Best Business Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agro-based industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. India is one of the world's largest producers of food, and is the largest producer of milk, sugarcane and tea, as well as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables. Nearly 70% of the population depend on agriculture and agro-based industries. The agro industry is regarded as an extended arm of agriculture. The development of the agro industry can help stabilise and make agriculture more lucrative and create employment opportunities both at the production and marketing stages. The broad-based development of the agro-products industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of India. Since it would cause diversification and commercialization of agriculture, it will thus enhance the incomes of farmers and create food surpluses. 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh produces over 9.57 million tons of fruits, vegetables and spices. Andhra Pradesh is the largest egg producer in India 1,000 kilometres of coastline, 8,577 kilometre river length and 102 reservoirs spread over an area of 2.34 lakh hectares have helped Andhra Pradesh develop as the principal producer of marine and fresh water foods, including fish and prawn. State is blessed with different agro-climatic conditions for growing a variety of horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables, spices, tuber crops, plantation crops and floriculture, largest producer of rice in India. The state is a leading producer of cash crops like tobacco, groundnut, dry chilly, turmeric, oilseeds, cotton, sugar and jute, second-largest producer of horticulture products in India; production is expected to reach 22.90 million tonnes by 2020. State produces some of the finest varieties of mangoes, grapes, guavas, papayas and bananas. Number one position in production of sweet lime, lime, papaya, chilly, turmeric and palm oil, second in the production of tomato and coriander, third in pomegranate, fourth in tapioca, lady finger and grapes, and fifth in onions. To achieve the growth envisaged for the agricultural sector, the state intends to promote investment of around US$ 17.07 billion by 2010, while the total investment until 2020 would be around US$ 39.02 billion

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In the recent Union Budget (2007-08), agriculture has got considerable attention with the various policy initiatives from the side of finance ministry. Some of the imp0ortant policies are:

·         During 2006-07 (until December 2006), 53.37 lakh new farmers were brought into the institutional credit system. A target of Rs. 225,000 crore as farm credit and an addition of 50 lakh new farmers to the banking system have been fixed for the year 2007-08. The two per cent interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans will continue in 2007-08, and a provision of Rs.1,677 crore has been made for that purpose.

·         A special purpose tea fund has been launched for re-plantation and rejuvenation of tea. Government soon plans to put in place similar financial mechanism for coffee, rubber, spices, cashew and coconut.

·         Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) has been revamped in order to complete more irrigation projects in the quickest possible time. As against an outlay of Rs.7,121 crore in 2006-07, the outlay for 2007-08 has been increased to Rs.11,000 crore.

·         Rs.17,253 crore had been budgeted for fertilizer subsidies in 2006-07. However, according to the Revised Estimates, this will rise to Rs.22,452 crore.

·         The National Insurance Scheme (NAIS) will be continued for Kharif and Rabi crops during the year 2007-08.

·         The two per cent interest subvention scheme will continue in 2007-08.

·         Rs. 100 crores have been allocated to new Rain fed Area Development Programme, set up for coordinating all schemes for watershed development. 

 

 

 

 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. Minerals constitute the backbone of economic growth of any nation; India is endowed with significant volume of mineral deposits. It is estimated that India holds abundant reserves of minerals such as non coking coal, iron ore, bauxite (metallurgical grade), dolomite, gypsum, limestone and mica; adequate level of reserves of minerals such as lignite, chromite (metallic), manganese, zinc, graphite; but deficiency in mineral reserves such as coking coal, chromite (refractory grade), bauxite (chemical grade), copper, lead, apatite, rock phosphate and kyanite.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the second largest storehouse of mineral resources in India.  A total of 48 minerals were located with vast explored resources of coal, limestone, bauxite, barites, mica, beach sands, granite, limestone slabs etc., and good resources of oil and natural gas, manganese, asbestos, iron ore, ball clay, fireclay gold, diamond, graphite, dolomite, quartz, tungsten, steatite, feldspar, silica sand, Uranium, beach sands minerals, etc. State is endowed with the internationally known black, pink, blue and multicoloured varieties of granites. Over 400 mines have reported production in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Some of the major mineral based industries in the state include cement, ceramic & refractories, and sulphuric acid.

The state stands First in value of mineral production, contributing 9 to 10 per cent of the country’s mineral value production. Andhra Pradesh has huge reserves of key minerals such as coal, limestone, granite, bauxite and barytes. In fact, the state is estimated to have one-third of the country's total mineral wealth. Andhra Pradesh is the only southern state with coal deposits and has 20 per cent of the country's limestone reserves and 27 per cent of its bauxite reserves. The world's best granite, Black Galaxy, is found only in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is the second largest producer of cement in the country

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Andhra Pradesh mineral policy aims at optimum exploitation, scientific development, value addition, marketing and exports under private and joint sectors. Mineral, cement and jewellery sectors are identified as thrust areas in the international policy. Simplified entrepreneur friendly structural changes are brought out in the state mineral policy, decentralised, deregulated and introduced prefixed time frame in the processing of mineral concessions at each level for faster implementation of projects. The government has thrown the mineral sector open for private investment & like to withdraw from areas in which their presence is no longer required & disinvest from these public sectors. The ministry of mines regulates & promotes the activities of mining in the country and is responsible for survey and exploration of all the minerals other than coal, natural gas, petroleum and atomic minerals; mining & metallurgy of non ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc,  lead, gold, nickel; providing administration for prospecting and mining laws

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

India’s tourism industry is experiencing a strong period of growth, driven by the burgeoning Indian middle class, growth in high spending foreign tourists, and coordinated government campaigns to promote ‘Incredible India’. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry has helped growth in other sectors as diverse as horticulture, handicrafts, agriculture, construction and even poultry.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh has a variety of attractions including beaches, hills, wildlife, forests and temples. The state has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its rich history, architecture and culture. Andhra Pradesh is the top tourist destination in India. The weather is mostly tropical. Andhra Pradesh attracts the largest number of tourists in India. 3.2 million Visitors visit the state every year. With more than 600 tourist locations, the second largest coast line in the country, 1000 years of history and pilgrimage centres of every major religion of India, Andhra Pradesh is truly "The essence of India". Many sites still depict that Buddhism had its major significance and it was a prime Buddhist centre. Andhra Pradesh is popularly known as “Food bowl of South”. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh, which is a rich cultural city with many places of interests, palaces, museums, parks and religious sites. Andhra Pradesh is home to many wildlife and natural forest reserves with a large variety of flora and fauna. Diverse landscapes, deciduous forest, coastal belt, dense mangrove forest and many rivers of religious importance also originate in Andhra Pradesh. Largest Indian tiger reserve at Nallamala forest and pelican refuge at Kolleru Lake forms an important location for wildlife lovers.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Some of the salient features of the Tourism Policy are:

·         The policy proposes the inclusion of tourism in the concurrent list of the Constitution to enable both the central and state governments to participate in the development of the sector.

·         No approval required for foreign equity of up to 51 per cent in tourism projects. NRI investment up to 100% allowed.

·         Automatic approval for Technology agreements in the hotel industry, subject to the fulfilment of certain specified parameters.

·         Concession rates on customs duty of 25% for goods that are required for initial setting up, or for substantial expansion of hotels.

·         50% of profits derived by hotels, travel agents and tour operators in foreign exchange are exempt from income tax. The remaining profits are also exempt if reinvested in a tourism related project.

 

Automotive Industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.

 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh recognizes the enormous economic potential of automotive industry for the future development of the state. The economic benefits of the automobile industry to a host economy are legion. The immediate tangible benefits of the automotive industry are employment generation, fast development of key linkage industries liked steel, plastics, paints, etc., improvement in technological and related skill levels in various supporting industries, increased exports, increased revenues, etc. The automotive component manufacturing industry has a major share in the economic map of Andhra Pradesh. An abundance of skilled and non-skilled labourers helped the industry flourish in Andhra Pradesh and today there are more than 100 automotive component manufacturing companies in the state. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government policies on Indian automobile industry have been framed in order to aid in the expansion of the automobiles sector in India. The Auto Policy has spelt out the direction of growth for the auto sector in India and addresses most concerns of the automobile sector, including-

·         Promotion of R&D in the automotive sector to ensure continuous technology up gradation, building better designing capacities to remain competitive.

·         Impetus to Alternative Fuel Vehicles through appropriate long term fiscal structure to facilitate their acceptance.

·         Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies and availability of appropriate auto fuels and encouragement to construction of safer bus/truck bodies - subjecting unorganised sector also to 16% excise duty on body building activity as in case of OEMs.

The government has recently proposed for an infrastructure that will provide one stop clearance for any kind of proposal for foreign direct investment in the automotive sector. This will include the local clearance system also for the same purpose. There are also plans for imposing a 100 % tax deduction on export profits. The government has also proposed for a concession in import duty for the establishment of new manufacturing units and industrial holdings.

 

 

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Biotechnology is gaining increasing ground in India. It is said that the 21st century belongs to this technology. Biotechnology is a frontier technology which has the potential to provide very substantial benefits to society in a wide range of sectors such as agriculture, medical and health, forestry, animal husbandry, environment protection, and improving the quality of products and services. The frontier technology is finding application in the field of healthcare, food, agriculture, horticulture, biopharmaceuticals, environmental protection, etc. The commercialisation of this technique for the betterment of mankind is poised to grow rapidly. The State is leading centre for Biotechnology and several global and Indian Biotechnological companies, global renowned research institutions.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the leading centre for Biotechnology and is known as Vaccine Capital of India. The Biotech industry is Andhra Pradesh accounts for 43% of the total biotech revenue generated by companies in South India. Hyderabad has become the Centre for International Bio Events like Bio India and Bio Asia. Technology will play a critical role in accelerating the pace of development in the State. Andhra Pradesh is endowed with rich bio-resources. There are 7 agro-climatic zones across the State, with 19 major food and commercial crops grown in different parts of the State. There are more than 5000 species of trees and, out of these, 2000 species are flowering trees. About 40 percent of the land is utilised for agriculture and 23 percent of the land is covered by forests in the State. Andhra Pradesh has unique proven expertise, commercial success and thus a competitive edge in biotechnology. With the increasing convergence of these technologies, Andhra Pradesh is poised to forge further ahead. In Agri-biotech, tissue culture for food crops and ornamental plants has been taken up in several parts of the state with considerable success.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has identified the biotechnology sector as engine of economic growth and one of the thrust areas that has the potential to make a positive contribution to the life of the common man. The Government has consistently pursued proactive policies and undertaken several initiatives to support and promote the biotechnology sector in the State. Government of Andhra Pradesh has several firsts to its credits in the area of Bio sector. Key Highlights of the Policy:

·         Single Window Clearance System

·         Sales tax of 1%

·         Provision of rebate based on the employment opportunity created

·         To support the various initiatives being undertaken, the Government proposes to redraft the biotech policy and introduce positive changes that would enable an investor friendly environment.

 

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

In A.P., the collection and transportation constitutes 80 to 95% of total budget of solid waste management, hence it forms key component in determining the economics of whole waste management. Besides other factors like collection and transportation time, routing, the design and carrying capacity of vehicles, types of bins will have bearing effect on the efficient waste management system. It is preferable to use vehicles having mechanical loading system and with closed system of having no dust/smell nuisance during the transportation.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

 

Petroleum, petrochemicals, Chemicals: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical industry in India is well established and has recorded a steady growth over the years. The industry offers a wide scope for development that contributes positively to economic growth and regional development. The future outlook for the industry is bright with positive developments anticipated in various chemical and sub-sectors. The Indian chemical industry is an integral component of the Indian economy contributing around 67% id Indian GDP (Gross Domestic Product). In terms of consumption the chemical Industry is its own largest customer and accounts for approximately 33% of the consumption. Chemical Industries are very important for the economy of any country. This is because; these Chemical Industries supply the farmers Pesticides and Fertilizers which are essential for crop growing. In this way Chemical Industries contribute to agriculture and food self sufficiency of every country.

RESOURCES;

Andhra Pradesh is identified to locate PCPIR (Petroleum, Chemical, and Petro-Chemical Investment Regions) near Visakhapatnam in an area of 250 Sq. Kms (62,000 acres).

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilisers, Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, and Government of India had prepared the PCPIR policy duly addressing the following issues and policy would be announced very shortly:

·         Feedstock availability and its pricing,

·         Incentives and package of the Government of  India,

·         Identification of location of PCPIRs,

·         legal framework for the PCPIR policy,

·         State’s commitment and their incentive  packages

·         Mechanism for inter-action with identified / prospective investor’s / developers.

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Production of Industrial Gases and Speciality Gases Mixture

Production of Industrial Gases and Speciality Gases Mixture. Investment & Business Opportunities in Oxygen, Nitrogen and Argon Gas Manufacturing Plant Industrial gases are comprised of elements, molecular compounds, or mixtures. Industrial gases belong to a special class of chemicals that functions in a large number of applications in several end user industries. They are composed at ambient temperature and pressure. These are formed in both liquid and gaseous forms. Industrial gases are specific gaseous materials produced for industrial purposes, with the most prominent ones being oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, helium, and hydrogen, although various other mixtures are also manufactured and provided as gas cylinders. A number of industries require these customized gases, including steel, oil and gas, chemicals and petrochemicals, biotechnology, medicine, environmental protection, and nuclear power, and the market for the same is feeding off the prosperity of each of them. Industrial gases are used in a wide range of industries, which include oil and gas, petrochemicals, chemicals, power, mining, steelmaking, metals, environmental protection, medicine, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food, water, fertilizers, nuclear power, electronics and aerospace. Industrial gas is sold to other industrial enterprises; typically comprising large orders to corporate industrial clients, covering a size range from building a process facility or pipeline down to cylinder gas supply. Specialty Gases Specialty gases represent gases which are rare or ultra-high purity (99.995% and above). Many industries, including analytical, pharmaceutical, electronics and petrochemical benefit from the unique properties of specialty gases that help to improve yields, optimize performance and lower costs. Specialty gases are used in analytical methods such as gas and liquid chromatography as well as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and non-dispersive infrared (NDIR). Other analytical methods are described in the various subpages. Oxygen Oxygen is a gas. It is a colorless, tasteless, odourless gaseous element that constitutes 21% of the atmosphere and is found in water, in most rocks and minerals, and in numerous organic compounds, that is capable of combining with all elements except the inert gases, that is active in physiological processes, and that is involved especially in combustion processes. Oxygen is the third most abundant element in the universe after hydrogen and helium and the most abundant element. Oxygen dissolves more readily in water than nitrogen, and in freshwater more readily than seawater. Water in equilibrium with air contains approximately 1 molecule of dissolved O2 for every 2 molecules of N2 (1:2), compared with an atmospheric ratio of approximately 1:4. The solubility of oxygen in water is temperature-dependent, and about twice as much (14.6 mg•L?1) dissolves at 0°C than at 20°C (7.6 mg•L?1). Uses The largest user of oxygen is the steel industry. It is also used in the manufacture of other metals, notably copper and lead. It is more economical to use pure oxygen, or oxygen-enriched air, rather than air as this increases the reaction rates and means that smaller chemical plants can be used. Further it makes it easier to ensure that no gases such as sulfur dioxide are lost and pollute the atmosphere. The gas is also used in the manufacture of many chemicals including nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide, epoxyethane and chloroethene (vinyl chloride), the precursor to PVC. Among its other uses is the burning off of carbon deposited on the fluid catalyst used in the catalytic cracking of gas oil A growing use for oxygen is in treating sewage and effluent from industry. Polluted rivers and lakes can be cleaned by dissolving oxygen gas directly into the water to encourage a better ecological balance. It is used, for example, in fish farming to provide this balance. It is also used, with sodium hydroxide, to bleach paper pulp as an alternative to chlorine dioxide or sodium chlorate (I) (sodium hypochlorite). Nitrogen Nitrogen gas is one of the most abundant resources on the planet. It makes up around 70 percent of the air around us. What makes it so special is that it is a nearly inert gas that doesn’t react with other compounds in the air. Various industries take advantage of purified nitrogen’s inert characteristics and use the gas to their advantage. Uses: Nitrogen gas is used in many varying industries—a few of them are highlighted below: • Food Packaging – Nitrogen is used to displace oxygen in food packaging. By eliminating the oxygen, the food can last longer. It can also add a cushion around the food to keep it safe from breaking in transport. • Light Bulb Production – In incandescent light bulbs, nitrogen gas is often used as a cheaper alternative to argon. • Chemical Plants – Nitrogen is used to displace oxygen and prevent explosions in highly dangerous atmospheres, such as chemical plants and manufacturing facilities. • Tire Inflation – Nitrogen offers many benefits when used to fill tires, such as giving them a longer life by reducing oxidation. It also improves tire pressure retention to give drivers better gas mileage. • Electronics – When electronics are being assembled, nitrogen gas is used for soldering. Using nitrogen reduces the surface tension to provide a cleaner breakaway from the solder site. • Stainless Steel Manufacturing – By electroplating the stainless steel with nitrogen, the finished product is stronger and resistant to corrosion. • Pollution Control – Nitrogen gas can be used to remove the VOCs in liquids before they are discarded. • Pharmaceuticals – Almost every major drug class contains some nitrogen, even antibiotics. Nitrogen, in the form of nitrous oxide, is also used as an anesthetic. • Mining – In the mining industry, nitrogen gas is used to quickly extinguish fires by eliminating the oxygen from the air. And when an area is going to be abandoned, they use nitrogen to ensure the area will not explode. Nitrogen is used to make ammonia. It is also widely used to provide an inert atmosphere, a process known as 'blanketing', principally to exclude oxygen. For example, nitrogen is used in this way in food packaging, glass making, and semiconductor manufacture. It is also used to purge out pipes prior to welding (for example, oil pipes) to ensure that no flammable vapours are left behind. Liquid nitrogen is being increasingly used to refrigerate food during transportation. Medical samples containing, for example blood, viruses for vaccinations and semen, can be stored for long periods if kept cool in liquid nitrogen. Argon Argon is a colourless, odourless, inert gas sourced through the fractional distillation of liquid air. The omnipresent argon gas exists in its natural form in the form of multiple isotopes such as 40Ar, 36Ar, and 38Ar. Owing to its inert reactivity, argon is one of the most preferred gases for shielding metals from oxidation during welding. It is also used for joining several nonferrous and ferrous alloys. Owing to these reasons, the argon gas also finds great usage in aerospace, aircraft and automotive industry where it is used to weld parts and frames. The argon gas has better thermal insulation properties than air and hence, it is one of the most widely used gases for filling the dry suits used for scuba diving. Excimer lasers, which are used for the production of microelectronic devices, use a mixture of argon, fluorine and helium. Argon is also used for a variety of other purposes. For instance, it is used in incandescent lamps and phosphorescent tubes, fire extinguishers and airbag inflation. It is also used during cryosurgery spectroscopy and decarburizing of stainless steel. Although argon is nontoxic in nature, excessive contact can lead to asphyxiation. Market Outlook India industrial gases market was valued at $ 2.1 billion in 2017 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of over 11% to surpass $ 3.9 billion in 2023 on account of growing demand from metal industry, particularly steel. Moreover, regular capacity expansions by automobile, refinery and chemical companies coupled with increasing number of new applications of industrial gases is further augmenting demand for industrial gases in the country. Additionally, continuing growth in the country’s healthcare sector and booming food & beverages sector is anticipated to augur well for the industrial gases market in India through 2023. Growth in the market is anticipated on account of growing demand from various end user industries such as metallurgy and petrochemicals, coupled with implementation of various favorable government policies to support manufacturing sector. Various upcoming steel projects are integrating industrial gas production units to address the bulk requirements for industrial gases, thereby aiding the industrial gases market in the country. On the basis of type, the industrial gases market in India has been segmented into three categories, namely, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Argon. Region-wise, east region is forecast to dominate the industrial gases market in India over the next five years on account of various upcoming metallurgical projects coupled with presence of major steel production units in this region. Moreover, regular capacity expansions by automobile, refinery and chemical companies coupled with increasing number of new applications of industrial gases is further augmenting demand for industrial gases in the country. The Indian market for specialty gases will grow at a CAGR of more than 12% by value during 2017-2026. Specialty gases are ultra-pure gases or minor gases used in specific quantities and proportions for specialized operations in various end user applications. Owing to their unique properties and nature, specialty gases find use in many industries, improving the production process, optimizing operations, improving efficiency and reducing labor time, thus bringing down the overall cost. The two key segments set to drive the specialty gases market in the country are metal & mining and healthcare. The global industrial gases market size is projected to reach $71.0 billion by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 6.2% during the forecast period. The factors driving the growth of the market include large base of end-use industries, increasing government initiatives toward alternate sources of energy, and increasing healthcare expenditure. Rising demand from the major end-use industries such as chemicals, petrochemicals, oil and gas, and energy has resulted in the development of the global industrial gases market. With rising environmental concerns, renewable resources are witnessing a growth worldwide, thereby facilitating the market. Apart from this, increasing urbanization and industrialization in the countries of Asia-Pacific and Middle East are expected to provide a thrust to industries such as food and beverages, transportation, chemical and metal fabrication, which in turn will amplify the demand for industrial gases. Additionally, improving economic scenario, climate control initiatives, increased energy demand and healthcare needs in both the developing and developed regions are projected to contribute in the expansion of the market. Asia Pacific is the largest regional market for industrial gases owing to the growth of several associated end-user industries in this region. Asia Pacific, apart from being the largest market, is expected to be the fastest growing regional market for industrial gases. In terms of demand, Asia Pacific was followed by North America and Europe. However, these regional markets are anticipated to lose out some of their market share to the other emerging markets such as Asia Pacific and Latin America. Oxygen Gas The growth of industries such as agriculture, automobiles, beverages, chemicals, construction equipment, food, glass, medicine, ship building, space explorations, steel manufacture etc. require stable oxygen for processes; which is increasing the demand for oxygen production throughout the world. The versatile uses of oxygen in chemical industry as an oxidizing agent and catalyst are contributing to the growth of oxygen market. Oxygen consumption as breathing aids and apparatus is increasing around the globe because of the increasing pollution, which contaminates air and reduces quantity of natural oxygen in the breathing air. Liquid oxygen is extremely cold apart from its vast applications. Oxygen is being used instead of air to improve performance and capital efficiency in various industries. Oxygen can also enable and activate carbon capture processes. Oxygen is used in gasification processes, process heaters, industrial fermentation and boilers to enhance productivity. In water treatment plants, oxygen is being added directly to the waste water in order to improve the effectiveness of removing pollutants from the water. Most of the celebrities undergo oxygen facials at spas, these facials provide instant nutrition and radiance to the skin. A pressurized steam of oxygen under hyperbaric therapies fortifies the skin with vital nutrients. Nitrogen Gas The industrial nitrogen market was valued at USD 15.03 Billion in 2017 and is expected to reach USD 19.96 Billion by 2022. The market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.83% during the forecast period. The base year considered for the study is 2016, and the market size is projected from 2017 to 2022. Increasing wide range of applications of nitrogen gas springs across various industries such as automotive, manufacturing, and healthcare sectors is a key factor expected to drive growth of the global nitrogen gas springs market. Nitrogen gas springs are used in vehicles, furniture such as in office chairs, beds, cabinets, kitchen shelves, etc. in order to provide ease of handling and are efficient for lifting, supporting, and motion control of bonnets, hatches, doors, lids etc. However, prime application areas include automotive and industrial sectors. In addition, abundance availability of nitrogen gas, low cost, and various usable properties of the product are other major factors expected to fuel market growth in the coming years. Moreover, major advantages of nitrogen gas springs over conventional springs is expected to further drive growth of the market. Other advantages are that these are corrosion-free, heavy-duty, and have an average lifespan of around 10 years which is expected to drive market growth. Argon Gas The increase in the sale of argon is pivotally being driven by the consumption and demand from the thriving metal fabrication industry. Escalating application of argon as a cryogenic inert gas is aiding in the development of the argon gas market. Argon is used during manufacturing and storage in food and beverage and pharmaceutical packaging industry. The thriving electronics industry is also one of the pivotal industry boosting the demand for argon gas. Since argon gas provides the inert atmosphere needed for rapid cooling and heating of materials, it is used for manufacturing semiconductors, flat panels, solar pv cells and microelectronic devices in the electronics industry. The growing popularity of 3-D printed parts, components and even complete systems, is driving growth for the argon gas market. Global argon market is expected to grow over the forecast period, owing to risings demand in numerous application segments such as electronics, stainless steel and fabricated metal working markets. Argon is often substituted by helium in various sectors; however, rising helium prices are projected to boost argon demand in several applications. Growing infrastructural activities is expected to foster demand of steel which in turn is expected to drive argon market over the forecast period. Expanding automobile sector is also anticipated to increase product demand as steel is one of the main components of this sector. Increasing urbanization in emerging economies of Asia Pacific, South America and Africa are expected to drive the demand for argon for lighting purposes. In addition, rapid industrialization in these regions is expected to augment the demand for argon over the next few years. Furthermore, argon is being increasingly used for lightning purposes as it does not cause any harm to the environment. However, inhalation of argon gas is harmful to human life as excessive inhalation causes asphyxiant, which in turn can lead to death. The automobile industry is anticipated to increase demand of steel, eventually supporting the growth of the global argon market. The growing energy market is likely to increase demand of argon due to its application in insulated window and solar energy. The solar energy market demands massive volumes of argon for manufacturing process. Argon gas is used for insulation of windows to prevent the cold air from glass panes to enter inside. Growing number of malls and shopping complexes using lighting is expected to boost the market during the forecast period. Tags Industrial Gas, Industrial Gas Manufacturing, Industrial Gases Industry, Industrial Gas Manufacture, Industrial Gases Pdf, Industrial Gas Manufacturing Industry, Industrial Gas Business, Industrial Gases Production, Manufacturing of Industrial Gases, Projects on Industrial Gases, Opportunities in Industrial Gases Industry, Industrial Gases and Gas Mixtures, Oxygen & Nitrogen Gas Manufacturing, Speciality Gases, Manufacturing Process for Specialty Gases, Production of Specialty Gases, Specialty Gases Manufacturing Project Ideas, Specialty Gas Production, Specialty Gases Plant, How Oxygen is Made, Production of Oxygen Gas, Industrial Production of Oxygen, Oxygen Gas Production Plant, Oxygen Plant, Oxygen Gas Manufacturing Process, Uses And Applications of Oxygen Gas, Oxygen Manufacturing Plant Cost, Liquid Oxygen Plant in India, Manufacturing Process of Oxygen, Nitrogen Gas, Industrial Gas Manufacturing Plant, Industrial Nitrogen Gas, How is Nitrogen Produced for Industrial Applications? Nitrogen Gas Uses, Nitrogen Production Process, Industrial Preparation of Nitrogen, Nitrogen Plant Flow Diagram, Liquid Nitrogen Plant, Industrial Production of Nitrogen Gas, Process for Making Liquid Nitrogen Gas, Nitrogen Production, Manufacturing Process of Nitrogen Gas, Nitrogen Gas Plant, Producing Oxygen and Nitrogen Gases, Argon Production, Production of Argon, Argon (Ar) Gas Manufacture, Argon Gas Manufacture, Project Report on Oxygen Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Industrial Gases Production, Project Report on Specialty Gases Plant, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Oxygen Manufacturing, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Nitrogen Production, Feasibility report on Nitrogen Production, Free Project Profile on Nitrogen Production, Project profile on Specialty Gases Plant, Download free project profile on Industrial Gases Production
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Ferro Vanadium Production Business

Ferro Vanadium Production Business. Ferrovanadium Market is expected to Expand at a CAGR of 5.0% between 2018 and 2028. Ferro Alloys Industry Ferro Vanadium is an alloy which is formed by combining iron and vanadium with a vanadium content range of 35%-85%. Ferrovanadium is a universal hardener, strengthener and anti-corrosive additive for steels like high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel, tool steels, as well as other ferrous-based products. Ferro vanadium belongs to the category of ferroalloy. Ferro vanadium is an alloy which is formed by combining iron and vanadium. Ferrovanadium contains 35% to 85% of vanadium depending on applications of the product in end-use industry. Ferrovanadium is an alloy material that is used in manufacturing of steel. It imparts desirable properties such as abrasion resistance, high temperature and hardenability. Ferrovanadium used for manufacturing of steel offers the end product with high stability against alkalis as well as acids such as sulphuric and hydrochloric acids. In addition, products containing ferro vanadium are at reduced risk to be susceptible to corrosion. Ferro vanadium also helps in reducing the overall weight of the material as well as increasing the overall tensile strength of the end product. In addition, it helps in promoting fine grain size and increasing hardenability through precipitation of nitrides and carbides. Ferro vanadium is manufactured using an electric arc furnace in which scrap iron is melted initially and then it is combined with the mixture of aluminum as well as flux such as calcium fluoride and calcium oxide. It is usually supplied in pallet boxes or in shrink wrapped in super bags. Ferro Vanadium is produced from Vanadium Sludge & usually available in the range with V: 50-85%. Ferro Vanadium acts as universal hardener, strengthener and anti-corrosive additive for steels like high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel, tool steels, as well as other ferrous-based products. Origin of Ferro Vanadium is mainly India and China. Vanadium is applied for alloying titanium, niobium, and chromium-based alloys widely used in aviation, rocket and space engineering. Pure metallic vanadium is used in the nuclear industry and in the manufacture of electronic devices. Ferrovanadium increases hardenability and resistance to tempering. It is used to enhance toughness, resistance of steel to alternating loads. Ferrovanadium is also used to obtain fine-grained structure of steel. Ferro Vanadium was primarily recovered from titanium-bearing magnetite ore processed to produce pig iron. The process produces a slag containing 20% to 24% vanadium pentoxide, which can be further processed to ferrovanadium containing 40% to 50% vanadium. 84% came from ferrovanadium and nearly all of it (99%) went into steel manufacturing. The Ferro Vanadium is used as an alloying agent for the metals iron and steel and also aerospace. Application The most important use of vanadium is as an additive for steel. It is used for the production of rust resistant, spring and high speed tool steels. It is also added to steels to stabilize carbides. Vanadium foil is also used to bond titanium to steel. Due to its low fission neutron cross section vanadium is also used in nuclear applications. The Ferro Vanadium is used as an alloying agent for the metals iron & steel and also aero. Ferro Vanadium is used primarily as an alloying agent for iron and steel and, with the exception of the steel industry, the aerospace market is the primary user of the metal. It is found in deposits of titaniferous magnetite, phosphate rock and uraniferous sandstone and siltstone. Significant amounts are also present in bauxite and carboniferous materials such as crude oil, coal, oil shale and tar sands. Vanadium is usually recovered as a by-product or co-product, and thus world resources of the element are not fully indicative of available supplies. Vanadium is also useful in the production of aerospace titanium alloys and as a catalyst in producing maleic anhydride and sulfuric acid. Most of the ferro vanadium manufactured is utilized in the alloying process used to manufacture hardened steel. Hardened steel further finds application in the manufacturing of axles, bicycles frames, crankshafts and other highly critical steel components. Thus, the growing steel industry is expected to boost the overall growth in the demand for the ferro vanadium market. Market Outlook The steel industry accounts for around 92% of vanadium consumption. Tool, high speed and high alloy steels contain around 20% vanadium, and high strength low alloy (HSLA) steel contains less than 0.5% vanadium. Around 4% of annual vanadium production is as a titanium alloy for aerospace and industrial purposes. This alloy Ti6-4 (4% vanadium) is the workhorse titanium alloy used in aerospace applications. The main demand drivers for ferro-vanadium are global steel production rates and the vanadium consumption rate used within the steel industry. The main vanadium raw material is referred to as vanadium pentoxide. Vanadium can either be derived from mined ore, from steelmaking slags, or from petroleum residues. The leading vanadium-producing nations remained China, Russia, and South Africa. Japan and the United States were thought to be the only countries to recover significant quantities of vanadium from petroleum residues. The major consumption of the ferro vanadium that is being manufactured is used in the process of alloying that is used in the manufacturing of the hardened steel. Hardened steel is used in the applications such as in the manufacturing of bicycles frames, axles, crankshafts, and other very critical components of steel. Thus, the industrial progress of the steel industry will trigger the growth of the ferro vanadium market. In the manufacturing of the high carbon steel alloy, ferro vanadium is used widely. This high carbon steel is used in the production of the medical tools. When vanadium is used in the alloys of titanium they can be used for manufacturing of the high-speed airframes and in jet engines. The overall weight of the steel is reduced by using ferro vanadium; hence, it is used in the manufacturing of the automobiles that are light in weight. Ferrovanadium is an alloy used to strengthen steel. It is a combination of iron and vanadium in which vanadium content varies from 35%-80%. It is used as an additive to enhance the quality of ferroalloys. When added to steel, the products are light in weight with extremely high tensile strength. The market for ferrovanadium is primarily driven by increasing demand for high strength steel and high strength low alloy steel from the construction and automotive and transportation industries. The growth of these industries will be the key contributor responsible for the growth of the market of ferrovanadium during the forecast period. As these industries are most prominent industries consuming majority of the steel consumption across the globe. The global ferrovanadium market has been segmented as FeV40, FeV50, FeV60, FeV80 and nitride ferrovanadium. On the basis of production method, the ferrovanadium market is segmented into aluminothermy reduction and silicon reduction. On the basis of end use, the global ferrovanadium market is segmented into aerospace, automotive & transportation, construction, oil & gas industrial equipment and others. In the others segment of end use industries. The growth of the region will be supplemented by the growing construction and automotive sector. In addition, the Chinese ferrovanadium market is anticipated to witness additional demand for ferrovanadium in the coming years, mainly due to revised standards by the Chinese government for increasing the tensile strength of rebar products. Ferrovanadium is the most commonly and widely used alloy for enhancing the strength of reinforcing bars used in buildings, bridges and tunnels. The global ferrovanadium market is expected to register a CAGR of 5.0% over the forecast period (2018-2028) in value terms. The estimated volume of ferrovanadium market in 2018 is 90,033 MT, and it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.4% to reach 125,698 MT by the end of 2028. The Indian alumina plants, which are mostly based on East Coast bauxite and that which have to meet the internal demand. On the other hand, with growth of Automobile and Casting Sectors, demand for ferrovanadium is expected to increase and this will have to be met by imports. The accelerated growth in the Forging Industry and increased demand for die steels and tool steel too, have paved way for increased vanadium consumption. Tags Ferrovanadium, Process for Production of Ferro-Vanadium, Ferrovanadium Production, Process for Producing Ferrovanadium Alloys, Ferro Vanadium, Vanadium, Production of Ferrovanadium, Ferrovanadium Production Process, Ferrovanadium Formula, Ferro Vanadium Uses, Vanadium and Ferrovanadium, Production of Vanadium Alloys, Ferro Alloys, Manufacture of Ferro Alloys, How to Start Production of Ferroalloys, Ferro Vanadium Industry, Project Report on Ferro Vanadium, Vanadium Industry, Vanadium Processing, Ferro Vanadium Manufacture, Ferro Vanadium Manufacturing, Project Report on Ferrovanadium Production Industry, Detailed Project Report on Ferrovanadium Production, Project Report on Ferrovanadium Production, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Ferrovanadium Production, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Ferrovanadium Production, Feasibility report on Ferrovanadium Production, Free Project Profile on Ferrovanadium Production, Ferro Alloys Production Process Pdf, Project profile on Ferrovanadium Production, Download free project profile on Ferrovanadium Production, Opportunities in the Ferroalloy Sector
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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E-Rickshaw Assembling

Electric Rickshaw, in short, also called as E-Rickshaw. This kind of transport vehicle are famous in many countries, this is eco-friendly vehicles for carrying passengers across the city without fuel. This is the reason these vehicles have become so popular. This e-rickshaw are popular in many countries and has been in use by many. Hundreds of thousands of electric three-wheelers - popularly called e-rickshaws - have been operating in India for over three years now. Big cities in India are currently struggling with pollution and the government is taking strong measure to overcome this by introducing new rules and regulation for diesel vehicle. Near future e-rickshaws are going to be preferable mode of public transportation and it is going to replace fuel operated rickshaws. As we all know that the demand of e-rickshaw is growing rapidly in India and other cities. Even, people in small cities in India are preferring e-rickshaws for travelling. With growing demand, manufacturing companies are planning to meet demand at any cost. E-rickshaw manufacturing companies are contributing for better weather conditions across the country. Passenger carriers held a larger share in the Indian electric rickshaw market in 2017, accounting for more than 95% revenue. They are expected to continue holding a larger market share in the coming years as well, on account of the large passenger base in the country, coupled with the growing demand for low-cost shared mobility. Indian electric rickshaw market is projected to reach 935.5 thousand units by 2023, the market growth is majorly driven by government incentives and environmental policies, and declining battery prices.
Plant capacity: 1,200 Nos per AnnumPlant & machinery: 29 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 324 Lakhs
Return: 24.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Hosiery Products (Vest, Briefs, T-Shirts & Socks)

Hosiery also referred to as legwear, describes the garments, worn directly on the feet and legs. The term hosiery is also being used for the type of knitted fabric, its weight and thickness. It is manufactured in a wide range of fabric weights, knits and colors. In general, heavier weight fabrics are stronger and more durable, but are thicker and show less of the natural skin tone. On the other hand, lighter garments look and feel more luxurious but are not strong as compared to the heavier ones. The hosiery includes categories such as sheers, support hosiery, control tops, opaques, tights, stay-ups, stockings, maternity pantyhose and run-resistant garments. The growth of the global hosiery market is driven by the robust demand for comfortable and stylish hosiery among the consumers. Changing lifestyles and demographic factors are bringing changes in demand patterns for hosiery. Further, the global demand for hosiery is increasing due to the increasing employment rate across various countries in the world. Further, rising disposable income is expected to intensify the growth of the global hosiery market. Moreover, rapid urbanization is anticipated to positively impact the growth of the hosiery market. Rising personal disposable income along with changing lifestyle is anticipated to expand the growth of global hosiery market during the forecast period. Apart from this, propagation of modern retail formats such as supermarkets, discount stores, and pharmacy stores is resulting in increasing product visibility. This enables easier accessibility to clothing products such as hosiery to consumers. The increasing sales from online commerce sector is fuelling the growth of global hosiery market as it saves the time of buyers and offer various discounts on the products. Thus, the online store is expected to be the fastest growing segment which is anticipated to expand the growth of global hosiery market over the forecast period. The global hosiery market is expected to witness a steady growth attributed to considerable demand in the healthcare and fitness industry. Consumption of hosiery products is expected to remain high among women in terms of demography. Socks is predicted to witness significant demand in the global market as compared to other products. Increasing spending on fashion products coupled with growth in disposable income of consumer is anticipated to drive the demand for the hosiery market during the forecast period. Furthermore, in developing economies, rising preference towards western outfits resulting in higher spending on fashion clothing is in turn projected to drive the demand for hosiery products over the forecast period. Beside this, increasing population across the globe is also projected to drive the demand for hosiery products.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Glass Blocks

Glass blocks or bricks are architectural products that allow light to pass through, while also providing a level of privacy or obscuration. Glass blocks are typically square in shape and can have a variety of surface treatments that affect their transparency. Glass blocks are often assembled like bricks with a grout or sealant. Some blocks come with assembly systems that provide wall anchors and vertical and horizontal spacers to precisely align the blocks. The blocks are spaced accurately and consistently using the spacers and then bonded together with silicone. The joints are finished with tile grout or mortar. Glass blocks used in prisons and detention centers, police departments, and other high-risk locations are often set in steel frames for added strength and security. Glass blocks market forecast predicts that this market will grow at a CAGR of more than 7% by 2022. Factors such as easy installation due to the availability of pre-fabricated kits and increasing use of glass block windows in houses, commercial buildings, and industrial buildings will drive the glass blocks market growth. Also, the advantages such as light-weight and privacy makes the glass blocks useful in residential, commercial, and industrial end-user segments. Global Glass Block Market is expected to grow at a positive CAGR in the predicted period. The architectural element which is made from the glass is known as the Glass block. It provides a visual obstruction while they are transfer light. The glass block is meant for the floor as well as wall in terms of applications. They are manufactured from a single solid piece, or they have a thicker side wall than the standard wall blocks which can be used for the floors normally. Glass Block Market is segmented, By Applications Bullet and Vandal Resistance, Gas insulated, Colored, Fire Resistance, etc. There are some colored variants available in the glass wall blocks. Some hollow glass wall blocks are available in colored variants. UV stable can in the same locations as the standard clear glass blocks. Other methods which are colored glass blocks are obtained and is needed to inject colored material, dye or the transparent paints which are present in the hollow center of the blocks to form the coating permanent.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA)

Extra Neutral Alcohol is a food grade alcohol. The product is used as a basic alcohol in distilled spirits like Vodka, Malawi Gin etc. In the pharmaceutical industry, Extra Neutral Alcohol is a prime carrier for a whole spectrum of medicines and is therefore used for processing a wide range of drugs. It is also a good disinfectant as methylated spirit. This colorless alcohol has a neutral smell and taste. It is used in the production of potable alcohol and also as a solvent and reactant in the pharmaceutical industry and as a carrier of flavor and fragrances. ENA is a high distilled alcohol that contains no impurities and is used for the production of alcoholic beverages, alcoholic fruit beverages and aperitifs. Owing to its properties, it serves as an essential ingredient in the manufacturing of numerous cosmetics and skin care products, as a processing aid in food industry, and as a solvent for colourants and flavours. The extra neutral alcohol (ENA) market in India has been witnessing a steady growth rate over the past few years. The market is expected to grow due to a huge shift towards the consumption of alcohol and expanding applications of ENA. Almost 90% of the ENA produced in India is used in the manufacturing of potable alcohol, production and consumption of which is continuously rising. Further, a gradual shift towards Indian Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL) from country liquor over the past years has also led to an increase in demand for potable alcohol. Other factors facilitating the demand for potable alcohol are increasing disposable incomes, changing attitude towards drinking and western influence. Additionally, expanding cosmetics and personal health care, printing and pharmaceutical industries are expected to be highly lucrative for the market since ENA finds numerous applications in these industries. In the cosmetics industry, ENA is used in products such as perfume, toiletries, cologne, hair spray, air freshener, detergent, etc. It is also used in the production of antiseptics, drug, syrups, medicated sprays, etc. Owing to the aforementioned factors, the market is further projected to reach a volume of 3.8 Billion Litre by 2023.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Hotel with Discotheque

The Indian hotel industry has emerged as one of the key industries driving the growth of the services sector and, thereby, the Indian economy. The hotel industry in India is going through an interesting phase. One of the major reasons for the increase in demand for hotel rooms in the country is the boom in the overall economy and high growth in sectors like information technology, telecom, retail and real estate. Rising stock market and new business opportunities are also attracting hordes of foreign investors and international corporate travelers to look for business opportunities in the country. The hotel industry in India is going through an interesting phase. The industry has a capacity of 110,000 rooms. 4.4 million Tourists visited India last year and at the current rate, the demand will soar to 10 million to accommodate 350 million domestic travelers. The hotels of India have a shortage of 150,000 rooms fuelling hotel room rates across India. With tremendous pull of opportunity, India has become a destination for hotel chains looking for growth. Discotheque is a nightclub for dancing to live or recorded music and often featuring sophisticated sound systems, elaborate lighting, and other effects. Nightlife is a very fast paced industry. Being one of the largest revenue and employment generators in the service sector. The Bars and Nightclubs industry in the United States has experienced steady growth over the five years to 2018, despite experiencing slight revenue volatility during the early half of the five-year period. This was a result of shaky consumer confidence causing more people to drink at home rather than at bars or nightclubs. However, the industry is still expected to grow during the period as industry revenue growth picked up in the latter half of the period.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Bare Polyester Film with Metallizing & Coating Process

Polyester film is obtained by the extrusion of polyethylene terephthalate. These films when stretched in a single direction along with appropriate processing, forms optical polyester film. Optical polyester film has applications in the optical and optoelectronic field. They are used in display bases, LCD panels, and plasma display panels (PDP). Optical polyester film imparts excellent light transmission due to its mechanical properties and thermal stability. High demand for LCD televisions in Asia Pacific is a key driver for the optical polyester film market. Rapid growth in sale of smartphones in developing economies and the emergence of new technologies such as wearable electronics are anticipated to offer growth opportunities for the optical polyester film market in the near future. Polyester film is a high-performance film made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resin. The Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) resin is made from Ethylene Glycol and dimethyl terephthalate (DMT). Global Polyester Film (PET film) Market is expected to experience significant growth over the forecast period owing to shift in focus toward unconventional gases. Polyester Film (PET film) Market is an unconventional gas explored through hydraulic fracturing with low permeability. Global Polyester Film (PET film) Market is expected to experience momentous growth over the next six years owing to increasing usage in residential, commercial, power generation, transportation, and industrial. Growing energy demand on account of increasing population is expected to be the major factor driving the market over the foreseeable period. Increasing Polyester Film (PET film) Market demand in industrial market is projected to have positive impact on global market in near future.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Liquid Sodium Silicate from Caustic Soda & Sand

Liquid Sodium Silicate is a major compound used for formulating chemicals like silicate gel and precipitated silica. Apart from this, Sodium Silicate Liquid has an extensive usage in ceramic industry, paper industry, detergent industry as well as electrodes manufacturing companies. Liquid sodium silicates are manufactured in various molar ratios. Molar ratios (MR) define the ratio of SiO2 versus Na2O in the substance. The higher the molor ratio, the less sodium ions are present in the silica network and consequently the less alkaline the silicates are. Therefore, classification and labeling depends on the molor ratio (cfr. MSDS). Varying the ratio of SiO2 to Na2O and the solids content results in solutions with differing properties. The Liquid Sodium Silicate is a non-hazardous chemical which is used in many applications worldwide. The essential and diversified applications are churning out increasing demand for liquid sodium silicate. The liquid sodium silicate has several important unique properties which are not shared by other alkaline salts. Such valuable properties along with their low-cost results in their usage in several applications in diverse industries. The liquid sodium silicate is used in various industries as detergents, adhesives, binders, cement, ingredients in cleaning compounds, different coatings, anticorrosives, deflocculants, catalyst bases, chemicals, etc. The unique properties and functional characteristics of liquid sodium silicate can be used to resolve many problems arising in chemical and industrial processes efficiently and economically. Increasing concern towards environment in the country are likely to compel manufacturers to use bio-based products such as rice husk. Abundant availability of the rice husk in the region, especially in the rice producing states including Texas, California, Arkansas and Mississippi is expected to open new avenues for the industry growth over the next eight years. The growth in the demand for adhesives in paper and pulp and cement industry is projected to drive the growth of liquid sodium silicate market over the forecast period. The liquid sodium silicate market is highly competitive due to the presence of many manufacturers with large capacities globally. The increasing use of liquid sodium silicate as an adhesive in numerous manufacturing applications is driving the liquid sodium silicate market. The liquid sodium silicate is used to bind fiber drums, cores of paper towel and toilet tissues, paperboard laminates, etc. Most of the manufacturers prefer to use liquid sodium silicate because of it is low-cost, environment-friendly and non-toxic. The availability of raw material such as silica sand, soda ash, and rice husk is expected to fuel the growth of liquid sodium silicate market over the forecast period. The final cost of the liquid sodium silicate depends upon the factors such as raw material cost, operational cost, and transportation cost. The liquid sodium silicate finds a side application if rubber and tire manufacturing industry as a filler. The development in the automotive sector and rapid growth in APEJ region is expected to drive the elastomers segment over the forecast period.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Low Cost Airlines

An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight. Airlines utilize aircraft to supply these services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for codeshare agreements. Generally, airline companies are recognized with an air operating certificate or license issued by a governmental aviation body. A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as no-frills, discount or budget carrier or airline, or LCC) is an airline without most of the traditional services provided in the fare, resulting in lower fares and fewer comforts. To make up for revenue lost in decreased ticket prices, the airline may charge for extras such as food, priority boarding, seat allocating, and baggage. The low-cost model focuses on business and operational practices that reduce airline costs. That means using secondary airports (with lower taxes), offering no frills on the flight and charging for services like seat reservation and checked-in baggage. Low-cost carriers (LCCs) have gradually evolved to become a popular alternative to full-service airlines over the last 10-15 years, where price has become a critical factor in determining the carriers. Low-cost carriers (LCC) have become a popular alternative to traditional scheduled airlines over the last two decades. The growth of the market is attributed to the rise in economic activity, ease of travel, travel & tourism industry, urbanization, changes in lifestyle, consumers’ preference for low cost service along with non-stops, and frequent service, increase in purchasing power of middle class households especially in the developing regions, and high internet penetration coupled with e-literacy. Low cost airlines have grown exponentially worldwide over the past few years, owing to rise in economic activity, ease of travel, travel & tourism industry, urbanization, changes in lifestyle, consumer’s preference for low cost service along with non-stops, and frequent service, increase in purchasing power of middle class households especially in the developing regions, and high internet penetration coupled with e-literacy. However, factors such as volatile crude oil price and increase in terrorism & crime rate, political uncertainty, & natural calamities hinder the market growth. Conversely, sustainable airport governance, operational & financial improvement is anticipated to leverage the growth of the low cost airlines market. Nevertheless, factors such as high investment & operational cost but low profitability is anticipated to be a major challenge of the low cost airlines industry. The global low cost airlines market is segmented based on purpose, destination, and distribution channel. By purpose, the market is divided into leisure travel, VFR, business travel, and others. By destination, it is bifurcated into domestic and international. Based on distribution channel, the market is classified into online, travel agency, and others.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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