The Complete Technology Book on Textile Spinning, Weaving, Finishing and Printing (2nd Revised Edition)

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The Complete Technology Book on Textile Spinning, Weaving,  Finishing and  Printing (2nd Revised Edition)

Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9788178331638
Code: NI107
Pages: 540
Price: Rs. 1,675.00   US$ 150.00

Published: 2016
Publisher: Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
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Textile industry is one of the few basic industries, which is characterised as a necessary component of human life. One may classify it as a more glamorous industry, but whatever it is, it provides with the basic requirement called clothes. Spinning is the process of converting cotton or manmade fibre into yarn to be used for weaving and knitting. Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. Finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material. Printing is the process of applying colour to fabric in definite patterns or designs.

The textile industry occupies an important position in the total volume of merchandise trade across countries. Developing countries account for little over two-third of world exports in textiles and clothing. It is the second largest employer after agriculture, providing employment to over 45 million people directly and 60 million people indirectly. The future for the textile industry looks promising, buoyed by both strong domestic consumption as well as export demand.


This book is based on the latest technology involved in textile industry, which describes the processes available at the spinning and fabric forming stages coupled with the complexities of the finishing and colouration processes to the production of wide ranges of products.

The major contents of the book are dyeing of textile materials, principles of spinning, process preparatory to spinning, principles of weaving, textile chemicals, yarn preparation, weaving and woven fabrics, knitting and knit fabrics, nonconventional fabrics, cellulosics, mixed fibers, printing compositions, printing processes, transfer dyes, transfer inks etc. It describes the manufacturing processes and photographs of plant & machinery with supplier’s contact details.

It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, textile mill owners, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of textile industry.

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Contents

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1. THE DYEING OF TEXTILE MATERIALS
Mordants
Assistants
Dyestuffs
Indigo
The Ingrain Dyes
Water Used in Dyeing
Interdependence of Processes
Processes Preliminary to Dyeing
Wool Scouring
“Boiling-off” Silk
Cotton Bleaching
Wool Dyeing Processes
Dyeing of Loose Wool
Slubbing (Silver)
Yarn Dyeing
Piece Dyeing
“Woaded Colours”
Blacks on Wool
Dark Blues, Greens, and Browns on Wool
Cotton Dyeing Processes
Fast Blacks on Cotton
Fast Colours on Cotton
Basic Colours on Cotton
Dyeing of Mercerized Cotton
Union Dyeing Processes
Silk Dyeing Processes
The Dyeing of Artificial Silk
Colour Matching
Fastness Properties of Dyes

2. THE PRINCIPLES OF SPINNING
Long Fibre Spinning
Short Fibre Spinning

3. PROCESS PREPARATORY TO SPINNING
Four Methods of Preparing Vegetable Fibres for Spinning
Four Methods of Preparing Animal Fibres for Spinning
Two Methods of Silk Preparation
Typical Example of the Method of
Preparing and Spinnig
A Textile Material (China-grass or Ramie)
Preparatory Machines
The Cotton Gin
The Washing or Scouring Machine
The Dryer
The Cotton Scutcher
The Flax Scutcher
The Backwasher
The Preparing Gill-box
The Carder
The Dresser
The Comb
The Drawing-box
The Cone Drawing-box.
The French Drawing-box

4. THE PRINCIPLES OF WEAVING
Group-unit Weaving
Shedding
Picking
Beating-up
Letting-off and Taking-up
The Boxing Mechanism
The Stop-rod and Loose-reed Mechanism
The Weft-fork Mechanism
The Warp-stop Mechanism
The Spooling or Shuttling Mechanism

5. THE PRINCIPLES OF DESIGNING AND
    COLOURING
Materials
Interlacing
The Use of Point-paper
Colour
Figure Designing

6. THE PRINCIPLES OF FINISHING
Finishing Processes and Machines
Mending, Knotting and Burling
Scouring
Milling
Crabbing
Steaming
Dyeing
Washing-off
Drying
Tentering
Brushing and Raising
Cropping or Cutting
Singeing
Pressing
Calendering
Schreincring
Filling
Conditioning
Waterproofing
General Notes

7. TEXTILE CHEMICALS
Indian Demand
Demand for Bleaching Agents
Textile Bleach Formulation
Industry Trends and Success Factors
Outlook and Opportunities
Fluorescent Whitening Agent
Sector of Applications
Usage Pattern
Industry Trends and Success Factors
Outlook and Opportunity
Flame Retardants
Halogenated Compounds
Non Halogenated Compounds
Application
Sector of Applications
Bleaching Agents
Use of Various Bleaching Agents on
Textile Fibres
Hydrogen Peroxide
Sodium Hydrosulphite (Hydros)
Sodium Hypochlorite
Application and Formulations
Bleaching Assistants
Chelating Agents
Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate
Carboxy Methyl Cellulose
Demand
Acrylates
Industry Treands and Success Factors
Pattern of Use and Formulation - Starch/
Modified-Starch
The Spin Finish Compositions for Polyester and Polya Ide Yarn
White Oil
Industry Trends and Success Factors
Warp Sizes
Sector of Applications for Sizing Agents
Filament Yarns
Staple or Spun Yarn
Starch/Modified Starch
Demand
Polyvinyl Alcohol
Operations Involved in the Use of the
Textile Chemicals
Classification of Textile Chemicals
Classification Based on Use Pattern
Group Classification
Yarn Lubricants
Spin Finishing Agent

8. GLOBAL SCENARIO FOR
    TEXTILE CHEMICALS

Consumption Pattern of Textile Chemicals
Estimated Global Market for Textile
Chemicals
Estimated Markets for Textile Chemicals in the Asia-pacific Region (2001)
Estimated Consumption of Textile Chemical in Different Regions
Categories of Textile Chemicals Value
(In Millions of Dollars)
Us Market for Textile Chemicals
Industry Trends and Success Factors
Outlook and Opportunities
Oxalic Acid
Polyehtylene Glycol
Applications in Textile Industry
Silicone Oil/ Silicone Emulsion
Indian Demand for Silicone Oil/ Emulsion in
Textile Sector
Industry Trends and Successful Factor
Outlook and Opportunities
Emeu/Dmdheu
Industry Trends and Success Factors
Sulphur Black
Industry Trends and Outlook
Textile Enzymes
Cellulase/Amylase
Classification of Thickening Agent
Pigment Binders
Guar Gum
Sodium Alginate
Sodium/Zinc Formaldehyde Sulphoxylate
Styrene Butadiene Rubber - Lattices
Formaldehyde Based Resins
Industry Trends and Outlook
Indian Scenario
Consumption Pattern of Flame Retardent
Printing Auxiliary

9. YARN PREPARATION
Introduction
Winding
Quill Winding
Warping
Slashing or Warp Sizing
Drawing-In and Tying-In

10. WEAVING AND WOVEN FABRICS
Introduction
Woven Fabrics
Plain Weave
Rib Weaves
Basket Weaves
Twill Weaves
Satin Weaves
Drawing-In Draft, Chain and Reed Plans
Cover Factor
Other Terms Related to Single Fabrics
Weaving
Shedding
Filling Insertion
Beat-up
Warp and Fabric Control
The Weaving Cycle
Woven Fabric Production
Secondary Mechanisms (Motions) In A
Power Loom
Warp Stop Motions
Filling Stop Motions
Warp Protector Motion
Selvage Motion
Box Motion
Automatic Filling Transfer
Shuttleless Looms
Introduction
Rapier Looms
Projectile (Gripper) Looms
Fluid Jet Looms
New Weaving Technologies - Multiple
Shed Looms
Filling Accumulation Systems
Modification of the Salvege

11. KNITTING AND KNIT FABRICS
Introduction
Knitting Elements
Needles and Knitting Action
Sinkers
Weft Knitting
      Single Knitting
Single Knit Fabrics
Double Knitting
Double Knit Fabrics
Purl Knit Fabrics
Knit, Tuck and Float Loops
Weft Knit Design
Stitch Notation
Weft Knit Fabrics
Weft Knitted Fabric Production
Warp Knitting
Introduction
Major Machine Classification
Knitting Elements
Warp Knitting Action
Comparison between Tricot and Raschel
Warp Knit Design
Point Paper Notation
Single Bar Fabric
Two Bar Fabrics
Warp Knit Fabric Production

12. NONCONVENTIONAL FABRICS
Introduction
Nonwoven Systems and Fabrics
Chemically or Adhesively Bonded Fabrics
Mechanically Bonded Fabrics
Tufting
Flocking
Laminated and Bonded Fabrics
Wet Adhesive Bonding
Foam Flame Bonding

13. SYNTHETIC SUBSTRATES
Anthraquinones
Diverse synthetic substrates
Monozao Dyestuffs
Water-Insoluble Monoazo Dyestuffs
Mixture of Monoazo Dyestuffs for
Polyesters
Azo Containing Compounds
Water-Soluble Disazo Dyestuffs for
Polyamides
Gold and Orange Prints on Polyamides
Azocoumarinic Dyes for Hydrophobia
Synthetics
Dyestuffs Tolerant to Temperature and pH
Variations
Printing of Nickel-Containing Polyolefins

14. NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC
    SUBSTRATES
Anthraquinones
      Polyfluoro Acid Anthraquinone Dyestuffs for
Polyamides
Fibre Reactive Anthraquinone Compounds
Aminoan Thraquinone Reactive Disperse
Dyes
Azo Compounds
Naphtheylene and Tetrahydronaphthylene- containing Azo Dyestuffs
Monoazo Dyestuff Containing Fiber-
Reactive Group
Cold Water soluble Acid Dye Compositions
Polyvalent Metal and Azo-Barbituric Acid
Anionic and Cationic Dyes
Fluid and Stable Dispersions of Anionic
Dyes
Heterocyclic Cationic Dyestuffs
Water-soluble Quaternary Ammonium
Phenylazo Cationic Dyes

15. CELLULOSICS
Reactive Dyes
Organic Dye with Phosphonic Acid
        Monofluoride
Aminonaphthyl Azobenzene Vinyl Rective
Dyes
Phthalocyanine Reactive Dyestuffs
Water-Soluble Fiber-Reactive Dyestuffs
Disperse Dyes
Fixation with Aliphatic Alcohols, Amines, or
      Aminoalcohols
Azo Dyes having Substituted 2, 6-Diaminopye
Coupling Component
Acylating Cellulose Fibers


16. MIXED FIBERS
Polyester and Wool
Tone-in-Tone Dyeing of Polyester-Wool
Blend
Cellulosics and Synthetic Polyamides
Marked Reactive Dyestuff
Swellable Cellulosics and Synthetics
Ethoxylated Condensate of Monocarboxylic
Acid and Hydroxyalkylamine
Water-soluble Solvent and Swelling Agent
Disazo Dyes Derived from Amino-pyrazole
Unformed Disperse Dye and Swelling Agent
Cellulosics and Synthetics
Unformed Disperse Dye with Reactive Dye
Textile Treated with Epoxy-group-containing
Compounds
      Impregnation with an Aqueous
Composition
Blends of Natural and Synthetic Fibers

17. PRINTING COMPOSITIONS
Printing Pastes with Developing Dyes
Improved Base Printing Process
Formic Acid as Developing Medium for
Azo Dyes
Auxiliary Agents in Print Formulations
Hydroxyalkyl Carboxyalkyl Cellulose
Thickening Agent
Sodium Cellulose Sulfate as Thickening and Acid Fixing Agent
Additive for Pigmentary Printing Pastes
Salts of Diaryl Ether Sulfonic Acids
Carrier for Cationic Dyes
Dye Carrier Comprising Phenyl Cyclohexane and Derivatives

18. PRINTING PROCESSES
Fixation
Fixation with Vapor of Organic Solvent
Dyestuffs for Methylene Chloride Fixation
Processes
Improved Fixation of Reactive Dyes on
Cellulose Fibers
Continuous Dyeing and Printing of Piece
Goods
Printing Heavy Pile Fabrics with Powder
Preparations
Improved Alignment of Printed Patterns
Uniform Heat-setting of Continuous Synthet
Filament Groups
Voluminous Substrate Rolled up with
Foramed Dye
Continuous Printing Process by Direct Liqui
Film Transfer Method for Printing and Flocking
Simultaneously
Sprayed Carriers for Continuous Print
Fixation

19. TRANSFER DYES
Anthraquinones
Anthraquinone Ink Formulation
Anthraquinone Dyes for Synthetics
Deep Yellow Colors on Polyesters
Indolenine Methines for Acid-modified
Synthetics
Heterocyclic Naphthalene Derivatives
Printing Polyacrylonitriles with Disperse
Dyes
Disperse Dyes Containing Carboxylic Acid
Groups
Hydrolyzable Silyl-substituted Dyestuffs
Nitroacridone Dyestuffs
Heat Transfer Black Dyestuff A
Heat Transfer Black Dyestuff B
Dyestuff Combinations for Long-Pile
Fabrics

20. TRANSFER INKS
Organic Base
Cationic Dyes in Organic Solvents
Carbinol Base of Cationic Dyestuff as
Dyestuff Intermediate
These Inks are characterized in that they contain at Least
Sublimable Dyestuff Base on Acid-Modified
Fibres
Aqueous and Oil in Water
Aqueous Preparations of Sparingly Soluble
Dyestuffs
Organic-aqueous Printing Inks
Water-dilutable Transfer Ink Compositions
Dry Preparation
Hot-Melt and Hot-Stamp Inks
Hot-Melt Ink Composition
N-Methoxymethylated Nylon Copolymer for
Hot-Stamp Ink
Production of Transfer Paper by Rotary
Screen Printing
Transfer Inks for Household Use
Inks of High Filler Content
UV-curable Inks For Offset-printing
Transfers

21. PHOTOGRAPHS OF PLANT & MACHINERY WITH SUPPLIER’S CONTACT DETAILS

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