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Best Business Opportunities in Maharashtra- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Automotive Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. A sound transportation system plays a pivotal role in a country’s rapid economic and industrial development. The well-developed Indian automotive industry ably fulfils this catalytic role by producing a wide variety of vehicles. The automobile industry comprises automobile and auto component sectors. It includes passenger cars; light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles; multi-utility vehicles such as jeeps, scooters, motorcycles, three-wheelers and tractors; and auto components like engine parts, drive and transmission parts, suspension and braking parts, and electrical, body and chassis part. The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sells motor vehicles, and is one of the world's most important economic sectors by revenue. Indian automotive sector is a key contributor to the economic growth. India is World’s second largest two wheeler market, Asia’s third largest passenger vehicle market and World’s fourth largest commercial vehicle and tractor market. Maharashtra has strongly emerged as the top destination in India for automobile sector with a strong presence across the value chain.

 

RESOURCES:

Maharashtra accounts for approximately 33% of the country’s output of automobiles by value. Major automobile clusters in the state are Pune, Nasik, Aurangabad and Nagpur. Maharashtra is the leading producer of heavy and commercial vehicles in the country. Auto and auto ancillaries contribute to 9% of Maharashtra’s manufacturing strength. Maharashtra has a strong skilled labour base supporting the automotive industry. The state offers a strong educational infrastructure with technical institutions providing automobile engineering courses across the state. India's premier automotive R&D, testing and certification organisation, Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) is present in Pune. India’s first Auto Cluster Development and Research Institute are in the state.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Policy aims to promote integrated, phased, enduring and self-sustained growth of the Indian automotive industry. Special policies for Auto industry make it a lucrative investment sector.

·        Exalt the sector as a lever of industrial growth and employment and to achieve a high degree of value addition in the country; Promote a globally competitive automotive industry and emerge as a global source for auto components

·        Establish an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars and a key centre for manufacturing Tractors and Two-wheelers in the world. Ensure a balanced transition to open trade at a minimal risk to the Indian economy and local industry

·        Conduce incessant modernization of the industry and facilitate indigenous design, research and development

·        Assist development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources;

·        Automatic approval for foreign equity investment of up to 100 per cent for manufacturing of auto components.

·        Setting up of a technology modernization fund, with special emphasis on SMEs and encouragement to establish development centres for SMEs.

·        Increasing exports and related infrastructure and streamlining training/research institutions around auto hubs.

·        Setting up of automotive training institutes and auto design centres, special auto parks and auto component virtual SEZs

·        To enhance and upgrade the testing and validation infrastructure and establish centres of excellence for automotive R&D.

·        Lowering of excise duty on small cars, increasing budgetary allocation for R&D activities and lowering duty regime in general.

·        Weighted increase in the in-house R&D expenditure from 150% to 200% and from 120% to 175% on outsourced R&D expenditure.

Chemical Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

Chemical industry is one of the oldest industries in India. It not only plays a crucial role in meeting the daily needs of the common man, but also contributes significantly towards industrial and economic growth of the nation. The industry, including petro-chemicals, and alcohol-based chemicals, has grown at a pace outperforming the overall growth of the industry. India’s chemical industry contributes close to 3% to country’s GDP (2009). India is expected to grow at more than 11% till 2011 at almost double growth rate of the global industry. The chemical industry accounts for about 17.6% of the output of the manufacturing sector and around 11% in total exports of the country. The industry registered a growth of 16% from FY 2005 to 2010 In terms of volume, India is 12th largest in the world and 2nd largest in the developing world after China, Maharashtra has strong presence in chemical, petrochemicals, oil and gas sector. Maharashtra contributes 27.4% of total chemicals, petrochemicals and oil and gas output and around 15% of the total production of basic petrochemical products in India. Mumbai, Nagothane, Rabale & Patalganga are major petrochemical hubs while Thane, Mumbai, Pune and Wardha are chemical hubs.

 

RESOURCES:

Maharashtra has a well developed chemical and petrochemicals sector that has been doing extremely well on the economic front. The chemical industry in Maharashtra is among the main industries which has an important contribution to the economy of the state. There are many categories of the chemical industries in Maharashtra such as agrochemicals, dye & pigments, inorganic chemicals, petrochemicals, polymers, textile chemicals, pharmaceuticals etc. Chemical sector has been traditionally strong in Maharashtra with specific strength in Raw materials, Building Block production and Value Addition & Processing with clusters located in the Mumbai, Thane, Pune belt. Maharashtra has a strong skilled labour base supporting the chemical industry. The state offers a strong educational infrastructure with technical institutions providing Chemical engineering courses across the state. There is a strong resource pool and backward linkages with the well-developed chemicals and petrochemicals sector serves as an added advantage. All major domestic and number of global chemicals & petrochemicals players have a presence in the state. It contributes 27.4 per cent of the country's chemicals, petrochemicals and oil & gas output. The state also accounts for 18.2 per cent of the country's employment in the sector. The chemical sector in the country is expected to grow at 15 per cent per annum till 2010 and thus, presents ample opportunities for the state. Opportunities would primarily exist in the areas of polymers & plastics, fertilisers and synthetic yarns. Some of the names are Hindustan Petroleum, Bharat Petroleum, Reliance Industries, and Indo-Rama Synthetics. Maharashtra has a strong presence in the chemicals, petrochemicals, and oil and gas sector.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

·        Licensing requirements have been removed, except for hazardous chemicals and a few special drugs.

·        Entrepreneurs are allowed to set up chemicals industries following the Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM) route.

·        Under the automatic route, 100% FDI is allowed for all chemicals except hazardous chemicals.

·        In the Union Budget 2009-10, the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals was granted an outlay of USD 5.12 Billion

·        To mitigate the impact of anti dumping, Government has imposed 20% safeguard on soda ash

·        The peak rate of customs duty on most chemicals is 7.5%.

·        Plans are underway to set up port-based chemicals parks in SEZs to encourage clustering, provide infrastructure and enable tax concessions.

·        16% excise duty on almost all chemicals

·        Downstream SEZs have been planned to use the output of chemicals parks

 

 

Food and Agro Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

India is one of the world’s largest producers as well as consumers of food and food products Maharashtra is a bio-diverse state with 9 agro climatic zones and varying soil types, suitable for agricultural development. The export from Maharashtra for fresh vegetables and fruits accounts for 30% and for processed food products is almost 50%. Mumbai port (MPT) and Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) are major ports used for exporting processed food products. The state has a strong skill base with a total of 73 institutions with an intake capacity of 5,895 students including 4 Agriculture Universities and 5 national level research organizations. Maharashtra has 8 Agricultural Export Zones (AEZ).

RESOURCES:

Reaching top most position in the country Maharashtra is India’s leading agriculture state.  The state has achieved many innovative agro-industrial ventures, the sugar co-operative and cooperatives for cultivating and marketing, including exports of grapes, mangoes, strawberries etc. Wide availability of varied horticultural produce due to varied range of climate & soil conditions offers tremendous scope to flourish state’s processing industry to increase the processing & value addition from present 1.5% to reach up to 35% of total produce.  Bio-diverse state with 9 agro climatic zones and varying soil types is suitable for agricultural development. Maharashtra is the major horticulture state with more than 22.04 lakh hectares area under horticulture and 4.48 lakh hectare area under vegetables. Alphonso Mangoes accounts for 90% of India’s export in mangoes. It leads sugar industry with 201 sugar factories. The export from Maharashtra for fresh vegetables and fruits accounts for 30% and for processed food products is almost 50%. Maharashtra has the highest gross value addition to food products in the country 16.18%. Maharashtra has eight Agri Export Zones spread across the state for Grapes and Grape Wine, Mangoes, Kesar Mango, Flowers, Onion, Pomegranate, Banana and Oranges. It also has additional five crop cluster for Cashew, Sapota, Sweet Orange, Fig and Custard Apple.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Maharashtra Government initiatives are very unique to make agriculture, horticulture, Agri business, Food Processing industry highly competitive and successful in the country.

·         Reimbursement of 50% of the net VAT paid, instead of 25%;

·         5% interest subsidy on term loans for fixed capital investment for 5 years;

·         In the case of products attracting zero VAT, incentives against the amount of VAT retained and not refunded on input purchases.

·         Eligibility criteria (additional investment of 25% subject to a minimum of INR 1 crore) for providing incentives in the case of expansions under PSI 2007

·         The National Horticulture Mission (NHM) provides 50% of the capital cost with a cap of Rs. 3 lakh per unit for basic infrastructure.

 

 

 

 

 

Textile Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

The textile industry occupies a leading position in the hierarchy of the Indian manufacturing industry. It has witnessed several new directions in the era of liberalization. While textile exports are increasing and India has become the largest exporter in world trade in cotton yarn and is an important player of readymade garments, country’s international textile trade constitutes a mere 3% of the total world textile trade The textile industry is one of the most important pillars of the Indian economy. It contributes about 4% to the GDP, and 17% to the country’s export earnings. It provides direct employment to over 35 million people. Indian textile industry is estimated to be at USD 51.4 billion. The industry accounts for 4% of the country’s GDP and 14% of its industrial production. Maharashtra contributes to about 10.4% to India’s textiles and apparels output. Maharashtra has the largest area under cultivation for cotton (33.4%). The State has witnessed 122 major textile projects with an investment of USD 224 Million.  There exists largest number of the sectors 100% export oriented units, with a count of 560 are based in Maharashtra.

 

RESOURCES:

Maharashtra contributes to about 10.4% to India’s textiles and apparels output. Cotton is available in bulk in Maharashtra which is one of the key factors that have enabled the state to establish a competitive edge. Vidarbha region has a predominant cotton production, while western region is famous for spinning mills. The major clusters of Maharashtra for the industry are Kolhapur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Pune, Sangli, Satara, Sholapur and Thane. The State has witnessed 122 major textile projects with an investment of USD 224 Million.  There are largest numbers of the sectors 100% export oriented units, with a count of 560 are based in Maharashtra. Maharashtra has abundant raw material availability, cost effective labour pool, growing domestic market & presence across value chain.

 

 

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The Government of India recently announced the new National Textile Policy (NTP), with the objective of facilitating the industry to attain and sustain a pre-eminent global standing in the manufacture and export of clothing.

·         Suitable incentive either in capital or in the form of Interest subsidy shall be provided to the Textile units including spinning and ginning pressing units to promote employment.

·         Credit based capital subsidy or suitable interest subsidy on capital investment and working capital shall be provided to the upcoming Textile units including spinning and ginning units to make them self reliance.

·         Providing Technological Upgradation support to the Textile sector under Technological upgradation Fund (TUF) scheme.

·         Setting up of Textile Parks preferably in Vidarbha, Marathwada and Khandesh Region.

·         Rationalize debt equity ratio with special consideration in Marathwada, Vidarbha and Khandesh region.

·         Development of Infrastructure facilities with integration from fibre to garment manufacturing.

·         Pilot projects for power looms in Malegaon and Bhiwandi, Nanded and Nagpur.

 

Small-Scale Industries: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

Small Scale Industries may sound small but actually plays a very important part in the overall growth of an economy. Small Scale Industries can be characterized by the unique feature of labour intensiveness. The small scale industries sector plays a vital role in the growth of the country. It contributes almost 40% of the gross industrial value added in the Indian economy. It has been estimated that a million Rs. of investment in fixed assets in the small scale sector produces 4.62 million worth of goods or services with an approximate value addition of ten percentage points. The small-scale sector has grown rapidly over the years. The growth rates during the various plan periods have been very impressive.

 

 

 

RESOURCES:

The Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Development Corporation Ltd., popularly known as MSSIDC, was established with a view to giving a new orientation and strength to the development of Small Scale Industries in the State of Maharashtra. The main objective of MSSIDC is to aid, counsel, assist, finance, protect and promote the interests of Small Industries. The Corporation renders assistance to approximately 30000 SSI units in the State. MSSIDC plays a vital role in revival, development and growth of traditional handicrafts of Maharashtra by responding to the diversified need s of rural artisans and marketing their products in India as well as abroad. Over the years, MSSIDC has grown to become India's leading Small Scale Industries Development Corporation, continuously responding to the expanding and diversified needs of Small Scale Industries, Village and Cottage Industries, providing support services like Training and Entrepreneurship Development Programme.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Policy for Small Enterprises aims to create a congenial atmosphere conducive to the healthy growth of the Small Scale Sector in the State. The broad policy objectives are enumerated below:

·         To achieve an annual growth rate of 15%.

·         To assist the small scale industries in the State to become competitive, domestically as well as internationally.

·         To increase employment generation - particularly by promoting the labour intensive segments.

·         To improve the export performance of the SSI sector by providing adequate support services.

·         To create a more congenial and hassle-free environment for the functioning of the SSI sector

·         To help the SSI sector acquire new technologies and skills so as to compete effectively in the market place.

·         To promote appropriate linkages between the large and small scale sectors in the interest of harmonious industrial development.

·         To strive to promote an appropriate institutional mechanism to revive sick industries

·         To encourage SSI units to grow vertically and graduate, in the course of time, from small scale to medium and large scale unit.

 

 

 

Information Technology Industry: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

PROFILE:

Information Technology (IT) industry in India is one of the fastest growing industries. Indian IT industry has built up valuable brand equity for itself in the global markets. The Information technology industry in India has gained a brand identity as a knowledge economy due to its IT and ITES sector. The IT–ITES industry has two major components: IT Services and business process outsourcing (BPO). The growth in the service sector in India has been led by the IT–ITES sector, contributing substantially to increase in GDP, employment, and exports. The sector has increased its contribution to India's GDP from 6.1% in 2009-10 to 6.4% in 2010-11. India is a preferred destination for companies looking to offshore their IT and back-office functions. It also retains its low-cost advantage and is a financially attractive location when viewed in combination with the business environment it offers and the availability of skilled people.

RESOURCES:

Considering Maharashtra’s strengths in terms of human resources, connectivity and infrastructure, and the special significance of Information Technology (IT) for generating employment, increasing efficiency and improving the quality of life, the State Government announced its first IT Policy in 1998. It was followed by the IT and IT Enabled Services (ITES) Policy in 2003 which provided comprehensive support for the further development of this sector in Maharashtra. Information technology (IT) sector in tier two cities like Nagpur, Aurangabad and Nashik are any indication, Maharashtra is all set to emerge as the next IT hub, after Bangalore and Hyderabad. So far, the growth of IT industry in the state has been concentrated in the Pune-Mumbai stretch. However, with the new focus in place, tier two cities are expected to mushroom as key IT centres.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government of Maharashtra has been supporting development of industry and business through a series of far-reaching policy initiatives. The Information Technology industry has been an important thrust area and has been receiving government support. During the last five years, the Government focussed on HRD, IT related infrastructure, fiscal incentives to IT units, IT in Governance and Institutional Framework for the IT sector.  These initiatives have enabled the IT industry in the State to establish an initial lead and a firm foundation for a quantum leap has been laid. Exports of software and ITES from the State presently account for about 20% share of the country’s exports.  These exports have registered an annual growth of more than 30% during the last four years. The whole State has been connected through an Optical Fibre Cable Network and a state wide network of competent training institutions has been established for building a pool of world-class IT professionals for providing strength and support to the IT industry in the State.

 

Biotechnology industry: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

Biotechnology deals with living systems, including plants, animals and microbes. Biotechnology derives its strength by harnessing biological processes that sustain life. It incorporates any technique, which uses living organisms, parts of organisms and enzymes, proteins, etc., which are either naturally occurring or are derived from such living systems. Such techniques can be used to make or modify the products, improve plant or animal productivity or develop microorganisms for special use. Emerging Biotechnology uses recombinant DNA, cell fusion, embryo manipulation, etc. Biotechnology has the potential to transform the lives of the people in the State by impacting hugely on agriculture, animal husbandry, health, environmental protection, material transformation, etc. Further, Maharashtra has the potential to become a leader in Biotechnology, not only in the country but also in the entire world.

RESOURCES:

The State has an excellent intellectual infrastructure. Through nearly 1000 institutions, it produces around 163,000 trained technical personnel each year. The State has already set up specialised parks for different sections including IT. The bio-industrial enterprises cannot sustain themselves unless they are backed up by a highly trained and skilled human resource. Some of the best Centres of excellence in India that are present in Maharashtra do precisely that. These include the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, University Department of Chemical Technology, and the Cancer Research Institute, all at Mumbai. The Animal Diseases Investigations Laboratory, Pune involved in diagnosis and research of animal diseases, especially in four States of the Western region of the country, has been recognised as reference laboratory by Government of India. New forward looking initiatives in providing specialized education in Biotechnology have already begun to emerge. A number of defence research establishments in the State have been engaged in conducting cutting edge research in Biomedicals, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Maharashtra government is trying to develop biotech industry in the state in order to help to develop affordable and more cost effective drugs and devices to counter diseases common to India and to tropical and sub-tropical areas to reduce the disease burden. To lead the biotechnology industry in the State to a growth path from where it can become globally competitive, the following steps would be taken:

• Providing the appropriate policy framework which will smoothen its path;

• Providing adequate infrastructure, especially in the form of Biotechnology Parks

• Providing an appropriate package of incentives

• Developing a world-class higher education and research base to serve the needs of a growing Biotechnology industry and for creating high quality employment in the State

• Creating supporting institutions for the Biotechnology industry for  the development of human resource as well as for the applications of Biotechnology

• Simplifying the application of labour and other laws and procedures to accelerate the development and growth of the biotechnology industry

• Facilitating new ventures and innovations

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

RESOURCES:

There are 250 urban local bodies (ULBs) in Maharashtra which comprises 23 Municipal Corporations, 220 Municipal Councils, 3 Cantonment Boards and 4 Nagar Pachayats. Per capita MSW generation in various towns of the state ranges 100 to 600 gram per day.  For class I cities in Maharashtra, the waste generation rates are in the range of 14 to 63 kg per capita per day, which includes Mumbai having the highest range of 0.63 kg per capita per day (pcpd). The average waste generation rate for the state is estimated as 35 kg pcpd.  As per the projection, the waste quantities are estimated to increase from 6.18 million tons per year in the year 2004 to 8.05 million tons per year in 2011 and 11.77 million tons per year in 2021. In total over 21632.3 tons per day (TPD) of MSW is generated of which around 50% is generated in Mumbai (8500 TPD), Thane (680 TPD), Pune (1740 TPD) and Kalyan (1050 TPD). Compare to other Metropolitan cities in India, MSW generation is highest in Mumbai.  Available data indicates that Waste generated in Maharashtra contains about 55% of Non-biodegradable and 45% biodegradable components. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Profitable Business Opportunities in Production of Poly Tetra Fluoro Ethylene (PTFE).

Introduction: Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a solid, tough, waxy, non-flammable synthetic resin made from tetrafluoroethylene polymerization. Teflon, Fluon, Hostaflon, and Polyflon are all trademarks for PTFE, which is known for its slippery surface, high melting point, and resistance to almost all chemicals. These properties have made it popular among consumers as a non-stick cookware coating; it is also used in industrial goods such as bearings, pipe liners, and valve and pump components. Related Projects: - Plastics, Polymers and Resins, Polypropylene (PP), Polystyrene (PS), Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), Polyester, PA, Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), Polyurethanes (PU), Polycarbonate (PC), Polyethylene (PE)Projects Polytetrafluoroethylene, or PTFE, is an ivory-white, opaque plastic fluoropolymer with a wide range of applications. It's made by the free-radical polymerization of several tetrafluoroethene molecules and can be used in a variety of industries, including aerospace, food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, and telecommunications. PTFE is an extremely flexible material with a wide range of uses, but it's perhaps best-known for its non-stick properties. It's hydrophobic, non-wetting, high density, and resistant to high temperatures. Uses of PTFE: In the aerospace industry, PTFE is commonly used in the manufacture of carbon fibre composites as well as fibreglass composites. When debulking (vacuum removal of air from between layers of laid-up plies of material) and curing the composite, PTFE film is used as a buffer between the carbon or fibreglass component being installed and the breather and bagging materials used to encapsulate the bondment. The PTFE film prevents non-production materials from adhering to the component being made, which is sticky due to the carbon-graphite or fibreglass plies being pre-pregnant with bismaleimide resin. In hose assemblies, expansion joints, and industrial pipe lines, PTFE is frequently used as the liner, particularly in applications involving acids, alkalis, or other chemicals. Related Books: - Plastics and Polymers, Polyester Fibers, Pet & Preform, Medical, Expanded Plastics, Polyurethane, Polyamide, Polyester Fibers, Additives Because of its frictionless properties, it can better flow highly viscous liquids and be used in applications including brake hoses. The non-stick properties of PTFE have also been used in the dental industry to keep fillings from sticking together. Since it is anti-corrosive and non-reactive, PTFE is often used to make containers and pipes. This is helpful in laboratories where highly corrosive materials must be stored in glass containers. PTFE also has a higher tensile strength due to its carbon-fluorine bonds. PTFE can also be used as a computer lubricant. PTFE decreases friction, energy consumption, and pollution when used in this way. Because of its strength and heat resistance, PTFE is also used to make gaskets. It's also used in plumbing as a thread seal tape. PTFE is also used to insulate cables and connector assemblies because of its good electrical insulation properties. It's suitable for hooking up wire, coaxial cable, and printed circuit boards because of this. Manufacturing Process: Granular, dispersion, and fine powder types of PTFE are available. Due to its high melting temperature and melt viscosity, semi-crystalline PTFE is difficult to extrude and injection mould. As a result, PTFE processing is more similar to powder processing than conventional plastics processing. A water-based suspension polymerisation reaction produces granular PTFE. Compression moulding is often used to form the granular resin that results. Related Videos: - Plastics Projects PTFE dispersion products are produced in the same way, but with the addition of dispersing agents. Dispersion materials can be used for PTFE coatings or film casting can be used to make a thin film. An emulsion polymerisation reaction produces PTFE powder. The fine powder that results can be paste extruded into PTFE tapes, tubing, and wire insulation, or used as a corrosion inhibitor in other polymeric materials. Since the high melting temperature of 327 °C (621 °F) is higher than the initial decomposition temperature of 200 °C (392 °F), processing PTFE can be difficult and costly. Because of its extremely high melt viscosity, PTFE does not flow even when molten. Tiny amounts of comonomers such as perfluoro (propylvinyl ether) and hexafluoropropylene can be used to reduce viscosity and melting point (HFP). The otherwise perfectly linear PTFE chain becomes branched as a result of these, reducing its crystallinity. Market Outlook By 2022, the global market for polytetrafluoroethylene is projected to produce more than US$ 7 billion in sales, with demand estimated to be 247 thousand MT. PTFE is a common fluoropolymer that accounts for a large portion of the global market. It's a solid, versatile, non-resilient material with excellent chemical and thermal properties. It's also a great insulator over a large frequency and temperature spectrum. Market Research: - Market Research Report The fastest-growing market for PTFE is projected to be electronics and electrical. Because of its outstanding electrical insulation properties under extreme conditions such as high temperatures and aggressive chemicals, PTFE has a wide range of applications in the electronics and electrical end-use industries. The global polytetrafluoroethylene market is booming, thanks to rising demand from a variety of industries, especially the electrical and automotive industries. Key Players: • 3M • DUNMORE Corporation • Guarniflon S.p.A. • Jiangsu Taifulong Technology Co. Ltd. • Jiangxi Aidmer Seal and Packing Co. Ltd. • Lenzing Plastics GmbH and Co. KG • Markel Corporation • Ningbo Taifno PTFE Plastic Products Corporation • Nitto Denko Corporation • Rogers Corporation • Saint-Gobain • Technetics Group For More Details: https://niir.org/profile-project-reports/profiles/plastics-polymers-resins-polypropylene-pp-polystyrene-ps-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene-abs-polyethylene-terephthalate-pet-polyester-pa-poly-vinyl-chloride-pvc-polyurethanes-pu-polycarbonate-pc-polyethylene-pe-projects/z,,38,0,a/index.html
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Hemodialysis Blood Tubing

The Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is increasing in alarming proportion all over the world. In India due to lack of financial resources, lack of trained manpower & infrastructure leads to severe strain on existing health policies in the light of the increasing burden of CKD. Kidneys are probably the only vital organs which can be realistically replaced by artificial means. Maintenance dialysis is a well-recognized modality of treating patients having end stage renal disease. Several thousands of patients all over the world are surviving and achieving reasonable quality of life on maintenance dialysis. In India the first Hemodialysis facility was established in 1961 2 at the CMC Vellore; soon it was started at 3-4 major centers during that decade viz. CMC Vellore, KEM Mumbai, PGI Chandigarh & All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Over the last three decades many more dialysis facilities have been established in Government sector, in Charitable Trust run institutions & by Private Nephrologist. There has been persistent improvement in the numbers & quality of dialysis delivered over this period. Blood Tubing Sets for Hemodialysis designed specifically to connect patient with an external system that extracts blood of the patient to the dialyzer and reverts patient’s blood from the dialyzer. Consists of 2 Parts: Arterial and Venous line which are used during dialysis with attached fistula and dialyzer. Unique chambers are there which reduce foaming, increase air removal and do not trap EPO (Erythropoietin). This helps in ensuring secure machine fit and less incidence of wet out. Sets feature many practical improvements over than other competitor brands, especially as to internationalization of the components. To guarantee much safer and easier to use, sets in many configurations and specifications to meet customers' needs and fit all types of dialyzers and dialysis machines. With strict control over each manufacturing step, from granules formulation to final sterility assurance, ensures that Sunder Sets are of the highest quality. A single hemodialysis session in India with a new dialyzer can cost between 1800 and 3400 (versus 500 dollars in the USA), while a reuse session would cost between 1600 to 2700. The cost of single-use hemodiafiltration would range between 3200 and 4500. If there are no-cost constraints, HDF is a preferred option to conventional HD and most big dialysis units in India are progressively increasing the numbers of HDF machines (Nipro/Fresenius). In Dialysis unit, we have a total of 18 HD machines (14 for negative patients, 3 for hepatitis C patients, and 1 machine for hepatitis B or HIV) and 2 HDF machines. We have budgeted two more HDF machines for the current financial year. Market Trend: As kidney transplant is still an elusive procedure in India, most patients are put on hemodialysis. The driving force for the ever-increasing demand of dialysis equipment is the exponential rate of growth of non-communicable diseases like diabetes , obesity, and hypertension; and the continuous increase in the geriatric population (most likely to suffer from ESRD). India dialysis market was valued at USD 3.1 billion in 2017. The global kidney dialysis equipment market is touted to accumulate USD 16.5 billion at a stupendous 5.7 percent CAGR (compound annual growth rate) during the assessment period (2018–2023). Hemodialysis segment accounted for over 90 percent revenue share in 2017 and is projected to grow over the forthcoming years. In the center, dialysis accounted for more than 70 percent share in 2017. Market challenges: Consistent innovation in the dialysis equipment market is leading to the creation of complex systems that patients and clinicians are having trouble getting accustomed to. The greatest challenge is the lack of instructive training and ease of accessibility of the equipment. Currently, some players in the Indian dialysis equipment market include Fresenius, B Braun, Baxter-Gambro, and Nipro. At present, business in the Indian dialysis market is valued as USD 50.0 billion and is expected to grow further. One of the latest developments in the market is the proposed launch of a portable dialysis system by Medtronic. Such a machine will be easily transportable in rural India and will require less water, less treatment, and less technician expertise. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Major Players • Angi Plast Pvt. Ltd. • Fresenius Kabi India Pvt. Ltd. • Global Minetec Ltd. • Hemant Surgical Inds. Ltd. • Nipro Tube Glass Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 4000 Pcs Per DayPlant & machinery: 133 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:404 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Ayurvedic Pain Balm

Mother Nature is full of various plants popularly known as herbs. These harbors have various properties that very efficiently provide cure to various diseases like muscle pain, headache, back pain, joint pain, etc. These herbs are extracted in the form of oil in order to provide fast relief from pain. The herbal pain relief oil is manufactured using roots, stems, leaves of various species of plants. A balm is a concentrated, waterless moisturizer that delivers the oil directly to the skin. And because there is no water, there is no need for emulsifiers. Oils blend and beeswax thickens it up. The absence of water also means that balms do not require much preservative, because bacteria cannot grow without water. They are preserved with either essential oils and/or vitamin E. Balm is touted as a multipurpose product that may be used for a wide range of issues, especially pain. Here are some potential uses: • Toenail fungus: The active ingredient camphor may treat this type of fungal infection. However, this study was done using Vicks VapoRub, not Balm. • Back pain: The active ingredients camphor and menthol may help soothe this type of pain. • Common colds: Menthol may alleviate cold symptoms. • Congestion: A combination of menthol and eucalyptus may clear up congestion. • Flu-related symptoms: Menthol and eucalyptus may help aches associated with the flu. • Headaches: Menthol may provide relief. The addition of eucalyptus can also have pain-relieving effects. • Non-arthritic joint pain: Menthol and camphor may help treat this type of pain when it’s related to exercise and other activities. • Minor burns: Camphor and menthol may cool and soothe them. • Mosquito bites: Menthol may treat Trusted Source and repel these bug bites (but using a physical repellant, like bed nets, alongside menthol is best). • Neuropathy: Capsicum may alleviate neuropathic symptoms. Balm is used for local application for reducing pain and stiffness occurring due to various diseases. • Headache: Balm is a highly effective product that helps to obtain quick relief from a headache. It produces a soothing effect on the affected area and reduces the pain. The cooling action produced by ingredients present in this product helps to enhance its beneficial effect in reducing pain. • Common Cold: The common cold is an acute condition that causes a headache, running nose, congestion in the nose, and sneezing. Applying balm over the nose and the forehead can provide instant relief from these symptoms. The common cold is caused by a viral infection. The symptoms caused by this condition last for about 3 to 4 days after which they resolve spontaneously. • Neck pain: Cervical spondylosis is a common cause of pain in the neck. It also affects the movements of the neck and leads to the stiffness of the muscles in this region. Application of balm can provide relief from these symptoms. It produces a soothing effect in the affected area and reduces the discomfort. • Back pain: Balm can be used to get rid of back pain caused by sprain and lumbar spondylosis. It produces a soothing effect in the affected area and helps the patient move about freely without much discomfort. • Arthritis: Balm is useful in the treatment of joint diseases like arthritis. It can also be used for obtaining relief from the stiffness and pain in the small joints caused due to rheumatoid arthritis. The herbs present in this medicine produce a local anti-inflammatory action. This helps to reduce swelling and pain in the joints. • Shoulder pain: Pain and stiffness in the shoulders may occur due to the tear or minor injury in the ligaments or muscles in the region. Applying balm over the affected area can help to get rid of these symptoms. It produces a soothing effect and reduces pain and stiffness. • Muscle pain: Overexertion is a common cause of pain in the muscles. balm can be highly effective in providing relief from muscle pains. It reduces the pain and discomfort in a short duration of time. It also produces a soothing feeling over the affected part. • Strains and sprains: Balm can be used to get rid of the pain caused by strains and sprains. These are acute conditions often caused due to a sudden fall, twisting of the part of a body or a missed step. This may lead to a tear or injury to the ligament. The common parts of the body prone to strains and sprains are the ankles, neck, and the back. Ayurveda is an alternative medicine system with historical roots in India. The Indian wellness and ayurveda industries go hand in hand. Ayurveda is globally acclaimed for its preventive healthcare properties and treatment of many chronic lifestyle disorders. The Indian ayurveda industry has several large players, with the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) capturing 80% market share. Ayurveda is witnessing a resurgence in India because people have accepted this as a way of life as opposed to the earlier notion of ayurveda as an alternative area of medicine. The government set up the Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy) in November 2014 to promote the country's indigenous alternative medicines including education and research. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players • Amrutanjan Health Care Ltd. • Arya Vaidya Pharmacy (Coimbatore) Ltd. • Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. • Ayusri Health Products Ltd. • Emami Ltd. • Heal Ayurveda Pharmacy Ltd. • Himalaya Drug Co. Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 13333 Bottles Per DayPlant & machinery: 15 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:293 Lakhs
Return: 32.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Chocolate Confectionery Plant (Milk Chocolate, Dark Chocolate, White Chocolate, Orange & Tangy Flavour Toffee, Citric Flavoured Candies & Chocolate Wafers)

Chocolate is a product that requires complex procedures to produce. The process involves harvesting coca, refining coca to cocoa beans, and shipping the cocoa beans to the manufacturing factory for cleaning, coaching and grinding. These cocoa beans will then be imported or exported to other countries and be transformed into different type of chocolate products. The chocolate and confectionery products industry has traditionally been subject to significant fluctuations in demand. Chocolate products tend to be seasonal in nature, with demand increasing sharply during the holidays. Consumers of all age groups prefer chocolate and confectionery products because of their attractive appearance and colour. In addition, several consumer trends have had an impact on demand. Now-a-days varieties of products have gained importance due to their delicious taste and better keeping quality. Chocolate, candy and gum are some of people’s best-loved treats. These sweets have been enjoyed around the world for thousands of years. Early man developed a taste for sweets by digging honey from beehives. Recorded history traces several types of actual candy to the Egyptians 3,500 years ago. Boiled candies were popularized in 17th century Europe. By the mid-1800s, more than 380 American factories were producing candy. Confectionery, gummies/jellies, hard candy, toffee and fudge. The main reasons for purchasing are convenience, passive health, age, choice and pleasure. The most popular flavour groups are brown flavours, fruit, nuts, mints & menthols and dairy flavours. The top 5 companies supplying confectionary are Cadbury, Nestle, Kraft, Lindt and Mars. Flavanols are the main flavonoids found in cocoa and chocolate. Research over the past decade has identified flavonoids as showing diverse beneficial physiological and antioxidant effects. Flavonoids are compounds also found in fruits, vegetables, and certain beverages such as tea, red wine, and grape juice. Chocolate is not high in cholesterol. Cocoa and its components (cocoa solids and cocoa butter) are not recognized as a source of Trans fat in the diet. Confectionary products include a wide variety of food items, like – milk chocolate, white chocolate, citric flavor candies, orange flavor candies, tangy flavor candies, hard sweets, fudge, toffee, milk tablet, liquorices, jelly candies, marshmallow peeps, marzipan sweets, divinity, chewing gum, etc. The preparation and manufacture of chocolate and confectionary products require hoards of raw materials. These include - basic food colours, blended food colours, lake colours, natural food colours, food chemicals, spray dried coated powder flavour, soft drink concentrates, baking powder, icing sugar, coco powder and natural gums. Chocolates are the favourite item of children. Its primary feature is that it is solid at room temperature of 20 - 25 deg. C and yet melts rapidly in the mouth at 37 deg. C giving a liquid, which appears smooth to the tongue. The toffee and candy are used after meal, dinners as smooth refresher. It drives away bad smell from mouth and refreshes the breath. Sometimes it causes good sensation while chewing. Chocolate wafer are usually enjoyed as a snack. The chocolate wafers product is more nutrient due to the addition of the flavor layers and the dried fruits, the multi-flavor chocolate wafer biscuit is more beneficial to intake of nutrition and calories for people. The chocolates market in India is estimated at around 45,000 tonnes valued at approximately Rs 15.0 bn. The counter market is estimated at about Rs 5 to 7 bn and the rest is made up of chocolate bars. Chocolates make up less than a fourth of the sweet-tooth products including sugar-boiled confectionery, mints and chewing gums. Sugar confectionery is by far the largest segment. To push sales, chocolate majors have been targeting adult clientele. Chocolates are being presented as snack food for the new target audiences. Another strategy sought was the introduction of smaller editions. Growing at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 25% Indian chocolate industry’s size is presently worth about 50 bn and is likely to cross Rs. 75 bn mark in the next couple of years while globally the chocolate industry is worth over USD 85 bn. Besides, India’s per capita chocolate consumption is having at about 100 gm & urban centres comprise 35% of the chocolate consumption in the country. Cocoa, specifically, the market size (volume) of cocoa was 3,455,622 metric tonnes in 2013 and is estimated to grow at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.1 % from 2014 to 2019. As for the chocolate market, it is projected to grow at a CAGR of 2.3% from 2014 to 2019. By 2019, the world cocoa market is expected be worth about USD 2.1 bn, and the world chocolate market is expected to be worth about USD 131.7 bn. India chocolate market projected to grow at a CAGR of over 16% to reach $ 3.3 billion by 2023 with the country currently representing one of the world’s fastest growing markets for chocolates. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful. Few Indian Major Players • Gandour India Food Processing Pvt. Ltd. • Inbisco India Pvt. Ltd. • Joyco India Pvt. Ltd. • Lotte India Corpn. Ltd • Mondelez India Foods Pvt. Ltd. • Perfetti Van Melle India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Milk Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day Dark Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day White Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day Oragne & Tangy Flavour Toffee:1,200 Kgs Per Day Citric Flavoured Candies:1,200 Kgs Per Day Chocolate Wafers:1,600Kgs Per DayPlant & machinery: 249 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:671 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Solar Panel

Solar panel refers either to a photovoltaic module, a solar thermal energy panel, or to a set of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules electrically connected and mounted on a supporting structure. A PV module is a packaged, connected assembly of solar cells. Solar panels can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions (STC), and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a module determines the area of a module given the same rated output - an 8% efficient 230 watt module will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt module. The technology behind solar is relatively old, despite their futuristic appeal, but while the basics are the same the efficiency of solar panels has improved greatly in recent years. It’s worth noting that solar panel suppliers often have two types of solar panels on offer: thermal panels and photovoltaic (PV) panels. The former are used only to heat water. The electricity produced by solar panels will be used to power any appliances currently in use within home. Any electricity which is not used will be sent to the grid. India has abundant solar resources, as it receives about 3000 hours of sunshine every year, equivalent to over 5,000 trillion kWh. India can easily utilize the solar energy. Today the Government is encouraging generation of electricity from various renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, small hydro, biomass by giving various fiscal & financial incentives. This apart, the state governments are procuring electricity from renewable energy projects at preferential tariff. Multiple solar cells in an integrated group, all oriented in one plane, constitute a solar photovoltaic panel or solar photovoltaic module. Photovoltaic modules often have a sheet of glass on the sun-facing side, allowing light to pass while protecting the semiconductor wafers. Solar cells are usually connected in series in modules, creating an additive voltage. Connecting cells in parallel yields a higher current; however, problems such as shadow effects can shut down the weaker (less illuminated) parallel string (a number of series connected cells) causing substantial power loss and possible damage because of the reverse bias applied to the shadowed cells by their illuminated partners. Solar panels can be used to generate a portion of home’s power in order to reduce dependency on traditional power sources. For instance, install panels to provide electricity just for appliances or lighting, to reduce dependency on the utility company, as well as lower bill. Solar modules use light energy (photons) from the sun to generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect. The majority of modules use wafer-based crystalline silicon cells or thin-film cells based on cadmium telluride or silicon. The structural (load carrying) member of a module can either be the top layer or the back layer. Cells must also be protected from mechanical damage and moisture. The solar contribution stood at 5.44% as of 2018. Major factors driving the market studied are the declining cost of the solar module and the government policies like allowing 100% FDI under automatic route for renewable power generation and distribution projects which is expected to increase the participation from global players into the Indian market. With government promoting the solar installation in rural area by providing subsidized solar panels and other incentive, the solar PV installation is ought to increase during the forecast period and is expected to drive the market. So far, only five CSP projects, namely, ACME solar tower (2.5 MW), Dhursar (125 MW), Godawari solar project (50 MW), Megha solar plant (50 MW), and national solar thermal power facility (1 MW) have started operations in India. Owing to factors, such as, huge capital expenditure, difficulty in securing land and water, and insufficient DNI data, other projects have been delayed. India solar power products market is projected to grow at a CAGR of more than 11% to surpass $ 7.6 billion by 2024 on the back of increasingly stringent policy and regulatory framework and rising environmental concerns. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has set a target of 100 GW of solar power generation capacity by 2022. To achieve the target, government has taken several initiatives in the form of offering subsidies, financial assistance, and incentives to manufacturers, power producers and even customers. The global solar panel market volume reached 155.5 GW in 2019. A solar panel, also known as a PV panel, is a collection of solar (or photovoltaic) cells that employ natural sunlight to generate electricity. It is made of several solar cells, manufactured using silicon, boron, and phosphorus, which are arranged in a grid-like pattern on the surface. The utilization of solar panels has increased across the globe as they do not lead to any form of pollution and their installation helps in combating the harmful emissions of greenhouse gases. Also, innovations in quantum physics and nanotechnology are projected to increase their effectiveness potentially. They are superior to conventional solar panels in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness. They can also be integrated into almost any surface, which will further boost their applicability across various sectors. On account of these factors, the market to sustain positive growth over the forecast period (2020-2025). As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian Major Players • Dhursar Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. • Divine Solren Pvt. Ltd. • Ind Renewable Energy Ltd. • Indira Power Pvt. Ltd. • Janardan Wind Energy Pvt. Ltd. • Kiran Solar One Pvt. Ltd. • Laxmi Agroenergy Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 33 KW per dayPlant & machinery: 181 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:668 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Dextrose Saline

Normal saline (NS or N/S) is the commonly used phrase for a solution of 0.90% w/v of NaCl, about 300 mOsm/L or 9.0 g per liter. Aless commonly, this solution is referred to as physiological saline or isotonic saline, neither of which is technically accurate. NS is used frequently in intravenous drips (IVs) for patients who cannot take fluids orally and have developed or are in danger of developing dehydration or hypovolemia. For medical purposes, saline is often used to flush wounds and skin abrasions. Normal saline will not burn or sting when applied. Saline is also used in I.V. therapy, intraveno supplying extra water to rehydrate patients or supplying the daily water and salt needs ("maintenance" needs) of a patient who is unable to take them by mouth. Dextrose (D-glucose, corn sugar, starch sugar, blood sugar and grape sugar) is by far the most abundant sugar in nature and occurs either in the Free State (monosaccharide form) or chemically linked with other sugar varieties. In the Free State, it occurs in substantial quantities in honey, fruits, and berries. As a polymer of anhydrodextrose units, it occurs in starch, cellulose, and glycogen. Sucrose is a disaccharide of dextrose and fructose. Commercial production of dextrose by hydrolysis of starch yields white crystalline sugars that are either anhydrous (C6H12O6) or hydrated (C6H12O6H2O). Dextrose hydrate with its one molecule of water of crystallization per molecule of sugar, separates from concentrated solutions at <50°C. Anhydrous D-glucose does not contain water of crystallization and separates at 50-115°C. Another anhydrous form, B-D-glucose separates, if crystallization is carried out at temperatures >110-115°C. • Dextrose solution is used during post-operative period when sodium extraction is reduced. • Dextrose solution with concentration of 10-15% is used as di-urietic for increase in urine flow. • Dextrose solution of 5% normal salmicis used for restarting fluid volume in circulation of an emergency as in accidents with raemdrrhage. • Saline solution is used when large amount of sodium has been lost by vomiting or by gastric or intestinal duodenal aspiration or through analimucationfistuala. • Dextrose monohydrate is used as supplement to cow's milk in part of feeding. The increasing prevalence of chronic diseases is expected to drive the growth of the market. It has been forecasted that cancer will rapidly increase by approximately 70% in the next few decades. As per the World Cancer Research Fund International, stomach cancer is one of the top 5 cancers with 952,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012. These patients are ‘nil by mouth’ and have to rely on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for survival. Intravenous (IV) solutions are fluids which are intended to be administered to a patient directly into the venous circulation. These fluids are sterile fluids which protects patients at the time of serious dehydration. There are various type of IV solutions available for use in the market. Many companies manufactures packaged intravenous fluids or products or compounds which can be mixed with sterile water to prepare a solution for intravenous administration. The market for Intravenous (IV) Solution is expected to reach USD 11,511.2 million by 2022 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.69% during the forecast period 2016-2022. The factors which drive the growth of the market are the rising prevalence of chronic diseases, rising acceptance of vitamin C intravenous treatment therapy to treat colorectal cancer. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players • Pfizer Healthcare India Pvt. Ltd. • Pfizer Ltd. • Pharmacia Healthcare Ltd. • Shree Krishna Keshav Laboratories Ltd. • Vikrant Pharmaceuticals Ltd. • Wockhardt Health Care Ltd.
Plant capacity: Dextrose Saline 500 ml Size:15,000 Bottles Per Day Dextrose Saline 1000 ml Size:15,000 Bottles Per DayPlant & machinery: 1148 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1542 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Carbon Black

Carbon black is virtually pure elemental carbon in the form of colloidal particles that are produced by incomplete combustion or thermal decomposition of gaseous or liquid hydrocarbons under controlled conditions. Its physical appearance is that of a black, finely divided pellet or powder. Its use in tyres, rubber and plastic products, printing inks and coatings is related to properties of specific surface area, particle size and structure, conductivity and color. Carbon black is also in the top 50 industrial chemicals manufactured worldwide, based on annual tonnage. Current worldwide production is about 8.1 million metric tons. Approximately 90% of carbon black is used in rubber applications, 9% as a pigment, and the remaining 1% as an essential ingredient in hundreds of diverse applications. Carbon black is added to polypropylene because it absorbs ultraviolet radiation, which otherwise causes the material to degrade. Carbon black particles are also employed in some radar absorbent materials, in photocopier and laser printer toner, and in other inks and paints. The high tinting strength and stability of carbon black has also provided use in coloring of resins and films. Carbon black has been used in various applications for electronics. A good conductor of electricity, carbon black is used as a filler mixed in plastics, elastomer, films, adhesives, and paints. It is used as an antistatic additive agent in automobile fuel caps and pipes. The highest volume use of carbon black is as a reinforcing filler in rubber products, especially tyres. While a pure gum vulcanization of styrene-butadiene has a tensile strength of no more than 2 MPa and negligible abrasion resistance, compounding it with 50% carbon black by weight improves its tensile strength and wear resistance as shown in the table below. It is used often in the aerospace industry in elastomers for aircraft vibration control components such as engine mounts. Practically all rubber products where tensile and abrasion wear properties are important use carbon black, so they are black in color. Where physical properties are important but colors other than black are desired, such as white tennis shoes, precipitated or fumed silica has been substituted for carbon black. Silica-based fillers are also gaining market share in automotive tyres because they provide better trade-off for fuel efficiency and wet handling due to a lower rolling loss. Types of Carbon Black • Hard Blacks (synonyms: tread grades, reinforcing Carbon Black): a type of furnace Carbon Black having an average nitrogen surface area of 70 m²/g or greater. • Soft Blacks (synonyms: carcass grades, semi-reinforcing Carbon Black): a type of furnace Carbon Black having a nitrogen surface area in the range of 21 to 69 m²/g. Total production was around 8,100,000 metric tons (8,900,000 short tons) in 2006. Global consumption of carbon black, estimated at 13.2 million metric tons, valued at US$13.7 billion, in 2015, is expected to reach 13.9 million metric tons, valued at US$14.4 billion in 2016. Global consumption is forecast to maintain a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 5.6% between 2016 and 2022, reaching 19.2 million metric tons, valued at US$20.4 billion, by 2022. The most common use (70%) of carbon black is as a pigment and reinforcing phase in automobile tyres. Carbon black also helps conduct heat away from the tread and belt area of the tyre, reducing thermal damage and increasing tyre life. About 20% of world production goes into belts, hoses, and other non-tyre rubber goods. The balance is mainly used as a pigment in inks, coatings and plastics. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful.
Plant capacity: 167 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 2563 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:8249 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 25.00%
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Aluminium Easy Open End (EOE)

The term “easy open end” is used generally for that class of ends for containers that are provided with a built-in mechanism for permitting the consumer to open the container at the end for access to the ingredients within the container, without requiring the use of a can opener or other external tool. One conventional easy open end employs a pull tab having a pointed nose, the pull tab being riveted to the panel of the end so that the nose rests adjacent a weakened area along the periphery of the end panel. To open, the pull tab is rotated about the rivet, causing the nose to fracture the weakened area. Further pulling of the tab away from the end panel then causes the remainder of the weakened peripheral to rupture, thereby permitting the entire end to be opened. One type of easy-open end that is in wide use is the so called “full-open” end, in which a peripheral score, generally circular in configuration, is formed in the end panel at or adjacent to the periphery thereof to permit its complete removal. Full-open type cans are to be distinguished from those self-opening cans which have a comparatively small removable section which, when opened, provide a comparatively small hole for dispensing the product. Sealing with PET Can, Aluminium can, Tinplate can, Metal can, Paper can, Composite can, Food can, Plastic can, etc. • Non-processed foods such as snacks, nuts, powdered beverage, coffee and tea, infant formula, soup and sauce mixes, noodle/rice mixes, spices, pet food and treats; non-food products. • Applications also include processed foods such as: pet food, fish and seafood, spreads and other food products. Aluminium is used as a substrate, generally with an organic coating on both sides. This is necessary to facilitate the forming of the metal and/or to protect the metal against corrosion during the shelf life of the can or can end. It is often externally printed. Aluminium substrates are alloys. There are two major families of alloys depending on the main alloying element: magnesium or manganese. The rolling process is driven to obtain the required mechanical properties. It is for instance possible to obtain harder metal and thereby allowing reduced thickness. There has been a dynamic shift in the consumer consumption pattern in the food & beverage sector. Consumer inclination towards ready to eat food is increasing owing to changing lifestyles and growing disposable incomes, especially in the emerging economies across the globe has witnessed an increase in the sales of the global aluminium containers market. Foodservice operators & online food service outlets offers various services such as ‘takeaway’ and ‘drive through’ to cater the growing number of on the go consumers has resulted in the increase in the sales of the aluminium containers. Increase in usage of aluminium containers for packaging in food service industry, in turn, is expected to drive the demand for aluminium containers market during the forecast period. One of the key factors that increase the preference towards the aluminium containers for packaging is extended shelf life of products. Aluminium containers score very high in barrier properties. This factor is expected to fuel the growth of the global aluminium containers market. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business.
Plant capacity: Aluminium Easy Open End, 63 mm Size:2,016,000 Units Per Day Aluminium Scrap:200Kg Per Day Plant & machinery: 5338 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:8483 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 35.00%
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5 Star Hotel

A hospitality unit such as a restaurant, hotel, or an amusement park consists of multiple groups such as facility maintenance and direct operations (servers, housekeepers, porters, kitchen workers, bartenders, management, marketing, and human resources etc.). The common law says that hotel is a place where all who conduct, themselves properly and who being able and ready to pay for their entertainment, accommodation and other services including the boarding like a temporary home. It is home away from home where all the modern amenities and facilities are available on a payment basis. A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a fridge and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre (with computers, printers and other office equipment), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa and social function services. Hotel rooms are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B & Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Most hotel establishments are run by a General Manager who serves as the head executive (often referred to as the "Hotel Manager"), department heads who oversee various departments within a hotel (e.g., food service), middle managers, administrative staff, and line-level supervisors. The organizational chart and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size, function and class, and is often determined by hotel ownership and managing companies. Hotels are found in almost all the cities. Hotels operate twenty four hours a day, seven days a week. The principal factor that determines the guest attitude towards a hotel is service although other amenities such as room, food and beverages are of equal importance tangible determinants. Motel – The Concept Initially the term motel was meant for local motorists and foreign tourists travelling by road. They serve the needs and requirements of these travellers and meeting their demand for transit and accommodation. Some of the important services offered by the motels are parking, garage facilities, accommodation, and restaurant facilities. Over the last decade business opportunities in India has intensified and elevated room rates occupancy levels in India. ‘Hotel Industry in INDIA’ success story is only second to china in Asia pacific. The world travel and tourism council, says that India ranks 18th in business travel and will be among the top 5 very soon. India’s big success stores includes the new model for development and growth; a model that is uniquely made. Indian hotel industry’s room rates are mostly likely to rise 25% annually and occupancy to rise by 80%, over the next two years. ‘Hotel industry in India is gaining its competitiveness as a cost effective destination. In many areas hotels are important attractions for visitors who bring with them spending power that the locals and who tend to spend at a higher rate than they do when they are at home. Through spending by visitors hotels thus often contribute significantly to local economies both directly and indirectly through the subsequent diffusion of the visitor expenditure to the Govt. offers and to other recipients in the community. In areas receiving foreign visitors, hotels are often important foreign currency earners and in this way may contribute significantly to their countries’ balance of payments. In countries with limited export possibilities, hotels may be one of the few prime sources of foreign currency earnings. Hotels are an important source of amenities for local residents. Their restaurants, bars and other facilities often attract many local customers and many hotels have become social centres of their communities. Hotels are also important outlets for the products of other industries. In the building and modernization of hotels, business is provided for the construction industry and related trades. Equipment, furniture and furnishings are supplied to hotels by a wide range of manufacturers. INR ($1.7 Billion) in 2019 and average annual revenue/room was ~$12,400 per annum. • Post COVID, revenues will decline by ~48% in 2020 YOY but the market will also see a sharp recovery in 2021 and 2022 led by domestic leisure tourism. • The share of organized sector is expected to increase from ~5% in 2019 to ~8% in 2025 on account of growing pipeline from bigger brands and inventory reduction in unbranded hotels due to COVID. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players • D L F Aspinwal Hotels Pvt. Ltd. • Elixir Hospitality Mgmt. Ltd. • Emerald Leisures Ltd. • Hayre Regency Hotels Pvt. Ltd. • Highbar Technocrat Ltd. • I T C Hotels Ltd.
Plant capacity: Deluxe Rooms (Rent):38 Nos. per day Executive Rooms (Rent):28 Nos. per day Business Clientele Rooms (Rent):17 Nos. per day Suits Rooms (Rent):17 Nos. per day Coffee Shop (Visitors):25 Nos. per day Restaurant (Visitors):75 Nos.Plant & machinery: 1172 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:4032 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Washing Powder

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties in dilute solutions. These substances are usually alkyl benzene sulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water. Synthetic detergents have expanded rapidly all over the world. Their rapid development has been stimulated by the enormous and fast growth of the international petro-chemical industry. The transition from conventional hard soaps to synthetic detergent has been rapid and irreversible response by consumers. So that to-day, synthetic detergent accounts in most developed and developing countries in the world. To improve detergency of the detergent powders, certain other components were added to it known as builders, synergies, fillers and brighteners etc.? Detergent powder are largely used in the domestic houses, commercial sectors, hotel industries, garment industries and in many other sections of the society. There is high price, medium price and low priced detergent available. There are different kinds of raw material used in the industries for detergent manufacturing. There is large demand of this consumer item. There are renowned organized as well as unorganized private sectors, engaged in this production. The technology, involved in the high priced detergent powder is changed nowadays. But enzymatic process of detergent manufacturing is not economically viable to produce low priced detergent. There is well proved technology available in India. The product is environmentally polluted item. It is necessary to install proper pollution control equipments. Anionic detergents - Typical anionic detergents are alkyl benzene sulfonates. The alkyl benzene portion of these anions is lipophilic and the sulfonate is hydrophilic. Two different varieties have been popularized, those with branched alkyl groups and those with linear alkyl groups. Cationic detergents - Cationic detergents are similar to the anionic ones, with a hydrophilic component, but, instead of the anionic sulfonate group, the cationic surfactants have quaternary ammonium as the polar end. The ammonium sulfate center is positively charged. These are used in the domestic houses and in the industrial for cleaning of garments, utensils etc. It is largely used in the laundries and garment industries. Detergent constitutes about 95 percent of total surfactants some of the important uses of washing powder are in:- • Hand Soaps and Shampoo. • Cleaning and degreasing of metals. • Cleaning of glass and containers. • Washing and treatment of food. • Cleaning of painted surfaces. • Cleaning of painted walls, roofs etc. Detergents, as a constituent of the overall FMCG industry, accounts for a near 12% of the total demand for all FMCG products estimated at over Rs. 530 bn. Detergents, chemically known as alfa olefin sulphonates (AOS) are used as fabric brightening agent, anti-deposition agent, stain remover and as a bleacher. A major input for the production of detergents is a petrochemical, Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB), while soaps rely more on an inorganic chemical, caustic soda, as a major input. Detergents are available as powder, bars and liquids. Bars make up for less than half of the market, while powders have more than a third of the market. Liquids have 12% presence in the market. The bar market is dominated by Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever - HUL) with a share of over 40% held by its brands - Rin, Wheel, 555, Shakti, OK. The super-premium market, making up for around 10% of the overall detergents market, is dominated by Surf Excel from HUL and Ariel from Proctor & Gamble (P&G). The two together have a near 75% market with the rest coming in from players like Henkel SPIC. In the sub premium segment, Nirma from Nirma Soaps and Wheel from HUL are the major brands with small presence from an array of brands like Trilo, Hipolin, Tide, Key, Chek and others. The detergent market in India is dominated by HUL Nirma is the second largest player with an overall market share of 19%. Nirma is more dominant in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana, that is Northwest India. Nirma has the highest market share of around 40% in Gujarat. It has the highest market share in the mass segment, like toilet soaps. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian Major Players • Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. • Henkel Spic India Ltd. • Hindustan Unilever Ltd. • Hipolin Ltd. • Jyothy Consumer Products Ltd. • Kanpur Detergents & Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1000 Kgs. per dayPlant & machinery: 24 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:55 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 69.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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