Jatropha Plantation - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue
|With a rapidly growing economy and rising population, India is the fifth largest and one of the fastest growing petroleum oil consumers in the world. With limited domestic crude oil reserves, India meets over 72 per cent of its crude oil and petroleum products (diesel, aviation fuel, etc.) requirement through imports. Energy demand in the transport sector is growing relatively high due to the growing economy and rising private vehicle ownership, particularly four-wheelers. Due to rising oil consumption and relatively flat domestic production, India is increasingly dependent on imports to meet its petroleum demand. Thus the bio-diesel becomes an attractive proposition when oil prices are higher than the cost of vegetable oils as they can be used to directly replace petroleum derived products. Bio-fuels are renewable liquid fuels coming from biological raw material and have been proved to be good substitutes for oil in the transportation sector. As such bio-fuels, bio-ethanol and bio-diesel are gaining worldwide acceptance as a solution to environmental problems, energy security, reducing imports, rural employment and improving agricultural economy. Ethanol is one such substitute that can be produced from Sugarcane, Sweet Sorghum and used in blend with gasoline for automobiles. Similarly, bio-diesel can be produced from oil bearing seeds of many plants grown in the wild like Jatropha curcas , Pongamia, Neem, Mahua and blended with High Speed Diesel for transport vehicles, generators, railway engines, irrigation pumps, etc. Large volumes of such oils can also substitute imported oil for making soap. Biodiesel commands crucial advantages such as technical feasibility of blending in any ratio with petroleum diesel fuel, use of existing storage facility and infrastructure, superiority from the environment and emission reduction angle, its capacity to provide energy security to remote and rural areas and employment generation. It is technically feasible as up to 20% of bio diesel is being blended successfully with diesel for some years in a number of countries. India enjoys some special advantages in taking up plantation of tree-borne oil seeds for production of bio diesel as we have vast under-utilized or unutilized land, fallow, barren, degraded or under-stocked land, as in forests which are in drought prone areas. Additionally such trees can be grown along with normal crop cultivation. Bio-diesel is made from virgin or used vegetable oils (both edible & non-edible) and animal fats through transesterification and is a diesel substitute and requires very little or no engine modifications up to 20% blend and minor modification for higher percentage blends. Jatropha is a tough, drought-resistant plant that can grow in some of the harshest conditions. Jatropha can survive in the most arid wastelands and so vast barren swathes of India could be put to productive use. It is inedible so it would not cause a backlash by competing with food crops. The government of India set a target for bio-diesel production. The objective is to gradually raise it to take it to 20% in the year 2011-12 beginning with 5% in 2006-07. It is estimated that HSD demand by the end of 11th Plan (2011-12) shall be 66.9 MMT requiring 13.38 million metric tonnes of Bio-diesel which in turn will require plantation of Jatropha curcas over about 11.2 million hectares of land. In order to achieve 5% replacement of petro-diesel by bio-diesel by the year 2006-07, there is need to bring minimum 2.19 million hectares area under plantation of Jatropha curcas. So this is the right moment for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field.|
|Plant capacity: Cultivation Area 1000 Hectares,Avg. Seed Production 4 MT/Hectares||Plant & machinery: 158 Lakhs|
|Working capital: -||T.C.I: 393 Lakhs|
|Return: 90.00%||Break even: 44.00%|
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