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50 Projects To Start With 5,00,000 (Reprint Edition)

50 Projects To Start With 5,00,000 (Reprint Edition)

Author: Jamuna Muralidharan
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9788178330600
Code: NI54
Pages: 296
Price: Rs. 475.00   US$ 12.84

Published: 2003
Publisher: Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
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The small scale sector is assuming greater importance every day. Hundreds of thousands of people start their own businesses every year, and untold more dream about the possibility of becoming their own bosses. While entrepreneurship has its many potential rewards, it also carries unique challenges. You need to understand the environment to set up an enterprise of your own. Setting up a business requires many things. Understanding yourself, understanding market, availing funds are certain basic things that one must mandatorily know before making a business decision.

Startup India Stand up

Our Prime Minister unveiled a 19-point action plan for start-up enterprises in India. Highlighting the importance of the Standup India Scheme, Hon’ble Prime minister said that the job seeker has to become a job creator. Prime Minister announced that the initiative envisages loans to at least two aspiring entrepreneurs from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Women categories. It was also announced that the loan shall be in the ten lakh to one crore rupee range.

A startup India hub will be created as a single point of contact for the entire startup ecosystem to enable knowledge exchange and access to funding. Startup India campaign is based on an action plan aimed at promoting bank financing for start-up ventures to boost entrepreneurship and encourage startups with jobs creation.

Startup India is a flagship initiative of the Government of India, intended to build a strong ecosystem for nurturing innovation and Startups in the country. This will drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities. The Government, through this initiative aims to empower Startups to grow through innovation and design.

What is Startup India offering to the Entrepreneurs?

Stand up India backed up by Department of Financial Services (DFS) intents to bring up Women and SC/ST entrepreneurs. They have planned to support 2.5 lakh borrowers with Bank loans (with at least 2 borrowers in both the category per branch) which can be returned up to seven years.

PM announced that “There will be no income tax on startups’ profits for three years”

PM plans to reduce the involvement of state government in the startups so that entrepreneurs can enjoy freedom.

No tax would be charged on any startup up to three years from the day of its establishment once it has been approved by Incubator.

Basically this book gives you the opportunity to choose your ideal project among the 50 projects described. Some of them are: dish antenna manufacturing unit, voltage transformer, S.M.P.S unit, sanitary article shop, screen printing, computer centre, detergent powder, liquid indigo, liquid phenyl, leather jacket, airbag and purse, handmade bricks, bamboo sticks, goat farming etc. This book also explains employment assurance scheme, how to increase the sales, knowing more about bank loan, loan facilities for women entrepreneurs, small scale service business enterprise, etc.
The book has been written for the benefit of small entrepreneurs who do not wish to invest large amount and case has been taken to present the matter in a very simple and comprehensive language so that person without much technical background can grasp the subject easily. More than 50 profitable products have been included in this book with brief project profiles, processes, addresses of machinery and raw material suppliers. This is very helpful book for new entrepreneurs, consultants, libraries etc.

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Paper Envelopes Manufacturing Unit
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Sample Chapters

(Following is an extract of the content from the book)
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[p]Paper envelopes are among those stationery items whose demand is consistently increasing. The most popular and commonly used envelops are small envelopes, long envelopes, official envelopes, envelopes that are used for correspondence. The small sized envelopes are used for keeping medicines, long or big sized envelopes are used for keeping magazines, catalogues, invitation cards etc, official envelopes are used for official correspondence etc. The envelopes that are made up of useless papers are generally used to keep general items, medicine and other kinds of material. Seeing the trend that the people put the smallest piece of paper in envelopes their is no doubt that the used of envelopes is constantly increasing. There can be different types of envelopes namely:[/p]

[li]Plain envelopes[/li]
[li]Coloured envelopes[/li]
[li]Printed (company's name and address)[/li]
[li]Envelopes with windows[/li]
[li]Envelopes made of useless papers etc.[/li]

[p]The production process of these envelopes is almost similar but alterations can always be made according to requirements., In the given unit envelopes of meplitho paper would be made and the ones to be used for packing purpose at departmental stores big envelopes would also be made for sending magazines catalogue, postage etc. For the sales of these envelopes, stationery shops offices and departmental stores would be contacted.[/p]

[h2]Production Process[/h2]

[p]The production process of envelopes is quite easy. First, all paper or craft paper is fixed over each other and then punch machine (or envelopes making machine) and dies are used to cut envelopes of a definite size. After the application of gum, these are left to dry. After they dry completely, they are arranged in cartons and sent to markets.[/p]

[h2]Production Target[/h2]

[tr][th]S.No.[/th][th]Details[/th][th]Qnty[/th] [th]Rate[/th] [th]Total Income[/th][/tr]
[tr][td]1.[/td] [td]White and coloured enveloped made up of meplitho paper, 9x15 cm, 11x17c.m and 13x28 cm[/td][td]10 lakh envelopes[/td][td]562.5/- per thousand[/td][td]Rs.5.625 lakh[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td] [td]Brown and white envelops up of craft paper 6 lakh made upto average 26x31 cm[/td] [td] 6 lakh[/td][td]1250 per thousand[/td][td]7.5 lakh[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]3.[/td] [td]Envelopes of different size made up of useless papers[/td][td]10 lakh envelops[/td][td]125/-Rs per thousand[/td] [td]1.25 lakh[/td][/tr]
[tr][td][/td][td]Total[/td][td][/td][td][/td][td]14.375 lakh[/td] [/tr]

[h2]Financial Aspect of the Unit[/h2]

[h3]Working Place[/h3]

[p]For the proposed unit about 800 sq.ft. of working place which can be rented or bought according to the entrepreneurs convenience.[/p]


[tr][th]S.No.[/th][th]Details[/th] [th]No.[/th] [th]Rate[/th] [th]Total Cost[/th][/tr]
[tr][td]1.[/td] [td]Paper cutting machine(of 1H.P along with the motor)[/td][td]1[/td][td]37500[/td][td]37500[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td] [td]Envelope making machine size being 24x36 (5H.P
alongwith the motor)[/td][td]1[/td][td]87500[/td][td]87500[/td] [/tr]
[tr][td]3.[/td] [td]Dies for cutting envelopes (of different sizes)[/td][td]8[/td][td]1250[/td][td]10000[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]4.[/td] [td]Different tools and other supporting equipments[/td][td][/td][td][/td][td]2500[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]5.[/td] [td]Sales tax over machines[/td][td][/td][td][/td] [td]12500[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]6.[/td] [td]Electrification installation charges[/td][td][/td][td][/td][td]6250[/td][/tr]
[tr][td][/td][td]Total[/td][td][/td][td][/td] [td]156250[/td][/tr]

[h2]Raw Materials (Annual)[/h2]

[tr[th]S.No.[/th][th]Details[/th][th]Qnty[/th][th]Rate[/th] [th]TotalCost (Rs)[/th][/tr]
[tr] [td] 1.[/td][td]Meplitho paper(white and other paper 70 GSM and more)[/td] [td]8 tonnes[/td][td]56250/-tonne[/td] [td]450000[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td][td]Scrap Paper[/td][td]14 tonnes[/td][td]31250/-tonne[/td][td]437500[/td][/tr]
[tr] [td]3.[/td][td]Useless paper[/td] [td]15 tonnes[/td] [td]4375/-tonne[/td][td]65625[/td][/tr]
[tr] [td]4.[/td][td]Adhesive and other consumables[/td][td][/td][td][/td][td]18750[/td][/tr]


[tr][th] S.No.[/th][th]Details[/th][th]No.[/th] [th]Salary[/th] [th]Total Salary[/th][/tr]
[tr][td]1.[/td][td]Manager[/td][td]1[/td][td]1875[/td][td]1875 [/td][/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td][td]Machine operator[/td][td]1[/td][td]1875[/td] [td]1875[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]3.[/td] [td]Helper[/td] [td]2[/td][td]1250[/td][td] 2500[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]4.[/td] [td]Unskilled labour[/td][td]4[/td][td]750[/td] [td]3000[/td][/tr]

[h2]Printing Cost Over Envelopes[/h2]

[p]Printing or screen printing is done on the envelopes as per the customer demands. This work is done with Screen printing process or a tradle/offset press, around 6250/- would be spent on this head.[/p]


[p]Around 7HP electricity connections is needed for this unit over which the monthly expenditure is estimated to be Rs 2500/-.[/p]

[h2]Miscellaneous Expenses[/h2]

[tr][td]1.[/td] [td]Advertising and Insurance[/td] [td]625[/td] [/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td] [td]Maintenance/Repairs[/td][td]625[/td][/tr]
[tr] [td]3.[/td][td]Travelling/Carrying Charges[/td][td]625[/td] [/tr]
[tr][td]4.[/td] [td]Telephone[/td][td]500[/td][/tr]
[tr] [td]5.[/td][td]Stationary/postage[/td] [td]250[/td][/tr]
[tr] [td]6.[/td][td]Others[/td][td]625[/td][/tr]

[h2]Total Working Capital (Monthly)[/h2]

[tr][td] 1.[/td][td]Raw Material[/td][td]80990[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]4.[/td][td]Misc. Expenditure[/td][td]3250[/td][/tr] [tr][td]5.[/td][td]Rent of working Place[/td] [td]2000[/td][/tr]
[tr] [td]6.[/td][td]Printing charges over the envelopes[/td] [td]6250[/td][/tr]

[h2]Total Investment[/h2]

[tr][td]2.[/td][td]Other fixed assets (Racks, table, furniture etc.)[/td][td]12500[/td][/tr]
[tr] [td]3.[/td][td]Working capital (monthly)[/td] [td]104240[/td][/tr]

[h2]Finance for the Unit (PMRY)[/h2]

[tr][td]1.[/td][td]Margin Money 5%[/td][td]13649.5[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td][td]Bank Loan 95%[/td][td]259340.5[/td][/tr] [tr][td][/td][td]Total[/td][td]272990[/td][/tr]

[h2]Annual Production Cost[/h2]

[tr][td]1.[/td][td]Working capital[/td] [td]1250880 [/td] [/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td][td]Depreciation of Machines/Equipments[/td] [td]15625[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]3.[/td][td]Interest over Bank loan[/td] [td]40198[/td][/tr]

[h2]Profitability of the Unit[/h2]

[tr][td]1.[/td][td]Annual Profits[/td] [td]130797[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]2.[/td] [td]Monthly Profit[/td] [td]10899.75[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]3.[/td] [td]Break Even Point[/td][td]46.18%[/td] [/tr]

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