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Copper Cathode Production from Copper Scrap

Monday, August 20, 2018

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Copper is one of the basic chemical elements. In its nearly pure state, copper is a reddish-orange metal known for its high thermal and electrical conductivity. It is commonly used to produce a wide variety of products, including electrical wire, cooking pots and pans, pipes and tubes, automobile radiators, and many others. Copper is also used as a pigment and preservative for paper, paint, textiles, and wood. It is combined with zinc to produce brass and with tin to produce bronze.

Copper cathode is the primary raw material input for the production of copper rod for the wire and cable industry. The major uses of copper cathodes are in the manufacture of copper rods for the wire and cable industry and copper tubes for consumer durable goods. Copper cathodes are also used for making alloys like brass, bronze and alloy steel, with applications in transportation, electrical appliances and machinery, defence and construction.

Copper cathode is a form of copper that has a purity of 99.95%. In order to remove impurities from copper ore, it undergoes two processes, smelting and electrorefining. The resulting, nearly pure copper is an excellent conductor and is often used in electrical wiring.


i)        It is in making electrical cables.

ii)       It is used in making coins.

iii)      It is used in making alloys like brass, German silver.

iv)      It is Rold Gold, constantan, bell metal etc.

v)       It is used in making utensils.

vi)      It is used in making scientific equipments like caloriemeter boilers etc.

As an excellent conductor of electricity and heat, copper cathode is often used to make copper wire. The pliable nature of copper makes it an excellent choice for electrical and audio wires, which must be thin and flexible. Aside from wire, copper cathode is also used to make copper cake, which ranges in thickness from thin foils to thick plates. Ingots of electro-refined copper may also be used to make alloys, such as bronze. Copper cathode is the primary raw material input for the production of copper rod for the wire and cable industry.

Market Outlook

Copper cathode is a form of copper that exhibits purity of more than 95%. It is the primary raw material utilized in the production of copper rod, which is employed in several industries. Pure copper exhibits excellent electrical conductivity.

The copper cathode market can be segmented based on refining process type, application, and region. Copper cathode is produced through the refining process, which helps in the removal of impurities from copper ore. Based on refining process type, the copper cathode market can be segmented into smelting and electro-refining. Smelting is a type of refining process for extracting pure form of copper from its ore. It uses heat and chemical reducing agent for decomposition of copper ore, elimination of unwanted slag, and other elements for obtaining pure copper cathode. Electro-refining is a process, wherein copper ore is carried out in the presence of using aqueous solution for extracting pure form of copper cathode. Electro-refining is a process that produces majority of copper cathode. Copper cathode is used in oil & gas, chemical labs, and various other industries. It is used in power generation, telecommunications, electronic circuits, power transmission, and various types of electrical equipment. Through electro-refining process, copper cathode is used in obtaining remaining impurities present in the copper ore. Impurities in copper ore consist of traces of gold, silver, nickel, and others.

The global Copper Cathode Market witnessed a growth in the anticipated period. Improved cathode sampling and analytical methods are essential to conform to the specification for manufacture and processing of copper cathodes. A significant approach in terms of better sampling plan is to enable collection of saw cuttings or cut sections from cathodes which is then melted and cast to gain adequate impurity illustration.

Driving factors for copper cathode market includes advancing of refining techniques and availability of high-grade cathode specifications coupled with stringent requirements for cast rod. Also, enhanced cathode sampling and analytical methods needed for confirmation specification compliance contributes to the market growth. Based on product segmentation for copper cathode market includes high quality level and standard quality level. Based on end-user, the copper cathode market includes conductor and electronic products.

Geographically, Asia copper cathode industry is spread across China, India, Japan, Korea, Saudi Arabia and other regions. Various products types in Asia’s copper cathode market are standard quality level and high quality level. Copper cathode is used in manufacturing of conductors, electronic products and in other industries.


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