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Best Business Opportunities in Uttar Pradesh- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agro Based Industry: Project Opportunities in Uttar Pradesh

PROFILE:

Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. The agro industry is regarded as an extended arm of agriculture. The development of the agro industry can help stabilise and make agriculture more lucrative and create employment opportunities both at the production and marketing stages. The broad-based development of the agro-products industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of India.

RESOURCES:

Uttar Pradesh is a very fertile region and a major contributor to the national food grain stock. Partly this is due to the fertile regions of the Indo-Gangetic plain, and partly owing to irrigation measures such as the Ganga Canal. Lakhimpur Kheri is the largest sugar producing district in the country. It is also home to 78% of national livestock population. Uttar Pradesh is among the largest producers of agricultural commodities in the country. It produces 34 per cent of the total groundnut, 17.5 per cent of rapeseed, 8 per cent of fruits and 14 per cent of vegetables. It has the largest livestock in the country and its milk production is the highest in the country. It is the largest producer of sugarcane and ranks second in the manufacture of sugar. Uttar Pradesh, with its prosperity in the agricultural sector enabled the growth of allied industry like warehousing, cold storages and flourmills. At 2,659, food product manufacturing sector has the highest number of factories (19.5 per cent of the total) in the state.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In India, agricultural trade policy is a part of a larger food and agriculture policy regime that seeks to maintain food self-sufficiency while providing income support to the agricultural sector and poor consumers. The Government of India (GOI) uses a variety of policy instruments in attempting to achieve these goals, including:

·         Domestic subsidies to inputs, outputs, transportation, storage, and consumption to reduce producer costs and consumer prices.

·         Border measures such as subsidies, tariffs, quotas, and non-tariff measures to protect domestic producers from import competition, manage domestic price levels, and guarantee domestic supply.

The National Policy on Agriculture seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation. Over the next two decades, it aims to attain:

·         A growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector;

·         Growth that is based on efficient use of resources and conserves our soil, water and bio-diversity;

·         Growth with equity, i.e., growth which is widespread across regions and farmers;

·         Growth that is demand driven and caters to domestic markets and maximises benefits from exports of agricultural products in the face of the challenges arising from economic liberalization and globalisation;

·         Growth that is sustainable technologically, environmentally and economically.

The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally non-degrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources - land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture.

 

Live Stock: Project Opportunities in Uttar Pradesh

PROFILE:

Livestock sector plays a critical role in the welfare of India's rural population. Indian livestock industry represents major foods of animal origin: milk, eggs, chicken, goat meat and fish.  Beef and pork industries have a limited share in the market, as most Indians do not eat beef and pork. As far as feed is concerned poultry, cattle and aqua feeds have been developed in an organised way. The production regions of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and coastal areas are rich in the production of animal feed due to high crop cultivation and industrial setups that give animal feed as the by product. Enormous growth opportunities and scope exist in the Indian livestock industry; all that is required is a right approach in an appropriate direction. No doubt, if the industry is tapped appropriately it can help India become a leader in milk and meat production in the years to come.

RESOURCES:

Uttar Pradesh supports about 15% of the country's total livestock population. Of its livestock in 1961, 15% were cattle, 21% buffaloes, 13% goats and 8% other livestock. Between 1951 and 1956 there was an overall increase of 14% in the livestock population. There are nearly eight lakh hectares of water area, including lakes, tanks, rivers, canals and streams. The fishing area is over two lakh hectares and more than 175 varieties of fish. Among them are rohu, hilsa, mahseer, mangar, snow trout and mirror carp. Uttar Pradesh milk co-operatives are contributing immensely to the Indian dairy industry, the highest milk producer in the world. The impact of Uttar Pradesh milk co-operatives can be ascertained from their role in the private and co-operative systems. With the launch of innovative technologies Uttar Pradesh is now being able to enhance their milk production acutely. The merging of the rural and the urban contribution to the dairy production in Uttar Pradesh forms the Uttar Pradesh milk co-operative union.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The livestock sector has great but untapped potential to contribute to poverty alleviation and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.

·         Agricultural growth can be highly effective in reducing poverty as the largest share of the world’s poor live in rural areas.

·         Livestock provide food and income to the majority of the 1.2 billion people living on less than $1 per day.

·         Demand for livestock products is growing fast in developing countries, faster than demand for staple crops, and will continue to do so in the foreseeable future.

·          This demand growth can provide significant opportunities for many rural and peri-urban poor to increase returns from their livestock resources.

 

Textile Industry: Project Opportunities in Uttar Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fiber and yarn production. The handlooms sector is the second largest employer in India providing employment to about 65 lakh persons. The sector represents the continuity of the age- old Indian heritage of hand weaving and reflects the socio cultural tradition of the weaving communities.

RESOURCES:

Total sales in textiles sector accounted for 12.3 per cent of the sales by industries in the state in 2003.Textile sector is one of the important traditional industries in the state. Uttar Pradesh has 58 spinning mills and a total of 74 textile mills in the non-SSI 12 sector. The state is known for its carpets & brassware products. Carpet weaving is one of the important crafts in Uttar Pradesh. UP produces about 90 per cent of the country’s carpets in and around Mirzapur, Bhadohi and Khamaria. These carpets are popular export items today. Hand woven carpets, brassware and leather products from the traditional export items from the state. Uttar Pradesh produces about 15 % of the total fabric of this country. handloom sector in Uttar Pradesh has near about 5.6 %  share of total weaving units in India, it employees 6.4 %  of the total number  Of workers and 6.6 % of the total numbers of weavers in this country. whereas each state in India is popular for one or two products, Uttar Pradesh is the only state which has a distinction of being able to offer the complete range of handloom products, viz– home furnishing, floor coverings, bed covers, bed sheets, dress material, towels, table linen and a vast range of woven and printed sarees made of cotton and silk and many more items. The element of art and craft present in Uttar Pradesh makes it a potential sector for upper segments of the market both in India as well as globally.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Uttar Pradesh

PROFILE:

India’s tourism industry is experiencing a strong period of growth, driven by the burgeoning Indian middle class, growth in high spending foreign tourists, and coordinated government campaigns to promote ‘Incredible India’. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. In 2010, 25.8 million foreign tourists visited India. India is expected to increase to 9.4% annual growth rate till 2018. Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra received the big share of these visitors. Ministry of Tourism is the nodal agency to formulate national policies and programmes for the development and promotion of tourism. Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state with a population of over 190 million people. It is divided into 70 districts with Lucknow as its capital. Uttar Pradesh is bounded by Nepal on the North, Himachal Pradesh on the northwest, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Haryana on the west, Rajasthan on the southwest, and Bihar on the east.

RESOURCES:

Uttar Pradesh is the historical heart land of India, where each part of the state is attached with ancient history, civilization, religions and culture. Uttar Pradesh is situated in the northern part of India, border with the capital of India New Delhi. Uttar Pradesh is the most popular tourist destination in India. Uttar Pradesh is important with its wealth of historical monuments and religious fervour. Geographically, Uttar Pradesh is very diverse, with Himalayan foothills in the extreme north and the Gangetic Plain in the centre. It is also home of India's most visited site, the Taj Mahal, and Hinduism's holiest city, Varanasi. The most populous state of the Indian Union also has a rich cultural heritage. Kathak one of the eight forms of Indian classical dances, originated from Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is at the heart of India, so popular with another name The Heartland of India. Cuisines of Uttar Pradesh like Awadhi cuisine, Mughlai cuisine, Kumauni cuisine are very famous in entire India and abroad. Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state with a population of over 190 million people. It is divided into 70 districts with Lucknow as its capital. Uttar Pradesh is bounded by Nepal on the North, Himachal Pradesh on the northwest, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Haryana on the west, Rajasthan on the southwest, and Bihar on the east.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Government of India and a number of other states have declared tourism as an industry. Gujarat State which is at the forefront of the industrial development will also declare tourism as an industry. the Government of India announced a New Tourism Policy to give boost to the tourism sector. The policy is built around the 7-S Mantra of Swaagat (welcome), Soochanaa (information), Suvidhaa (facilitation), Surakshaa (security), Sahyog (cooperation), Sanrachnaa (infrastructure) and Safaai (cleanliness). Some of the salient features of the Tourism Policy are:

·         The policy proposes the inclusion of tourism in the concurrent list of the Constitution to enable both the central and state governments to participate in the development of the sector.

·         No approval required for foreign equity of up to 51 per cent in tourism projects. NRI investment up to 100% allowed.

·         Automatic approval for Technology agreements in the hotel industry, subject to the fulfilment of certain specified parameters.

·         Concession rates on customs duty of 25% for goods that are required for initial setting up, or for substantial expansion of hotels.

·         50% of profits derived by hotels, travel agents and tour operators in foreign exchange are exempt from income tax. The remaining profits are also exempt if reinvested in a tourism related project.

 

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Uttar Pradesh

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

RESOURCES:

The city of Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh produces around 1500 tons of solid waste every day. The municipal workers collect around 1100 tons every day. The municipal solid waste (MSW) is disposed of haphazardly in open dumps. With growing pressure on land due to increasing population it is increasingly difficult for Lucknow Nagar Nigam (LNN) to locate new disposal sites. In order to overcome this difficulty the LNN has entered into a contract with a company to process MSW generated in the city and to generate power and organic manure from it.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government of Uttar Pradesh proposes development of Integrated Municipal Solid Waste Management Project (IMSWMP) For Agra, Uttar Pradesh. UP Awas Bandhu is the nodal agency for the project. The Project has been conceptualized as an Integrated Municipal Solid Waste Management Project comprising of the following facilities:

·         Collection of waste from individual households and its segregation into Bio-degradable and Non-biodegradable wastes.

·         Construction, Operation & Maintenance of MSW Transfer stations including Secondary transportation of waste from the transfer stations to the Treatment and Disposal facilities.

·         Development, Operation & Maintenance of Processing Facility with compost plant and any other suitable plant such as RDF, etc.

·         Development, Operation & Maintenance of Sanitary Landfill Facility including Closure of the Existing Dumpsite.

·         Setting up STPs as required beyond those proposed in JNNURM

·         O&M of all existing STPs and those to be setup by PPP development and also under JNNURM as required.

·         Any other activity needed as part of Integrated Solid Waste Management Project.

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Spice Powder (Turmeric, Chilli, Pepper, Coriander and Cumin Powder)

Spices are woven into the history of nations. The desire to possess and monopolize the spice trade has, in the past, compelled manynavigators to find new routes to spice-producing nations. In the late 13thcentury, Marco Polo’s exploration of Asia established Venice as the most important trade port. Venice remained prosperous until about 1498. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama sailed around Africa’s Cape of Good Hope to reach Calicut, India. He returned with pepper, cinnamon, ginger and jewels, and also deals for the Portuguese to continue trade with India. India, known as the home of spices, boasts a long history of trading with the ancient civilisations of Rome and China. Today, Indian spices are the most sought-after globally, given their exquisite aroma, texture, taste and medicinal value. India has the largest domestic market for spices in the world. Traditionally, spices in India have been grown in small land holdings, with organic farming gaining prominence in recent times. India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices; the country produces about 75 of the 109 varieties listed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and accounts for half of the global trading in spices. Chilly is the largest produced spice in India. It contributed to the tune of ~% of the world production. This spice is used majorly in curried cuisines. It is also used in curry power, seasoning and other such spice mixes. MDH was the dominating player in FY’2015, with a market share of ~% in the total revenues generated from the sales of spices in the organized segment. The major factor for the dominance of MDH is the gigantic distribution network comprising of 1,000 wholesalers and more than 400,000 retailers in India. The Indian spices market is pegged at Rs. 40,000 crore annually, of which the branded segment makes up 15 per cent. According to Technopak, the branded space is dominated by national brands such as Catch, Everest, Ramdev, among others. The population in India is surging and the increasing consumer expenditure on food explains the swelling demand for food in India. Accordingly, the demand for spices is expected to grow in the future which will lead to a prominent growth in the revenues from the sales of spices in India. The revenues from India market are expected to expand to around USD 18 billion in FY’2020, growing with a CAGR of ~% from FY’2016 to FY’2020. The highest contribution to this growth is expected to come from the spice mixes and blended spices. The Indian spices market is worth INR 40,000 crore annually. Key spices produced in the country include pepper, cardamom, chilli, ginger, turmeric, coriander, cumin, celery, fennel, fenugreek, ajwain, dill seed, garlic, tamarind, clove, and nutmeg among others. The market is largely unorganized and the branded segment makes up about 15%. The branded market is dominated by players such as MTR, Badshaah, Catch, Everest, Ramdev etc. Recently, Tata Chemicals has launched its spices brand Tata Sampann Spices. Few Indian major players are as under A V T Mccormick Ingredients Pvt. Ltd. Akay Spices Pvt. Ltd. Bhavani Tea & Produce Co. Ltd. Cookme B B D Pvt. Ltd. D T A Amalgamated Foods Pvt. Ltd. Devon Foods Ltd. MDH Spices Oregon Spice Company
Plant capacity: Turmeric Powder :100.0 Kgs / day Red Chilli Powder:100.0 Kgs /day Pepper Powder: 100.0 Kgs / day Coriander Powder: 100.0 Kgs / day Cumin Powder:100.0 Kgs / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 12 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 38 lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 75.00%
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Skill Development Centre

The role of education in facilitating social and economic progress has long been recognized. Education improves functional and analytical ability and there by opens up opportunities for individuals and also groups to achieve greater access to labour markets and livelihoods. A better educated labour force is essential if we are to meet the labour supply requirements of faster growth. Education is not only an instrument of enhancing efficiency but is also an effective tool of widening and augmenting democratic participation and upgrading the overall quality of individual and societal life. India’s population is huge at 1.21 billion. It is fast expanding at a rate of 17% and integrating rapidly into the global economy. India is among the ‘young’ countries in the world, with the proportion of the work force in the age group of 15-59 years, increasing steadily. However, presently only 2% of the total workforce in India have undergone skills training. India has a great opportunity to meet the future demands of the world, India can become the worldwide sourcing hub for skilled workforce. The challenges for India get magnified, as it needs to reach out to the million plus workforce ready population, while facing an ever increasing migration of labour from agriculture to manufacturing and services. With the government launching a number of schemes to empower the young workforce, the challenges magnify as there is a need for effective implementation of the schemes at the grass root level with equal participation from all the stakeholders concerned. India is one of the youngest nations in the world with more than 54% of the total population below 25 years of age. India is one of the youngest nations in the world with more than 54% of the total population below 25 years of age. India’s workforce is the second largest in the world after China’s. While China’s demographic dividend is expected to start tapering off by 2015, India will continue to enjoy it till 2040. However, India’s formally skilled workforce is approximately 2% - which is dismally low compared to China (47%), Japan (80%) or South Korea (96%).To leverage our demographic dividend more substantially and meaningfully, the Government launched the “Skill India” campaign along with “Make in India”. In this brief, we look at the Skill Development ecosystem in India - the need for Skill Development, initiatives taken by the Government and schemes introduced for skill government by the present government. India’s workforce is the second largest in the world after China’s. While China’s demographic dividend is expected to start tapering off by 2015, India will continue to enjoy it till 2040. However, India’s formally skilled workforce is approximately 2%- which is dismally low compared to China (47%), Japan (80%) or South Korea (96%).To leverage our demographic dividend more substantially and meaningfully, the Government launched the “Skill India” campaign along with “Make in India”. In this brief, we look at the Skill Development ecosystem in India - the need for Skill Development, initiatives taken by the Government and schemes introduced for skill government by the present government.
Plant capacity: Engineering Graduates: 250 Students / Batch Supervisory & Workmen Cadre:250 Students / Batch Each Batch 3 MonthPlant & machinery: Rs 291 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 1228 lakhs
Return: 15.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Ladies Undergarment

Lingerie has been an intimate part of a woman’s life since long. Until the pre-1970 era, innerwear was viewed as an essential ‘commodity’ with no focus from any retailer. The market was highly fragmented and was dominated by local and unorganized brands. Unorganised MBOs dominated the innerwear market until the 1990s, after which there was an influx of Indian and foreign brands. Organised brands came up and there was a gradual increase in the demand for them. Between 2000 and 2008, premium international brands started foraying into the Indian market. Indian brands showcased new designs and styles to woo the new age Indian women. The focus was mainly on the width of the product range. Men’s and women’s innerwear began to be sold through a variety of retail formats such as EBOs, LFS and departmental stores. They are considered as an important garment among females for properly supporting and covering their sensitive body parts, it keeps them fit for daily general works. It also aids to improve the figure of ladies and hence it is used throughout the world. India lingerie market stood at around $ 3 billion in 2017 and is projected to grow at a robust CAGR of around 14% to reach $ 6.5 billion by 2023, on the back of growing demand for lingerie sets, rising middle class population and increasing number of financially independent women. Technical advancements in lingerie manufacturing, with a rising number of manufacturers using luxurious, delicate fabrics and designs such as mesh and lace, is also augment demand for lingerie products in the country. Growing e-commerce industry coupled with rising demand for premium brands are some of the other factors that are boosting lingerie sales in India during the forecast period. Few Indian major players are as under Bodycare International Ltd. Creative Casuals (India) Pvt. Ltd. Gokaldas Exports Ltd. H-Lon Hosiery Ltd. Juliet Apparels Pvt. Ltd. Lovable Lingerie Ltd. Otto Clothing Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Bra:800 Pcs. / day Panties:800 Pcs./dayPlant & machinery: Rs 67 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 124 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 66.00%
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Cold Storage (Shrimp & Agricultural Products)

India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices and spice products in the world and produces more than 50 spices. India is also a big exporter of Chilli, turmeric, cumin, pepper and many other spices. The country also imports various spices to meet its local requirement of taste as Indian dishes are incomplete without adding varieties of spices to them. Besides, quality of a sizable quantity of produce also deteriorates by the time it reaches the consumer. This is mainly because of perishable nature of the produce which requires a cold chain arrangement to maintain the quality and extend the shelf-life if consumption is not meant immediately after harvest. Ministry of Agriculture launched a “Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture” in 2014, under which cold-chain development is the thrust area, so that all other inputs in way of enhancing horticultural yields can have suitable recourse toreach gainful end-use. This Mission subsumes all previous major programmes for horticulture (namely NHM, HMNEH, NHB, CDB, NBM, CIH) of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation. India’s cold chain industry is still evolving, not well organized and operating below capacity. Most equipment in use is outdated and single commodity based. According to government estimates, India has 5,400 cold storage facilities, with a combined capacity of 23.66 million metric tons that can store less than 11% of what is produced. The majority of cold storage facilities are utilized for a single commodity, such as potatoes. Most of these facilities are located in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Punjab, Maharashtra, and West Bengal. The following table shows distribution of facilities by commodity. Indian cold storage market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 16.09% by 2020 driven by the growth in the organized retail, Indian fast food market, and food processing industry and e-commerce sectors. Cold storage market in India is expected to be worth US$ 8.57 billion by 2020. The estimated annual production of fruits and vegetables in the country is about 130 million tonnes. This accounts for 18% of our agricultural output. Due to diverse agro climatic conditions and better availability of package of practices, the production is gradually rising. Although, there is a vast scope for increasing the production, the lack of cold storage and cold chain facilities are becoming major bottle necks in tapping the potential. The cold storage facilities now available are mostly for a single commodity like potato, orange, apple, grapes, pomegranates, flowers, etc. which results in poor capacity utilization.
Plant capacity: Fruits, Vegetables and Shrimp Storage : 1000 MT Plant & machinery: Rs 286 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 553 lakhs
Return: 13.00%Break even: 59.00%
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Gold and Diamond Jewellery

Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials. Gemstones and similar materials such as amber and coral, precious metals, beads, and shells have been widely used, and enamel has often been important. In most cultures jewellery can be understood as a status symbol, for its material properties, its patterns, or for meaningful symbols. Jewellery has been made to adorn nearly every body part, from hairpins to toe rings, and even genital jewellery. Jewellery helps in enhancing one’s beauty. It also symbolizes wealth, power, and status. For some, jewellery is a form of art for self and creative expression. Then, there are some people who use jewellery as part of their tradition and culture. Though they may differ in terms of importance and relevance, they all play significant roles. India is deemed to be the hub of the global jewellery market because of its low costs and availability of high-skilled labour. India is the world’s largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing industry being well supported by government policies. Moreover, India exports 75 per cent of the world’s polished diamonds, as per statistics from the Gems and Jewellery Export promotion Council (GJEPC). India's Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing in a big way to the country's foreign exchange earnings (FEEs). The Government of India has viewed the sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian government presently allows 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the sector through the automatic route. The sector employs over 4.64 million employees and is expected to employ 8.23 million by 2022. Few Indian major players are as under A B Jewels Pvt. Ltd. A V R Swarnamahal Jewelry Pvt. Ltd. Akshaya Jewellers Pvt. Ltd. Atlas Jewellery India Ltd. Bhagyam Gem & Jewellery Pvt. Ltd. Chintamani'S Jewellery Arcade Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Gold Jewellery :9.50 Kgs /day Gold Plus Diamond Jewellery:2.38 Kgs / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 270 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 2504 lakhs
Return: 34.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Methanol from Coal

Methanol is a liquid chemical with the formula CH3OH (often abbreviated MeOH). It is colorless, volatile, flammable, and poisonous. Methanol is made from the destructive distillation of wood and is chiefly synthesized from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Its principal uses are in organic synthesis, as a fuel, solvent, and antifreeze. Methanol is a polar liquid at room temperature. It is used as antifreeze, solvent, fuel, and as a denaturant for ethanol. The chemical is also used to produce biodiesel via transesterification reaction. Because methanol has toxic properties, it is frequently used as a denaturant additive for ethanol manufactured for industrial purposes. Methanol is frequently called wood alcohol because it was once produced primarily as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood. Methanol can be produced from Natural Gas, Indian High Ash Coal, Bio-mass, MSW, stranded and flared gases and India can achieve (through right technology adaptation} to produce Methanol from Indian coal and all other feedstock. The best part world is already moving towards renewable methanol from C02 and the perpetual recycling of C02 into Methanol, say C02 emitted from Steel plants, Geothermal energy or any other source of C02, effectively "Air to Methanol". During the last few years, the use of methanol and DME as fuel has increased significantly. Methanol demand is growing at a robust 6 to 8 % annually. World has installed capacity of 120 MT of Methanol and will be about 200 MT by 2025. Currently Methanol accounts for almost 9% of transport fuel in China. They have converted millions of vehicles running on Methanol. China alone produces 65% of world Methanol and it uses its coal to produce Methanol. Israel, Italy have adopted the Methanol 15% blending program with Petrol and fast moving towards M85 & M100. Japan, Korea have extensive Methanol & DME usage and Australia has adopted GEM fuels (Gasoline, Ethanol & Methanol) and blends almost 56% Methanol. Methanol has become the choice of fuel in Marine Sector worldwide and countries like Sweden are at the forefront of usage. Large passenger ships carrying more than 1500 people are already running on 100% Methanol. African and many Caribbean countries have adopted Methanol cooking fuel and across the world Gensets and industrial boilers are running on Methanol, instead of diesel. Methanol consumption in India has skyrocketed in comparison to production and is dominated by imports. Given the global dynamics of this market, price volatility is a regular feature. Investment opportunity exists for a capacity of over a million tons in India. Methanol is one of the major chemicals traded in the Indian market. The demand for methanol has considerably grown at a decent growth rate of 6.4% from the fiscal year 2011-12 to 2016-17. Demand is expected to grow at about 6.9% per annum over the period of 2016-17 to 2021-22. As demand growth out-paces production, imports will increase substantially during this period. Few Indian major players are as under Ahmedabad Manufacturing & Calico Prtg. Co. Ltd. Assam Petrochemicals Ltd. Assurgen Pharma Pvt. Ltd. Deepak Fertilisers & Petrochemicals Corpn. Ltd. I N A India Ltd.
Plant capacity: Methanol from Coal : 100.0MT / dayPlant & machinery: 285 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 325 Cr
Return: 9.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Methanol from Bio-Waste

Methanol is a clean burning drop in fuel which can replace both petrol & diesel in transportation & LPG, Wood, Kerosene in cooking fuel. It can also replace diesel in Railways, Marine Sector, Gensets, Power Generation and Methanol based reformers could be the ideal compliment to Hybrid and Electric Mobility. Methanol Economy is the 'Bridge' to the dream of a complete "Hydrogen based fuel systems". Methanol is a liquid chemical with the formula CH3OH (often abbreviated MeOH). It is colorless, volatile, flammable, and poisonous. Methanol is made from the destructive distillation of wood and is chiefly synthesized from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Its principal uses are in organic synthesis, as a fuel, solvent, and antifreeze. Methanol is a polar liquid at room temperature. It is used as antifreeze, solvent, fuel, and as a denaturant for ethanol. The chemical is also used to produce biodiesel via transesterification reaction. As demand growth out-paces production, imports will increase substantially during this period. GNFC, Deepak Fertilizers and Petrochemical Corporation, Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers and Assam Petrochemicals Limited are the key producers of Methanol; Iran Saudi Arabia and Brunei are the major importing sources of Methanol. This growth is fueled by the use of methanol as fuel in the automotive industry, increasing olefins production from methanol-to-olefin (MTO)/ methanol-to-propylene (MTP) plants in China, and increasing petrochemicals demand, globally. The methanol economy is a lucrative future economy in which methanol and dimethyl ether replace fossil fuel as a means of energy storage, ground transportation fuel, and raw material for synthetic hydrocarbons. During the last few years, the use of methanol and DME as fuel has increased significantly. Methanol demand is growing at a robust 6 to 8% annually. World has installed capacity of 120 MT of Methanol and will be about 200 MT by 2025. Currently Methanol accounts for almost 9% of transport fuel in China. They have converted millions of vehicles running on Methanol. China alone produces 65% of world Methanol and it uses its bio waste to produce Methanol. Israel, Italy have adopted the Methanol 15% blending program with Petrol and fast moving towards M85 & M100. Japan, Korea have extensive Methanol & DME usage and Australia has adopted GEM fuels (Gasoline, Ethanol & Methanol) and blends almost 56% Methanol. Few Indian major players are as under Ahmedabad Manufacturing & Calico Prtg. Co. Ltd. Assam Petrochemicals Ltd. Assurgen Pharma Pvt. Ltd. Deepak Fertilisers & Petrochemicals Corpn. Ltd. I N A India Ltd.
Plant capacity: Methanol from Biowaste: 100.0 MT / dayPlant & machinery: 287 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 327 Cr
Return: 9.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (Self-Reliant India Mission)

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (Self-Reliant India Mission)—A Post-Pandemic Financial Package to Help Restore Economic Growth and Make India Self-Reliant. The vision of the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi of making India a self-reliant nation. The first mention of this came in the form of the 'Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan ' or 'Self-Reliant India Mission' during the announcement of the coronavirus pandemic related economic package on 12 May 2020. As part of the Atma Nirbhar Bharat package, numerous government decisions have taken place such as changing the definition of MSMEs. Boosting scope for private participation in numerous sectors, increasing FDI in the Defence sector, and the vision has found support in many sectors such as the solar manufacturers sector. The special economic package would be the main component of 'Atma-Nirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India)' Modi said in his fifth address to the nation. “Corona will be with us for a long time but our lives cannot revolve around corona. The Prime Minister said emphasizing on migrant workers, several of whom lost their lives while trying to reach their native places during the lockdown. Some even staged protests demanding transport facility to their homes. RBI announced an Rs 3.4 lakh crore monetary stimulus. Modi’s Rs 20 lakh crore package will include all of that. The Prime Minister’s address came a day after he held a marathon six-hour meeting with chief ministers, with almost all of them asking for a large financial package. He said self-reliant India will stand on five pillars – Economy, infrastructure, tech-driven system, vibrant demography and demand. Prime Minister Modi, in his fifth address to the nation since the great lockdown announced 'Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan' package of Rs. 20 lakh crore to revive the Indian economy, to help farmers, migrant workers, etc. and to revive the industrial sector. This package is 10% of India's total GDP. The details about the package were announced by the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in 5 tranches. These tranches were announced by the Finance Minister via press conferences from May 13, 2020, to May 17, 2020. The package included Rs 8 lakh crore in liquidity measures announced by the RBI. The government will also provide a 100% guarantee to Rs 3 lakh crore in small business loans. MSMEs are provided with 6 relief measures under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan Package-- Rs. 3 lakh crore Collateral-free loan to be provided (45 MSMEs will be benefitted), Government will infuse Rs. 20,000 Crores in the stressed MSMEs (2 lakh MSMEs will be benefitted), Government will provide a fund of Rs. 50,000 Crores to the MSMEs having potential growth, the new definition of MSMEs is given, Global tender is not allowed for government procurement up to Rs. 200 crore and local trade fairs are not possible. Atma Nirbhar Bharat has been called by some as a re-packaged version of the Make in India movement using new taglines such as 'Vocal for Local’. Other opposition members spoke about how India had enacted policies and built companies since its creation to make India self-reliant - SAIL for steel production, IITs for domestic engineers, AIIMS for medical science, DRDO for Defence research, HAL for aviation, ISRO for space, CCL NTPC and GAIL in the area of energy; criticizing the advertising tactics. Some have re-phrased it to "Fend for Yourself" Campaign. Also, the calls for India to boycott Chinese products (and promote an Atma Nirbhar Bharat instead), are practically difficult in the short term for India as India imports $75 billion worth of goods every year from China, to the extent that parts of Indian industry are dependent on China. Following the Galwan Valley skirmish on 15 June 2020 in which 20 Indian soldiers died, Swedish Jagran Manch said that if the government was serious about making India self-reliant, Chinese companies should not be given projects such as the Delhi-Meerut RRTS. Government Reforms Policy Highlights Increase in borrowing limits: The borrowing limits of state governments will be increased from 3% to 5% of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) for the year 2020-21. This is estimated to give states extra resources of Rs 4.28 lakh crore. There will be unconditional increase of up to 3.5% of GSDP followed by 0.25% increase linked to reforms on - universalization of ‘One Nation One Ration card’, Ease of Doing Business, power distribution and Urban Local Body revenues. Further, there will be an increase of 0.5% if three out of four reforms are achieved. Privatization of Public Sector Enterprise (PSEs): A new PSE policy has been announced with plans to privatize PSEs, except the ones functioning in certain strategic sectors which will be notified by the government. In strategic sectors, at least one PSE will remain, but private sector will also be allowed. To minimize wasteful administrative costs, number of enterprises in strategic sectors will ordinarily be only one to four; others will be privatized/ merged/ brought under holding companies. Measures for Businesses (Including MSMEs) Financial Highlights Collateral free loans for businesses: All businesses (including MSMEs) will be provided with collateral free automatic loans of up to three lakh crore rupees. MSMEs can borrow up to 20% of their entire outstanding credit as on February 29, 2020 from banks and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs). Borrowers with up to Rs 25 crore outstanding and Rs 100 crore turnover will be eligible for such loans and can avail the scheme till October 31, 2020. Interest on the loan will be capped and 100% credit guarantee on principal and interest will be given to banks and NBFCs. Corpus for MSMEs: A fund of funds with a corpus of Rs 10,000 crore will be set up for MSMEs. This will provide equity funding for MSMEs with growth potential and viability. Rs 50,000 crore is expected to be leveraged through this fund structure. Subordinate debt for MSMEs: This scheme aims to support to stress MSMEs which have Non-Performing Assets (NPAs). Under the scheme, promoters of MSMEs will be given debt from banks, which will be infused into the MSMEs as equity. The government will facilitate Rs 20,000 crore of subordinate debt to MSMEs. For this purpose, it will provide Rs 4,000 crore to the Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises, which will provide partial credit guarantee support to banks providing credit under the scheme. Schemes for NBFCs: A Special Liquidity Scheme was announced under which Rs 30,000 crore of investment will be made by the government in both primary and secondary market transactions in investment grade debt paper of Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs)/Housing Finance Companies (HFCs)/Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs). The central government will provide 100% guarantee for these securities. The existing Partial Credit Guarantee Scheme (PCGS) will be extended to partially safeguard NBFCs against borrowings of such entities (such as primary issuance of bonds or commercial papers (liability side of balance sheets)). The first 20% of loss will be borne by the central government. The PCGS scheme will facilitate liquidity worth Rs 45,000 Crores for NBFCs. Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Under the PM Garib Kalyan Yojana, the government paid 12% of employer and 12% of employee contribution into the EPF accounts of eligible establishments for the months of March, April and May. This will be continued for three more months (June, July and August). This is estimated to provide liquidity relief of Rs 2,500 crore to businesses and workers. Statutory PF contribution: Statutory PF contribution of both the employer and employee will be reduced from 12% to 10% each for all establishments covered by EPFO for next three months. This scheme will apply to workers who are not eligible for the 24% EPF support under PM Garib Kalyan Package and its extension. However, Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) and State Public Sector Units (PSUs) will continue to contribute 12% as employer contribution. Street vendors: A special scheme will be launched within a month to facilitate easy access to credit for street vendors. Under this scheme, bank credit will be provided to each vendor for an initial working capital of up to Rs 10,000. This is estimated to generate liquidity of Rs 5,000 crore. Key Measures Taken by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) The overall financial package that has been announced also includes the liquidity generated by measures announced by RBI. Some of these measures include: Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) was reduced which resulted in liquidity support of Rs 1, 37, 000 crore. Banks’ limits for borrowing under the marginal standing facility (MSF) were increased. This allowed banks to avail additional Rs 1, 37,000 crore of liquidity at reduced MSF rate. Total Rs 1,50,050 crore of Targeted Long Term Repo Operations (TLTRO) has been planned for investment in investment grade bonds, commercial paper, non-convertible debentures including those of NBFCs and MFIs. Special Liquidity Facility (SLF) of Rs 50,000 crore was announced for mutual funds to provide liquidity support. Special refinance facilities worth Rs 50,000 crore were announced for NABARD, SIDBI and NHB at policy repo rate. A moratorium of three months has been provided on payment of installments and interest on working capital facilities for all types of loans. Social Sector Policy Highlights Public health: The investment in public health will be increased along with investment in grass root health institutions of urban and rural areas. The lab networks are being strengthened in districts and block levels for efficient management of the pandemic. The National Digital Health Blueprint will be implemented, which aims at creating an ecosystem to support universal health coverage in an efficient, inclusive, safe and timely manner using digital technology. Allocation for MGNREGS: To help boost rural economy, an additional Rs 40,000 crore will be allocated under MGNREGS. This increases the Union Budget allocation for MGNREGS from Rs 61,500 crore to Rs 1, 01, 500 crore (65% increase) for 2020-21. Viability Gap Funding: Viability Gap Funding (VGF) for social infrastructure projects will be increased by up to 30% of the total project cost. The total expense for developing the social infrastructure is estimated be Rs 8,100 crore. Technology driven education: PM e Vidya will be launched for multi-mode access to digital/online education. This program will include facilities to support school education in states/UTs under the DIKSHA scheme (one nation, one digital platform). National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission will be launched by December 2020 to ensure that every child attains learning level and outcomes in grade 5 by 2025. Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan: Challenges Impact of this Stimulus Package Primary Sector: The measures (reforms to amend ECA, APMC, Contract framing, etc.) announced for the agricultural and allied sectors are particularly transformative. These reforms are steps towards the One Nation One Market objective and help India become the food factory of the world. These would finally help in achieving the goal of a self-sustainable rural economy. Also, the MGNREGA infusion of Rs 40,000 crore may help in alleviating the distress of migrants when they return to their villages. Secondary Sector: Given the importance of MSMEs for Indian economy, the Rs 3 lakh crore collateral-free loan facility for MSMEs under the package will help this finance-starved sector and thereby provide a kick start to the dismal state of the economy. Also, as the MSME sector is the second largest employment generating sector in India, this step will help to sustain the labour intensive industries and thereby help in leveraging India’s comparative advantage. Additionally, limiting imports of weapons and increasing the limit of foreign direct investment in Defence from 49% to 74% will give a much-needed boost to the production in the Ordnance Factory Board, while reducing India’s huge Defence import bill. Tertiary Sector: The government has adopted a balanced approach in addressing concerns across sectors. For example: The newly launched PM e-Vidya programme for multi-mode access to digital online education provides a uniform learning platform for the whole nation, which shall enable schools and universities to stream courses online without further loss of teaching hours. Public expenditure on health will be increased by investing in grass root health institutions and ramping up health and wellness centers in rural and urban areas. Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan Support Indian Economy in Fight against COVID-19 India has faced the COVID-19 situation with fortitude and a spirit of self-reliance that is evident in the fact that from zero production of Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) before March 2020, India today has created a capacity of producing 2 lakh PPE kits daily, which is also growing steadily. Additionally, India has demonstrated how it rises up to challenges and uncovers opportunities therein, as manifested in the re-purposing of various automobile sector industries to collaborate in the making of life-saving ventilators. The clarion call given by the Humble PM to use these trying times to become Atma Nirbhar (self-reliant) has been very well received to enable the resurgence of the Indian economy. The Five pillars of Atma Nirbhar Bharat focus on: Economy Infrastructure System Vibrant Demography and Demand The Five phases of Atma Nirbhar Bharat are: Phase-I: Businesses including MSMEs Phase-II: Poor, including migrants and farmers Phase-III: Agriculture Phase-IV: New Horizons of Growth Phase-V: Government Reforms and Enablers Finance Minister’s Top Announcements Regarding Economic Package for Aatmanirbhar Bharat Prime Minister Narendra Modi's strategy for the Aatmanirbhar Bharat was presented by the Finance Minister on Tuesday. Finance Minister made major announcements regarding, MSME, NBFC, TDS, TCS, and much more. ETBFSI has crafted Finance Minister's top 15 announcements. Collateral free automatic loans will now be available for MSMEs. This facility is of a total amount of Rs 3 lakh Crores. Those MSMEs whose turnover is 100 crore and have 25 crore outstanding loan exposure, are eligible for this facility. The tenor of this loan will be 4 years and a moratorium of 12 months will be provided to the MSMEs availing the offer. 100% credit guarantee on principal and interest will be provided by the government. Available till 31st October and will benefit 45 lakh units. No extra cost or fresh collateral will be required. Subordinate debt worth Rs 20,000 crore introduced for stressed MSMEs. Those companies which are stressed or even an NPA are eligible for this facility. 2 lakh MSMEs are likely to benefit from this. A Fund of funds is being created which will lead to an infusion of 50,000 crore as equity into MSMEs. Those who have potential and are viable companies will benefit from this. This will help them expand their capacities and get listed in the markets which they can choose. Definition of MSMEs being changed in flavour of their interest. Many of these firms fear that if they outgrow the designated size, they will lose their flavours. Now they do not need to worry about growing in size. Investment limit which defined an MSME is being revised upwards. An additional criteria is also being brought in based on turnover. Differentiation between manufacturing and service MSMEs is being removed and the necessary law amendments will be brought about soon. This is the new definition: Micro: Investment < 1 crore, Turnover < 5 crore Small: Investment < 10 crore, Turnover < 50 crore Medium: Investment < 20 crore, Turnover < 100 crore Global tenders will be disallowed in Govt procurement for tenders under Rs 200 crore. This will make MSMEs run their business with much more confidence. Self-reliant India will work hand in hand with Make in India as they will be allowed to participate in government purchases. No competition from foreign companies for tenders under Rs 200 crore. Ensuring that e-market linkage is provided to all MSMEs so that they can find their market in the absence of trade fairs. Within the next 45 days all their receivables will be cleared by the Govt of India and CPSEs. Liquidity relief is being given for EPF establishments. In the 12% of the employer-employee contribution that was being financed by the government under PMGKY, the centre will now extend the support which it gave earlier (from March-May) by another 3 months. 3.6 lakh establishments had benefited from this move. This amounts to an Rs 2,500 crore liquidity support from which 72 lakh employees are to benefit. Statutory PF contribution for those not covered in this earlier point will be reduced from 12 to 10% for the next 3 months. However, for centre and state enterprises, employers will continue to pay 12% but the employee will be given the benefit of paying only 10%. This equates to Rs 6,750 crore liquidity relief for next 3 months. It was duly noted that NBFCs weren't getting enough resources, especially the ones not that highly rated. For this reason, a 30,000 crore special liquidity scheme has now been introduced. The investment will be made in both primary and secondary market transactions in buying investment grade debt papers of NBFCs, MFIs and HFCs. These NBFCs are also funding MSMEs. Hence, this infusion of liquidity is absolutely necessary. This will also be fully guaranteed by the government of India. Aim is to ease the flow of credit for NBFCs who have a "not so good quality" of debt paper in their hands. A 45,000 crore liquidity infusion through Partial Credit Guarantee Scheme is also being done. This is an existing scheme but it is being expanded. First 20% loss will be borne by the government. Even unrated papers will be eligible for investment. This will specifically benefit many MFIs. DISCOMs are facing unprecedented cash flow problems. Hence, an emergency liquidity extension to the extent of 90,000 crore against all the receivables that they have is being introduced. PFCs and RECs will infuse this money. This will be done with guarantees being given by state governments. All GOI central agencies (Railways, Ministry of Road and Transport, Central Public Works Department, etc.) will now be providing a 6 months extension to contractors without any costs which will be covering construction work as well as goods and services contracts. They will partially release bank guarantees to the extent of partially completed contracts. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs will be advising all states and UTs to treat COVID-19 as an event of 'Force Majeure' or in other words, an Act of God, under RERA. The registration and completion dates of all contracts expiring on or after March 25, 2020, will be extended suo-moto by 6 months. Fresh 'Project Registration Certificates' will be issued automatically with revised timelines. In an attempt to provide more funds to taxpayers, the rates of Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) for non-salaried specified payments made to residents and Tax Collection at Source (TCS) for the specified receipts will be reduced by 25%. This will come into effect from tomorrow till March 31, 2021, and will infuse liquidity worth Rs 50,000 crore into the system. All pending refunds to charitable trusts and non-corporate business & professions will be issued immediately. Due date of all income-tax returns will be extended from July 31, 2020 and October 31, 2020 to November 30, 2020. Tax audit dates extended from September 31, 2020 to October 31, 2020. Ease of Doing Business for MSMEs: The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) sector is the most vibrant and dynamic industrial sector contributing significantly to the GDP and export while employing around 40 per cent of the Indian workforce. The Prime Minister’s speech emphasized that the MSME sector will act as the bedrock for economic revival. Intending to get the MSME sector back on its feet, the Prime Minister announced the MSME sector to be within the purview of the Atma-Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (ANBA). Subsequently, the Finance Minister announced six regulatory measures as part of the ANBA especially for the MSME sector, as part of a series of announcements by the government. In current times, where the mere survival of the MSME sector is at stake, ANBA intends to address the needs of the MSME sector and paves a path for long-term sustainability and profitability of MSMEs. First and foremost, revising the definition of MSME under applicable law is intended to bring more MSME enterprises under the purview of being classified as MSMEs so that they can reap benefits associated with it and grow under the watchful eyes. Under the new definition, the investment limit for micro, small and medium enterprises have been raised substantially and the distinction between manufacturing and services has been abolished. This measure will widen the net of benefits associated with classification as an MSME to more enterprises. Tags:- #MSME #MinistryofMicroSmallAndMediumEnterprises #SmallBusiness #msmebusiness #startup #MSMEproject #MSMEs #MSMEStartUp #MSMEtrade #MicroSmallMediumEnterprises #IndiaStartUp #MSMEindustry #AtmaNirbharBharatAbhiyan #AtmanirbharBharat #SelfreliantIndiaMission #CoronavirusLockdown #CoronavirusPandemic #AtmaNirbharBharatMission #AtmaNirbharBharat #MakeIndiaSelfReliant #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #marketresearchreport #ProjectReportForBankLoan #entrepreneurship #NPCS #startupideas #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #entrepreneurindia #profitablebusiness #IndustryTrends #InvestmentOpportunities #BusinessFeasibilityStudies
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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List of Items that are Mostly Imported from China, but can be Profitably Manufactured in India Itself

List of Items that are Mostly Imported from China, but can be Profitably Manufactured in India Itself. Business Opportunities for Indian Entrepreneurs. When the economical gap between India and China is narrowed, the country, prompted by emotions of nationalism amid the standoff between the two countries, can boycott Chinese products and carve out a path for 'Atma Nirbhar Bharat.' 'Made in China' label has over the years catapulted into every possible industry operating in India. This includes the well-known consumer durables comprising electronic goods, textile and garment industry, toys, medicines, car components but also encompass the Indian digital sector consisting of applications, OTT platforms, e-commerce companies and consumer fashion accessories etc. India should take steps forward to diversify productions, domestic manufacturing will help businesses to secure raw materials, and it can also make a global impact if everything is processed here, instead of outsourcing from China. India undoubtedly has the potential to become the next manufacturing destination for global companies. Top Products which India Imports from China are; 1. Electronics products 2. Organic Chemicals 3. Nuclear Machinery 4. Parts of computers 5. Cars and motorcycles parts 6. Toys 7. Fertilizers 8. Mobiles 9. Lightings 10. Milk products 11. Optical and medical instruments 12. Iron and steel The main goods imported from China include clocks and watches, musical instruments, toys, sports goods, furniture, mattresses, plastics, electrical machinery, electronic equipment, chemicals, iron and steel items, fertilisers, mineral fuel and metals. Related Projects: - Project Reports & Profiles According to government data, from March 2019 to February 2020, India imported $12.78 billion of capital goods from China, the second biggest category after electronics, televisions and electrical appliances ($18.12 billion). India’s total commodity import bill from China over the same period was $49 billion, according to the ministry of commerce. Industry was asked to send comments and suggestions on certain number of goods and raw materials imported from China, which include wrist watches, wall clocks, ampoules, glass rods and tubes, hair cream, hair shampoos, face powder, eye and lip make up preparations, printing ink, paints and varnishes, and some tobacco items, The government has recently put import restrictions on tyres, while also making its prior approval mandatory for foreign investments from countries that share land border with India to curb "opportunistic takeovers" of domestic firms, following Covid-19 pandemic, a move which will restrict FDI from China. India imported goods worth $62.4 billion, while exports to the neighboring country stood at $15.5 billion in the same period. The main goods imported from China include clocks and watches, musical instruments, toys, sports goods, furniture, mattresses, plastics, electrical machinery, electronic equipment, chemicals, iron and steel items, fertilizers, mineral fuel and metals. India has time and again raised concerns over widening trade deficit with China which stood at about $47 billion .Promote Atma Nirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India), including cut in import dependence from China. Export Opportunity: Supply Chain Shift Away from China Opportunity for Indian manufacturers are humongous if there is a sizeable shift in opportunities from China to India. A look at the India-USA trade gives some clue. A good portion of India’s current exports to the USA consist of apparel, pharma, chemicals, vehicles and furniture. However, except for a few sectors such as pharma, fish/sea creatures and carpets, exports from China are several times more than that of India. As per estimates, out of 1200-odd categories (HS-4 digit commodity classification) in which India exports to the US, there are 720 items where China caters to at least 10 percent of US imports. The point is to emphasise that the breadth of opportunity for India is huge. Even if 5 percent of US imports shift from China to India in these categories, the opportunity size is $140 billion. Look at countries beyond the US, China’s wallet share in the imports of countries such as Japan, Australia and European Union ranges from 22-25 percent. The gap between India and China in these markets is a bit higher. And so notwithstanding competition from Korea and Taiwan (high value-added products), and Vietnam, Bangladesh and Thailand (lower-end products), opportunity is huge. This would have a positive cascading effect on the economy as equivalent quantum of revenues would not only be added to the turnover of domestic enterprises including MSMEs but is also likely to translate to benefits through forward and backward linkages, better economies of scale along with cost competitiveness and importantly, enhancing the scope of employment generation. Related Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES India’s trade engagement is the fact that for a variety of reasons, India’s dependence on imports is getting to be localised, in the sense that there is not a wide diversification of countries from which India is sourcing its imports. For example, if you look at critical medical supplies which India has been importing for frontline healthcare workers in the COVID-19 battle, most of these come from China. China is one of the top sources but on the other hand, there isn’t a very widely diversified source of countries from which India can actually import these. This essentially means that aside from China, there are probably three or four countries of the world on which India's dependence is increasing. China is by and large widespread across different concentrations. To that extent, it’s going to be a difficult choice for India to get out of this dependence and search for alternative partners. Recently, the government announced an economic stimulus package of Rs 20 lakh crore and big-bang systemic reforms under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (self-reliant India). The intended objective of this plan is two-fold. First, interim measures such as liquidity infusion and direct cash transfers for the poor will work as shock absorbers for those in acute stress. The second, long-term reforms in growth-critical sectors to make them globally competitive and attractive. Together, these steps may revive the economic activity, impacted by Covid-19 pandemic and create new opportunities for growth in sectors like agriculture, micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), power, coal and mining, defence and aviation, etc. Measures for Businesses including MSME’s The Government along with the benefits to the business institutions and MSME have, have decided to revise the definition of MSME by changing the investment limits and introduced additional criteria of turnover. The revised definition would allow a broad coverage and benefits to more number of industries. Some of the benefits are as follows:- ? Collateral free automatic loans of INR 3 lakh Crores will be provided for Business, including MSME’s which are badly hit by the pandemic and requires new funding to meet operational liabilities, buy raw materials and restart business. Following benefits are provided under the collateral free loan scheme: ? Emergency Credit Line to Businesses/MSMEs from Banks and NBFCs up to 20 of entire outstanding credit as on February 29, 2020 ? Borrowers with up to INR 25 Crores outstanding and INR 100 Crores turnover eligible Measures for Businesses including MSME’s ? Loans to have 4 year tenor with moratorium of 12 months on principal repayment ? Interest to be capped ? 100 % credit guarantee cover to Banks and NBFC’s on principal and interest; and ? This scheme can be availed till October 2020. ? Global tender to be disallowed up to INR 200 Crores to benefit the MSME’s and other small institutions. ? Registration and completion date of Real Estate Projects under RERA shall be extended. ? INR 50,000 Crores liquidity to be given through reduction in TDS/TCS deductions. ? The government will facilitate provision of INR 20,000 Crores as subordinate debt for functioning MSMEs which are NPA or are stressed. ? Equity infusion of INR 50,000 Crores through Fund of Funds (FoF). The FOF with corpus of INR 10,000 Crores will be set up. The FoF will be operated through a Mother Fund and few daughter funds. The fund structure will help leverage INR 50,000 crore of funds at daughter funds level. It will help to expand MSME’s size as well as capacity. ? Fintech will be used to enhance transaction based lending using the data generated by the e-marketplace. ? MSME receivables from Government and CPSEs shall be released in 45 days. Atmanirbhar Bharat: With a special package PM has announced a special economic package and gave a clarion call for Self-reliant India. The package will provide a much-needed boost towards achieving self-reliance. This package, taken together with earlier announcements by the government during COVID crisis and decisions taken by RBI, is to the tune of Rs 20 lakh crore, which is equivalent to almost 10% of India’s GDP. The package will also focus on land, labour, liquidity and laws. It will cater to various sections including cottage industry, MSMEs, labourers, middle class, and industries, among others. Five Pillars of a Self-Reliant India PM iterated that a self-reliant India will stand on five pillars viz. 1) Economy, which brings in quantum jump and not incremental change 2) Infrastructure, which should become the identity of India 3) System, based on 21st-century technology-driven arrangements 4) Vibrant Demography, which is our source of energy for a self-reliant India and 5) Demand, whereby the strength of our demand and supply chain should be utilized to full capacity. What Did the RBI Provide Earlier? ? A rough estimate suggests that the RBI’s decisions have provided additional liquidity of Rs 5-6 lakh crore since the start of the Covid-19 crisis. ? Add this to the Rs 1.7 lakh crore of the first fiscal relief package announced by the Centre on March 26. Together, the two already account for 40 per cent of the Rs 20-lakh crore package. ? That leaves an effective amount of Rs 12 lakh crore. ? However, if the government is including RBI’s liquidity decisions in the calculation, then the actual fresh spending by the government could be considerably lower than Rs 12 lakh crore. ? That’s because RBI has been coming out with long term bond-buying operations (long term repo operation or LTRO, to infuse liquidity into the banking system) worth Rs 1 lakh crore at a time. ? If for argument’s sake, RBI comes out with another LTRO of Rs 1 lakh crore, then the overall fiscal help falls by the same amount. All MSME Benefits Announced in Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan The growing clamour for fiscal support has led the government to introduce measures for MSMEs that have been hit by the lockdown. With a series of encouraging announcements, the Finance Minister outlined the government’s plan to raise the morale of the industry and the MSME sector in particular. Under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, the minister announced several measures for MSMEs that are expected to help 45 lakh business units resume their operations. Here are the key announcements for MSMEs. Credit guarantee of Rs 3 lakh crore: The massive increase in credit guarantees to MSMEs is the key highlight of the government’s relief package. The credit guarantee of 3 lakh crore by the government is intended to help MSMEs that have a 25 crore outstanding loan or less than 100 crore turnover. This provision will rescue MSMEs that need additional funding to meet operational liabilities and restart operations. The loans, which should be taken before October 31, 2020, will have a four year tenure and moratorium of 12 months. There is a 100% credit guarantee cover on principal and interest. The credit guarantee scheme is expected to help MSMEs survive the economic slowdown. Credit guarantees help banks meet the credit demand of MSMEs and provide an assurance that loans will be repaid by the government. Subordinate debt for NPA/stressed MSMEs: The government has set aside 20,000 crore as subordinate debt to help about two lakh MSMEs with stressed accounts or non-performing assets (NPA). Under this scheme, promoters of the MSME will be given debt, which will then be infused as equity in the unit. However, unlike credit guarantees, government support in this scheme is not full but partial. Revised definition: The government has changed the MSME definition to enable more businesses to benefit from incentives offered in the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The new definition of MSME, which had been on the government’s priority list for long, takes investment and annual turnover into consideration and does not differentiate between manufacturing and services. The ‘turnover’ based definition is seen as a better means of identifying MSMEs, particularly in services such as mid-sized hospitals and diagnostic centres. These will now be able to qualify for benefits offered to MSMEs. Experts suggest that the new definition would drive the growth of the MSME sector and help to make it self-reliant. Clearing of dues: While announcing the credit guarantee for MSMEs, the Finance Minister assured that the Centre would clear pending MSME dues in 45 days. As on March 31, 2020, the total outstanding payments to MSME units were estimated over 4.95 lakh crore. The Central Government ministries and departments, state governments and public sector units owe MSMEs more than half of this amount. Tags:- #AtmaNirbharBharatAbhiyan #AtmanirbharBharat #SelfreliantIndiaMission #CoronavirusLockdown #CoronavirusPandemic #AtmaNirbharBharatMission #AtmaNirbharBharat #MakeIndiaSelfReliant #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #marketresearchreport #ProjectReportForBankLoan #entrepreneurship #NPCS #startupideas #startupbusinessideas #businessestostart #entrepreneurindia #profitablebusiness #IndustryTrends #InvestmentOpportunities #BusinessFeasibilityStudies #MSME #MinistryofMicroSmallAndMediumEnterprises #SmallBusiness #msmebusiness #startup #MSMEproject #MSMEs #MSMEStartUp #MSMEtrade #MicroSmallMediumEnterprises #IndiaStartUp #MSMEindustry
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Active Pharma Ingredients (API) Amoxicillin Trihydrate, Azithromycin & Paracetamol

Active pharmaceutical ingredients are the active substances that are used in the manufacture of a drug and have a pharmacological effect. They provide health benefits and play a vital role in disease diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Active pharmaceutical ingredients may be synthesized either chemically or through biotechnological methods. Azithromycin is used to treat certain bacterial infections, such as bronchitis; pneumonia; sexually transmitted diseases (STD); and infections of the ears, lungs, sinuses, skin, throat, and reproductive organs. Paracetamol is a commonly used medicine that can help treat pain and reduce a high temperature (fever). It is often recommended as one of the first treatments for pain, as it's safe for most people to take and side effects are rare. India is the seventh largest country in the world and has the second highest population. It has a parliamentary democratic form of government and has abundant natural resources and sufficient oil reserves. Huge investment promises from different countries predict a bright future for India. It has a well-developed administration and an independent judicial system with an ever-growing consumer base. It has a huge pool of hard-working skilled workers in all fields. The government has set up tax and non-tax incentives to establish new industrial entities in specific sectors, which include energy, ports, highways, electronics, and software. The Make in India initiative was launched by the government in 2014 and received an excellent response from the developed nations. The government has also created special areas dedicated to export, called export-processing zones (EPZs) or special economic zones (SEZs), to encourage foreign investment. The global active pharmaceutical ingredient market size is expected to reach a value of USD 286.6 billion by 2027, registering a CAGR of 6.7% over the forecast period. Factors, such as increasing preference for outsourcing APIs and growing prevalence of various target diseases such as cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are expected to drive the market growth. Patent expirations of blockbuster drugs give rise to generic versions of these molecules, wherein the manufacturers bear the cost. After a patent expires, R&D investments done by the company are no longer beneficial for the company. API production requires a huge capital amount as the process needs extremely systematic protocols. Thus, pharmaceutical companies benefit from outsourcing API production, as it eliminates the need for labor force and installing expensive manufacturing units. Strategic outsourcing allows companies to focus on their core competencies, ultimately resulting in increased productivity. These factors are also projected to drive the active pharmaceutical ingredient market growth. The growth of active pharmaceutical ingredients market is marked by the huge demand for drugs like analgesics, anti-infectives and diabetes, and pain management drugs. But with the rising trend of increasing research and development (R&D) activities, the demand is experiencing a shift towards the advancement of complex APIs that find use in novel formulations, thereby targeting niche therapeutic areas. This facilitates the development of new technologies and ensures a high quality product. Among the problems for pharmaceutical supply chains during this pandemic are the restrictions and impact of COVID-19 on two of the largest global producers of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and generics: China and India. APIs is a crucial part of the pharma industry’s strategic plan to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. The majority of APIs for generic drug manufacturing across the globe are sourced from India, which also supplies approximately 30 percent of the generic APIs used in the US. However, Indian manufacturers rely heavily on APIs from China for the production of their medicine formulations, procuring around 70 percent from China, the top global producer and exporter of APIs by volume. Role of Government towards API The coronavirus outbreak disrupting supply of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and medical devices from China to India, the government has come out with four schemes worth Rs 13,760 crore to encourage manufacturing of bulk drugs and medical devices in the country and their exports. On March 21, the Union Cabinet under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved an expenditure of Rs. 9,940 crore and Rs. 3,820 crore for APIs and medical devices, respectively. The Cabinet also approved a scheme on promotion of bulk drug parks for financing common infrastructure facilities in three bulk drug parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. The government will give grants-in-aid to states with a maximum limit of Rs. 1,000 crore per bulk Drug Park. Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power and steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. The government further approved production linked incentive (PLI) scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/drug intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs. 6,940 crore for next eight years. Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. Rate of incentive will be 20 per cent (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10 per cent for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. The PLI scheme will lead to expected incremental sales of Rs. 46,400 crore and significant additional employment generation over eight years. The drug industry has welcomed the incentives offered by the government to promote API units in India. Besides APIs, the Cabinet also approved the scheme for promotion of medical device parks in the country in partnership with the states. A maximum grant-in-aid of Rs. 100 crore per park will be provided to the states. It will have financial implications of Rs. 400 crore. The PLI scheme for promoting domestic manufacturing of medical devices will have financial implications of Rs. 3,420 crore for next five years. Medical device is a growing sector and its potential for growth is the highest among all sectors in the healthcare market. It is valued at Rs. 50,026 crore for 2018-19 and is expected to reach to Rs. 86,840 crore by 2021-22. India depends on imports up to an extent of 85 per cent of total domestic demand of medical devices. Union Cabinet scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • The scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks for financing Common Infrastructure Facilities in 3 Bulk Drug Parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/Drug Intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs6,940 crore for next eight years. Details: Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • Decision is to develop 3 mega Bulk Drug parks in India in partnership with States. • Government of India will give Grants-in-Aid to States with a maximum limit of Rs. 1000 Crore per Bulk Drug Park. • Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power & steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. • A sum of Rs. 3,000 crore has been approved for this scheme for next 5 years. Production Linked Incentive Scheme • Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. • Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • Rate of incentive will be 20 % (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10% for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • A sum of Rs. 6,940 crore has been approved for next 8 years. Few Indian major players are as under Alpha Remedies Ltd Ankur Drugs & Pharma Ltd. Cian Healthcare Ltd Farmson Pharmaceutical Gujarat Pvt. Ltd. Glaxosmithkline Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Pan Drugs Ltd Piramal Enterprises Ltd.
Plant capacity: Paracetamol : 1,000.0 Kgs / day Azithromycin : 500.0 Kgs / day Amoxicillin Trihydrate: 500.0 Kgs dayPlant & machinery: 175 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1322 lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 47.00%
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