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Best Business Opportunities in West Bengal- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mineral: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is one of the world's most naturally endowed lands. India is home to numerous minerals which benefit the country economically. The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal stands third in the country in terms of mineral production. The state contributes about one-fifth to the total production of minerals in the country. Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities. There are good possibilities of obtaining mineral oil and natural gas in the areas near the Bay of Bengal.

West Bengal is the third largest state for coal production, accounting for about half of India's total. Lignite mined in Darjeeling is used to make briquettes. West Bengal ranks next to Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in production of fireclay. China clay used in the pottery, paper, textile, rubber and paint industries are unearthed at Mohammad Bazar in Birbhum and Mejia in Bankura. Limestone which is used in cement industry is mined in Bankura, Purulia, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. There are copper mines in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. Small quantities of low quality iron-ore are mined in Bardhaman, Purulia, Birbhum and Darjeeling. There are manganese in the Jhargram region of Paschim Medinipur, Purulia and Bardhaman. The state’s production of dolomite comes from the Dooars region of Jalpaiguri.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Keeping pace with the liberalised Mineral Policy being adopted by the Government of India, Government of West Bengal has formulated its Mineral Policy in 2002. Among the basic objectives of the West Bengal Mineral Policy, 2002 following are worth mentioning:

1. To review the existing State monopolies over mineral exploration and wherever required, go in for selective de-reservation.

2. To invite private capital, resources and technology, both foreign and domestic, for better exploration and exploitation;

3. To promote necessary linkages for smooth and uninterrupted development of mineral based industries to meet the needs of the State.

4. To ensure proper vigilance and supervision of mining activities with particular emphasis on simplification of procedures and greater generation of revenues from mineral resources.

5. To develop industry friendly facilities in specific minerals like, Coal, Granite and China Clay and in Natural gas like Coal bed Methane.

 

Iron and Steel: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

India has one of the richest reserves of all the raw materials required for the industry, namely land, capital, cheap labour, iron ore, power, coal etc. Yet India is 5th in the world ranking for production of steel. Iron and steel is basis for laying the vibrant Indian industry. Production of steel has come to exist as an index of a country's potential, industrial and economic growth. The making of iron and steel had been known to the people of India since long. The iron pillar of Delhi is a proof of it and speaks of the quality of steel produced in this country in ancient times. The steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress, because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. The per capita usage of steel gives an indication of the technological advancement of a nation.

RESOURCES:

The growth of steel industry in the State is largely related to the proximity of raw materials, skilled manpower, port facilities and the vast market for steel products. Given these location advantages, large numbers of mini integrated steel plants have already been set up in the state manufacturing a wide range of products such as sponge irons, mild steels, iron pipes etc. The neighbouring Eastern States of India viz. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chattisgarh are endowed with huge iron ore reserves along with cooking coal and non-cooking coal. The establishment of Bengal Iron Works at Kulti in Burdwan district of West Bengal in 1870 where the first commercial blast furnace was set up in 1875 heralded the commencement of this industry in the State.

The easy availability of power, competitive rates of freight, close proximity to areas with natural resources relevant to the industry, and labour force traditionality skilled in operating iron and steel units are factors that have influenced the surge in investment in this sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed  as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted.  The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels.  With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability  of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing  procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector. 

 

Leather: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilisation of available raw materials for maximising the returns, particularly from exports.  The Indian leather sector meets 10% of global finished leather requirement. The leather industry is spread in different segments, namely, tanning & finishing, footwear & footwear components, leather garments, leather goods including saddlery & harness, etc.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has been functioning as a vast raw material resource base for the leather industry in the form of hides and skins. However, Indian leather export has undergone a transition from the export of raw hides and skins in the fifties to value added finished leather in the nineties. In the context, leather processing industries in West Bengal needed a strong structural support and proposal was mooted for setting up an eco-friendly complex near Calcutta with modern technical and training facilities. In this full scale integrated leather complex, facilities for leather-finishing, computer-aided design centres, modern training centre for up gradation are also being provided. This mega complex will also have manufacturing units to produce footwear uppers, finished foot wears, leather goods and garments to catering to the expanding domestic and export markets. The availability of a wide range of cost effective leather chemicals with consistent quality is crucial for the success of such a mega complex. Entrepreneurs can set up manufacturing units in the mega complex for both tanning chemicals and post-tanning chemical auxiliaries.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry are:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semifinished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme 

 

Petrochemicals: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. Since the beginning, the Indian petrochemical industry has shown an enviable growth rate. This industry also contributes largely to the economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. It provides the foundation for manufacturing industries like construction, packaging, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles etc.    

RESOURCES:

The state of West Bengal accounts for almost 4% of India’s production of petroleum products and 13% of India’s polymer production. The production has almost doubled in the last decade. Crude throughput at Haldia refinery increased to 5,502 million tones and its capacity utilization increased to 91.7% during 2005-06.

The growth of the Petrochemical sector has been very impressive both in terms of units set up and investment volume. The main reason for the recent growth of this industry is due to upstream and downstream industry linkages by the oil refining and petrochemical units set up in the state. The industry is due to receive a further fillip with the announcement of US$ 1 billion gas pipeline project to bring natural gas in the state. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. is India’s second largest integrated petrochemical complex. Currently producing 1.5 million tons of polymers and chemicals and has grown significantly to its present turnover of US$ 1.4 billion.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Encourage public sector companies & nationalized banks to enter the capital market to raise resources & offer new investment avenues.

•        Invite & encourage private sector investment in these industries in order to accelerate growth.

•        Set up Petroleum, Chemical & Petroleum Investment Regions (PCPIR) in the state to promote investment on a global scale.

•        Foreign Technology investments will be invited in the petrochemical industries.

•        Encourage Foreign Equity participation in the petrochemical industries.

 

Food Processing: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is one of the three front running states in India in food and agro processing sector. Fruits, vegetables and cereals grow in abundance in West Bengal. The state accounts for 30% of potatoes, 27% of pineapples, 12% of bananas and 16% of India’s rice production. Additionally fruits like mangoes, papaya, guava and jackfruit and vegetables like tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, are available in plenty.

West Bengal is the largest producer of rice, pineapple, vegetables and fruits in the country and second largest producer of potatoes and lychees. It ranks 1st in total meat production (including poultry) in the country and accounts for 10% of the country’s edible oil production. It is a substantial producer of spices, coconut, cashew nut, arecanut, betel vine and oilseeds. West Bengal is also one of the leading states in pisciculture since it the largest producer of fish.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Agro & Food Processing Industries form a very important part of the State’s economy. The West Bengal Government is setting up a number of policies & plans to focus on the selected areas like vegetables, fruits, fisheries, rice, poultry, dairy & floriculture. The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Increase agricultural production & productivity vertically through wider adoption of appropriate eco-system-specific & cost effective technology.

•        Bring more area under High Yielding Variety (HYV), hybrid & improved varieties of crops.

•        Emphasize increase production of pulses & oil seeds in non-traditional areas & non-conventional seasons.

•        Create employment opportunities in this sector to improve the socio-economic status of the farmers & also to remove sub-regional disparity.

•        Extending soil-testing facilities up to district level for proper use of fertilizer.

•        Post-harvest technology for reducing loss & better marketability.

•        Bring cultivable waste land & fallow land under cultivation.

•        Application of low cost technology for increasing production & productivity.

•        More money involvement in agriculture.

•        Encourage private entrepreneurship for processing of fruits, vegetables & horticultural items.

•        Promote floriculture parks & flower complexes in the state.

•        Other Business Process, knowledge Process and Engineering Process Outsourcing services

The State Government is encouraging the farmers for mechanization through the use of modern agricultural implements & machines for timely farm operation & reduction in the cost of cultivation.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

The textile industry of Kolkata plays a significant role in the economy of the capital city of the state of West Bengal. West Bengal has traditionally been a major producer of cotton textile as well in the country. Jute textile manufacturing is the most prominent industry in West Bengal due to availability of raw jute in the state. At present there are 59 Jute mills in West Bengal. Main jute products are Hessian, sacking, jute bags, and other items produced by jute. Most of the jute mills are located on the banks of river Hooghly near Kolkata. West Bengal is the leader and pioneer in the country for the manufacturing of Jute textiles. Hosiery industry in West Bengal has a huge grow potential as Bengal was the birthplace of hosiery industry in India.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. Biopharma and bioservices sectors contributed 63 per cent and 33 per cent, respectively, to the total biotech exports. The bioagriculture, bioindustrials and bioinformatics sectors remained focussed on domestic operations, bringing in nearly 90 per cent of their revenues from India.

RESOURCES

West Bengal has a vast knowledge base with few of the premiers institutes of India located here.          Presence of Kharagpur IIT which over the years have done path breaking research in this sector is a major resource of biotechnology development. It has rich bio diversity, characterized by several species of medicinal & aromatic plants and diverse agro climatic zones. A matrix of 75 deliverable products is ready for commercialization in the agro and medical sector. Increase awareness among people about the adverse side effects of synthetic drags.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The state has been putting efforts to facilitate the growth of biotech industries and development of clean biotech technologies. The various key initiatives under this section include:

•        Conserve bio-diversity through mapping and sustainable use of bio-resources.

•        Create a "Centre of Excellence for Biotechnology" as a high quality support service to Biotech Industries.

•        Facilitate the flow of venture capital funds and bank credit to Biotech companies.

•        Spread general awareness for optimum utilisation of Biotechnology in the agriculture sector.

 

Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market. The Indian auto component industry has kept pace with technological developments and is today catering not only to OEM and Tier I auto makers in India but abroad as well. Many Indian auto part makers have today also succeeded in emerging as the supplier of choice to global auto majors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has traditionally been very strong in the engineering industries and has been an important manufacturing base in the past. West Bengal’s Hindustan Motors was one of the pioneers by commencing production of vehicles in the state in the year 1948. Recently it has collaborated with Mitsubishi Company of Japan to diverse into a wide range of cars and manufactures everything related to automobile industry like trekkers, trucks, and also luxury cars like Mitsubishi Lancer and touching a consolidated net sale of US$ 233.47 million in the last fiscal year. West Bengal realizing this huge potential in this sector has geared up with appropriate plans and policies to boost this sector. Also it has got certain inherent competitive advantages since the state is located in the heart of India’s steel and manufacturing cluster.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:

•        Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.

•        Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.

•        Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.

•        Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.

•        Encouraging development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources.

•        Development of domestic safety & environmental standards at par with the international standards.

•        Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies & availability of appropriate auto fuels.

The State is also encouraging dynamic investment in the sector to create an environment for volume production & indigenous capability for small cars & auto parts.

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is the second largest tea growing state in the countryl contributing almost 21% of the total production in the country. There are three tea-growing zones in the state;       Darjeeling,          Terai and Dooars. Darjeeling tea is considered to be the finest in the world. There are 343 tea gardens in West Bengal covering 1,03,950 hectares planted area. Some of the major players in the Tea industry in West Bengal include Tata Tea Ltd, James Finlay & Company. Both of them together are representing world’s second largest global branded tea operations with product and brand presence in over 50 countries. Goodricke Group Ltd. (GGL) a part of the UK-based Cammelia Plc, the world’s single largest tea producer in the private sector. In India it is the third largest tea producer and the leading producer of Darjeeling tea.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The tea industry in India is highly regulated. It requires licenses for its import or export. While The Tea Act, 1953 controls production and distribution activities, the Tea (Marketing) Control Order, 2003 regulates tea sales and stipulates that a defined percentage of tea produced from each garden be sold through the auction system. In addition to this central cess, States also levy sales tax on sale of tea. Profits from production and sale of tea are subject to agricultural income tax by the states. Thus, the residual income after paying corporate tax is taxed again. This tax is levied on profits accruing to gardens located in respective state. 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in tea industry is permitted subject to compulsory divestment of 26% equity of the company in favour of an Indian partner / Indian public within five years from the date of investment.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has the widest variety of attractions in terms of tourist spots from the bustling Kolkata Megapolis with its historical and modern charms, to the zones of tranquillity like the Himalayan terrain in the north to the Sunderbans in the south. The state is endowed with all the diversities of nature that is a tourist’s dream. From the arid Chhota Nagpur plateau region in the west, forests in the north and south, mountains in the north, sea beaches in the south and rivers crisscrossing the whole of the state the varied panorama offers the discerning traveller a very wide choice and caters to the requirements of varied travel segments. More specifically, the snow capped peaks of the Himalayas, Darjeeling, referred by many as the Queen of the Hill Stations, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway declared as a World Heritage Site, the vast tea estates of the Dooars, the famed Royal Bengal Tiger of Sunderbans, the innumerable historical landmarks of India’s and Bengal’s glorious history are all wonders for the prospective tourists.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

Waste Management: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

RESOURCES:

There are 609 hazardous waste generating units in West Bengal. Amongst the nineteen districts of the state, two districts (Darjeeling and South Dinajpur) do not generate hazardous waste. The total quantum of hazardous waste generation from West Bengal is 2,59,776.24 metric tonnes per annum. (MTPA), out of which 46 per cent (1,20,596.41 MTPA) is landfillable, 49 per cent (1,26,596.38 MTPA) is recyclable and the remaining 5 per cent (12,583.45 MTPA) is incinerable by nature. Interestingly, it was observed that the majority of hazardous waste generating units in the state is small and is generating meagre quantity of waste, whereas the units generating substantial amount of hazardous wastes are limited in number.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Disposable Needles - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Disposable needles are widely used by doctors for injection purpose with the help of syringes. With the increase in population in our country, requirement of medicine and injections has increased. For more strength of people more number of needles is required with syringes. For quick relief, needles are used by surgeons, dental surgeons, Veterinary Surgeons, and by the breeders in the poultry farm, where the farm birds are periodically injected against epidemics. Surgical needles are of two types: those which have an eye through which the suture is threaded and eyeless needles where the suture is inserted into the hollow hilt and held in position by swaging the metal around it. The first patent on an eyeless needle was obtained by the late Sir Henry Souttar in 1921 but in the U.K. their use has only increased appreciably in the past few years. In the U.S.A. 70 percent of the suture needles are of the cycle’s type. The various components of Hypodermic needle shall be made from the following materials shown against each. • The Hub shall be made from free specially treated nylon/ PVC tube. • Stillete- Stillete shall be hard drawn hollow brass wire or stainless steel wire and supplied one for each needle. Hindustan Syringes and Beckton & Dickinson had launched Auto Disposable (AD) syringes. The new age AD syringe makes re-use impossible by locking the plunger after the medicine is injected. It cannot draw on the medicine a second time. In the field of cannulae and blood bags, Poly Medicure has emerged as a significant player. In the Indian single uses syringes market, which is nearly 1.5 bn units strong, Hindustan Syringes and Medical Devices (HMD) enjoys a 65% market share. Imports constitute 10% of this market. In the single use needles market, HMD has a 70% market share, followed by imported brands with a 25% market share. The size of the local needles market is 2.5 bn units per annum. Dispovan is the dominant brand in India, and it has been able to maintain and increase its market share in face of stiff competition from multinational and domestic challengers. So any new entrants can venture in to this industry.
Plant capacity: 1500000 Nos. / DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 585 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 945 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Textile Bleaching, Dyeing & Finishing - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

A textile is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool, flax, cotton, or other material to produce long strands. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or pressing fibres together (felt). Textile bleaching is one of the stages in the manufacture of textiles. All raw textile materials, when they are in natural form, are known as 'greige' material. This greige material will have its natural color, odor and impurities that are not suitable for clothing materials. The removal of these natural coloring matters and add-ons during the previous state of manufacturing is called scouring and bleaching. Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like textile and fabrics. Dyeing is normally done in a special solution containing dyes and particular chemical material. After dyeing, dye molecules have uncut chemical bond with fiber molecules. Textile finishing is the term used for a series of processes to which all bleached, dyed, printed and certain grey fabrics are subjected before they put on the market. The object of textile finishing is to render textile goods fit for their purpose or end-use and/or improve serviceability of the fabric. There are several primary properties necessary for a polymeric material to make an adequate fiber: • Fiber length to width ratio • Fiber uniformity • Fiber strength and flexibility • Fiber extensibility and elasticity • Fiber cohesiveness As a whole establishing Textile Bleaching, Dyeing & Finishing Unit is one of the project which has good prospect for the entrepreneurs to invest.
Plant capacity: Textile Bleaching Job work: 12 MT/ Day• Textile Dyeing Job work: 12 MT/ DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 109 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 3772 Lakhs
Return: 5.00%Break even: 67.00%
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Potato Flakes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Potato is one of the important tuber vegetables, which is consumed throughout the year. Its botanical name is Solanum Tuberosum. Potatoes can be consumed in varied forms. In fact, it is a vegetable that can easily be combined with any other food item including other vegetables, cereals, pulses, meat and poultry. The raw materials required are fresh potatoes. Potato flakes are the most important form of dehydrated potato products, which also include potato granules, pellets, powder, shredded and sliced potato. Dehydrated potato flakes are made by pressing cooked mashed potatoes onto a drum drier, which forms a sheet that can be broken up and ground to the required density. Potato flakes can be used anywhere, where one would use mashed potatoes. Potato flakes are potatoes that have been through an industrial process to yield a packaged convenience food that can be reconstituted in the home in seconds by adding hot water or milk, producing mashed potatoes with very little expenditure of time and effort. Mashed potatoes can be reconstituted from potato flour, but the process is made more difficult by lumping; a key characteristic of flakes is, it eliminates the lumping and the mash is smooth. Properties of Potato Flakes • It is crispy and very lightweight product. • It is free flowing. • Its colour is same as potato • It can absorb moistures from air and become soft when exposed. • It can be preserved for more than one year when it is vacuum packed with nitrogen flash. The potato dehydration and flakes manufacturing unit has exclusively been reserved on small scale by Govt. of India as per Industrial Policy introduced in 1983. No any big competitor may enter in this field. The potato flakes and powder is meant only for export. Although domestic market for dehydrated and powdered potato is there but more than 70% of the total indigenous production of potato flakes /powder is exported to various countries. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 8.4 MT/ DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 789 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 1161 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Rice Cultivation - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Rice is the leading food crop in the developing world in terms of total world production. It represents the staple food for almost two-thirds of the world’s population. Rice provides 21% of global human per capita energy and 15% of per capita protein. However, the world’s stocks of stored rice grain have been falling in negative correlation to each year’s consumption levels which now exceeds actual annual production. Rice is generally considered a semi-aquatic annual grass plant, which can be grown under a broad range of climatic conditions. Cultivated rice belongs to the species O. sativa and O. glaberrima. While O. sativais the predominant species, O. galberrimais cultivated on a limited scale and only in Africa. The major rice producers in 2010 were China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Myanmar producing alone more than 75% of the world production. Rice grain comprises the edible rice caryopsis of fruit enclosed in a protective covering, the hull (husk). During the milling process, rough rice is milled to produce polished edible grain by first subjecting to dehusking and then to the removal of brownish outer bran layer known as whitening. Finally, polishing is carried out to remove the bran particles and provides surface gloss to the edible white portion. The duration of growth for cultivated rice varies from 80 to 280 days and can be generally divided into early (80–130 days), intermediate (130–160 days) and late (160+days) maturing cultivars. In the rice plant, three growth phases can be distinguished: the vegetative phase – when the plant begins to partition assimilation to the developing panicle; the reproductive phases with panicle (flowering) development; and the ripening or grain-filling phase which begins after anthesis and ends at maturation. The duration of growth for cultivated rice varies from 80 to 280 days and can be generally divided into early (80–130 days), intermediate (130–160 days) and late (160+days) maturing cultivars. In the rice plant, three growth phases can be distinguished: the vegetative phase – when the plant begins to partition assimilation to the developing panicle; the reproductive phases with panicle (flowering) development; and the ripening or grain-filling phase which begins after anthesis and ends at maturation. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs for investment.
Plant capacity: Rice Paddy: 72500 MT/ Annum•Rice Straw as by product: 145000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 1741 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 4418 Lakhs
Return: 9.00%Break even: 10.00%
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Cattle & Poultry Feed - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

In India the animal feed industry is of recent origin, the first animal food plant having been established in 1960. There are today as many as 14 plants in the organized sector, besides many small feed compounders, which operate in large cities. The 14 organized units have modern or semi modern equipment for manufacturing compound feeds. All of them have excellent facilities for quality control and are well equipped for chemical analysis of raw materials and the finished products. The installed capacity for all types of feeds that can be produced in the units under organized sector in India is estimated in the neighbourhood of 630000 metric tonnes a year. Taking into account the expansion plans of the organized sector, it is anticipated that the capacity of this industry in India is likely to increase rapidly. Types of cattle Feeds: • These for calves before their rumens start to function effectively. • Those for cattle with functioning rumens. Poultry Feed Classification: • Complete Feed • Concentrates • Mash feeds • Meal feeds • Scratch feeds • Supplements India has the largest cattle, buffalo and goat population according to latest census. There are about 200 million cattle, 50 million buffaloes and 90 million goats in the country. About one sixth of the cattle, about half of buffalo and one fifth of goat population in world are in India. Animal husbandry plays an important role in the national life and accounts for about 10% of the national income. In particular the contributor of the cattle and buffalo to the economy is considerable. They are the main source of drought power in agricultural operations and rural transportation they provide essential, foods like milk and meal. Industries playing increasing roles in the struggle against world hunger include the poultry industry, which require less capital to enter than other animal industries, and the feed industry, which provides economical, feeds upon which the poultry industry depends. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Advanced Bio-Agro Tech Ltd. Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd. Agribiotech Industries Ltd. Agro Tech India Ltd. Allana Cold Storage Ltd. Amrit Feeds Ltd. Andhra Sugars Ltd. Anirudh Foods Ltd. Annam Feeds Ltd. Anupam Extractions Ltd. Arambagh Hatcheries Ltd. Aries Agro Ltd. Aries Marketing Ltd. Bala Industries & Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. Balaji Foods & Feeds Ltd. Baramati Agro Ltd. Brooke Bond Lipton India Ltd. C & M Farming Ltd. C P Aquaculture (India) Pvt. Ltd. Damania Pharma Ltd. Dhanalaxmi Roto Spinners Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 160 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 405 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 57.00%
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PSC Electric Poles - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

PSC stands for pre-stressed concrete. These are highly durable and strong PSC Poles fabricated from excellent quality concrete material. These poles are used extensively in electrical industry, for establishing electrical connections and fittings. PSC poles are available in different dimensions and weight depending on the requirement. The poles are eco friendly and require very low maintenance. Types of Utility Distribution Poles: • Tangent poles • Guyed poles • Self-supporting poles The power sector is one of the crucial inputs to the growth of other industrial sectors and overall economic growth of India. India has fourth largest installed generating capacity in world but the per capita consumption of electricity is very low, owing to a huge gap between demand and supply of power. Traditionally the power sector was dominated by the public sector but has now been opened for competition from private and foreign players by the government sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Ashoka Pre-Con Pvt. Ltd. Engipress Industries Ltd. Siporex India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 60000 Nos. / AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 126 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 415 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Fitness Equipments (Elliptical Cross Trainers, Treadmill and Exercise Bikes) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Plant Layout

Fitness/Exercise equipment is any apparatus or device used during physical activity to enhance the strength or conditioning effects of that exercise by providing either fixed or adjustable amounts of resistance or to otherwise enhance the experience or outcome of an exercise routine. Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being or specifically the ability to perform aspects of sports or occupations. Physical fitness is generally achieved through correct nutrition, exercise, hygiene and rest. It is a set of attributes or characteristics that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity. • An elliptical trainer or cross-trainer is a stationary exercise machine used to simulate stair climbing, walking, or running without causing excessive pressure to the joints, hence decreasing the risk of impact injuries. • The Exercise Treadmill is one of the most popular fitness equipment among fitness enthusiasts. This fitness machine is indoor sporting equipment which is used for walking and running exercises while in a stationary position. • A stationary bicycle also known as exercise bicycle, exercise bike is a device with saddle, pedals, and some form of handlebars arranged as on a bicycle, but used as exercise equipment rather than transportation. The fitness industry in India - valued at anything between a whopping Rs 2,000 crore and a more modest Rs 300 crore — however is not celebrating just yet. In fact, it's still a fragmented industry with diverse players such as health clubs, gyms and trainers. The health club approach and a feel good factor — for a highly stressed out segment — is the growing focus of the fitness industry in India." For corporate executives, health is often an important consideration. They have various problems ranging from spondilyosis, to posture and stress-related issues. The fitness equipment market in India was estimated to be worth 12.5 bn IN 2008; and was expected to reach INR 63.3 bn by 2012. The annual growth rate is expected to be around 50%. The key segments in the sector are the home segment and the institutional segment. As a whole establishing Fitness Equipments Unit is one of the project which has good prospect for the entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Cosco (India) Ltd. Cravatex Ltd. Gympac Fitness Systems Pvt. Ltd. Splendor Fitness Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Elliptical Trainers: 21000 Nos. / Annum•Treadmill: 21000 Nos. / Annum•Exercise Bikes: 21000 Nos. / AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 65 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 298 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 65.00%
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Sodium Silicate from Rice Husk/Hull - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Rice husk a major by-product of the rice milling industry, is one of the most commonly available lignocellulosic materials that can be converted to different types of fuels and chemical feedstocks through a variety of thermo chemical conversion processes. During milling of paddy about 78 % of weight is received as rice, broken rice and bran. Rest 22 % of the weight of paddy is received as husk. This husk is used as fuel in the rice mills to generate steam for the parboiling process. This husk contains about 75 % organic volatile matter and the balance 25 % of the weight of this husk is converted into ash during the firing process, is known as rice husk ash. The silicates are used as a fire-resisting binder for asbestos and other similar insulating materials, as a binding cement. They are also employed in the preparation of cores and moulds for casting molten metals. Sodium silicates are used in the composition of acid resisting and refractory cements. Other uses of the silicate are as follows: as a suspension agent in are purification processes, from industrial wastes, for water proofing stone products, as a coating material in the packing materials, such as wooden panels, paper or cardboard boxes, for the insulation of electric copper wires, in the preservation of eggs. The Midwest U.S. market for sodium silicate is highly concentrated, with only four competitors. The competitors are PQ Corporation, Occidental Chemical Corporation, INEOS Group Limited, and W.R. Grace & Company. PQ Corporation is a leading global producer of silicate, zeolite, and other performance materials serving the detergent, pulp and paper, chemical, petroleum, catalyst, water treatment, construction, and beverage markets. The future demand for sodium silicate is a function of growth of the end-user industries, mainly soap and detergent factories, pulp and paper mills, paint, pigment and adhesive factories. Information obtained from Ethiopian Investment Authority give strong indication that private investment in the aforementioned industries is bound to grow. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Abhiraami Chemicals Ltd. Balls & Cylpebs Ltd. Shri Aster Silicates Ltd.
Plant capacity: 6000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 144 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 374 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Poultry Feed - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Cost of Project

Poultry feed is needed to produce poultry, a substantial part of the food industry. Feeds are used as edible materials, which are consumed poultry and contribute energy and/or nutrients to the poultry diet. Feed is needed to produce poultry, which are substantial parts of the food industry. Poultry includes the following: Chickens, Turkeys, Ducks, Guineas, Pigeons, Pheasant, Ostrich, Peafowl and Swan etc. The size of the food industry depends on population, which is not constant. Two international Hatcheries viz. the Arbor Acres and the shaver, which started their operation in India in early 1960’s, created a large market for quality poultry feeds in North as well as in Western India. It was formed necessary to provide well-balanced feed to the hybrid birds to exploit their genetic potential to the maximum. Efficient chick starter and growing mashes aid proper development of chicks and pullets. Proteins, largely of vegetable origin, in the growing mesh, encourage the normal development of pullets and help them to lay lower. These are fed to which when they are 24 hours old. Industries playing increasing roles in the struggle against world hunger include the poultry industry, which require less capital to enter than other animal industries, and the feed industry, which provides economical, feeds upon which the poultry industry depends. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Intercorp Biotech Ltd. Japfa Comfeed India Pvt. Ltd. Jupiter Biotech Ltd. Kapila Krishi Udyog Ltd. Kerala Feeds Ltd. Khandesh Extraction Ltd. Kirti Dal Mills Ltd. Kumar Food Inds. Ltd. Kwality Dairy (India) Ltd. Kwality Feeds Ltd. Lakshmi Energy & Foods Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Lipton India Ltd. Maharashtra Agro-Inds. Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Maheshwari Solvent Extraction Ltd. Mapro Industries Ltd. Nova Chemie (India) Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Parakh Foods Ltd. Piccadily Agro Inds. Ltd. Pioneer Feeds & Poultry Products Pvt. Ltd. Pranav Agro Inds. Ltd. Prima Agro Ltd. Puri Oil Mills Ltd. Rainbow Agri Inds. Ltd. S K M Animal Feeds & Foods (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: 72000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 294 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1167 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 56.00%
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HDPE/PP Woven Sacks - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

HDPE/PP oriented strips are becoming increasingly popular in India & have caught the eye of many end users for their requirement of packing materials. They have become popular on account of their inertness towards chemical, moisture & excellent resistance towards rotting & fungus attack. They are non toxic. Lighter in weight & have more advantages than conventional bags. PP/HDPE woven sacks laminated with LDPE/PP liner have wider applications. HDPE woven sacks are much stronger & can withstand much higher impact loads because of HDPE strips elongation at break is about 15-25% as compared to 30% of Jute. These sacks are much cleaner & resist fungal attack. Jute prices are very unstable in the market since Jute is an agriculture product. These sacks have many advantages over other conventional sacks materials & are quite competitive in price. The major users of HDPE/PP woven sacks are fertilizer, sugar, cattle feed, cement & other chemical Industries. Oil seeds, salt, starch, pesticides, detergents & many other items are also being packed in woven sacks. Fabric from HDPE strips is also ideal for the manufacture of shopping bags, sport hold-all, deck chairs, books binding Cinema screen wall facing & carpet backing etc. Woven sacks enjoy a good market in India and will continue to do so in the coming years. Plastic woven sacks are rapidly replacing jute bags because they have often various advantages over the conventional jute fabrics as packaging materials. They have excellent chemical resistance; they are light in weight and more suitable for packing of various chemicals in the form of granules and powder. They are also: Stronger and can withstand much higher impact loads. Their elongation at break is 15 to 25 per cent compared to 3 per cent for jute; they are much cleaner, both in use and production and can be used to handle food products as they are resistant to fungal attack. Because of such superior properties of plastic woven sacks, it has high demand everywhere. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. ? Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Aditya Polymers Ltd. Kamakhya (India) Ltd. Neo Corp Intl. Ltd. Nirmaan India Ltd. Oripol Industries Ltd. Polyspin Exports Ltd. Primo Pick N Pack Ltd. Propene Products Ltd. Prudential Polywebs Ltd. S P L Industries Ltd. (Maharashtra) Safepack Polymers Ltd. Shankar Packagings Ltd. Tulsyan N E C Ltd.
Plant capacity: 36000000 Nos. / AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 294 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 1046 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 55.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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