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Best Business Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agro-based industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. India is one of the world's largest producers of food, and is the largest producer of milk, sugarcane and tea, as well as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables. Nearly 70% of the population depend on agriculture and agro-based industries. The agro industry is regarded as an extended arm of agriculture. The development of the agro industry can help stabilise and make agriculture more lucrative and create employment opportunities both at the production and marketing stages. The broad-based development of the agro-products industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of India. Since it would cause diversification and commercialization of agriculture, it will thus enhance the incomes of farmers and create food surpluses. 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh produces over 9.57 million tons of fruits, vegetables and spices. Andhra Pradesh is the largest egg producer in India 1,000 kilometres of coastline, 8,577 kilometre river length and 102 reservoirs spread over an area of 2.34 lakh hectares have helped Andhra Pradesh develop as the principal producer of marine and fresh water foods, including fish and prawn. State is blessed with different agro-climatic conditions for growing a variety of horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables, spices, tuber crops, plantation crops and floriculture, largest producer of rice in India. The state is a leading producer of cash crops like tobacco, groundnut, dry chilly, turmeric, oilseeds, cotton, sugar and jute, second-largest producer of horticulture products in India; production is expected to reach 22.90 million tonnes by 2020. State produces some of the finest varieties of mangoes, grapes, guavas, papayas and bananas. Number one position in production of sweet lime, lime, papaya, chilly, turmeric and palm oil, second in the production of tomato and coriander, third in pomegranate, fourth in tapioca, lady finger and grapes, and fifth in onions. To achieve the growth envisaged for the agricultural sector, the state intends to promote investment of around US$ 17.07 billion by 2010, while the total investment until 2020 would be around US$ 39.02 billion

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In the recent Union Budget (2007-08), agriculture has got considerable attention with the various policy initiatives from the side of finance ministry. Some of the imp0ortant policies are:

·         During 2006-07 (until December 2006), 53.37 lakh new farmers were brought into the institutional credit system. A target of Rs. 225,000 crore as farm credit and an addition of 50 lakh new farmers to the banking system have been fixed for the year 2007-08. The two per cent interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans will continue in 2007-08, and a provision of Rs.1,677 crore has been made for that purpose.

·         A special purpose tea fund has been launched for re-plantation and rejuvenation of tea. Government soon plans to put in place similar financial mechanism for coffee, rubber, spices, cashew and coconut.

·         Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) has been revamped in order to complete more irrigation projects in the quickest possible time. As against an outlay of Rs.7,121 crore in 2006-07, the outlay for 2007-08 has been increased to Rs.11,000 crore.

·         Rs.17,253 crore had been budgeted for fertilizer subsidies in 2006-07. However, according to the Revised Estimates, this will rise to Rs.22,452 crore.

·         The National Insurance Scheme (NAIS) will be continued for Kharif and Rabi crops during the year 2007-08.

·         The two per cent interest subvention scheme will continue in 2007-08.

·         Rs. 100 crores have been allocated to new Rain fed Area Development Programme, set up for coordinating all schemes for watershed development. 

 

 

 

 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. Minerals constitute the backbone of economic growth of any nation; India is endowed with significant volume of mineral deposits. It is estimated that India holds abundant reserves of minerals such as non coking coal, iron ore, bauxite (metallurgical grade), dolomite, gypsum, limestone and mica; adequate level of reserves of minerals such as lignite, chromite (metallic), manganese, zinc, graphite; but deficiency in mineral reserves such as coking coal, chromite (refractory grade), bauxite (chemical grade), copper, lead, apatite, rock phosphate and kyanite.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the second largest storehouse of mineral resources in India.  A total of 48 minerals were located with vast explored resources of coal, limestone, bauxite, barites, mica, beach sands, granite, limestone slabs etc., and good resources of oil and natural gas, manganese, asbestos, iron ore, ball clay, fireclay gold, diamond, graphite, dolomite, quartz, tungsten, steatite, feldspar, silica sand, Uranium, beach sands minerals, etc. State is endowed with the internationally known black, pink, blue and multicoloured varieties of granites. Over 400 mines have reported production in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Some of the major mineral based industries in the state include cement, ceramic & refractories, and sulphuric acid.

The state stands First in value of mineral production, contributing 9 to 10 per cent of the country’s mineral value production. Andhra Pradesh has huge reserves of key minerals such as coal, limestone, granite, bauxite and barytes. In fact, the state is estimated to have one-third of the country's total mineral wealth. Andhra Pradesh is the only southern state with coal deposits and has 20 per cent of the country's limestone reserves and 27 per cent of its bauxite reserves. The world's best granite, Black Galaxy, is found only in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is the second largest producer of cement in the country

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Andhra Pradesh mineral policy aims at optimum exploitation, scientific development, value addition, marketing and exports under private and joint sectors. Mineral, cement and jewellery sectors are identified as thrust areas in the international policy. Simplified entrepreneur friendly structural changes are brought out in the state mineral policy, decentralised, deregulated and introduced prefixed time frame in the processing of mineral concessions at each level for faster implementation of projects. The government has thrown the mineral sector open for private investment & like to withdraw from areas in which their presence is no longer required & disinvest from these public sectors. The ministry of mines regulates & promotes the activities of mining in the country and is responsible for survey and exploration of all the minerals other than coal, natural gas, petroleum and atomic minerals; mining & metallurgy of non ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc,  lead, gold, nickel; providing administration for prospecting and mining laws

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

India’s tourism industry is experiencing a strong period of growth, driven by the burgeoning Indian middle class, growth in high spending foreign tourists, and coordinated government campaigns to promote ‘Incredible India’. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry has helped growth in other sectors as diverse as horticulture, handicrafts, agriculture, construction and even poultry.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh has a variety of attractions including beaches, hills, wildlife, forests and temples. The state has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its rich history, architecture and culture. Andhra Pradesh is the top tourist destination in India. The weather is mostly tropical. Andhra Pradesh attracts the largest number of tourists in India. 3.2 million Visitors visit the state every year. With more than 600 tourist locations, the second largest coast line in the country, 1000 years of history and pilgrimage centres of every major religion of India, Andhra Pradesh is truly "The essence of India". Many sites still depict that Buddhism had its major significance and it was a prime Buddhist centre. Andhra Pradesh is popularly known as “Food bowl of South”. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh, which is a rich cultural city with many places of interests, palaces, museums, parks and religious sites. Andhra Pradesh is home to many wildlife and natural forest reserves with a large variety of flora and fauna. Diverse landscapes, deciduous forest, coastal belt, dense mangrove forest and many rivers of religious importance also originate in Andhra Pradesh. Largest Indian tiger reserve at Nallamala forest and pelican refuge at Kolleru Lake forms an important location for wildlife lovers.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Some of the salient features of the Tourism Policy are:

·         The policy proposes the inclusion of tourism in the concurrent list of the Constitution to enable both the central and state governments to participate in the development of the sector.

·         No approval required for foreign equity of up to 51 per cent in tourism projects. NRI investment up to 100% allowed.

·         Automatic approval for Technology agreements in the hotel industry, subject to the fulfilment of certain specified parameters.

·         Concession rates on customs duty of 25% for goods that are required for initial setting up, or for substantial expansion of hotels.

·         50% of profits derived by hotels, travel agents and tour operators in foreign exchange are exempt from income tax. The remaining profits are also exempt if reinvested in a tourism related project.

 

Automotive Industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.

 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh recognizes the enormous economic potential of automotive industry for the future development of the state. The economic benefits of the automobile industry to a host economy are legion. The immediate tangible benefits of the automotive industry are employment generation, fast development of key linkage industries liked steel, plastics, paints, etc., improvement in technological and related skill levels in various supporting industries, increased exports, increased revenues, etc. The automotive component manufacturing industry has a major share in the economic map of Andhra Pradesh. An abundance of skilled and non-skilled labourers helped the industry flourish in Andhra Pradesh and today there are more than 100 automotive component manufacturing companies in the state. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government policies on Indian automobile industry have been framed in order to aid in the expansion of the automobiles sector in India. The Auto Policy has spelt out the direction of growth for the auto sector in India and addresses most concerns of the automobile sector, including-

·         Promotion of R&D in the automotive sector to ensure continuous technology up gradation, building better designing capacities to remain competitive.

·         Impetus to Alternative Fuel Vehicles through appropriate long term fiscal structure to facilitate their acceptance.

·         Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies and availability of appropriate auto fuels and encouragement to construction of safer bus/truck bodies - subjecting unorganised sector also to 16% excise duty on body building activity as in case of OEMs.

The government has recently proposed for an infrastructure that will provide one stop clearance for any kind of proposal for foreign direct investment in the automotive sector. This will include the local clearance system also for the same purpose. There are also plans for imposing a 100 % tax deduction on export profits. The government has also proposed for a concession in import duty for the establishment of new manufacturing units and industrial holdings.

 

 

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Biotechnology is gaining increasing ground in India. It is said that the 21st century belongs to this technology. Biotechnology is a frontier technology which has the potential to provide very substantial benefits to society in a wide range of sectors such as agriculture, medical and health, forestry, animal husbandry, environment protection, and improving the quality of products and services. The frontier technology is finding application in the field of healthcare, food, agriculture, horticulture, biopharmaceuticals, environmental protection, etc. The commercialisation of this technique for the betterment of mankind is poised to grow rapidly. The State is leading centre for Biotechnology and several global and Indian Biotechnological companies, global renowned research institutions.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the leading centre for Biotechnology and is known as Vaccine Capital of India. The Biotech industry is Andhra Pradesh accounts for 43% of the total biotech revenue generated by companies in South India. Hyderabad has become the Centre for International Bio Events like Bio India and Bio Asia. Technology will play a critical role in accelerating the pace of development in the State. Andhra Pradesh is endowed with rich bio-resources. There are 7 agro-climatic zones across the State, with 19 major food and commercial crops grown in different parts of the State. There are more than 5000 species of trees and, out of these, 2000 species are flowering trees. About 40 percent of the land is utilised for agriculture and 23 percent of the land is covered by forests in the State. Andhra Pradesh has unique proven expertise, commercial success and thus a competitive edge in biotechnology. With the increasing convergence of these technologies, Andhra Pradesh is poised to forge further ahead. In Agri-biotech, tissue culture for food crops and ornamental plants has been taken up in several parts of the state with considerable success.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has identified the biotechnology sector as engine of economic growth and one of the thrust areas that has the potential to make a positive contribution to the life of the common man. The Government has consistently pursued proactive policies and undertaken several initiatives to support and promote the biotechnology sector in the State. Government of Andhra Pradesh has several firsts to its credits in the area of Bio sector. Key Highlights of the Policy:

·         Single Window Clearance System

·         Sales tax of 1%

·         Provision of rebate based on the employment opportunity created

·         To support the various initiatives being undertaken, the Government proposes to redraft the biotech policy and introduce positive changes that would enable an investor friendly environment.

 

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

In A.P., the collection and transportation constitutes 80 to 95% of total budget of solid waste management, hence it forms key component in determining the economics of whole waste management. Besides other factors like collection and transportation time, routing, the design and carrying capacity of vehicles, types of bins will have bearing effect on the efficient waste management system. It is preferable to use vehicles having mechanical loading system and with closed system of having no dust/smell nuisance during the transportation.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

 

Petroleum, petrochemicals, Chemicals: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical industry in India is well established and has recorded a steady growth over the years. The industry offers a wide scope for development that contributes positively to economic growth and regional development. The future outlook for the industry is bright with positive developments anticipated in various chemical and sub-sectors. The Indian chemical industry is an integral component of the Indian economy contributing around 67% id Indian GDP (Gross Domestic Product). In terms of consumption the chemical Industry is its own largest customer and accounts for approximately 33% of the consumption. Chemical Industries are very important for the economy of any country. This is because; these Chemical Industries supply the farmers Pesticides and Fertilizers which are essential for crop growing. In this way Chemical Industries contribute to agriculture and food self sufficiency of every country.

RESOURCES;

Andhra Pradesh is identified to locate PCPIR (Petroleum, Chemical, and Petro-Chemical Investment Regions) near Visakhapatnam in an area of 250 Sq. Kms (62,000 acres).

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilisers, Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, and Government of India had prepared the PCPIR policy duly addressing the following issues and policy would be announced very shortly:

·         Feedstock availability and its pricing,

·         Incentives and package of the Government of  India,

·         Identification of location of PCPIRs,

·         legal framework for the PCPIR policy,

·         State’s commitment and their incentive  packages

·         Mechanism for inter-action with identified / prospective investor’s / developers.

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RADIAL TYRES FOR CARS & TRUCKS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The Indian tyre industry has come of age with the manufacture of almost all types of tyres. The industry has an estimated turnover of close to Rs 100 bn. It is made up of 40 players with an installed capacity of 57.3 mn tyres. The industry claims a perceptible export market. The tyre industry in India has had a long history of over 75 years. Three major multinationals, Firestone, Goodyear and Dunlop, have been operating for a long time. Later came in CEAT. During the 1960s and 1970s the dominance of the MNCs was greatly diluted with the entry of Premier, Inchek and MRF. The Indian presence did not stop there. Several new Indian plants were set up, which included those of Modis, JKs, Raunaq Singh group's Apollo Tyres, TVS group and Vikrant. Firestone was acquired by Modis, Dunlop by Manu Chabbria group and CEAT by Duncans (later RPG group). Birla Tyres made a late comer's entry into the industry. There is a tremendous growth of automobile industry and a comprecedentally large number of multi famous brands of cars, trucks and other vehicles coming up. The demand of radial tyres for cars and trucks is increasing at a considerable face. Tyre varieties can be divided into two categories cross ply and radial. The domestic industry is dominated by cross ply tyres, due to the poor conditions of roads in the country and overloading of commercial vehicles (CVs). This is also the reason why penetration of radial tyres in the CV segment is negligible and finds presence only in the passenger car segment. Radial tyres can be differentiated on the type of belt used “ fiberglass, steel and nylon. Worldwide, steel belted radials are more popular due to their performance advantage. Tyres for car and truck are used in the appropriate vehicle for running the vehicle. As the vehicles have colossal scope, the scope of radial tyres for cars, trucks etc. are also very bright. While consumers pay a lot of attention to the automobile they are buying – its engine, seating capacity, color, even the stereos and accessories – little attention is paid to the tyres that carry the weight of the car and its occupants. Consumers will scour the market to find the cheapest tyre and finally may even settle for part-worn or reconditioned rubber. Cars on Indian roads are increasing by the minute and India is slated to have the maximum number of cars on the planet by 2050. With each new car, four new tyres will hit the roads will the tyre industry be able to address not just quality and performance issues. The industry is currently classified into two broader technology segments: the traditional cross-ply and technically-superior radial technology, especially in the passenger cars segment. The industry had fully absorbed the oldish bias technology. The industry still depends on foreign majors for radial technology but motivated by the export market it has been adopting it rapidly. JK Tyres pioneered the production of radial tyres in India, which was followed by Ceat, MRF, Dunlop and Apollo. The radial technology has, however, remained mainly confined to passenger car tyres. JK Tyres ventured into the tyres for fast moving mid-sized car segment with its Ultima XPS. It is pitted directly against Bridgestone, which claims a leadership in radials. Efforts are on to radialise the commercial vehicle tyres. The production process and testing requirements of a radial tyre are technologically superior to conventional tyres. Radials have not made any perceptible dent in the HCV market because of bad road conditions and high level of investment required for this type of tyres. The State Road Transport Corporations, being substantially large buyers of tyres, could be the target to go in for radials. Given the state of the financial performance of these government owned corporations, the use of radial tyres is likely to remain a distant realization. Radial tyres cost 30% more but result in about 7% fuel saving and give almost double the mileage (80,000 kms). All cars launched by foreign auto majors come with radial tyres. However, some perceptible headway in renationalisation of tyres in India is noticeable and its usage is estimated at 10% of HCVs, 12% of LCVs, 5% of jeeps and 58% of cars. It is expected that the demand of radial tyres will increase tremendously. New entrepreneurs can well venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Apollo Tyres Ltd. Balkrishna Industries Ltd. Bridgestone India Pvt. Ltd. Ceat Ltd. Dewan Tyres Ltd. Dunlop India Ltd. Eco Wheels Pvt. Ltd. Falcon Tyres Ltd. Goodyear India Ltd. Govind Rubber Ltd. J K Tyre & Inds. Ltd. Krypton Industries Ltd. M R F Ltd. Modi Rubber Ltd. Modi Tyres Co. Pvt. Ltd. Modistone Ltd. Monotona Tyres Ltd. Poddar Tyres Ltd. Raam Tyres Ltd. Rado Tyres Ltd. Ralson (India) Ltd. Ralson Industries Ltd. S Kumars Tyre Mfg. Co. Ltd. Suntec Tyres Ltd. T V S Srichakra Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300000 Car Tyres, 200000 Truck TyresPlant & machinery: 717 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2117 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 67.00%
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RADIAL TYRES (TIRE) FOR CARS & TRUCKS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

The Indian tyre industry has come of age with the manufacture of almost all types of tyres. The industry has an estimated turnover of close to Rs 100 bn. It is made up of 40 players with an installed capacity of 57.3 mn tyres. The industry claims a perceptible export market. The tyre industry in India has had a long history of over 75 years. Three major multinationals, Firestone, Goodyear and Dunlop, have been operating for a long time. Later came in CEAT. During the 1960s and 1970s the dominance of the MNCs was greatly diluted with the entry of Premier, Inchek and MRF. The Indian presence did not stop there. Several new Indian plants were set up, which included those of Modis, JKs, Raunaq Singh group's Apollo Tyres, TVS group and Vikrant. Firestone was acquired by Modis, Dunlop by Manu Chabbria group and CEAT by Duncans (later RPG group). Birla Tyres made a late comer's entry into the industry. There is a tremendous growth of automobile industry and a comprecedentally large number of multi famous brands of cars, trucks and other vehicles coming up. The demand of radial tyres for cars and trucks is increasing at a considerable face. Tyre varieties can be divided into two categories cross ply and radial. The domestic industry is dominated by cross ply tyres, due to the poor conditions of roads in the country and overloading of commercial vehicles (CVs). This is also the reason why penetration of radial tyres in the CV segment is negligible and finds presence only in the passenger car segment. Radial tyres can be differentiated on the type of belt used fiberglass, steel and nylon. Worldwide, steel belted radials are more popular due to their performance advantage. Tyres for car and truck are used in the appropriate vehicle for running the vehicle. As the vehicles have colossal scope, the scope of radial tyres for cars, trucks etc. are also very bright. While consumers pay a lot of attention to the automobile they are buying its engine, seating capacity, color, even the stereos and accessories little attention is paid to the tyres that carry the weight of the car and its occupants. Consumers will scour the market to find the cheapest tyre and finally may even settle for part-worn or reconditioned rubber. Cars on Indian roads are increasing by the minute and India is slated to have the maximum number of cars on the planet by 2050. With each new car, four new tyres will hit the roads will the tyre industry be able to address not just quality and performance issues. The industry is currently classified into two broader technology segments: the traditional cross-ply and technically-superior radial technology, especially in the passenger cars segment. The industry had fully absorbed the oldish bias technology. The industry still depends on foreign majors for radial technology but motivated by the export market it has been adopting it rapidly. JK Tyres pioneered the production of radial tyres in India, which was followed by Ceat, MRF, Dunlop and Apollo. The radial technology has, however, remained mainly confined to passenger car tyres. JK Tyres ventured into the tyres for fast moving mid-sized car segment with its Ultima XPS. It is pitted directly against Bridgestone, which claims a leadership in radials. Efforts are on to radialise the commercial vehicle tyres. The production process and testing requirements of a radial tyre are technologically superior to conventional tyres. Radials have not made any perceptible dent in the HCV market because of bad road conditions and high level of investment required for this type of tyres. The State Road Transport Corporations, being substantially large buyers of tyres, could be the target to go in for radials. Given the state of the financial performance of these government owned corporations, the use of radial tyres is likely to remain a distant realisation. Radial tyres cost 30% more but result in about 7% fuel saving and give almost double the mileage (80,000 kms). All cars launched by foreign auto majors come with radial tyres. However, some perceptible headway in radialisation of tyres in India is noticeable and its usage is estimated at 10% of HCVs, 12% of LCVs, 5% of jeeps and 58% of cars. It is expected that the demand of radial tyres will increase tremendously. New entrepreneurs can well venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Apollo Tyres Ltd. Balkrishna Industries Ltd. Bridgestone India Pvt. Ltd. Ceat Ltd. Dewan Tyres Ltd. Dunlop India Ltd. Eco Wheels Pvt. Ltd. Falcon Tyres Ltd. Goodyear India Ltd. Govind Rubber Ltd. J K Tyre & Inds. Ltd. Krypton Industries Ltd. M R F Ltd. Modi Rubber Ltd. Modi Tyres Co. Pvt. Ltd. Modistone Ltd. Monotona Tyres Ltd. Poddar Tyres Ltd. Raam Tyres Ltd. Rado Tyres Ltd. Ralson (India) Ltd. Ralson Industries Ltd. S Kumars Tyre Mfg. Co. Ltd. Suntec Tyres Ltd. T V S Srichakra Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300000 Car Tyres, 200000 Truck TyresPlant & machinery: 717 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2117 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 67.00%
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AUTOMOBILE BRAKE SHOES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The automobile is unique technological achievement which makes the distance shorter. With this a far distance is covered in very short time. Automobile brakes require more attention than any other system in the vehicle. Equal emphasis is given to the clutch but it comes next. The safety of passengers, pedestrians other vehicles and public properties depend upon the design and condition of brake equipments. Brakes must at all time and under varying condition be capable of stopping the vehicle quickly to avoid collisions or loss of control. In all the leading countries of world regulations requires that vehicles be equipped with breaks that passes definite performance characteristics. In many cases, standards are set by low. In some communities periodic checking or examination are carried out by the highly qualified authority to ensure the highest possible standards of safety. The total market size of the auto-components industry is estimated at over Rs 700 bn. The industry estimates that the Indian components industry will grow to over Rs 950 bn by 2010. The overall investment in the components industry is estimated at Rs 288 bn. The sector is composed of 500 medium and large players, besides over 5,000 units in the small scale sector. There are 50 leading companies in the organized sector, which account for a major share of the total output. The number of items produced exceeds 25,000. Having gained global recognition, the Indian auto components industry exports are placed at around USD 3.25 bn. The industry, riding on growing exports, has been seeking a special status on the lines of IT and gems and jewellery incentives to realize its potential to touch exports of over USD 5 bn by 2010. The exports crossed the Rs 10 bn mark in 1996-97 and have progressively risen to a level of Rs 145 bn in 2007-08. Brake shoes are used in the brakes of automobile vehicles. This provides the base to the lining. This is the part which feeds pressure and transmits this force to the lining by expansion. This is a very important part of the braking system. Due to high friction to the vehicle stops. An immense addition to capacity will thus be taking place in this sector at a time when the domestic car market has slumped. Looking at the ever changing and improving positions of automobile industries it is not difficult to assess that brake stores industries has a very bright future scope in India. It is but material to conclude that the brake shoes industry has also a similar demand condition. Production of brake shoe depends upon the production of automobile. According to demand, increase of automobile industry brake shoe industry will also increase. Now automobile industry average growth comes to 4.5%. New entrepreneur may enter in this field with good marketing idea may be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Allied Nippon Ltd. Balaji Pressure Vessels Ltd. Haldex India Ltd. Hindustan Composites Ltd. Mando India Ltd. Rane Brake Lining Ltd. Sundaram Brake Linings Ltd. Wabco-T V S (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: 4000 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: 48 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 293 Lakhs
Return: 55.00%Break even: 39.00%
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GOOD FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR COLD STORAGE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

India ranks first in the world in production of fruits and second in vegetables, accounting roughly 10 and 15 per cent, respectively, of total global production. India have a strong and dynamic food processing sector playing a vital role in diversifying the agricultural sector, improving value addition opportunities and creating surplus food for agro-food products. Presently, a mere 2.2 per cent of fruits and vegetables are processed, even as the country ranks second in the world in terms of production. This is comparatively low when compared to other countries like Brazil (30 per cent), USA (70 per cent) and Malaysia (82 per cent). The National policy aims to increase the percentage of food being processed in the country to 10 per cent by 2010 and 25 per cent by 2025. Major vegetables grown are Potato, Onion, Tomato, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Bean, Egg Plants, Cucumber, Gherkin, Peas, Garlic and okra. The major fruits grown in India are Mangos, Grapes, Apple, Apricots, Orange, Banana Fresh, Avocados, Guava, Litchi, Papaya and Water Melons. Mango, accounts for 40 percent of the national fruit production and India is one of the leading exporters of fresh table grapes to the global market. The changing food habits are discernible. There has been a positive growth in ready –to-serve beverages, fruit juices and pulps, processed fruits and vegetables products, i.e., dried or preserved and dehydrated vegetables and fruits such as sauces, preserved onions, cucumbers and gherkins, green pepper in brine, dehydrated garlic and ginger powder, dried garlic and ginger, tomato products, pickles and chutneys, processed mushrooms and truffles and curried vegetables. The goal of keeping fruit and vegetables fresh is to preserve vitamins, flavour and crispness. The condition of vegetables and most fruits begins to deteriorate as soon as they’re picked. Nearly one third of our horticultural produce, especially fruits and vegetables are wasted, mainly on account of poor cold storage and other storage facilities. Wastage of fruits and vegetables due to poor post-harvest management and lack of cold chain facilities have been estimated to cost up to Rs 500 billion annually. The country also experiences wide fluctuations in prices of horticultural produce, particularly potatoes and onions. The cold storages will help boost exports of agricultural and allied produce, marine produce etc. Other food segments like dairy products, and processed meat, also require cold storage facilities. Freezing is a quick, convenient, and popular way to preserve fruits and vegetables. Freezing is not usually as economical as canning, but it preserves more nutrients in the food if properly done. Built-in-place cold storage can be constructed out of wood pole and post, steel and/or concrete block. The construction cost will depend on labor cost and on the type of materials used for the frame, walls, floor, ceiling and insulation. The cooling process is one of the most important steps in the entire process that brings fruits and vegetables from the farm to the storage table. Incentives to build cold-storage facilities will bring investment, cut food wastage and smoothen the supply chain in the world's second biggest producer of fruits and vegetables. Government Support for cold storage plants are available in the form of subsidies with consultancy services to help connecting farmers to market & to avoid heavy losses & wastes of food products. With a view to ensuring faster development of cold storage capacity and to encourage entrepreneurs to invest more in this sector, a new credit-linked capital subsidy scheme for construction of cold storages and godowns is being availed from government. The scheme would be implemented by NABARD/NCDC/NHB. National Horticulture Board is providing capital subsidy to entrepreneurs for construction, expansion and modernization of cold storages for horticulture products. This scheme is to promote setting up of cold storages in the country for reducing post harvest losses. A subsidy of 25% of the project cost subject to a maximum of Rs.50 lakh per project will be availed under this scheme. However, for the projects in the northeastern States, maximum subsidy admissible would be Rs.60 lakh @ 33.33% of the project cost. Cold Storages including controlled Atmosphere (CA) and Modified Atmosphere (MA) Stores, pre-cooling units and other Storages for onion etc. Naturally this scheme will attract new investment in this sector. This move is a good decision for agriculture sector which is struggling with food wastage problem. Cold storage facilities are limited and the focus of the recent budget on bringing in more investment will boost warehousing and cold storage sector.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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GLASS SHEET - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Glass is one of man's most valuable and versatile materials. About 700 different compositions are in thousands use. These are fabricated into tens of thousands of different articles that have combinations of properties for about a thousand essentially different uses. Glass is formed from those elements such as silicon, boron, phosphorous and arsenic that can be converted into glass when combined with oxygen, sulphur, tellurium or selenium. Common glasses contain about 70% SiO2. Sodium carbonate or soda ash decomposes, to sodium oxides as the batch of raw material melts. Consequently it acts as a flux. The carbon dioxide given off helps to stir the batch, and the oxide lowers the melting point. Limestone and dolomite act similarly as soda ash, but are used to make the glass more inert to water and to add other desirable properties. Other oxides, chiefly aluminium led, and cadmium act as stabilizers, increasing the strength of the glass and increasing resistance to chemical attack. Sodium and barium sulphate may be added to enhance the removal of fine particles of uncombined silica which may form a scum. Soda lime glass is the most commonly glass, stabilizing oxides are added to decrease the solubility of the sodium silicates. This allows the production of chemically durable glasses. Calcium oxide is a cheap and effective stabilizer. Most glass bottle; window glasses and lamp bulbs are made from soda lime glasses. The term float glass pertains to all glasses produced in a flat form, regardless of the method of manufacture. Over one third of flat glass produced in Germany is not used in its original form, but finished into other products such as automotive safety glass mirrors. By far the greatest amount of flat glass consists of soda lime glass. The main user segments of float glass are the automobiles and construction industries. The demand for float glass is, therefore, very much correlated to the growth in these industries. It is well known fact all over the world that the best quality glass can be produced with the help of the float glass technology. There are no waves and distortion in the sheet glass manufacturing with the help of float glass technology, is the final product is free of all defects. So far in our country sheet glass is being manufactured with the help of four coult and PPG (pits burgh process) glass technologies. More or less the waves and distortions invariably remain in the sheet glass manufactured with the help of these technologies. The glass industry represents a number of definable product segments. These are flat glass including float glass, glass containers and hollowware, vacuum glass, domestic and industrial glassware, crystal glass, fiberglass, glass wool, TV picture tube glass shells, and laboratory glass. Most of the glass products have both industrial and consumer usages. Laboratory glass is a minor constituent. So are fiberglass and glass wool. Although the industry is growing at 12% per annum, it is not enough to keep it afloat. Per capita consumption of glass in India is only 0.4 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 Kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The two main entrants in the glass industry in the recent years have been float glass (by 25%) than normal sheet glass. It also has a much higher degree of optical clarity. Other varieties include figured and wired glass. Apart from a very large number of small players in the glass industry, there are some 76 large and medium-sized producers. Of these, 44 produce containers and hollowware with a capacity of 1.5 million tones and registered a production of 1.35 million tonnes. Market for flat glass has always been driven by the demand for building glass and automotive glass, which in turn depend on economic growth. With the economy showing signs of revival, demand for glass will once again be back in double digits in the coming years. Thus, this sector has a good market and export potential for new entrants. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Asahi India Glass Ltd. Gujarat Guardian Ltd. Hindusthan National Glass & Inds. Ltd. I A G Co. Ltd. Saint-Gobain Sekurit India Ltd. Triveni Glass Ltd.
Plant capacity: 4500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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BRAKE FLUID - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Brake fluid is one of the most important components in a braking system. It is a type of hydraulic fluid used in brake applications in motorcycles, automobiles and light trucks. It is used to transfer force under pressure from where it is created through hydraulic lines to the braking mechanism near the wheels. It works because liquids are not appreciably compressible. Braking applications produce a lot of heat so brake fluid must have a high boiling point to remain effective and must also not freeze under normal temperatures. These requirements eliminate most water-based solutions. The quality and safety of a brake fluid is defined by its boiling point. Brake fluid can come in a number of forms, standardized under the DOT (Department of Transportation) standard. DOT 2 is essentially castor oil; DOT 3, DOT 4, and DOT 5.1 are composed of various mineral oils, glycol esters and ethers; and DOT 5 is silicone-based. Most cars used in the US use DOT 3. DOT 3 is one of several designations of brake fluid denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point. DOT 3 like DOT 4 is a polyethylene glycol based fluid. Fluids such as DOT 3 are hygroscopic and will absorb water from the atmosphere. This degrades the performance of the fluid by drastically reducing its boiling point. In a passenger car this is not much of an issue, but can be of serious concerns in race cars or motorcycles. DOT 4 is one of several designations of brake fluid denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point. The glycol brake fluids are in good demand and many manufacturers compete in a large market. Different mixes would be used depending on the aim, e.g. low price, good race performance, low moisture absorption for long life, etc. Glycol based fluids are two times less compressible than silicone type fluids, even when heated. Less compressibility of brake fluid will increase pedal feel (firmness), but in either case this effect is minimal. The US Army has used silicone brake fluid exclusively since 1982 successfully. Glycols are hygroscopic and will absorb water from the atmosphere, reducing the boiling point of the fluid and degrading hydraulic efficiency. Changing fluid on a regular basis will greatly increase the performance of the brake system, but this is often not a concern in passenger cars. On the other hand, changing fluid at least every several years will preserve the life of brake system components (by removing accumulated water and other contaminants) and increase the overall reliability of the brake system. Polyethylene glycol and other brake fluid ingredients may be corrosive to paint and finished surfaces such as chrome and thus care should be taken when working with the fluid. In the recent survey, the market of auto industry will expand to its double in the coming years. Auto lubricants have always been the highest demanded product in the past and continue to be in the present as well. The entry of latest innovations and scientific enhancements, the demand of the auto lubricant has climbed the highest peak ever. The Indian lubricants industry claims to be the sixth largest in the world. It has the presence of almost all major MNCs which include Shell, Mobil, Gulf Oil, Caltex. Some of these oil majors have even tied up or renewed old ties with public sector undertakings, thereby gaining the advantage of distribution and infrastructural networks. The industry is being constrained by high petroleum prices. Until the 1980s, lubricants produced in the country were basically simple blends based on low and medium level technologies. More sophisticated lubricants were imported and these accounted for a relatively small market. Product variation is fairly extensive depending on the requirements of the segment served. In many cases, specific customers have their own special requirements. The lubricants market was dominated by three public sector refinery companies: (i) Bharat Petroleum (ii) Indian Oil Corporation, and (iii) Hindustan Petroleum. Small contributions came in from BPL and private players like Castrol. Lubrizol India and Indian Additives came into existence for manufacturing sophisticated lubricant additives with the collaboration of Lubrizol and Chevron, respectively. There is a good market potential for this product. Any new entrepreneur venture in this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 110 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 404 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 69.00%
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PLASTIC INJECTION MOULDING PLANT FOR AUTO PARTS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Plastic Injection molding is a manufacturing process for producing parts from both thermoplastic and thermosetting plastic materials. Material is fed into a heated barrel, mixed, and forced into a mold cavity where it cools and hardens to the configuration of the mold cavity. After an industrial designer or an engineer designs a product, usually, molds are made by a mold maker (or toolmaker) from metal, usually either steel or aluminium, and precision-machined to form the features of the desired part. Injection molding is widely used for manufacturing a variety of parts, from the smallest component to entire body panels of cars. It is also used to create many things such as wire spools, packaging, bottle caps, automotive dashboards, pocket combs, and most other plastic products available today. Injection molding is the most common method of part manufacturing. It is ideal for producing high volumes of the same object. Some advantages of injection molding are high production rates, repeatable high tolerances, the ability to use a wide range of materials, low labour cost, minimal scrap losses, and little need to finish parts after molding. India automotive industry is expected to grow in another ten years. The Indian automotive industry is growing at a very high rate with sales of more than one million passenger vehicles per annum. The overall growth rate is 10-15 per cent annually. The entire car market was likely to witness a fair amount of churning in the coming years. This will definitely be a driving force for a high demand of auto components. India is the worlds second largest manufacturer of two-wheelers, fifth largest manufacturers of commercial vehicles as well as largest manufacturer of tractors. It is the fourth largest passenger car market in Asia and home to the largest motorcycle manufacturer. Coming to the Auto-component sector, the total market size of the auto-components industry is estimated at over Rs 700 billion. The industry estimates that the Indian components industry will grow to over Rs 950 billion by 2010. The overall investment in the components industry is estimated at Rs 288 billion. Indigenous firms like Bharat Forge, Sundaram Fasteners, Minda Industries and Gabrial India Ltd. are in the limelight. There is a boom in the auto components segment because of strong demand and robust economy. Also, the industry has strong forward and backward linkages with almost every other engineering segment. The component production range includes engine parts 31%, drive transmission and steering parts 19%, suspension and braking parts 12%, electrical parts 10%, equipments 12%, body and chassis 9% and others 7%. The auto component suppliers are emerging as systems suppliers with capacity to design and develop critical parts. The Indian automobile components industry has, no doubt, significant cost advantages, primarily due to lower labour cost. There is a very wide scope and good market potential of products manufactured in this sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Hanil Lear India Pvt. Ltd. Hi-Tech Elastomers Ltd. Machino Plastics Ltd. Tata Auto Plastic Systems Ltd. Varroc Engineering Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300000 Nos. Car Fender, 75000 Nos. Car Bumper, 75000 Nos. Car Dash Board Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 1055 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1401 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 40.00%
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BICYCLE TUBES AND MOTORCYCLE TUBES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Bicycle and motorcycle tubes are the backbone of the bicycle and motorcycle industries. Few numbers of companies in the organized sectors are engaged in the quality grade cycles tyres and tubes and few unorganized sector are also engaged in manufacturing bicycle tyre and tubes. An inner tube is basically a doughnut-shaped balloon, with a valve for inflation. The only requirement for an inner tube is that it should not leak. Being rubber, they have no rigid structure. If an inner tube is inflated outside of a tire, it will expand to 2 or 3 times its nominal size, if it doesn't explode first. Without being surrounded by a tire, an inner tube can't withstand any significant air pressure. Most of the basic raw materials are indigenously available but there is short supply of natural rubber and butyl rubber, it is required to import. Basic technology is also indigenously available in India. Plants and machineries are indigenously available. The market for tubes for bicycle and motorcycle is directly related to the demand for bicycle and motorcycle. Every bicycle and motorcycle manufactured will need a tube for its tire. So an analysis of bicycle and motorcycle production will provide a clear picture of demand for tubes. With a production of about 4.5 million vehicles in 2001-02 and over 8.5 million vehicles now, India is the second largest producer of 2-wheelers worldwide, which includes motorcycles, scooters and mopeds. There has been a steady growth in the demand for motorcycles in India. It has become a youth icon, particularly among the urban youth charged by speed and style which motorcycles impart to their personality. The motorcycles overtook scooters in 1998-99 and have not looked back. The scenario for 2006-07 conformed to the sustained performance in the recent past with sales at over 7 million, higher by over 16.5% on the preceding year's sales. In 2008-09 (first 8 months) sales at 2.85 million were higher by 14.5% than in the comparable period of 2007-08. The total market of motorcycles was estimated at Rs 220 billion in 2007-08, a decline of 5% over that of preceding year. The growing demand of 2/3 wheelers and bicycle will definitely give rise to high demand of tubes in the coming years. There is a good market potential and good scope for all new entrepreneurs to venture into this sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Atlas Cycles (Haryana) Ltd. Avon Cycles Ltd. Dewan Steels Ltd. Hero Cycles Ltd. National Bicycle Corpn. Of India Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300000 Nos. Bicycle Tubes, 300000 Nos. Motorcycle TubesPlant & machinery: 105 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 240 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 50.00%
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ROLLER FLOUR MILL (ATTA, MAIDA & SUJI)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Roller Flour mill serve the purpose of processing wheat to convert it into flour. The plant will have facility to produce, maida, suji, atta and bran. These products will be sold as per the guidance issued for Food and Civil Supplies Department of the concerned state. Thus milling is an imperative physical function involved in converting wheat into its milled products. Separating the wheat grain into its constituents (bran, germ and endosperm) Wheat grains are the seed of the wheat plant, which is able to grow in kinds of soil and under widely differing climatic conditions. The principle wheat of commerce belongs to the botanical groups Triticum vulgane, Triticum drum and Triticum compactum. A grain of wheat is avoided in shape and it bears at one end a number of short fine Grains. The grains of wheat consists of three main parts the enveloping skins, the embryo and the endosperm. The relative proportions of these parts vary with the plumpness of the grain but the average composition of wheat is 83% endosperm, 2.5% embryo and 14.5% enveloping skins. The enveloping skins are pericarp consists of the epidermis, epicarp and endocarp. The pericarp represents about 6% of the grain. The seed coat consists of the testa, the hyaline layer which comprises about 2% of the grain. The aleurone layer representing about 6.5% of the grain wheat show a wide range of analytical data which is not unexpected in view of the many varieties which are grown and the very different conditions under which they are cultivated. Flourmill consists of following machineries as blender, sieves, breaks rolls, smooth steel reduction, rolls aspirators, conveyors water washers etc. Flour is classified according to the amount of grain included in the final product. Grain processing systems are generally based on the separation of the following components of the grain: Bran is the hard, brownish outer protective skin of the grain (varies from 6% in corn to 16% in wheat). Bran layers include the cuticle, mesocarp, cross layer, tube cells and testa. The bran layers are a concentrated source of dietary fibre. Endosperm is the inner part of the grain (varies from 60% in rice, barley and oats to 80% of the grain in wheat). It provides the growing plant with food. The main nutrients in the endosperm are protein and carbohydrate. Aleurone consists of one or more layers of cells between the bran and the endosperm (8-10% of total grain). The number of layers varies from 1 cell thick in wheat, rye, oats and maize to up to 3 cells thick in barley and rice. The aleurone layer is a concentrated source of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Germ is the part of the seed that becomes a new plant if the seed is sown (varies from 12% in maize and 10% in sorghum to as low as 2% or 3% in other grains). It consists of the embryo and the scutellum. Most of the grain kernel's fat and vitamin E content is found in the germ. The RFM industry is basically in agro-based processing industry engaged in the manufacture of products based on wheat, namely maida, suji, atta and bran. In some states, under special arrangements RFM units produce whole meal atta to meet the requirements of various distribution programmes. Apart from direct consumption by general consumers, maida and sooji produced by RFM units serve as the most important raw material to more than 55 thousand units manufacturing bread, biscuit and bakery products all over the country. Besides this the resultant wheat bran serves as the poultry feed. There is a good scope to venture into this field. Few Major players are as under: Ambe Agro Inds. Ltd. Patna Ambuja Flour Mills Ltd. Patna Anirudh Foods Ltd. North West Delhi Ankit India Ltd. Kolkata Aruppukottai Shri Ramalinga Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Ramanathapuram Bambino Agro Inds. Ltd. Hyderabad Bannari Amman Flour Mill Ltd. Coimbatore Calcutta Flour Mills Ltd. Kolkata Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. Gurgaon Century Flour Mills Ltd. Chennai D F M Foods Ltd. North Delhi Delhi Flour Mills Co. Ltd. North Delhi Flour & Food Ltd. Gallantt Udyog Ltd. Kolkata General Mills India Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai Govind Mills Ltd. Puruliya Gupta Nutritions Pvt. Ltd. Patna Himanshu Flour Mills Ltd. Bhopal Hyderabad Roller Flour Mills Co. Ltd. Hyderabad Jai Mata Foods Ltd. Sangrur Kaushalya Roller Flour Mills Pvt. Ltd. Thane Koodal Industries Ltd. Madurai Modern Flour Mills Ltd. North West Delhi Naga Ltd. Chennai Naga Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Chennai Nath Roller Flour Mills Pvt. Ltd. Muzaffarnagar Okara Flour & General Mills Ltd. Central Delhi Parakh Agro Inds. Ltd. Dhar Patiala Flour Mills Co. Ltd. Patiala Pawan Udyog Ltd. Puruliya Poona Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Pune Prahlad Flour Mills Ltd. Lucknow R K Patel Food Pvt. Ltd. Jalgaon Rohini Foods Pvt. Ltd. Chennai S K Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Sakthi Murugan Agro Foods Ltd. Coimbatore Sakthi Murugan Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Coimbatore Shakti Bhog Foods Ltd. North West Delhi Shree Bankey Behari Exports Ltd. North Delhi Sita Shree Food Products Ltd. Indore Sree Behariji Mills Ltd. Patna Sunil Agro Foods Ltd. Bangalore Super Bakers (India) Ltd. Ahmadabad Trambakam Flour Mills Ltd. Jaunpur U F M Industries Ltd. Cachar Vasai Roller Flour Mills Pvt. Ltd. Thane Vrundavan Agro Inds. Ltd. Panch Mahals Wallace Flour Mills Co. Ltd. Mumbai Wellgo Agro Inds. Ltd. Puruliya Zest Gartex Ltd. Jaipur
Plant capacity: Maida 9500 MT/Year, Atta 3000 MT/Year,Suji 10000 MT/Year,Bran 6600 MT/YearPlant & machinery: 132 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1328 Lakhs
Return: 51.00%Break even: 29.00%
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FURFURAL FROM CORNCOBS, RICE HUSK & SUGARCANE BAGASSE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Furfural is produced from agricultural waste biomass that contain pentosans, which are aldose to sugars, composed of small rings formed from short five-member chains, that constitute a class of complex carbohydrates, present in cellulose of many woody plants such as corn cobs, sugar cane bagasse, rice and oat hulls etc. Furfural is a clear, colorless motile liquid with a characteristic almond-benzaldehyde odor. Any material containing pentosans can be used for the production of furfural. Technically furfural is produced by acid hydrolysis of the pentosan contained in woody biomass. Furfural is the only organic compound derived from biomass that can replace the crude oil based organics used in industry. Furfural is used as a solvent in petrochemical refining to extract dienes from other hydrocarbons. Furfural, as well as its derivative furfuryl alcohol, can be used together with phenol, acetone, or urea to make solid resins. Furfural can be used for the production of lubricants; specialist adhesives and plastics; and nylons. It is the starting material for cycling shorts and many more. The demand for furfural and furfuryl alcohol in the international market will maintain stable growth for the next few years. Due to problems in environmental impact and cost, the output of furfural in advanced countries such as the United States and European countries will decline further owing to the relatively low production cost of furfuryl alcohol in India. Expanded production of downstream products can remarkably increase the added value of India’s furfural and furfuryl alcohol industrial chain. The production of the (tetrahydrofuran) and PTMEG (polytetramethylene ether glycol) using furfural as raw material is an important way to increase the added value and is worth great attention from furfural producers. Production of furfural and furfuryl alcohol is projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5% provided no shortage of raw material (corncobs) is experienced. China is the only major region where increased furfural production is expected in the next five years. There is a good scope to venture into this field for new entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: 600 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 69 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 278 Lakhs
Return: 41.00%Break even: 52.00%
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