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Packaged Drinking Water

Potable spring waters containing, sulphur iron, magnesium and other mineral salts occurring in certain regions are claimed to be beneficial to human metabolism. They occur in specific and widely scattered locations best known of which are white sulphur springs (Virginia) Hot Springs (Arkansas), Saragoga Springs (New York) Vichy (France Baden (Germany) and U.S.S.R. The therapitic value of such waters is questionable carbonated mineral waters also contain lithium salts. Water Supplies and Their Impurities Natural fresh water supplies are derived indirectly from the oceans; clouds form by solar evaporation and the winds move the moisture overland to precipitation as rain, snow or hail. The water flows over the surface or percolates into the ground excess water flows back to the oceans completing the hydrological cycle. Water supplies are classified as surface supplies and underground waters. Surfaces waters are rivers; lakes, creeks, ponds, and reservoirs, wells and springs are the sources of underground water. Water vapour in clouds is generally pure but gathers dust and gases when it reaches the earth suspended organic matter and soil turbidity is picked up. Minerals are leached from the soil and rocks and organic matter is added from municipal and industrial wastes and decaying vegetation. Well waters usually are free of suspended materials and organic matter due to filtration through the earth. Surface waters are generally low in mineral content but relatively high in suspended and organic materials. Water treatment chemistry and processes deal with the chemical or physical reactions of small amounts of dissolved or suspended materials. The unit of measurement commonly used is parts/million ppm. Which is equivalent to milligrams per liter. Thus, a surface water containing 200 ppm dissolved follows that water analysis and treatment processes are based upon specialized techniques designed from the determination and removal of trace quantities of materials. Water Analysis The importance of an accurate and complete water analysis cannot be over emphasized. All water treatment process is affected by variation in the dissolved and suspended impurities in the supply. Deep well waters generally have fairly constant impurity levels. Surface waters from rivers vary widely in mineral and turbidity levels. Most water laboratories state the impurity levels as cat ions and anions in terms of calcium carbonate equivalents, or CaCO3 Calcium carbonate is used as the common denominator it has a molecular weight of 100, which facilitates calculations. In this ionic analysis method, total cat ions equal to anions, which simplifies pre-diction of the water analysis after various treatment methods. New analytical methods and instruments to have made water treatment processes possible mineral content of waters is determined in many cases on a continuous basis by means of colour imetering conductivity, and automatic adsorption, organic matter is usually determined by oxidation method and reported as chemical oxygen demand oxygen consumed or total organic carbon obtained in the united states. Important sources are the U.S. geological survey water surveys. Water analysis methods are reviewed annually by Analytical chemistry published, by the American Chemical society. Harmful Effects of Water Impurities The first Critertion of any water supply for human use is that it must be safe to drink. Fortunately all harmful bacteria are killed rapidly and inexpensively by means of chlorinations. This method is universally used in the United States and most of the world. Chlorine gas is usually employed but sodium hypochlorite is used occasionally for smaller installations. Most surface supplies must be chlorinated. Deep well water is generally safe for drinking purposes, but most municipalities chlorinate these supplies to guard against surface contamination. Use of mineral water gradually increase in India due so shortage of pure hygienic water and also increase the knowledge of water because pathogenic micro organisms which are main reason of stomach problem and cause of acetate deseats formation. On this reasons a parh of the society stored so use safe drinking water i/e mineral water. There is increase full life, major of the working group has to take travel from one place to another place, by this time they are how habituate to use mineral water. Due to growth of tourism industry in our country by 8% even some peak season they are coming18% more than the last year. Most of the tourist is only habituated to take safe drinking waters. Packed bottled mineral water is the only main resources in our country to safe drinking water. There is chance of acute, shortage of drinking water due to low under ground water level from the part. Hence in future there is much more scope of contamination and polluted water. For getting safe drinking water mineral water bottle will be the safest one. On that base it can be concluded that scope of mineral water will be much more increased in the future. Growing Prospects for Tourism Industry: Tourism is gaining increasing importance these days. The liberalization has given boost to this industry. The private sector entry in transports has also been advantageous to this sector. Entry of private sector, into many other industrial areas, entry of multinationals, NRI business house in wake of liberation is likely to result in big boost in business travel. International media coverage, increasing awareness about travel, even among laymen and holiday are now really developing. Government has announced national action plan for tourism in May, 1992 to boost tourist arrivals and foreign exchange earnings. India, with its historical, natural and cultural background is a favorite place for tourists from all over the world. In light of this, an attempt is made to study the growing prospects of investment in tourism industry. Tourism can mainly be classified into business of travel and holiday. As an industry, it broadly covers hotels, travel agencies and various transport services. Therefore the industry is hearing dependent on vital infrastructure like rail and road route, communication, etc. Tourist Arrivals in India:- The tourist comes in India from all over the world. However, the highest number comes from U.K., U.S.A. and Germany. It is well known that lack of adequate infrastructure is the primary constraint in achieving the full potentials. India is a long haul destination for most tourists because the generating markets that India primarily depends on are far away. Therefore, to attract more people to come to India, the overall welcome and the incentives will have to be better than those offered by competition destinations. A number of small things, which add up to making a place an attractive destination, will have to be looked into. First is the issue of making access to India easy. The visa formalities should be simplified and computerized for easy verification. Tourists, who have so many competing options, will be attracted to places to which communication is easy and inexpensive. Most of the countries, which have made rapid progress in tourism in recent time, are distinguished by easy availability of air seat capacity, modern and efficient air transport handling facilities and free access by charter flights. These are areas, which need urgent attention in India. The de facto capacity now available may be less than the desirable level in view of the increasing number of Indians traveling abroad and ease of access to our competing neighboring countries in Southeast Asia. Similarly, internal connectivity to important places of tourist attraction has not always been optimal. Khajuraho languished for years because of this deficiency, so did Ladakh. India is a large country with huge population. The spread of industrial growth and trade make involved people to go from place to place. The numbers of people moving for relaxation sight-sight-seeing and religious pilgrims have increased sizably. Precise data on them are not available. However, data on air and rail traffic indicate mobility of people within the country. India has traditionally been viewed as a market for cultural tourism, with visits to ancient seats of culture. The tourism department has now hit the idea of diversifying the form of tourism especially in view of the diversity of resources available in the country. This great emphasis is being laid on leisure and holiday tourism winter and water skiing, adventure tourism and sports. The diversification programme includes development of beach resorts, organizing trekking, mountaineering, sking, water sports, wildlife sanctuary visits and since recently river rafting. The Himalayas which is a unique tourism resource is being tapped for organizing trekking trips for young visitors. Besides water sports are also being promoted in certain locations. It has been found the no-package tourists spent major part of their tour budget on accommodation and food and about 25 percent on shopping. However package tourists spent nearly 65 of their budget on shopping. The most substantive benefit of tourist inflow is the foreign exchange earned by the country. Over the years the exchange earning from tourism has gone up steadily and now is equal to the earnings of some major categories of merchandise exports.
Plant capacity: Plant & machinery: N/A
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: N/A
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