwahati and other airports of the state virtually to most of the major metros of the country.

 

Agriculture: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

While most other states in India are gradually moving away from their traditional agriculture-based economy toward industry or service-oriented economy, Assam is still heavily dependent on the agricultural sector. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2009, about 50% of the total workforce. The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India.

Resources

Assam Agriculture is the primary sector in the state's economy. The socio-economic condition of Assam largely depends on its agricultural production.  Assam produces both food and cash crops. The principal food crops produced in the state are rice (paddy), maize (corn), pulses, potato, wheat, etc., while the principal cash crops are tea, jute, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, and tobacco. Although rice is the most important and staple crop of Assam, its productivity over the years has not increased while other crops have seen a slight rise in both productivity and land acreage.

Government policies

The Government of Assam in consonance with    the       National Agriculture Policy laid down few policy objectives in the Agriculture Sector. Those include:

·         The Agriculture and allied sector grows at the rate of 4 p.c. per annum for the next decade to provide food security and to improve the nutritional intake of the people of the State as well as significantly decrease the population below the poverty line.

·         To increase the productivity of all major crops, particularly that of rice, wheat, pulses and oil seeds.

·         To increase the cropping intensity in the sector through increase in irrigation facilities as well as giving a boost to mechanization in the State, to make it at par with the rest of the country by the end of the 10th plan.

·         To diversify into other crops, specially wheat, oilseeds, and partly pulses, as well as improve production of horticultural crops.

·         As the bulk of the population in the State lives in the rural area and most of the people are dependent on Agriculture and allied sectors for their livelihood, the Government sees this sector as the engine for growth of the economy in the long run and wishes to treat the Agriculture Sector as an area of maximum employment generation in the State.

·         Since the resources at the disposal of the State are limited, the endeavour will be to converge the resources available under various Government schemes like SGSY and PMGSY etc. to ensure that funds are spent keeping in view the long term growth of the Agriculture and Allied Sector in the State.

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Assam

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

The Guwahati City generates over 300 MT of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) on a daily basis and has almost 639 Kms street length. Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC), which provides municipal services to 8.2 Lakhs citizens of Guwahati city, is desirous to select a suitable developer/ private operator to establish a viable & environmentally sustainable integrated municipal waste management system through a suitable mechanism to manage the collection, transportation, processing and disposal.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Maize Processing (Starch, Glucose, Germs, Fibres, Gluten & Steep Water) Manufacturing Business. Best Opportunities for startups.

Introduction Maize (Zea mays L.l, or corn as it is known in the United States) is a versatile crop that ranks second only to wheat in terms of total production among the world's cereal crops. Maize also has a broader range of uses than any other cereal due to its global availability and lower costs compared to other cereals. There are a number of countries in the developing world where maize is a main staple food and per capita human consumption is high. On a conventional and industrial scale, maize can be processed into a variety of items for various end uses. Related projects:- Maize, Corn and its By Products , Derivatives, Maize Processing Industry Although conventional manufacturing provides a significant portion of the goods used in developing countries, industrial processing meets the majority of demand in developed countries. However, substantial improvements are taking place in the production of maize for major uses throughout developing countries. Easy processing machines are increasingly being used for dehulling, dry and wet milling operations. Furthermore, a few commercial maize processing mills are in service in some developing countries, such as Nigeria, supplying brewers grits, maize flour, and maize meal. Nonetheless, the developing world accounts for just over 40% of global maize intake, as well as the majority of direct human consumption. Commercial and subsistence farmers grow a wide variety of maize varieties, including local and improved varieties. Consumers in a given region use specific maize varieties to manufacture the main food items. Related Books:- Maize (Corn) Products in India (Starch, Glucose, Dextrose, Sorbitol) Trends, Opportunities, Market Analysis and Forecasts (Upto 2017) Maize Processing Cleaning and conditioning Cleaning and conditioning maize refers to the elimination of foreign material and anything that is not maize kernels from the to-be milled grain that lowers the quality of the crop, such as husk, straw, dust, sand, and anything too large or too small and lighter than a maize kernel from the to-be milled grain that lowers the quality of the product. It also includes the elimination of toxic seeds as well as materials that are hazardous to milling machinery, such as metal and stones. Conditioning is the process of adding moisture to maize so that the bran can be peeled off in flakes during milling with plate or roller mills, allowing for quick separation in a sifter and, most importantly, adding mass to the meal. Milling and sifting Following this process, milling can commence and may take several forms: To grind the grain, use a roller mill. There are three types of roller mills: single roller mill, double roller mill, and pneumatic roller mill. The mill uses grinding rollers. In a full maize milling facility, multiple roller mills work together to perform various functions: the first mill peels the maize skin, the second and third mills grind the maize into granular size while simultaneously producing super fine flour, and the granular sized product is sent to the next mill to continue grinding. Grinding During the grinding process, sift the meal from the miller with a double bin sifter or a square plan sifter, classifying and sifting more super flour. Sifting is commonly used to separate flour and bran, but it often separates large and small sizes to ensure flour consistency. Final product packing Maize will be refined into a variety of final items, including flour and grits. They vary in terms of granular scale. A Full-auto Flour Packing Machine is used to prepare the flour, which is then divided into 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg, or 50 kg sacks. Related Videos:- How to Manufacture Maize, Corn and its By Products Uses Maize is used primarily as: • A staple food for human consumption • Animal feed • Raw material for industrial use It can also be used as a source of seed. In the developed world. Maize is used primarily for livestock feed and as an industrial raw material for food and non-food applications. To the contrary. The majority of maize produced in developing countries is used for human consumption, though animal feed is becoming more common. The grain varieties used are flint and sorghum. There's a dent. Floury or with a texture similar to that of intermediate endosperm. Varieties in white and yellow are used. Global Corn Market Outlook In 2020, the global corn market will hit 1118 million metric tonnes. Between 2021 and 2026, the corn market is projected to expand at a CAGR of 5.3 percent, reaching a volume of nearly 1524 million metric tonnes. Crop is becoming more widely used in end-use sectors, which is driving the global corn market. Corn is used to make corn starch, which has a wide range of uses. The corn starch industry, in particular, is rapidly expanding. Corn starch is used in a variety of products, including food ingredients, papers, ethanol, and sweeteners. It's also used in animal feed manufacturing. The overall corn market is being boosted by rising market demand for all of these goods. Increased production of the crop has resulted from increased demand for animal feed and ethanol. Corn is used to make biofuel because of its high starch content, which allows it to be quickly converted into ethanol. Related Projects:- Maize, Corn and its By Products , Derivatives, Maize Processing Industry, Corn Starch, Dextrose, Liquid Glucose, Sorbitol, Oil, Gluten, Germ Oil, Wet Milling, Maize Starch Plant & related Products, High-Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS)Projects The growing use of the crop in end-use industries is driving the increasingly rising demand for the commodity in the United States and China. Since corn starch is used in the production of sorbitol and sweeteners, the United States is a major confectionery market that is propelling the corn market forward. The corn market is also fueled by the product's easy availability and low production costs. The growth of the corn market has been aided by the government's favourable policies, as well as increased FDI flows for both pharmaceuticals and personal care products, especially in the Asia Pacific region. In Asia Pacific, India and China are the two most important emerging markets for the product. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles The Indian Corn Starch Market In 2018, the Indian corn starch market was estimated to be worth $1.37 billion, and it is expected to expand at a CAGR of 3.9 percent from 2019 to 2024. The easy availability of corn and its wide range of applications in various industries such as food and beverage, pharmaceutical, animal feed, textile industry, paper industry, and others are driving the growth of the India Corn Starch market. The application segment of the India Corn Starch Market was dominated by the food and beverage industry. The rapid growth of India's population, as well as its rapid industrialization, has fueled the demand for corn starch. Market Research: - Market Research Report The Global Corn Glucose Market In 2020, the global corn glucose market will be worth US$ 2.1 billion. Corn glucose, also known as glucose syrup, is a food syrup made from corn starch hydrolysis. It's primarily a concentrated calorie source with no nutritional benefit. Corn glucose has become a common sugar substitute over the last few years. Corn glucose demand in the food processing industry has also increased significantly in recent years. It is primarily used as a main ingredient in commercially prepared foods to enhance flavour, improve colour, add volume, and give the food a smooth texture. Corn glucose is widely used in confectionery, preserves, tinned fruits, ice cream, sorbets, juices, dairy cakes, cookies, pastry, cereals, ketchup, sauces, vitamin tonics, and cough medicine since it prevents sugar crystallization. Few Major Players: • Aksharchem (India) Ltd. • Amaravati Agro Ltd. • Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. • Devi Corn Products Ltd. • Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. • Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd. • Gulshan Polyols Ltd. For More Details, Click Here: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/MAIZE%20PROCESSING%20UNIT
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Business of Glass Vials. Investment Opportunities & Market Demand. Rising Demand of Glass Vials in Pharmaceutical Sector.

Introduction: A vial is a small glass jar that is cylindrical in shape that is used to store liquid medicines. It is common knowledge that vials are widely used in the medical field. This is gradually changing these days. Vials are in high demand in a variety of industries, including hunting, criminal justice, and department stores. Vials come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including glass, plastic tubes, jars, aluminum tubes, and dispenser tubes. Vials are often used in forensic laboratories in the criminal justice system. Related Projects: - Glass, Flat Glass, Art Glass, Hollow Glass, Automotive Glass, Optical Glass, glass processing line, Glassware Industry, Ceramic, Industrial Ceramics production, Ceramic Powder, Refractory, Pottery, Mining Industry, Metals and Natural Resources Industry The forensics division's entomology division, which studies insects and violent crimes. Killing jars are small jars that are used to capture and destroy insects with little impact. Glass or plastic are the most common materials for vials, and the material you choose must be consistent with your samples and storage methods. Plastic vials are widely used in centrifuges, auto samplers, and cryogenic processes in laboratories. Some chemicals, such as hydrofluoric acid, must be held in plastic rather than glass. Rising Demand of Glass Vials in Pharmaceutical Sector Due to Covid-19: The world is reacting quickly and decisively to the unprecedented Covid-19 pandemic. Pharmaceutical companies all over the world are working nonstop to find a solution to the global health crisis caused by Covid-19. Related Book: - The Complete Book on Glass Technology As a result of this, demand for glass vials is increasing in the pharmaceutical industry around the world, in anticipation of the demand for COVID-19 vaccine supply. Various safety steps, such as meticulous implementation of safety protocols and increased vigilance in global manufacturing plants. Uses of Glass Vials: Medicines and laboratory samples are normally stored in vials. While vials are most commonly associated with the medical sector, they are often used in a variety of environments, ranging from law enforcement agencies to department stores. Vials come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and they're all used to keep a product safe from adsorption or leaching. To secure your samples and goods, it's worth investing in high-quality vials. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Any sample preservation vial should have an airtight seal while also allowing easy access to the sample. Glass vials have been used since ancient civilizations. A smooth, transparent surface on a glass vial helps you to visually check the contents for contamination or deterioration. Glass Vial is made of ample raw materials and is recyclable and reusable. Production process: Glass vial production necessitates the ability to strike a balance between quality control and efficiency. Heroism Since the coating on glass vials is only applied to the exterior of the vial, there is no increased danger of extractable and leachable substances. The vials' coefficient of friction is reduced by the external coating, allowing them to process with less resistance on a filling line than traditional borosilic vials. According to ISO 4802, a glass vial manufactured in this manner releases less alkali and has a lower delamination tendency. Furthermore, as compared to the alkali content in the glass interior, the alkali content in the hot-formed peripheral area is only marginally lower. Market Outlook: The Global Vials Market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 7%. Increasing government investment in the biochemical industry, as well as an increase in the number of chemical laboratories, would help to propel this market forward. High investment costs, on the other hand, would limit the market's growth and are likely to limit profit margins. In the years 2019-2026, the global vials market is expected to grow at a significant rate. Market Research: - Market Research Report Unlike plastic or aluminum, glass does not add flavors to the drugs it stores, preserving their integrity and driving demand for glass vials in pharmaceutical and personal care packaging. Glass vials have been favored by manufacturers, distributors, and retailers over alternative containers on the market because they offer a longer shelf life, ease of use, and contamination-free storage, among other benefits. Glass vials are easily recyclable, making them a popular option among environmentally conscious consumers. Glass vial packaging, on the other hand, is a capital-intensive business that requires the use of large furnaces and machines. The continuous advances in drug delivery formats used in the healthcare industry have a direct impact on the glass vials market. Key Players: • Adelphi Healthcare Packaging • Comar LLC. • Schott AG • Gerresheimer AG • PerkinElmer Inc. • Phoenix Glass • LLC • Pacific Vial • Qosmedix • Hanna Instruments • Inc. • Fusion Packaging For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=11&SubCatId=11&CatName=Glass,%20%20Flat%20Glass
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Set up a Manufacturing Plant of Transformer Oil from Base Oil. Opportunities in Petroleum Business.

Introduction: Transformer oil, also known as insulating oil, is a high-temperature stable oil with excellent electrical insulating properties. It's used in oil-filled transformers, high-voltage capacitors of various forms, fluorescent lamp ballasts, and high-voltage switches and circuit breakers. The oil analysis is the ultimate starting point for any transformer evaluation. It's an essential predictor of good health, much like blood tests in humans. Its functions include insulation, suppression of corona discharge and arcing, and cooling. Mineral oil is the most common base for transformer oil, but alternative formulations with improved engineering or environmental properties are gaining traction. Related Projects: - Transformer, Distribution Transformer, Electrical Transformer, Current Transformers, Voltage Stabilizers, Servo Controlled Stabilizer, UPS, Inverter, Power Inverters, Transformer Oil and Repair of Distribution, Power Transformer Transformer oils are extremely susceptible to contamination by water or other contaminants. Contamination of transformer oils by water, soil, or fibres results in a significant loss of electrical properties. Dust particles and textile fibres absorb moisture and orient themselves in an orientation or bridge to the associated high and low voltage sides, causing ‘arcing' and dielectric breakdown. When a transformer is in use, the oil is subjected to electrical and mechanical stresses. Chemical interactions with windings and other solid insulation, catalyzed by high operating temperatures, often cause contamination. Base Oil: Base oils are used to make lubricating greases, engine oil, and metal processing fluids, among other things. Different goods necessitate different oil compositions and properties. The viscosity of the liquid at different temperatures is one of the most significant factors. The concentration of base oil molecules, as well as how easily these can be removed, determine whether or not a crude oil is appropriate for making into a base oil. Related Books: - Petroleum, Greases, Petrochemicals, Lubricants The process of refining crude oil yields base oil. This refers to the heating of crude oil in order to distinguish different distillates from one another. Light and heavy hydrocarbons are separated during the heating process; the lighter ones can be processed to produce petrol and other fuels, while the heavier ones can be used to make bitumen and base oils. Uses of Transformer Oil: Insulating oil, also known as transformer oil, is an oil that stays stable at high temperatures. It's used in oil-filled transformers because of its high electrical insulating properties. It is a liquid insulation that is used in electrical power transformers to absorb heat produced by the transformers. Transformer oil serves a variety of purposes, the most important of which are high insulating and cooling properties. Transformer oil is a mineral-based oil with chemical properties and dielectric strength that is widely used in transformers. This oil serves as an insulator and a cooling agent in transformers. This high-temperature, high-resistance oil, also known as transformer oil or insulating oil, is used in many of the products that hold our modern world afloat. Transformer oil serves a variety of purposes, the most important of which is to protect transformers. Production Process: Dielectric Insulation or Transformer Oil Hydro finished base oils of group II + can be used to make oil and other oils for electrical machinery and installations. The base stocks are chosen based on the user's viscosity requirements. Pour point is also a crucial property for base oil selection in colder countries. Related Videos: - Petroleum and Petroleum Products Transformer oils are extremely susceptible to contamination by water or other contaminants. Contamination of transformer oils by water, soil, or fibres results in a significant loss of electrical properties. Dust particles and textile fibres absorb moisture and orient themselves in an orientation or bridge to the associated high and low voltage sides, causing ‘arcing' and dielectric breakdown. Though major breakdowns are uncommon and usually result in machine failure, small local arcs are common. It does not harm the system right away, but it does harm to the oil. Market Outlook: The global market for transformer oil is projected to rise at an annual rate of 8.3% until 2022, owing to increased demand from the power industry's transmission and distribution segment. The global transformer oil market was valued at USD 1.56 billion in 2016 and is projected to rise at an 11.5 percent annual rate between 2017 and 2025. Transformer oil products are in high demand due to the need to improve rural and urban infrastructure. Increased demand for electricity in developing and developed countries, as well as increased infrastructure spending for energy access, would drive the global transformer oil market. Because of the growing demand for new transformers, the growth of transformer oil manufacturers will be faster in emerging markets. Transformer oils are electrical insulating oils that are stable at high temperatures and serve two essential roles in a transformer: arc suppression and heat dissipation. Market Research: - Market Research Report Transformer oil's ability to perform these functions is primarily responsible for its acceptance, which drives market growth. One of the factors driving the transformer oil market's growth is its resistance to oxidation. Other important factors driving transformer oil market share include rural electrification, power grid expansion, and increased investment in the petrochemical industry. Transformer oil, also known as insulating oil, is an oil that has excellent insulating properties and is used in transformers. Transformer oil's primary purpose is to cool and insulate a transformer. Transformer oil has a high dielectric strength and temperature stability. Switchgears and circuit breakers, as well as distribution and power transformers, use transformer oil. Key Players: 1. BASF SE 2. Dairen Chemical Corporation 3. Nynas AB 4. Ergon Inc. 5. Valvoline 6. PetroChina Company Ltd 7. Sinopec Corporation 8. Cargill Inc. For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=92&SubCatId=92&CatName=Transformer,%20Distribution%20Transformer
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Emerging Investment Opportunities to Start your Own Business of Packaged Drinking Water with PET Bottles.

Introduction Packed drinking water is water that has been filtered and disinfected in some way, such as by filtration, UV or ozone treatment, or reverse osmosis (RO), and then packaged in plastic or glass bottles or pouches for our use. A liquid cannot contain sweeteners or chemical additives (other than flavours, extracts, or essences) and must be calorie-free and sugar-free to be considered "bottled water." Related Project:- PACKAGED DRINKING WATER WITH PET BOTTLES PET PET, also known as PETE or Polyethylene Terephthalate, is a solid, rigid synthetic fibre derived from ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. PET is used in almost every plastic water bottle on the planet. But what are the characteristics that make it such an excellent food packaging material? PET containers are not only lightweight, but they also do not react biologically with food. Apart from that, PET is a durable, non-reactive, cost-effective, and shatterproof material that is likely to save the day. PET's protection in food, beverage, and personal care products, as well as pharmaceutical and medical applications, has been acknowledged by health authorities all over the world. One of the main reasons why many manufacturers choose PET is that it is 100% recyclable and highly sustainable. It can be recovered and recycled several times –– into personal care product tubes, carpet and clothing fibres, vehicle components, building materials, industrial strapping, and other packaging materials, for example. Benefits Health Benefits Mineral water is considered to have a variety of health benefits due to its carbonation and mineral content. Contributing to Heart Health In one research, postmenopausal women consumed one litre of mineral water a day for two months at a time. Mineral water consumption reduced bad (LDL) cholesterol levels while increasing healthy (HDL) cholesterol levels, according to the findings. Mineral water helps keep the heart safe and functioning properly, as high cholesterol raises the risk of heart failure and other diseases. Lowering Blood Pressure Researchers tested the effects of mineral water on subjects with borderline hypertension (high blood pressure) and low calcium and magnesium levels in a 2004 report. They noticed a noticeable reduction in these people's blood pressure after four weeks of drinking mineral water. Relieving Symptoms of Constipation Carbonated mineral water can help people with dyspepsia (indigestion) and constipation by reducing constipation and improving symptoms. It also has the added advantage of improving gallbladder function. Health Risks Although there are no known health risks associated with drinking mineral water, drinking it from a plastic bottle may do so. Related Projects: - Water Industry (Distilled water, Packaged Drinking water, Hydropower, Ice, Mineral water Manufacturing Process CHLORINE DOSING SYSTEM: The direct consumption of raw water is considered unfit for drinking as it may contain living microorganisms. Also raw water may hold ferrous compounds which can get oxidized to ferric oxide. They then settle down in the storage tank thus increasing the water woes. The Hypochlorite dosing system, which is used for this purpose. About 3-4 ppm of sodium hypochlorite solution is dosed in raw water storage tank. The solution reacts with water to form a hypo chlorite acids which ultimately acts as a disinfecting agent. RAW WATER STORAGE TANK: For storing chlorinated water with adequate capacity, one number of raw water is needed. PVC pipework and isolation valves, as well as the required type of level indicator, are installed in the tanks. RAW WATER SUPPLY PUMP: A Stainless Steel Horizontal Centrifugal Pump is used to supply a significant proportion of raw water to the Pressure Sand Filter Unit. Along with our machinery, we also have this Raw Water Supply Pump. Related Videos:- Beverages, Fruit Juice, Alcohol, Wine, Whisky, Mineral Water, Packaged Drinking Water, Beer, Energy Drinks, Hard and Soft Drinks, PRESSURE SAND FILTER: Prior to feeding the R.O.Plant, raw water is filtered using a filtration mechanism that employs a series of filtration units. Also included is a Pressure Sand Filter Unit, which is an effective tool for removing suspended matter and turbidity from raw water. Internally, the PSF Unit is equipped with a bottom collection mechanism and is an SS vertical Pressure Vessel. On the supporting media of pebbles and gravels, uniform grades of silica quartz sand are charged. Externally, this device has SS frontal pipework and a Multiport Valve. Over the duty period, water passes through the sand bed in a downward direction, trapping suspended matter and turbid particles and separating them. Due to suspended matter, the sand bed becomes blocked over time, resulting in a higher pressure drop and reduced flow. As a result, the filter bed must be backwashed at some stage. When the pressure drop across the sand bed reaches the prescribed limit (0.5 kg/cm2) or the filtered water quality deteriorates, whichever comes first. Backwashing and rinsing the Sand Bed are part of the regeneration process. To perform the backwashing feature, water is allowed to flow in the opposite direction of the service cycle to loosen the filtering media bed. As a result, entrapped suspended matter detaches and is released along with effluent water. The backwashing process is run for around 10 to 15 minutes, or until the effluent is clear. For sand bed rinsing: To settle the sand bed, service water is directed downward. To ensure that all unclear water is drained out, the effluent water is drained for about 5 minutes. Related Books:- BOOKS & DATABASES ACTIVATED CARBON FILTER: Water obtained from natural sources which contain visible impurities, odours, and bacteria in varying proportions, rendering it unfit for any use. It is therefore necessary to remove these contaminants from water. If the raw water has been chlorinated for die-infection, the free chlorine must be removed before feeding into the R.O. system. Chlorine, which is a potent oxidizing agent, damages the R.O. Membranes. By passing water through a carbon bed, Activated Carbon is the ideal solution for removing chlorine, odour, and colour. Because of their wide surface area, carbon granules can directly absorb organics found in water. The ACF Unit is a pressurized upright vessel made of FRP with a built-in strainer on the bottom that deposits syringes. The frontal tubing is made of stainless steel, and the MPV works externally. The supporting media of Coarse and Fine Silex are charged with granular activated carbon. The feed water is treated by flowing vertically through a Carbon Bed, which removes chlorine and bad odours from the water. The equipment is set aside for regeneration when the pressure level inside the Carbon Bed exceeds the prescribed limit of (0.8 kg/cm2) or the consistency of treated water degrades, whichever comes first. Backwashing and flushing of the Carbon Bed are part of the restoration process. Carbon's consistency deteriorates after prolonged use. Standard laboratory monitoring can be used to keep a close eye on this. Specifically, the iodine value, which is the most important factor in this application. It is standard procedure to substitute activated Carbon granules once a year. ANTI SCALENT DOSING: Precipitation is needed for elements such as salts, calcium, and magnesium that are present in excess quantities. If they reach the solubility limit, the water nutrient level is jeopardized. THE REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEM: The RO method removes dissolved solids from the water after it has been cleaned. It's a device that passes highly concentrated water through a semi-permeable membrane with micro filters. PRODUCT WATER STORAGE TANK: The treated water from the R.O. system is stored in our custom-designed S.S. storage tank, which has the capacity needed. The tank is equipped with a stainless steel pipe system, isolation valves, and the required level indicator. Every tank has a single transfer pump made of stainless steel that feeds the softened water into the MCF. Market Research: - Market Research Report Indian Scenario of Bottled Water Market The demand for bottled water in India is primarily due to a lack of safe drinking water due to an enormous increase in the population, inflow of foreign students and visitors, poor quality of tap water, and the ease with which bottled water can be obtained, as well as a rise in health awareness. Since the government has failed to provide safe drinking water in all areas, private players have stepped in to fill the void while also establishing a thriving market. The best mineral water companies in India are concentrating on increasing market share through effective marketing strategies and appealing packaging. The market was worth Rs 160 billion in 2018, and it is projected to expand at a CAGR of 20.75 percent annually until 2023, when it will be worth Rs 403.06 billion. In 2018, the 1L bottle took 42 percent of the market share, followed by 500 ml bottles and 250 ml bottles. The demand is expected to hit 35.53 billion litres by 2023, rising at an annual rate of 18.25% from 2018 to 2023. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Global Scenario of Bottled Water Market The global bottled water market is exploding as people become more aware of the value of healthy drinking water for good health. Certain diseases, such as fluorosis, malaria, typhoid, diarrhoea, and viral fever, drive the sector. Even the taste of bottled water is contributing to the market's growing demand. In 2018, the global bottled water market was valued at $250 billion, with a forecast of $350 billion by 2021. Nestle, Hangzhou Wahaha Group Co. Ltd, Danone, Coca-Cola, and PepsiCo are some of the market's major players, with retail accounting for the majority of water bottle sales. The global bottled water market was worth about $238 billion in 2017 and is projected to hit $349 billion in 2021, expanding at a CAGR of 9.99 percent between 2017 and 2021. In terms of volume, the demand is forecast to be 437 billion liters in 2017 and 623 billion liters in 2021, with a CAGR of 927 percent between 2017 and 2021. Few Major Players: • Allen Industries Ltd. • Bhagyalaxmi Mineral Water Pvt. Ltd. • Bisleri International Pvt. Ltd. • Cans & Closures Ltd. • Chouksey Agro Pvt. Ltd. • Garden Polymers Pvt. Ltd. • Geo Thermal Water Ltd. For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/PACKAGED%20DRINKING%20WATER%20WITH%20PET%20BOTTLES
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Most Successful Business Idea in Production of Bitumen (Polymer Modified Bitumen, Bitumen Emulsion, Cutback Bitumen). Increasing demand for bitumen in building of national roads, highways, and airport pathways.

Introduction Bitumen is a black or dark-colored (solid, semi-solid, viscous), amorphous, cementitious substance that comes in a variety of types, including rock asphalt, natural bitumen, tar, and petroleum bitumen (bitumen derived from oil). Bitumen can be found in a variety of forms in nature, including rough, easily crumbled bitumen found in rock asphalt and softer, more viscous material found in tar sands and asphalt 'lakes.' Bitumen may also be obtained by petroleum processing; in this case, bitumen is simply the residue left over after a petroleum distillation operation. While natural bitumen exists, the world currently relies on petroleum for all purposes. This is how the content has been made for over a century. Related Project: Production of Bitumen (Polymer Modified Bitumen, Bitumen Emulsion, Cutback Bitumen) Polymer Modified Bitumen (PMB) is a form of specially designed and engineered bitumen that is used to make pavement, heavy-duty roads, and home roofing solutions that can withstand severe weather. PMB is bitumen with a polymer applied to it, giving it added resilience, cohesion, and resistance to fatigue, stripping, and deformations, making it a good choice for infrastructure. Bitumen Emulsion is a combination of fine bitumen droplets and water. However, since bitumen is a petroleum product, it does not mix with water and is sticky, it is difficult to disintegrate into fine droplets. An emulsifier is used to solve this problem. A surface-active agent is what an emulsifier is. By preventing the bitumen from mixing with other droplets, the emulsifier holds it in its fine droplet state. Since the droplets are so tiny, they float in water. “As a result, bitumen emulsion is a dispersed substance made up of three components: water, bitumen, and emulsion.” Cutback Bitumen: Bitumen that has been dissolved in a solvent is known as cutback bitumen (liquid bitumen). Naphtha, gasoline, kerosene, white spirit, and other solvents are popular. The form of solvent determines the curing time, while the volume determines the Cutback Bitumen's viscosity. Depending on the solvent used, cutbacks are classified as either Rapid-Curing (RC) or Medium-Curing (MC). They're also given a number that shows the cutback's minimum kinematic viscosity (fluidity). Related books: - Petroleum, Greases, Lubricants, Petro Chemicals, Wax, Polishes and Petro Products Formulation and Technology Uses The building industry uses the most processed bitumen. It is primarily used in the paving and roofing industries. Bitumen is used as a binder in asphalt for highways, runways, parking lots, and foot paths, accounting for 85 percent of all bitumen generated. Gravel and crushed rock are combined with dense bitumen to keep it together before being added to roads. Because of its waterproofing properties, bitumen is used in the roofing industry for 10% of all bitumen used worldwide. In different construction materials such as carpet tile backing and paint, 5% of bitumen is used for sealing and insulating purposes. Bitumen has a variety of secondary applications in addition to these primary ones. Soundproofing, explosives, mildew safety, a briquette binder, a mirror backing, shoe soles, fence post coating, and soil stabilization are some other examples. Related videos: - Petroleum and Petroleum Products Production Process Distillation The fractional distillation of crude oil produces bitumen. Distillation is usually performed in two stages. The crude oil is first heated to 300-350°C before entering an atmospheric distillation column. At different heights in the column, lighter fractions such as naphtha, kerosene, and gas oil are isolated from crude oil. Heavy residue refers to the heaviest fractions remaining at the bottom of the column. The long residue is heated to 350-400 degrees Celsius before being poured into a vacuum distillation column. Since the equivalent temperature (temperature under atmospheric conditions) is much higher when using reduced pressure, it is possible to distil lighter products from the residue further. Thermal decomposition/cracking of the heavy residue would occur if the second distillation was carried out under atmospheric conditions and the temperature was raised above 400°C. The short residue at the bottom of the column is used as a feedstock for the production of bitumen. Propane De-Asphalting Bitumen can also be made by propane deasphalting, but the properties of propane deasphalted bitumen vary from those created by vacuum distillation from the same feedstock Propane deasphalting may also reduce a residuum even further, resulting in a bituminous product with lower viscosity, higher ductility, and higher temperature susceptibility than other bitumen, though such properties are likely to be crude oil based. Low-bitumen-content crude oils, which are typically different in form and source from those refined by distillation of higher-yield crude oils, are traditionally subjected to propane deasphalting. Related videos: - Petroleum and Petroleum Products Air Blowing In batch and continuous processes, air blowing can change the properties of bitumen. The preparation of bitumen in liquid form by blending (cutting back) bitumen with a petroleum distillate fraction, on the other hand, is common and is usually done in tanks with air agitation coils, a mechanical stirrer, or a vortex mixer. At the bottom of a blowing column, air is heated to 150–250°C and introduced. It then migrates to the top of the column via the bitumen. Bitumen with a different combination of molecular structures results from the chemical reactions. This process can be influenced by catalysts. Visbreaking Heavy products, such as bitumen, have a lower market value than light products. Visbreaking is a technique for converting heavy products (such as crude oil distillation residue or even very heavy crude oils) into lighter ones. To do so, heat the crude oil or residue to 450 degrees Celsius and hold it there for 1 to 20 minutes. A large number of molecular structures are broken down into smaller structures during this period. The visbreaking process's output (VB product) is usually distilled further. Related projects:- Bitumen, Base Oil, Crude Oil, Fuel Oils, Lubricating Oils, Gear Oils, Kerosene Projects Market Outlook Major grades such as paving, oxidized, cutback, emulsion, PMB, and others make up the commodity category. From 2019 to 2026, PMB is expected to develop at a rate of over 4.5 percent. Because of their superior quality and longevity, PMB are commonly used in road construction as well as building and construction. To change the properties of bitumen, different materials are added, such as thermoplastic elastomers like styrene polymers and rubber, thermoplastic polymers like ethylene copolymers, polyethylene, and polypropylene, and thermosetting polymer resins. Related Books:- BOOKS & DATABASES The addition of these polymers in trace amounts, either mechanically or chemically, increases the elasticity and tensile strength of the material, extending its fatigue life. Despite the fact that PMB is a newcomer to the bitumen industry, it will take a long time for it to gain traction. Because of increasing construction and road maintenance all over the world, particularly in Asia Pacific, the paving segment contributed significantly to the overall market and will maintain its share. Because of the type of manufacturing technique and the properties that result, various bitumen types find a broader application in the building and industrial sectors. Market Research: - Market Research Report Penetration graded bitumen products are what paving is known as. It's made from carefully chosen crude oils and refining processes that are meticulously controlled. Asphalt cements and liquid asphalts are the two main types of paving bitumen available on the market. Cement paving grades are semi-solid asphalts that can also be heated into a fluid state. After that, the fluid type is sprayed or combined with other substances. Annual global vehicle sales reached 96.8 million units in 2017 and are projected to rise to 125.5 million units by the end of the forecast period, necessitating the construction of more and better roads. As a result, the market for paving products for roadway applications will be high and will continue to grow in the future. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Few Indian Major Players: • Pure Bitumen • ASIAN BITUMEN COMPANY • Fondement Bitumenous Industries Pvt Ltd • Apilux Paint Factory in Howrah, Kolkata, West Bengal • S N CHEMICALS • New Zeal Constructions • Kudrat Enterprise For more details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/Production%20of%20Bitumen%20(Polymer%20Modified%20Bitumen,%20Bitumen%20Emulsion,%20Cutback%20Bitumen)
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Investment Opportunities in Business of Duplex Paper Board Packing Industry Holds Potential for High Growth.

Introduction: A type of paperboard or cardboard known as duplex board. Since it is made up of two layers, or plies, it is called duplex board. The board's exterior is often coated to increase its water resistance and give it a lustrous sheen. Unlike corrugated cardboard, duplex board is tough, lightweight, and able to take on a bright white look. It's also used to make boxes for a wide range of small products. Duplex board is also used in the food industry to produce garment boxes and cigarette packs, as well as paper plates and cups. Related Project: Duplex Paper - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report Duplex board is a less costly whiteboard alternative with a similar surface finish that offers a printing surface that is equivalent to that of the more expensive whiteboard. Be the first to know about Warehouse Stock duplex board specials from PG Paper. Duplex board (also known as white corrugated boxes) is a two-layer board with a smooth surface that is commonly used for packaging. The term "duplex board" refers to a type of paperboard or cardboard. Uses of Duplex Paper Board: For hygiene reasons, duplex board used in the food industry is not made from recycled paper, but waste paper is occasionally used when the board is used for other purposes. Duplex paper board is commonly used to package lightweight products such as pharmaceuticals, prescription boxes, cigarettes, food packaging, shoeboxes, clothing packaging boxes, cosmetic packaging boxes, and so on. Duplex boards are also used to make matchboxes, greeting cards, book covers, and packaging for handmade items, among other things. Related Book: Paper Products (Kraft Paper, Paper Box, Printing Paper, Paper Board, Etc. Greeting cards, matchboxes, and book covers this type of duplex board is light in weight. Clothing boxes and cigarette packs, as well as paper plates and glasses, are made of duplex board, which is often used in the food industry. Cartons used to deliver packed milk are made of duplex sheet, which is not made of reused paper for hygiene reasons, but squander paper is often used when the load up is allocated for different purposes. Manufacturing Process: The entire production line for duplex board paper, including the paper pulp stock preparation line and the paper making machine. In the paper stock preparation line, waste paper is pulped, screened, cleaned, and refined, and wood pulp is pulped, cleaned, and refined before being stored in separate pulp tanks for use in duplex board paper making machines. Related Videos: Paper Industry, Paper & Paper Board, Paper Bags, Cups, Tube, Disposable Paper Products, Kraft Paper, News Print, Corrugated Board, Hand Made Paper The paper pulp is formed, pressed, dried, sizing, calendared, coated, and finally made into duplex board paper in a duplex board paper making machine. Duplex paperboard is made entirely of recycled paper and is thus environmentally friendly. Ordinary duplex cardboard is not manufactured from recycled paper in the food industry for hygiene reasons; however, waste paper is sometimes used if the paperboard is marked as such. Market Outlook: The demand for duplex board is expected to expand at a pace of 10.4 percent. Duplex board is used for a broad range of applications, including box construction, cardboard layers, and folding carton boards for high-end packaging divisions. Due to the wide range of applications, the duplex board market is projected to grow from 2020 to 2027. The packaging industry has a major impact on the global demand for Duplex board. Paper packaging products offer an environmentally safe and biodegradable alternative for packaging companies. During the forecast era, the duplex board market is expected to be driven by an increase in demand for the e-commerce industry. Because of the high number of cardboard boxes used in the distribution process. Market Research: - Market Research Report The duplex board market is expected to be driven by the optimistic outlook for the retail industry. During the forecast era, the Asia Pacific duplex board is expected to expand. It's because emerging economies like India and China are seeing a rise in demand for environmentally friendly goods. The global duplex board market is mainly driven by growth in the food and beverage and electronics industries, with future demand projected to be driven by growth in the household care and personal care products markets. Furthermore, the growth of the duplex board market is fueled by growing ecommerce, as well as increased demand and spending for packaged goods. Key Players: • International Paper. • Stora Enso Oyj • Venkraft Paper Mills Pvt. Ltd. • JK Paper • Murli Industries • Hangzhou Gerson Paper Co. Ltd • Emami Paper Mills Ltd. • Magnum Ventures Ltd. • Monit Paper • Chemicals (P) Ltd For More Detail: https://niir.org/profile-project-reports/profiles/paper-industry-paper-paper-board-paper-allied-products-paper-bags-cups-cone-
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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas of Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Cell. Solar power in India is a fast developing industry.

Introduction: A solar cell, also known as a photovoltaic cell, is an electrical system that uses the photovoltaic effect, a physical and chemical phenomenon, to transform light energy directly into electricity. It's a type of photoelectric cell, which is characterized as a device with electrical characteristics that change when exposed to light, such as current, voltage, or resistance. Individual solar cell devices are often used as the electrical components of photovoltaic modules, also known as solar panels. Related Projects: Renewable Energy Sector, Green Power, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Hydroelectric, Wind, Geothermal, Biomass, Non-conventional Energy, New and Renewable Energy Projects The maximum open-circuit voltage of a typical single junction silicon solar cell is about 0.5 to 0.6 volts. A solar cell, also known as a photovoltaic cell, is an electrical system that uses the photovoltaic effect, a physical and chemical phenomenon, to transform light energy directly into electricity. It's a type of photoelectric cell, which is characterized as a device with electrical characteristics that change when exposed to light, such as current, voltage, or resistance. Individual solar cell systems may be combined to create a larger system. Uses of Solar Photovoltaic Cell: In situations where photovoltaic cells are more cost-effective than other power generation methods, they are used to generate electricity. They are occasionally used as photo detectors. A photovoltaic (PV) cell is an energy harvesting technology that uses the photovoltaic effect to transform solar energy into usable electricity. Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES PV cells come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they all depend on semiconductors to communicate with photons from the Sun to produce an electric current. Solar cells were quickly used to power space satellites as well as smaller devices like calculators and watches. Solar-generated electricity is now cost-competitive in many areas, and photovoltaic systems are being installed at an increasing rate. Manufacturing Process: From raw quartz to solar cells, a series of steps are involved, beginning with the recovery and purification of silicon, then slicing it into usable discs – silicon wafers – that are then transformed into ready-to-assemble solar cells. Quality control is critical in the manufacture of solar cells because inconsistencies in the many processes and factors will reduce the overall performance of the cells. The main aim of the study is to figure out how to increase the performance of each solar cell over time. Related Videos: Renewable Energy Sector, Green Power, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Hydroelectric, Wind, Non-conventional Energy, New and Renewable Energy Pure silicon, which is not pure in its natural form, is the basic component of a solar cell. Silicon dioxides such as quartzite grit (the purest silica) or crushed quartz are used to make pure silicon. To make a semiconductor capable of conducting electricity, the resulting pure silicon is doped (treated) with phosphorous and boron to create an excess of electrons and a deficiency of electrons, respectively. The gleaming silicon discs necessitate an anti-reflective coating, which is typically titanium dioxide. Market Outlook: Solar photovoltaic (PV) installed capacity is projected to rise at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of more than 8.5 percent, reaching nearly 4.4 GW by 2026, up from 2.7 GW in 2019. The declining cost of solar PV and associated systems is a major driver of the global solar PV industry. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles In comparison to 2010, solar PV module prices have dropped by nearly 73 percent in 2019. Due to rising disposable incomes and the global economy's rapid development, the global solar photovoltaic (PV) panels market offers a variety of opportunities to market participants. Furthermore, utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) is in high demand due to improving solar photovoltaic (PV) cost competitiveness and the electricity demand. According to a study, solar photovoltaic installed capacity surpassed 12 GW in 2016-17. So far, the Southern area of India has dominated major solar installations. In the last four years, the Indian solar photovoltaic market has seen tremendous growth in terms of new capacity addition. The market is governed by large domestic and foreign project developers, with government involvement when required. With the government's increased emphasis on developing the renewable energy sector, India's solar photovoltaic market has already taken off, with the aim of reaching 100 GW of solar power generation capacity by 2022. Indian Government policy on Solar Energy: Solar energy is a rapidly growing industry in India. As of November 30, 2020, the country's solar installed capacity was 36.9 GW. The Indian government set a target of 20 gigawatts of power for 2022, which was met four years ahead of time. Market Research: - Market Research Report The goal was increased in 2015 to 100 GW of solar energy by 2022 (including 40 GW from rooftop solar), with a target investment of $100 billion. Nearly 42 solar parks have been developed in India to provide land to solar plant developers. India proposed the International Solar Alliance (ISA) as a founding member, and it is headquartered in India. To harness abundant solar power on a global scale, India has proposed the concepts of "One Sun, One World, One Grid" and "World Solar Bank." Key Player: • Suntech Power Holding Co. Ltd. • Sun Power Corporation • First Solar Inc. • Yingli Green Energy Holding Co. Ltd. • Canadian Solar Inc. • Schott Solar Ag. • Sharp Corporation • Solar World Ag • Jinko Solar Holding Company Ltd • Trina Solar Ltd For More Detail: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=82&SubCatId=82&CatName=Renewable%20Energy
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Investment Opportunities in Ready Mix Concrete (RMC) Business. Profitable Construction Business Ideas.

Introduction: RMC is more environmentally friendly than site mix concrete because it is mixed in closed chambers, which eliminates noise and emissions. For commercial purposes, ready-mix concrete is also known as customized concrete goods. Ready-mix concrete (RMC) is concrete that has been specially formulated for delivery to a customer's construction site in a raw, plastic, or unhardened state. Concrete is made up of Portland cement, water, and aggregates such as sand, gravel, or crushed stone. Where small amounts of concrete or sporadic concrete placement are needed, ready-mixed concrete is especially advantageous. Ready-mixed concrete is also suitable for large projects where space is scarce and a mixing plant and aggregate stockpiles are not feasible. Related Projects: Construction & Building Materials Projects Any concrete building project needs ready-mixed concrete. It is a useful and effective tool for construction. The concrete is mixed and ready to cast when it arrives at the job site, saving time and money. Ready Mixed Concrete is the complete form of RMC. It is produced in a batching plant or factory according to the appropriate standard specifications. RMC is divided into three categories (Ready Mixed Concrete). 1. Transit mixed concrete 2. Shrink mixed concrete 3. Central mixed concrete Benefits of Ready-Mix Concrete: Since it can be improved to boost certain characteristics, such as additional strength or workability, ready mix concrete has a wide range of applications. This means it's a popular choice for a variety of DIY and commercial ventures, some of which we've mentioned below. Ready-mix concrete is a good way to get good concrete. Concrete mixing plants make use of high-tech machinery and tried-and-true processes. During the manufacturing process, there is strict control over material testing, process parameters, and constant monitoring of key activities. The concrete mixture has a wide range of applications. It is installed using the latest concrete placement techniques. Related Books: Cement, Asbestos, Ceramics, Bricks, Limestone And Construction Materials Manufacturing Technology Ready-mix concrete has proven to be a reliable building material time and time again. This custom technique is adaptable to the methods used by the site contractor, from its use to the method of placement. As a result, the use of ready-mix concrete aids in achieving high-speed construction. Concrete can be generated at a rate of 30-45 cubic meters per hour, compared to 15-20 cubic meters per hour for plants. Concrete RMC's longevity ensures that the proper water-cement ratio is maintained. As a result, RMC's reliability is consistent and improved. The most popular form of concrete is ready-mixed concrete. The mix is made at the plant and then shipped to the contractors for pouring, saving time on the job. In most workplaces, ready-mix concrete is the preferred choice. Production Process: Ready-mix concrete (RMC) is a form of concrete that is mixed according to a collection of proportions in a cement factory, also known as a batching plant, and then delivered to a job site by a truck equipped with mixers. This produces a precise mixture, allowing for the creation and use of specialty concrete mixtures on construction sites. For commercial purposes, ready-mix concrete is also known as customized concrete goods. Ready-mix concrete (RMC) is a form of concrete that is produced specifically for delivery to a customer's construction site in a freshly mixed, plastic, or unhardened state. Cement, aggregates, sand, water, and other chemicals make up ready mix concrete, which is weight-batched at a centrally located plant for superior consistency. Related Videos: Construction & Building Materials Projects The concrete is then transported to the construction site in transit mixers and is ready to use without any further treatment. Weigh-batching, water-cement ratio, admixture dosage, and moisture content are all monitored by the automated plant. In a well-equipped laboratory attached to the facility, all materials used in the preparation of ready mix concrete are extensively checked for consistency and physical properties in order to ensure compliance with applicable international standard codes. The moisture probe measures the amount of water in sand and aggregates. As a result, the proportion of water to be added for the preparation of the mix can be set. Trial mixes are made and checked to ensure that each batch of concrete leaving the plant meets various mix designs as per the client's requirements with various concrete grades. Market Outlook: The global ready-mix concrete market was valued at USD 656.1 billion in 2019 and is projected to develop at a 7.9% revenue-based CAGR from 2020 to 2027. The market for ready-mix concrete is expected to be driven by rising demand for fast construction activities in the residential, commercial, manufacturing, and infrastructure segments (RMC). Increased investments around the world, owing to urbanization, government infrastructure plans, and an increasing population that requires residential and commercial structures, are expected to boost business growth. Market Research: - Market Research Report In FY2020, the India Ready Mix Concrete Market was worth USD 2378.11 million, and the market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 16.21%. There is intense competition among the well-established players in the construction market. The demand for ready mix concrete in the construction industry has increased due to rise in demand for versatile building materials and increase in concern toward strong construction. The global ready-mix concrete market is a fast-growing industry that is expected to grow even faster in the coming years. The ready-mix concrete market in India is still in its infancy, but there is plenty of space for growth and value creation. The Indian construction market is expanding, and new homes, infrastructure, and urbanization are in high demand. Key Players: 1. A C C Ltd. 2. Ahlcon Ready Mix Concrete Pvt. Ltd. 3. Ambit Concrete Pvt. Ltd. 4. Dirk Pozzocrete (M P) Pvt. Ltd. 5. Nutech Engineering Technologies Ltd. 6. Particle Dynamics Pvt. Ltd. 7. Precision Components Hightech Ltd. 8. R C C Cements Ltd. 9. Wonder Cement Ltd. For More Detail: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=69&SubCatId=69&CatName=Construction%20&%20Building%20Materials #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #ReadyMixConcrete #ConstructionBusiness #ConstructionIndustry #ConcreteConstruction #ConstructionMaterial #ConstructionManagement #concrete
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Start a Manufacturing Business of Adhesive (Fevicol Type). Startup Opportunities in Adhesive Market.

INTRODUCTION An adhesive, also known as glue, mortar, mucilage, or paste, is a nonmetallic material that is applied to one or both surfaces of two separate objects to tie them together and prevent them from being separated. Adjectives may be used with the word "adhesive" to describe properties depending on the substance's physical or chemical form, the type of materials joined, or the conditions in which the substance was created. Adhesives are commonly used in a number of residential, commercial, and industrial applications for permanent, semi-permanent, and temporary attachment purposes. Load carrying ability, chemical composition, reactivity or inertness, and shape are some of the characteristics that can be used to classify and categorise the wide variety of adhesives available. Each of these adhesives has unique properties and benefits, however, as with adhesive and cohesive strengths, the suitability of each property or feature (and the corresponding adhesive) is determined by the application. Related Books: - Adhesives, Chemical, Drugs, Gums, Insecticides, Jute, Pesticides, Petro Chemicals, Petroleum, Grease, Lubricants, Pharmaceuticals, Sealants, Starch, Leather Technology COMMON TYPES OF ADHESIVES Anaerobic Adhesives: Acrylic-based adhesives that cure in the absence of air are known as anaerobic adhesives. The curing process is accelerated when metal is present. This type of adhesive usually has a low viscosity, comes in liquid and paste forms, and is used to secure, seal, and preserve close-fitting and structural parts. Cyanoacrylates Adhesives: Adhesives that cure in the presence of moisture and ultraviolet (UV) light are known as cyanoacrylate adhesives (e.g., Krazy Glue ®, a brand of Toagosei Co., Ltd). This form of adhesive comes in a range of viscosity levels, from low to high, and can be used on porous and non-porous surfaces. Because of its low shear strength, it is not appropriate for structural applications. Related Project: Adhesives (Fevicol Type) Epoxy Adhesives: Epoxies are often found in single-part and multi-part structures. These adhesives have good shear and peel strength (even in extreme temperatures and environments) and can be used to fill gaps and bind dissimilar substrates. Hot Glue: The term "hot glue" refers to a form of hot melt adhesive made from thermoplastic compounds. This adhesive has a high tackiness and can be used on both porous and non-porous substrates. In most cases, hot glue solidifies as it cools, but certain varieties may be cured by moisture or UV light. White Glue: White glue (e.g., Elmer's® Glue, a trademark of Elmer's Products, Inc.) is a popular polyvinyl acetate (PVA) glue traditionally used for arts and crafts. This adhesive involves contact and pressure during solidification and is ideal for porous substrates such as fabric, cardboard, paper, and wood. Related Videos: - Adhesives and Sealants, Industrial Adhesives, Glues, Gums and Binders, Synthetic Resin, Resins (Guar Gum, Adhesive [Fevicol Type], Hot Melt Adhesives) USES Adhesives play an important role in the building industry and are used in a variety of ways. It has a large demand and a diverse set of applications. • It is used in the installation of carpets and in the adhesion of ceramic tiles. • Lamination of counter tops and the installation of laminates and veneers on interior furniture. • Adhesives are used as a bonding layer between the current floor and the substrate for floor fixing. • It's used in the installation of Drywall Lamination. • It's used in HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) • It's mixed into joint cement. • They are extremely useful in prefabricated or manufactured housing. • Panels that have been pre-finished must be mounted. • It is used in the installation of vinyl or resilient flooring, as well as roofing systems and roof tiles. • They are used to prepare the surface and apply wall coverings or wall papers. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles MARKET OUTLOOK By 2026, the Indian adhesives and sealants market is expected to have grown at an annual rate of 8.07 percent, reaching USD 1,703.68 million (2021-2026). The increasing demand from the packaging industry and the country's rising construction industry are two major factors driving the market studied. On the other hand, the slowing of the automotive industry and the negative effect of COVID-19 are impeding the market's growth. Market Research: - Market Research Report Residential development is being driven by population growth and urbanization in developing countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Brazil, and Mexico. In these countries, there is a growing demand for permanent housing, which is driving demand for adhesives and sealants. Adhesives and sealants are used in a variety of building applications, including carpet, tiling, wallpapers, and exterior insulation systems. Curtain wall panels and insulating glass units are also kept in place with adhesives and sealants. As a result, the construction industry's growing demand for adhesives and sealants is a major market driver. FEW INDIAN MAJOR PLAYERS: • Anabond Ltd. • Arofine Polymers Ltd. • C I C O Technologies Ltd. • Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. • D H Resins & Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. • D I C India Ltd. For More Details, Click Here: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/Adhesives%20(Fevicol%20Type)
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Business Opportunities in Silica Gel Crystal & Beads Processing Industry. Profitable Business Industry for Beginners.

Introduction: Silica gel is an amorphous material that is synthesized into hard granules. It resembles irregular crystal beads in shape. Since their microporous makeup has interlocking cavities, the gel has an incredibly large surface region, making it an ideal high-capacity desiccant. Water molecules can easily stick to its surface because it has a lower vapour pressure than the air around it. When equal pressure is formed, absorption is no longer possible. As a result, the higher the humidity in the air, the greater the water absorption. It's important to remember that high humidity, particularly above 50%, can harm the gel being transported or stored. Silica gel is a hazy type of silicon dioxide that is synthesized in the form of firm irregular granules that resemble crystals or hard normal beads. Related Project: Manufacturing of Silica Gel Crystal & Beads Silica Gel is a popular desiccant and adsorbent that is used in a variety of industrial and consumer applications. Silica has become a part of everyday life for consumers, and it can be used in a variety of applications. Silica gel is a hazy type of silicon dioxide that is synthesized in the form of firm irregular granules that resemble crystals or hard normal beads. Silica Gel is a popular desiccant and adsorbent that is used in a variety of industrial and consumer applications. Silica has become a part of everyday life for consumers, and it can be used in a variety of applications. Silica Gel is a highly activated adsorbent that comes in a variety of mesh sizes to meet the needs of different industrial applications. It's non-toxic, non-corrosive, tasteless, odourless, chemically inert, and non-toxic. Related Book: The Complete Technology Book on Chemical Industries Silica Gel is regenerated by heating the crystals in an oven at a temperature of no more than 300° F (149° C) for around three hours, or until they turn blue or translucent white. Heating the desiccant in a microwave oven may also be used to dehydrate it. Heat the crystals in a 900-watt oven for three minutes at a time before the colour changes. The exact amount of time needed is determined by the oven's wattage. Uses Silica Gel Crystal & Beads: A stationary phase in chromatography is a silica gel. The stationary phase in column chromatography is usually made up of 40–63 m silica gel particles. Since particle size is related to surface area, different particle sizes are used for different types of column chromatography. The particle size of the silica gel determines whether it should be used for flash or gravity chromatography. Because of the polarity of the silica gel, non-polar components appear to elute before more polar ones in this application, hence the term normal phase chromatography. As hydrophobic groups are bound to the silica gel, however, polar components elute first, resulting in reverse phase chromatography. Related Videos: Chemicals (Organic, Inorganic, Industrial) For thin layer chromatography, silica gel is often added to aluminium, glass, or plastic sheets. The surface hydroxy (OH) groups of silica can be functionalized to create specialty silica gels with distinct stationary phase. These so-called functionalized silica gels are also used as insoluble reagents and scavengers in organic synthesis and purification. As a dehumidifier, Silica Gel plays a critical role. Silica Gel dehumidifiers are commonly used in a variety of industries for moisture and water drying. Oil and natural gas, air conditioners, food manufacturing, electronic products, and pharmaceuticals are among these industries. Because of their low cost, replacements for silica gel are used in a variety of applications such as bioterrorism, biohazard, and gas and liquid dehydration. Manufacturing Process: The method of making a silica gel involves mixing the reactants together in a one-pot operation, which reduces the time needed for ageing without losing the ability to produce pore sizes that are targeted. The pH of the reaction drives pore size growth in this way. Market Research: - Market Research Report As a result, a more effective process can be adopted in terms of costly drying/heating steps being cut down on time, if not entirely eliminated. Silica gels are made from a variety of raw materials. Manufacturer of synthetic amorphous silica, a tasteless, colourless, and odourless type of silicon dioxide. The term silica-gel comes from the manufacturing process used to create this material, sol-gel. To produce monomeric silicic acid, two raw materials, sodium silicate and mineral acid, are combined in a wet process. These monomers polymerize to form silica sol, which is a type of primary silica particle. Market Outlook: Silica Gel is a highly activated adsorbent that comes in a variety of mesh sizes to meet the needs of different industrial applications. It's non-toxic, non-corrosive, tasteless, odourless, chemically inert, and non-toxic. Silica gel is a porous silica gel with a wide internal surface area. Since the silica gel does not undergo any chemical reactions during adsorption, it does not form a crystalline structure. Silica gel may be segmented based on its intended use, as demand varies depending on the application. Related Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES The market can be segmented accordingly, and growth in either sector would increase silica gel demand. Other factors driving the global demand are the growing change from traditional to physical water treatment, as well as strict government regulations. Over 2030, the global silica gel market is expected to develop at a CAGR of 3.5 percent. The Silica Gel Market is segmented by product form, application, end-use industry, and geography. Desiccant and adsorbent are the main application segments, and they are expected to continue to grow in the forecast years. Silica Gel has gained worldwide popularity as a readily available and inexpensive moisture absorbent due to its easy manufacturing technique and high absorbing qualities. Key Players: • B A S F India Ltd. • Clariant Chemicals (India) Ltd. • Evonik Catalysts India Pvt. Ltd. • Multisorb Technologies India Pvt. Ltd. • Thermo Fisher Scientific India Pvt. Ltd. For More Detail: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=129&SubCatId=171&CatName=Chemicals%20(Organic,%20Inorganic,%20Industrial) #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #NewBusinessPlan #BusinessProfessional #BusinessConsulting #SilicaGel #Crystal&Beads #ChemicalIndustry #ChemicalProduction #ChemicalBusiness #IndustrialBusiness #ChemicalMarket #ChemicalReport
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