Traditionally, entrepreneurship has been a male-dominated chase however several of today's most impressive and rousing entrepreneurs are women. Women have broken down the glass ceiling of the traditional thought long prevailing in world and have emerged as successful entrepreneurs. Many factors like urbanization, technical progress, women education, etc., have profoundly changed these traditional conditions even in a developing country like, India. These days India has been the depiction of women in the top echelons of banking and financial services and many more sectors and even has emerged as powerful entrepreneurs. Women in India have already started to follow the direction that the women of the western world took more than eighty years ago. Women are increasingly becoming conscious of their existence, their rights & their work situations
Women entrepreneurs are defined by Government of India as an enterprise owned and controlled by a woman having a minimum financial interest of 51% of the capital and giving at least 51% of employment generated in the enterprise to women. An estimation made by a daily newspaper revealed the fact that women entrepreneurs presently comprise about 10% of the total number of entrepreneurs in India, with the percentage increasing every year. If the current trends persist, it is possible that in another five years, women will comprise 20% of the entrepreneurial force. The present book has made an attempt to present some of the very successful business profiles taken by women entrepreneurs. This book tries to contribute to the emerging leadership of women entrepreneur and contains number of project profiles suitable for women entrepreneurs. Projects covered in this book start from conventional projects that are pickles, murabbas, squashes, spices, soya bean bariyan, pan masala, readymade garments, socks knitting to some project with which many women are not very familiar while others have managed to carve a niche for themselves with this project. These are: Corrugated Sheet Board and Boxes, Canning and Preservation of Fruit and Vegetables, Printed Circuit Boards, Surgical Bandages, Agarbatti Industry, Fast Food Parlour and many more.
The book also aims to empower those entire new women entrepreneur thinking to bring a change. Women entrepreneur should explore the prospects of starting a new enterprise; undertake risks, introduction of new innovations, coordinate administration & control of business & providing effective leadership in all aspects of business. The book contains some very easy profiles that can be taken up normally if properly understood. The book is an attempt to provide a proper understand.
society is still characterized by its ancient societal norms &
yet amongst it, the status & role of women have witnessed rapid
recent years. The thoroughly domesticated women who could not think
welfare of their families have now awakened to action.
factors like urbanization, technical progress, women education, etc.,
profoundly changed these traditional conditions even in a developing
like, India. Slowly starting with the metropolitan areas and going
back, the women
role at home has become more & more clearly that if they really
contribute to the welfare of the family & society the most
effective way is
to go out of home & earn money. Women in India are beginning to
direction that the women of the western world took more than eighty
Women are increasingly becoming conscious of their existence, their
& their work situations. The Indian women proved their footage
in the male
dominated business arena. For a nation where the only identity of women
time back used to be that of a homemaker, hogging the corporate
been a journey to empowerment & strength.
entry of women into business is a recent development in the orthodox,
traditional socio cultural
of Indian society. The hidden entrepreneurial
potential of women has gradually been changing with the growing
the role and economic status in the society. Today, women entrepreneurs
a group of women who have broken away from the beaten track and are
new areas for economic participation. Among the reasons for women to
organized enterprises are their skill & knowledge their
& creativity in business and a compelling desire of wanting to
entrepreneurs, in the modern sense, are the self starters
& doers of a business, who have organized & built their
In common practice, almost anyone who starts an enterprise, industry,
called an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship is a key to economic
development of a
Pickle is well known term to
every place in India as
well as in other countries, It is prepared at homes especially by
both vegetables and fruits. Under many processes, it is fermented or
that is can be preserved for a long time. There are many kinds of
considering vegetable and fruit e.g. mango, lime, ginger, pepper,
apple, onion, cabbage, cauliflower and many others. It is prepared
or combinely for different taste and choice. Food value of pickle is
that of eggs, tomatoes, onions etc.
salt, vinegar and lactic acid are the main ingredients needed for
which set preservatives and can be added in sufficient quantities. Oils
spices are also added. Fruit and vegetable pickles are preserved in
vinegar and salts respectively. The finally percentage of salt and
be 15 to 20% and 2% respectively. Generally, vegetables are preserved
solution of vinegar for final packing when added salt acts to stop the
of lactic acid. At the beginning, temperature is kept 30°C for growth
lactic acid fermentation and container is vacuum to avoid growth of
organics, which destroy lactic acid. Aluminium or stainless steel
be used. Long cooking with spices deteriorates the taste.
ink is a mixture of pigments, oils, varnish, driers, waxy oil gueasy
The ink must possess suitable physical characteristics like viscosity,
and stock one which it is to be used. These characters are distributed
transferred correctly from the type to the paper and give vegible
desired colour. The ink should dry fast to arrive the printed sheets to
handed with in times without off setting or smudging. Property like
to acids, alkalies, unsetted paraffin, solvent etc. may be obtained by
formulation and by selecting the ingredients used in the ink.
are three different types
of printing ink namely:
inks, cousiest of soft pigments ground in a varinish or vehicles
heat boiled linseed oil. It is used to print from raised or relief
an ordinary type, line and half tone cuts.
inks are generally heavier and shoulder than typographic inks. It is
print plane surfaces.
inks are originally known as steel or copper plate inks. It is used to
engraved, or defused surfaces.
character of the inks depends upon the kind of plate, the type of press
speed of operation.
the larger number of festivals in the world. And most of these
more or less, religious, secular and social. As a result, it has become
intimate part of life. All these festivals are more or less related to
which is commonly known as, Sewai in India is an ancient symbol of
and it come in use since the early period of Indian Civilization. At
vermicelli is used by all community irrespective of their caste,
only consumed by India alone but also other countries like Pakistan,
Bangladesh, U.S.A. U.K., all African and Middle East Countries apart
and Muslim countries consume vermicelli mostly owing to religious
comparison to other countries where it is consumed to get a new taste,
items or non perishable food items. Sometimes vermicelli is also
India, vermicelli is made from
wheat flour or maida but in Western Countries, different formulation
materials, plant and machineries are available indigenously and can be
on fairly cottage and small scale industries. Therefore, it is useful
new entrepreneurs who have little sum to invest.
combination of all the spices put together for the use of one
is known as Masala. For preparation of any dish may be Indian or
be vegetarian or non vegetarian we always use more than one spice for
preparation and thus we get all different types of spices in Masala.
are mainly two purpose of use of
masala (or spices) in dishes.
good look and taste
conscious people wearing
shoes, socks are must for them. Socks can be manufactured from various
yarn like wool, silk, man made fibre etc. The socks industries are the
and are among all the hosiery industries and involve very little
can also be manufactured manually as well as electrically operated
mango Pappad is combination of two words mango & Pappad, which
made of mango. It is familiar with not only Indians but also with
so it is exported to other countries. Basically it is prepared by
at home but due to increasing demand it is commercially prepared.
of different kinds e.g. Urad, Pluses, Potatoes, rices and mango pappad.
is found in almost all parts of India in a large number of varieties
safaida, Dusehri, Alphonso, Badami Benishan, Raspuri, Neelam, Mulgoa
produces an excellent pulp or juice.
pappads are made round but at present all sizes and shapes are made
the same plant and machinery.
pappad is most flexible and
transparent and twisted or turned many times.
which is used for the cleaning of household utensils is known as
utensils cleaning powder. In market it is found in different trade
as VIM BIZ etc.
powder for cleaning utensils is of universal types and it can be even
cleaning aluminium, crockery, sanitaries warass and utensils made of
steel, etc. Perhaps this product is very well known in various classes,
starting from lowest to highest classes.
from 1940 onwards, the utility of utensils cleaning powder has
rapidly all over the world. During last decade it has grown at much
especially in all the developed countries of the world.
Pan Masala In Pouch and Tin Pack (Sada, Meetha, Zarda
are widely used to resource bad order of mouth and for scenting it a
feeling. Pan masalas are available in the market in different types,
brand, and standard. Among them are Pan Parag, Prince Gutka, Pan Mayur,
type etc. are most commonly used as these are the best pan masalas,
made of kutch lime, betal nuts and other sophisticated item and
the pan masala is becoming a part and parcel of the daily routine of
individual, the scale and marketing of pan masala is increasing day by
There is enough scope for starting the manufacture of Pan Masala on a
symbol of beauty love affection, romance, tranquility etc. Besides
value they are important for their economic uses, such as for
cut blooms and other products. In our country flowers are sanctified
commonly used in worshiping the deities in our home as well as in
Flowers are used on all occasions whether it may be in marriages,
ceremonies or social functions.
roses cultivated in the garden for ornamental purposes are complex
several wild species and their number runs into several thousands.
types are being created continuously by rose breeders.
few species are grown on a commercial scale for the preparation of
like rose water and rose oil which are widely used in making perfumes,
of several species of roses are used for preparation of gulkanda
majority of the garden roses grown in India had been introduced either
Europe or America where rose breeding had received considerable
the last 150 years. Mutation plays the vital role in, the origin of new
characters or varieties of flowers.
of garden roses are very large running to 10,000 or more and about 100
forms are being introduced in cultivation every year. The garden roses
be arranged in natural groups due to the extensive hybridization
their evolution for this reason they are naturally arranged into groups
similar types having more or less same horticultural requirement.
Soyabean Bariyan (Automatic Plant)
bariyan has high nutritive value and protein content. For this reason
becoming more and more common in the daily diet of Indian population.
It is consumed
by various people in every place, whether it may in hotels or
or hotels, airports or guesthouses. Soyabean contains a higher
proteins than many other foodstuffs. Thus, due to its nutritive value
demand of Soyabean Bariyan is increasing day by day.
raising demand for energy
has given new a look for the exploration of solar energy. The
solar energy has recently considered feasible technologically, and it
started using on large scale Solar energy can be use into a desirable
energy by converting it into either thermal or electrical energy. And
solar energy water heater is one of such types. Recently, solar water
technology has because most popular in developed or developing
Japan, Israel Australia and USA. Here commercial solar water heater are
available and widely used in India also number of industries are coming
field in order to fulfill energy crises.
Mosquito Repellent Mats
disease bearing insects mosquitoes plays important role in transition
diseases like yellow fever, dengus hemorrhage fever, and many forms of
namely, Japanese B. Venezuelan west nile, Rose River and Rift valley
Apart from malaria, which is transmitted, by the bits of female
mosquito is responsible for more than one million death every year.
insects that bite human beings and transmit diseases includes bitting
black, fliers, sandflies etc.
Thus, inorder to control the
spread of diseases by
mosquitoes and other insects different insecticides and chemicals are
most effective formulation for the best results can be obtained by
tablet in conjunction form with an electric or electronic device for
the mosquitoes. Hence, mosquito repellent mats are one of them and it
different kinds of stoves, wick stove is most commonly used. Unlike
stoves wick stove is easy to operate and there is no danger of accident
bursting. In order to over come the difficulties of firing
coal, or chullas, wick stoves are most preferable. Wick stoves are kept
assistant even in the houses where Coal, Chullas are used. Since it
and it is easy to operate. Thus the use of wick stove is increasing day
in every house. There are good markets for its manufacturers. Some more
Board and Boxes
Corrugated Sheet Board and
Boxes are considered to
be important packing media for different kinds of light weight goods.
It can be
fixed into various shapes and types namely cartons. Rigid boxes,
boxes, compost containers etc. Thus most of the wooden packing is
corrugated sheet board and boxes.
Soap Coated Paper
Soap coated paper is one of
the latest invention for
the modern men. It is light in weight and occupy less space and
these reasons it become easy to carry where ever we go. It is a hand
product and it is very convenient to do so.
Phenyl Brown and White
is one of the common
disinfectants used for killing insects and germs. It is used to killing
that are found in drainage or nallahs, Labotary and in waste product.
also used in hospitals veterinary bam room, toilet etc. as
There are two types of phenyl disinfectant namely black oil
pine oil disinfectant. Phenyl is obtained from coal tar distillates
contain high boiling for acid. Phenyl is found in two forms, liquid and
Thus phenyl is one of best form of insecticide that is commonly used in
It is an electrical
Instrument/System. As the name
of the instrument itself is uninterrupted power supply, it will supply
power with but interruption. Generally, the power supply is available
commercial power supply system. But due to the disturbances of various
in the commercial systems, it will disturb to the continuous
system as well as private life. So to avoid above disturbances the UPS
is the best, which will give you the stabilized power supply.
Wearing garment is a basic
need for every human
being. Readymade garment is the garment, which is ready to wear. It is
more acceptable due to low cost of fabrication. Manufacture of
garment is very simple and easily manageable. Machinery and raw
required to start this industry are indigenously available. The
garments like cotton shirts, pajamas, petticoats and blouses are quite
acceptable in the rural markets.
Canning and Preservation of Fruit and Vegetables
is one of the important
commercial processes developed in preserving vegetables and fruits. All
methods of preservation, except cold storage and dehydration are
canning. The process of sealing is made in metal or glass containers.
assured both by the destruction of spoilage organism present in the
and by inflection from out side sources. But for powder and dry solids,
is not required. They are sealed in tin plate container for production
insects, dust and moisture. Canning has helped consumers to get the
vegetable through out the year.
available plenty in our country as a common mans fruit. It is produced
almost every states both in kitchen garden as well as in small and big
During the glut period, the problem of store and marketing are even
serious than in the case of most other fruits. The Central Food
Institute Mysore, established in 1950 has devoted special attention
inseperated utilization of the fruits after the maturity. The major
this Institute is to motivate the forms, for the production of papain
activity, and also to maintain the storage for long period. The papaya
are of both male and female
particularly, the female type produce
the mature papaya fruit, while still on the tree gives out milk of
which constitute of important enzyme i.e. papain. Papain is the dried
the fruit of the papain tree.
As we know that our country
has large numbers of
cattle, but the production of milk is very low. The low productivity of
due to the lack of adequate and sufficient supply of nutrients to
Therefore, this problem can be overcome by using cattle feed. Cattle
essential ingredient, which contain adequate nutrient. Thus, higher
of milk can be yield by providing cattle with cattle feed to catties.
powders are chemical mixtures of different nature and compositions that
in presence of moisture and heat to release a gas. The active
sodium bicarbonate and an acid substance that react in presence of
the bicarbonate to produce carbon dioxide.
powders are widely used in Bakery Industries, confectioneries etc.
Among the various spices used
along with food Chilli
powder is one of them. Chilli powder is well known name for Indian as
all the people in the world. At present major part of chilli powder
India is used in Indian kitchen itself. In older days it was the
make the required quantity of chilli powder in house itself but, now
due to the
modernization house wives have no time to spend for the preparation of
powder and so they buy the ready made powder from market.
Fast Food Parlour
parlour is defined as a public eating house situated at a specific
open for stated hours and has a variety of items on the menu. Due to
limited facilities in some houses and apartments, and at the same time,
general increase in income, economic growth, and the standard of
general public much of entertainment is done outside the house such as
parlours/restaurants, banquet halls or the public meeting rooms where
all these reasons fast food parlour has become very popular.
grinder forms or powder forms (dehydrated form) is said to be garlic
olden days, the only method of, dehydration known to mankind was
present, due to modernization of world, it is done scientifically, in
chamber by mechanical means under controlled condition in order to
taste and nutritive value.
Garlic powder is manufactured by both small and large scale food
The dehydrated garlic powder has good market scope in Indian as well as
powder because of its usefulness in flouring of food product and in
Printed Circuit Boards
past days, the components in an electronic circuit were connected by
wire. The various connecting wires got jumbled up and it give rise a
interelectuode capacitance that changes the circuit characteristics.
this, it was very difficult to test and repair the particular
circuit. Thus, in order to over come these difficulties, printed
has been introduced. These circuit boards can easily eliminate the
printed circuit board is an insulating bakelite sheet printed with a
electronic circuit like. Transistor, receiver set, amplifier, etc. It
the elimination of the above problems. As the circuit is already
printed on the
P.C.B. there is no need of providing any interconnection in the
Therefore because of the following advantages, P.C.Bs are widely used
manufacturing various electrons equipments.
bandages are made of very fine and soft cotton yarn. It is extensively
hospitals, dispensaries and other institutions where the treatment
are provided. It usually used for dressing celers, wound etc.
manufacturer mostly by small scale and cottage scale units, and no
required. Due to the spread and increase of health services and living
of people, demand on this is ever increasing. Hence, there lies a good
for its manufacturers.
Agarbatti is a well known
product among every
children, men and women. The word Agarbatti reminds an Indian mind of a
a shrine, its sacred perfume and the holy atmosphere of the place of
It has for ages been an inevitable element in the performance of
rites in this country. From this immemorial marriages in thread
other rites and religious functions have needed aggravates to give an
auspicious touch to the occasion. The perfume spread by agarbatti,
burns, makes it more sacred to a religious mind. Aggarbatties also
udbathies, similar to Joss sticks, are a development of dhoop agarbatti
industry, is a cottage type industry and this industry is very simple.
principal form in which incense is burnt in this country is on sticks.
principally made of sandalwood dust, but the incense burnt in the
countries is mainly made of olibanum, some specimens contains a little
charcoal, benzion and storax of the incense sticks available in the
Aloe Vera Gel & Powder
vera Gel is one of the
product prepared from aloe it self. Aloe vera Gel has very good
for external use for sun burning and pain killer. It has good medicinal
importance, which makes very good commercial value. It is required to
plantation as demand increases day by day.
term Aloe as described in Pharmacopoeia and used in medicine stands for
dried juice of leaves of Aloe perryi, Baker, also known as Socotrine
of Aloe barbadensis Miller (A.vera Linn) known as Curacao aloe or Aloe
Miller and hybrids of this species with aloe africana Miller and Aloe
Baker, known as cape aloes.
cosmetics are the product of cosmetic chemistry, a science that
skills of specialist in chemistry, physics, biology, medicine and
cosmetics are applied mostly to the skin, hair and nails, a brief
to the anatomy of these is desirable. In classifying herbal cosmetics,
be considered that the consumer of these preparations, most of whom are
and women are concerned with their physical character than their
characteristics. The texture, consistency, colour, odor, packaging and
appearance are far important to them than the Chemical properties of
ingredients or the finished product. They are definitely impressed by
cosmetic will do during use. This does not necessarily mean that the
technique of making cosmetics is unimportant. It may be pointed out
many cases it is not at all necessarily to duplicate a cosmetic
obtain the some beautifying effect. It would be most difficult or
impossible to make this duplication solely through chemical analysis
the complex make of many cosmetics.
(Bitter Guard Powder)
vegetable, which is grown in every part of India. Karela is especially
India from April to August. In the season it is abundantly available.
generally used as vegetable through out India. It has also good
value. It is bitter in taste. Karela powder is now special product,
be produced by spray drying process. There are few machineries required
production of karela powder, which are indigenously available. The
process is fairly pollution free. The product is formed in the powder
packed in the aluminium lined printed plastic foil. It can be stored at
temperature and easily transferred any where in the world. Demand
growth of the
processed vegetable will be increased in future, now it is about 5% per
There is very good export as well as domestic demand of Karela powder.