Handbook on Paints and Enamels

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Handbook on Paints and Enamels

Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9788178331164
Code: NI214
Pages: 592
Price: Rs. 1,275.00   US$ 125.00

Published: 2009
Publisher: Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
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Paints and enamel industry is gaining ground at a rapid pace in modern time accompanied with closed advance in surface coating technology. They are formulated for specific purposes: outside house paints and exterior varnishes are intended to give good service when exposed to weathering; interior wall paints are formulated to give excellent coverage. Enamel paint is paint that air dries to a hard, usually glossy, finish, used for coating surfaces that are outdoors or otherwise subject to wear or variations in temperature; it should not be confused with decorated objects in painted enamel, where vitreous enamel is applied with brushes and fired in a kiln. Indian paint industry has a bright future. The Indian paints market has the potential to grow over the next decade at 15 to 20 per cent per annum owing to more investments in the housing segment and improving infrastructure ,high growth in the Indian automobile industry, etc. which in turn would mean greater demand for paints, as most people aspire for better lifestyle. Moreover the per capita consumption is also low. The demand for premium category paints is likely to increase with rise in construction of commercial infrastructure. The players with aggressive marketing strategies and comprehensive product portfolios will grow at a faster rate. The emerging trends in technology and marketing indicate that the industry is likely to consolidate in the coming years with industry leaders improving their market share.
Some of the fundamentals of the book are exterior paints, rapid drying stain and blister resistant house paint, exterior white paint, flat exterior paint, exterior alkyd paint, green trim paint, outside white house paint, hi hiding gloss white house paint, white primer, exterior white house paint, speciality paints, book cloth coating, upholstery fabric coating, green epoxy polyamide flexible fire retardant coating, fire retardant clear topcoats, ignition waterproofing seal coating, polyurethane paper coating, fluorescent gravure ink, industrial paints, aluminum baking enamel, gloss black enamel, corrosion resistant baking primer, heat resistant primer, orange baking enamel, purple baking enamel, black baking enamel, red baking enamel, blue baking enamel etc.
This book is the outgrowth offered in the chemistry and chemical engineering of organic polymeric and resinous substances. Needless to say such a book is not available because of the rapidity of growth in the polymer field; it has been difficult to resist the temptation to all with new discoveries and products. The book is emphasized on manufacturing of different types of paints, enamels and allied products. It was purposely made wide, so that the book could be used as a text regardless to particular field of interest. All the chapters are introduced separately with simpler language. The book will be very resourceful for technocrats, new entrepreneurs, industrialists and for those who wants to diversify into this field.

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Contents

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1. Exterior Paints
Rapid-Drying Stain and Blister-Resistant House Paint
Exterior White Paint
Flat Exterior Paint
Exterior Alkyd Paint
Green Trim Paint
Outside White House Paint
Hi-Hiding Gloss White House Paint
White Primer
Exterior White House Paint
Stain and Blister Resistant House Paint
Water-Soluble Linseed Oil Paints
Alkyd-Modified Acrylic House Paint with Zinc Oxide
Exterior Ranch Red House Paint
Flat Exterior White Paint
Exterior Flat
Exterior White Paint
Exterior White Latex House Paint
Exterior White Paintâ€"Alkyd Modified
White Exterior High Solids Acrylic Latex Paint
Java Brown Exterior Finish
Mildew-Resistant Exterior White Paint
Exterior Deep Green-Modified with Alkyd
Semigloss Emulsion Paint
Exterior Semigloss Silicone-Alkyd Copolymer
White Polyvinyl Acetate Latex House Paint
Exterior White Paint
Exterior White Primer
Self-Priming Exterior White Paint
Polyvinyl Acetate Latex Paint
Exterior Copolymer Polyvinyl Acetate Emulsion Paints
Exterior Acrylic Emulsion Paints
Exterior Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Paints
High-Gloss White Exterior
Semigloss White Exterior
High Gloss Green Exterior Paint
Low-Gloss White Exterior
Mildew-Resistant Paint
Architectural Alkyd White Enamel
Alkyd Architectural Gloss Enamel
Alkyd Green Trim and Trellis Enamel
Fast-Drying, High-Gloss Enamel-Interior and Exterior
Exterior Silicone Alkyd Copolymer Gloss Enamel
White Semigloss Enamel
Isophthalic Enamelized House Paint
Exterior Semigloss Latex Trim Paint
Exterior White Enamel
Yellow Trim Enamel
Exterior Vinyl-Acrylic Topcoat Enamel
Latex Trim Paint
Latex Semigloss Enamel
White Gloss Enamel
Vinyl/Acrylic Semigloss Latex Enamel
White Exterior Gloss Trim
Acrylic Emulsion Gloss Latex Enamel
Low-Cost Shingle and Shake Paint
Shake and Shingle Paint
Alkyd Modified Latex House Paint
Self-Priming Exterior Latex Light Tint Base
Exterior Tint Base
Exterior Light Tint Base-Alkyd Modified
Exterior Deep-Tone Tint Base
Exterior Acrylic Latex Tint Base
Tint Base Exterior Gloss Trim
Exterior Acrylic Tint Base
Exterior Poly Vinyl Acetate Tint Base
Exterior Latex Paint Tint Base

Formulation of Exterior Paints


2. Exterior White Paints
Exterior Flat White Paint (Alkyd)
Exterior Flat White Paint (MIL-P-52324) (Alkyd)
Exterior Flat White House Paint (Alkyd)
Exterior Flat White Paint For Cedar Shakes or Masonary Surfaces (Alkyd)
Exterior Flat White Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior Flat White Chalking House Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior Flat White Paint (Oxazoline)
Exterior Low Gloss White House Paint or Exterior Wood Primer (Alkyd)
Exterior Low Gloss White Paint (Two Component: Epoxy-Polyester)
Exterior Low Gloss White House Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior Low Gloss White House-Quality House Paint (Menhaden Oil)
Exterior Semigloss White Paint (Alkyd)
Exterior Semigloss Soft White Nonflammable Paint (Chlorinated Alkyd)
Exterior Semigloss White Paint (Two-Component: Epoxy-Polyester)
Exterior Gloss White Paint (Alkyd)
Exterior Gloss White One Coat House Paint or Exterior Wood Primer (Alkyd)
Exterior Gloss White House Paint (Alkyd/Marine Oil)
Exterior Gloss White Paint (Two-Component: Epoxy-Polyester)
Exterior Gloss White Enamel House Paint (Oxazoline)
Exterior White Satin and Blister Resistant House Paint (Alkyd)
Exterior White One - Coat Chalk - Resistant High - Quality House Paint (Alkyd/Chlorinated Paraffin/Linseed Oil)
Exterior White House Paint (Alkyd/Menhaden Oil)
Exterior White House Paint (Alkyd/Menhaden Oil)
Exterior White House Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior White Fume-Proof House Paint (TT- P- 103B) (Linseed Oil)
Exterior White Low-Cost Stain and Blister Resistant House Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior White Low-Luster House Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior White One- Coat - Hiding House Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior White Top- Quality House Paint (Linseed Oil)
Exterior White Fume- Resistant Paint (TT-P-103B Type) (Oxazoline)
Exterior White High- Solids Low-Luster House Paint (Oxazoline)
Exterior White High- Solids Low-Luster House Paint (Oxazoline)
Exterior White Stain and Blister Resistant House Paint (Resin)
Exterior White Low- Cost Fume Proof House Paint (Soybean Oil)
Exterior White House Paint (Urethane)
Exterior White Low-Cost Fume-Proof House Paint (Urethane)

Formulation


3. Exterior Aluminum Paints and Enamels
Exterior General Purpose Aluminum Paint (Alkyd/Hydrocarbon Resin)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Alkyd/Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Alkyd/Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Hydrocarbon Resin)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Hydrocarbon Resin)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Hydrocarbon Resin)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Hydrocarbon Resin)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Aluminum Paint (Oil Polymer/Phenolic)
Exterior Gloss Aluminum Ready- Mixed Fast- Drying Paint (Oxazoline)
Exterior Aluminum Enamel (Oxazoline)


4. Exterior Tinted Enamels
Exterior Semigloss Blue Enamel (TT-E-490B) (Alkyd)
Exterior Semigloss Gray Enamel (TT-E-490B) (Alkyd)
Exterior Gloss Black Enamel (TT-E-489F) (Alkyd)
Exterior Gloss Black Low- Odor Enamel (Two- Component: Epoxy- Polyester)
Exterior Gloss Black Low- Odor Enamel (Two- Component: Epoxy- Polyester)
Exterior Gloss Brown Trim Enamel (Alkyd)
Exterior Gloss Green Low-Odor Enamel (Two-Component: Epoxy- Polyester)
Exterior Gloss Green Low-Odor Enamel (Two-Component: Epoxy- Polyester)
Exterior Gloss Green Enamel (Oxazoline)
Exterior Gloss Red Low-Odor Enamel (Two Component: Epoxy- Polyester)
Exterior Gloss Yellow Low-Odor Enamel (Two-Component: Epoxy- Polyester)
Exterior Gloss Yellow Enamel (Oxazoline)
Exterior Gloss Yellow Rapid-Drying Trim Enamel (Oxazoline)
Exterior Battleship Gray Enamel (Styrene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Green Rapid-Drying (Alkyd)
Exterior Green Trim and Trellis Enamel (Linseed Oil)
Exterior Green Enamel (Styrene-Acrylate)
Exterior Tile Red Enamel (Styrene-Acrylate)


5. Interior Flat White Paints and Enamels
Interior Flat White Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Acrylic/Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Paint (Latex)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinal Acetate)
Interior Flat White Plant (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Alkyl Maleate)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Ethylene)
Interior Flat White Paint (Vinyl Chloride-Vinyl Acetate-Ethylene)
Interior Flat White Paint (T.T.P-29 H) (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (T.T.P-29H, Type I) (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Medium Quality Flat White Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Medium Quality Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Second Line Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Professional Painter Spray Application Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Inexpensive Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Low-cost Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Low-cost Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Low-cost Odorless Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Low-cost Wall Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Odorless Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Odorless Paint (TT-P-30D) (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Odorless High-Quality Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Odorless Wall Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Thixotropic Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Wall Paint (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Low-cost Wall Paint (Linseed Oil)
Interior Flat White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Low-Luster Eggshell Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Low-Sheen Nonpenetrating Fast-Drying Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Nonpenetrating Fast-drying Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Odorless Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Odorless Wall Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White One-Coat High-Quality Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Thixotropic Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Thixotropic Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Flat White Washable Low-Odor Enamel (Alkyd)


6. Interior Flat Tint Base Paints
Interior Flat Tint Base Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Chloride-Vinyl Acetate-Ethylene
Interior Flat Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat Medium Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat Dark Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Low Cost Flat Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)


7. Interior High Quality Flat White Paints
Interior High Quality Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Wall Paint (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Wall Paint (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Wall Paint (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Wall Paint (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Wall Paint (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Flat White Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Ethylene)
Interior High Quality High Hiding Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Quality High Hiding Flat White Paint [Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic(S)]
Interior High Quality Lower Cost Flat White Paint (Latex)
Interior High Quality Lower Cost Flat White Paint (Latex)
Interior High Quality Lower Cost Flat White Wall Paint (Acrylic)


8. Exterior Masonry Paints and Concrete Enamels
Exterior White Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene)
Exterior White Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene)
Exterior White Masonry Paint (TT-P-97D) (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior White Chalk-Resistant Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Tint Base Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Blue Masonry Paint (TT-P-1181A, Type I) (Styrene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Pink Masonry Paint (TT-P-1181A, Type I) (Styrene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Hansa Yellow Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Mediumtone Red Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Black Masonry Paint (Vinyltoluene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Blue Masonry Paint (TT-P-1181A, Type II) (Styrene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Blue Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Blue Masonry Paint (Vinyl Toluene Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Brown Masonry Paint (TT-P 1181A, Type II) (Styrene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Brown Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Gray Masonry Paint (Styrene-Butadiene/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Green Masonry Paint (TT-P-1181A, Type II) (Styrene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Red Masonry Paint (TT-P-1181A, Type II) (Styrene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Red Masonry Paint (Vinyl Toluene Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Deeptone Yellow Masonry Paint (Vinyl Toluene-Acrylate/Chlorinated Paraffin)
Exterior Aqua Heavy-Duty Concrete Enamel (Urethane)
Exterior Brown Heavy-Duty Concrete Enamel (Urethane)


9. Metal Paints
Acrylic-Nitrocellulose Aircraft
Acrylic Camouflage Lacquer
Acrylic Gray Automotive Lacquer
Acrylic Exterior Can Enamel : Formula No. 1 (Clear)
Acrylic Interior Can Coating
Epoxy Interior-Exterior Can Coating
Phenolic Interior-Exterior Can Coating
Alkyd Coil Coating Enamel
Polyester White Coil Coating
Acrylic Aerosol Metal Paints
Alkyd Airless Spray Metal Paint
Alkyd Aluminum Paint
Alkyd Metal Paint
Alkyd Weldable Metallically Pigmented Coating
Chlorinaed Rubber Steel Paint
Metal Paint

Formulae


10. Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paints
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Styrene-Butadiene)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (TT-P-29H, Type I) (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (TT-P-29J) (Vinyl Acetate Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (TT-P-29J) (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (TT-P-29J) (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Tint Base Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate Copolymer)
Interior Flat White and Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Flat White and Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic(s))
Interior Flat White and Light Tint Base Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Flat White and Light Tint Base Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Hinding Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Hiding Flat White and Light Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior High Sheen Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Intermediate Line Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Intermediate Line Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Intermediate Line Flat White and Tint Base Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)


11. Speciality Paints
Book Cloth Coating
Upholstery Fabric Coating
Green Epoxy-Polyamide Flexible Fire-Retardant Coating
Intumescent Fire Retardant Coating
Fire Retardant Clear Topcoats
Hypalon Paint for Flexible Substrates
Hypalon Paint for Rigid or Semirigid Substrates
Ignition Waterproofing Seal Coating
Polyurethane Paper Coating
Fluorescent Gravure Ink
Alkyd Roof Paint
Asphalt Roof Paint
Synthetic Rubber Roof Coating
Splash Zone Coating
Stencil Paint
Nonskid Paint for Decks and Swimming Pool Borders
Swimming Pool Paint
Traffic Line Paint
Tree Wound Paint
Acrylic Lacquers
Acrylic Automotive Refinish
Decorative Spray Paint
Epoxy Coating for Rigid Substrates

Formulation



12. Masonry Paints
Weather Barrier Mastic Coating
Latex Exterior Masonry Paint
Chlorinated Rubber Swimming Pool and Masonry Paint
Latex Exterior Paint for Wood and Masonry
Latex Stucco and Masonry Paint
Latex Multipurpose Masonry Paint
Acrylic Masonry Floor Paint
Latex Interior Concrete Floor Paint


13. Interior Low Cost Flat White Paints
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paints (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Flat White Wall Paint (TT-P-29D) (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Low Cost High Hiding Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Low Cost High Hiding Flat White Paints (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Lower Cost Flat White Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)
Interior Lower Cost Flat White Wall Paint (Vinyl Acetate-Acrylic)


14. Industrial Paints
Aluminum Baking Enamel
Gloss Black Enamel
Corrosion-Resistant Baking Primer
Heat-Resistant Primer
Orange Baking Enamel
Purple Baking Enamel
Black Baking Enamel
Red Baking Enamel
Blue Baking Enamel
Yellow Baking Enamel
White Baking Enamel
White Kitchen Cabinet Enamel
White Enamel for Appliances
Gray Corrosion-Resistant Baking Enamel
Gloss Baking Enamel
White Metal Decorating Enamel
Gray, High-Speed Baking Primer
Clear Baking Enamel
Gray Epoxy-Urea Flexible Baking Finish
Epoxy-Polyurethane Finish Coat
Unpigmented Baking Finish
Clear Chemical-Resistance Epoxy-Phenolic Baking Finish
General Purpose Epoxy Flash-Dry Primer
Epoxy Gloss Enamel
White Fast Baking Epoxy-Urea Enamel
General Purpose Epoxy Flash-Dry Primer
Epoxy Flat White Baking Enamel
Clear Fast Baking Epoxy-Urea Finish for Brass
Epoxy Water-Soluble Maintenance Enamels
One Component, Stain-Resistant Baked Enamel
Thermosetting Acrylic Appliance Finish
Clear Coating for Metal
White Baking Enamel
Heat-Resistant Metal Topcoat
White Baking Enamel
White Baking Enamel for Metal Decorating
Acrylic General-Purpose Enamel
White High-Gloss Water-Reducible Industrial Baking Enamel


15. Enamels
Alkyd Enamel
Latex Semigloss White or Light Tint Base Enamel
Latex Interior Flat Enamel
Polyester High Gloss Metallized Enamel
Polyurethane Gloss White Enamel
Acrylic Aluminum Enamel
Alkyd Floor Enamel
Acrylic Color-Retentive, General-Purpose Enamel
Acrylic Gloss White Enamel
Acrylic Gloss Black Enamel
Acrylic Tintable Eggshell Enamel
Acrylic Water-Reducible Enamel
Acrylic Latex Enamel
Acrylic-Urethane White Enamel
Alkyd White Enamel
Alkyd Red Enamel
Alkyd Blue Enamel
Alkyd Black Enamel
Alkyd Interior Orange Enamel
Alkyd Interior Toluidine Red Enamel
Alkyd Chrome Yellow Enamel
Epoxy Enamel
Epoxy-Polyamide Enamel
Epoxy-Polyester Enamel
Epoxy-Urea/Formaldehyde Enamel
Latex White Enamel
Latex Eggshell Enamel
Polyester White Enamel
Triamino Ester White Enamel
Acrylic White Spray Enamel
Acrylic-Modified Alkyd Spray Enamel
Alkyd Aerosol Enamel
Polyester White Spray Enamel

Formulation


16. Interior Paints
Flat Wall Paints
Acrylic Flat Wall Paint
Alkyd Flat Wall Paint
Latex Flat Wall Paint
PV Acetate Interior Flat Paint
PV Acrylic Interior Flat Wall Paint
Styrene-Acrylic Interior Flat Paint
Styrene-Acrylic Ceiling or Wall Paint
Styrene-Acrylic Interior Ceiling Paint
Vinyl Acetate Exterior-Interior Flat Paint
Vinyl-Acrylic Interior Flat Wall Paint
Acrylic White Interior Topcoat
Alkyd Interior White Finish Coat
Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Paint
Latex Interior White Flat Paint
PV Acetate Interior White Paint
Acrylic Interior Enamel
Alkyd Interior Enamel
Latex Interior Enamel
Acrylic Dry-Ground Deep Tone Paint
Acrylic Economy Tint Base
Acrylic Interior Flat Universal Tint Base
Acrylic Interior Eggshell Tint Base
Latex Tint Base
Vinyl Acrylic Flat Tint Base
Styrene-Acrylic Interior Textured Finish
Vinyl Acetate Textured Paint
Latex Interior-Exterior Emulsion Paint

Formulae




17. Varnishes, Lacquers and Wood Finishes
Butyrate-Acrylic Wood Lacquers
Acrylic Aqueous Lacquer
Black Acrylic Lacquer
Thermoplastic Air-Dry Acrylic/Butyrate Wood Lacquer
Gloss White Flexible Butyrate Lacquer
Pigmented Nitrocellulose Lacquer
Nitrocellulose Lacquer
Butyrate-Amino Paper Lacquers
Cellulose Nitrate Paper Lacquer
Alkyd Overprint Varnish
Epoxy Ester Floor Varnish
Acrylic Tradesales Brushing Varnish
Acrylic Wood Finish
Alkyd Modified Flexible Polyester Wood Coating
Catalyzed Wood Topcoat
Polyester, Clear, Force-Drying Wood Finish
Unsaturated Polyester Wood Coating
Vinyl Acrylic Wood Finish for Spray


18. Interior Gloss White Enamels
Interior Gloss White Nonyellowing Enamel (Acrylic-Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (TT-E-506C) (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Fast-Drying Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Fast-Drying Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Fast-Drying Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White High-Hiding Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White High-Quality Easy-Working Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White High-Quality Nonyellowing Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Low-Cost Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Nonpenetrating Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Odorless Architectural Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Top-Quality Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Alkyd/Hydrocarbon Resin)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Two-Component: Epoxy-Curing Agent)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Two-Component: Epoxy-Polyester)
Interior Gloss White General-Purpose Enamel (Hydrocarbon Resin/Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Enamel (Oxazoline)
Interior Gloss White Fast-Drying, Mildew-Resistant Enamel (Oxazoline)
Interior Gloss White Painters Enamel (Oxazoline-Alkyd)
Interior Gloss White Fast-Drying Enamel (Urethane)
Interior Gloss White General-Purpose Color-Retentive Enamel (Urethane)
Interior Gloss White Fast-Drying Utility Enamel (Vinyl Toluene)


19. Primers
Red Iron Oxide Silicone Primer
Basic Silico-Chromate Micaceous Iron Oxide Primer for Shop-Coat Application
Primer for Use in Conjunction with Micaceous Iron Oxide Corrosion-Resistant Top Coat
White Metal Primer
General Purpose Flash Dry Primer (Epoxy)
Zinc-Rich Primer
White Brushing Primer
Brown Aerosol Primer
Zinc Chromate Primer
Zinc Dust Primer
Quick-Set Primer (PVAC)
Exterior Primer
Thixotropic Zinc Chromate Primer for Two-Coat Maintenance Systems
Zinc Rich Primer
General-Purpose or Elevated-Temperature Metal Primer
One-Component Metal Primer
Universal Metal Primers
Exterior Primer for Nonstaining Woods


20. Interior Semigloss Enamels
Interior Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Medium Glass White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Medium Gloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior High Quality Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Low Cost Semigloss White Enamel (Vinyl Acetate)
Interior Moderate Cost Semigloss White Enamel (Acrylic)
Interior Semigloss White and Tint Base Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Semigloss White and Tint Base Enamel (Alkyd)
Interior Semigloss White And Tint Base Enamel (Vinyl Acetate Acrylic)
Interior Semigloss White and Tint Base Enamel (Vinyl Acetate Acrylic)
Interior High Semigloss White and Tint Base Enamel (Alkyd/Acrylic)




^ Top

Sample Chapters


(Following is an extract of the content from the book)
Hide Down

Exterior Paints

Paints with a low pigment load usually have exterior durability. The large binder content provides the film matrix required to withstand exterior conditions. The pigment volume concentration (PVC) is usually well under 40 percent.

The low PVC (i.e. high binder) results in a strongly bound, highly resistant film possessing the following variable qualities  good weathering, glossiness, resistance to specific chemicals and abrasion. The formulas presented in this chapter possess one or more of these characteristics to a greater or lesser degree.

Has very good application and nonpenetration properties with good tint retention and mildew resistance. However, like all exterior flats, durability is not as good as conventional linseed oil paints. Where a flat exterior is desired we strongly recommend using this over a suitable primer for both new and repaint work for good durability.

In severe mildew areas use of phenyl mercury preservative is suggested.

Calcium Carbonate Pigment in Water Soluble Linseed Oil Paints

The introduction of a water soluble linseed oil paint vehicle has stimulated a great deal of interest in the paint industry. This interest was created by the novel approach of having the proven durability of linseed oil combined with the desired convenience of water cleanup.

One of the advantages of this type of water soluble linseed oil system is that it can be formulated at higher solids volume than most resin emulsion type systems  however, not as high solids as is true for conventional linseed oil paints. Even higher solids can be obtained in Linaqua systems by the incorporation of ground calcite extender pigments. Thus the use of such extenders should give longer film life.

A lower amount of zinc oxide is required in calcium carbonate containing paints to adequately control mildew growth than is necessary when such products are formulated with other commonly used grads of extender pigments. Therefore, this is an additional economic advantage when ground calcite extenders are used.

A few outstanding features which Linaqua type paints display are 1) ease of application (i.e. as compared to conventional linseed oil paints), 2) high gloss, and 3) easy cleanup of brushes and tools with water. These are properties, which are quite appealing to the  do it yourself  consumer.

Exterior Ranch Red House Paint      

(Alkyd Acrylic)     

Igepal CTA 639 effectively emulsfies alkyd and oil additives used to improve adhesion of exterior paints to chalky or smooth surfaces. It is unique in stabilization of alkyd water emulsions to produce excellent clean up, can stability, and color development in this type of paint.

Baker Comment

The Castung 235 modified latex paints were applied over oil primer and exposed after August 15, which is considered the most difficult time of the year. No intercoat peeling or blistering occurred even on the bottom edge of the panels after 3 years of exposure.

Exterior White Paints

Physical Constants

Viscosity  90 100 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  46.0%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  30.4% by weight

Weight per Gallon  11.31 pounds

Key Properties

Very good application and nonpenetration properties

Good tint retention and mildew resistance

Good durability when applied over a TT P 25a type primer for both new and repaint work

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

Increased viscosity

Controlled penetration

Formulation Note 

Include an agent in the quantity needed to obtain consistency as shown for good brushability, sag resistance and suspension. Use an agent which will not flocculate the pigment to avoid loss of hiding and tinting strength.

Physical Contents

Viscosity   82 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  12.31 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  50.0%

60º Gloss   1 to 4

Key Properties

Designed to avoid flashing over surfaces of varying porosity

Excellent hiding and chalk resistance

Excellent overall properties

Physical Constants

Pigment Volume Concentration   58%

Viscosity   85 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon   11.55 pounds

Key Properties

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

Increased viscosity

Controlled penetration

Formulation Note 

Include an agent in the quantity needed to obtain consistency as shown, for good brushability, sag resistance and suspension. Use an agent, which will not flocculate the pigment to avoid loss of hiding and tinting strength.

Physical Constants

Viscosity   100 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  13.07 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration   48.5%

60º Gloss   1 to 4

Key Properties

Designed to avoid flashing over surfaces of varying porosity

Excellent hiding and chalk resistance

Excellent overall properties

Formulation Note

This formula should be used over an alkyd wood primer.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  85 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  38%

Weight per Gallon  13.67 pounds

Key Properties

Corrosion resistant in the can and applied film

Resistant to mold and bacteria

Chalk, stain and fire resistant

Increased color retention

Physical Constants

Viscosity  99 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  47.5%

Weight per Gallon  12.88 pounds

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  37.3% by weight

Key Properties

Good adhesion

Excellent application properties

Excellent durability in exterior exposure

Good color and tint retention

Good chemical and corrosion resistance

Mildew resistant, even without mercury.

Formulation Note

Include an agent in the quantity needed to obtain consistency as shown for good brushability, sag resistance and suspension. Use an agent which will not flocculate the pigment to avoid loss of hiding and tinting strength.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  85 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  12.08 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  40.0%

60º Gloss  5 to 12

Key Properties

Excellent hiding and chalk resistance

Excellent overall properties

Physical Constants of Blend

Viscosity  65 75 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  38.4%

Total Solids Content  74.6% by weight

Total Solids Content  57.8% by volume

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  52.6% by weight

Weight per Gallon  12.82 pounds

60º Gloss  10

Key Properties

Thixotropic with no increased viscosity

Good color development

Excellent initial color and color retention

Outstanding pigment and filler suspension

Suppressed floating and flooding

Formulation Note

Include an agent in the quantity needed to obtain consistency as shown for good brushability, sag resistance and suspension. Use an agent, which will not flocculate the pigment to avoid loss of hiding and tinting strength.

Physical Constants                          

Viscosity  90 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  12.50 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  40.6%

60º Gloss  5 to 12

Key Properties              

Excellent overall properties

Excellent hiding and chalk resistance

Physical Constants

Viscosity  90 100 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  11.62 pounds

Fineness of Grind  4

Nonvolatile Vehicle Content  54.6% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  35.5%

Pigment Content  50.9% by weight 

Key Properties    

Easy brushabilty

Durable, color retentive film

Reduced sagging tendencies

Increased elasticity and flexibility

Economical formulation of quality exterior finish

Formulation Notes

     Approximately 25 pounds of zinc oxide (fine particle size) should be included to resist yellowing when used on interior surfaces.

The lower level of Busan 11 M1 will be sufficient in areas, which are not considered severe mold environments.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  82 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  25%

Weight per Gallon  9.97 10.28 pounds

Key Properties

Corrosion resistant in the can and applied film

Resistant to mold and bacteria

Chalk, stain and fire resistant

Increased color retention

Can be used for severe molding environments.

Key Properties

Excellent fire retardant properties

Good initial gloss and gloss retention

Good durability and water resistance

Good exterior durability

Formulation Note

Blend formula one   to   one by volume on the job.

Physical Constants of Blend

Viscosity  60 70 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  24.3%

Total Solids Content  70.1% by weight

Total Solids Content  53.4% by volume

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  54.0% by weight

Weight per Gallon  11.65 pounds

600 Gloss  70 80

Key Properties

Thixotropic with no increased viscosity

Good color development

Excellent initial color and color retention

Outstanding pigment and filler suspension

Suppressed floating and flooding   

Formulation Notes

Include an agent in the quantity needed to obtain consistency as shown for good brushability, sag resistance and suspension. Use an agent, which will not flocculate the pigment to avoid loss of hiding and tinting strength.

Physical Constants                

Viscosity  82 Krebs units

Weight per Gallon  11.18 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  30.0%

60º Gloss  50 to 70

Contrast Ratio at 550 Square Feet per Gallon  0.98

Key Properties

Excellent hiding and chalk resistance

Excellent overall properties

Formulation Note

Use finely pulverized grade of calcium oxide to prevent zinc oxide seeding. Add to the grind just prior to the zinc oxide addition.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  85 90 Krebs Units

Fineness of Grind  5 6

Nonvolatile Vehicle Content  51.5% by weight

Pigment Content  41.4% by weight

Gloss  70 80

Weight per Gallon  10.33 pounds

Key Properties

Economical formulation

Excellent initial gloss and gloss retention

Excellent water resistance and weathering

Fair alkali resistance

Outstanding flexibility and durability

Formulation Note

Blend formula one   to   one by volume on the job.

Exterior Tinted Enamels

Key Properties

Meets Federal Specification TT E 490B

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

     Increased viscosity

     Controlled penetration

Key Properties

Meets Federal Specification TT E 490B

Meets MIL Std. 795

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

Increased viscosity

Controlled penetration

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  42.5% by weight

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  40.7% by weight

Pigment Content  3.2% by weight

Viscosity  Ford Cup No. 4  100 120 seconds

Weight per Gallon  7.57 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent durability

High gloss and gloss retention

Good brushing and Flow. Fast drying with positive through dry

Hard, slick film

Meets Federal Specification TT E  489F

Physical Constants of Enamel Blend

Total Solids Content  58.7% by weight

Total Solids Content  48.3% by volume

Viscosity  60   65 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  8.58 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  3.3%

Key Properties

Excellent color and color retention

Low color

Conventional pigmentation

Durable  highly resistant to water, heat, chemicals and wear

Economical

Easily applied

Simple to use easy ratios to mix

Excellent adhesion

Brilliant initial gloss with superior gloss retention

Good curing properties

Physical Constants of Enamel Blend

Total Solids Content  54.9% by weight     

Total Solids Content  46.8% by volume

Weight per Gallon  8.86 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  3.3%

Key Properties

Excellent color and color retention

Low odor

Conventional pigmentation

Durable  highly resistant to water, heat, chemicals, solvents alkalies and wear

Economical because of outstanding performance characteristics and high film build

Easy application by brush or roller

Simple to use because of easy mixing

Excellent adhesion

Good curing properties

Formulation Note

Replace Aroplaz 1085  M  50 Alkyd Resin Solution with Aroplaz 7307  M  50 Alkyd Resin Solution for faster drying.

 Physical Constants

Viscosity  82 85 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  8.68 pounds     

Pigment Volume Concentration  10.0%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  47.7% by weight

Key Properties

Fast drying

Very high gloss and good gloss retention

Good flow and adhesion

Excellent resistance to chalking on exterior exposure

Physical Constants of Enamel Blend

Total Solids Content  66.7% by weight

Total Solids Content  52.5% by volume

Viscosity  60 65 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  9.82 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  12.0%

Key Properties

Excellent color and color retention

Low odor

Conventional pigmentation

Durable highly resistant to water, heat, chemicals and wear

Economical

Easily applied

Simple to use easy ratios to mix

Excellent adhesion

Brilliant initial gloss with superior gloss retention

Good curing properties

Physical Constants of Enamel Blend

Total Solids Content  58.0% by weight

Total Solids Content  66.2% by volume

Viscosity  65 70 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  10.30 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  12.4%

Key Properties

Excellent color and color retention

Low odor

Conventional pigmentation

Durable highly resistant to water, heat, chemicals, solvents, alkalies and wear

Economical because of outstanding performance characteristics and high film build

Easily application by brush or roller

Simple to use because of easy mixing

Excellent adhesion

Good curing properties

Brilliant initial gloss with superior gloss retention

Physical Constants

Viscosity, Ford Cup No. 4 (Initial)  155 seconds

Viscosity, Ford Cup No. 4 (One Month)  160 seconds

Total Solids Content  54.7% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  17.5%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  41.7% by weight

Weight per Gallon  8.39 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent gloss and gloss retention

Good intercoat adhesion

Excellent salt spray resistance

Outstanding durability on exposure

Good package stability

Physical Constants of Enamel Blend

Total Solids Content  69.0% by weight

Total Solids Content  53.9% by volume

Viscosity (Fresh)  60 65 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  10.19 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent color and color retention

Low odor

Conventional pigmentation

Durable highly resistant to water, heat, chemicals and wear

Economical because of outstanding performance characteristics and high film build

Easy application by brush or roller

Simple to use because of easy mixing

Excellent adhesion

Good curing properties

Dries relatively fast

Excellent tint retention

Brilliant initial gloss with superior gloss retention

Physical Constants of Enamel Blend

Total Solids Content  70.6% by weight

Total Solids Content  52.9% by volume

Viscosity (Fresh)  60 65 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  10.99 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  14.0%

Key Properties

Excellent color and color retention

Low odor

Conventional pigmentation

Durable highly resistant to water, heat, chemicals and wear

Economical

Easily applied

Simple to use easy ratios to mix

Excellent adhesion

Brilliant initial gloss with superior gloss retention

Good curing properties

Physical Constants

Viscosity, Ford Cup No. 4 (Fresh)  98 seconds

Viscosity, Ford Cup No. 4 (One Month)  99 seconds

Total Solids Content  62.0% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  17.5%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  41.7% by weight

Weight per Gallon  9.02 pounds

Key Properties

Good intercoat adhesion

Outstanding durability on exposure

Superior salt spray resistance

Excellent gloss and gloss retention

Good package stability

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  64.1% by weight

Viscosity (Fresh)  80 Krebs Units

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  51.3% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  10.7%

Weight per Gallon  9.29 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent weathering characteristics

Outstanding one coat hold out and gloss retention over old weathered siding

Excellent working properties

Excellent water, solvent and chemical resistance

Good mar resistance, good gloss and flexibility

Rapid, positive drying

Formulation Note

The Viscasil 60,000 Silicone Fluid is 0.001% of the finished paint, which can be added as 1% master solution in solvent.

Physical Constants

Total solids content  46.6% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  26.0%

Weight per Gallon  9.04 pounds

Key properties

Outstanding resistance to chemicals, water and ultraviolet light

Dries rapidly to form a tough, hard film, which adheres well to a variety of substrates

Excellent pigment binding properties

Very good aging properties

Lowered rate of transmission of water vapor through the enamel film.

Formulation Note

Reduce to spray viscosity of approximately 37% solids with xylene.

Physical Constants

Weight per Gallon  8.37 pounds

Total Solids Content  48.0% by weight

Key Properties

Fast air drying speed

Durable

Formulation Note

Cykelin 70 may be blended with other oils, but compatibility should be checked first.

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  67.5% by weight

Viscosity  80 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  9.29 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  20.8%

Vehicle Solids Content  56% by weight

Key Properties

Easily applied

Proven durability under field conditions

Low cost

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  48.4% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  25.7%

Weight per Gallon  9.31 pounds

Key Properties

Outstanding resistance to chemicals, water and ultraviolet light

Dries rapidly to form a tough, hard film, which adheres well to a variety of substrates.

Excellent pigment binding properties

Very good aging properties

Lowered rate of transmission of water vapor through the enamel film.

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  45.9% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  25.8%

Weight per Gallon  9.03 pounds

Key Properties

Outstanding resistance to chemicals, water and ultraviolet light

Dries rapidly to form a tough, hard film, which adheres well to a variety of substrates

Excellent pigment binding properties

Very good aging properties

Lowered rate of transmission of water vapor through the enamel film.

Interior Flat White Paints and Enamels

Physical Constants

Viscosity  (Initial)  97 Krebs Units

Viscosity (After Two Weeks at 120ºF and Two Months at 77ºF)  97 Krebs Units

Fineness of Grind (Hegman North Standard)  6

Weight per Gallon  11.18 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent freeze thaw resistance

Excellent package stability, including liquid separation, settling and ease of remixing.

Improved film properties

Improved wear properties  resistance to scrubbing and abrasion

More color acceptance and color stability resistance to fading

Improved adhesion to the substrate and paint layers

Good enamel holdout

Excellent stain removal

Some flatting and burnishing resistance

Better sanding characteristics

Excellent fineness of grind

Low binder demand

Physical Constants

Viscosity  94 Krebs Units

Nonvolatile Content  26.8% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  56.1%

Critical Pigment Volume Concentration  44.0%

pH  9.6

Contrast Ratio (1.0 mil)  0.974

Contrast Ratio (1.5 mils)  0.988

Contrast Ratio (3.0 mils)  0.996

60º Gloss  1.6

85º Sheen  2.6

Freeze Thaw Stability  Passes five cycles

Weight per Gallon  10.99 pounds

Key Properties

Provides ideal balance between dripless properties and gelling time to guarantee proper leveling

Highly desirable rheological and physical performance properties

High degree to thixotropy with good viscosity stability

Improved suspension of pigments

Little sagging and excellent film build

Reduced water sensitivity

Good brush out with no dragging and no dripping

Fair to good rollout leveling with no dragging and acceptable splattering

Formulation Note

Adjust pH to 9.0 with Ammonium Hydroxide (28%)

Physical Constants

Weight per Gallon  11.56 ponds

Key Properties

The optical properties of the prime pigments are retained by the use of Al Sil Ate W Aluminum Silicate, while lowering the cost of the formulation

Physical Constants

Viscosity  92 Krebs Unis

Nonvolatile Content  26.8% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  56.1%

Critical Pigment Volume Concentration  41.4%

pH  9.9

Contrast Ratio (1.0 mil)  0.982

Contrast Ratio (1.5 mils)  0.987

Contrast Ratio (3.0 mils)  0.997

60º Gloss  1.6

85º Sheen  4.9

Freeze Thaw Stability  Passes five cycles

Weight per Gallon  10.99 pounds

Key Properties

Provides ideal balance between dripless properties and gelling time to guarantee proper leveling

Highly desirable rheological and physical performance properties

High degree of thixotropy

Improved suspension of pigments

Little sagging and excellent film build

Reduced water sensitivity

Good viscosity stability

Good brush out with no dragging and no dripping

Good rollout leveling with no dragging and acceptable splattering

Physical Constants

Viscosity  77 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  59% by weight

Total Solids Content  39% by volume

pH   9.3

Pigment Volume Concentration  61%

Fineness of Grind (Hegman North Standard)  4.5

Weight per Gallon  12.52 pounds

Formulation Notes

1.  Adjust pH to 9.5 with Ammonium Hydroxide (28%)

2.  Aroplaz 1271 Alkyd Resin should be drier treated

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Initial)  72 75 Krebs Units

Viscosity (24 Hours)  84 88 Krebs Units

Viscosity (One Month)   92 95 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content   41.0% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration. 40.0%

Weight per Gallon   11.82 pounds

Key Properties

Good appearance and leveling

Freeze thaw stable

Oven stability equal to hydroxyethylcellulose thickener use

Good roller stability and spatter resistance

Rheolate 1 Rheological Additive is remarkably easy to incorporate, requires a low level of use and provides a smooth, uniform paint consistency

Enzyme resistant

Physical Constants

Viscosity   75 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content   48.0% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration   68.5%

pH   8.0

Weight per Gallon   11.28 pounds

Key Properties

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Lower cost formulation, by elimination of titanium dioxide

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Physical Constants

Viscosity   82 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content   53% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration   48.5%

Weight per Gallon   11.94 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity   74 Krebs Units

Fineness of Grind (Hegman)   4

Pigment Volume Concentration   56%

Contrast Ratio   91.9

60º Gloss (Sealed and Unsealed Paper)   2

85º Sheen (Sealed and Unsealed Paper)   44

Weight per Gallon   11.93 pounds

Key Properties

Better leveling and flow

Improved scrub resistance

Improved burnishing

Higher critical pigment volume concentration with lower costs

Significant raw material savings

Physical Constants

Viscosity   83 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  60% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration   70.0%

Weight per Gallon   12.68 pounds

Formulation Note

Methocel Thickener is available in various viscosity grades.

Physical Constants

Viscosity   80 Krebs Units

Reflectance   91.5%

85º Sheen  6%

Contrast Ratio (3 Mil Wet Film)   0.974

Enamel Holdout   60

Weight per Gallon   11.47 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity   83 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  70.1%

Weight per Gallon   12.65 pounds

Key Properties

The optical properties of the prime pigments are retained by the use of Al Sil Ate W Aluminum Silicate, while lowering the cost of the formulation.

Physical Constants

Viscosity   98 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content   50% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration   60%

Weight per Gallon   11.65 pounds

Key Properties

Improved body and brush pick up while maintaining smooth and even flow

Formulation Note

Methocel Thickener is available in various viscosity grades.

Physical Constants

Weight per Gallon  11.90 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity   90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content   49.2% by weight

Total Solids Content   29.86% by volume

85º Sheen   4.0

Scrub Test (20  Lava  Soap Solution)  840 strokes

Weight per Gallon   11.63 pounds

Key Properties

Low water demand

Good scrub resistance

Raw material cost savings

Good dry hide, tinting strength and enamel hold out

Physical Constants

Viscosity. 98 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content   52.3% by weight

Total Solids Content   33.8% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration   53.0%

Weight per Gallon   11.85 pounds

Key Properties

Superior wet adhesion

Physical Constants

Viscosity   85 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content   55.3% by weight

Total Solids Content   34.8% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration   60.0%

Weight per Gallon  12.24 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Hydroxyethylcellulose)   84 Krebs Units

Viscosity (Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose)   95 Krebs Units

Nonvolatile Content   33.2% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration   47.1%

Critical Pigment Volume Concentration   47.4%

pH  7.8

Contrast Ratio (1.0 mil) (HEC)   0.913 (HPMC)   0.894

Contrast Ratio (1.5 mils) (HEC)   0.964 (HPMC)   0.952

Contrast Ratio (3.0 mils) (HEC)  0.983 (HPMC)   0.973

60º Gloss   1.5

85º Sheen   1.0 1.2

Weight per Gallon   11.25 pounds

Key Properties

Provides ideal balance between dripless properties and gelling time to guarantee proper leveling

Highly desirable rheological and physical performance properties

High degree of thixotropy

Improved suspension of pigments

Little sagging and excellent film build

Reduced water sensitivity

Good viscosity stability

Good brush and roller application properties

Physical Constants

Viscosity   78 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  57.0%

Nonvolatile Content   34.0% by volume

Scrubbability (TT.P. 29G)   2,500+ cycles

60º Gloss 0.9

85º Sheen   0.5

Weight per Gallon   11.93 pounds

Key Properties

Withstands microbial degradation better than organic thickened formulations

Physical Constants

Pigment Volume Concentration  60%

Nonvolatile Content   23.7% by volume

Viscosity (Initial)   79 Krebs Units

Viscosity (After four weeks)  85 Krebs Units

Hiding Power at 0.98 CR  567 sq ft per gallon

Scrubbability (2% lvory Soap Solution)   3,250

K&N Holdout   32.5%

Stain Removal (Cycles to Remove) Pencil   4

Stain Removal (Cycles to Remove) Carbon Smudge   20

Stain Removal (Cycles to Remove) Wax Crayon   35

60º Gloss (Before Washing)   3.2

60º Gloss (After Washing)   3.2

Weight per Gallon   10.95 pounds

Key Properties

Good brush leveling

Easily dispersed

Stable suspension

Good thixotropy

Improved hiding

Increased scrub resistance and hiding

Interior Flat Tint Base Paints

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Initial)   67 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration 46.8%

Angular Sheen  Low

Enamel Holdout  75º

Reflectance  89.1

Contrast Ratio  0.929

Weight per Gallon  11.53 pounds

Key Properties

Improved color and sheen uniformity on overlap

Reduced or eliminated streaking characteristics

Calcium carbonate plus Al Sil Ate W Aluminum Silicate usage allows substantial reduction in amounts of titanium dioxide in formula

Improved overall performance of formula with substantially lower raw material cost

Good brightness

Formulation is at optimum pigment volume level

Formulation Note

Either Tamol 850 Dispersant or an equivalent is specifically recommended to prevent viscosity build up upon aging.

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  51% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  53%

Weight per Gallon  11.58 pounds

Key Properties

Superior scrub or wet abrasion resistance

Excellent fusion characteristics and low temperature performance

Good touch up properties

Lower cost with comparable performance properties

Minimum viscosity rise upon aging

Good color acceptance for universal color systems

Physical Constants

Viscosity   79 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  55%

Hiding (White Paints)

Reflectance over Black  89.8

Reflectance over White  92.8

Contrast Ratio  0.968

Weight per Gallon  11.60 pounds

Key Properties

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Good scrubbability and stain resistance

Fair color matching characteristics

Physical Constants

Viscosity   78 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  52%

Hiding (White Paints)

Reflectance over Black  90.3

Reflectance over White  93.3

Contrast Ratio  0.968

Weight per Gallon  11.20 pounds

Key Properties

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Good scrubbability and stain resistance

Excellent color matching characteristics

Physical Constants

Viscosity   78 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  48%

Hiding (White Paints)

Reflectance over Black  90.6

Reflectance over White  93.7

Contrast Ratio   0.967

Weigh per Gallon  10.69 pounds

Key Properties

Improved rheological properties with better flow and  leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Excellent scrubbability

Good stain resistance

Excellent color matching characteristics

Physical Constants

Viscosity   102 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  51.7% by weight

Total Solids Content  33.52% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  56.62%

pH  9.2

Weight per Gallon  11.50 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity   101 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  51.07% by weight

Total Solids Content  33.52% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  56.62%

pH  9.25

Weight per Gallon  11.35 pounds

Formulation Note

Methocel Thickener is available in various viscosity grades.

Physical Constants

Weight per Gallon  11.09 pounds

Viscosity  85 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  49.8% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  46.2%

Key Properties

The optical properties of the prime pigments are retained by the use of Al Sil Ate W Aluminum Silicate, while lowering  the cost of the formulation.

Formulation Note

Tint with Tenneco Colortrend 8800 series colorants at two ounces per gallon.

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Overnight)  108 115 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  47.1% by weight

Total Solids Content  29.5% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  65.2%

pH  7.2 7.5

Weight per Gallon  11.29 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent mechanical and chemical stability

Very good rheological and flow properties

Greately increased protection against cellulolytic enzymes

Equivalent properties to paints prepared with competitive commercial cellulosic thickeners

 

Interior High Quality Flat White Paints

Physical Constants

Viscosity   90 95 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  32% by weight

Total Solids Content  47.2% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  40.3%

60º Gloss  3

85º Gloss (Sheen)  4

Weight per Gallon  11.01 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Overnight)   90 95 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  54.1% by weight

Total Solids Content  34.7% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  51.0%

pH  7.5 8.0

Contrast Ratio  0.985 0.990

Reflectance  0.935 0.940

85º Angular Sheen  16

Weight per Gallon  11.88 pounds

Key Properties

Increased film build and hiding

Increased yield

Physical Constants

Total Solids content  51% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  49%

Weight per Gallon  11.58 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent toughness, scrub resistance and durability

High quality color and touch up properties

Excellent color development

Good flexibility

Formulation Note

Adjust pH, as necessary, with Potassium Carbonate (10% Solution).

Physical Constants

Viscosity   90 95 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  54.3% by weight

pH  8.0 8.5

Pigment Volume Concentration  54.2%

Weight per Gallon  10.88 pounds

Key Properties

High Quality

Very good flow and leveling

Excellent enamel holdout and scrub resistance

Excellent low temperature coalescence

Mercury free

Formulation Note

Adjust pH with Potassium Carbonate (10% Solution).

Physical Constants

Viscosity   90 95 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  54.7% by weight

pH  8.0 8.5

Pigment Volume Concentration  54.7%

Weight per Gallon  11.81 pounds

Key Properties

High hiding white paint

Good flow and leveling

Excellent enamel holdout

Excellent scrub resistance

Excellent low temperature coalescence

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Initial)  98 Krebs Units

Viscosity (Equilibrated Unsheared)  104 Krebs Units

Viscosity (Equilibrated Sheared)  93 Krebs Units

ICI Viscosity  1.15 poises

Total Solids Content  33.4% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  59.5%

pH (Initial)  9.5

Weight per Gallon  11.80 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent interior paint

Very good leveling and film build characteristics

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  57.2% by weight

Total Solids Content  40.3% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  37.5%

Weight per Gallon  11.59 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent flow and leveling under brush or roller application, without sagging

Outstanding wet and dry adhesion to glossy oleoresinous surfaces

Unusually good scrub and abrasion resistance

Excellent color acceptance and development

Very good hiding

Excellent package stability

Formulation Notes

1.  Adjust initial viscosity to 82 88 Krebs Units

2.  Adjust pH to 9.5 with Ammonium Hydroxide (28%)

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Initial)   82 88 Krebs Units

Viscosity (Equilibrated)  88 94 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  53.3% by weight

Total Solids Content  35.2% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  42.6%

Weight per Gallon  11.54 pounds

Key Properties

High standard of performance

High hiding and uniform appearance due to the controlled film build and excellent flow and leveling

Maintains attractive appearance since the formulation possesses outstanding resistance to burnishing, staining and scrubbing

Excellent pigment binding properties

Hard and smooth film

Sufficient open time for smooth lapping

Excellent adhesion to many surfaces and in repaint applications

High  degree of freeze thaw stability

Formulation Notes

Adjust initial viscosity to 82 88 Krebs Units

Adjust pH 9.5 with Ammonium Hydroxide (28%)

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Initial)  82 88 Krebs Units

Viscosity (Equilibrated)  84 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  54.0% by weight

Total Solids Content  34.8% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  43.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.47 Pounds

Key Properties

High standard of performance

High hiding and uniform appearance, due to the controlled film build and excellent flow and leveling

Maintains attractive appearance since the formulation possesses outstanding resistance to burnishing, staining and scrubbing.

Excellent pigment binding properties

Hard and smooth film

Sufficient open time for smooth lapping

Excellent adhesion to many surfaces and in repaint applications

High degree of freeze thaw stability

Formulation Notes

Adjust initial viscosity to 82 88 Krebs Units

Adjust pH to 9.5 with Ammonium Hydroxide (28%)

Physical Constants

Viscosity (Initial)  82 88 Krebs Units

Viscosity (Equilibrated)  88 91 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  53.8% by weight

Total Solids Content  35.3% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  42.7%

Weight per Gallon  11.50 pounds

Key Properties

High standard of performance

High hiding and uniform appearance due to the controlled film build and excellent flow and leveling

Maintains attractive appearance since the formulation possesses outstanding resistance to burnishing, staining and scrubbing

Low cost

Excellent pigment binding properties

Hard and smooth film

Sufficient open time for smooth lapping

Excellent adhesion to many surfaces and in repaint applications

High degree of freeze thaw stability

Exterior Masonry Paints and Concrete Enamels

Physical Constants

Viscosity   80 85 Krebs Units

Total Nonvolatile Content  67.2% by weight

Total Nonvolatile Content  41.4% by volume

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  30.0% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  58.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.36 pounds

Key Properties

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

Increased viscosity

Controlled penetration

Physical Constants

Viscosity    80 85 Krebs Units

Total Nonvolatile Content  65.5% by weight

Total Nonvolatile Content  41.4% by volume

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  28.5% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  58.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.67 pounds

Key Properties

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

Increased viscosity

Controlled penetration

Formulation Notes

Equivalent solvents may be substituted for the Aromatic 100 and Mineral Spirits in areas subject to air pollution regulations.

Thixcin R Thixotrope at 4 5 pounds per 100 gallons or 20 pounds of a 10% Pliolite S 3 gel may be used to adjust viscosity. If the Pliolite S 3 gel is used, hold out 9 pounds of each solvent. The Pliolite S 3 Gel formula is as follows

Physical Constants

Viscosity   69 Krebs Units

Pigment Content  46.0% by weight

Vehicle Content  53.8% by weight

Nonvolatile Vehicle Content  24.2% by weight

Absorption Inch  Nil

Drying Time Set to Touch  15 minutes

Drying Time Dry Hard  45 minutes

Weight per Gallon  11.00 pounds

Key Properties

Suggested formulation for meeting Federal Specification TT P 97D

May be applied to exterior concrete, stucco and masonry surfaces which have been properly prepared

Formulation Note

Thixcin R Thixotrope is recommended for Pebble Mill grind.

If manufactured in a Cowles Dissolver, use Thixatrol ST Thixotrope or Bentone 38 Gellant.

Physical Constants

Viscosity   70 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  60.0% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  56.5%

Weight per Gallon  11.11 pounds

Key Properties

Resistant to weathering

Resistant to alkali in masonry

Repels water, but breathes moisture from painted surfaces

Excellent color uniformity over variable porosity surfaces

High degree of chemical resistance and toughness

Good adhesion and freedom from mottling, so may be applied over old paint

Excellent overall properties of durability, appearance and protection

Complete color uniformity, which requires no sealers

Physical Constants

Viscosity   77 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  64.7% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  58.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.49 pounds

Key Properties

Resistant o weathering

Resistant to alkali in masonry

Reples water, but breathes moisture from painted surfaces

Excellent color uniformity over variable porosity surfaces

High degree of chemical resistance and toughness

Good adhesion and freedom from mottling, so may be applied over old paint

Excellent overall properties of durability, appearance and protection

Complete color uniformity, which requires no sealers

Formulation Note

Equivalent solvents may be substituted for the Aromatic 100 Solvent and Mineral Spirits in areas subject to air pollution regulations.

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  63.5% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  52.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.00 pounds

Key Properties

Suggested formulation for meeting Federal Specification TT P 1181A, Type I May be applied to exterior concrete, stucco and masonry surfaces which have been properly prepared

Formulation Note

Equivalent solvents may be substituted for the Aromatic 100 Solvent and Mineral Spirits in areas subject to air pollution regulations.

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  64.4% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  53.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.06 Pounds

Key Properties

Suggested formulation for meeting Federal Specification TT P 1181A, Type I May be applied to exterior concrete, stucco and masonry surfaces which have been properly prepared

Physical Constants

Viscosity   78 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  61.9% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  58.0%

Weight per Gallon  10.98 pounds

Key Properties

Resistant to weathering

Resistant to alkali in masonry

Repels water but breathes moisture from painted surfaces

Excellent color uniformity over variable porosity surfaces

High degree of chemical resistance and toughness

Good adhesion and freedom from mottling, so may be applied over old paint

Excellent overall properties of durability, appearance and protection

Complete color uniformity, which requires no sealers

Formulation Note

Easy cold weather application for off season painting may be accomplished by adding a solvent to thin the paint to good brushing consistency for lower temperatures.

Physical Constants

Viscosity   78 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  56.3%

Total Solids Content  64.5% by weight

Weight per Gallon  11.46 pounds

Key Properties

Resistant to weathering

Resistant to alkali in masonry

Repels water, but breathes moisture from painted surfaces

Excellent color uniformity over variable porosity surfaces

High degree of chemical resistance and toughness

Good adhesion and freedom from mottling, so may be applied over old paint

Excellent overall properties of durability, appearance and protection

Complete color uniformity which requires no sealers

Formulation Note

Different sizes of Perlite may be used to obtain the desired texture in the finished product.

Physical Constants

Viscosity   143 + Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  70.6% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  58.0%

Weight per Gallon  9.16 pounds

Key Properties

Effective exterior coating for concrete block, stucco, precast and prestressed concrete and other masonry surfaces

Attractive and functional interior coating for ceilings, accent walls and entire rooms

Decorative monolithic coating, which hides minor surface imperfections and imparts excellent protection

Good aging characteristics and flexibility

High hiding characteristics and excellent scrubbability

Can be applied by conventional spray, brush or roller

Easily touched up

Excellent moisture and hydrostatic pressure resistance

Excellent resistance to driven rain

Formulation Note

Equivalent solvents may be substituted for the High Flash Naphtha and Mineral Spirits in areas subject to air pollution regulations.

Physical Constants

Weight per Gallon  11.55 pounds

Key Properties

Suggested formulation for meeting Federal Specification TT P 1181A, Type II May be applied to exterior concrete, stucco and masonry surfaces which have been properly prepared

Physical Constants

Viscosity   75 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  65.1% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  56.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.49 pounds

Key Properties

Resistant to weathering

Resistant to alkali in masonry

Repels water, but breathes moisture from painted surfaces

Excellent color uniformity over variable porosity surfaces

High degree of chemical resistance and toughness

Good adhesion and freedom from mottling, so may be applied over old paint

Excellent overall properties of durability, appearance and protection

Complete color uniformity, which requires no sealers

Interior Flat White and Tint Base Paints

Physical Constants

Viscosity   85 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  28.1% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  52.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.34 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent pigment suspension

Good brush and roller application

Excellent flow and leveling

Reduced roller spattering

Better wet edge control

Good color acceptance with more uniform color development

No adverse effect on scrub resistance, with an increase in water resistance

Formulation Note

Methocel J20MS, J12MS or K15MS may be substituted for Methocel K 15M. If, so the pH must be above 8.5 to compeletely break the crosslink needed for good dispersion.

Physical Constants

Viscosity   85 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  50% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  50%

Weight per Gallon  10.83 pounds

Key Properties

Significant resistance to viscosity loss due to enzyme catalyzed breakdown

Excellent viscosity and pH stability

Improved open time over surfaces of varying porosity

Excellent thickening characteristics

Physical Constants

Viscosity   80 Krebs Units

Fineness of Grind (Hegman)  6

Pigment Volume Concentration  56%

Contrast Ratio  97.2

60º Gloss (Sealed and Unsealed Paper)  3

85º Sheen (Sealed Paper)  57

85º Sheen (Unsealed Paper)  55

Weight per Gallon  11.87 pounds

Key Properties

Improved brushability

Better Stain removal

Higher hiding, gloss and sheen

Improved tinting color uniformity

Formulation Notes

Other surface treated Methocel products, such as J5MS, J20MS, J75MS, K4MS or K15MS may be substituted for the methocel J 12MS Thickener.

     Adjust pH of finished product to 6.0 to 8.0

Physical Constants

Viscosity   80 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  52% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  50%

Weight per Gallon  12.17 pounds

Key Properties

Significant resistance to viscosity loss due to enzyme catalyzed breakdown

Excellent Viscosity and pH stability

Improved open time over surfaces of varying porosity

Excellent thickening characteristics

Physical Constants

Viscosity   80 Krebs Units

Fineness of Grind (Hegman)  6

Pigment Volume Concentration  56%

Contrast Ratio  96.9

60º Gloss (Sealed and Unsealed Paper)  2

85º Sheen (Sealed and Unsealed Paper)  45

Weight per Gallon  11.74 pounds

Key Properties

Improved brushability

Better stain removal

Higher hiding

Higher gloss and sheen

Improved tinting color uniformity

Physical Constants

Viscosity   74 Krebs Units

Fineness of Grind (Hegmen)  6

Pigment Volume Concentration  56%

Contrast Ratio  92.8

60º Gloss (Sealed and Unsealed paper)  3

85º Sheen (Sealed and Unsealed Paper)  45

Weight per Gallon  11.93 pounds

Key Properties

Improved brushability

Higher hiding, gloss and sheen

Better stain removal

Improved tinting color uniformity

Physical Constants

Pigment Volume Concentration  51%

Weight per Gallon  11.56 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity   85 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  51.4% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  53.2%

Weight per Gallon  11.66 pounds

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  48% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  62%

Weight per Gallon  1.52 pounds

Key Properties

Tough, scrub reistant and durable film

Excellent flexibility and adhesion

Excellent enamel holdout, sheen and color development properties

Physical Constants

Viscosity   93 98  Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  49.3% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  64.4%

pH  7.5 to 7.9

Reflectance (3 Mil Wet Film)  0.900 to 0.905

Contrast (3 Mil Wet Film)  0.963 to 0.970

Weight per Gallon  11.61 pounds

Key Properties

Excellent color development

Excellent touch up properties

Excellent enamel holdout and scrubbability, without sacrificing hiding

Physical Constants

Viscosity   86 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  51.3% by weight

Total Solids Content  31.2% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  57.1%

Weight per Gallon  11.87 pounds

Dry Hard Time  45 minutes

85º Specular Gloss  4

Fineness of Grind (North Standard)  4

Scrubbability  More than 800 cycles

Key Properties

Meets requirements for Federal Specification TT P 29H, Type I.

Formulation Notes

Natrosol Thickener is available in various viscosity grades.

Physical Constants

Weight per Gallon  12.08 pounds

Key Properties

Meets requirements of Federal Specification TT P 29J

Physical Constants

Viscosity   93 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  51.4% by weight

Total Solids Content  31.3% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  57.7%

pH  7.97

Weight per Gallon  11.87 pounds

Dry Hard  45 minutes

Opacity (Contrast Ratio Dry)  0.962

Opacity (Contrast Ratio Rewetted)  0.961

85º Specular Gloss  4

Fineness of Grind (North Standard)  4

Key Properties

Meets requirements for Federal Specification TT P 29J

Physical Constants

Viscosity   93 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  51.4% by weight

Total Solids Content  31.3% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  57.5%

pH  7.20

Weight per Gallon  11.87 pounds

Dry Hard  45 minutes

Reflectance (Type I White)  Passes 90

Opacity (Contrast Ratio Dry)  0.962

Opacity (Contrast Ratio Rewetted)  0.961

85º Specular Gloss  4

Yellow Accelerated (White Only)  0.03

Fineness of Grind (North Standard)  4

Scrubbability  Passes 800 cylces

Interior Low Cost Flat White Paints

Formulation Note

Methocel Thickener is available in various viscosity grades.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  86 90 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  48.5% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  60.7%

Weight per Gallon  11.32 pounds

Key Properties

The optical properties of the prime pigments are retained by the use of Al Sil Ate W Aluminum Silicate, while lowering the cost of the formulation.

Physical Constants

Viscosity @ 77°F  89 Krebs Units

Novolatile Content  25% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  75%

PH  7.6

60° Gloss  2.1

85° Sheen  1.5

Opacity at 450 square feet/gallon  0.986

Opacity at 630 square feet/gallon  0.956

Weight per Gallon  11.28 pounds

Key Properties

Ultra low cost formulation due to low titanium dioxide loading

Low angular sheen

Complete hiding at 450 square feet/gallon

Good holdout

Thixotropic character

Physical Constants

Viscosity  87 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  66.5%

Reflectance (Black)  87.4

Reflectance (White)  90.9

Contrast Ratio  0.961

Hiding (Sx)  7.4

85º Sheen  2.0

Weight per Gallon  11.76 pounds

Key Properties

Equivalent performance with a 20% by weight replacement of titanium dioxide, resulting in a lower cost formulation.

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Very good scrubbability, stain resistance and enamel holdout

Physical Constants

Viscosity  87 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  67.6%

Reflectance (Black)  87.5

Reflectance (White)  91.0

Contrast Ratio  0.962

Hiding (Sx)  7.1

85º Sheen  2.0

Weight per Gallon  11.86 pounds

Key Properties

Equivalent performance with a 20% by weight replacement of titanium dioxide, resulting in a lower cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Very good scrubbability, stain resistance and enamel holdout

Physical Constants

Viscosity  74 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  71%

Hiding (Sx)  7.3

Weight per Gallon  11.82 pounds

Key Properties

Low cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Excellent scrubbability

Good stain resistance

Physical Constants

Viscosity  72 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  71%

Hiding (Sx)  6.1

Weight per Gallon  11.92 pounds

Key Properties

Low cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Excellent scrubbability

Good stain resistance

Physical Constants

Viscosity  74 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  65.2%

60° Gloss  2.5

85° Sheen  2.0

Scrubbability (Strokes to Failure)  425

Hiding (Sx)  4.9

Weight per Gallon  11.19 pounds

Key Properties

Low cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Very good stain removal

Physical Constants

Viscosity  77 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  70.8%

60° Gloss  2.5

85° Sheen  2.0

Scrubbability (Strokes to Failure)  310

Hiding (Sx)  4.2

Weight per Gallon  11.89 pounds

Key Properties

Low cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Very good stain removal

Physical Constants

Viscosity   87 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  69.3%

Reflectance (Black)  84.2

Reflectance (White)  89.3

Contrast Ratio  0.943

Hiding (Sx)  5.7

85° Sheen  2.0

Weight per Gallon  12.15 pounds

Key Properties

Equivalent performance with a 20% by weight replacement of titanium dioxide, resulting in a lower cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Very good scrubbability, stain resistance and enamel holdout

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  45.8% by weight

Total Solids Content  28.6% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  59%

Reflectance  0.91

Contrast Ratio  0.975

Contrast Ratio (Toned)  0.985

85° Gloss  2.0

75° Gloss  2.0

Weight per Gallon  10.91 pounds

Key Properties

Low cost

Excellent touch up

Low sheen

Minimum burnishing

Physical Constants

Viscosity  77 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  64.7%

60° Gloss  2.5

85° Sheen  2.0

Scrubbability (Strokes to Failure)  415

Hiding (Sx)  5.6

Weight per Gallon  11.07 pounds

Key Properties

Low cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Very good stain removal

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  46.3% by weight

Pigment, Volume Concentration  59.7%

Fineness of Grind (Hegman North Standard)  4.5

Contrast Ratio  0.94

Reflectance  92.0%

Weight per Gallon  11.26 pounds

Key Properties

Equivalent performance with a 25% by weight replacement of titanium dioxide, resulting in a lower cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Physical Constants

Viscosity  87 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  70.0%

Reflectance (Black)  86.3

Reflectance (White)  90.0

Contrast Ratio  0.959

Hiding (Sx)  6.9

85° Sheen  2.0

Weight per Gallon  12.14 pounds

Key Properties

Equivalent performance with a 20% by weight replacement of titanium dioxide, resulting in a lower cost formulation

Improved rheological properties with better flow and leveling

Improved shelf stability

Reduced sheen

Improved dry hide

Very good scrubbability, stain resistance and enamel holdout.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  86 Krebs Units

Total Solids Content  27.7% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  74%

PH  7.7

Weight per Gallon  12.02 pounds

Key Properties

Increased film build and hiding

Increased yield

Low cost

Physical Constants

Viscosity  90 100 Krebs Units

Total Solids content  49.1% by weight

Total Solids content  29.7% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  72%

Weight per Gallon  11.59 pounds

Physical Constants

Viscosity  90 100 Krebs Units

Total Solids content  49.1% by weight

Total Solids content  29.7% by volume

Pigment Volume Concentration  72%

Weight per Gallon  11.59 pounds

Industrial Paints

These are coatings that are used on rubber, wood, paper, plastic, metal, glass, and any other type of manufactured object. Required characteristics are as varied as the market itself from photosensitive materials to floral patterned wallpaper. They may be decorative or integrally involved in the product s function or both. Most, however, are designed for the large scale, specific application techniques available in factories.

Application

For maximum gloss, the primer must be applied in a very thin coat. A spraying viscosity of 15s or a solids of 55% is suggested. Best results are obtained by using a partially throttled gun and reduced air pressure. The primed surface is baked for 20 min at 400F. Lower baking temperatures reduce the adhesion and gloss of the enamel. Air drying of the primer is not necessary.

Due to the comparatively thin enamel coat to be applied, it is important that the primer be applied uniformly. Best results are obtained by sanding the primer coat to remove any surface irregularities. However, if the primer coat is uniform, sanding is not necessary.

The above formulation is at storage viscosity at 60% solids. It can be reduced with xylene for spray application at about 50% solids.

The enamel as made at 65% solids is at storage viscosity. It will spray satisfactorily at about 58% solids when reduced with xylol. The suggested baking schedule is 30 min at 300 F.

This enamel, when applied in a single coat over bonderized steel and baked for 30 min at 300 F, will pass a 100 hr soak test in a 0.5% Rinso solution at 165 F. It will withstand immersion in 30% sodium hydroxide for 9 days at room temperature and still retain excellent gloss. Even after a drastic overbake of 40 hr at 325 f., the film retains good color and high gloss.

For highest resistance to alkali, the alkyd portion of the vehicle should be comprised solely of Duraplex ND 78. However, Duraplex A 27, to the extent of 25% of the alkyd component, can be substituted to give slightly greater adhesion with only a slight sacrifice in resistance to soap and alkali. This latter type of formulation permits one coat application.

Resistant to solvents, chemicals, soap solutions, salt solutions, etc. Excellent flexibility. High resin solids content.

Excellent primer vehicle. The alkyd improves resistance to salt spray immediate to scribed area, allows higher pigment concentrations and lower cost. The 75108 greatly improves the chemical resistance. The humidity resistance is outstanding and the resistance to strong solvents is superior to that of straight alkyds.

Using the above formulation, an unscribed 1½ mil coating (2 coat system) on plain, clean steel with edges protected showed no effect after exposure to salt spray for two years. The final bake was 20 25 min at 400F.

Designed for maximum chemical, solvent, alkali and acid resistance plus some film flexibility.

Excellent chemical, solvent, alkali and acid resistance. It is designed for use in drum and container corrosion resistant linings where rough handling is expected.

Designed for maximum chemical solvent, alkali and acid resistance plus very good film flexibility.* Suggested for use in drum and container corrosion resistant linings, where continuous rough handling is expected. Versatile, with a favorable balance of chemical resistance and flexibility. It is an excellent starting formulation for any corrosion resistant application. Shelf life about one year.

3 6 months resistance to 16% caustic at 195 F (90C) is normal for 4 6 mil multiple coats. Comparable caustic resistance is also possible at baking temperatures at low as 300F using 1 1.5% phenol sulfonic acid in place of phosphoric acid. The steel substrate must be wash primed however to prevent attack by the acid. The acetone resistance is lessened with phenol sulfonic acid  the coating can be scratched with a thumbnail after 45 min immersion in acetone.

 

Reduce to spray with the following solvent mixture  methyl ethyl ketone, butyl acetate, ethylglycol acetate, toluene (4 1 4 1 pbw).

To accelerate the cure rate, 0.2% zinc octoate (8% Zn) or 0.5% Desmorapid PP (each based on resin solids) may be added.

The addition of 1% Bentone 27, based on pigment, reduces the hard setting tendencies. This finish coat is noted for high solvent and chemical resistance as well as resistance to color change and chalking in exterior exposures. For the ultimate in weather resistance, this finish should be top coated with a Desmophen 650A/Multron R 221/Desmodur N 75 system.

Thin one volume of primer base with one volume of spray thinner. The presence of M P A 60 (Toluene) (a) overcame the pronounced settling of pigment in the thinned formula on prolonged standing, (b) improved the spray characteristics, and (c) brought the sagging tendency under control.

Procedure

Prepare a solution of Epon 1007 in Cellosolve acetate/xylene (1/1 by weight) at a suitable solids concentration so that all of the Epon resin is contained in the grind. Disperse the pigment and Thixatrol ST in this solution in a pebble mill (at about 100F). Let down with the Beckamine P 196 and remaining solvents. Poor gloss may result if part of the Epon resin is used in letting down this dispersion.

Application

For spray application reduce further with Cellosolve acetate/toluene (1/1) by weight. Recommended baking schedule  20 min at 385F.

Procedure

The pigment, extender, Nuosperse 657, Eponol 53 L 32, and M P A 60 are dispersed on a 3 roll mill. This dispersion is then let down with the phenolic resin solution and the remaining solvent.

Application

This enamel will provide very good chemical resistance, and its lack of gloss is extremely important in those applications demanding glare free surfaces.

This enamel will provide very good chemical resistance, and its lack of gloss is extremely important in those applications demanding glare free surfaces.

This coating system is characterized by high resistance to household stains and chemicals. It is recommended for evaluation as an appliance enamel, where a high degree of flexibility is not required and the slight color change which occurs upon exposure to sunlight can be tolerated.

Clear coatings and white enamels for metals made with a combination of Acryloid B 72 and Bakelite vinyl resin VAGH modified with Uformite F 240 and Paraplex G 60 show exceptional retention, gloss, heat stability, adhesion, and chemical resistance.

A suggested formulation for a clear coating of this type follows. When baked for 15 min at 325 F, this coating develops good hardness and partially thermosets. It gives excellent resistance to chemicals and shows high gloss and clarity.

Uformite nitrogen resins are used to crosslink hydroxyl functional thermosetting acrylic resins of the Acryloid series to produce a baking type coating. The following formulation is a good starting point for evaluating this coating system.

Raybo 3 (0.05% based on acrylic solids) should be added to the enamel. For spray application, reduce the base enamel with a solvent blend of xylene/Solvesso 100/n butanol (2/1/1) to a No. 4 Ford Cup viscosity of 17s. Spray solids will be approximately 46%.

Raybo 3 (0.05%) should be added to the enamel, based on acrylic solids. For spray application, reduce the base enamel with a solvent blend of xylol/Solvesso 100/n butanol  2/1/1 to 17s (#4 Ford Cup visc.).

Application

This enamel should be sprayed over the primer shown below. Optimum spraying viscosity is about 15 s (No. 4 Ford Cup) at 27% solids. Higher solids give too thick a coat and produce blistering on baking. Best spray results are obtained by using a partially throttled gun and reduced air pressure.

Two enamel coats are applied with a 1 hr air dry between coats in a dustless atmosphere. A ½ hr air dry is allowed before baking. Force drying is not recommended due to the tendency to produce inferior gloss and a pebbly surface pattern. Prolonged drying before baking will give reduced gloss.

Baking at high temperature is required to obtain maximum hardness. Good results are obtained at 350F for 30 min or at 400F for 20 min.

Application Properties

The application properties of Acryloid AT 70 were tested in our laboratory using the white baking enamel in this formula. The enamel was reduced with a mixture of xylol and Cellosolve acetate in a 3/1 ratio to spray viscosity (19s to 21s in a #4 Ford Cup). The recommended minimum baking schedule of 30 min at 350F was used.

The application properties of the formulation and the preceding two were tested in our laboratory. The baking schedules of 10 min at 375F, and 10 min at 400F, were both used in evaluating these formulations. The latter baking schedule gives complete cure.

Acrylic General Purpose Enamel

Acryloid A 21 is another hard acrylic resin which is useful in appliance finishing. the hard acrylics are sometimes formulated with plasticizers to improve the flexibility of the coating. Plasticized and unplasticized enamels follow together with an extensive evaluation of comparative properties determined at several bake schedules. The improvement in adhesion, hardness and gloss at higher bake schedules should be noted.

Interior Gloss White Enamels

Physical Constants

Pigment Volume Concentration  20.4%

Total Nonvolatile Vehicle   43.7% by weight

Viscosity Fresh   92 Krebs Units

Viscosity One Day   93 Krebs Units

Viscosity  30 days   94 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon   9.68 pounds

Key Properties

Exceptionally sharp gloss

Excellent color retention

Fast tack free drying

Tough, flexible film

Good water and alkali resistance

Good package stability

Good brushing characteristics

Excellent self sealing properties

Good leveling

Nonsagging

Good adhesion of top coats

Physical Constants

Viscosity  80 90 Krebs Units

Nonvolatile Vehicle Content  40% by weight

Pigment Volume Concentration  18.7%

Pigment Content  26.5% by weight

Weight per Gallon  9.25 pounds

Key Properties

Fast drying speed

Excellent color retention

Excellent initial gloss and gloss retention

Excellent water and alkali resistance.

Formulation Note          

For maximum consistency and sag control, grind on mill that will develop minimum temperature of 1700F on paste. Add 4 pounds of M.P.A 60 or Thixatrol ST Thixotropes for additional sag control. Introduce Thixatrol ST in thindown and disperse at a maximum temperature of 1400F.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  100 110 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  9.91 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  17.6%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  53.1% by weight

600 Gloss (Sealed paper Panel)  86 88

600 Gloss (Sealed Paper Panel)  86 88

Brushometer Reading at 103 K.U.  108

Key Properties

Heavy bodied, high gloss enamel with exceptionally easy brushing properties

Characteristics permit full brush loading with excellent resistance to dripping and running.

Good durability and color retention

Good gloss over porous surfaces

Physical Constants

Weight per Gallon  10.25 pounds

Fineness of Grind (Hegman Gauge)  5 6

Key Properties

Very fine grind enamel

Improved film build

Nonsagging properties

Improved pigment suspension

Elimination of streaking, flooding and floating

Excellent gloss retention

Improved film hardness and adhesion

Physical Constants

Viscosity  83 87 Krebs Units

Pigment Volume Concentration  23.5%

Vehicle Solids Content  43.0% by weight

Weight per Gallon  9.65 pounds

Key Properties

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

Increased viscosity

Controlled penetration

Physical Constants

Viscosity  90 100 Krebs Units

Nonvolatile Vehicle Content  51.2% by weight

Gloss  80 85

Fineness of Grind  7

Pigment Content  35.4% by weight

Weight per Gallon  9.94 pounds

Key Properties

Fast air drying

Outstanding gloss and gloss retention

Abrasion resistant

Excellent water and alkali resistance

Key Properties

Dries fast

Hard finish

Excellent color retention

Good durability

Formulation Note

Replace Aroplaz 1086 M 50 with Aroplaz 2502 M 60 Alkyd Resin Solution for even faster drying.

Physical Constants

Viscosity  72 80 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  10.04 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  25.1%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  45.5% by weight

Key Properties

Very good color and color retention, gloss and gloss retention

Excellent durability

Fast drying

Hard film

Physical Constants

Pigment Volume Concentration  18.8%

Vechicle Nonvolatile Content  51.7% by weight

Viscosity Overnight  70 krebs Units

Viscosity Two Months  74 krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  10.08 pounds

Key Properties

Good durability

Good color and gloss retention

Excellent application properties

Positive through dry

Physical Constants

Viscosity  81 Krebs Units

Fineness of Grind (North Standard)  6½ 7

60º Gloss 93

Weight per Gallon  10.89 pounds

Key Properties

Thixotropic with no increased viscosity

Good color development

Excellent initial color and color retention

Outstanding pigment and filler suspension

Suppressed floating and flooding

Physical Constants

Pigment Volume Concentration  23%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  43% by weight

Viscosity Fresh  77 Krebs Units

Viscosity One Month  77 Krebs Units

Viscosity Two Month  78 Krebs Units

Viscosity Three Months  75 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  9.22 Pounds

Key Properties

Fast Positive dry even under adverse conditions

Excellent color and gloss retention

Good hardness and durability

Abrasion resistant

Good flexibility

Good water resistance

Economical

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  68.9% by weight

Viscosity  75 Krebs Units

Pigment / Resin Ratio  100/100 by weight

Weight per Gallon  10.17 pounds

Key Properties

High quality enamel

Superior gloss and gloss retention, even under high humidity conditions

Excellent color and color retention with minimum contrast between masked and exposed areas

Unusual depth and fullness of enamel appearance

Infinite solubility in aliphatic hydrocarbons

Fast drying

Physical Constants

Viscosity Initial  80 Krebs Units

Gloss 60º  95

Pigment Volume Concentration  18.50%

Pigment/Binder Ratio  0.87 by weight

Nonvolatile Vehicle Content  51.50% by weight

Total Solids Content  66.50% by weight

Weight per Gallon  9.90 pounds

Key Properties

Nonyellowing

Rapid through dry

Improved alkali resistance

High gloss

May be applied by brush, spray or rollercoat

Excellent water and weather resistance

Physical Constants

Total Solids Content  68.9% by weight

Viscosity  75 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  10.11 pounds

Pigment/Resin Ratio by Weight  100/100

Key Properties

Sagging eliminated

Reduced pigment settling and flooding

Enhanced brushability

Increased viscosity

Controlled penetration

Physical Constants

Viscosity  80 90 Krebs Units

Weight per Gallon  10.04 pounds

Pigment Volume Concentration  16.7%

Vehicle Nonvolatile Content  55.6% by weight

60º Gloss  93.95

Key Properties

Excellent initial color and color retention

Improved resistance to seeding in the presence of zinc oxide

Good set to touch, through dry and less than 24 hour tack free dry

Excellent nonyellowing properties


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