Herbal Cosmetics & Ayurvedic Medicines (EOU)


Herbal Cosmetics & Ayurvedic Medicines (EOU)

Author: P. K. Chattopadhyay
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 8186623302
Code: NI31
Pages: 583
Price: Rs. 975.00   US$ 100.00

Published: 1998
Publisher: National Institute of Industrial Research
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Herbal cosmetics have been into usage from time immemorial so has been the use of Ayurvedic medicines. Ayurveda which means the complete knowledge for long life has been very popular these days on account of its minimum or zero side effects with considerable power of curing. Similarly herbal cosmetics have been of great value because of the least harm they cause to the skin and the radiance they add to the skin. These days a number of beauty products that are using the herbal formulae and Ayurveda concepts have got lot of attention and have been witnessing a huge rise in demand not only nationally but on international arena. The charm of understanding herbal product is even you can use it by making certain combination at your home and get the benefits. These are economical and sure to provide alleviate the problems not only for skin but for long term health issues also.
Herbal products combine the skills of specialists in chemistry, physics, biology, medicine and herbs. These are less likely to cause any damaging effect to health. Bath and beauty products use herbs for both their scents and therapeutic qualities. Herbal products are replacing the synthetics products because of its harsh nature. Herbal products are in huge demand in the developed world for health care for the reason that they are efficient, safe and have lesser side effects. The formulations based on herbs are safe and effective. To exploit the knowledge that has got the genesis in our country the book aims to provide you a comprehensive information on different types of herbal Cosmetics and Ayurvedic medicines with formulae, processes, foreign buyers, Machinery and raw material sources, project profiles etc.
The contents of the book are: Analysis of Creams, Infra-Red Spectrophotometer In Cosmetic Analysis, Infra Red Spectrophotometer In Cosmetic Analysis, hair oil, Shampoo Introduction, Properties, Manufacturing Process, Manufacturing Process Flow Sheet, Market Survey Report, Name of the Manufacturers, Packaging Criteria for Cosmetics and Toiletries, Vicks Like Compound, Cough Syrup, colour in cosmetics, Name of Some Important Essential Oils, List of Products in the directory section. Herbal Liver Tonic, Eye Drops, Machinery Section, Directory and several other chapters providing in depth information. The book in general will be beneficial for entrepreneurs, industrialists, project consultant libraries and in general all those looking for detail information.

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Contents

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1. Infra-Red Spectrophotometry In Cosmetic Analysis
Planning The Course Of The Analysis, Identification Of Chemical Substances, Comparison Of Cosmetic Samples, General References
2. Ultra-Violet Spectrophotometry In Cosmetic Analysis
Applicability, Limitations, Use In Qualitative Analysis, Constituents That Absorb In The Ultra-Violet, General References
3. Chromatography In Cosmetic Analysis
Adsorption Chromatography, Ion-Exchange Chromatography, Gas Chromatography, Partition Chromatography, Selected References, General References
4. Analysis Of Creams
General Analysis, Net Contents, Description Of Cream, Type Of Emulsion, Ph Of O/W Emulsion Cream, Ashing At 600oc, Examination Of Ash, Non-Volatile Matter At 105oc, Infra-Red Examination Of Non-Volatile Matter, Chloroform-Extractable Matter, Material Not Extractable By Chloroform From Acid Aqueous Solution, Saponification Of Chloroform-Extractable Matter, Examination Of The Saponifiable Matter, Hydrocarbons & Alcohols In Unsaponifiable Matter, Examination Of Alcohols In Unsaponifiable Matter, Table 1 : Solubility Of Beeswax Alcohols In Cold Methanol, Composition Of Chloroform-Extractable Matter, Other Solvent Extraction Procedures, Chart 1 : Preparation Of Mixture Of Hydrocarbons, Beeswax, And Spermaceti For Chromatography, Chart 2 : Chromatography Of Hydrocarbons, Spermaceti Alcohols And Soluble Beeswax Alcohols, Chart 3 : Solubility Of Combined Total Beeswax And Spermaceti Alcohols In Cold Methyl Alcohol, Determination Of Water By Toluene Distillation, Examination Of Aqueous Fraction From Toluene Distillation, Quantitative Determination Of Propylene Glycol, Silicones In Creams, Determination Of Dichlorophene, Hexachlorophene, And 2.2'-Thiobis (4.6-Dichlorophenol) In Creams, Esters Of P-Hydroxybenzoic Acid, Emulsifiers, Summary Of 4.1-4.23, Analysis Of Special Types Of Creams, Creams Emulsified With Alkyl Sulfates, Creams Emulsified With Quaternary Ammonium Compounds, Creams Emulsified By Complex Silicates, Creams Emulsified With Polyoxyethylene Surface Active Agents, Aerosol Creams, Infra-Red Spectrophotometric Analysis, Vanishing Creams, Cold Creams, Silicone 555, Triethanolamine Hydrochloride, And Soap
5. Analysis Of Lipsticks
General Analysis, Net Contents, Description Of Lipstick, Non-Volatile Matter At 105oc, Infra-Red Spectrum Of Lipstick, Lakes And Fillers, Trichloroethylene-Acetone Solubles, Chromatographic Analysis Of Trichloroethylene-Acetone Solubles, Reagents, Scheme Of Analysis For Isolation Of Lipstick Fractions, Apparatus, Isolation Of Dyes And Other 50% Alcohol Eluates, Isolation Of 95% Acetic Acid Eluate (Castor Oil Or Oleyl Alcohol), Chloroform Eluate (Hydrocarbons And Waxes), Examination Of Dyes And Other 50% Alcohol Eluates, Castor Oil Or Oleyl Alcohol, Examination Of Hydrocarbons And Waxes, Comments On Chromatographic Procedure, Other Analyses, Propylene Glycol, Infra-Red Spectrophotometry For Analysis Of Lipsticks, Infra-Red Spectrum Of Oleyl Alcohol, General References
6. Analysis Of Shampoos
General Analysis, Net Contents, Description Of Shampoo, Ph Of Shampoo, Ash At 600oc, Examination Of Ash, Non-Volatile Matter At 105oc, Infra-Red Examination Of Non-Volatile Matter, Test For Ammonia, Test For Basic Nitrogen Compounds Including Ammonia, Determination Of Water By Toluene Distillation, Ethylenediaminetetracetic Acid, Lanolin And/Or Sterols, Water-Soluble Gums, Soap Shampoo, Identification, Analysis, Alkyl Sulfate Shampoo, Identification, Colorimetric Analysis, Hydrolysis With Hci, Ion Exchange, Chart 5 : Scheme Of Analysis For Shampoo, Infra-Red Spectra, Examination Of Spectra, Comments On Ion-Exchange Analysis, Alkyl Aryl Polyether Alcohol Shampoos, Identification, Analysis
7. Hair Oil
Introduction, Properties Of Hair Oil, Manufacturing Process & Hair Oil, I.S.I. No. Of Hair Oil : 7123, Name Of The Manufacturers
8. Lal Tooth Powder
Introduction, Properties Of Tooth Powder, Uses Of Tooth Powder, Isi Requirement, Manufacturing Process, Market Survey Report
9. Shampoo Introduction, Properties, Manufacturing Process, Manufacturing Process Flow Sheet, Market Survey Report, Name Of The Manufacturers
10. Bath And Massage Oil
Introduction, Uses, Properties, Manufacturing Process, Process Flow Diagram, Market Survey Report, Name Of The Present Manufacture
11. Sun Care/Skin Lightening Compound
Introduction, Uses, Properties, Manufacturing Process, Manufacturing Process Flow Diagram, Market Survey Report, Address Of The Manufacturers
12. Neem Oil
Introduction, Properties Of The Oil, Uses, Manufacturing Process Of Neem Oil, Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Market Survey Report
13. Herbal Liver Tonic
Introduction, Preparation Of Liver Tonic From Herbs, Uses, Properties, Address Of The Manufacture, Market Survey Report
14. Vicks Like Compound
Introduction, Manufacturing Process, Approximate Formula, Manufacturing Process Flow Diagram, Uses, Properties, Market Survey Report, Manufacturers Of Pharmaceutical
15. Eye Drops
Introduction, Properties Of Eye Drops, Properties Of Different Herbs, Uses, Application, Process Flow Diagram, Market Survey Report, Name Of The Manufacturers, Manufacturing Process, Composition
16. Packaging Criteria For Cosmetics And Toiletries
Evolution Of Packaging, Functional Requirements Of Packaging, Chemical Compatibility, Physical Compatibility, Aesthetic Factors, Cost-Effectiveness Of Pack, Packaging Materials, Product Evalution, Transit Trials, Product Characteristics And Packaging Materials, Legal Requirements, Closing, Table-I : Permeability Of Plastics, Table-Ii : Product Characteristics And Packaging Materials, Automatic Power Filling Machine, Automatic Cream Filling Machine, Collating & Overwrapping Machine, Automatic Carton Overwrapping Machine, Power Dozing Machine, Cream Filler, Automatic Rotary Capping Machine, Flow Wrapping Machine
17. Cosmetics For Elderly People
Types Of Aging, Table 1 : Influence Of Age On Dermis Thickness In The Upper Arm Region, Table 2 : Influence Of Age On Sebum Production (Based On Pochi And Strauss), Cosmetic Skin Care, Ensuring Efficacy, How Big Is The Elderly Market ?, Table 2.1 : U.S. Resident Population, By Age Groups And Sex In 1992 And Projected For 1995 And 2000 (In Thousands), Table 2.2 : Growth Rate Of U.S. Age Group Segment 55-64 Years Between 1992 And 2000 (In Thousands)
18. Cough Syrup
Introduction, Usefulness Of Different Herbs, Manufacturing Of Cough Syrup, Process Flow Diagram, Name Of The Manufacturer, Name Of The Manufacturer Of Herbal Medicines, Name Of The Manufacturer Of Herbal Cosmetics
19. Colour In Cosmetics
Hair, Formula 1 : Hair Dye, Formula 2 : Anhydrous Hair Darkener, Formula 3 : Two-Step Non-Oxidative Hair Dye, Formula 4 : Direct Hair-Dye Shampoo, Formula 5 : Hair-Coloring/Conditioning Shampoo, Formula 6 : Hair Dye Containing Natural Pigments, Makeup, Formula 7 : Eye Brow Cake, Formula 8 : Lipsticks, Formula 9 : Water-In-Oil Lipstick Emulsion, Formula 10 : Transfer-Resistant Lipstick, Formula 11 : Lipstick With Polymeric Thickener, Formula 12 : Oil-In Water Lipstick Emulsion, Lipsticks, Foundations, Formula 13 : Pore-Covering Makeup, Formula 14 : Water-In-Oil Makeup Foundation, Formula 15 : Tinted Makeup Gel, Formula 16 : Foundation Makeup Base, Formula 17 : Non-Compacted Makeup Powder, Formula 18 : Liquid Eye-Liner, Formula 19 : Eye Liner, Formula 20 : Water And Oil-Resistant Mascara, Formula 21 : Waterproof Cream Eye Shadow, Eye Makeup, Formula 22 : Eyelash Makeup, Formula 23 : Mascara Emulsion, Formula 24 : Water-Resistant Mascara, Formula 25 : Eye-Makeup Remover, Formula 26 : Non-Discoloring Nail Lacquer, Formula 27 : Non-Yellowing Nail Lacquer, Formula 28 : Skin-Coloring Formulation, Nail Lacquers, Skin Pigmentation, Vehicles, Formula 29 : Treatment Creams For Hypopigmentation, Formula 30 : Self-Tanning Spray, Formula 31 : Artificial Tanning Lotion, Formula 32 : Skin-Whitening Composition, Formula 33 : Skin-Lightening Composition, Formula 34 : Skin-Lightening Composition, Formula 35 : Skin-Lightening Cream, Formula 36 : Photodamaged Skin/Skin-Lightening Treatment Oil, Formula 37 : Skin-Lightening Lotion, Formula 38 : Skin Lightener, Formula 39 : Skin Lightener, Formula 40 : Skin-Lightening Preparation
20. Production And Commerce Of The Herbal Crude Drugs, Phytopharmaceuticals, Aromatic Herbs, Essential Oils, Gums, Dyes And Spices
Introduction, Definitions, Ayurveda, Unani And Sidha Medicines, Homeopathic Medicine, Production And Commerce, Table 1 - Area Under Cultivation Of Important Medicinal Plant In India, Table - 2 Area Under Cultivation And Production Of The Important Essential Oils Yielding Plants In India And Other Producing Countries
Name Of Some Important Essential Oils
List Of Products
Specifications Of Cedryl Acetate
Specifications Of Citronellyl Nitrile
Specifications Of Dicyclopentenyl Acetate
Specifications Of Dihydromyrcenol
Specifications Of Heliotropin
Specifications Of Methyl Cedryl Ketone
Specifications Of Pinocarvyl Propionate
Specifications Of Terpineol, Alpha-
Specifications Of Tetrahydromycenol
Specifications Of Labdacist Oil
Specifications Of Labdanum Absolute
Specifications Of Decoloured Labdanum Absolute
Specifications Of Labdanum Concrete
Specifications Of Eucalyptus Oil (Globulus)
Specifications Of Eucalyptus Absolute
Specifications Of Eucalyptus Concrete
Specifications Of Moss Absolute
Specifications Of Decoloured Moss Absolute
Specifications Of Moss Concrete
Specifications Of Wine Aroma Oil
Vanillin
Specifications Of Gum Labdanum
Name Of The Suppliers Of Raw Material
Name Of The Plant Machinery Suppliers
Cost Calculation :
Hair Oil
Lal Tooth Powder
Shampoo
Bath And Massage Oil
Suncare/Skin Lightening Compound
Neem Oil
Herbal Liver Tonic
Vicks Like Compound
Eye Drops
Machinery Section
Directory Of Foreign Buyers/Sellers,
Processors/Manufacturers Or Herbal/
Traditional Single And
Compound Medicinal Materials
Directory Of Perfumes & Flavours
Manufactures/Distributors/Suppliers/
Traders/Exporters/Importers

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Sample Chapters


(Following is an extract of the content from the book)
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Hair Oil

Introduction

Hair Oil is one of the commonly used oil. It has large demand in the market provided quality is good. Hair oil should stimulate hair growth and prevent the hair loss. It keeps the head cool. It should have good smell and should not corrode the skin. It should be liquid at room temperature, i.e. at 30°C. Hair oil basically produced by using coconut oil, castor oil and perfumes.

Properties Of Hair Oil

  1. It should be hair stimulant.
  2. It should have pleasant odour.
  3. It should be in liquid form.
  4. It should have good colour.
  5. It should stop hair loss and remove dandruff.

Uses of Hair Oil : It is used on the head of the human being for message.

Manufacturing Process : Hair oil is generally manufactured from castor oil or coconut oil or a mixture of castor oil and coconut oil with pleasant odour and colour.

Manufacturing Process & Hair Oil

Coconut Oil……………………………………….80%

Castor Oil………………………………………….12%

Perfume…………………………………………….1-3%

Colour……………………………………………….0.01%-0.5%

Take coconut oil in a stainless steel vessel and add to it refined castor oil till a homogenous mixture is produced. It should be taken care of that at the time of mixing oils should not precipitate. Now add to it permitted perfume (like rose flavour, bellis etc.) and close the tank. Keep it for 12-24 Hours. Permitted colour should be added before the perfume. When perfume is completely blended over the mixture, the oil is ready for packaging. Hair oil is packed in the bottle. Label the bottles and check the appearance. And if any precipitate is there it should be cleared. If the precipitate remains, reject the bottle. Otherwise pack and store it for marketing.

I.S.I. No. of Hair Oil : 7123

Market:- There is very good market demand for quality hair oil though there is also good competition. If the quality of the oil is not satisfactory the customer requirement, it is difficult to exit for that brand. Market demand for hair oil is gradually increasing by 10% per annum.

Name of the Manufacturers


M/s. Saini Herbs Pvt. Ltd.

17, 19, 20 Kanishka Shopping Complex,

Kanishka Hotel,

Ashoka Road,

New Delhi.

Ph. 011-23722279, 23711629, 23324511.

Fax. 011-23354111.


M/s. Herbika Hair Oil

Bhatnagars Homeo Herbal Drugs

And Cosmetics Pvt. Ltd.

P.O. Box No. 9454,

New Delhi-110 051.

Ph. 22214415.


M/s. Pravek Kalp

1711, S. P. Mukherjee Marg,

Delhi-110 006.


M/s. Health Treasure

Tulsion Pharma

Delhi-110 007.


M/s. Dey's Medical Stores Ltd.

9/28, Nelly Sen Gupta,

Sarani,

Calcutta-700 067.


M/s. Dabur India Ltd.

Harsha Bhavan,

Block-E,

Connaught Place,

New Delhi-110 001.


M/s. Herby International

E-38, Greater Kailash,

Part-2,

New Delhi-110 048.

Ph. 26439890, 26427426, 26445738.


M/s. Suru Chemicals &

Pharmaceuticals (Pvt.) Ltd.

11, New Commercial Building,

Sona Udyog,

Parsi Panchayat Road,

Andheri (East),

Mumbai-400 069.

Ph. 28321225, 28344430.

Bath and Massage Oil

Introduction

Bath oil or massage oil is one of the most commonly used oil. This is prepared by cold mixing of different varieties of herbal extract oil. There is almost no necessity of heat for the preparation of bath oil or massage oil. Uniform mixing is the proper way of making quality massage oil. The main ingredients are silybeim marianum ethylester jojoba oil, sandal wood essential oil, yland ylang essential oil, jasmin absolute, palmorsa essential oil, mandarine orange essential oil, peppermint oil, etc. Stainless steel 304 vessels are used for the mixing of oil with agitation. After proper mixing oil is packed in bottle with proper lable. Quality of the oil should be checked before marketing. It is stored in room temp. or in cool conditions.

Uses

  1. It is used for massaging on the body to keep the body fresh and smooth.
  2. It may be used for removing body pain.

Properties

  1. It is generally uniform liquid.
  2. It should have a good flavour and colour.
  3. It should not be corrosive.
  4. It is neutral in pH.
  5. There should not be any free fatty acid.

Manufacturing Process

Massage oil or bath oil is prepared by using the following ingredients.

Silybum Marianum ethyl ester……………………93.75%

Jojoba Oil………………………………………………5.00%

Sandal wood essential oil…………………………..0.10%

Ylang ylang essential oil…………………………….0.10%

Jasmine absolute……………………………………..0.50

Palmorosa essential oil……………………………….0.30

Mandarine orange essential oil……………………..0.05

Peppermint oil…………………………………………..0.20%

Take the above ingredients and put them in a closed cylindrical (2:1 = H : D) tank. Where H = Height and D = Diameter. Cylinderical tank is attacked with agitator and agitator R.P.M. may be adjusted between 50-200. Addition of oil are serially with agitation. After complete mixing of the ingredients, keep the mixture in the closed vessels for 12-20 hours. After 20 hours check the quality of the oil and start to pack it in bottles or drums with proper labeling. Packed bottles are stored and marketed.

Market Survey Report

There is fair scope for massage oil or bath oil. The average demand for it goes up by 2-3%. There is no sharp demand-supply gap now. It can be predicted that the quality product with a competitive price can capture some part of the market share.

Name of the Present Manufactures

M/s. Herby International

A-365, Chirag Delhi,

New Delhi-110 017.

Ph. 011-26427426, 26445738.


M/s. Balsara Hygiene Products Ltd.

12-A, Jorawar Bhavan,

Maharishi Karve Road,

Mumbai-400 020.

Ph. 022-256241, 295469.

Fax. 022-942222.


M/s. Active Organics

11230, Grader Street,

Dallas, Taxas 75238,

Ph. 214-3482015.

Fax. 214-3481557.


SUN CARE/SKIN LIGHTENING COMPOUND

Introduction

Now a days increase in air pollution causes loss of ozone layer in the atmosphere. Due to loss of azone layer, u.v. rays from the sun reach the earth and penetrate the skin of human body. Penetration of u.v. rays in the skin produces skin cancer. To protect the skin it is necessary to use sun care. Sun care produced from the botanical extract is much more active and helpful for the human bodies. Basically compounds used for the preparation of sun care are glycerol stearate, polyethanol glycol, stearic acid, meadow foam seed oil, deionized water, glycerin, arbutin extract, mulberry extract, titanium dioxide, fragrance, B.H.T., etc. It is produce in the form of lotion or ointment. It will be neutrol in action towards skin. It has good flavour. Flavour is produced according to flavouring agent used. A different kind of flavouring agent is now available.

For manufacturing of sun care lotion a stainless steel vessel with heating arrangement and agitator is used. For proper material taking it is necessary to use a balance. For storing the lotion, it is necessary to use a balance. For storing the lotion, it is necessary to put the lotion or ointment in the proper packaging machine. Keep the pack material for long time, store and market.

Uses

  1. It reduces melanocytes.
  2. It inhibits tyrosinase and other intermediates.
  3. It screens UVB and UVA light.

Properties

  1. It is solid emulsion in water and glycerol.
  2. It is non-corrosive and non-irritant.
  3. It is about neutral in Ph.
  4. It has good flavour.

Manufacturing Process

Raw material with per cent required :-

(A) Glyceryl Stearate……………………………………..5%

Polyethylene Glycol Stearate……………………….9%

Stearic Acid………………………………………………1%

(B) Tridecyl Stearate………………………………………..10%

Meadow Foam Seed Oil………………………………..2.4%

(C) Deionized Water…………………………………………49.1%

Glycerine……………………………………………………8%

(D) Arbution Extract…………………………………………..4%

Mulbery Extract…………………………………………….3.0%

Titanium Dioxide……………………………………………5.00%

Perfluorodecalin……………………………………………..3.00%

Fragrance………………………………………………………0.5%

Take ingredients or (A) in a stainless steel (S.S. 304) vessel or reactor attached with agitator and heat it to melt all the ingredients. After melting the product, stir the ingredients to make homogeneous emulsion. Now add to the reactor all the ingredients of (B) to the reactor with agitation at 70°C so that (A) and (B) completely mix together and form a homogeneous emulsion of (A) and (B).

Mix deionized water and glycerin completely in a separate vessel to prepara a glycerin and water mix.

Add arbution extract and mulbury extract to the water glycerol. Mix and make a homogeneous emulsion. In this emulsion add titanium dioxide to form a homogeneous emulsion.

In the formed emulsion add perfluorodecalin to form a uniform mixture of all the ingredients (E).

Now make the temp. of (A) + (B) mix at 50°C, put homogeneous mix of (E) to the (A) + (B) mix with continuous stirring so that all the mixture formed a homogeneous emulsion. Add fragrance to it and cover the mix and keep it for 4-8 hours at 20°C - 30°C. Pack the lotion in proper packaging and keep it at low temp. for a long time store. Packaging material may be collapsible plastic tube or aluminium tube.

Market Survey Report

In the near future sun burning cases will be increased due to increase in air pollution. To protect from sun burning it is essentially required to use sun care lotion. It can be predicted that there would be increase in market demand by about 10% due to increase in population and air pollution.

Address of the Manufacturers

M/s. Balsara Hygiene Product Ltd.

12-A, Jorawar Bhavan,

Maharish Karve Road,

Mumbai-400 020.

Ph. 022-256241, 295469.

Fax. 022-942222.


M/s. Active Organics

112030, Grader Street,

Dallas,

Texas-75238.

Ph. 214-348-2015.

Fax. 214-348-1557.


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