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Best Business Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agro-based industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. India is one of the world's largest producers of food, and is the largest producer of milk, sugarcane and tea, as well as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables. Nearly 70% of the population depend on agriculture and agro-based industries. The agro industry is regarded as an extended arm of agriculture. The development of the agro industry can help stabilise and make agriculture more lucrative and create employment opportunities both at the production and marketing stages. The broad-based development of the agro-products industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of India. Since it would cause diversification and commercialization of agriculture, it will thus enhance the incomes of farmers and create food surpluses. 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh produces over 9.57 million tons of fruits, vegetables and spices. Andhra Pradesh is the largest egg producer in India 1,000 kilometres of coastline, 8,577 kilometre river length and 102 reservoirs spread over an area of 2.34 lakh hectares have helped Andhra Pradesh develop as the principal producer of marine and fresh water foods, including fish and prawn. State is blessed with different agro-climatic conditions for growing a variety of horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables, spices, tuber crops, plantation crops and floriculture, largest producer of rice in India. The state is a leading producer of cash crops like tobacco, groundnut, dry chilly, turmeric, oilseeds, cotton, sugar and jute, second-largest producer of horticulture products in India; production is expected to reach 22.90 million tonnes by 2020. State produces some of the finest varieties of mangoes, grapes, guavas, papayas and bananas. Number one position in production of sweet lime, lime, papaya, chilly, turmeric and palm oil, second in the production of tomato and coriander, third in pomegranate, fourth in tapioca, lady finger and grapes, and fifth in onions. To achieve the growth envisaged for the agricultural sector, the state intends to promote investment of around US$ 17.07 billion by 2010, while the total investment until 2020 would be around US$ 39.02 billion

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In the recent Union Budget (2007-08), agriculture has got considerable attention with the various policy initiatives from the side of finance ministry. Some of the imp0ortant policies are:

·         During 2006-07 (until December 2006), 53.37 lakh new farmers were brought into the institutional credit system. A target of Rs. 225,000 crore as farm credit and an addition of 50 lakh new farmers to the banking system have been fixed for the year 2007-08. The two per cent interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans will continue in 2007-08, and a provision of Rs.1,677 crore has been made for that purpose.

·         A special purpose tea fund has been launched for re-plantation and rejuvenation of tea. Government soon plans to put in place similar financial mechanism for coffee, rubber, spices, cashew and coconut.

·         Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) has been revamped in order to complete more irrigation projects in the quickest possible time. As against an outlay of Rs.7,121 crore in 2006-07, the outlay for 2007-08 has been increased to Rs.11,000 crore.

·         Rs.17,253 crore had been budgeted for fertilizer subsidies in 2006-07. However, according to the Revised Estimates, this will rise to Rs.22,452 crore.

·         The National Insurance Scheme (NAIS) will be continued for Kharif and Rabi crops during the year 2007-08.

·         The two per cent interest subvention scheme will continue in 2007-08.

·         Rs. 100 crores have been allocated to new Rain fed Area Development Programme, set up for coordinating all schemes for watershed development. 

 

 

 

 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. Minerals constitute the backbone of economic growth of any nation; India is endowed with significant volume of mineral deposits. It is estimated that India holds abundant reserves of minerals such as non coking coal, iron ore, bauxite (metallurgical grade), dolomite, gypsum, limestone and mica; adequate level of reserves of minerals such as lignite, chromite (metallic), manganese, zinc, graphite; but deficiency in mineral reserves such as coking coal, chromite (refractory grade), bauxite (chemical grade), copper, lead, apatite, rock phosphate and kyanite.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the second largest storehouse of mineral resources in India.  A total of 48 minerals were located with vast explored resources of coal, limestone, bauxite, barites, mica, beach sands, granite, limestone slabs etc., and good resources of oil and natural gas, manganese, asbestos, iron ore, ball clay, fireclay gold, diamond, graphite, dolomite, quartz, tungsten, steatite, feldspar, silica sand, Uranium, beach sands minerals, etc. State is endowed with the internationally known black, pink, blue and multicoloured varieties of granites. Over 400 mines have reported production in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Some of the major mineral based industries in the state include cement, ceramic & refractories, and sulphuric acid.

The state stands First in value of mineral production, contributing 9 to 10 per cent of the country’s mineral value production. Andhra Pradesh has huge reserves of key minerals such as coal, limestone, granite, bauxite and barytes. In fact, the state is estimated to have one-third of the country's total mineral wealth. Andhra Pradesh is the only southern state with coal deposits and has 20 per cent of the country's limestone reserves and 27 per cent of its bauxite reserves. The world's best granite, Black Galaxy, is found only in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is the second largest producer of cement in the country

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Andhra Pradesh mineral policy aims at optimum exploitation, scientific development, value addition, marketing and exports under private and joint sectors. Mineral, cement and jewellery sectors are identified as thrust areas in the international policy. Simplified entrepreneur friendly structural changes are brought out in the state mineral policy, decentralised, deregulated and introduced prefixed time frame in the processing of mineral concessions at each level for faster implementation of projects. The government has thrown the mineral sector open for private investment & like to withdraw from areas in which their presence is no longer required & disinvest from these public sectors. The ministry of mines regulates & promotes the activities of mining in the country and is responsible for survey and exploration of all the minerals other than coal, natural gas, petroleum and atomic minerals; mining & metallurgy of non ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc,  lead, gold, nickel; providing administration for prospecting and mining laws

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

India’s tourism industry is experiencing a strong period of growth, driven by the burgeoning Indian middle class, growth in high spending foreign tourists, and coordinated government campaigns to promote ‘Incredible India’. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry has helped growth in other sectors as diverse as horticulture, handicrafts, agriculture, construction and even poultry.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh has a variety of attractions including beaches, hills, wildlife, forests and temples. The state has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its rich history, architecture and culture. Andhra Pradesh is the top tourist destination in India. The weather is mostly tropical. Andhra Pradesh attracts the largest number of tourists in India. 3.2 million Visitors visit the state every year. With more than 600 tourist locations, the second largest coast line in the country, 1000 years of history and pilgrimage centres of every major religion of India, Andhra Pradesh is truly "The essence of India". Many sites still depict that Buddhism had its major significance and it was a prime Buddhist centre. Andhra Pradesh is popularly known as “Food bowl of South”. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh, which is a rich cultural city with many places of interests, palaces, museums, parks and religious sites. Andhra Pradesh is home to many wildlife and natural forest reserves with a large variety of flora and fauna. Diverse landscapes, deciduous forest, coastal belt, dense mangrove forest and many rivers of religious importance also originate in Andhra Pradesh. Largest Indian tiger reserve at Nallamala forest and pelican refuge at Kolleru Lake forms an important location for wildlife lovers.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Some of the salient features of the Tourism Policy are:

·         The policy proposes the inclusion of tourism in the concurrent list of the Constitution to enable both the central and state governments to participate in the development of the sector.

·         No approval required for foreign equity of up to 51 per cent in tourism projects. NRI investment up to 100% allowed.

·         Automatic approval for Technology agreements in the hotel industry, subject to the fulfilment of certain specified parameters.

·         Concession rates on customs duty of 25% for goods that are required for initial setting up, or for substantial expansion of hotels.

·         50% of profits derived by hotels, travel agents and tour operators in foreign exchange are exempt from income tax. The remaining profits are also exempt if reinvested in a tourism related project.

 

Automotive Industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.

 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh recognizes the enormous economic potential of automotive industry for the future development of the state. The economic benefits of the automobile industry to a host economy are legion. The immediate tangible benefits of the automotive industry are employment generation, fast development of key linkage industries liked steel, plastics, paints, etc., improvement in technological and related skill levels in various supporting industries, increased exports, increased revenues, etc. The automotive component manufacturing industry has a major share in the economic map of Andhra Pradesh. An abundance of skilled and non-skilled labourers helped the industry flourish in Andhra Pradesh and today there are more than 100 automotive component manufacturing companies in the state. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government policies on Indian automobile industry have been framed in order to aid in the expansion of the automobiles sector in India. The Auto Policy has spelt out the direction of growth for the auto sector in India and addresses most concerns of the automobile sector, including-

·         Promotion of R&D in the automotive sector to ensure continuous technology up gradation, building better designing capacities to remain competitive.

·         Impetus to Alternative Fuel Vehicles through appropriate long term fiscal structure to facilitate their acceptance.

·         Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies and availability of appropriate auto fuels and encouragement to construction of safer bus/truck bodies - subjecting unorganised sector also to 16% excise duty on body building activity as in case of OEMs.

The government has recently proposed for an infrastructure that will provide one stop clearance for any kind of proposal for foreign direct investment in the automotive sector. This will include the local clearance system also for the same purpose. There are also plans for imposing a 100 % tax deduction on export profits. The government has also proposed for a concession in import duty for the establishment of new manufacturing units and industrial holdings.

 

 

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Biotechnology is gaining increasing ground in India. It is said that the 21st century belongs to this technology. Biotechnology is a frontier technology which has the potential to provide very substantial benefits to society in a wide range of sectors such as agriculture, medical and health, forestry, animal husbandry, environment protection, and improving the quality of products and services. The frontier technology is finding application in the field of healthcare, food, agriculture, horticulture, biopharmaceuticals, environmental protection, etc. The commercialisation of this technique for the betterment of mankind is poised to grow rapidly. The State is leading centre for Biotechnology and several global and Indian Biotechnological companies, global renowned research institutions.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the leading centre for Biotechnology and is known as Vaccine Capital of India. The Biotech industry is Andhra Pradesh accounts for 43% of the total biotech revenue generated by companies in South India. Hyderabad has become the Centre for International Bio Events like Bio India and Bio Asia. Technology will play a critical role in accelerating the pace of development in the State. Andhra Pradesh is endowed with rich bio-resources. There are 7 agro-climatic zones across the State, with 19 major food and commercial crops grown in different parts of the State. There are more than 5000 species of trees and, out of these, 2000 species are flowering trees. About 40 percent of the land is utilised for agriculture and 23 percent of the land is covered by forests in the State. Andhra Pradesh has unique proven expertise, commercial success and thus a competitive edge in biotechnology. With the increasing convergence of these technologies, Andhra Pradesh is poised to forge further ahead. In Agri-biotech, tissue culture for food crops and ornamental plants has been taken up in several parts of the state with considerable success.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has identified the biotechnology sector as engine of economic growth and one of the thrust areas that has the potential to make a positive contribution to the life of the common man. The Government has consistently pursued proactive policies and undertaken several initiatives to support and promote the biotechnology sector in the State. Government of Andhra Pradesh has several firsts to its credits in the area of Bio sector. Key Highlights of the Policy:

·         Single Window Clearance System

·         Sales tax of 1%

·         Provision of rebate based on the employment opportunity created

·         To support the various initiatives being undertaken, the Government proposes to redraft the biotech policy and introduce positive changes that would enable an investor friendly environment.

 

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

In A.P., the collection and transportation constitutes 80 to 95% of total budget of solid waste management, hence it forms key component in determining the economics of whole waste management. Besides other factors like collection and transportation time, routing, the design and carrying capacity of vehicles, types of bins will have bearing effect on the efficient waste management system. It is preferable to use vehicles having mechanical loading system and with closed system of having no dust/smell nuisance during the transportation.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

 

Petroleum, petrochemicals, Chemicals: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical industry in India is well established and has recorded a steady growth over the years. The industry offers a wide scope for development that contributes positively to economic growth and regional development. The future outlook for the industry is bright with positive developments anticipated in various chemical and sub-sectors. The Indian chemical industry is an integral component of the Indian economy contributing around 67% id Indian GDP (Gross Domestic Product). In terms of consumption the chemical Industry is its own largest customer and accounts for approximately 33% of the consumption. Chemical Industries are very important for the economy of any country. This is because; these Chemical Industries supply the farmers Pesticides and Fertilizers which are essential for crop growing. In this way Chemical Industries contribute to agriculture and food self sufficiency of every country.

RESOURCES;

Andhra Pradesh is identified to locate PCPIR (Petroleum, Chemical, and Petro-Chemical Investment Regions) near Visakhapatnam in an area of 250 Sq. Kms (62,000 acres).

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilisers, Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, and Government of India had prepared the PCPIR policy duly addressing the following issues and policy would be announced very shortly:

·         Feedstock availability and its pricing,

·         Incentives and package of the Government of  India,

·         Identification of location of PCPIRs,

·         legal framework for the PCPIR policy,

·         State’s commitment and their incentive  packages

·         Mechanism for inter-action with identified / prospective investor’s / developers.

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ACTIVATED CARBON FROM COCONUT SHELL IN CONTINUOUS ROTARY KILN - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Coconut shell is used for manufacturing a variety of products of commercial importance including activated carbon. Shell is carbonized by using methods like pit method, drum method, destructive distillation etc. Shell based activated carbon is extensively use in the process of refining and bleaching of vegetable oils and chemical solutions, water purification, recovery of solvents, recovery of gold etc. It is used in gas masks and a wide range of filters for war gases and nuclear fall outs. Coconut shell based activated carbon units adopt steam activation process to produce good quality activated carbon. Activated carbon is produced from organic based materials such as coconut shells, palm kernel shells, wood chips, sawdust, corn cobs, seeds etc. The major importers of activated carbon for the period were the gold mining companies, the brewery and the soft drink industries. Activated carbon is used in the gold mining industries to recover gold from cyanide solution using the carbon in pulp or carbon in leach processes. In the brewery and soft drink industries, activated carbon is used mainly to purify the water used in production. In India activated carbon industry is of recent origin. There were only one or two manufacturing units in early fifties which have now increased to 50 or even more. Activated carbon industry is wide spreaded in different parts in the country. The future of beverage industry is very bright. History of activated carbon clearly indicates that it is one of the adsorbent materials both in liquid and gas phases and its applications have steeply increased with growth of modern process industries. A new entrepreneur venturing into this project will find it very lucrative. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Indo German Carbons Ltd. Ion Exchange (India) Ltd. Triton Laboratories Ltd.
Plant capacity: 3000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 395 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 767 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 52.00%
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VERMICOMPOST FROM SOLVENT EXTRACTED SPICE WASTE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Vermicompost is the product or process of composting utilizing various species of worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast, similarly known as worm castings, worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by a species of earthworm. Containing water-soluble nutrients, vermicompost is an excellent, nutrient rich organic fertilizer and soil conditioner. The process of producing vermicompost is called vermicomposting. In addition to much faster decomposition rates, there are several other reasons that make vermicomposting a preferable method over standard methods. With vermicomposting, there is little to no need of aeration or turning unlike conventional methods. The end product of vermicomposting has greater soluble nutrient levels as well as higher microbial populations when compared to traditional methods. On an industrial scale, vermicomposting has been practiced as an in-situ soil remediation process whereby worms mine heavy metals from the soil or treat hydrocarbon contamination. Additionally, vermicomposting has been effective at treating municipal bio-solids and wastewater as well being capable of processing animal manures and other by-products from paper, distillery, and others. Vermicompost, like conventional compost, provides many benefits to agricultural soil, including increased ability to retain moisture, better nutrient holding capacity, better soil structure, and higher levels of microbial activity. A search of the literature, however, indicates that vermicompost may be superior to conventional aerobic compost in a number of areas. There is very wide scope and good market potential of the product due to growth of organic farming.
Plant capacity: 1,500 MT./Annum Plant & machinery: 24 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 107 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 50.00%
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ACTIVATED CARBON FROM COCONUT SHELL

Activated carbon is very important chemical has wide application and employed by numerous industries which require absorption of certain gases and vapors in purification, in catalytic chemical reactions, de colorization of vegetable oil and sugar solutions. Activated carbon manufactured from coconut shell is considered superior to those obtained from other sources mainly because of small macro pores structure which renders it more effective for the Coconut shell is used for manufacturing a variety of products of commercial importance including activated carbon. Activated carbon is a non graphite form of carbon which could be produced from any carbonaceous material such as coal, lignite, wood, paddy husk, coir pith, coconut shell, etc. adsorption of gas/vapor and for the removal of color and odor of compounds. The activated carbon is extensively used in the refining and bleaching of vegetable oils and chemical solutions, water purification, recovery of solvents and other vapors, recovery of gold, in gas masks for protection against toxic gases, in filters for providing adequate protection against war gases/nuclear fall outs, etc. Product characteristics H value - 6.5-7.5 Adsorption capacity at % by mass - 45 Moisture (max) - 5% Ash - 5% Hardness - 90 Applications • Granulated activated carbons are used for purification of gases or liquids and are used in a vertical carbon packed column • Activated carbons have been used as carriers for catalyst in the manufacture of chlorinated hydrocarbons. • Activated carbon finds application in the preparation of pills and digestive tablets. Its adsorptive properties are utilized in the treatment of laments of the stomach due to hyper acidity. • In the laboratory, it is used for the production of high vacuum, purification of gases, determination of vapor content in a carrier gas, etc. Global demand National Scenario In India activated carbon industry is of recent origin. There were only one or two manufacturing units in early fifties which have now increased to 50 or even more. But now activated carbon industry is widely spreaded in different parts of the country. Most of the units are in small scale sector. However, based upon the enquiries there are more than 50 units manufacturing activated carbon for selling. They are located in different parts of the country. Most of these units have capacity of more than 100 tonnes. Quite a few units have installed capacity of more than 1,000 tonnes also. Only 10 to 12 units cater to the national market, all other units cater by and large to local or regional market. It is learnt that the total installed capacity of present available was about 75,000 tonnes and production was around 65,000 to 70,000 tonnes which includes purified and regenerated carbon too. International scenarios Estimated demand of activated carbon in developing countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and gulf countries, where industrial development is emerging up is around 134580 MT in 2014 to 2015. The future of beverage industry is very bright. As the demand for activated carbon from this industry is likely to increase rapidly the estimated to be 15 percent annum and accordingly estimated demand are around 12790 in 2010 to 2011. Activated carbon is also being used in nuclear plants and laboratories for containment of many radioisotopes. Since the applications and demand of activated carbon is immense therefore the potential of the product is excellent. It is one of the imperative fields to endeavor.
Plant capacity: 3 tonnes/dayPlant & machinery: 45 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 200 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Banana powder - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

PRODUCT PROFILE Banana powder is a powder made from processed bananas. Banana is one of the most abundant fruit crops in India. It is also one of the sources of income for farmers. Banana powder has a great potential for commercialization. It has a high sugar and low starch content and can be used as a substitute for fresh banana in making traditional cakes or their premixes as well as in the processing of banana snacks, crackers or crisps. The quality of banana powder is determined by the colour, flavour, texture and moisture content. These are affected by the varieties of bananas and processing operations specially blanching process. Good quality powder is produced from the bananas of right variety and degree of ripeness. The dry powder can be used as an additive in confectioneries, milkshakes and baby foods. Banana powder, because of its high concentration of banana essence, has been found to be a major source of carbohydrate and calories. While it is generally low as a source of protein, the beneficial ingredients of the powder are still markedly superior to that of other fruits. Product characteristics Particle size - Below 100 mesh. Appearance - Free flowing powder Advantage - Major source of carbohydrate and calories Shelf life - 1 year State - Solid, Divided solid Applications • The powder has been found to be useful as a general treatment for dyspepsia (indigestion). • Fights Anaemia by stimulating the production of haemoglobin. • Helping regulate blood pressure because of high potassium and low salt levels • Reducing constipation because of high amounts of fibre, assisting learning & alertness by bringing more oxygen to the brain • A banana powder has a mild laxative property and hence is very useful in children’s diseases • Banana powder is helpful to combat diarrhoea and dysentery • Used for the treatment of stomach ulcers, • Banana powder with milk and sugar can be an excellent supplementary or weaning food for children, it is used in the diets of children for treating malnutrition • Experiments have shown that intake of banana powder helps children to retain many mineral nutrients. Global demand National Scenario India is the fruit and vegetable basket of the world. India produces 54% of world’s mango, 23% banana, 24% cashew nuts, 36% green peas and 10% onion production. India is the largest producer of banana in the world. Maharashtra accounts for 25% of banana production in India, followed by Tamil Nadu (20%), Gujarat (15%), Karnataka (10%) and Andhra Pradesh (10%). The major banana producing states of India are Tamilnadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Assam and Madhya Pradesh. In India, Banana is available all through the year all over the country. If it is converted into powder or other form with the help of technology, then not only a massive wastage of this fruit could prevented but more demand for the fruit could also be generated, because demand for individual products can be increased if they are offered before or after the season. International scenarios Bananas are the fifth largest agricultural commodity in world trade after cereals, sugar, coffee and cocoa. India, Ecuador, Brazil and China alone produce half of total bananas of the world. The advantage of this fruit is its availability round the year. The present scenario the productivity of World is 115.20 T/ha where as that of India is 30.63 T/ha. Banana powder and pulp is largely used in the baking and confectionery, and baby food industries. The Indian food industry is estimated to be worth over US$ 200 billion and is expected to grow to US$ 310 billion. By 2015 India is one of the world’s major food producers but accounts for only 1.7 per cent (valued at US$ 7.5 billion) of world trade in this sector this share is slated to increase to 3 per cent (US$ 20 billion) by 2015. Since the applications and demand of banana powder is immense therefore the potential of the product is excellent. It is one of the imperative fields to endeavour.
Plant capacity: 4500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 166 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project: 539 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 64.00%
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COLD CHAIN - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project, Profitability Ratios

PRODUCT PROFILE Cold chain has become one of the most important supply chain practices in the world today especially because it is used in the pharmaceutical, food, chemical as well as in the floral industries. Cold chain is a logistic system that provides a series of facilities for maintaining ideal storage conditions for perishables from the point of origin to the point of consumption in the food supply chain. The chain needs to start at the farm level (e.g. harvest methods, Pre cooling) and cover up to the consumer level or at least to the retail level. A well organized cold chain reduces spoilage, retains the quality of the harvested products and guarantees a cost efficient delivery to the consumer given adequate attention for customer service. The food supply chain is complex with perishable goods and numerous small stake holders. The Indian cold chains market is largely untapped and lined by several players in the unorganized sector which clues for immense investment and development opportunities. It is at a threshold of exponential increase due to developments taking place in food and retail industry of India. Cold chain application Increased shelf life: • Precooling • Chilled storage • Freezing and frozen storage • Transport refrigeration Cold chain can add value by: • Reducing losses • Reducing cost • Expanding markets • Extending time to sell • Extending shell life • Permitting aggregation to commercial quantities • Changing forms Global Market India has a huge opportunity to become a leading global food supplier if only it has the right marketing strategies and of course efficient supply & cold chains management. Retail is India's largest industry, accounting for over 10 per cent of the country's GDP. The businesses started with traditional corner stores and have emerged to supermarkets and modern retail stores. The total cold chain market in India is worth Rs. 21,375 million, which is equivalent to US$ 475 million. Chiller Segment, which includes F & V pack houses, contributes Rs. 16050 million (US$ 357 Million) to the cold chain market. The profile for the cold chain unit is created as per requirement of the 3rd / 4th years. Optimum utilization starts in 5th year. Being capital intensive project key indicators considered on the 15th year operation. There were 66,765 refrigerators and freezers installed and operational in the country. The cold chain equipment in the country has been installed based on population density of each district. Out of total 66,765 equipment, 63,726 (95%) were placed in 20 larger states and rest of 5% equipment was installed in smaller states and Union Territories. Ministry of Food Processing Industries through its Scheme for Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure is promoting integrated cold chain projects in the country with an aim to provide integrated and complete cold chain and preservation infrastructure facilities without any break, from the farm gate to the consumer, enable linking of groups of producers to the processors and market through well equipped supply chain, establish value addition with infrastructural facilities like sorting, grading, packaging and processing for horticulture including organic produce, marine, dairy, poultry, etc. The cold chain industry itself is estimated to be as large as Rs 10,000 to 15,000 crore, growing at 20 to 25 per cent and is expected to touch Rs 40,000 crore by 2015.
Plant capacity: 6050 T/APlant & machinery: 1214 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of the project: 3770 Lakhs
Return: 19.39%Break even: 39.62%
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Lead Acid Battery - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile: The lead-acid storage battery, an important energy storage device, is the most widely used secondary storage cell by automobile and other industries. Storage cells are devices which release a flow of electron through an external circuit as a result of reactions occurring between the active electrode materials and ions transported by the electrolyte. The cells in which the reactions are reversible are called secondary cells. In these cells the active materials can be returned to their original state by applying electrical current from an external source in the opposite direction to the flow of the cells discharge current. We are dependent on lead acid batteries for many uses in our lives that can be subdivided into four broad categories: engine starting, motive power and standby power, valve regulated battery. There are two distinct designs of recombination battery currently use: Absorbed electrolyte and Gelled electrolyte. Lead acid battery industry is divided into three main sectors: SLI batteries, industrial batteries and transaction batteries. SLI batteries are primarily used in motor vehicle. Industrial batteries include those used for uninterrupted power supply and transaction batteries are used to power electric vehicles such as forklifts. Characteristics: The lead battery uses lead oxide as the active material of the positive electrode and metallic lead in a high surface area porous structure, as the negative material. The physical and chemical properties of these materials are listed below: • Typically a charged positive electrode contains both variations, ? PbO2 (Orthorhombic) and ? PbO2 (Tetragonal) • The equilibrium potential of the ? PbO2 is more positive than that of ? PbO2 by 0.01V. • The cured plate consists of lead sulphate, lead oxide and some residual lead (?5%). • The electrolyte is a sulfuric acid solution, about 1.28 specific gravity or 37% acid by weight in a fully charged condition. • As the cell discharges, both electrodes are converted to lead sulfate and the process reverses on charge. Application: The lead acid battery is used in a wide variety of applications, and in the past few years many new applications have arisen: • The most common use of the lead acid battery is for starting, lighting, and ignition in automobiles and other vehicles with internal combustion engines. • Lead acid batteries are used as the power source in off the road vehicles such as golf carts, forklift trucks, mining vehicles, and construction and industrial equipment. • It also has applications in DC Power System which includes a battery charger (rectifier/charger) which has a sufficient capacity to recharge the batteries at the proper voltage while simultaneously supplying power to the dc load. • In Static uninterruptible AC Power System (UPS) a storage battery is linked to the utility power to provide a continuity of service in the event of an interruption of the utility power. • Valve regulated batteries are used for standby applications such as in telephonic systems, uninterruptible power systems, burglar, fire alarms and emergency lighting. Global Scenario Lead acid batteries are considered to have one of the fastest global growth rates. Usage of lead acid battery is expected to grow further with technological advancements in the electric vehicles market. Although efforts are on to develop a miracle battery for electric vehicles, lead acid batteries are one of the few battery technologies that are considered as the workhorses of today’s Electric Vehicle fleet. The influx of cutting edge technology has brought forth a new genre of long lasting, lead acid batteries featuring smaller size and lightweight attributes. The global market for Lead Acid Batteries (Automotive) is forecast to reach US$15.4 billion by the year 2015, charged by sustained demand from automobiles industry, specifically the aftermarket/replacement market. Emergence of next generation electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) will further drive the market. Since there is a huge demand for Lead acid battery in market therefore the entrepreneur venturing in this field expects an enormous success.
Plant capacity: 300000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 416 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of project : 1327 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 56.00%
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PPR Pipes and Fittings - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile: PPR pipe is known polypropylene pipes, Polypropylene random copolymer with a pipe by extrusion, injection molding a tube. PPR Pipe is used in most home improvement projects a water supply pipeline. PPR pipe interface with hot melt technology, are completely integrated into the pipe together, so once installed pressure tested and will not be further leakage, high reliability. This does not mean there is no defect PPR pipes water pipes, heat resistance, a less pressure more long term working temperature should not exceed 70oC; each piece of limited length, and cannot bend construction, long distance or if the pipeline the corner and more should be used in the construction of a large number of joints; pipe fittings cheap but relatively high prices. Speaking from the overall performance, PPR pipe is the high cost of pipe, water pipe so as decoration material of choice for transformation. Processed from thermoplastic polyolefin into pipes & fittings with superior chemical & physical properties, PPR is environmentally friendly and is produced in line with energy conservation international standards. Its characteristics include being lightweight, heat resistant, anti-corrosive, easily installed, has low thermal conductivity, durable connection and fittings. Characteristics of PPR Pipes: • PPR raw materials for elements only carbon and hydrogen elements, there is no harmful toxic elements in the existence of health, reliable, not only for hot and cold water pipes, can be used to clean drinking water systems. • PPR pipe thermal conductivity coefficient of 0.21w/mk, only steel pipe, 1/200. • PPR pipe Vicat softening point of 131.5oC. Maximum working temperature of up to 95oC, water supply and drainage to meet the construction specifications require the use of hot water system. • It has long service life. PPR pipe in working temperature 70oC, working pressure (PN) 1.O MPa conditions, the service life of up to 50 years; at room temperature (20oC) service life of up to 100 years. • PPR has good welding properties, pipe, pipe fittings can be used hot melt and fused connections, easy installation, connection reliability, its connecting parts of pipe strength is greater than the strength of its own. • PPR waste through clean, broken recycling in the pipe, pipe fittings production. Application: PPR pipe has a wide range of applications: • PPR is frequently utilized as hot and cold water facilities for commercial buildings • food, chemical, electronic and other industrial pipe network • corrosive liquid pipe network • potable water supply • air conditioning pipelines, residential heating system • compressed air pipes network for factories • swimming pools • solar energy and agriculture industries • Residential cold and hot water system • Underground heating system • Conveyor of industrial water and chemical materials • Sanitary and pure water pipelines • Hot water recycling system • Compressed air pipelines • Drink manufacturing and conveying system • Other industrial and agricultural pipe Market Scenario: Considerable growth in the use of PPR (Random Copolymer Polypropylene) pipe systems in new buildings has resulted in a surging demand for PPR material in expanding markets across Eastern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. According to the relevant data plastic sheet, plastic pipe and plastic steel windows and doors are subject to market interest rate of 53% above market demand, an upward trend. In Western Europe, the advantages of PPR pipes are sometimes outweighed by the higher labour costs incurred when fitting the systems, but, in markets with a lower cost of labour, PPRs advantages are driving a big increase in demand. As per industry estimates, global demand for plastic pipe is expected to increase 4.5% annually to 8.1 billion metres in 2012 in weight terms, consumption is projected to expand 4.6% per year to 18.1 million metric tons. The applications and demand of PPR pipes and fittings in the market is immense and therefore its market position is splendid. Hence it is an excellent field to venture.
Plant capacity: 5760 MT PPR pipes/Annum,14400000 Pieces/ Annum, PPR fittingPlant & machinery: 288 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project: 913 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 70.00%
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IV (intravenous) Fluids [Form Fill Seal (FFS) Technology] - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Intravenous fluids are fluids which are intended to be administered to a patient intravenously, directly through the circulatory system. These fluids must be sterile to protect patients from injury, and there are a number of different types available for use. Many companies manufacture packaged intravenous fluids, as well as products which can be mixed with sterile water to prepare a solution for intravenous administration. Fluids are given when someones body fluid volume falls. There are a number of things which can cause a drop in fluid volume. Vomiting and diarrhea are a classic example, which is why people are encouraged to drink fluids when they are sick, to keep their fluid volume stable. Another cause is blood loss, which causes problems both because people lose blood products, and because they experience a loss in fluid volume. Electrolyte levels in the blood can also become unstable as a result of rapid changes in fluid volume, in which case intravenous fluids can be used to restore the balance. Uses and Application There are four main ranges of application of highly specialized intravenous infusion solutions: Aqueous isotonic injection (5%) of dextrose is given as intravenous injections to increase the column of circulating blood in the shocks and haemarrhages and to counteract dehydration. When it is desired to replace excessive salt loss also glucose is injected along with sodium chloride, Dextrose solution is used during postoperative period when sodium extraction is reduced, Dextrose solution with concentration of 10 to 15% are used as diuretic for increase in urine flow, Dextrose solution of 5% normal salinic are used for restoring fluid volume in circulation of an emergency as in accidents with haemarrhage. Market Survey Indias traditions in the science of health and healing go back to the halcyon days of Surushta, Vagbhatta and Charaka. Our system of medicine like Ayurveda was well established and schools and hospitals with treatises and instruction manuals were in wide use. I.V. fluid demand is normally linked to the number of hospital beds. Observations show that 18 bottles of I.V. fluids are consumed per bed per month in the country. The demand is estimated to increase at a rate of 9 to 12% per annum. The growth of I.V fluid manufacturing was faster than the growth rate of drugs. I.V fluids are the solutions applied directly to the vein of a patient who suffer from the weaknesses due to the deficiency of body fluids. These I.V. fluids are the best alternative, which can yield sudden result in the health of a patient by replenishing the body fluids.
Plant capacity: 9000000 Nos. Bottles/ Annum(Each 1000 ml. Bottles)Plant & machinery: 851 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1251 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 49.00%
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CEMENT PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Cement is a material with adhesive and cohesive properties which make it capable of bonding minerals fragments into a compact whole. It can be defined as any substance, which can join unite two or more pieces of some other substance together to form a unit mass. Cement, as used in construction industries, is a fine powder which when mixed with water and allowed to set and harden can join different components or members together to give a mechanically strong structure. Thus cement can be used as bonding material for bricks or for bonding solid particles of different sizes (rubber masonry) to form a monolith. The name Portland cement is given originally due to the resemblance of the color and quality of the hardened cement to Portland stone Portland Island in England. The most common type of cement used by concrete manufacturers is Portland cement, which is prepared by igniting a mixture of raw materials mainly composed of calcium carbonate or aluminium silicates. According to ASTM standard specification C 150, Portland cement is defined as a hydraulic cement produced by pulverizing clinker consisting essentially of hydraulic calcium silicates, usually containing one or more of the forms of calcium sulfate as an inter ground addition . The phase compositions in Portland cement are shown below and they are denoted as tri calcium silicate (C3S), di calcium silicate (C2S), tri calcium aluminate (C3A), and tetra calcium alumino ferrite (C4AF) Uses & Applications The most common use for cement is in the production of concrete. Concrete is a composite material consisting of aggregate (gravel and sand), cement, and water. As a construction material, concrete can be cast in almost any shape desired, and once hardened, can become a structural (load bearing) element. Users may be involved in the factory production of pre cast units, such as panels, beams, road furniture, or may make cast in situ concrete such as building superstructures, roads, dams. Market Survey Indian cement industry, a leading manufacturing sub-sector in India, entered a new era after the partial decontrol in 1982 and near total free market in 1989, ahead of the dawn of the liberalisation era in the country. The industry was totally delicensed in 1991 under the Industries Development and Regulation Act. India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. It is followed by Japan and the USA. The overall turnover of the industry is placed at Rs 600 bn. India accounts for a share of about 6% against China's 37% and the USA's 5% of global production. The demand for cement mainly depends on the level of development and the rate of growth of the economy. There are no close substitutes for cement and hence the demand for cement is price inelastic.
Plant capacity: 6000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 777 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1253 Lakhs
Return: 48.00%Break even: 39.00%
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SANITARY NAPKIN (LOW INVESTMENT PROJECT)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

The Sanitary napkin industry is closely connected with the mode of life, which is in turn directly correlated to housing. Accordingly this industry has always grown by keeping space with improvement in living and it is new indispensable for sanitary in modern housing. Because of intensive improvement and progress of sanitary goods, sanitary napkin is replaced by absorbent cotton in many countries today, since it is clean & it can be carried easily. Generally absorption paper, waterproof paper, crushed pulp, and non-woven cloth or rayon paper is used as raw material. OBJECTIVES: • To popularize and sensitize the use of sanitary napkins among the rural women and girls. • To establish and start preparation of cost effective/low cost sanitary napkins in scientific way for better health and hygiene among females. • To engage some rural unemployed youths in production and marketing and also to fulfill the school requirements to maximum parts. • To provide and supplied quality based sanitary napkins to rural women in comparatively low price than the napkins prevalent in the present day markets. MARKET SCENARIO There is a well-developed sanitary napkin industry in India, with major players such as Proctor & Gamble, and Johnsons & Johnsons, these sanitary napkins are often unaffordable to the millions of Indian women living in low-income and under-privileged section. This is primarily due to the cost of the sanitary napkins resulting from the use of exorbitant plant & machinery and huge profit margins by these brand name companies. Therefore, this project report focuses on a worthwhile sanitary napkin manufacturing Plant/machine through which one can produce and market bio-degradable sanitary napkins. The sanitary pad “gap” is clearly a major global development problem, yet also presents a major market opportunity for innovative, impact driven social enterprises. Sanitary napkin market has huge potential in a country like India where feminine hygiene levels are reckoned to be appallingly low. A sanitary napkin is a product with a stable demand among its consumer group and such stability will act as a base for its explosive growth. The growth in the Indian sanitary napkin consumption will be driven by factors like growing awareness among Indian women about feminine hygiene, availability of low cost sanitary napkins in the market as well as rising women population in our country. Escalating disposable incomes will also make sanitary napkins more affordable and will contribute in augmenting its usage. Indian sanitary napkin market is dominated by MNC’s like P&G Hygiene and Healthcare Ltd (PGHHL) and Johnson & Johnson Ltd. But gradually many homegrown low cost producers have realized the market potential of the product and are swiftly emerging with their low cost affordable offerings and we believe it will change the consumption dynamics of sanitary napkin in our nation. LOW PROJECT INVESTMENT Large scale automatic production line for sanitary napkin costs Rs. 3.5 to 10 Crores, However, the semi-automatic equipments used in this project accounts for approximately Rs.12-15 Lakhs. This allows SME sector and aspiring entrepreneurs to efficaciously use this low cost sanitary napkin manufacturing plant. The equipments used in the project are a set of portable machines that acquires a small area. The machine incorporates pinewood fiber, a raw material which goes through basic 4 step process: (a) de-fiberation, (b) core formation (c) sealing with soft touch sensitive heat control (d) sterilization. Land Area Required: 1200 sq. ft.
Plant capacity: 4.5 Lakhs packets/annum (one packet contains 8 sanitary napkins)Plant & machinery: Rs. 9.48 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 12.46 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 67.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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