Modern Technology of Textile Dyes & Pigments (2nd Revised Edition)


Modern Technology of Textile Dyes & Pigments (2nd Revised Edition)

Author: Dr. H. Panda
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9789381039717
Code: NI67
Pages: 512
Price: Rs. 1,675.00   US$ 150.00

Published: 2016
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Dyestuff sector is one of the core chemical industries in India. There are two types of colorants dyes and pigments. Dyes are soluble substances used to pass color to the substrate and find applications primarily in textiles and leather. Pigments are coloring materials, which are water insoluble. Key end-user industries of pigments include wood-coloring, stone, textiles, paints & coatings, food and metals. Pigment are usually manufactured as dry colorants and grounded into fine powder. The dyes market, meanwhile, largely depends upon the fortunes of its principal end-user, textiles, which account for about 70 percent of the total demand. Their importance has grown in almost every area of an economic activity.

In the colorants market, Asia-Pacific accounts for the largest share. This region is one of the key markets for dyes and pigments production. In the Asia-Pacific, India and China are the important countries contributing towards the growth of colorants market. Rising consumer spending will drive increased demand for colorants in textiles. Increases in value demand will reflect the growing importance of expensive, higher value dyes and pigments that meet increasingly stringent performance standards. Growing demand for high-quality value-added pigments is one of the key factors expected to result in a spurt in growth.

This book describes the various formulae, manufacturing processes and photographs of plant & machinery with supplier’s contact details. The major contents of the book are metal pigments, black pigments, inorganic colour pigments, organic colour pigments, extender pigments, white pigments, photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide pigment, azo pigments, bisazo pyridine pigments, high grade organic pigments, high temperature stable inorganic pigments, anti corrosive pigments, metals and metal ions in pigmentary systems, control of organic pigment dispersion properties, pigments for plastics, rubber & cosmetics, pigments for printing inks, vat dyes, reactive dyes, disperse dyes, direct dyes and sulphur dyes etc.

It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of textile dyes & pigments.

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1. Metal Pigments
Aluminium Powder and Paste
Zinc Powder Pigments
Lead Powder and Paste

2. Black Pigments
Carbon Black

3. Inorganic Colour Pigments
Colour in Pigments
Crystal Form and Shape
Hiding Power and Opacity
Tinting Strength
General Characteristics
Manufacture of Colour Pigments

4. Organic Colour Pigments
Toners and Lakes
General Characteristics
Colour in Organic Materials
Manufacture of Organic Pigments
Spot Tests for Colour Pigments
Commercial Pigments
Lightfastness in Tints

5. Extender Pigments
Type of Extenders

6. White Pigments
General Comparison of White Pigments
White lead Pigments

7. Photocatalytic Activity of Titanium Dioxide Pigment
Pigment Samples
Florida Exposure Series
Statistical Procedures
Results & Discussion
Acrylic Paints
Alkyd Paints

8. Use of Flocculation Gradient in Determining the Efficiency of Titanium Dioxide Utilisation in Paint
States of dispersion
Assessment of degree of flocculation

9. Titanium Dioxide Pigments in Water-reducible and Water soluble vehicles
Procedure of the evaluation
Preliminary tests
Results of the investigation
Optical properties of TiO2 pigments

10. Azo Pigments
Red Pigments
Permanent Reds
The Pyrazolone Red
Yellow Pigments
Manufacture of azo pigments
Coupling Component
Coupling preparation
Preparation of Coupling component

11. Bisazo Pyridone Pigments

12. Novel Gold Colours and Effects with Environmentally Safe-to-use Mica Pigments
New Golden Pearl Lustre Pigment
Gold Colours and Effects
Other Colours Shades

13. Fluorescent Pigments
Pigment Manufacture
Photostability of Fluorescent Pigments
Fluorescent Application
Phosphorescent Luminous Pigments
Properties and Characteristics
Pearl Luster Pigments

14. High Grade Organic Pigments
Azo Condensation
Vat Pigments and Related Compounds
Thioindigo Pigments
Immersion Processes
Perylene-Perinone pigments
Toning White Enamels

15. Phthalocyanines
Methods for formation of pigments from crude
Acid pasting
Concentration of the sulfuric acid
Amounts of the sulfuric acid
Production of b-form pigment by salt grinding
Manufacture of metal free phthalocyanine
Phthalocyanine complexes from metals other than copper
Flocculation, flotation and flooding
Application of phthalocyanine pigments
Phthalocyanine dyes of Textile materials
Phthalocyanine reactive dyes

16 High Temperature Stable Inorganic Pigments

17. New Metal Complex Pigments
Metal complex formation
Results and Discussion

18. Latest Developments in Organic Pigments for Automotive Finishes
Advantages of using Mica Pearl

19. Preparation of Iron Oxide Pigment from Industrial Waste
Preparation of the pigment

20. Anti Corrosive Pigments
Electrochemical theory of Corrosion
Anticorrosive Pigments
Anti corrosive properties of Zinc Dust
Zinc Dust Pigmented coating
Corrosion mechanism
Corrosion mechanism
Good Inter coat Adhesion
Mechanism of Corrosion
Corrosion Control
Preparation of Anti corrosive Pigment Strontium Chromate
Synthetic Lamellar Iron Oxide: a New Pigment for
Anti-corrosive Primers
The need for an improved barrier pigment
Comparisons with traditional iron oxides
Summary and general conclusions

21. An Overview of Aluminium Pigment Technologies
Colour and Sparkle
Distinctness of Image—DOI
Tint strength
Particle size distribution

22. Metals and Metal Ions in Pigmentary Systems

23 Control of Organic Pigment Dispersion Properties
Results and Discussion

24 Advances in the Science and Technology of Pigments
Arylamide Azo Yellows
Azo Red Pigments
Heterocyclic Pigments
Metal Complex Pigments
Surfaces treatment
Environmentally safe chemistry
Novelty and profitability pressures

25 Pigments for Plastics, Rubber and Cosmetics
Selection of pigment
Colouring Techniques
Colouring Thermoplastics
Vulcan Fast and Vulcan Pigments

26. Pigments for Printing Inks
Fastness to Light
Organic pigment for printing ink should offer

27. Vat Dyes
Indigoid Dyes
Thioindigoid Dyes
Anthraquinone Vat Dyes
Chemical Constitution of Quinone Vat Dyes
The Reduction of Quinone Vat Dyes
Vat Dye Dispersions
Reducing Vat Dyes with Hydros
Scheme 1
Scheme 2
Manufacture of Common Vat Dyes
CI Vat Brown 1 CAS 2475-33-4
CI Vat Yellow 2 CAS No. 129-09-9
CI Vat Yellow 4 CAS No. 128-66-5
CI Vat Orange 1 CAS No. 1324-11-4
CI Vat Orange 15 CAS No. 128-70-1 6
CI Vat Blue 20 CAS No. 116-71-2
CI Vat Green 1 CAS No. 128-58-5
Waste Streams of Vat Dye Manufacture

28. Reactive Dyes
Nucleophilic Substitution Systems
Trichloropyrimidine Dyes
The Chloropyridazine Systems
Quinoxaline Derivatives
Chloroacetyl and Bromoacetyl Derivatives
Vinylsulphone Dyes
Acrylamide Dyes
Evidence for Chemical Combination Cellulose
Properties of Reactive Dyes
Types of Reactive Dyes
Reactive Dye Structure

29. Disperse Dyes
Azo Dyes
Anthraquinone Disperse Dyes
Miscellaneous Disperse Dyes
Methine or Styryl Dyes
Coumarm Dyes
Formazine Dyes
Chemical Constitutions of Disperse Dyes
Disperse Dye Dispersions
Fastness Properties of Disperse Dyes
Manufacturing Process

30. Direct Dyes
Chemical Constitution of Direct Dyes
Major Types of Direct Dyes
Cationic Direct Dyes
Anionic Direct Dyes
Classification According to Dyeing Behaviour
Class A
Class B
Class C

31. Sulphur Dyes
Properties of Sulphur Dyes
Sulphurised Vat Dyes
Ready-reduced and Solubilised Sulphur Dyes

32. Photographs of Plant & Machinery with Supplier’s Contact Details

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