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Best Business Opportunities in Assam - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Food processing: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food or to transform food into other forms for consumption by humans or animals either in the home or by the food processing industry. Food processing typically takes clean, harvested crops or butchered animal products and uses these to produce attractive, marketable and often long shelf-life food products. Assam has many agricultural and horticultural products. Assam has a fertile soil conducive to cultivation of fruits and vegetables. So far the fruits and vegetables grown in Assam have been sent by rail or road to other parts of the country, which can be used for processing many kinds of food. Apart from rice mills, flour mills and oil mills, many small establishments of producing biscuits, lozenges, soft drinks and snacks have recently come in the town and commercial centres of the region.

The food processing sector has the potential to grow in Assam with increasing demand for processed food. Opportunities exist in processing, sourcing, setting up cold chains and logistics. The Government of India has approved for setting up a Food Processing Industrial Park at Chaygaon near Guwahati in Kamrup District.

 

Resources

Assam has an abundance of natural resources which are yet to be engaged industriously. The agro-climatic condition of the State favour the growth of a variety of fruits and vegetables/ spices including orange, banana, pineapple, arecanut, coconut, guava, mango, jackfruit, citrus fruits, ginger, turmeric, chillies, potatoes, etc. Until recently, horticulture was practiced as a largely non-commercial activity. However, with better quality planting material, sufficient research support and better know-how, the State could easily be poised for a major boom in the fruit growing and food processing industry. Following are key potential industries to be developed on the core strengths of our state:

•    Multi cropping in agriculture sector

•    Assam is the world’s single largest tea growing region

•    Abundant resource of fresh water,

•    Major varieties of the major fruits grown in Assam are Banana, orange, litchi, pineapple, papaya

•    Assam has abundant productive and diversified water resources to support surplus fish production to feel the growing fish eating population of the state.

•    Livestock is an important component of mixed farming system in Assam as the meat consumption in Assam is high.

The per capita availability of milk is 70gm/day in comparison to the all India figure of 246gm/day.

 

Government policies/ scheme

To fulfil the need for creation of integrated and holistic infrastructure for food processing sector, Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) had launched new Schemes in 11th FYP with strong focus on creation of modern enabling infrastructure to facilitate growth of food processing and creation of an integrated cold chain mechanism for handling perishable produce. Under the initiatives of MOFPI for strengthening infrastructure in agro  and food processing sector, it had launched the Mega Food Parks Scheme, Scheme for Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure and Scheme for Modernization of Abattoirs in the 11th  Five Year Plan. The Government of India has sanctioned a food processing park with a total project cost of Rs. 5.95 crores. The park is being set up near Chaygaon in the district of Kamrup (rural). The implementing agency for the food processing is Assam Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd.

 

 

 

Medicinal plants: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Medicinal plants are various plants used in herbalism and thought by some to have medicinal properties. Medical Plant constitutes an important therapeutic aid in alleviating ailments. Almost 80% of the world population, particularly in the third world are fully dependent on medicinal plants for meeting their health care needs. The herbal medicines today symbolize safety in contrast to the synthetics that are regarded as unsafe to human and environment. In the primeval times, the Indian sagacious held the view that herbal medicines are the only resolution to treat numeral health related problems and diseases. It is becoming more main stream as improvements in analysis and quality control along with advances in clinical research show the value of herbal medicine in the treating and preventing disease. Increasing interest in herbal products has today accelerated the growth of medicinal plant-based industries.

 

Resources

Assam is primarily an agrarian economy, with 74% of its population engaged in agriculture and allied activities. There are over 1500 species of medicinal plants reported so far from India and more than 350 species from Assam. They can not only cure our ailments but can also be a potential source of economic development. Assam with a total geographical area of 78438 sq. km is very rich in land resources. Its vast fertile alluvial tracts and low hills with suitable climatic condition offer excellent condition for utilization of for different uses. Assam is basically an agriculture dependent state. More than 65 per cent of its total area is under agriculture.

Government policies

The provisions of this Environment code of practice (ECP) - Agriculture, comply with the legal requirements and conventions, which govern the collection, cultivation processing, handling, packaging & storage of medicinal plant or its derivatives. Prior to selection of species, the cultivator shall apply for and obtain permission from State Medicinal Plants Boards (SMPB), Government of Assam and National Horticulture Board (NHB). The proof of obtaining clearance shall be a pre-requisite for inclusion as beneficiary in the project. The District Agriculture Officer (DAO) shall be responsible for verification of the same. 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. There are some substances, like opal, which have the appearance of a mineral but lack any definite internal structure, are sometimes called "mineraloids". The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

Resources

Assam is endowed with vast mineral resources. Assam is rich in mineral resources like Coal (320 Mn.T.), Limestone (703 Mn.T.), Iron Ore (11 Mn.T) and Granite (1 Bn. Cu. Mtrs) along many more resources like Fireclay, Lithomarge, Fuller's Earth, Sillimanite and Glass Sand. The coal found in Assam has a high sulphur content and high volatile matter content, thereby reducing its coke ability. The most important minerals being exploited so far in Assam are coal, oil and gas, limestone and sillimanite. Limestone with reserves of about 500 million tonnes is another important resource and is available in various grades. The China clay available in the Karbi-Anglong district is a vital input for the ceramics industry and has already spawned a few small plants. Deposits of decorative stone like granite estimated to be more than a billion cubic meters are available in various shades and colours, which have a huge market potential locally and abroad. Opportunities based on minerals are Gasification & Liquefaction of Coal, De-Sulphurisation of Coal, Coal based Power Plant, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Extraction, Exploration of Oil & Natural Gas and HDPE / LLDPE / Polypropylene basedindustries. Assam has an abundant reserve of petroleum. It takes care of 25% of India's petrol requirement.

Government policies

The  role to be played by the Central and State Governments in  regard  to  mineral  development has  been  extensively  dealt in  the  Mines  and Minerals (Development and Regulation)  Act, 1957  and Rules  made under the Act by  the  Central  Government and  the  State  Governments in their  respective  domains.   The provisions  of  the  Act  and the Rules  will  be  reviewed  and  harmonised  with  the basic features of the new  National Mineral  Policy.  In future the core functions of the State in mining will be facilitation and regulation of exploration and mining activities of investors and entrepreneurs, provision of infrastructure and tax collection.  In mining activities, there shall be arms length distance between State agencies (Public Sector Undertakings) that mine and those that regulate.  There shall be transparency and fair play in the reservation of ore bodies to State agencies on such areas where private players are not holding or have not applied for exploration or mining, unless security considerations or specific public interests are involved. Recently, the Union Government after reviewing the current mining sector, mineral development and keeping in view the availability of the valuable finite resource have announced the National Mineral Policy (NMP))- 2010. Research organisations, including the National Mineral Processing Laboratories of the Indian Bureau of Mines should be strengthened for development of processes for beneficiation and mineral and elemental analysis of ores and ore dressing products. There shall be co-operation between and co-ordination among all organisations in public and private sector engaged in this task.

 

Oil refinery and its products: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Indian Oil group of companies owns and operates 10 out of India’s 20 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 65.7 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA, .i.e. 1.30 million barrels per day approx.). Indian Oil and its subsidiaries account for 47% petroleum products market share. The companydistributes its products directly to bulk customers and to retail customers via a network of retail outlets and dealers/distributors. The Indian oil and gas sector is one of the six core industries in India and has very significant forward linkages with the entire economy. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) and Oil India Ltd. (OIL) are the two National Oil Companies (NOC)s.

Resources

Assam has the oldest refinery in the country which started commercial production in 1901. Assam was the first state in the country where in 1889 oil was struck at Digboi in Tinsukia district. The refinery, now belonging to the Assam Division of the Indian Oil Corporation, has a refining capacity of 3 lakh tonnes of petrol, kerosene, diesel and other petroleum products.         

The second refinery in Assam was set up at Noonmati in Guwahati under the public sector. It started production in 1962. It produces liquified petroleum gas (LPG), petrol, kerosene, diesel, furnace oil, coke etc. The third refinery in the region was established at Dhaligoan near Bongaigaon in 1962. It is known as Bongaigaon Refinery and Petro-Chemicals Limited (BRPL).  The fourth refinery in the state was established at Numaligarh of Golaghat district in 1999, with a refining capacity of 3 million tonnes of oil and other products.

Government policies

The oil ministry has empowered state-run exploration firms ONGC and Oil India to choose customers for gas produced from small fields where output is less than 0.1 million standard cubic meters per day, which would reduce bureaucratic delays and help companies generate revenue expeditiously. Oil India Limited (OIL), a Government of India Enterprise, under the administrative set-up of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, is engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. The growing demand for crude oil and gas in the country and policy initiative of Government of India towards increased E&P  activity, have given a great impetus to the Indian E&P industry raising hopes of increased exploration. The government in order to increase exploration activity approved the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in March 1997 which would level the playing field in the upstream sector between private and public sector companies in all fiscal, financial and contractual matters. There will be no mandatory state participation through ONGC/OIL nor there did any carry interest of the government.  

 

 

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

 

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

 

Resources

 

Assam is the largest producer of tea in India. Assam tea is well known for its distinct quality, especially for its strong liquor, rich taste and colour. Of the agriculture-based industries, tea occupies an important place in Assam. In Assam, tea is grown both in the Brahmaputra and Barak plains. Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat, Nagaon and Sonitpur are the districts where tea gardens are mostly found. Assam produces 51% of the tea produced in India and about 1/6th of thetea produced in the world. In 1970, the Guwahati Tea Auction Centre was established for better marketing of the tea produced in the region. This is the world's largest CTC tea auction centre and the world's secondlargest in terms of total tea. It now auctions more than 150 million kg of tea valued at more than Rs 550.00 crores annually. Tea industry has contributed substantially to the economy of Assam. About 17 percent of the workers of Assam are engaged in the tea industry.

Government policies

 

The Government of India has created a Special Purpose Tea Fund (SPTF) which is meant for rejuvenation of tea bushes. This will benefit about 700-800 tea gardens of the state. In an important policy decision – the Government has decided to secure a geographical indication for the tea produced in the state. ‘Assam Tea’ will be known as ‘Assam Orthodox Tea’ once the geographical indication is secured, thus making it an exclusive commodity and raising its stakes in the global market.

 

Plastic: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Plastics are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics.  Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. India's plastics processing sector will grow from 69,000 machines to 150,000 machines by the year 2020. India's demand for plastics in irrigation alone is pegged to cross 2.5 million tonnes by 2015. Indian automobile industry is growing at more than 18% p.a. and is hungry for plastics. The plastics processing industry is a source of great potential for global businesses.

Resources

With the Assam Gas Cracker Project, also known as the Brahmaputra Crackers and Polymers Ltd (BCPL), due to come up by 2012, the Assam government has put its focus on promoting and attracting plastic-based downstream industries. For the state, coming up of downstream industries in large numbers as a result of the Gas Cracker Project would not only bring in large amount of investments, but would generate huge employment opportunities.

Government policies

The government has acquired 1,500 bighas of land in Tinsukia in upper Assam for setting up a plastic park, which would be the first in North-East. Bordoloi told Business Standard that the government would form a special purpose vehicle (SPV) in association with private players to implement the plastic park. He added that the SPV will be formed in two to three months. The government has already released Rs 10 crore for the park.

 

 

Power: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

The power industry is responsible for the production and delivery of electrical energy in sufficient quantities via a power grid. Given the demand for electricity is uniform across all domestic, industrial and commercial operations, power is viewed as a public utility and basic infrastructure. The electrical power industry is commonly split up into four processes, namely, electricity generation (e.g. power station), electric power transmission, electricity distribution and electricity retailing. In many countries, electric power companies own the whole infrastructure from generating stations to transmission and distribution infrastructure. For this reason, electric power is viewed as a natural monopoly and is thus heavily regulated.

Resources

Assam has made much improvement in power generation. It has a number of coal based thermal plants to produce electric power. There is no dearth of coal mines in the state. This ensures that the supply of coal to these plants is uninterrupted. In recent years, several thermal power plants in Assam are in operation. These have tackled most of the earlier problems. The Assam thermal plants are aiming to generate enough electricity for the entire state. Some of the major Assam power plants are: Namrup Thermal Power Station (NTPS).It is managed by the Assam State Electricity Board (ASEB). It has a power generation capacity of 134MW. The NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) is investing more money in thermal power generation in Assam. Some of the upcoming Assam thermal power plants are Assam Power Generation Company Ltd., The existing Assam Thermal Power Plants are being expanded to help in the production of more electric energy.

Government policies

The Government is committed to ensure uninterrupted quality power supply by way of dedicated feeders from Grid Substation of Power distribution companies to all the Industrial Estates/Parks. Private Industrial Estates will be allowed to install Captive Power Plant to generate and distribute within such Industrial Estates/ Parks subject to provision of the Electricity Act, 2003 and rules there under. At the same time the State would encourage Private Power Generators to set up Power Plants. Assam is poised to have surplus quality power in the near future through the National Power Grid which is in advanced stage of implementation. Power sector in Assam has received the assistance from Asian Development Bank. Investment has been made in the sub-transmission and distribution sector. Power supply to Assam is ensured from Central Generating Stations owned by Corporations under the Government of India.

 

 

Cottage industry: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

A cottage is a farmhouse usually in rural areas. A cottage industry is a small self-help industry that is carried out in the home, community centre, parish hall or some other convenient place. Such industries are evident in handicrafts, catering, tailoring, dressmaking, beauty culture, retailing of dry goods, pottery and furniture making on a small scale. Cottage industries developed mainly out of the need for an additional source of income, because of the need to use one's spare time gainfully and because of the relative ease of acquiring the necessary raw materials to set up such industries.

Resources

Assam was traditionally famous for its cottage industry, especially spinning and weaving. Pat or pure silk production is essentially confined to Assam. Assam produces about 10% of total natural silk of India. Assam also produces Muga, the golden silk. Assam is also the main producer of Eri or Endi. Weaving is an important cottage industry of Assam. It is a traditional industry which can be traced back to very ancient times. There are about 7,00,000 looms in Assam, where majority are primitive foot looms. Only some looms of Sualkuchi, used for commercial production of silk cloth, are powered. Bell-metal work is a traditional cottage industry of Assam. The products made of bell-metal are traditional plates, cups, tumblers, pitchers, bowls, Sarai (a tray with a stand), dwarf pitchers, pots, hookahs and musical instruments. Brass-work is also an important traditional handicraft of Assam. Brass articles are produced not only for day-to-day use, but also for interior decoration. The total production of marketable finished goods annually is about300 tonnes.

Government policies

The Assam Preferential Stores Purchase Act, 1989 (to replace the Assam Preferential Stores Purchase Rules, 1972) enactment is aimed to encourage growth of industries in the State and to implement the Industrial Policy announced and published by the Govt. of Assam vide Notification No. CL 586/85 dated 24th December, 1986. Objectives of this enactment is to encourage small scale and cottage industries by preferential purchase of their products, to rationalize the procedure for purchase of stores required by the State Government, companies and undertakings, Small Industries, Khadi and Cottage industries registered under this Act shall be exempted from payment of earnest money and security deposit for items in respect of which the units are registered.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here.

Resources

Every year the number of visitors to Assam has been steadily increasing. The state has unparalleled tourist attractions like wildlife sanctuaries, adventure tourism, eco-tourism, hill stations, lakes and places of historical heritage. There are five national parks; Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri, Dibru- saikhowa, Orang and fifteen wildlife sanctuaries in Assam named; Gibbon, Garampani, Burachapari, Bornadi, Sonai-Rupai, Pobitora, Panidehing, Bherjan, Nambor, North-karbi-anglong, East-karbi-anglong, Laokhowa, Charkarasila, Marat-Longri, Nabbor-Doigurang, Borail and Amchang. The famous species of one horned rhino is found only in Assam. It has many Golf Fields and offers a huge potential in sports tourism. Assam's natural landscape, lush green forests, wild life sanctuaries, pilgrimage spots and tea gardens offer a wide choice to cater to the tastes of a variety of tourists from the casual sightseer to the adventure tourist. With the withdrawal of the Restricted Area Permit (RAP), tourism is poised for a major boom. 

 

Government policies

The Government of Assam came up with the Assam Tourism Policy2008 with the following objectives:

•        To place tourism sector on a high priority in the economic development of the state.

•        To harness tourism potentials to make it environmentally sustainable, socially culturally enriching and economically beneficial.

•        To create awareness and evolve suitable institution arrangement for effective participation of the people.

•        To improve quality of the existing tourism products.

•        To promote infrastructure of international standard.

•        To devise long term human resource development strategy.

•        Encourage Public-Private Partnership in tourism development.

The Assam Tourism Policy, 2008 has added to the enthusiasm amongst the entrepreneurs and has also attracted big players like Indian hotels Company Ltd (Taj group) to set up a 5 star hotel in Guwahati. Many more such projects are in the pipeline. Guwahati airport has emerged as one of the busiest airports in the country with almost all domestic airlines connecting Guwahati and other airports of the state virtually to most of the major metros of the country.

 

Agriculture: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

While most other states in India are gradually moving away from their traditional agriculture-based economy toward industry or service-oriented economy, Assam is still heavily dependent on the agricultural sector. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2009, about 50% of the total workforce. The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India.

Resources

Assam Agriculture is the primary sector in the state's economy. The socio-economic condition of Assam largely depends on its agricultural production.  Assam produces both food and cash crops. The principal food crops produced in the state are rice (paddy), maize (corn), pulses, potato, wheat, etc., while the principal cash crops are tea, jute, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, and tobacco. Although rice is the most important and staple crop of Assam, its productivity over the years has not increased while other crops have seen a slight rise in both productivity and land acreage.

Government policies

The Government of Assam in consonance with    the       National Agriculture Policy laid down few policy objectives in the Agriculture Sector. Those include:

·         The Agriculture and allied sector grows at the rate of 4 p.c. per annum for the next decade to provide food security and to improve the nutritional intake of the people of the State as well as significantly decrease the population below the poverty line.

·         To increase the productivity of all major crops, particularly that of rice, wheat, pulses and oil seeds.

·         To increase the cropping intensity in the sector through increase in irrigation facilities as well as giving a boost to mechanization in the State, to make it at par with the rest of the country by the end of the 10th plan.

·         To diversify into other crops, specially wheat, oilseeds, and partly pulses, as well as improve production of horticultural crops.

·         As the bulk of the population in the State lives in the rural area and most of the people are dependent on Agriculture and allied sectors for their livelihood, the Government sees this sector as the engine for growth of the economy in the long run and wishes to treat the Agriculture Sector as an area of maximum employment generation in the State.

·         Since the resources at the disposal of the State are limited, the endeavour will be to converge the resources available under various Government schemes like SGSY and PMGSY etc. to ensure that funds are spent keeping in view the long term growth of the Agriculture and Allied Sector in the State.

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Assam

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

The Guwahati City generates over 300 MT of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) on a daily basis and has almost 639 Kms street length. Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC), which provides municipal services to 8.2 Lakhs citizens of Guwahati city, is desirous to select a suitable developer/ private operator to establish a viable & environmentally sustainable integrated municipal waste management system through a suitable mechanism to manage the collection, transportation, processing and disposal.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Solar Cooker

Solar cooker is a device which uses the energy of direct sunlight to heat, cook or pasteurize drink and other food materials. Many solar cookers currently in use are relatively inexpensive, low-tech devices, although some are as powerful or as expensive as traditional stoves, and advanced, large-scale solar cookers can cook for hundreds of people. Because they use no fuel and cost nothing to operate, many nonprofit organizations are promoting their use worldwide in order to help reduce fuel costs (especially where monetary reciprocity is low) and air pollution, and to slow down the deforestation and desertification caused by gathering firewood for cooking. Solar cookers are the application of solar energy used to cook, bake, and fry food. Solar Cookers can also be used for pasteurization. Solar cooker converts the radiant energy to the heat energy which is used for cooking food. Growing awareness for the use of renewable energy along with escalating prices of non renewable energy drives the solar cooker market. Government support and funding for the use of solar energy also stimulates the growth of solar cooker market. The solar cooker market can be segmented on the basis of the construction techniques utilized for manufacturing. The broad segmentations on the basis of construction can be done as solar box cooker, solar panel cooker and solar parabolic cooker. The solar box cookers are the most commonly available form of solar cookers in the market currently. These cookers are extremely robust in nature and operate very safely with little or no supervision required for operating.
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Stainless Steel Utensils

Stainless steels are most notable for their corrosion resistance, which increases with increasing chromium content. Additions of molybdenum increase corrosion resistance in reducing acids and against pitting attack in chloride solutions. Thus, there are numerous grades of stainless steel with varying chromium and molybdenum contents to suit the environment the alloy must endure. Stainless steels resistance to corrosion and staining, low maintenance, and familiar luster make it an ideal material for many applications where both the strength of steel and corrosion resistance are required. Stainless steel is an alloy of Iron with a minimum of 10.5% Chromium. Chromium produces a thin layer of oxide on the surface of the steel known as the 'passive layer'. This prevents any further corrosion of the surface. Increasing the amount of Chromium gives an increased resistance to corrosion. Stainless steel also contains varying amounts of Carbon, Silicon and Manganese. Other elements such as Nickel and Molybdenum may be added to impart other useful properties such as enhanced formability and increased corrosion resistance. Stainless steel is a generic term for a family of corrosion resistant alloy steels containing 10.5% or more chromium. All stainless steels have a high resistance to corrosion. This resistance to attack is due to the naturally occurring chromium-rich oxide film formed on the surface of the steel. Although extremely thin, this invisible, inert film is tightly adherent to the metal and extremely protective in a wide range of corrosive media. The film is rapidly self repairing in the presence of oxygen, and damage by abrasion, cutting or machining is quickly repaired. The global stainless steel market size is expected to reach USD 133.8 billion by 2025 at a 5.2% CAGR, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. The market is anticipated to expand mainly due to advantages such as increased formability, weldability, corrosion resistance, and aesthetic appearance. The market for stainless steel is forecasted to increase by 3 percent until 2020. The increase in urbanization and modernization globally are the main reasons for this growth. Moreover, the growth in the automotive industry along with the growing demand for energy and water will likely maintain the demand for stainless steel in near future. The key driver of the stainless steel industry is the increasing demand from downstream industries such as agriculture, processing industry, consumer products, and construction industry.
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Plastic Buttons from Polyester Sheet & Rod

In modern clothing and fashion design, a Plastic Button is a small fastener, now most commonly made of plastic, but also frequently made of metal, wood or seashell, which secures two pieces of fabric together. In archaeology, a button can be a significant artifact. Textile industries is the major client of button manufacturing business. The market for acrylic buttons are increasing due to increase in consumption of garments used for domestic use and for exports. The consumption of both these sectors have registered significant growth in the past and it will continue to show good growth in future years. The Indian Plastic Industry has taken great strides in its quest for success. The last few decades have seen it rise to the position of a leading force in the country with a sizable base. The industry itself is growing at a fast pace and the per capita consumption of plastics in the country has increased manifold as compared to the earlier decade.
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Vermiculture

Vermicompost (vermi-compost, vermiculture) is the product of the composting process using various species of worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms, to create a mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast (also called worm castings, worm humus, worm manure, or worm feces) is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by earthworms. Vermicompost contains water-soluble nutrients and is an excellent, nutrient-rich organic fertilizer and soil conditionerIt is used in farming and small scale sustainable, organic farming. Vermiculture means artificial rearing or cultivation of worms (Earthworms) and the technology is the scientific process of using them for the betterment of human beings. Vermicompost is the excreta of earthworm, which is rich in humus. Earthworms eat cow dung or farm yard manure along with other farm wastes and pass it through their body and in the process convert it into vermicompost. The municipal wastes; non-toxic solid and liquid waste of the industries and household garbage’s can also be converted into vermicompost in the same manner. Vermiculture is the process of garden composting using worms. Overtime, all organic material naturally goes through the process of decomposition. However, with vermiculture, the process is significantly accelerated. The worms consume the decaying organic material and then flush it out of their system in what is referred to as ‘castings’ or ‘worm manure.’ The worm castings are nutrient rich. Vermicompost is the product or process of composting using various worms, usually red wigglers, white worms and other earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials and vermicast.
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Paediatric Hospital

Children's hospital is a hospital which offers its services exclusively to children and adolescents. Most children's hospitals can serve children from birth up to the age of 18, or in some instances, children's hospitals' doctors may treat children until they finish high school. The number of children's hospitals proliferated in the 20th century, as pediatric medical and surgical specialties separated from internal medicine and adult surgical specialties. Pediatric hospitalists are pediatricians who work primarily in hospitals. They care for children in many hospital areas, including the pediatric ward, labor and delivery, the newborn nursery, the emergency department, the neonatal intensive care unit, and the pediatric intensive care unit. The other pediatric health care services segment is anticipated to capture for dominant share of the global pediatric health care products and services market during the forecast period owing to rise in burden of diseases and disorders such as infectious diseases, allergies, asthma, and other respiratory conditions among children. Moreover, increase in emphasis on newborn screening programs focused on detecting various health conditions in infants is expected to boost the growth of the segment from 2018 to 2026. The global healthcare landscape, the adoption of radiology in diagnosis and medical imaging operations continues to gain grounds, particularly in pediatric care. Protecting the new-born babies from suffering traumas during or post- birth has fuelled the demand for employing the subspecialty medical imaging science of radiology in pediatric diagnosis. In the future, hospitals and child specialty centers will actively install pediatric radiology devices to improve the diagnosis of young infants and children.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Sanitary Ware Products (Wash Basin and Bathroom Closets)

Ceramic sanitary wares are plumbing fixtures which comprise wash basins, shower plates, toilet bowls, bath tubs, etc. Ceramic sanitary ware products are easy to clean and maintain; they are also cost efficient in nature. Corrosion resistance, abrasion resistance, varied colors and glossy surface are major characteristics of ceramic which prevents it to be replaced by its alternatives such as steel and fiber. Sanitary ware is the basic requirement in residential, commercial and public areas; hence growth in the real estate market and developing countries are expected to be major market drivers. The demand for ceramic sanitary ware products is driven by the replacement need. The increasing population in the developing nations and increasing standard of living of the people is projected to drive the ceramic sanitary ware market. Asia-Pacific holds a significant market share in the ceramic sanitary ware market. The global sanitary ware market was valued at $9,194 million in 2017 and is projected to reach $13,616 million by 2025, registering a CAGR of 5.0% from 2018 to 2025. Sanitary ware comprises toilet sinks, wash basins, cisterns, and pedestals. These products were traditionally manufactured using porcelain, which is a ceramic material. However, sanitary wares are now being manufactured using metals, glass, plastics, and other materials. Ceramic sanitary wares are cost-effective, have excellent resistance to chemical attacks, and can withstand heavy loads. The global sanitary ware market is segmented based on product type, material, and region. Based on product type, the market is segmented into toilet sink/water closet, wash basin, pedestal, and cistern. On the basis of material, the market is segmented into ceramic, pressed metal, acrylic plastic & Perspex, and others. By region, the global sanitary ware market is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, MENA, and South America. Indian sanitary ware market consists of both organized player and unorganized players, with organized players holding the majority share. Further, with increasing brand awareness and demand for luxurious and stylish sanitary ware, the market share of organized players in the overall sanitary ware market is expected to increase in coming years. India is emerging as a sanitary ware manufacturing hub, with several domestic and overseas manufacturers setting up manufacturing facilities across the country due to abundant availability of raw material and low labor cost. Several domestic manufacturers such as HSIL, Cera India, etc., as well as overseas manufactures such as Roca India, Kohler India, Toto India, etc., have set up manufacturing facilities in the country.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Sterilized Bone Meal

Bone meal is a mixture of finely and coarsely ground animal bones and slaughter-house waste products. It is used as an organic fertilizer for plants and as a nutritional supplement for animals. As a slow-release fertilizer, bone meal is primarily used as a source of phosphorus and protein. Bone meal is made from the raw bones of animals that were slaughtered for human consumption. Meat, or muscles, and fat are removed from the bones. Then the bones are transported from the slaughterhouse to a facility that turns them into bone meal.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Calcium Silicate Blocks and Pipes Manufacturing Industry

Calcium Silicate Blocks and Pipes Manufacturing Industry. Insulation Materials. Production of Calcium Silicate Pipe & Block Insulation Calcium Silicate Calcium silicate (Ca2SiO4), also known as calcium silicon oxide, is a product derived from limestone and diatomaceous earth, and is used in the pharmaceutical industry as an anticaking agent. Anti-caking agents absorb moisture and allow products to flow freely during the manufacturing process. Calcium silicate is an inorganic substance that can exist in different forms: CaSiO3 or Ca2SiO4. It is described as a very fine, white or off-white powder with low bulk density and high physical water absorption. It is commonly used as anti-caking agent in food ingredients. Uses The calcium silicates have a number of uses in industry. Among the most important applications are their uses in building materials, such as some types of glass and cement (especially Portland cement), bricks and tiles for roofs, fireproof ceilings, and building boards. The compound is also used as a filler in the manufacture of paper and some types of plastics, where it gives body to the final product. The use of calcium silicate foam for the building sector, especially the internal insulation of walls is relatively new. Based on extensive research, it was proven that, due to the high capillary action and hydrothermal material properties, the foam can be used to improve the moisture protection – especially when energetically renovating old buildings where the outside façade is unsuited for insulation measures. Calcium silicate is used to insulate high-temperature pipes and equipment and for fire endurance applications. It is manufactured and sold in three different forms: preformed block, preformed pipe. Calcium silicate manufactured in North America is noted for its high compressive strength, corrosion-inhibiting properties, and high-temperature structural integrity. Calcium Silicate Blocks This is a hard and solid product which is known for its high compressive strength and for does not shrink or crack under high temperatures. Further, these blocks can also be cut according to exact requirement asked by the client and their strength & hardness are a result of the calcium content of this material. Features of Calcium Silicate Blocks: • Lightweight and rigid • Resistant to fire • High mechanical strength • Low specific heat • High durability • Can be reused Indian Calcium silicate blocks find many applications in various industries. These include cement industry, aluminum industry, glass industry, iron and steel industry, power plants, fertilizer industry, petrochemical industry, ship building industry, chemical industry, sugar industry, foundries, rolling mills and other industries where temperatures can go high up to 1000 degrees Centigrade. Applications: • Cement Industry • Aluminium Industry • Glass Industry • Steel Industry • Power Plants • Fertilizer Industry • Refineries • Ceramic Industry • Ship Building • Chemicals Industry • Sugar Mills • Foundries Rolling Mills Advantages: • Reduced fuel cost due to low thermal conductivity and low thermal capacity. • Consistent physio-thermal performance throughout its life. • Reduced heat loss due to fewer joints. • Longer life of 3 to 4 times the fibrous material due to high strength and resistance to vibrations. • Reduced installation cost due to simple fixing. • Zero maintenance for entire life of over 25 years. • Economical as compared to conventional insulation. • Can absorb thermal shocks. • Physio-thermal properties remain unaffected after repeated water wetting & subsequent drying. Market Outlook Calcium silicate is used as an anti-caking agent and antacid in the food industry. Demand for high-temperature insulating materials is expected to increase due to industrial development, thus boosting the market for calcium silicate. Growth in the construction sector has bolstered demand for calcium silicate as it is the major end-user of calcium silicate. Global demand for calcium silicate is expected to witness strong growth in the near future, thereby offering significant market opportunities to producers. Increasing demand for calcium silicate has compelled producers to undertake expansion and acquisition of projects to meet global demand. Numerous producers are shifting their plants to countries such as China and India due to various factors such as low raw material and labor costs. The Calcium Silicate market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures. Global demand for calcium silicate is expected to witness strong growth in the near future, thereby offering significant market opportunities to producers. Increasing demand for calcium silicate has compelled producers to undertake expansion and acquisition of projects to meet global demand. Numerous producers are shifting their plants to countries such as China and India due to various factors such as low raw material and labor costs. Rapid urbanization and infrastructural development are projected to be key market drivers. This, in turn, would propel demand for calcium silicate in the next few years. Low raw material availability and price volatility are factors likely to affect the market growth. The Asia Pacific is anticipated to be the leading region in the global calcium silicate market due to high demand from the construction sector during the review period. The growing urbanization and infrastructural demand from developing nations such as China and India are driving the market growth in this region. Moreover, the high demand for the product as an insulating material in almost every industry is another factor fuelling the market growth in this region. Moreover, the changing food consumption habits and growth of the food industry in this region is likely to propel the market growth. Availability of raw material and labor in these countries prove advantageous to the market growth. Some of the prominent manufacturers in the global calcium silicate market are American Elements (U.S.), Promat International NV (Belgium), Morgan Advanced Materials (U.K), Prochem, Inc. (U.S.), Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp. (U.S.), Materion Corporation (U.S.), Associated Ceramics & Technology, Inc. (U.S.), Mil-Spec Industries Corporation (New York), Pyrotek (India), Skamol (Denmark), ZIRCAR CERAMICS (India), and Industrial Insulation Group, LLC (U.S.) Tags #Production_of_Calcium_Silicate_Blocks_and_Pipes, #Calcium_Silicate_Block, #Calcium_Silicate_Blocks_and_Pipes, #Calcium_Silicate_Blocks_Manufacturing_Process, Calcium Silicate Manufacturing Process, How to Produce a Calcium Silicate, Production Process of Calcium Silicate, Calcium Silicate Production Process, #Calcium_Silicate_Blocks_Manufacture, Profile on Production of Calcium Silicate Blocks, Calcium Silicate Blocks and Pipes Manufacturing Plant, Producing of Calcium Silicate Products, Calcium Silicate Insulation Blocks, Calcium Silicate Manufacturing Project Report, Calcium Silicate Pipe, #Project_Report_on_Calcium_Silicate_Blocks_and_Pipes_Manufacturing_Industry, Detailed Project Report on Calcium Silicate Blocks and Pipes Manufacturing, Project Report on Calcium Silicate Blocks and Pipes Manufacturing, #Pre_Investment_Feasibility_Study_on_Calcium_Silicate_Manufacturing, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Calcium Silicate Blocks and Pipes Manufacturing, #Feasibility_report_on_Calcium_Silicate_Blocks_Manufacturing, #Free_Project_Profile_on_Calcium_Silicate_Blocks_and_Pipes_Manufacturing, Project profile on Calcium Silicate Blocks Manufacturing, Download free project profile on Calcium Silicate Blocks Manufacturing, #Manufacturing_of_Calcium_Silicate_Pipes, Insulation Blocks & Covering, Calcium Silicate Pipe & Block Insulation
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Calcined & Activated Alumina

Calcined Alumina Calcined (or alpha) alumina is made by calcining a source alumina powder at 1200-1300C to convert it to pure Al2O3. This is the densest and most stable crystalline form of alumina. It is insoluble in water but is soluble in hydrofluoric acid and potassium bisulfate. When nearly 100% of the material converts to the large hexagonal, elongated tablet shaped crystals associated with the alpha phase, the product is referred to as "Tabular Alumina". Calcined aluminas are available in numerous grades based on the heat treatment applied, crystal size, soda content, and degree of thermal conversion to alpha phase. Calcined alumina is made by firing a source alumina at various temperatures, depending upon desired level of calcination (burn), into alpha alumina varying from 5 – 100% moving it to its densest and most stable form. The calcined alumina particles appear as crystalline agglomerates which are larger when the degree of calcination is higher. Calcined alumina is generally used in the manufacture of refractories, glass and enamel, tile and porcelains and ceramics, including electronic ceramics, etc. Calcined alumina is produced through the calcination (“heating”) of alumina to various temperatures. By controlling the calcination temperatures and time, the properties of the alumina can be controlled. Calcined alumina is therefore utilized in a variety of industrial applications including Structural ceramics, Technical ceramics, Polishing compounds for plastic, metal, and glass, Fillers for Rubber and Plastics, Friction - anti slip, Refractories, Paint & Coatings and Thermal Spray Powders. Calcined alumina powder is produced by calcination of alumina. The manufacturing process is carried out at various temperatures, which control hardness and abrasive properties of calcined alumina powder, such as polishing and grinding. At temperature of 1200-1300ºC, calcined alumina is easily converted into pure Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3). Demand for calcined alumina is driven by a number of factors. The major applications of calcined alumina include refractory & ceramics. The rising market penetration of high-quality steel accounts for the largest share in terms of application for refractories, in emerging economies, which drives the demand for high-end refractories, which are made from calcined alumina. The growing building & construction industry further substantiates the growth. Activated Alumina Activated alumina is manufactured from aluminium hydroxide by dehydroxylating it in a way that produces a highly porous material; this material can have a surface area significantly over 200 m²/g. The compound is used as a desiccant (to keep things dry by absorbing water from the air) and as a filter of fluoride, arsenic and selenium in drinking water. It is made of aluminium oxide (alumina; Al2O3). It has a very high surface-area-to-weight ratio, due to the many "tunnel like" pores that it has. Activated alumina in its phase composition can be represented only by metastable forms (gamma-Al2O3 etc.). Activated alumina is an excellent desiccant for drying a wide variety of liquids and gases. Activated alumina is a porous, solid form of aluminum oxide, otherwise known as Al2O3 or alumina. This is the same mineral that makes up the precious gems ruby and sapphire, with impurities being the source of the stones’ bright colors. After activated alumina has been evacuated of existing moisture by heating it, the high surface area and many pores of the material allow for the uptake of water and other molecules through adsorption. The U.S. activated alumina market was estimated at USD 217.0 million in 2016 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 4.8% from 2017 to 2025. The increasing research being conducted in the field of activated alumina has helped in increasing the application scope of activated alumina over the years. Activated alumina is a dry, granular chemical substance produced by de-hydroxylation i.e., the removal of hydroxyl group ion from aluminum hydroxide. This compound is treated as a desiccant, catalyst and used for filtering fluoride, arsenic and selenium in drinking water. Activated alumina has a high surface area to weight ratio due to its extensive pore structure, which is resistant to thermal shock and abrasion, and will not shrink, swell or soften when placed in water. Activated alumina is prominently used as a reaction catalyst, in the oil and gas sector, and for the treatment of water. Growing investments in water treatment infrastructure and the ever-rising demand for oil and gas have been fueling the demand for activated alumina over the past few years. These trends are expected to continue during the forecast period, driving the market to expand at a CAGR of 4.2% between 2016 and 2024. The sales of activated alumina amounted to US$770.6 mn in 2015 and are projected to be worth US$1,108.9 mn by 2024.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Fire Extinguishers (Different Types)

A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. It is not intended for use on an out-of-control fire, such as one which has reached the ceiling, endangers the user (i.e., no escape route, smoke, explosion hazard, etc.), or otherwise requires the expertise of a fire brigade. Typically, a fire extinguisher consists of a hand-held cylindrical pressure vessel containing an agent which can be discharged to extinguish a fire. Fire extinguishers are portable devices used to extinguish small fires or reduce their destruction before firefighters arrive at the scene. These are kept handy at places, namely fire points, in buildings, factories, public paces or transportation. The types and numbers of extinguishers legally required for an area are governed by the safety regulations in force in that particular area. Fire is one of humankind's oldest discoveries; it's also one of our biggest threats. A fire can destroy in a matter of minutes a home or business that has taken decades to establish. That's why methods of putting out fires are so important. Many buildings are equipped with fire extinguishers, but why are there so many different kinds. Fire extinguishers are classified by fire type. The A, B, C rating system defines the kinds of burning materials each fire extinguisher is designed to fight. The number in front of the A, B, or C indicates the rating size of fire the unit can extinguish. The global fire extinguishers market is estimated to value $6,452.3 million in 2017 and is projected to witness a CAGR of 6.2% during 2017–2023. Growing construction activities for the development of new industrial plants, commercial centers, and housing projects, and implementation of stringent fire safety norms for public safety are two key factors driving the market growth. It is safety equipment which comprises of a cylinder, nozzle, pressure gauge and a handle. Fire extinguishers cannot cease a large-scale fire and may require the expertise or guidance of the fire department. The global fire extinguisher market reached a value of more than US$ 4.4 Billion in 2017.
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