Common Facility Centre for Jute
- Raw Material Bank
- Fabric Dyeing Unit
- Fabric Lamination Unit
- Digital & Rotary Printing Unit
- Testing Facilities
- Skilled Development Centre
- Product Research & Development Centre
Jute is a natural and eco-friendly vegetable bast fibre extracted from plants whose stems are used as renewable energy resource and for other diversified uses. The products of Jute fibres are reusable, sustainable and bio-degradable and with environmental protection becoming a non- negotiable issue, jute is fast becoming a preferred fibre across the world.
Jute is used for producing a huge variety of utility products like gunny bags, hessian, ropes, strings, carpets, rugs and clothes, tarpaulins, upholstery and decoration pieces. In recent time jute fibre is also used to manufacturing men’s shirting materials and women’s sarees, salwar-khameez material, after making softness process of the fibre. Linen fabrics are now a days introduced in the textile market of India
The Jute industry occupies an important place in the national economy of India. The Common Facility Centre for development and promotion of jute diversified products will generate self-employment opportunities for people and benefit the peoples in rural areas formed under various state, providing forward linkage with the market for value added products. Jute industry plays an important role in the development and promotion of jute & jute products, processes, marketing and commercialization of technologies for the manufacture of all jute products including jute-diversified and jute technical textiles products and creating awareness of the use of this natural fibre in non-conventional applications.
Objectives of setting up Common Facility Centres (CFCs):
- Engaging established manufacturers, exporters, institution & agencies for making interventions for product identification, skill development programmes, imparting training to member artisans of WSHGs, supply of raw material and finally marketing of finished products.
- Providing modern machinery to the WSHGs required for bulk production;
- Arranging space for undertaking bulk/regular production;
- Arranging space for proper stocking of finished products;
- Provide funds for tool kits to individual beneficiaries through direct bank transfer;
- Provide facilities for online E-marketing/E-Commerce;
- Priority in participation in the fairs organized by NJB;
- Participation in the Design Development workshops;
- Diverting bulk requires, if any, to WSHGs for executions;
- Promoting WSHGs on NJB’s website and other online media;
- Encouraging the formation of Federation of WSHGs for taking charge of operation of CFC.
Raw Material Bank for Exports
The Jute industry occupies an important place in the national economy of India. It is one of the major industries in the eastern region, particularly in West Bengal. Jute, the golden fibre, meets all the standards for safe‘packaging in view of being a natural, renewable, biodegradable and eco-friendly product.
Raw jute crop is an important cash crop to the farmers. Cultivation of raw jute crop provides not only fibre which has industrial use, but jute stick which is used as fuel and building material by the farming community.
- Raw material bank for raw jute should be setup for export requirements. The raw jute available from the Raw Material Bank would be at a competitive price, as raw jute will be procured in bulk quantity during the peak season. Most of the raw jute should be procured during the peak season (e.g. August to October) of availability of jute, from farmers/mukams sufficient to support exports for the entire year.
- Exporters/manufacturers will be able to procure jute from the Raw Material Bank only for exports, on providing the purchase order from the client initially and the bill of lading once the shipment is done.
- The raw material bank will help in removing fluctuation in jute prices and enable exporters to quote stable prices to their customers and also improve their production planning and forecasting. This will further increase the trust and reliability of Indian products among the customers.
Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. It is 100% biodegradable and eco-friendly fiber and do not pollute our environment like plastic products and poly bags. Day by day the demands of jute goods are increasingly rapidly. The India jute industry is an integral part of the Indian Textile Industry. India jute industry is an old industry and it is predominant in the eastern part of India.
|Demand : Past and Future|
|Year||(In ‘000 Metric Tonne)|
The jute textile market in India is expanding in spite of rising competition from synthetic fibres. To push growth in the jute industry, the government of India passed a stricture that at least 90 per cent of the production of food grains and sugar should be packed in jute. Such attempts by the government to revive the jute industry have helped in the consistent growth of jute textile. Jute is predominantly used as a packing material in form of gunny bags but jute fibre applications have a range of uses from home decor like carpets, to fashion accessories, geo-textiles and floor mats.
The India jute industry is an integral part of the Indian Textile Industry. India jute industry is an old industry and it is predominant in the eastern part of India. The jute industry in India engages around 2.6 lakh workers directly and around 1.4 lakh workers indirectly in the allied sectors.
Exports of Jute Goods
Currently, there are 83 composite jute mills in India. West Bengal leads the list with 64 jute mills, followed by Andhra Pradesh, which has seven. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have three mills each. These mills contribute to a diverse range of jute products from gunny bags to home decor items including economical and eco-friendly twill bags, geo-textiles that do not allow easy water penetration, carpets and floor rugs.
India, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand are at present the major producers of Jute, Kenaf and Roselle fibres. India, Bangladesh and China are the large producers. Jute is a natural fiber popularly known as the golden fiber. It is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibers and considered as fiber of the future. Jute is second only to cotton in world’s production of textile fibers. India, Bangladesh, China and Thailand are the leading producers of Jute. It is also produced in southwest Asia and Brazil. The two main types of jute, white jute (Corchorus Capsularies) and dark jute or tossa (Corchorus Olitorius) are grown in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, China and south Asian countries.
Global Production of Raw Jute