Steel and Steel Products, Iron and Steel, Ferrous Metals Products, Alloy Steel , Cold Rolling, Foundry , Hot rolling , Pelletizing , Rolling , Rolling Mill , Stainless Steel , Steel Mill , Tinplate, Carbon Steel, Forge Products, Mild Steels Projects

The steel industry in India has been moving from strength to strength. India has emerged as the fourth largest producer of steel in the world and the second largest producer of crude steel. Steel production reached 28.52 million tonne (MT). India’s steel industry has some advantages i.e. sufficient availability of raw materials, particularly quality iron-ore, a rich skill base and an expanding market.

Long products constitute almost half of the annual steel production, which stands at 53 million tonnes presently. Industry estimates show that the construction sector alone consumes close to 45 per cent of the total long products output. Stainless steel accounts for only 3 per cent of the country’s total steel production and about 70 per cent finds application in kitchenware and the rest in industries. The demand for flat steel products will be strong, with rising production of automobiles as automobile sales have risen an annual 15%. Steel along with iron has a weight of 3.64 per cent in the wholesale price index. The present index of basic metal and alloy recorded an 8.55% growth rate. Production of bars and rods recorded 19.67% growth rate and steel wires recorded 11.11% growth rate.India’s steel production is likely to surpass the domestic requirement by 2011-2012, easing pressure on price of the alloy. Other allied steel products are HR coils, CR coils, and HDG coil.etc. End users sector like auto, consumer durables, construction and electricity have all shown steady growth in recent years and Indian steel import figure further provides evidence of strong domestic demand.

Major players in the steel sectors are Steel Authority of India (SAIL), RINL, TataSteel, JSW Steel, Essar Steel and Bhushan Steel, Jindal Saw, JSL, Usha Martin, Uttam Galva, PSL, Ajmera Realty, etc.

India’s steel industry is the happening place in 2010 with global gins in the field showing keen interest in setting shop in India. India is poised to take a big leap in steel capacity creation. By 2015-16, it may become world’s second largest steel producer. The National Steel Policy has a target for taking steel production up to 110 MT by 2019–20. Nonetheless, with the current rate of ongoing greenfield and brownfield projects, the Ministry of Steel has projected India's steel capacity is expected to touch 124.06 MT by 2011–12. In fact, based on the status of memoranda of understanding (MoUs) signed by the private producers with the various state governments, India's steel capacity is likely to be 293 MT by 2020.

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Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

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Iron Powder - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Iron is probably one of the most important, being used on the largest scale of any metal. Its Production in the blast furnace is well documented. When pure, iron is a lustrous white metal which is soft and very workable. However, it is reactive and easily forms a coating of hydrated oxide on its surface in the presence of moist air. This is non-coherent and flakes easily to reveal fresh surfaces for attack. Iron is soluble in dilute acids, where Fe(II) is produced in solution; more oxidising acids produce Fe(III) solutions and strongly oxidising agents (e.g. dichromate or concentrated nitric acid) produce a passive form of the metal, probably as a result of the formation of a coherent surface film of oxide. Iron is also an essential element for all life forms, the average human body containing 4 gm of the element. The majority of iron in the body is present within haemoglobin, the respiratory pigment which provides the mechanism for the transportation of oxygen by red blood cells. Iron powder can be used in several chemical and metallurgical processes from the production of aluminium foil to magnetic paints. For some applications there is more or less no alternative to iron powder. These applications often have special requirements for specific properties and stringent demands for consistency. In other applications the high surface area and/or purity of iron powder can more cost-effective solutions compared to alternative methods. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Hoganas India Ltd. • Sundram Fasteners Ltd. • Suryoday Allo-Metal Powders Ltd.
Plant capacity: 3000 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 266 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 882 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Saw (Spiral & Longitudinal) Pipes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Plant Layout

SAW pipe is Submerged Arc Welded pipe. They are the pipes formed by the process called Submerged Arc welding. There can be two types of SAW pipes: 1. LSAW-Longitudinal SAW and 2. HSAW- Helical SAW. (aka Spiral SAW). LSAW pipes are basically pipes formed by bending rectangular steel plates and are subsequently welded longitudinally (internally and externally) along the seam to form a pipe. HSAW pipes are pipes formed by conversion on Hot Rolled Coils and are subsequently welded internally and externally to form HSAW pipes. SAW process basically consists of an arc submerged in Flux used to weld the pipe. The flux is used to isolate the arc from the atmosphere. SAW pipes are manufactured by welding the edges of steel plates or by spiral welding of hot rolled coil (HR coil). The Saw Pipes manufactured from plates are called Longitudinal Submerged Arc Welded (LSAW) and are mainly used for transporting oil and gas (onshore/offshore). While, Helical Submerged Arc Welded (HSAW) pipes are made from HR coil,where the coil is welded spirally to give a shape of pipe and are mainly used for transporting oil and gas (onshore) and water transport. Apart from these, both the category of pipes can be used for structural applications also. Seamless pipes and tubes are used in both oil and non-oil sectors in a wide range of applications as line pipes, casing pipes, production tubings, drill pipes and the like. In the oil sector, API (American Petroleum Institute) standard pipes are preferred for line pipes and casing pipes. Oil sector absorbs nearly 60% of seamless pipes, while some 30% are consumed by bearings and boiler manufacturers. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Bengal Saws & Steel Products Pvt. Ltd. • Deccan Mechanical & Chemical Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Jindal Saw Ltd. • Kohinoor Saw Mill Co. Ltd. • Lalit Pipes & Pipes Ltd. • Welspun Corp Ltd.
Plant capacity: SAW (Spiral & Longitudinal) Pipes: 166.7 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 1942 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 3201 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 45.00%
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SAW (Spiral & Longitudinal) PIPES (Mobile Plant) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

SAW pipe is Submerged Arc Welded pipe. They are the pipes formed by the process called Submerged Arc welding. There can be two types of SAW pipes: 1. LSAW-Longitudinal SAW and 2. HSAW -Helical SAW. (aka Spiral SAW). LSAW pipes are basically pipes formed by bending rectangular steel plates and are subsequently welded longitudinally (internally and externally) along the seam to form a pipe. HSAW pipes are pipes formed by conversion on Hot Rolled Coils and are subsequently welded internally and externally to form HSAW pipes. SAW process basically consists of an arc submerged in Flux used to weld the pipe. The flux is used to isolate the arc from the atmosphere. Manufacturing facility for SAW pipes at the site by way of mobile plant. The mobile plant caters to customer requirement on location. There plants can be dismantled and re-erected within a short span. This unique feature helps in easy handling of pipes at site, meeting delivery schedules and cut down transportation cost thus making the project economical and viable.At site the mobile plant can produce pipes having diameter in excess of 18" up to 150" in various thicknesses, in single random length or double random length depending upon the project requirements. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Bengal Saws & Steel Products Pvt. Ltd. • Deccan Mechanical & Chemical Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Jindal Saw Ltd. • Kohinoor Saw Mill Co. Ltd. • Lalit Pipes & Pipes Ltd. • Welspun Corp Ltd
Plant capacity: SAW (Spiral & Longitudinal) Pipes: 83.3 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 1387 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1802 Lakhs
Return: 11.00%Break even: 57.00%
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TMT Bar - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Steel is a generic name for a group of ferrous metals which due to their abundance durability versatility and low cost are most useful metallic material known to mankind. TMT Bars are re rolled bars from Ingots/Billets. TMT Bars can be described as new-generation high strength steel having superior properties such as weldability, strength, ductility and tensile strength, which meet the highest international quality standards. Thermo Mechanical Treatment (TMT) process for reinforcement bars is opening up new vistas in composite RCC, the re-enforcing steel is the costliest constituent (30 To 40% Per Cu. M. of concrete). TMT Bars have excellent ductility and higher fatigue strength, which make them suitable for structures and foundations that are subject to dynamic and seismic loading. They also possess excellent weldability because carbon is restricted below 25% and are resistant to fire hazards with no loss of strength up to 300 degrees Celsius. Better bendability also makes them easily workable at site and they are used in a wide range of applications. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • A S R Multimetals Pvt. Ltd. • Aadhunik Steels Ltd. • Anil Special Steel Inds. Ltd. • Ankit Metal & Power Ltd. • Apple Sponge & Power Ltd. • B M W Industries Ltd. • Chamundi Steel Castings (India) Ltd. • Concast Bengal Inds. Ltd. • Crystal Cable Inds. Ltd. • D S C Ltd. • Faridabad Investment Co. Ltd. • Hans Ispat Ltd. • Hira Ferro Alloys Ltd. • Jai Hind Wire Rod Mills Ltd. • Jai Raj Ispat Ltd. • Kohinoor Steel Pvt. Ltd. • M S P Steel & Power Ltd. • Mauria Udyog Ltd. • Mohan Steels Ltd. • P L G Power Ltd. • R K K R Steels Ltd. • Rathi Steel & Power Ltd. • S K M Steels Ltd. • S M C Power Generation Ltd. • S P S Steels Rolling Mills Ltd. • Sandur Manganese & Iron Ores Ltd. • Sujana Metal Products Ltd. • Tata Steel Processing & Distribution Ltd. • Vikash Metal & Power Ltd. • Viksit Engineering Ltd. • Vinayaga Infra (India) Ltd. • Vinayak Steels Ltd. • Welspun Steel Ltd. • Welspun Tradings Ltd.
Plant capacity: TMT Bar: 125 MT/Day • Scraps: 6MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 730 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1675 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Cold Rolled Sheet Mill - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Cold Rolled Coils and Sheets are produced through the cutting-edge Cold Rolling Mill. The Cold Rolling Mills are used for pressing the alloy steel and shaping it into strip, coils and sheet form. Their application is in galvanizing and enamel ware industry and are used as basic material for making tin mill black plate food cans in the food and beverage industry. This means that after hot rolling and pickling, the steel is cold rolled to a reduced thickness which is then followed by annealing in a closed atmosphere of nitrogen or other non-oxidizing gases (which softens it back up while protecting it from oxidation). The cold rolling mills use hot rolled strips as their raw materials in widths according to the full sizes. Cold rolled M.S. strips find uses is various types of down-stream industries such as in rolling shutter, cycle, motor cycle, filter industries, pipes and tubes, chemical and plastic industries for reaction vessels, storage tanks, automobile industries etc. There is a good demand of cold rolled M.S. strips and sheets in above mentioned industries. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Allied Strips Ltd. • Anil Special Steel Inds. Ltd. • Apollo Metalex Pvt. Ltd. • Arun Pipes Ltd. • Atma Steels Ltd. • Bharat Berg Ltd. • Bhushan Steel Ltd. • Dhar Industries Ltd. • Graham Firth Steel Products (India) Ltd. • Haryana Foils Ltd. • Hi-Tech Pipes Ltd. • Him Ispat Ltd. • Hisar Metal Inds. Ltd. • Hitek Industries Ltd. • I U P Jindal Metals & Alloys Ltd. • J V Strips Ltd. • Jayaswal Neco Inds. Ltd. • Kalyani Carpenter Special Steels Ltd. • Khemka Ispat Ltd. • Majestic Industries Ltd. • Metalman Industries Ltd. • National Steel & Agro Inds. Ltd. • P M Telelinnks Ltd. • Pasondia Steel Profiles Ltd. • Premier Wire Products Ltd. • R M I Steels Ltd. • Rajasthan Ambuja Inds. Ltd. • Rama Steel Tubes Ltd. • Rohini Strips Ltd. • Saicon Steels Pvt. Ltd. • Samana Steels Ltd. • Shri Bankey Bihari Pipes Ltd. • Shri Lakshmi Metal Udyog Ltd. • Singhal Strips Ltd. • Steel Strips Ltd. • Stelco Ltd. • Stelco Strips Ltd. • Supreme Metprods Ltd. • Unimet Profiles Pvt. Ltd. • Unison Metals Ltd. • Vardhman Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: •CRC Sheet :150 MT/Day •Galvanised Plane Sheet:66 MT/Day •Galvanised Corrugated Sheet :66 MT/Day •M.S. Pipe & Tubes:100 MT/Day •M.S. Wire :16 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 1437 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 3833 Lakhs
Return: 26.75%Break even: 50.68%
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Surgical Blade & Disposable Scalpel - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

A scalpel is a small but extremely sharp knife used for surgery, anatomical dissection, and various arts and crafts. Scalpels may be disposable or re-usable. Scalpel blades are usually of hardened and tempered steel. Surgical scalpels consist of two parts, a blade and a handle. Standard Surgical Blades are available in both high carbon and stainless steel. Stainless steel single-piece surgical blades are strong and corrosion-resistant to provide superior cutting ability. These are essential tools for surgical incision. Scalpels are used for a variety of surgeries and medical procedures. Scalpels and blades are a crucial component to cardiac surgery, interventional cardiovascular surgery, successful bypass surgery and cardiac transplant surgery. In addition to cardiovascular surgery, endoscopic surgery has seen a demand for high quality surgical scalpels and blades. Precision incision equipment is needed in procedures such as appendectomies, hernia repair, intestinal surgeries and diagnostic biopsy operations. The Indian technology is now are able to manufacture small yet extremely sharp scalpels and surgical blades. At present market share of India is around 10-12% of world market. Surgical Blade & Disposable Scalpel sale from India is increasing at the rate of 25-30% per year. In the specialty blade and scalpel market, ophthalmic scalpels account for the largest increase in sales. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Aditya Dispomed Products Pvt Ltd, • Jai Surgical Ltd, • Kehr Surgical Pvt. Ltd, • Paramount Surgimed Pvt Ltd. • Ribble International Ltd.
Plant capacity: 80000 Pcs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 190 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs 320 Lakhs (Land & Building not covered)
Return: 38.50%Break even: 50.00%
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High Tensile Fasteners - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Industrial fasteners have a vital contribution for the growth of almost all sectors of industry. It is a wonderful manifestation which joins & secures materials together for any productive uses. A fastener is a connective mechanism that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together. A bolt is an externally threaded fastener designed for insertion through holes in assembled parts, and is normally intended to be tightened or released by torquing a nut. A nut is a type of hardware fastener with a threaded hole. Nuts are almost always used opposite a mating bolt to fasten a stack of parts together. The two partners are kept together by a combination of the friction of their threads, a slight stretch of the bolt, and compression of the parts. High tensile nuts and bolts find wide application in joining part where continuous rotation and wear and tear of the nuts and bolts occurs. As the nuts and bolts are subjected to variable stress in a dynamic condition, there is every likelihood that these fasteners can be failed at any instant causing situations like catastrophe. For the above purpose, nuts and bolts are manufactured from alloy steels having high tensile strength and resistant to continuous wear and tear. In construction, connectors between structural members bolted connections are used when it is necessary to fasten two elements tightly together, especially to resist shear and bending, as in column and beam connections. Threaded metal bolts are always used in conjunction with nuts. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Aurangabad Electricals Ltd. • Caparo Engineering India Ltd. • Coventry Spring & Engg. Co. Ltd. • Dev Fasteners Ltd. • Forbes & Co. Ltd. • G S Auto International Ltd. • Holtzman Systems Ltd. • I S P L Industries Ltd. • Jaico Steel Fasteners Ltd. • Lakshmi Precision Screws Ltd. • M C S Fasteners (India) Ltd. • Mangal Steel Enterprises Ltd. • Mohindra Fasteners Ltd. • Patheja Forgings & Auto-Parts Mfrs. Ltd. • Patton Electro Ltd. • Pooja Forge Ltd. • Sterling Tools Ltd. • Sundram Fasteners Ltd. • Viraj Profiles Ltd.
Plant capacity: Mild Steel/HT Bolts :25 MT/Day •Mild Steel/HT Nuts :5MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 93 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 430 Lakh
Return: 28.41%Break even: 68.00%
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Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coating of Rebars - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Fusion bonded epoxies are one part, heat curable, thermosetting epoxy utilized for corrosion protection. FBEs are applied to heated parts in a powder form that rapidly gels from liquid to a solid and have remarkable adhesion to the steel surface. FBEs are also are very resilient coatings that resist damage during handling. FBEs are environmentally friendly and contain no volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Fusion bonded epoxy coating, commonly referred as FBE coating is widely used to protect concrete reinforcing rebars, steel pipes, piping connections, etc used in construction. FBE coatings are in the form of dry powder at normal atmospheric temperature. FBE coating is a robust single-layer coating, applied by using electrostatic spray guns, and which provides excellent adhesion, flexibility and a marked resistance to cathodic disbandment – even at elevated pipeline temperatures. The powder when applied electrostatically on to the surface cleaned, hot steel bars, that it fuses, melts, flows and cures to an adherent continuous chemically cross-linked protective film. FBE coating is an industry standard, environmentally-safe thermoset polymer coating which is used as corrosion protection for pipe. Fusion bond epoxy coating, also known as powder coating or FBE coating, is an epoxy-based powder coating widely used to protect steel pipe used in pipeline construction, piping connections and valves from corrosion. They come under the category of 'protective coatings' in paints and coating nomenclature. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Anil Special Steel Inds. Ltd. • Electrosteel Castings Ltd. • Jindal (India) Ltd. • Kamachi Sponge & Power Corpn. Ltd. • Kohinoor Steel Pvt. Ltd. • M S P Steel & Power Ltd. • Maharashtra Seamless Ltd. • Man Industries (India) Ltd. • Mangal Steel Enterprises Ltd. • Mittal Corp Ltd. • Mohan Steels Ltd. • P L G Power Ltd. • P S L Ltd. • Premier Ispat Ltd. • R K K R Steels Pvt. Ltd. • Ratnamani Metals & Tubes Ltd. • Surana Industries Ltd. • Vinayaga Infra (India) Ltd. • Vinayak Steels Ltd. • Welspun Steel Ltd.
Plant capacity: Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coated Rebars 333 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 680 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 2125 Lakhs
Return: 29.17%Break even: 58.80%
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Seamless Pipes and Tubes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The seamless steel pipe industry is almost one century old. The prime reason for the development was provided by transportation sector. Petroleum sector consumes largest quantities of seamless tubes. The Indian seamless tube industry is about 55 Years old. Seamless pipe as the name suggests is a pipe without a seam or a weld-joint in contrast to Seam or Welded pipe. In a Seam or Welded pipe, the seam or the weld-joint is the weaker part of the pipe limiting the strength of the pipe to the strength of the weld-joint. Whereas the seamless pipe does not have any such joint and thus has uniform structure & strength all over the pipe body. Thus the seamless pipe can withstand higher pressure, higher temperature, higher mechanical stress & corrosive atmosphere and find wide applications in Oil & Gas, Refinery, Petrochemical, Chemical, Fertilizer, Power, Automotive, Bearing, Mechanical & Structural applications. The greatest advantage of seamless steel pipes is their increased ability to withstand pressure. The weakest point in a welded steel pipe is the welded seam. But because a seamless steel pipe has not been welded, it doesn’t have that seam, making it equally strong around the entire circumference of the pipe. Stainless steel pipes are used in petrochemicals, fertilizers, dairy industries power stations and nuclear plants. Other corrosion resistant applications as of food processing industry are also significant users. These pipes are used extensively by Nuclear Fuel Corporation. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. • Gandhi Special Tubes Ltd. • I S M T Ltd. • Indian Seamless Enterprises Ltd. • Indian Seamless Metal Tubes (Kalyani Seamless Tubes) Ltd. • Indian Seamless Metal Tubes Ltd. • Indosin Pvt. Ltd. • Jindal Saw Ltd. • Mahalaxmi Seamless Ltd. • Maharashtra Seamless Ltd. • Oil Country Tubular Ltd. • P S L Ltd. • Patels Airflow Ltd. • R M G Alloy Steel Ltd. • Tubetec Seamless Ltd.
Plant capacity: 50 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 636 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 2695 Lakhs
Return: 27.98%Break even: 39.79%
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Iron oxide - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Iron oxide and oxide-hydroxide are widespread in nature, play an important role in many geological and biological processes, and are widely utilized by humans, e.g., as iron ores, pigments and catalysts in thermite. Common rust is a form of iron (III) oxide. Iron oxides are widely used as inexpensive, durable, pigments in paints, coatings and colored concretes. Colours commonly available are in the “earthy” end of the yellow/orange/red/brown/black range. Iron oxides are produced from ferrous sulfate by heat soaking, removal of water, decomposition, washing, filtration, drying and grinding. Chemical formula: Fe2O3. Appearance: Powder of size around 40 micron. Iron (III) oxide or ferric oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3. It is one of the three main oxides of iron. As the mineral known as hematite, Fe2O3 is the main source of the iron for the steel industry. Fe2O3 is ferromagnetic, dark red, and readily attacked by acids. Iron (III) oxide is often called rust. To some extent this label is useful, because rust shares several properties and has a similar composition. To chemists, rust is considered an ill-defined material, described as hydrated ferric oxide The overwhelming application of Iron (III) oxide is as the feedstock of the steel and iron industries, e.g. the production of iron, steel, and many alloys. Black iron oxide has the highest tint strength, generally achieving saturation at 6 percent dosage. Brown has a slightly lower tint strength, levelling -off at approximately 7 percent dosage, followed by 8 percent for red and 9 percent for yellow. The difference in colour/shade between one pigment and another is due to the surface structure of the particle. Pigments of the same family, such as reds for example, could have different undertone. Upon dilution with a white extender, reds may appear purple or pink. The reason for this is that a red pigment particle, depending on its structure, may reflect the red component of light plus a certain amount of blue (purple undertone) or some yellow (pink undertone). They are produced in either anhydrous or hydrated forms. Their range of hues includes yellows, reds, browns and blacks. The food-quality iron oxides are primarily distinguished from technical grades by their comparatively low levels of contamination by other metals; this is achieved by the selection and control of the source of the iron or by the extent of chemical purification during the manufacturing process. Applications Iron Oxide is a very fine powder of ferric oxide known as “jewellers rouge”, “red rouge”, or simply “rouge”. It is used to put the final polish on metallic jewellery and lenses, and historically as a cosmetic. Rouge is sold as a powder, paste, laced on polishing cloths or solid bar (with a wax or grease binder). Iron(III) oxide is also used as a pigment in cosmetics. Additionally, Iron oxides are used as pigments in dental composites alongside titanium oxides. Iron Oxide pigments are also used in paints and coatings; colour concentrates; and mulch. Iron oxide dispersant is one of many solutions used to purify water in water treatment facilities. It is considered to be a superior phosphate and zinc stabilizer stressed cooling water systems and an excellent iron and sludge dispersant in boilers. Compact pigment : Whereas inorganic binders do not disperse to 100% during the usual mixing times allowed, those prepared with organic wetting and deflocculating agents achieve excellent dispersion and hence provide high tinting strength in concrete products. Bayer developed compacted pigments which also incorporate organic dispersing agents. In making them, a pigment paste is pre-shaped (by the use of perforated rollers or matrices) and the prepared particles are rounded subsequently in granulation drums or on granulation plates. Comparison of natural iron oxide and synthetic iron oxide pigment The use of natural iron oxide pigment dates back centuries to prehistoric times and can be seen in cave paintings around the world. However, natural iron oxide pigments are nearly overshadowed by the synthetic variety, due to its consistency and superior tailor made properties. Synthetically prepared iron oxide pigment has been found to possess better texture, brilliance and staining power compared to natural pigment. When the colour of the paint is important, synthetic iron oxides are predominantly used because they have greater tinting strength than natural oxides. But in primers or undercoats, which are not so colour dependent as the finishing paints, natural iron oxide pigments may be used. Ceramics may also use natural oxides to provide colour for frits and glazes. Iron oxide pigment can be either produced in synthetic process or refined from naturally occurring ore deposits. A number of different processes have been developed for manufacturing synthetic iron oxide pigments. Important actually used production methods are as follows: • Laux process • Calcination process • Penniman process • Precipitation process Demand driver Iron oxide pigments are used in the coatings and colorants, construction, plastics and toner industries. The demand for iron oxide pigment would be mainly driven by the performance and growth of the paint and coating industry and polymer master batch sector. ? For more details: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES offers consultancy on various industrial and profitable projects with complete details of pre-feasibility, market survey, capital requirement, rate of return and breakeven point. The detailed project profile reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. For more details send us your inquiry on [email protected]
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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