An adhesive, also known as glue, mortar, mucilage, or paste, is a nonmetallic material that is applied to one or both surfaces of two separate objects to tie them together and prevent them from being separated. Adjectives may be used with the word “adhesive” to describe properties depending on the substance’s physical or chemical form, the type of materials joined, or the conditions in which the substance was created. Adhesives are commonly used in a number of residential, commercial, and industrial applications for permanent, semi-permanent, and temporary attachment purposes. Load carrying ability, chemical composition, reactivity or inertness, and shape are some of the characteristics that can be used to classify and categorise the wide variety of adhesives available. Each of these adhesives has unique properties and benefits, however, as with adhesive and cohesive strengths, the suitability of each property or feature (and the corresponding adhesive) is determined by the application.
COMMON TYPES OF ADHESIVES
Anaerobic Adhesives: Acrylic-based adhesives that cure in the absence of air are known as anaerobic adhesives. The curing process is accelerated when metal is present. This type of adhesive usually has a low viscosity, comes in liquid and paste forms, and is used to secure, seal, and preserve close-fitting and structural parts.
Cyanoacrylates Adhesives: Adhesives that cure in the presence of moisture and ultraviolet (UV) light are known as cyanoacrylate adhesives (e.g., Krazy Glue ®, a brand of Toagosei Co., Ltd). This form of adhesive comes in a range of viscosity levels, from low to high, and can be used on porous and non-porous surfaces. Because of its low shear strength, it is not appropriate for structural applications.
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Epoxy Adhesives: Epoxies are often found in single-part and multi-part structures. These adhesives have good shear and peel strength (even in extreme temperatures and environments) and can be used to fill gaps and bind dissimilar substrates.
Hot Glue: The term “hot glue” refers to a form of hot melt adhesive made from thermoplastic compounds. This adhesive has a high tackiness and can be used on both porous and non-porous substrates. In most cases, hot glue solidifies as it cools, but certain varieties may be cured by moisture or UV light.
White Glue: White glue (e.g., Elmer’s® Glue, a trademark of Elmer’s Products, Inc.) is a popular polyvinyl acetate (PVA) glue traditionally used for arts and crafts. This adhesive involves contact and pressure during solidification and is ideal for porous substrates such as fabric, cardboard, paper, and wood.
Adhesives play an important role in the building industry and are used in a variety of ways. It has a large demand and a diverse set of applications.
- It is used in the installation of carpets and in the adhesion of ceramic tiles.
- Lamination of counter tops and the installation of laminates and veneers on interior furniture.
- Adhesives are used as a bonding layer between the current floor and the substrate for floor fixing.
- It’s used in the installation of Drywall Lamination.
- It’s used in HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning)
- It’s mixed into joint cement.
- They are extremely useful in prefabricated or manufactured housing.
- Panels that have been pre-finished must be mounted.
- It is used in the installation of vinyl or resilient flooring, as well as roofing systems and roof tiles.
- They are used to prepare the surface and apply wall coverings or wall papers.
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By 2026, the Indian adhesives and sealants market is expected to have grown at an annual rate of 8.07 percent, reaching USD 1,703.68 million (2021-2026). The increasing demand from the packaging industry and the country’s rising construction industry are two major factors driving the market studied. On the other hand, the slowing of the automotive industry and the negative effect of COVID-19 are impeding the market’s growth.
Market Research: – Market Research Report
Residential development is being driven by population growth and urbanization in developing countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Brazil, and Mexico. In these countries, there is a growing demand for permanent housing, which is driving demand for adhesives and sealants. Adhesives and sealants are used in a variety of building applications, including carpet, tiling, wallpapers, and exterior insulation systems. Curtain wall panels and insulating glass units are also kept in place with adhesives and sealants. As a result, the construction industry’s growing demand for adhesives and sealants is a major market driver.
FEW INDIAN MAJOR PLAYERS:
- Anabond Ltd.
- Arofine Polymers Ltd.
- C I C O Technologies Ltd.
- Century Plyboards (India) Ltd.
- D H Resins & Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.
- D I C India Ltd.
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