Handbook on Herbal Drugs and its Plant Sources

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Handbook on Herbal Drugs and its Plant Sources

Author: H. Panda
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 8186623736
Code: NI97
Pages: 596
Price: Rs. 1,000.00   US$ 100.00

Published: 2004
Publisher: National Institute of Industrial Research
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India is a large repository of herbal drugs and become a big centre and fountain in the field of herbal therapy and beautification. Treatment through the herbs is very popular in the ancient time in Indian subcontinent and now approaching to new boundaries. Plants had been used for medicinal purposes long before recorded history. It is becoming more main stream as improvements in analysis and quality control along with advances in clinical research show the value of herbal medicine in the treating and preventing disease. Herbal medicine is used to treat many conditions, such as asthma, eczema, migraine, etc. Medicinal plants have been used as a major source of therapeutic agents by human being for thousands of years. Ancient men obtained more than 90% of his medicaments from higher plants. However, the importance of plants as a source of drugs decreased to certain extent. In spite of the fact that synthetic drugs and antibiotics have improved the life expectancy of man, plants still constitute as one of the major sources of raw materials for drugs all over the world. Now a day people are very much aware of the ingredients in synthetic drugs, the benefits of plant products and harmful effects of chemical ingredients. Herbal drugs are in huge demand in the developed world for health care for the reason that they are efficient, safe and have lesser side effects. The formulations based on herbs are safe and effective.
The major content of this book are an ancient drug for filariasis, tribal remedies against snake bite and scorpion stings in Rajasthan, traditional herbal contraceptives from North-West Uttar Pradesh, cervical spondylosis through herbal drugs, medicinal uses of cucurbits, traditional Chinese herbal drugs in the light of scientific studies, significant medical plant, medicinal and poisonous plants in history.

This particular book clearly describes chemical analysis, the original source drugs, biological activity, herbal preparation of medicine, and many more. This book also contains description of more than 200 medicinal plants which is beneficial to scientists and scholars.

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Contents

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1. An Ancient Drug for Filariasis
2. Tribal Remedies against Snake Bite And Scorpion stings in Rajasthan
3.Traditional Herbal Contraceptives from North-West Uttar Pradesh
4.Cervical Spondylosis through Herbal Drugs and withania Somnifera Dunol and Smilax China Linn. : A Preliminary Clinical Study
5.Medicinal uses of Cucurbits
6.Medicinally and Biologically Important Seed Oil
7.Ultramorphology in Authentication of traditional Herbal Drugs
8.Traditional Chinese Herbal Drugs in the Light of Scientific Studies
9.Significant Medical Plant
10.Medicinal and Poisonous Plants in History
11.Studies on Nepeta Ruderalis Hamitt Examination
of the Petroleum Ether Extractive of the Flower and Stems
12. Isolation of New compound From Lavandule
13. Stoechas Linn
13.Herbal Preparations
14.List of Medicinal Plants
Abroma (Sterculiacease)
Acacia (Mimosaceae)
Acalypha (Eupharbiuaceae)
Acathospermum (Asteraceae)
Acer (Aceraceae)
Achillea (Asteraceae)
Achyranthes (Amaranthaceae)
Aconitum (Ranunculaceae)
Acorus (Araceae)
Acronychia (Rutaceae)
Adhatoda (Acanthaceae)
Adoxa (Caprifoliaceae)
Aegle (Rutaceae)
Ailanthus (Simaroubaceae)
Alangium (Alangiaceae)
Albizia (Minesaceae)
Alisma (Alismataceae)
Allamanda (Apocynaceae)
Allium (Liliaceae)
Aleo (Liliaceae)
Aloysia (Verbenaceae)
Alpinia (Zingiberaceae)
Alstonia (Apocynaceae)
Amaranthus (Amarantha (ene)
Ammi (Apiaceae)
Ananas (Brameliaceae)
Andrographis (Acanthaceae)
Annona (Annomaceae)
Anthemis (Asteraceae)
Antirrhinum (Scorphulariaceae)
Apium (Apiaceae)
Argemone (Papaveraceae)
Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae)
Arnebia (Boraginaceae)
Artemisia (Asteraceae)
Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae)
Asparagus (Liliaceae)
Aster (Asteraceae)
Atropa (Salanaceae)
Bacopa (Scrophulariaceae)
Banistereopsis (Malpighiaceae)
Berberis (Berberidaceae)
Betula (Betulaceae)
Boerhavia (Nyctaginaceae)
Boswellia (Barseraceae)
Brassica (Brassicaceae)
Brucea (Simaroubaceae)
Calendula (Asterceae)
Calophyllum (Clusiaceae)
Cannabis (Cannabaceae)
Canscora (Gentionaceae)
Capparis (Capparaceae)
Capsicum (Solanaceae)
Carica (Caesalpiniaceae)
Carpesium (Asteraceae)
Cassia (Caesalpiniaceae)
Catharanthus (Apoynaceae)
Cedrus (Pinaceae)
Centaurea (Asterceae)
Centella (Apiaceae)
Centratherum (Asteraceae)
Cephaelis (Rubiaceae)
Cephalotaxus (Cephalotoxaceae)
Cichorium (Asteraceae)
Cinchona (Rubiaceae)
Cinnamomum (Cephalotoxaceae)
Citrus (Rutaceae)
Claviceps (Claricipilaceae)
Cleistanthus (Eupharbiaceae)
Clerodendrum (Verbenaceae)
Cocculus (Minispermaceae)
Colchicum (Liliaceae)
Coleus (Lamiaceae)
Commiphora (Burseraceae)
Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae)
Corchorus (Tiliaceae)
Corydalis (Funariaceae)
Costus (Zingiberaceae)
Crotalaria (Papilionaceae)
Croton (Eupharbizceae)
Cucurbita (Amaryllidaceae)
Curculigo (Amaryllidaceae)
Curcuma (Zingiberaceae)
Cuscuta (Cuscutaceae)
Cyamopsis (Papailionaceae)
Cyclea (Menispermaceae)
Datisca (Datiscaceae)
Datura (Solonaceae)
Dauncus (Apiaceae)
Delonix (Caesalpiniaceae)
Desmodium (Rutaceae)
Dictamnus (Scrophulariaceae)
Digitalis (Ebenaceae)
Diospyros (Meliaceae)
Dyxoxylum (Myrsinaceae)
Embelia (Myrsinaceae)
Enicostemma (Gentianaceae)
Epilobium (Onagraceae)
Ervatamia (Apecynaceae)
Erythroxylum (Erythroxylaceae)
Eucalyptus (Mytraceae)
Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)
Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae)
Fagraea (Loganiaceae)
Ferula (Apiaceae)
Ficus (Moraceae)
Fritillaria (Liliaceae)
Fumaria (Fumariaceae)
Gardenia (Rubiaceae)
Geranicum (Geraniaceae)
Gloriosa (Liliaceae)
Glycyrrhiza (Papilianaceae)
Gossypium (Ranunculaceae)
Hedera (Araliaceae)
Hedychium (Zingiberaceae)
Helleborus (Ranunculaceae)
Hibiscus (Malraceas)
Hippomane (Euphorbiaceae)
Holarrhena (Apocynaceae)
Hordeum (Poaceae)
Humulus (Moraceae)
Hunnemannia (Pappaveraceae)
Hypericum (Hypericaceae)
Hyphaene (Arecaceae)
Iberis (Brassicaceae)
Indigofera (Papilionaceae)
Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae)
Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae)
Lantana (Verbenaceae)
Lepidium (Brassicaceae)
Leucas (Lamiaceae)
Liriodendron (Mangnoliaceae)
Lycopodium (Lycopodiaceae)
Madhuca (Sapotaceae)
Magnolia (Magnoliaceae)
Mammea (Clasiaceae)
Matricaria (Asteraceae)
Maytenus (Celastraceae)
Medicago (Papilionaceae)
Melilotus (Papilionaceae)
Mentha (Lamiaceae)
Morus (Moraceae)
Nelumbium (Nymphaeaceae)
Nepeta (Lamiaceae)
Nerium (Apocynaceae)
Nicotiana (Solanaceae)
Nigella (Ranunculaceae)
Nothapodytes (Icacinaceae)
Ocimum (Lamiaceae)
Ophiorhiza (Rubiaceae)
Pachygone (Menispermaceae)
Panax (Araliaceae)
Papaver (Papaveraceae)
Parthenium (Asteraceae)
Paspalum (P. scrobiculatum L.)
Phaseolus (Papilionaceae)
Picrorhiza (Scrophalariacear)
Pimpinella (Apiacene)
Piper (Piperaceae)
Plumeria (Apocynaceae)
Podocarpus (Padocarpaceae)
Psoralea (Papilionaceae)
Pterocarpus (Papilionceae)
Rauvolfia (Apocynaceae)
Robina (Papilionaceae)
Rosa (Rosaceae)
Rosmarinus (Lamiaceae)
Roylea (Lamiaceae)
Saccharum (Poaceae)
Sagittaria (Alismataceae)
Salacia (Celastraceae)
Salvadora (Salvadraceae)
Saliva (Celastraceae)
Samadera (Simaroubaceae)
Sapindus (Sapindaceae)
Saraca (Caesalpiniaceae)
Schefflera (Araliaceae)
Selinum (Apiaceae)
Semecarpus (Anacardiaceae)
Sesbania (Papilionaceae)
Shorea (Dipteracarpaceae)
Sida (Malvaceae)
Silybum (Asteraceae)
Solanum (Solanaceae)
Solidago (Asteraceae)
Sophora (Papilionaceae)
Stephania (Menispermacene)
Strophanthus (Apacynaceae)
Strychnos (Strychnaceae)
Swertia (Gentianaceae)
Tagetes (Asteraceae)
Taxus (Taxaceae)
Tecomella (Bignoniaceae)
Tectona (Verbenaceae)
Terminalia (Combretaceae)
Thalictrum (Ranunculaceae)
Thevetia (Apocynaceae)
Tiliacora (Menispermaceae)
Tinospora (Minispermaceae)
Tithonia (Asteraceae)
Toona (Meliaceae)
Trifolium (Papilionaceae)
Tylophora (Asclepiadaceae)
Valeriana (Valerianaceae)
Vicia (Papilionaceae)
Wikstroemia (Thymelaeaceae)
Withania (Solanaceae)
Woodfordia (Lythraceae)
Xanthium (Asteraceae)
Xylia (Mimosaceae)
Zea (Poaceae)
Zingiber (Zingiberaceae)
Zygophyllum (Zygophyllaceae)
15.Overseas Suppliers & Buyers

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Sample Chapters


(Following is an extract of the content from the book)
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HERBAL PREPARATIONS

ACETUM MYLABRIS

(Acet. Mylab.)

VINEGAR OF MYLABRIS

[td colspan="2"]a sufficient quantity[td colspan="2"]a sufficient quantity
MetricImperial
Mylabris, bruised100 g.2o z.
Glacial acetic acid
Distilled water

Macerate the mylabris with 900 ml. (18 fl. oz.) of a mixture of equal volumes of glacial acetic acid and distilled water for twenty-four hours, transfer to a percolator; when the liquid ceases to pass, pour sufficient of the same menstruum in successive portions over the contents of the percolator to produce 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.).

ACETUM URGINEAE

(Acet. Urg.)

VINEGAR OF URGINEA

MetricImperial
Urginea, braised100 g.2 oz.
Dilute acetic acid1000 ml.20 fl. oz.

Macerate the urginea with the dilute acetic acid in a closed vessel for seven days with occasional stirring. Drain off the liquid, press the mare; mix the two liquids; heat to boiling. Set aside for seven days; filter.

Standards- Specific Gravity at 20º, 1.017-1.032. Acidity: 10 ml. After a wild 10 ml. of water requires for neutralization not less than 9.0 ml., and not more than 10.5 ml. of N/I sodium hydroxide, using solution of phenolphthalein as indicator.

Dose-0.6 to 2 ml. (10 to 30 min.)

AQUA ANETHI CONCENTRATA

(Aq. Aneth. Cone.)

CONCENTRATED INDIAN DILL WATER

MetricImperial
Oil of Indian dill20 ml.192 min
Alcohol (90 percent600 ml.12 fl. oz.
Distilled Waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Dissolve the oil of Indian dill in the alcohol and add sufficient distilled water in successive small quantities to produce the requied volume shaking vigorously after each addition. Add 50 g. (1 oz.) of purified talc and shake; allow standing for a few hours, occasionally shaking, and filter.

Standard- Alcohol Content: 50-56 per cent v/v.

Dose- 0.3 to 1 ml. (5 to 15 min.).

This concentrated water, when diluted with 39 times its volume of distilled water, yields a preparation which is approximately equivalent in strength to distilled Indian dill water, but contains 1.5 per cent v/v of alcohol (90 per cent).

AQUA ANETHI DESTILLATA

(Aq. Aneth. Dest.)

DISTILLED INDIAN DILL WATER

MetricImperial
Indian dill fruit 100 g2 oz.
Water2000 ml.40 fl. oz.

Distil 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) ; filter when cold.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

When Indian dill water is ordered, distilled Indian dill water not being specified, Indian dill water prepared by any of the general methods may be dispensed.

AQUA ANISI CONCENTRATA

(Aq. Anis. Conc.)

CONCENTRATED ANISE WATER

MetricImperial
Oil of anise20 ml.192 min.
Alcohol (90 per cent)600 ml.12 fl. oz.
Distilled Waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Dissolve the oil of anise in the alcohol and add sufficient distilled water in successive small quantities to produce the requied volume shaking vigorously after each addition. Add 50 g. (1 oz.) of purified talc and shake; allow to stand for a few hours, occasionally shaking, filter.

Standard- Alcohol Content: 50-56 per cent v/v.

Dose-0.3 to 1 ml. (5 to 15 min.).

This concentrated water, when diluted with 39 times its volume of distilled water, yields a preparation which is approximately equivalent in strength to distilled anise water, but contains 1.5 per cent v/v of alcohol (90 per cent).

AQUA ANISI DESTILLATA

(Aq. Anis. Dest.)

DISTILLED ANISE WATER

MetricImperial
Anise100 g.2 oz.
Water2000 ml.40 fl. oz.

Distil 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) ; filter when cold.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

When aqua anisi is required and distilled anise water is not specified, anise water prepared by any of the general methods may be dispensed.

AQUA AURANTII CONCENTRATA

(Aq. Aurant. Conc.)

CONCENTRATED ORANGE - FLOWER WATER

MetricImperial
Oil of neroli6.2 ml.60 min.
Alcohol (90 per cent)600.0 ml.12 fl. oz.
Waterto 1000.0 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Dissolve the oil of neroli in the alcohol and add sufficient distilled water in successive small quantities to produce the required volume shaking vigorously after each addition. Add 50 g. (1 oz.) of purified talc and shake; allow to stand for a few hours, occasionally shaking, filter.

Standards-Specific Gravity at 20º, 0.920-0.930. Alcohol Content: 50-56 per cent v/v

This concentrated water, when diluted with 39 times its volume of distilled water, yields a preparation which is approximately equivalent in strength to orange flower water, but contains 1.5 per cent v/v of alcohol (90 per cent).

AQUA CARI CONCENTRATA

(Aq. Cari Conc.)

CONCENTRATED CARAWAY WATER

MetricImperial
Oil of caraway20 ml.192 min.
Alcohol (90 per cent)600 ml.12 fl. oz.
Distilled Waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Dissolve the oil of caraway in the alcohol and add sufficient distilled water in successive small quantities to produce the required volume, shaking vigorously after each addition. Add 50 g. (1 oz.) of purified talc, and shake; allow to stand for a few hours, occasionally shaking and filter.

Standard-Alcohol Content: 50-56 per cent v/v.

Dose-0.3 to 1 ml. (5 to 15 min.).

This concentrated water, when diluted with 39 times its volume of distilled water, yields a preparation which is approximately equivalent in strength to distilled caraway water, but contains 1.5 per cent v/v of alcohol (90 per cent).

AQUA CARI DESTILLATA

(Aq. Cari Dest.)

DISTILLED CARAWAY WATER

MetricImperial
Caraway100 g.2 oz.
Water2000 ml.40 fl. oz.

Distil 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); filter when cold.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

When caraway water (aqua cari or aqua carui) is ordered, distilled caraway water not being specified, caraway water prepared by any one of the general methods may be dispensed.

AQUA CARYOPHYLLI CONCENTRATA

(Aq. Caryoph. Cone.)

CONCENTRATED CLOVE WATER

MetricImperial
Oil of clove20 ml.192 min.
Alcohol (90 per cent)600 ml.12 fl. oz.
Distilled Waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Dissolve the oil of clove in the alcohol and add sufficient distilled water in successive small quantities to produce the required volume, shaking vigorously after each addition. Add 50 g. (1 oz.) of purified talc and shake; allow to stand for a few hours, occasionally shaking, filter.

Standard-Alcohol Content: 50-56 per cent v/v.

Dose-0.3 to 1 ml. (5 to 15 min.).

This concentrated water, when diluted with 39 times its volume of distilled water, yields a preparation which is approximately equivalent in strength to distilled clove water, but contains 1.5 per cent v/v of alcohol (90 per cent).

AQUA CARYOPHYLLI DESTILLATA

(Aq. Caryoph. Dest.)

DISTILLED CLOVE WATER

MetricImperial
Clove25 g. 1/2 oz.
Water2000 ml.40 fl. oz.

Distil 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) ; filter when cold.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

When aqua caryophylli is required, and distilled clove water is not specified, clove water prepared by any of the general methods may be dispensed.

AQUA CINNAMOMI CONCENTRATA

(Aq. Cinnam. Conc.)

CONCENTRATED CINNAMON WATER

MetricImperial
Oil of cinnamon20 ml.192 min.
Alcohol (90 per cent)600 ml.12 fl. oz.
Distilled Waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Dissolve the oil of cinnamon in alcohol and add sufficient water in successive small quantities to produce 1000 ml., shaking vigorously after each addition. Add 50 g. (1 oz.) of purified talc, and shake; set aside for a few hours, with occasional shaking, filter.

Standard-Alcohol Content: 50-56 per cent v/v.

Dose-0.3 to 1 ml. (5 to 15 min.).

AQUA CINNAMOMI DESTILLATA

(Aq. Cinnam. Dest.)

DISTILLED CINNAMON WATER

MetricImperial
Cinnamon, bruised100 g.2 oz.
Water2000 ml.40 fl. oz.

Distil 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) ; filter when cold.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

When cinnamon water is ordered, distilled cinnamon water not being specified, cinnamon water prepared by any of the general methods may be dispensed.

AQUA PTYCHOTIS CONCENTRATA

(Aq. Ptych. Conc.)

CONCENTRATED AJOWAN WATER

Synonym-Aqua Trachyspermum Concentrata.

MetricImperial
Oil of ajowan20 ml.192 min.
Alcohol (90 per cent)600 ml.12 fl. oz.
Distilled Waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Dissolve the oil of ajowan in the alcohol and add sufficient distilled water in successive small quantities to produce the requied volume; shake vigorously after each addition. Add 50 g. (1 oz.) of purified talc and shake; allow to stand for a few hours, occasionally shaking, filter.

Standard-Alcohol Content: 50-56 per cent v/v.

Dose-0.3 to 1 ml. (5 to 15 min.).

This concentrated water, when diluted with 39 times its volume of distilled water, yields a preparation which is approximately equivalent in strength to distilled ajowan water but contains 1.5 per cent v/v of alcohol (90 per cent).

AQUA PTYCHOTIS

(Aq. Ptych. Dest.)

DISTILLED AJOWAN WATER

Synonym-Aqua Trachyspermum

MetricImperial
Ajowan100 g.2 oz.
Water2000 ml.40 fl. oz.

Distil 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) ; filter when cold.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

When ajowan water (aqua ptychotis) is ordered, distilled ajowan water not being specified, ajowan water prepared by any of the general methods may be dispensed.

BELLADONNAE PULVERATA

(Bellad. Pulv.)

POWDERED BELLADONNA

Synonyms-Belladonna Praeparata; Pulvis Belladonnae; Prepared Belladonna Herb.

Belladonna herb reduced to a fine powder and adjusted, if necessary, either by the admixture, in suitable proportions, of powdered belladonna herb, having lower or higher alkaloids' content or by the addition of powdered, exhausted belladonna herb, powdered lactose or rice starch to contain 0.30 per cent of alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine.

Standards-Ash : Not more than 15 per cent. Acid-insoluble Ash: Not more than 3.0 per cent. Alkaloid Content: 0.28-0.32 per cent. Assay-Carry out the assay as directed under "Belladonna Herba".

CATAPLASMA LINI

(Cataplasm. Lin)

LINSEED POULTICE

MetricImperial
Crushed linseed200 g4 oz.
Boiling water500 ml.10 fl. oz.

Place the boiling water in a previously warmed basin and gradually stir in the crushed linseed with a spoon until a mass of uniform consistency is obtained. Place the poultice in a muslin bag, smear the surface of the bag with oil to prevent adhering to the skin and apply hot.

CHLOROFORMUM ACONITI

(Chlorof. Aconit.)

CHLOROFORM OF ACONITE

MetricImperial
Aconite, in moderately fine powder1000 g. 20 oz.
Dilute solution of ammonia250 ml.5 fl. oz.
Alcohol (90 per cent)a sufficient quantity Chloroform

Moisten the aconite with the dilute solution of ammonia and set aside for twenty-four hours. Transfer to a percolator and percolate with a menstruum consisting of one volume of alcohol and seven volumes of chloroform until 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) of percolate is obtained.

CHLOROFORMUM BELLADONNAE

(Chlorof. Bellad.)

CHLOROFORM OF BELLADONNA

MetricImperial
Liquid extract of belladonna500.0 ml.10 fl. oz.
Magnesium oxide, heavy4.6 g.40 gr.
Sodium sulphate exsiccated300.0 g.6 oz.
Alcohol (90 per cent)100.0 ml.2 fl. oz.
Chloroformto 1000.0 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Place the liquid extract, magnesium oxide, alcohol and 750 ml. (15 fl. oz.) of chloroform in a dry bottle and shake well; add 225 g. (4 oz.) of the exsiccated sodium sulphate, shake frequently during ten minutes and filter; to the filtrate add the reminder of the exsiccated sodium sulphate and agitate as before; filter and add sufficient chloroform to produce the required volume.

COLLODIUM BELLADONNAE

(Collod. Bellad.)

BELLADONNA COLLODION

Synonyms-Emplastrum Belladonnae Fluidum; Liquid Belladonna Plaster.

MetricImperial
Liquid extract of belladonna500 ml.10 fl. oz.
Canada balsam40 g.350 gr.
Castor oil20 ml.192 min.
Camphor15 g.131 gr.
Pyroxylin25 g.oz.
Alcohol (90 per cent)100 ml.2 fl. oz.
Etherto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz..

Mix the liquid extract of belladonna, canada balsam, castor oil, alcohol and 400 ml. (8 fl. oz.) of ether. Shake well and allow to stand for twelve hours; decant the clear liquid and strain the remainder, mix the two liquids, dissolve the camphor and pyroxylin in the mixture and add sufficient ether to produce the required volume.

CONFECTIO PIPERIS

(Conf. Piper.)

CONFECTION OF PEPPER

MetricImperial
Black pepper, in powder100 g.2 oz.
Caraway, in powder150 g.3 oz.
Purified honey750 g.15 oz.

Mix

Dose-4 to 8 g. (1 to 2 dr.).

DECOCTUM ACALYPHAE

(Dec. Acalyph.)

DECOCTION OF ACALYPHA

Synonym-Decoction of Muktajhuri.

MetricImperial
Acalypha, bruised100 g.2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil acalypha with 1500 ml. (30 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain, pour sufficient distilled water over the content of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM APII

(Dec. Api.)

DECOCTION OF CELERY

MetricImperial
Celery, in moderately coarse powder200 g. 4 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the celery with 2000 ml. (40 fl. oz.) of water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.). Strain and pour sufficient water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-8 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM ARJUNAE

(Dec. Arjun.)

DECOCTION OF ARJUN

MetricImperial
Arjun, in moderately coarse powder 200 g. 4 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the arjun with 2000 ml. (40 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain, pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM ASOKAE

(Dec. Asok.)

DECOCTION OF ASOKA

Synonym-Decoctum Saracae.

MetricImperial
Asoka, in moderately coarse powder250 g. 5 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the asoka with 2500 ml. (50 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain; pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM ASTERACANTHAE

(Dec. Asteracan.)

DECOCTION OF ASTERACANTHA

Synonym-Decoctum Hygrophyllae

MetricImperial
Asteracantha100 g.2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil asteracantha with 3000 ml. (60 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 60 ml. ( to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM CENTELLAE

(Dec. Cent.)

DECOCTION OF CENTELLA

MetricImperial
Centella, dried, cut small and bruised50 g. 1 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the centella for fifteen minutes with 1200 ml. (24 fl. oz.) of distilled water. Allow to cool, strain and, if necessary, pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-30 to 60 ml. (1 to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM CINCHONAE CONCENTRATUM

(Dec. Cinchon. Conc.)

CONCENTRATED DECOCTION OF CINCHONA

MetricImperial
Cinchona, in moderately coarse powder500 g. 10 oz.
Glycerine250 ml.5 fl. oz.
Alcohol (90 per cent)100 ml.2 fl. oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Add the cinchona to 8000 ml. (160 fl oz.) of boiling water and continue to boil in a covered vessel for ten minutes. Allow to cool, strain and wash the contents of the strainer with water. Evaporate the mixed decoction and washings to 650 ml. (13 fl. oz.); allow to cool, filter, add the glycerine, the alcohol and, if necessary, sufficient water to produce the required volume.

Standards - Specific Gravity at 20º, 1.08-1.10. Alcohol Content : 8-10 per cent v/v.

Dose - 4 to 8 ml. (60 to 120 min).

When decoction of cinchona (decoctum cinchonae) is prescribed, the concentrated decoction diluted with seven times its volume of water may be dispensed.

DECOCTUM CISSAMPELI

(Dec. Cissam.)

DECOCTION OF CISSAMPELOS

MetricImperial
Cissampelos, thinly sliced125 g.2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil cissampelos with 1200 ml. (24 fl. oz.) of distilled water for fifteen minutes; cool, strain, pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-4 to 8 ml. (60 to 120 min.).

DECOCTUM CORCHORI

(Dec. Corchor.)

DECOCTION OF CORCHORUS

MetricImperial
Corchorus, in moderately coarse powder100 g. 2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the corchorus with 2000 ml. (40 fl. oz.) of water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml.(20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM GALANGAE

(Dec. Galang.)

DECOCTION OF GALANGAL

MetricImperial
Galangal, bruised100 g2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil galangal for fifteen minutes with 1250 ml. (25 fl. oz.) of distilled water; allow to cool, strain and pour, if necessary, sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM GOSSYPH CORTICIS

(Dec. Gossyp. cort.)

DECOCTION OF COTTON ROOT BARK

MetricImperial
Cotton root bark, bruised200 g.4 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the cotton root bark with 2000 ml. (40 fl. oz.) of water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml.(20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 60 ml. ( to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM GRANATI FRUCTUS CORTICIS

(Dec. Granat. Fruct. Cort.)

DECOCTION OF POMEGRANATE RIND

MetricImperial
Pomegranate rind, in moderately coarse powder200 g.4 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the pomegranate rind with 2000 ml. (40 fl. oz.) of water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 60 ml. ( to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM GRANATI RADICIS CORTICIS

(Dec. Granat. Rad. Cort.)

DECOCTION OF POMEGRANATE ROOT BARK

MetricImperial
Pomegranate root bark, in moderately coarse powder 200 g4 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the pomegranate root bark with 2000 ml. (40 fl. oz.) of water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 60 ml. ( to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM HEMIDESMI

(Dec. Hemid.)

DECOCTION OF HEMIDESMUS

MetricImperial
Hemidesmus root, bruised100 g.2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil hemidesmus with 3000 ml. (60 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-30 to 60 ml. (1 to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM JAMBOLANAE

(Dec. Jambol.)

DECOCTION OF JAMBUL

MetricImperial
Jambul seeds, coarsely powdered100 g. 2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the jambul with 1500 ml. (30 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the content of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM KANTAKARI

(Dec. Kantak.)

DECOCTION OF KANTAKARI

Synonym-Decoctum Xanthocarpi.

MetricImperial
Kantakari, bruised125 g.2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil kantakari with 1400 ml. (28 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain; pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-30 to 60 ml. (1 to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM MATRICARIAE

(Dec. Matric.)

DECOCTION OF MATRICARIA

Synonym-Decoctum Chamomillae.

MetricImperial
Matricaria, bruised 50 g.1 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the matricaria for ten minutes with 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) of water in a covered vessel; strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

It should be freshly prepared.

Dose-60 to 120 ml. (2 to 4 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM NARDOSTACHYS

(Dec. Nardostach.)

DECOCTION OF NARDOSTACHYS

Synonym-Decoction of Jatamanshi.

l
MetricImperia
Nardostachys, bruised50g.1 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the nardostachys for ten minutes with 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.) of distilled water in a covered vessel; strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 60 ml. (½ to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM NEEM

(Dec. Neem)

DECOCTION OF NEEM

Synonym-Decoctum Azadirachtae

MetricImperial
Neem leaf, in moderately coarse powder100 g. 2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the neem leaf with 2000 ml. (40 fl. oz.) of water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml.(20 fl. oz.); strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

DECOCTUM OLDENLANDIAE

(Dec. Oldenland.)

DECOCTION OF OLDENLANDIA

Synonym-Decoction of Khetpapra

MetricImperial
Oldenlandia, in moderately coarse powder100g. 2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the oldenlandia for fifteen minutes with 1200 ml. (24 fl. oz.) of distilled water in a covered vessel; strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-30 to 60 ml. (1 to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM PAPAVERIS

(Dec. Papav.)

DECOCTION OF POPPY

MetricImperial
Poppy capsule, bruised250 g.5 oz.
Alcohol (90 per cent)250 ml.5 fl. oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil poppy capsule for ten minutes with 5000 ml. (100 fl. oz.) of water for fifteen minutes. Pour off the liquid and evaporate it to 500 ml. (10 fl. oz.). Exhaust the poppy capsule with further quantity of water, and mix with the previously reserved liquid. Allow to cool and add the alcohol. Allow to settle, decant the clear liquid, filter the remainder and mix.

Dose-2 to 8 ml. ( to 1 fl. dr).

DECOCTUM PIPERIS LONGI

(Dec. Piper. Long.)

DECOCTION OF LONG PEPPER

MetricImperial
Long pepper,in moderately coarse powder100 g. 2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the long pepper for fifteen minutes with 1200 ml. (24 fl. oz.) of distilled water in a covered vessel; strain and pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 60 ml. ( to 2 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM SYMPLOCOS

(Dec. Sympl.)

DECOCTION OF SYMPLOCOS

Synonym-Decoction of Lodh.

MetricImperial
Symplocos,in moderately coarse powder100 g 2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the symplocos with 1600 ml. (32 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain; pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.)

DECOCTUM TARAXACI

(Dec. Tarax.)

DECOCTION OF TARAXACUM

MetricImperial
Taraxacum, sliced and bruised50 g.1 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil taraxacum with 1200 ml. (24 fl. oz.) of distilled water for fifteen minutes; cool, strain, pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.).

DECOCTUM TYLOPHORAE

(Dec. Tylop.)

DECOCTION OF TYLOPHORA

MetricImperial
Tylophora, in coarse powder100 g. 2 oz.
Distilled waterto 1000 ml.to 20 fl. oz.

Boil the tylophora with 1500 ml. (30 fl. oz.) of distilled water until the volume is reduced to 1000 ml. (20 fl. oz.); strain; pour sufficient distilled water over the contents of the strainer to produce the required volume.

Dose-15 to 30 ml. ( to 1 fl. oz.)

DIGITALIS PRAEPARATA

(Digit. Praep.)

PREPARED DIGITALIS

Synonyms-Digitalis Pulverata; Powdered Digitalis.

Powdered digitalis is digitalis leaf in moderately coarse powder, no portion being rejected and adjusted, if necessary, either by the admixture in suitable proportions of powdered digitalis having higher or lower potency, or by the addition of powdered, exhausted digitalis leaf or rice starch to contain 10 international units per gram.

Characters-(a) Macroscopic: Colour green; odour slight; taste distinctly bitter.

(b) Microscopic : Epidermal cells with wavy wails; bluntly pointed, finely warty covering trichomes 3-5 cells long and fragments of the same; short glandular trichomes; storata of the ranunculaceous types. Small annular and spiral vessels, palisade and spongy mesophyll; calcium oxalate and sclerenchymatous elements absent.

Standards-Acid -insoluble Ash, Foreign Organic Matter, Loss on Drying, Cardiotonic Glycosides and Storage comply with the requirements stated under "Digitalis Folium".

Assay-Determine the activity by the biological assay of prepared digitalis. See Appendix.

Labelling-Each container should bear a label stating the number of units of activity contained in 1 g. and the weight in g. which is equivalent in activity to 1 g. of the international standard digitalis powder.

Dose-0.03 to 0.1 g. ( to 1 gr.).


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