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Production of Polyester Fiber from Corn/Starch

Monday, December 10, 2018

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Production of Polyester Fiber from Corn/Starch. Corn Fibre Manufacturing Business

Polyester fibers are manufactured from recycled or virgin PET. These fibers can be colored by the method of pigmentation or dope dyeing. Polyester fibers can be classified as staple fibers and bulk continuous fibers (BCF) depending on their length. These fibers can also be manufactured in various geometries such as square, rectangular, triangular, hexagonal and circular depending upon the area of application.

Polyester is the most used and most preferred fibre in the textiles industry due to its better physical properties, lower price, versatility, and recyclability, which offer a completely unique set of benefits unmatched by any other natural or synthetic fibres.

Polyester fibers are extremely strong, resistant to most chemicals and shrinking, stretching, abrasion, wrinkle and mildew resistant. Polyester fibers are hydrophobic in nature and dry quickly. Therefore, they can be used to provide insulation in the form of hollow fibers. Polyester fibers withstand wear and tear longer than cotton and retain their shapes in extreme climatic conditions and are thus preferred for manufacturing outdoor clothing.

Polyester fiber offers superior properties and is cost-effective than the substitute products making it one of the preferred materials for the textile manufacturers. Increasing use of this cost efficient and superior quality product in fabrics used for industrial purposes will further drive the polyester fiber market in the upcoming years.

Corn Fiberis made using fermentation of simple plant sugar to create a range of textile products and applications. Although the fiber itself comes from corn starch, which generates a lactic acid (the basis for a polymer) by fermentation, it is not "natural" since there is chemical transformation. It is however considered 'renewable' since it does not come from a fossil product.

Corn fiber is a manmade fiber derived entirely from annually renewable resources. These fibers have the performance advantages often associated with synthetic materials, and complementing properties of natural products such as cotton and wool. Corn fibre is composed of lactic acid, which is produced by converting corn starch into sugar & then fermenting it to get lactic acid. Lactic acid can be considered a commodity chemical sleeping giant, with advantages including:

·         It can be made from biomass.

·         It has both a hydroxyl group and a carboxylic acid group.

·         It is optically active.

The fabric made from corn fibre is easy to care for, cheap and very comfortable to wear. Moreover, it is stain-resistant and UV resistant. This fabric can be used for several applications such as readymade apparel, diapers, bedding, carpets and upholstery. Moreover, the production of this fabric requires the use of less fuel, and is hence environment-friendly as well.

Advantage of Corn Fibre:

·         High melting point.

·         High crystallization degree and good clarity.

·         The fiber also has the high strength which is same as normal poly fiber, so its use is very abroad.

The Corn fiber has the characteristics of lustrous silk, has excellent hand touch and brightness and so on. Garments in corn fiber reportedly demonstrated good soil release, quick drying and show excellent after-wash appearance.


Market Outlook

The soluble corn fibre market can be segmented on the basis of its application as food & beverages, nutraceuticals and clinical nutrition, animal nutrition and others. It can also be classified on the basis of end-user usage pattern of soluble corn fibre into breakfast, lunch, dinner and on-the-go eating. One of the major advantages of soluble corn fibre is, it can be used as low-calorie fillings in a range of food items, specially baked goods and confectionery. In addition, there is a growing demand for soluble corn fibres in frozen entrees such as pasta and tortillas in packaged food industry. Regionally, the market can be divided into Asia-Pacific, North America (the U.S., Canada and Mexico), Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East and North Africa, and Rest of the World (Latin America and South Africa).

With the rise in disposable income and a shift towards leading a healthy life, the industry has felt an augmented demand for soluble corn fibres. In addition, advancement in food technologies to produce label-friendly products happens to be a major supply side driver of this market. One of the restraints of the market could be the process stability of corn-soluble ingredients as these products are highly application specific.


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