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Best Business Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agriculture & Horticulture: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

 

PROFILE

Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy is one of the most significant part of India. Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. About 65% of Indian population depends directly on agriculture and it accounts for around 22% of GDP. Agriculture derives its importance from the fact that it has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. The agriculture sector of India has occupied almost 43 percent of India's geographical area. Agriculture is still the only largest contributor to India's GDP even after a decline in the same in the agriculture share of India

RESOURCES

Paddy, wheat and maize are the major crops of Jammu & Kashmir. Barley, bajra and jowar are cultivated in few parts. Gram is grown in Ladakh. The horticulture industry in Kashmir has become the safeguard of rural economy in the State, providing job facilities to the thousands of people directly and indirectly. The major horticulture items are apple, pear, cherry, walnut, almond, peaches, saffron, apricot, strawberry and plum. About 80 per cent population of the State depends on agriculture. The area under orchards is 242 lakh hectares. The State produces fruit worth Rs 2,000 crore annually including export of walnuts worth Rs. 120 crore. Jammu and Kashmir State has been declared as Agri Export Zone for apple and walnuts. Market Intervention Scheme has also been launched for improving quality fruit for export by ensuing proper grading.

The State is suitable for growing variety of flowers since it has perfect agro-climatic conditions. The floriculture industry in the State offers a good source of supply to the domestic and international market. There is potential for this activity to be propagated on a commercial basis.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In India, agricultural trade policy is a part of a larger food and agriculture policy regime that seeks to maintain food self-sufficiency while providing income support to the agricultural sector and poor consumers. The Government of India (GOI) uses a variety of policy instruments in attempting to achieve these goals, including:

•        Domestic subsidies to inputs, outputs, transportation, storage, and consumption to reduce producer costs and consumer prices

•        Border measures such as subsidies, tariffs, quotas, and non-tariff measures to protect domestic producers from import competition, manage domestic price levels, and guarantee domestic supply.

Handicraft: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

India is one of the important suppliers of handicrafts to the world market.  The Indian handicrafts industry is highly labour intensive cottage based industry and decentralized, being spread all over the country in rural and urban areas.  Paintings, furniture, sculptures, artificial jewellery, animal figures, figurines of deities and idols, baskets, and many more items have been complimented as the pride of India. The Handicrafts Sector plays a significant & important role in the country’s economy.

RESOURCES:

Handicraft is the traditional industry of the State and has been of crucial importance given its large employment and export potential. Some of the items of industry are papier-mache, woodcarving, carpets, shawl making, embroidery etc. The handicrafts industry, particularly the carpet industry, has been a source of substantial foreign exchange. It provides employment to about 3.40 lakh artisans. The number of industrial units has also gone up. Jammu has Urban Haats, while a similar Haat is being commissioned in Srinagar. An Export Promotion Industrial Park has been established at Kartholi, Jammu. A similar Park is being set up at Ompora, Budgam. A pashmina dehairing project assisted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is coming up in the Leh industrial estate of the State.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

During the Xth Plan the Government of India has implemented seven generic schemes in the central sector for holistic growth and development of handicrafts sector in the country.  The Sub-Group on handicrafts recommended six generic schemes for development of handicrafts in the country to be implemented during the 11th five year plan. The schemes recommended for implementation during 11th five year plan are as under:

Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana: This scheme aims to promote Indian handicrafts by developing artisans’ clusters into professionally managed and self-reliant community enterprise on the principles of effective member participation and mutual cooperation.  The thrust of the scheme is on a project based, need based integrated approach for sustainable development of handicrafts through participation of crafts persons. 

 

Livestock: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Livestock sector plays a critical role in the welfare of India's rural population. It contributes nine percent to Gross Domestic Product and employs eight percent of the labour force. 70% of livestock market in India is owned by 67% of small, marginal farmers and by the landless. 60% of livestock farming labor is provided by women and more than 90% of work related to care of animals is rendered by womenfolk of the family. Indian Livestock is reared in close human proximity where they form component of the life system of the people. Cows, buffaloes, bullocks, mule and donkeys are not just utility animals, but also companions at work for the toiling poor who rear them alongside their own dwelling. India has 53% of world Buffalo population and 15% of world Cattle population. In terms of sheep population, India ranks fifth after Australia, China, Iran and New Zealand.

RESOURCES:

In Jammu and Kashmir, animal husbandry plays a significant role as 0.13 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) of the state is contributed by this sector. The state has a precious wealth of livestock in form of cattle-buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry, etc. The cattle and poultry amongst all the livestock are considered the most important tool for the development of the rural economy. The production of pashmina shawls and other animal products like carpets, shawls and blankets of Kashmir earn handsome foreign exchange for the nation. Therefore livestock industry in the state has vast scope for development rendering quick economic returns.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Indian government has collaboration and policies to provide guidance for a more holistic planning, implementation and monitoring of animal husbandry projects. Following plans have also been made:

•        Also, the government has planned to assure a sound Natural Resource Management (NRM) Sphere co-ordination and implementation at country level for SDC.

•        Create / enhance synergy between the activities of the Livestock production and Dairying (LPD) and Sustainable Land Use (SLU) sectors

•        Enlarge the scope for new and innovative interventions and for support to technical development and technology transfer.

•        Promote and support validation, documentation and dissemination of experiences in order to contribute to the process of knowledge management in SDC and Inter cooperation (IC) and to strengthen inputs for policy and strategic dialogue with partners and actors in the NRM Sphere

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

 

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Jammu and Kashmir is known as crown of India, adheres varieties of cultural, religious spots, adventure and sightseeing activities. It is famous for its towering snow clad mountains, bubbling streams, transparent and sparkling lakes, flower meadows, colourful orchards and rare fauna. All such features of Jammu and Kashmir have always attracted numerous tourists from all over the world. Tourism has emerged as an important and one of the major contributors to the State's economy. There are various places of tourist attraction in the State which are being visited by both foreign and domestic tourists. Kashmir Valley is described as the paradise on earth. Chashmashahi springs, Shalimar Bagh, Dal Lake, Dachigam, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonamarg and Amarnath shrine in the Valley, Vaishnodevi shrine and Patnitop near Jammu and Buddhist monasteries in Ladakh are important tourist destinations. Ladakh festival in September and Sindhu Darshan in June are popular events. However, efforts are being made to support houseboat owners and develop village tourism in Jammu and Kashmir.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

Sericulture: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Sericulture, the technique of silk production, is an agro-industry, playing an eminent role in the rural economy of India. Silk-fibre is a protein produced from the silk-glands of silkworms. Of the total production of 2,969 tonnes of silk in India, as much as 2,445 tonnes is produced by the mulberry silkworms, Bombyx mori. India is the second largest producer of raw silk after China and the biggest consumer of raw silk and silk fabrics. An analysis of trends in international silk production suggests that sericulture has better prospects for growth in the developing countries rather than in the advanced countries.

RESOURCES:

Kashmir has been famous for its silk production since ancient past. Rajtrangni of Kalhana, Mahabharata and Ramayana establish that the sericulture was being practised in Kashmir from times immemorial.  Jammu and Kashmir produces the best quality Bivoltine Mulberry silk in the country due to its longer length better strength and shine mainly because of conducive climatic conditions. However out of total production of cocoons every year only 20-25% is being consumed within the State and the rest is exported. The estimated production of raw silk yarn is 92000 kg annually. As against this the State is importing spun silk as an item of raw material for different manufactures without clicking our conscience that the better silk could have been exported to others besides catering to the needs of the home industry.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

There are several centrally sponsored schemes for promotion and development of sericulture sector, through which Government of India has been undertaking different activities like:

 

•        creation of sericulture related infrastructure;

•        development of nurseries and farms;

•        expanding plantation areas;

•        providing technical know-how to the rearers in production and marketing of cocoons;

•        skill up-gradation and training programme, etc.

 

Fisheries: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Fisheries sector occupies a very important place in socio-economic development in India. It has been recognized as a powerful income and employment generatoras it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary industries and is a source of cheap and nutritious besides being a foreign exchange earner.

RESOURCES:

The State of J&K has a unique topography which divides the State in to 3 distinct agro climatic zones viz. the tropical Jammu Division, the temperate Kashmir Valley and the cold arid zone of Ladakh. The State is bestowed with the natural water resources spread over an area of about 0.40 lacs hectares existing in the shape of cold water torrential streams, Lakes, Rivers, Sars, Springs, Reservoirs besides about 250 high altitude Lakes. While the Jammu Division offers potential for development of Warm Water Fisheries, certain areas in the Districts of Kathua, Udhampur, Doda, Rajouri and Poonch also offer potential for the development of Cold water Fisheries and Mahaseer Fisheries. The Kashmir Valley including Ladakh region offers great potential for development of Cold Water Fisheries and the indigenous Icthyofauna.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

During the 10th Five Year Plan, emphasis was laid on the strengthening of the infrastructure existing in the shape of Fish Farms, Hatcheries, and other allied infrastructure. The Department has achieved break-through in cold water Fisheries and Food Fisheries. Fish Farming has been successfully introduced in the private sector under the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s Package and in this direction 454 units have been set up to provide employment avenues to the educated unemployed rural youth. During the Annual Plan 2009-10, the department has identified major thrust areas for overall development of fisheries in the State.

These include:-

i.        The existing infrastructure will be further strengthened. Under this programme, emphasis will be laid to increase the hatching and rearing capacity of existing Fish Farms and Trout Hatcheries.

ii.       Development of Recreational Fisheries by way of setting up of an Aquarium at Srinagar and completion of phase 2nd of Aquarium cum Awareness centre at Bagh-i-Bahu Jammu.

iii.      Extensive survey of areas especially in newly created districts will be conducted for establishment of new fish farming units of both Carp and Trout.

iv.      Sport Fisheries will be further strengthened and new trout streams will be established in the State particularly in Jammu division to increase the scope of trout angling in the State.

v.       Propagation of fish culture in private sector

vi.      Development of endemic fish fauna/hill stream fisheries.

vii.     To provide better marketing facilities for the fishermen.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Jammu & Kashmir

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

RESOURCES:

SMC has introduced dumpers replacing open collection sites in many areas but the dumpers are not colour-coded and no segregation of waste is carried out at source. Total waste generated is about 375 MT/day (within SMC limits). House-to-House collection of municipal solid waste is being undertaken in 25% of households in Srinagar city through Srinagar Municipal Corporation and some Non- Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Waste is being collected from hotels, restaurants, office complexes and commercial areas whereas slums in some areas are not provided with sanitation facilities. Waste from slaughter houses, meat and fish markets, fruits and vegetable markets which are bio-degradable in nature are not managed separately instead are dumped at the landfill site.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Azodicarbonamide Using Urea & Hydrazine Hydrate

Azolodicarbonamide, commonly known as ADCA, ADA, or azo(bis)formamide, is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C2H4O2N4. It's a crystalline powder that ranges in colour from yellow to orange-red and has no odour. It's also referred to as a "yoga mat" chemical because of its widespread use in foamed polymers. Biurea is produced in two stages by treating urea with hydrazine. Azoldicarbonamide is most typically employed as a blowing agent in the production of foamed polymers. During the thermal breakdown of azodicarbonamide, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and ammonia gases are formed, and they are trapped in the polymer as bubbles to form a foamed product. Doughs created with ADA-treated flours are more cohesive and dryer than doughs made with chlorine dioxide. These dried doughs are more resistant to absorption, retain more gas, and have better machining properties. Bread baked with ADA-treated flour has a higher loaf volume, a better grain texture, and a better exterior look. Azolodicarbonamide had no influence on the onset of rancidity in flour. Natural or supplemented vitamins are unaffected by Azoldicarbonamide. The global azodicarbonamide market is expected to grow over the forecast period due to rising demand for high-quality plastic and rubber parts for everyday use. It is used in the chemical industry for a variety of purposes, including strengthening, softening, and imparting flexibility to the substance with which it is mixed. It's commonly utilised in the production of foam-based plastics including toys, sports shoes, shoe soles, and floor mats. Azodicarbonamide is a crystalline powder that has a yellow to orange red colour, is odourless, and has a yellow to orange red colour. It's used as a foaming agent, a blowing agent, and a food additive, among other things. Yoga mats, for example, are generally made of rubber and plastic. Bakers utilise it as a commercial whitening conditioner for bread dough as a result. It's used as a blowing agent in plastics, synthetic leather, and other industries. The reaction temperature of pure azodicarbonamide is usually around 200 °C. When used for plastics, leather, and other applications, it has additives that intensify the reaction or allow it to react at lower temperatures. As a food ingredient, it's utilised as a flour bleaching agent and a dough conditioner. As an oxidising agent, it reacts with damp flour. Two further reaction products are semicarbazide and ethyl carbamate. Few Indian Major Players 1. Demaco Polymers Ltd. 2. H P L Additives Ltd. 3. Haryana Polymers Ltd.
Plant capacity: Azodicarbonamide Powder 40 MT Per Day Ammonia 10.6 MT Per Day Hydrochloric Acid (38% Conc.) 20.1 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 1951 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 3109 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Production of Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Multilayer

Nearly a century ago, the PCB, or Printed Circuit Board, was conceived as a method to avoid these intricate wirings. Electric components on the PCB are connected via copper rails constructed by hand or designed in the computer using various methods. It also provides mechanical support and layer isolation for the components. Between two or more etched and laminated copper sheets on the PCB, a non-conductive substrate serves as an isolation layer. The most popular types of PCBs are single-layer, double-layer, and multi-layer. Any electronic or electrical device's foundation is the printed circuit board (PCB). A PCB connects electronic components such as resistors, capacitors, coils, pots, diodes, FETs, transistors, ICs, and transformers to make a complete electronic circuit. Electrical equipment in today's world would be impossible to imagine without a PCB. PCBs help to reduce the size and efficiency of electronic equipment by providing connectivity between electronic components. Printed circuit boards are divided into two categories: single layer PCBs and multi-layer PCBs. To mechanically support and electrically link electrical or electronic components, a printed circuit board (PCB) uses conductive rails, pads, and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper bonded onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate. To link components electrically and mechanically, they are frequently soldered to the PCB. The Printed Circuit Board market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 5.3 percent from 2021 to 2026, reaching $72.3 billion. Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are the foundation of almost all modern electronic devices. Transistors, resistors, PLCs, electrolytic capacitors, and integrated circuits are all connected by printed paths on PCBs. The PCB is used in automotive applications such as power relays, antilock brake systems, digital displays, audio systems, engine timing systems, battery control systems, and more. Printed circuit boards are used in a variety of ways in the automotive industry, and they have changed the way people drive. The need for PCBs is increasing as more vehicle owners and drivers seek extra accessories. A automobile or truck's printed circuit board must be highly sturdy and reliable. Few Indian Major Players 1. Anand Electronics &Inds. Pvt. Ltd. 2. B L G Electronics Ltd. 3. Centum Electronics Ltd. 4. Epitome Components Pvt. Ltd. 5. Frontline Electronics Ltd. 6. Hi-Rel Components (India) Ltd. 7. Infopower Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Standard Printed Circuit Board (FR4, HDI, High-TG, Thick Copper and Halogen-free) 60Sq.Mt. Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 1258 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1894 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Drinking Water with Packaging in Aluminium Beverage Cans (Mineral, Carbonated, Alkaline)

Water, which is a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, is a priceless natural gift that is essential for the survival of both humans and animals. Contaminants should not be present in water that is used for drinking. Untreated water from wells, boreholes, and springs is frequently filthy and dangerous to drink. Purifying water and making it available in sanitary conditions for human use is thus both desirable and necessary. Drinking water is defined as water that is safe to drink or use for food preparation. Depending on physical activity, age, health-related illnesses, and environmental factors, the amount of drinking water required to keep healthy varies. In affluent countries, even though only a small portion of tap water is consumed or used in food preparation, it usually fulfils drinking water quality criteria. Laundry, toilets, and irrigation are other typical uses. The World Health Organization considers safe drinking water to be a basic human right. Mineral water is water that contains salts and sulphur compounds, among other minerals, and comes from a mineral spring. Depending on whether or not extra gases are present, mineral water is usually either still or sparkling (carbonated/effervescent). Mineral waters were traditionally utilised or sipped at spas, baths, or wells near their spring sources, a practise known as "taking the waters" or "taking the remedies." Carbonated water (also known as sparkling water, fizzy water, club soda, and water with gas) is water that contains dissolved carbon dioxide gas, either naturally or artificially pumped under pressure. Carbonation causes little bubbles to form, giving the water an effervescent appearance. Natural mineral water, club soda, and sparkling water from a bottle are all popular choices. Minerals like potassium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium citrate, and potassium sulphate are added to club soda and sparkling mineral water, as well as a variety of other sparkling beverages. From 2021 to 2028, the global bottled water market is expected to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.1 percent. Portability, ease of use and installation, and minimal maintenance costs will be key factors propelling the market in the coming years. Furthermore, rising consumer awareness of the health benefits of consuming bottled water is likely to drive market growth throughout the forecast period. Still and sparkling water, both plain and flavoured, have become extremely popular beverages on a global scale in recent years. This is a new megatrend that will likely gain traction in the next years. As people become more cognizant of their health, they are opting for packaged water and minimising their intake of sugary drinks. Still, bottled water usage has risen in food establishments and restaurants, fueling industry growth. Few Indian Major Players 1. Aradhana Snack Foods Co. Pvt. Ltd. 2. Bhagyalaxmi Mineral Water Pvt. Ltd. 3. Chouksey Agro Pvt. Ltd. 4. Geo Aquatech Ltd. 5. Himalayan Oasis & Beverages Pvt. Ltd. 6. Ice Berg Foods Ltd.
Plant capacity: Mineral Water 2,000 Cans Per Day Carbonated Water 2,000 Cans Per Day Alkaline Water 2,000 Cans Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 186 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 417 Lakhs
Return: 22.00%Break even: 61.00%
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Growing Demand of Rice Husk based Biodegradable Cutlery

People around the world have been early adopters of biodegradable cutlery, which has emerged as a preferable alternative to plastics. Plant biomass resources such as bagasse, rice husk, coconut coir, and others are being used to create environmentally friendly cutlery, tableware, and packaging products that are predicted to gain popularity in the coming decade. Rice husk is a surprising robust substance that can withstand a lot of wear and is long-lasting. Rice husk cutlery is one of the most durable biodegradable silverware options, withstanding temperatures of over 100 degrees Celsius without injury. The finish on this reusable tableware is smooth and shiny, and it's made entirely of natural wax. Knives, forks, chip forks, coffee stirrers, spoons, and teaspoons are all part of the Biodegradable Silverware collection of biodegradable silverware. The items, which come from well-known brands like Plastico and Vegware, are all food-grade and constructed of renewable resources. Biodegradable cutlery is made from a range of natural materials that are completely compostable and biodegradable, such as sugarcane bagasse, bamboo, paper pulp, palm leaves, agricultural waste, and other disposable materials (cornstarch-based PLA plastic is also a sustainable alternative but is not capable of breaking down on its own in normal conditions). • 100 percent environmentally friendly: Rice husk is a green and healthy alternative to disposable plastic cutlery because it is made from industrial waste and is biodegradable. • Fairly Durable and Reusable: Depending on temperature and upkeep, rice husk cutlery can last up to three years. As a result, these flatware pieces are ideal for parties, quick-service restaurants, and restaurants. • Heat and Cold Resistant: Rice husk cutlery does not melt when exposed to intense heat, unlike plastic silverware. This means they'll last longer than the disposable plastic ones. You can even warm them up in the microwave! • Perfect for Picnics, Travel, and Work: People can now enjoy their food without feeling guilty about using disposable flatware, which is perfect for picnics, travel, and work. Biodegradable cutlery has inspired a groundswell of interest among people all over the world due to compelling environmental concerns. To that end, biodegradable utensils are gaining popularity due to their increased durability over plastic cutlery, as well as the enormous environmental friendliness of biodegradable materials. Biodegradable cutlery constructed of plant-based materials, as well as biodegradable bio-plastics, have sparked widespread interest. Several countries have made concerted attempts over the years to promote awareness about the disposability of a variety of biodegradable cutlery items. In addition, the biodegradable cutlery industry has improved in terms of teaching end users on suitable processes and limits. The most popular materials used in eco-friendly cutlery are corn, areca leaves, bagasse, and rice husk. Over time, the remains of fast-growing trees have been employed. The global biodegradable cutlery market was worth USD 33.9 million in 2018, and it is predicted to grow at a 5.9% CAGR between 2019 and 2025. Market growth is expected to be boosted by rising public awareness of the detrimental impacts of non-biodegradable garbage. Non-biodegradable plastic has been outlawed by the government, with strict controls in place. Growth is likely to be fueled by government efforts that promote the business, as well as growing consumer awareness of the harmful implications of non-biodegradables.
Plant capacity: Biodegradable Cutlery (Per Set 6 Pcs. Flatware) 1,852 Sets per dayPlant & machinery: Rs. 29 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 135 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 67.00%
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Residential Apartments

Residential apartments are a type of housing with a lot of room for expansion. The name "house" is a little misleading. The meaning of the word "same" has evolved over time and between countries. The Indian census of 1981 used the following definition. Distinct classes of individuals have different housing needs, which are dictated by the individual's financial and social standing. A affluent family, for example, may desire a magnificent structure, whilst a poor family may be content with a single room residence. A typical residential bungalow building has a drawing room, dining room, office, guest room, kitchen, store, pantry, dressing room, bathroom, front verandah, and stairs, among other features. Depending on the demands of many available, the number of rooms in other residences can be lowered. Flat Essentials – - 24-Hour Security – All security-related services should be provided to make life in a residential apartment safe. - Multi-level Parking - This decreases the amount of space needed in the park to park cars and other vehicles. - Central air conditioning - Depending on the project area's environment and weather, this may be available. The residential complexes, which are built on large lands and have a well-developed infrastructure to enhance living style, include power backup, the latest firefighting devices, auto door elevators, freight lifts, Earthquake resistant building, 24-hour water supply, and auto elevators. Suburbs have sprung up in recent years as a result of the city's growing population, housing shortages, and overcrowding. To alleviate the housing issue and provide a greater standard of living for all members of society, residential zones are now being developed. Residents who live in apartments have the feeling of living in the country while yet having access to all of the city's amenities. One of the key advantages of investing in these projects over investing in the city is the cheap cost of entry. The majority of projects are being constructed outside of the city centre, giving the developer a land cost advantage. These are considered a low-risk investment with a larger upside potential due to their diversification and low entry cost. Few Indian Major Players 1. A S V Constructions Pvt. Ltd. 2. B Engineers & Builders Ltd. 3. Cybercity Builders & Developers Pvt. Ltd. 4. D L F Builders & Developers Pvt. Ltd. 5. Era Housing & Developers (India) Ltd. 6. Futuretech Constructions & Precast Pvt. Ltd. 7. G K S Housing Ltd. 8. International Biotech Park Ltd.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 13771 Cr.
Return: 8.94%Break even: 0.89%
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Production Business of Ethanol from Maize

Ethanol is frequently manufactured via fermentation from biological feedstocks. Throughout these processes, monosaccharides are fermented to ethanol by yeast or bacteria. Carbohydrate-containing feedstocks that create monosaccharides for fermentation include corn grain, sugarcane, wheat, sugar beet, and other biomass. Ethanol, usually referred to as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol, or grain alcohol, is a colourless, flammable, and mildly toxic chemical compound present in alcoholic beverages. In ordinary speech, it is frequently referred to as "alcohol." Its chemical formula, as well as its empiric name, include EtOH, CH3CH2OH, and C2H5OH. Since prehistoric times, carbohydrates have been fermented to make ethanol. This method still produces all of the ethanol for drinking and more than half of the ethanol used in industry. Simple sugars are the raw material. Simple carbohydrates are converted to ethanol and carbon dioxide by the yeast enzyme zymase. Alcoholic liquids such as beer, wine, and spirits contain ethanol when diluted. It is used as a topical ingredient in pharmaceutical preparations (such as rubbing compounds, lotions, tonics, and colognes), cosmetics, and perfumes to prevent skin infections. Ethanol is used in fuels labelled as ethanol blended fuels as an industrial solvent for fats, oils, waxes, resins, and hydrocarbons. It is used to make a variety of chemical compounds, lacquers, plastics and plasticizers, rubber and rubber accelerators, aerosols, mouthwash products, soaps and cleaning preparations, polishes, surface coatings, dyes, inks, adhesives, preservatives, pesticides, explosives, petrol additives/substitutes, elastomers, antifreeze, yeast growth medium, human and veterinary medicines, and dehydrating agents. One of the most promising ethanol crops is maize. It generates maize grain, which is then converted to ethanol. Maize ethanol holds potential not only in terms of converting the grain to ethanol, but also in terms of applying cellulose conversion technology on the pericarp that covers the grain. Pretreatment and hydrolysis of cellulose allow cellulose conversion to be extended to other parts of the maize plant, such as corn Stover (cobs, stalks, and leaves). Significant increases in ethanol yield per acre of corn produced can be achieved if biomass from maize residue is utilised for ethanol production. To solve this difficulty, a quantitative analysis of mass balance was carried out. Corn cobs, stalks, and leaves can be converted to fermentable sugars using cellulose processing technology, which comprises pretreatment, hydrolysis, and fermentation with yeast or other microbes. Unlike grain-based feedstocks, cellulose-based ethanol requires microorganisms capable of producing ethanol from both glucose and xylose. Corn grain has a lot of starch, which following pretreatment (heating in water) and hydrolysis quickly breaks down into monosaccharides. Cecanis, a distinct form of glucanis, can also be found in the cob, stem, and leaves. The India ethanol market is predicted to grow from $ 2.50 billion in 2018 to $ 7.38 billion by 2024, with a CAGR of 14.50 percent from 2019 to 2024, owing to growing ethanol usage in sectors such as fuel additives and drinks. Ethanol is a common alcoholic beverage that comes in many different forms, including beer, cider, wine, spirits, and ale. The Indian government is pushing sugar producers in India to generate ethanol for Oil Marketing Companies in an attempt to reduce the country's reliance on imported crude oil (OMCs). Ethanol production will likely increase three to fivefold in the future to meet demand for its 20% Fuel Blending Program (FBP). Factors like as rising alcohol use, changing lifestyles, and the growing influence of western culture are projected to drive ethanol demand in the country. Few Indian Major Players 1. A K C Developers Ltd 2. Bharat Renewable Energy Ltd. 3. Costal Energy Ltd. 4. First Energy Pvt. Ltd. 5. K B K Chem-Engineering Pvt. Ltd. 6. P S A Nitrogen Ltd. 7. Rattan Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: Ethanol 60 KLtrs per day Plant & machinery: Rs. 49 Cr.
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 80 Cr.
Return: 24.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Haemodialysis Solution B.P. and Erilite-Bicarb(Part-B)

When a person's kidneys aren't working properly, haemodialysis, often known as hemodialysis or simply dialysis, is used to clear their blood. This form of dialysis achieves the extracorporeal elimination of waste products such as creatinine and urea as well as free water from the blood when the kidneys are in a state of renal failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement therapies. Apheresis is a method for separating blood components such as plasma or cells outside of the body. The kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood and removing waste and excess fluid. Hemodialysis is a process that employs a machine to replace some of the functions of your kidneys if they have failed. Outpatient haemodialysis and inpatient haemodialysis are both options. Routine hemodialysis is done in a dialysis outpatient facility, which can be a standalone clinic or a specially designed unit within a hospital. Home haemodialysis is a less popular method of dialysis. At a clinic, dialysis treatments are initiated and managed by specialised staff made up of nurses and technicians; at home, dialysis treatments can be self-initiated and managed or done jointly with the support of a qualified helper, who is often a family member. A dry powdered Bicarb (Part-B) dry Bicarbonate concentration is available in India. To improve bicarbonate diffusion and act as a pH buffer to neutralise metabolic acidosis, which is common in these patients, bicarbonate levels in dialysis solutions are somewhat higher than normal blood levels. For patients who require dialysis on a short-term basis, as well as those patients who require maintenance dialysis, haemodialysis is the chosen renal replacement therapy. It removes solutes effectively and quickly. A nephrologist (a medical kidney specialist) makes the decision whether hemodialysis is required, as well as the numerous factors for dialysis treatment. The number of treatments per week, the length of each treatment, the flow rates of blood and dialysis solution, and the dialyzer size are all considerations to consider. The levels of sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate in the dialysis solution are occasionally changed. Haemodialysis can be performed in a hospital, at home, or in a dialysis machine that stands alone (also known as satellite units). In hospitals and satellite units, nurses and dialysis aides assist with treatment; at home, you or someone else must learn how to operate the equipment. Although one may feel fatigued after a dialysis session, because haemodialysis is only done three times a week, the days in between may allow for some regular activity, however dietary and fluid restrictions are usually required. Few Indian Major Players 1. Baxter Pharmaceuticals India Pvt. Ltd. 2. Fresenius Kabi India Pvt. Ltd. 3. Medtronic Engineering & Innovation Center Pvt. Ltd. 4. Poly Medicure Ltd.
Plant capacity: Haemodialysis Solution B.P. Grade 2,000 Units Per Day Erilite-Bicarb (Part-B) each Pack 4.063 Kgs 40 Units Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 25 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 153 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 61.00%
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Manufacturing Industry of Collagen Powder

Collagen is the most abundant protein in human bodies, accounting for around one-third of all protein. It's found in bones, skin, muscles, tendons, and ligaments, among other places. Collagen is found in a variety of biological structures, including blood vessels, corneas, and teeth. It functions as the "glue" that holds everything together. The word "kolla" comes from the Greek word "kolla," which literally means "glue." Collagen is a fibrous protein that is found in the majority of connective tissue in animals, including tendons, cartilage, bones, teeth, skin, and blood vessels. Collagen is a high-value substance generated from waste source materials like unused mammalian skins. It is usually used as a structural protein to provide biological structures strength, although it has a variety of activities depending on where it is located in the body. These days, collagen supplements come in a variety of formats. They may be given in tablet or powder form, depending on the preferences of the customer. Collagen can be derived from a number of different sources. It comprises both animal-derived and vegetarian collagen (animal parts, fish scales, bones, skin, and so on) (produced from genetically engineered yeast and bacteria). Collagen powder has a variety of uses and benefits, including the following: - Brain and Memory Support - Marine collagen has been discovered to include around 20 amino acid peptides, as well as many minerals, that aid in brain and memory support. Arginine, glycine, methionine, threonine, tyrosine, and tryptophan are amino acids that help improve human neurological processes. - Antioxidant Function - Antioxidants included in marine collagen help to reduce inflammation. - Regeneration and Tissue Engineering - Salmon skin collagen works as a scaffold for bone regeneration when combined with hydroxyapatite. Collagen supplements are dietary supplements used to supplement a collagen-deficient diet. They're mostly comprised of bones and skin from animals and fish. Pills, candy, powder, and liquids are just a few of the various options. Collagen supplements are available all around the world and do not require a prescription from a doctor. Collagen supplements are popular among bodybuilders and regular exercisers since they help to maintain skin and bone health. The market is expected to be valued USD 8.67 billion in 2021. The global collagen market is expected to develop at a compound annual growth rate of 9.0 percent from 2020 to 2028, reaching USD 16.7 billion. A multitude of health and beauty benefits associated to collagen supplement use have fueled the growth of the collagen supplement industry. Collagen supplements, for example, promote skin health by reducing dryness and wrinkles. It also aids in muscular development, bone health, and joint pain relief. Few Indian Major Players 1. Baxter Pharmaceuticals India Pvt. Ltd. 2. Fresenius Kabi India Pvt. Ltd. 3. Medtronic Engineering & Innovation Center Pvt. Ltd. 4. Poly Medicure Ltd.
Plant capacity: Collagen Powder 500 Kg. Per DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 1178 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1935 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Business Plan for Starting Animal Feed Production (Cattle, Poultry Broiler, Pig & Fish Feed). Rising Demand of Livestock Feed Business.

Animal feed is food given to domestic animals, especially livestock, in the course of animal husbandry. There are two basic types: fodder and forage. Used alone, the word feed more often refers to fodder. Animal feed is an important input to animal agriculture, and is frequently the main cost of the raising animals. Farms typically try to reduce cost for this food, by growing their own, grazing animals, or supplementing expensive feeds with substitutes, such as food waste like spent grain from beer brewing. Animals in general require the same nutrients as humans. Some feeds, such as pasture grasses, hay and silage crops, and certain cereal grains, are grown specifically for animals. Other feeds, such as sugar beet pulp, brewers’ grains, and pineapple bran, are by-products that remain after a food crop has been processed for human use. Surplus food crops, such as wheat, other cereals, fruits, vegetables, and roots, may also be fed to animals. Feeding livestock is an important part of modern agricultural production. In addition to providing a supply of high-quality protein for human consumption, livestock provide services in reducing erosion and soil compaction caused by overgrazing and in nutrient cycling. However, crop yields are much lower when nutrients from manure are recycled through crops because crops also use nitrogen from soil organic matter that has accumulated due to recycling. This means that fields must be fertilized with mineral fertilizer which loses its efficacy after several years. Because of these concerns about mineral fertilizer overuse, it may be more efficient to produce livestock products than plant products for human consumption. In general though animal feed will consist of four main ingredients: protein-rich components such as oil seeds or soybeans; carbohydrate-rich components such as maize or barley; fibre sources such as wheat bran or cassava root; and roughage in the form of hay, silage or straw. The animal feed market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 4.90% to reach US$460.322 billion by 2026, from US$345.434 billion in 2020. Animal feeds are referred to as those products which are responsible for improving animals’ health. The feed is given in various doses depending on the animal. Rapid urbanization and growing consumption of meat and other end products such as milk and eggs across different regions are driving the animal feed market growth opportunities during the forecast period. The feed helps in enhancing the animal's abilities by providing enriched nutrients along with the feedstuff, accelerating growth and weight gain, and developing immunity. Outbursts of diseases in animals are a major factor contributing to the increasing adoption of animal feed as it enhances the health of the animals and in proper regulation of the food chain. High growth in the animal feed market is aided by the growth strategies of major players in the form of expansions and investments, which also helps in enhancing the product portfolio and reaching out to new target markets. Furthermore, the growing livestock population along with the shift from unorganized livestock farming to the organized sector is further expected to propel the market growth opportunities in the coming years. However, the high price volatility of raw materials is expected to hinder the growth of the market during the forecast period.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Investment Opportunities in Production Business of Solar Inverter. Fastest-Growing Industry of Renewable Energy.

Solar sine wave inverters are an electronic device for converting direct current (DC) from a solar array into alternating current (AC) which can be used in homes and business. A photovoltaic panel is a series of solar cells that generate DC power directly from sunlight. DC power is then converted into AC using a sine wave inverter, usually mounted on or near to your electrical breaker box. These sine wave inverters vary in sizes from 50W to over 1KW and above. For example, 100 KVA-1000 KVA of size is generally used in large scale Solar Power Plants while 50W-200W would be good enough for residential systems of average house hold needs. A solar sine wave inverter is a device that converts Direct Current (DC) to Alternating Current (AC), thereby permitting utilization of solar energy in homes, industries and power grids. Solar sine wave inverters have been specifically designed to be installed with all types of photovoltaic panels. Apart from being a green technology, these inverters also feature zero emissions and a much longer lifespan than traditional electricity generating devices. There are several advantages of using solar sine wave inverters in your commercial or industrial setup. A sine wave inverter converts direct current (DC) from a solar panel to alternating current (AC). Direct current is used to charge batteries, but for use in your home or business, you need an AC generator. A sine wave inverter makes it possible for DC power from a solar electric system to be converted into AC power that can be used in a home or business. The global Solar Inverter market size is projected to reach USD 26650 million by 2026, from USD 14600 million in 2019, at a CAGR of 8.9% during 2021-2026. Major factors driving the growth of Solar inverter market size are large inflow of investments in the renewable energy sector, increase in favorable government initiatives and rise in the number of residential solar rooftop installations. Growing demand for renewable energy due to an increase in power consumption along with a decline in the cost of producing renewable energy is expected to drive the growth of solar inverter market size during the forecast period. The cost of producing renewable energy has undergone a very steep decline and is now competitive in meeting the increasing power need. Favorable government initiatives like energy-saving certificates are expected to augment the growth of solar inverter market size. Furthermore, governments across the globe are concentrating on infrastructure growth in their countries to boost the quality of life of their people. The use of solar inverters is further promoted by the growing impact of greenhouse gases and rising environmental problems. Increasing awareness about global warming is expected to boost the solar inverter market growth. Some initiatives by Government of India to boost India’s renewable energy sector are as follows: • In July 2021, to encourage rooftop solar (RTS) throughout the country, notably in rural regions, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy plans to undertake Rooftop Solar Programme Phase II, which aims to install RTS capacity of 4,000 MW in the residential sector by 2022 with a provision of subsidy. • To encourage domestic production, customs duty on solar inverters has been increased from 5% to 20%, and on solar lanterns from 5% to 15%. • India plans to add 30 GW of renewable energy capacity along a desert on its western border such as Gujarat and Rajasthan. • Delhi Government decided to shut down thermal power plant in Rajghat and develop it into 5,000 KW solar park • The Government of India has announced plans to implement a US$ 238 million National Mission on advanced ultra-supercritical technologies for cleaner coal utilization. Key Players: • ABB • SMA Solar Technology • Canadian Solar • SolarEdge Technologies • SunPower • Delta Electronics • Solectria Renewables • Sineng Electric • Hitachi Hi-Rel Power Electronics • Power electronics
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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