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Toffee (Confectionery Industry)
Candy, also known as sweets, toffies or lollies, is a sweet treat or a confection made with sugar or sugar substitutes like chocolates, combined with additives like fruits, nuts, etc. or a piece of such confection. Unlike a cake or a chocolate bar or a loaf of bread that can be shared among many people candy is usually made in smaller pieces. The definition of candy also depends upon people on how they treat the food. Unlike sweet pastries that are served as a dessert course at the end of the meal candies are often eaten casually as a mouth refreshment or between meals.
Global Confectionery Market size was valued at $184,056 million in 2015, and is expected to reach $232,085 million by 2022, supported by a CAGR of 3.4% during the forecast period 2016 – 2022. Confectionery market comprises array of food products such as chocolates, raw pastes, and various sugar-based products. In addition, it includes therapeutic and dietetic confectioneries that differ in formulations from traditional confections.
Product innovation in terms of formulations, processing, and packaging is the major factor that drives the growth of the confectionery industry. Moreover, retail market expansion and economic growth in advanced & emerging economies supplement the market growth. Asia-Pacific confectionery market showed the highest growth rate in 2015. Product portfolio extensions and new brand launches from established players are significant factors that fuel the market growth in Asia-Pacific.
Key players in the region largely invest on advertising campaigns and marketing to enhance their brand recognition and influence in the confectionery industry. Ferrero China Ltd., a confectionery company promotes its products as gifts for weddings and other occasions. Fluctuation in prices of raw materials, growth in health awareness among consumers about sugar intake, and diverse consumer spending habits limit the confectionery market growth. Rise in demand for low-calorie, organic, sugar-free and functional products provide lucrative growth opportunities to the confectionery industry.
Hydrochloric Acid (For Toilet Cleaner)
Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula H2OHCl. Hydrochloric acid has a distinctive pungent smell. It is classified as strongly acidic and can attack the skin over a wide composition range, since the hydrogen chloride practically dissociates completely in solution.
Hydrochloric acid is the simplest chlorine-based acid system containing water. It is a solution of hydrogen chloride and water, and a variety of other chemical species, including hydronium and chloride ions.
Hydrochloric acid is a strong, corrosive acid that can be used to make steel for bridges and cars. It is used in the chemical industry in the large-scale production of vinyl chloride for PVC plastic, and it is one of the chemicals that produces polyurethane foam and calcium chloride.
The Global Hydrochloric Acid is expected to witness a significant growth of USD ~ 1869.559 million by 2023 with CAGR of ~5.0% between 2016 and 2023 Hydrochloric acid is one of the names for muriatic acid with the chemical formula HCl. It is also known as acidum salis or spirits of salt. Hydrochloric acid is a, transparent, very strong solution of hydrogen chloride in water.
Buttons from Hooves & Horns
Button is a small fastener, now most commonly made of plastic, but also frequently made of metal, wood or seashell, which secures two pieces of fabric together. In archaeology, a button can be a significant artifact. In the applied arts and in craft, a button can be an example of folk art, studio craft, or even a miniature work of art. In archaeology, a button can be a significant artifact. Textile industries is the major client of button manufacturing business.
Powder Coating (Chamber Type)
Powder coating is a type of coating that is applied as a free-flowing, dry powder. The main difference between a conventional liquid paint and a powder coating is that the powder coating does not require a solvent to keep the binder and filler parts in a liquid suspension form. The coating is typically applied electrostatically and is then cured under heat to allow it to flow and form a “skin”. The powder may be a thermoplastic or a thermoset polymer. It is usually used to create a hard finish that is tougher than conventional paint.
Powder coating is applied as a free-flowing powder in a completely dry form. Think of it as paint with the solvent part removed. The coating is applied electrostatically and then cured under heat which causes it to form a kind of “skin.” Usually powder is used to coat metals, but there are a number of potential applications.
Powder coating is becoming one of the most wanted surface finishing techniques now a days. The definition of powder coating is the process of applying dry paint to a part. In comparison to normal wet painting such as house paints, the solids are in suspension in a liquid carrier, which must evaporate before the solid paint coating is produced.
Powder coating is a term used to describe a particular finish or base. It starts out as a fine powder. This powder consists of finely ground particles of pigment and polymer resin. After application to a surface, the powder is chemically altered with heat to create a finishing film.
Powder Coatings Market is expected to garner $12,332 billion by 2022, registering a CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period 2014-2022. Powder coatings in appliances application segment occupied the major share in 2015 and is expected to maintain its lead throughout the analysis period. Powder coatings provides economical, long lasting, and durable quality finish for metal parts and products.
Coconut water, less commonly coconut juice, is the clear liquid inside coconuts (fruits of the coconut palm). In early development, it serves as a suspension for the endosperm of the coconut during the nuclear phase of development. As growth continues, the endosperm matures into its cellular phase and deposits into the rind of the coconut pulp. The liquid inside young coconuts is often preferred to the liquid of a ripened coconut.
Naturally refreshing, coconut water has a sweet, nutty taste. It contains easily digested carbohydrates in the form of sugar and electrolytes. Coconut water is the clear liquid found inside immature coconuts. As the coconut matures, the water is replaced by coconut meat. Coconut water is sometimes referred to as green coconut water because the immature coconuts are green in color.
It is generally consumed as a beverage mostly in tropical region as it keeps hydrated. It is sweet in taste and is consumed as a refreshing drink. Organic coconut water is natural isotonic beverage which is low in fat and calories. Organic coconut water contains less quantity of chemicals and is healthy for consumption as it contains electrolytes.
Microcrystalline Wax from Sludge of Petroleum
Microcrystalline waxes are a type of wax produced by de-oiling petrolatum, as part of the petroleum refining process. In contrast to the more familiar paraffin wax which contains mostly unbranched alkanes, microcrystalline wax contains a higher percentage of isoparaffinic (branched) hydrocarbons and naphthenic hydrocarbons. It is characterized by the fineness of its crystals in contrast to the larger crystal of paraffin wax. It consists of high molecular weight saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons. It is generally darker, more viscous, denser, tackier and more elastic than paraffin waxes, and has a higher molecular weight and melting point.
Microcrystalline Wax is a specific type of wax produced by de-oiling petroleum. It is used in cosmetics and beauty products as a viscosity agent, binder and emollient, and is often considered an alternative to paraffin wax. Unlike paraffin wax, Microcrystalline Wax has fine crystals, and is generally darker, more viscous, denser, tackier and more elastic than paraffin waxes.
Microcrystalline wax is used in various applications such as rubber, candles, and jewelry making. The properties of the microcrystalline wax depend on the crude oil source, refining method, and degree of refining.
The global microcrystalline wax market is estimated to reach US$ 1,102.3 Mn by the end of the forecast period while registering a CAGR of 3.9% for the period 2018-2026. Major manufacturers are shifting their manufacturing facilities to more suitable locations and this is leading to demand for raw materials, such as petroleum-based feedstock.
Normal paraffins (n-paraffins) are linear, aliphatic hydrocarbons of C9-C17 chain lengths that are usually separated from kerosene or gas oil fractions of crude oil using molecular sieves. High levels of midrange n-paraffins, suitable for producing linear alkylbenzene (LAB), are produced at a gas-to-liquids.
Paraffin is a mixture of hydrocarbons; it usually consists of about 10 different hydrocarbons, each containing from 10 to 16 carbon atoms per molecule; the constituents include n-dodecane, alkyl benzenes, and naphthalene and its derivatives.
Paraffins are also called alkanes and have the general formula of CnH2n+2, where n is the number of carbon atoms in a given molecule. Paraffins are divided into two groups of normal and isoparaffins. Normal paraffins or normal alkanes are simply written as n-paraffins or n-alkanes, and they are open, straight-chain saturated hydrocarbons.
Paraffin is used in cosmetics and personal care products to thicken formulations. With emollient and protective qualities, they provide stability to skincare and cosmetics and boost their viscosity and consistency. The personal care industry accounted for a healthy share of the global paraffin market, in 2017.
Global demand of N-Paraffin is anticipated to reach 3.7 Million MT by end of 2021 mainly driven by the demand from LAB market. Though N-Paraffin demand is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 1.6% Y-o-Y until 2018, industry has to operate at 92-94% to meet the global demand until 2020.
Flexible Polyurethane Foam
Flexible polyurethane foam (FPF) affects our lives in many ways and new applications are rolling out on a regular basis. It is used as cushioning for a wide variety of consumer and commercial products including furniture, carpet cushion, transportation, bedding, packaging, textiles and fibers. FPF usage consists mostly of slabstock, which is used primarily for carpet cushion and furniture.
Polyurethane foam articles without even noticing. Its applications are virtually endless, ranging from small but essential items such as sponges in the kitchen, medical dressings to large filters and soundproofing systems that keep our environment clean and quiet. Polyurethane is a leading member of the wide-ranging and highly diverse family of polymers or plastics.
Flexible polyurethane foam is foam that is flexible (bendable and compressible) made of polyurethane. Polyurethane (PUR) is a polymer, linking carbamate molecules in chains which are cross-linked into three-dimensional webs.
The growth of the polyurethane foam market in North America is mainly driven by the increasing demand for flexible polyurethane foam from end-use industries in this region. Moreover, there is a significant demand for polyurethane foam for specific applications, such as automotive seating and customer needs.
The growth of the polyurethane foam market is primarily driven by the rising demand for polyurethane foam from the bedding & furniture and building & construction industries and ongoing urbanization in the Asia Pacific region. The unique properties of polyurethane foam are projected to drive the demand for polyurethane foam across the globe. In building & construction industry, polyurethane foams find promising application in insulated panels, wall and roof insulation, and for doors and windows gap fillers. Versatility, energy efficiency, thermal/mechanical performance, and environmental savings characteristics of polyurethane foams making it an ideal material for this industry.
The global flexible polyurethane foam market is expected to grow at a CAGR of almost 8%, during the forecast period. Flexible polyurethane foams are light, durable and comfortable and can be molded into different shapes. They resist mildew and are hypoallergenic. Cushioning made of flexible polyurethane foam is resilient, durable and strong and it absorbs energy.
PVC Stabilizer (Lead Stearate & Calcium Stearate)
Stabilizers are a class of chemical additives commonly added to polymeric materials, such as plastics, to inhibit or retard their degradation. Polymers can be subject to various degradation processes, including oxidation, UV-damage, thermal degradation, ozonolysis, or combinations thereof like photo-oxidation. These processes all degrade the polymer on a chemical level, leading to chain scission that can adversely affect its mechanical properties such as strength and malleability, as well as its appearance and colour.
PVC Stabilisers are added either directly into PVC or in combination to prevent oxidation, chain scission, uncontrolled recombination, and cross-linking reactions caused by photo oxidation. Essentially, they protect PVC from the harmful effects of extreme temperature and ultraviolet radiations. PVC Stabilisers are of different types like Heat Stabilisers which are mainly used in Construction projects.
The global PVC stabilizers market is estimated to register a CAGR of 5.90% during the forecast period, 2018-2023. Asia-Pacific is expected to dominate the market among other regions, supported by the growing automotive & electronics industry in countries, like China and India. Building & construction is expected to dominate the consumption of PVC stabilizers through the forecast period.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the most important commercial plastic materials, but it is thermally unstable at processing temperature and hence, the processing of PVC at elevated temperatures requires the use of stabilizers.
PVC stabilizers are used in various PVC applications such as pipes & fittings, window profiles, rigid & semi-rigid films, wire & cables, coatings & flooring, and others. PVC pipes & fittings application is the largest market for PVC stabilizers globally.
Hoses (Air-Based-Welding Hoses & Pesticides Spray Pipe)
Hose is a flexible hollow tube designed to carry fluids from one location to another. Hoses are also sometimes called pipes (the word pipe usually refers to a rigid tube, whereas a hose is usually a flexible one), or more generally tubing. The shape of a hose is usually cylindrical (having a circular cross section).
Hose design is based on a combination of application and performance. Common factors are size, pressure rating, weight, length, straight hose or coil hose, and chemical compatibility. A hose is a long, flexible pipe made of rubber or plastic. Water is directed through a hose in order to do things such as put out fires, clean cars, or water gardens.
Global Industrial Hose Assemblies market is driven by increasing construction, mining, agricultural and several other industrial activities that have led to improved demand for fluid transfer and handling equipment. One of the highlights of using Industrial Hose Assemblies in such applications is their capability to deliver or transfer the material with higher efficiency indirectly providing cost-effective solutions.
The geyser consists of a water tank fitted with two pipes – one for inlet of cold water and the other for outlet of hot water. The water tank is fitted with heating elements which are controlled by thermostats. The thermostats ensure that water is not heated above a set temperature value. The tank is normally covered with some insulating material and enclosed inside a metal casing.
Water heating is a heat transfer process that uses an energy source to heat water above its initial temperature. Typical domestic uses of hot water include cooking, cleaning, bathing, and space heating. In industry, hot water and water heated to steam have many uses.
India water heater market projected to surpass $ 600 million by 2023. Growth in the market is led by increasing number of new residential units and other construction activities coupled with rising per capita disposable income. Moreover, improving standard of living, technological advancements, and rising demand for low-cost and efficient water heaters is further expected to propel growth in India electric water heaters market over the next five years.
Electric water heaters are currently one of the most popular water heaters among consumers globally. Though the global electric water heater market is moving towards maturity, continuous innovation on the part of manufacturers is driving the growth in the global electric water heater market.
A fan is a powered machine used to create flow within a fluid, typically a gas such as air. A fan consists of a rotating arrangement of vanes or blades which act on the air. The rotating assembly of blades and hub is known as an impeller, a rotor, or a runner. Usually, it is contained within some form of housing or case. This may direct the airflow or increase safety by preventing objects from contacting the fan blades. Most fans are powered by electric motors, but other sources of power may be used, including hydraulic motors, handcranks, internal combustion engines, and solar power.
Electric fans circulate air by using electricity to spin a rotor shaft attached to the fan blades. Wires wrapped around magnets inside the fan motor’s housing carry electric current, turning the magnets into powerful electromagnets.
India electric fans market is projected to surpass $ 2 billion by 2023. Growing presence of organized retail outlets, increasing spending power and rising preference for online sales platform and modular homes is expected to boost demand for electric fans in India over the coming years.