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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Ethiopia, East Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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GLASS BOTTLE FOR BEER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

A beer bottle is a bottle made to contain beer, usually made of glass and come in various sizes, shapes and colours. Dark amber or brown glass greatly reduces UV light from spoiling the beer.[1] However, lighter colored bottles are often used for marketing reasons. The first nationwide standardized beer bottles were introduced in Sweden in 1886. The medium size, 330ml (11.6 imp fl oz; 11.2U.S. fl oz), is still in use today, but is being phased out. Glass occurs naturally in two ways. When lightning strikes sand, the immense heat developed causes the silica grains constituting sand to fuse into long tubes of glassy material called fulgurites. Glass is also naturally formed when hot, molten lava from an erupting volcano is subjected to sudden, rapid cooling resulting in the deposition of under developed crystals of glass, more rightly referred to asobsidian. The technique of glass making too is based on similar lines. People learned to make the first glass containers about two thousand years ago. Molten glass was collected on the ends of hollow iron pipes and then expanded by blowing through the pipes. Slowly, people learnt to blow molten glass into moulds. Glass bottle making machines were introduced in the thirties. In the early seventies, environmentalists began arguing on the grounds that glass bottles added to pollution. This led to the setting up of numerous recycling centers where people could return bottles for reuse in other bottles. The entire process of bottle making is almost fully automated. An automated feeder separates a stream of molten glass into individual gobs. These are then dropped through tubes in a moving track. The gob is shaped into what looks like a short bottle with thick walls and is called a parison. The parison is transferred to a final mould made of iron, which moves up and clamps around the glass. Air is blown into the glass till it acquires the final shape of the mould. This procedure involving expansion is called blowing. The bottle is then released from the mould and annealed. MARKET SURVEY Glass bottles are used widely in the food industry. Glass faces tough competition in this sector though, from plastics, paper products and metals. It’s a very competitive market place. Plastics have made big headway into some of glass’s traditional markets, particularly in the food sector, but glass container production is still rising. He explained that glass often wins out as it is perceived to be a superior material. This is borne out by the results of surveys conducted on behalf of the Glass Packaging Institute (GPI): 96% of wine and beer drinkers in the US and Europe said they preferred their drink to be packaged in glass bottles. Consumers believe that glass provides a truer taste, by protecting the purity and quality of the drink better. The GPI says that, “Glass provides a barrier to oxygen and moisture, protecting it longer and better than any other packaging material... it communicates a premium image, taste and quality.” Soda-lime glass, while the most abundantly manufactured form of glass, has experienced testing times during the past few years as the global economic crisis significantly slowed the amount of new building as well as the amount of manufacturing worldwide. Glass was hit hard by a crash in the global housing market during the period 2008-2012. This collapse, in turn, caused the prices for some minerals used to produce glass - such as soda ash - to dip to the point where prices for the mineral were as low as they can feasibly go. Other glass-using industries, such as automobile manufacturing, also took a knock, which again filtered down to the raw materials demand level. While some glass markets dipped in 2012, this year has already begun to show some promise. In the housing sector, for example, 23 markets have demonstrated better year-on-year statistics in Q3 2012 compared with Q3 2011, according to a report by Global Property Guide. Recovery of the US housing market has been particularly evident, with growth in Q3 2012 being the highest since Q2 2006, according to the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), the Guide reported. Despite these encouraging results, the impact of the global economic crisis is still evident across the glass industry. Increased production costs, unilateral CO2 costs, fluctuating and unfavourable exchange rates, and high labour costs hamper the cost competitiveness at global level of the container glass sector. OPPORTUNITIES Only few major players are there in the market, each having its own specialty in making different types sizes of glass. Therefore, competition is low and specialization is high. Raw materials as sand (silica), limestone and soda ash are basic ingredients and are readily available in Pakistan. Pakistan's glass industry can plan for joint ventures for safety and automotive glass, while it has been exporting glass to Afghanistan at an increasing rate. Export oriented development projects by the Ministry of Industrial Production and Special Initiatives (MIP&SI) were announced during 2010 and are worth 969.97 Million Rupees for Glass and ceramics industry. Anti-dumping measures and penalties by the Government on Chinese substitutes favorably impact local manufacturers. The existence of many small and medium sized players requires a period of consolidation in the Industry, allowing it to me more competitive and invest in technology to boost its export potential. Ceramic product lines include a vast range of products; tiles, tableware, sanitary ware, refractory and insulators which are a source of immense amount of revenue. The domestic demand for tile, sanitary ware and table ware is rising because of the rapid urbanization and construction of houses. Large export potential in sanitary ware in Middle East, Africa and Central Asia exists which can be exploited by using local expertise for manufacturing of machinery. Facilitation of supply chain collaboration is needed by the sector which will eventually help in meeting the demand of the product. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS A C E Glass Containers Ltd. A G Glass Ltd. Cana Glass Ltd. Durgesh Block & China Glass Works Ltd. Excel Glasses Ltd. H S I L Ltd. Haldyn Corporation Ltd. Haldyn Glass Ltd. Haryana Sheet Glass Ltd. Hindusthan National Glass & Inds. Ltd. Jagatjit Industries Ltd. Mahalakshmi Glass Works Pvt. Ltd. Mohan Breweries & Distilleries Ltd. Mohan Meakin Ltd. Neutral Glass & Allied Inds. Pvt. Ltd. Piramal Glass Ltd. Shree Gobinddeo Glass Works Ltd. Shri Balkishan Agarwal Glass Inds. Ltd. Tilaknagar Distilleries & Inds. Ltd. Vazir Glass Works Ltd. Victory Glass & Inds. Ltd. Western India Glass Works Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100000 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 112 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 620 Lakhs
Return: 29.80%Break even: 63.13%
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PARTICLE BOARD FROM BAGASSE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Bagasse is the waste of sugar industry. It can be used for the production of bagasse base board or solid fuels or for the production of power or for the production of Alcohol. Now we are intending to produce bagasse base board. For the manufacturing of bagasse base board, it-should be in the form of fine particle and other raw material used phenol formaldehyde base adhesive and neem leaf dust. The required plant machineries are solid mixing machine, hydraulic press, hot air dust or drier and S.S made mould. There is gradually demand increase in wood base products. There are few manufacturers who makes board by partial use of fine particles of bagasse. In this product manufacturing there is very minimum amount of environmental pollution. The product board can compete with the ply board or wood base board. This can be very safely handled and transport from one place to another place. Quality of board depend on the fine technique of finishing. Any new entrepreneur may enter into this field will be successful. It is solid, sort and net easily breakable. It is not easily effected by weather and temperature up to 60 0C. It can be transport from one place to another place. It can be sized easily according to requirement. USES & APPLICATION It can be used for making different variety of furniture like, chair, table, bed etc. It can be used for making panel board, windows, doors etc. It can be used for making partition in the room. It is used in Construction companies, school, colleges, paints, and for domestic uses. MARKET SURVEY Few organized and many private organizations are engaged in the manufacturing of ply board or wood board or bagasse base board. There is growth about 5-8% per annum. These is no import of ply board, these is scope of export of ply board as well as wood board is there. In the near future projected demand of bagasse base board will be increased by 5% as this is the product of wood substitute.
Plant capacity: 2000 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 637 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1098 Lakhs
Return: 26.59%Break even: 53.25%
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MULTISPECIALTY HOSPITAL - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project

The Indian healthcare dates back to the Vedic system of healthcare (Ayurveda) in 5000 BC. The Ayurvedic principles of positive health and therapeutic measures relate to physical, mental, social and spiritual welfare of human beings. During the early Vedic period, Ayurveda was perhaps the only system of overall healthcare and medicine. It enjoyed the unquestioned patronage and support of the people and their rulers. Ayurveda proliferated the most during the Vedic period. The Vedic period is followed by a long medieval history marked by uncertain political conditions and several invasions from outside the country when Ayurveda faced utter neglect and its growth stunted. Unani medicine was brought into India during this time and gained momentum with the extensive support of Mughal emperors. With the British invasion, Allopathy was also brought to India and soon got acceptance for swift results. Today, with continuous research and development, Aallopathy dominates the Indian health care market. Healthcare industry in India is divided into two segments - services and manufacturing. While the manufacturing segment consists of both medical equipment manufacturing industry and the pharma production, the services segment is basically split into direct services and indirect services. Hospitals, health insurance services and R&D services are considered as direct services, while third party insurance, claims settlement services and others, are considered as indirect services. The chart given below shows the structure of the industry. The estimated size of Indian Healthcare industry was USD 35 billion in 2008 and grew at 23 per cent per annum and touched USD 80 billion in 2012 and by 2017 will reach over USD 150 billion. There is an increasing number of private and public healthcare facilities and are expected to rise in demand for the industry accounting for USD 6.7 billion.A specialty hospital is dedicated to specific sub-specialty care (paediatric centres, oncology centres, psychiatric hospitals). Patients will often be referred from smaller hospitals to a speciality hospital for major operations, consultations with sub-specialists and when sophisticated intensive care facilities are required. These hospitals have highly trained specialists, high-end technology and provide round the clock services. These hospitals are able to do specialised tests, undertake dialysis for acute renal failure, provide ventilation to patients with respiratory failure and render intensive care to critically ill patients. These hospitals undertake research and have adequate library facilities. These hospitals concentrate on a particular organ of the body and provide medical care e.g., cancer, dental, psychiatry, T.B. etc. MARKET SIZE & GROWTH The healthcare equipment sector attracted 8.8 per cent of the total investments in terms of deal value with an aggregate of US$ 249.01 million (20 deals), according to data released by VCCEdge. The hospital and diagnostics centre in India received foreign direct investment (FDI) worth US$ 1,597.33 million, while drugs & pharmaceutical and medical & surgical appliances industry registered FDI worth US$ 10,318.17 million and US$ 622.99 million, respectively during April 2000 to March 2013, according to data provided by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).The diagnostics sector in India has been witnessing immense progress in innovative competencies and credibility. In addition, the emerging sectors, such as bio-generics and pharma packaging are also paving way for the pharmaceutical market to continue its upward trend during FY 2012- 2014 FY. To determine the feasibility of the project, the first consideration in the survey is to study the character, needs and possibilities of the community which the hospital is going to serve. Based on the health indicators for India released by the WHO, CRISIL Research estimates the Indian healthcare delivery industry to reach Rs 2.3 trillion in 2010-11. As healthcare coverage across the country increases, the industry is expected to register a CAGR of 12 per cent to reach Rs 4.2 trillion in 2015-16. As private investments have been skewed towards in-patient department (IPD) treatments, its share in the overall market is expected to increase from 64 per cent in 2010-11 to 66 per cent by 2015-16. The growth in demand for healthcare delivery services will be mainly driven by a combination of various factors including changing demographics, increasing income levels, greater health awareness and increasing health insurance coverage. Investments of over Rs 5.6 trillion required to attain healthcare delivery benchmarks India lags behind several global benchmarks for healthcare delivery. In terms of both healthcare infrastructure and manpower, India ranks below even developing countries like China, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Vietnam in terms of both beds to population and physicians to population ratios. In order to meet the global median of 24 beds per 10,000 population, as per WHO statistics, investments of Rs 5.6 trillion would be required over the next 5 years. The growth in the healthcare services in the country is primarily driven by the 350 million strong middle class people aspiring for quality healthcare services, thus increasing international confidence on India as a potential, high quality and low cost medical tourism destination. According to the WHO report, India needs to add 80,000 hospital beds each year for the next five years to meet the demandsof its growing population. High quality talent pool, proven track record, favourable government policies, ability todeliver healthcare services at low cost and high quality infrastructure has put India on the global map for outsourcing various healthcare related services. This has been further intensified by Government of India’s recent budget declarations, where enough emphasis has been given on setting up of healthcare delivery infrastructure mainly in Tier – I & Tier – II cities. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS Alps Hospital Ltd. Amri Hospitals Ltd. Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Ltd. Apollo Hospitals Intl. Ltd. Apollo Lavasa Health Corpn. Ltd. Artemis Health Sciences Pvt. Ltd. Artemis Medical Institute & Hospitals Pvt. Ltd. Asia Healthcare Devp. Ltd. Asian Heart Institute & Research Centre Pvt. Ltd. Ayurvedagram Heritage Wellness Center Pvt. Ltd. Billroth Hospitals Ltd. Brahmaputra Hospitals Ltd. Breach Candy Hospital Trust Central Travancore Specialists Hospital Ltd. Chandak Hospital & Research Insititute Ltd. Chennai Meenakshi Multispeciality Hospital Ltd. Crystal Hospitals Ltd. Deccan Hospitals Corpn. Ltd. [Merged] Dr. Agarwal'S Eye Hospital Ltd. Durgapur Projects Ltd. Emed.Com Technologies Ltd. Escorts Heart & Superspeciality Institute Ltd. Escorts Hospital & Research Centre Ltd. Fortis Health Mgmt. Ltd. Fortis Hospitals Ltd. Fortis Hospotel Ltd. Fortis Malar Hospitals Ltd. Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute Pvt. Ltd. Ganga Care Hospital Ltd. Gokuldas Hospitals Ltd. Goodwill Hospital & Research Centre Ltd. Gowri Gopal Hospitals Pvt. Ltd. Harvey Health Care Ltd. Hometrail Buildtech Pvt. Ltd. Hometrail Estate Pvt. Ltd. Imperial Hospital & Research Centre Ltd. Indiaco Health Care Pvt. Ltd. Indraprastha Medical Corpn. Ltd. International Hospital Ltd. Jaya Diagnostic & Research Centre Ltd. Jubilant First Trust Healthcare Ltd. K M C Speciality Hospitals (India) Ltd. Keshlata Cancer Hospital Ltd. Ketki Research Institute Of Medical Sciences Ltd. Kovai Medical Center & Hospital Ltd. Lakeshore Hospital & Research Centre Ltd. Lotus Eye Care Hospital Ltd. Mahalaxmi Hospital Ltd. Mandke Foundation Mangal Anand Health Care Ltd. Mayo Hospitals Ltd. Meridian Medical Research & Hospital Ltd. Miot Hospitals Ltd. Modern Hospital Kodungallur Ltd. Nagarjuna Ayurvedic Centre Ltd. Nagarjuna Hospitals Ltd. Nairsons Medical Services Ltd. Newrise Healthcare Pvt. Ltd. Noida Medicare Centre Ltd. Onnu Kurae Ayiram Yogam Mission Hospital Ltd. Peerless Hospitex Hospital & Research Center Ltd. Pulikkal Medical Foundation Quality Care India Ltd. R M C Med Ltd. Rajasthan Cancer Cure Hospital Ltd. Rama Medicares Ltd. Ramkrishna Care Medical Sciences Pvt. Ltd. Regency Hospital Ltd. S J S Holdings Ltd. S R L Diagnostics Private Ltd. S R L Ltd. Sada Sharada Tumour & Research Institute. Sahara India Medical Institute Ltd. Sahyadri Hospitals Ltd. Samudra Healthcare Enterprises Ltd. Saumya Medicare International Ltd. Sharma East India Hospitals & Medical Research Ltd. Shushrusha Citizens' Co-Op. Hospital Ltd. Soni Medicare Ltd. Sterling Addlife India Ltd. Sunlit Hospital Ltd. Superior Medicare Ltd. Sushrut Hospital & Diagnostic Ltd. Sushruta Medical Aid & Research Hospital Ltd. Tamilnad Hospital Ltd. Trichur Heart Hospital Ltd. Trivandrum International Health Services Ltd. Trivandrum Medical Speciality Services Ltd. Valluvanad Hospital Complex Ltd. Visakha Hospitals & Diagnostics Ltd. Win Health Care Pvt. Ltd. Wockhardt Hospital Ltd. Zubeda Hospitals Ltd.
Plant capacity: 317 Patients/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 5280 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 7778 Lakhs
Return: 27.77%Break even: 34.95%
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EDIBLE OIL REFINERY UNIT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Rice is grown over vast areas of land around the world and is a major staple food for more than half of the world population. Rice is an excellent source of nutrients, where protein contains the eight essential amino acids. Rice is a relatively good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, phosphorous, iron and potassium and is also a good source of carbohydrates, which serves as a form of energy. Non-allergenic and gluten-free characteristics make rice ideal for persons with these special dietary requirements. Harvested rice is in the form of rough rice (paddy) with the edible portion covered with an outer protective layer known as the husk or hull. After being dried, the rice passes though Sheller machines to remove the hull material. Shelling produces brown rice, with a thin bran layer surrounding the rice kernel. Abrasive forces in the milling machine remove the outer bran layer on the brown rice and the resultant product is white rice. White rice is consumed after appropriate polishing to further remove any remaining bran layers and to give a desired degree of whiteness and polish. The rice hull and rice bran are obtained as by-products of the rice milling industry. Rice bran, which includes the pericarp, the aleurone and sub-aleurone layers, parts of the germ and the embryo as well as small portions of the starchy endosperm, is a valuable milling by-product. After milling, the immediate stabilization of rice bran using thermal treatment techniques deactivates enzymes responsible for its degradation. Stabilized rice bran is free from rancidity, off flavors, and bitter and soupy taste, and is suitable for further use and processing. Rice bran had gained significant attention after adequate progress in its stabilization techniques Bran, 10% of the weight of rough rice, is rich in oil (15- 22 %), depending on the milling procedure and the rice variety. Most crude oils and fats, whether obtained by pressing, solvent extraction or rendering are given a preliminary cleaning and clarification treatment by setting, screening, filtration or centrifugation to make them more resistant against deterioration during storage. When required for edible purposes they are nearly always given a further refining treatment, when intended for technical non edible purposes they also frequently need some treatment to remove impurities, degradation products or undesirable constituents which would interface with their use. Rice bran crude oils obtained by solvent extraction are given a preliminary cleaning and clarification treatment by allowing the crude oil to settle followed by screening, filtration or centrifugation to make them more resistant against deterioration during storage. Special characteristics of rice bran oil are the very marked resistance to oxidative rancidity. The stabilities of the refined, bleached and deodorized rice bran oil and the hydrogenated products are approximately twice those of comparable, commercially acceptable vegetable fat. USES AND APPLICATION Rice Bran Oil is a healthy oil with uses in cooking, frying, as a salad dressing, baking, soap making, as even a supplement to horses, dogs and other animals. Thus, Rice bran oil can be used as vegetable oil in the domestic purposes for consumer use. It can be used for hydrogenation purpose. It can be used for the extraction of fatty acids and glycerol from it.It is also use to treat nerve imbalance. The use of Rice bran oil not more than half a litre in a months is sufficient for good health. MARKET SURVEY Indian edible oil industry is composed of some 15,000 oil mills, 600 solvent extraction units, 250 vanaspati units and over 600 refining units. These employ over a million people.With around 8% of world oilseeds production, over 7% of global protein meal production, around 4% of world oil meal export, total oilseeds production of 23 mn tonne and 5.6 mn tonne of edible oil production, India is the fourth largest edible oil economy in the world valued at USD 16.5 bn (Rs 660 bn). India has a share of nearly 6% of global vegetable oil production, nearly 11% of global vegetable oil imports and 9% of global edible oil consumption. And yet over 40% of the edible oil availability in the market is sourced from imports. The edible oil segment is currently undergoing a metamorphosis as a result of spiralling prices of soft oils - sunflower and soyabean. Premium branded vegetable oil makers are expanding their product portfolio to include less-upmarket oils from cottonseed, groundnut or even palmolein in consumer packs. India has a potential to produce about 1.50 mn tonne of rice bran oil. Of this potential, only half or 750,000 tonne, is produced. Some 200,000 tonne of oil is being used as refined rice bran oil for cooking. The rest is used in vanaspati. There are some 30 plants refining crude rice bran oil. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS Agrawal Oil Extractions Ltd. Globus Industries & Services Ltd. J R Foods Ltd. Kedia Overseas Ltd. Morinda Overseas Inds. Ltd. Rajaram Solvex Ltd. S K M Animal Feeds & Foods (India) Ltd. Shanti Kunj Solvent Ltd. Sree Tulasi Solvent Extractions Ltd. Sri Murugarajendra Oil Industry Ltd. Thapar Agro Mills Ltd.
Plant capacity: 80 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 962 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 2113 Lakhs
Return: 27.62%Break even: 46.86%
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Dehydrated Onions have been produced in small quantities since the nineteenth century. Dehydrated onions were supplied to British naval expeditions in the mid-nineteenth century and dehydrated onions have been produced in sizable quantities during subsequent wars, primarily for consumption by armed forces, but also for civilian use. Since the quality of these products when dehydrated compared unfavorably with fresh vegetables or other types of processed onions, their usage declined rapidly after each war. However the processing techniques employed in the production of dehydrated onions have been improved greatly since World War II, particularly since the late nineteen fifties, and as a result the quality of dehydrated vegetables has much improved. At the same time the demands for convenience foods have been increasing and dehydrated onions have benefited accordingly. The main advantages of dehydrated onions are that they are easy to store, being lighter in weight and smaller in bulk than fresh or other processed onions. They are cheap to pack compared with canned goods. They do not require refrigerated storage as do frozen onions and the contents of a container can be used some time after opening provided they are not dehydrated. The newest dehydration process appears to be a variation on the air-drying process and is based on the principle of vapor pressure differentials, using air circulated around the onions at relatively low temperatures to `sweat' the water from the food. It is reported that this method of dehydration prevents a crust forming on the outside of the pieces of food and that the low temperatures have less effect on flavour, texture, colour and vitamin contents of onion then, of the higher temperatures used in conventional hot air-drying methods. When establishing a dehydration industry, considerable thought should be given to the procurement of fresh onions for dehydration. In most countries onions for dehydration are grown almost exclusively on contract to the processors. The contracts are made up of a year in advance and cover such aspects as acreage, planting periods, varieties of onions, field inspection, and stage of maturity for harvesting, delivery dates, grading and prices. To operate a dehydration plant efficiently, a constant supply of onions is required and this involves considerable organization. Buying supplies of fresh onion from the market is rarely practicable since varieties grown for the fresh market may be un suitable for processing and continuity of supply cannot be assured. It is usually found that specialization in processing one or two types is more profitable then production of wide range of dehydrated onions. Ideally a dehydration factory should handle only one type of onion over long periods, so as to avoid the necessity of cleaning down all the machinery and altering the grading and cutting settings etc. when changing from one variety to another. USES & APPLICATION Dehydrated onions are used chiefly as a constituent in various food products i.e. they are sold to manufacturing concerns as an industrial raw material and demand for dehydrated onions is a function of the demand of these food products. However there is a demand for dehydrated onions for use as curlinary onions, both by large catering concerns - institutions and industrial canteens; and for domestic use. The other use of dehydrated onions is in the manufacture of dried soups-once virtually the sole outlet for these products, but now declining in relative importance, as other applications including use in canned soups and stews, baby foods, fish, meat and bakery products and more recently in dried `ready-meals' have been developed. So far as possible both merchants and users were consulted in due course. Since there are relatively few dried soup manufacturers, it was possible to contact a majority of the users in this class. Retail outlets obtain supplies largely from food manufacturers. The different market sectors account for varying proportions of demand for dehydrated onions. Dehydrated onion slices and pieces are sold to all four market sectors. Pizza and other fast food, snack foods, food service packs, stuffing mixes, pickled products, meat products, sea food products, gravies, canned foods, salad dressing, dips, bottle packs, pet food, rice mixes, soups, potato salad, seasoning, wet and dry salsa, specialty foods, curry powder, bakery topping, gourmet sauces, seasoning and in many other snacks or as ingredients. MARKET SURVEY Onion is an important vegetable crop grown in India and forms a part of daily diet in almost all households throughout the year. India is the second largest producer of onion in the world 7 onion is one of the most important but perishable groups known. It is also used for medical purpose. But due to non-availability of appropriate post-harvest storage facilities, 20-25% of the total produced onions are wasted, which in terms of value amounts to crores of rupees. Unprocessed foods are susceptible to spoilage by biochemical processes, microbial attack and infestation. The right post harvest practices such as good processing techniques, and proper packaging, transportation and storage (of even processed foods) can play a significant role in reducing spoilage and extending shelf life. The industry consists of segments like processed fruits and vegetables, cereal based products, dairy products, meat, poultry and fishery products, beverages and confectionary. The global processed food market is estimated at $3.2 trillion. The Indian food market is estimated at $182 billion. Food processing industry in India is growing at 14% annum. The total food production in India is likely to double in the next ten years and there is an opportunity for large investments in food and food processing technologies.The Indian government has formulated Vision 2015, to triple the size of the food processing industry, from the current $ 70 b to around $ 210 b, enhancing her global share to 3%, increasing value addition to 35%, from the current 20% and raising the level of processing of perishables to 20%. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS Accelerated Freeze Drying Co. Ltd. Canning Industries Cochin Ltd. Chordia Food Products Ltd. Darlco Cannings Ltd. Farm Enterprises Ltd. Finns Frozen Foods (India) Ltd. Flex Foods Ltd. Indo-French Biotech Enterprises Ltd. Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd. Kartikeya Agro Products Ltd. Kissan Products Ltd. [Erstwhile] L M P Gujarat Agro Exports Ltd. Maharashtra Agro-Inds. Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Orient Vegetexpo Ltd. S Y P Agro Foods Ltd. Saachin Floritech Ltd. Saraf Foods Ltd. Suvarna Florex Ltd.
Plant capacity: 6 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs.224 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 536 Lakhs
Return: 44.89%Break even: 40.20%
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SANITARY PADS/NAPKINS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The Sanitary napkin industry is closely connected with the mode of life, which is in turn directly correlated to housing. Accordingly this industry has always grown by keeping space with improvement in living and it is new indispensable for sanitary in modern housing. In India, the technology for sanitary napkins available by processing of raw cotton spinning and weaving of napkins. On small scale, the processed cotton is purchased which is spinned and woven. Sanitary napkin is a product used by women during the menstrual period to treat menstruation. It is one of the daily necessities for women. Most napkins will prevent leakage. Kotex were first manufactured as bandages during World War I. Kotex are a product of the Kimberly-Clark company. In 1914 this (then) conservative supplier of paper developed absorbent wadding from processed wood and dubbed it Cellucotton. Five times as absorbent as cotton and costing only half as much, Cellucotton was used to bandage wounds in World War I. (Kimberly-Clark agreed to provide it to the War Department at cost, refusing the chance to make a healthy profit.) After the war, Kimberly-Clark faced the question of what to do with Cellucotton. The company hit upon the notion of marketing disposable sanitary napkins. Prior to this invention, women used and reused cloth rags – this was indeed groundbreaking stuff. The resulting product was first marketed as Cellunap, a contraction of "Cellucotton napkins." Immediately upon hire, Kimberly-Clark's first marketing agency (Charles F.W. Nichols Company) suggested changing the name to Kotex, short for "cotton textile". Previously, in Japan, absorbent cotton was used for the purpose. But the use of absorbent cotton limited bodily movement considerably. Because of intensive improvement and progress of sanitary goods after World War II, sanitary napkin is replaced absorbent cotton in many countries today since it is clean & it can be carried easily, and since it is thrown away after once used. Generally absorption paper, waterproof paper crushed pulp, and non-woven cloth or rayon paper is used as raw material. Sanitary Napkin for Ladies monthly uses well done enterprises can provide not only the standard type sanitary napkin machine but also the specified machinery for producing any type sanitary napkin according to the requirement & specifications. Extending to the abilities of own engineering, the machinery for producing maternity pad, adult's pad is also available. 75% 0f women experience itching and pain during their menstrual period which is mostly caused by the use of to sanitary Pads that are not air permeable, so they cannot reduce moisture. Sanitary pads can also harbor bacteria as they are not sterilized products. A woman will use an average of 10000 pieces of sanitary napkins within 30 to 40 years in her entire lifetime. Having a trusted brand of sanitary napkins has become paramount for every modern woman. Not only must the sanitary napkin provide comfort and safety, but also enhance every woman's health and lifestyle. Here in this report, details of well-done napkin making plant is given. However, the composition of sanitary napkin & a typical layout for crushed-pulp Type Napkin Making Plant is also described. USES & APPLICATIONS Sanitary Napkins are exclusively used by adult girls & Ladies around the world during their menstrual periods as a means of maintaining physical aid & to avoid wetting or staining of the clothes. Sanitary Napkin is not reasonable & it is to be thrown away only, when it is saturated with wet liquids. Its use is much popular amongst the educated class of adult girls & ladies. MARKET SURVEY The Industry in India is of recent origin. The first unit is to manufacture viscous napkin filament yarn. Sanitary napkins have an important place in women's history and in the history of technology. 19th Century research into disposable sanitary napkins marked the humble beginnings of a new era of gynecological sanitary. Disposable Sanitary Napkins appeared in Germany as early as the 1880s but were unavailable to American women because of the Comstock Laws. Women protection during their “critical” days is not a problem in a modern world. Great variety of different types of sanitary facilities is provided on the market. Sanitary facilities obviously don’t cause any significant environmental impact during use, but they do during production as well as final waste utilization stages. If somebody would like to make choice among them relying not only on prices and personal preferences but also on environmental friendliness of the product, life cycle assessment should be the main instrument designed to assess product’s environmental impact and compare different types of sanitary facilities referring to this assessment. Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever), Johnson & Johnson and Procter & Gamble have been the lead players in sanitary napkins market. The Unilever-Kimberly Clark joint venture had earlier entered the Indian market with its brand, Kotex, in competition with the market leader, Whisper of Proctor & Gamble. Until 1993, belted sanitary napkins were the largest segment. In that segment, Johnson & Johnson's Carefree con-trolled about half the market. Along with its beltless brand, Stayfree, its share could be estimated at around 75%. Beltless napkins now have catapulted to a share of over 70% of the market. Johnson's overall market share is down to 46% and P&G has gained a penetration of 43%. Kimberly Clark had launched upgraded Whisper with Wings brand, priced only 5% higher than the regular Whisper brand. After the launch of Whisper Extra Dry from Procter & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson came in with Stayfree Spirit. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS Carewell Hygiene Products Ltd. Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. Gufic Biosciences Ltd. Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Johnson & Johnson Ltd. Kimberly Clark Lever Pvt. Ltd. Procter & Gamble Hygiene & Health Care Ltd.
Plant capacity: 576000 Pcs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 134 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1624 Lakhs
Return: 35.41%Break even: 34.73%
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Bread Plant - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Modern days are changing in every movement with the advance of scientific discovery. Due to the scarcity of time now human being changes their food habits. Nobody can pay much time for their preparation of food; everybody wants to get ready made fresh food, such that one can save time. Consequently, for the need of the modern age, different kind of instant and readymade foods are developed like instant tea, instant coffee, instant milk, instant rice etc. On the above point of view bakery products are cheaper and are accepted largely as readymade food. Now in the advancement of age, use of bakery foods will gradually increase and utilization of it will be proportional to increased population. Bread is most consumable wheat-based bakery product. It contains high nutritive value. They are easy to digest and compact in size, therefore, its consumption is increasing day by day. Indian bakery industry is spreaded over all small scale; large scale and house hold sectors. First bakery in India was set up in 19th century. At present there are 21 units in organized sector and many more in small scale, cottage and house hold sectors. Breads are manufactured from flour, sugar, salt shortening (one type of fat), dried bakery yeast, vegetables, fruits etc. Bread is manufactured through fermentation and baking process. The manufacturing process and techniques are so simple that they can easily be adopted for production at any level. Uses & Applications Bakery products in India are now in common use and are no more exclusive to a few households or classes of performs. Even then, unlike advanced countries where breads are considered basic essentials of a household budget, in India the element of capacity to pay continues to play a significant role . The outlay on bread, thus shares the character of discretionary expenditure rather than expenditure on basic is applicable. This necessity more in the case of biscuits than in the case of other bakery product. Variants of breads such as rusks have also found much acceptable among relatively poor households and workmen but other bakery products such as cakes, pastries, etc. specifically remain as the items of class consumption . Much attempt is being made to popularize bakery products among all because these products are considered easy, convenient and rather inexpensive means of taking food in hygienically prepared ready to eat form. A particular role in this direction is being played by use of both bread and biscuits as means of nutrition supplementation for large number of children, and locating and nursing mothers who are covered by various feeding programs run by number of social welfare agencies operating both at the state and the central level. It is hoped that with further modernization, with influence of urban consumption pattern, spread of industry and commerce and general change in eating habits shall gradually improve the share of rural consumption in the total market for bakery products. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Bonn Nutrients Pvt. Ltd. Britannia Industries Ltd. Candico (I) Ltd. Daily Bread Gourmet Foods (India) Pvt. Ltd. Modern Food Inds. (India) Ltd. Nimbus Foods Inds. Ltd. Saturday Club Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15 Lakh PKTS/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 69 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 158 Lakhs
Return: 39.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Particle Board from Rice Husk - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Construction industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in India. Rapid construction activity and growing demand of houses has lead to the short fall of traditional building materials. Bricks, Cement, sand, and wood are now becoming scares materials. Demand of good quality of building materials to replace the traditional materials and the need for cost effective and durable materials for the low cost housing has necessitated the researchers to develop variety of new and innovative building materials. Construction materials of special requirements for the houses in different geographical region to overcome the risk of natural hazard and for protection from sever climatic conditions has also emphasised the need for development of lightweight, insulating, cost effective, durable and environment friendly building materials. Agricultural waste or residue is made up of organic compounds from organic sources such as rice straw, oil palm empty fruit bunch, sugar cane bagasse, coconut shell, and others. Rice husk from paddy (Oryza sativa) is one example of alternative material that can be potentially used for making particle board. Rice husk is unusually high in ash, which is 92 to 95% silica, highly porous and lightweight, with a very high external surface area. Its absorbent and insulating properties are useful to many industrial applications, such as acting as a strengthening agent in building materials. Rice husks are processed into rectangular shaped particle boards. Particle board is as the name suggests a board made of particles of wood obtained mechanically without destroying the inherent character of wood. This new industry initially was started primarily with a view to utilize wood waste. Wood that was left in the forest being unsuitable for lumber industry and wood that was thrown away as waste in various wood industries, (e.g. sawmills, furniture making plywood Industries) could be utilized in making particle board. It may be mentioned here that fiber board also utilizes the same wood waste; the wood is converted into pulp and pressed the bond being obtained mainly from the natural lignin present in wood. In case of particle board, the bond is obtained by using an organic binder-synthetic resin adhesive. The accepted definition of particle board is A sheet material manufactured from small pieces of wood on other lignocelluloses materials, (e.g. chips, flakes, splinters, strands, shives, etc.) agglomerated by use of an organic binder together with one or more of the following agents heat, pressure, moisture a catalyst etc. Uses & Applications The property of this board can be controlled. It has got better acoustic properties and hence better sound absorption. It does not support combustion, thus it is safe to use as it is fine safety measure. It is insect and termite resistant. It is water resistant. It is more economical. It is used in furniture making where cost economy is the main factor. It is used both for movable and built in furniture. It is used in construction industry in making doors, flooring, floor underlayment, ceiling, roof underlayment, walls partition, concrete frame-work and transport industry. Market Survey The large producers account for 15% of the total production, producing some 38 mn sq. m of plywood and block boards. The ecological considerations had, however, placed the industry in jeopardy owing primarily to the restraints put on the use of timber. Alternate materials from agricultural wastes like stalks of cotton and wheat, rice husk and bagasse are slowly getting into the industry as raw material feeds. Kitply Industries, Sarda Plywood, Century Plywood, Novapan, National Plywood, Green-ply and Jayshree Tea remain the main players in the organized sector of plywoods and particle boards, which has some 60 units. There are several SSI units and other informal sector units contributing around 60% of the total production. The Indian market for particle board and plywood is estimated in value terms, at over Rs 37 bn. Of the total market, particle board including medium density fiber board (MDF board) accounts for nearly a quarter of the market. Nearly 85% of the particle board is supplied by the organized sector. Western India has emerged as the leader in the particle board segment. Shirdi Industries (SIL) was setting up a plant for the manufacture of MDF and particle board. The project, which will be India's first and only integrated plant providing complete interior solutions, was being set up at Uttarakhand. It was mainly because of the state government granting the company a status, entitling the company to excise duty, income tax and sales tax exemption besides investment subsidy. The company is also producing pre-laminated board, decorative laminates, floorings, panel door and furniture components from the facility. Few Major Players are as under:- Archidply Industries Ltd. Bajaj Eco-Tec Products Ltd. Bajaj Hindustan Ltd. Ecoboard Industries Ltd. Feroke Boards Ltd. Genus Paper Products Ltd. Kitply Industries Ltd. Novopan Industries Ltd. Nuboard Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Rushil Decor Ltd. Shapoorji Pallonji & Co. Ltd. Shirdi Industries Ltd. Western India Plywoods Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15 Lakh Nos. /annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 152 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 426 Lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Integrated Unit Textile Mill and Readymade Garments - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Cost of Project

A textile or cloth is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibers of wool, flax, cotton, or other material to produce long strands. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or pressing fibers together (felt). The words fabric and cloth are used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. Textile refers to any material made of interlacing fibers. Fabric refers to any material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments, etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but often refers to a finished piece of fabric used for a specific purpose (e.g., table cloth). Uses Textiles have an assortment of uses, the most common of which are for clothing and containers such as bags and baskets. In the household, they are used in carpeting, upholstered furnishings, window shades, towels, covering for tables, beds, and other flat surfaces, and in art. In the workplace, they are used in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering. Miscellaneous uses include flags, backpacks, tents, nets, handkerchiefs, cleaning rags, transportation devices such as balloons, kites, sails, and parachutes, in addition to strengthening in composite materials such as fiberglass and industrial geo-textiles. Children can learn using textiles to make collages, sew, quilt, and toys. Textiles used for industrial purposes, and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance, are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.g. implants), geo-textiles (reinforcement of embankments), agro textiles (textiles for crop protection), protective clothing (e.g. against heat and radiation for fire fighter clothing, against molten metals for welders, stab protection, and bullet proof vests). Market Survey Cotton Textiles & Readymade Garments The textile industry occupies a leading position in the hierarchy of the Indian manufacturing industry. It was estimated to contribute 14% to industrial output, 4% to GDP and about 11% to India's export earnings. Besides, it provides direct employment to over 35 mn people and is the second biggest employer. Its direct linkages with the rural economy, being dependent on fibre crops, is also closely linked with diverse crafts, such as those using cotton, wood and silk and handlooms employing millions of farmers and craftsmen in rural and semi-urban areas. In the global context, the industry accounts for 61% of loomage, 22% of spindle age, 12% of the production of textile fibres and yarn, and 25% share in the total world trade of cotton yarn. The industry is made up of small-scale, non-integrated spinning, weaving, finishing and apparel-making units as well integrated composite mills. Of the nearly 2700 units engaged in spinning yarns, 1135 are small scale. The weaving units numbering 4.8 mn have only 10,000 units in the organized sector, while the rest are engaged in handlooms (3.9 mn) and power looms (1.8 mn). Of the 3,300 processing units, nearly 2,100 are independent small units, while the fabricators of garments number 77,000 small scale units. The cumulative production of cotton fabrics from all sectors has increased from 19.8 bn sq mt in 2001-02 to over 28.5 bn sq mt. in 2007-08. This point to a healthy 6.4% annual growth during the period. In the three year period, coinciding with removal of quotas and the liberalisation of export trade, the increase has been more marked at close to 11.5% per annum. Compared with the industry in other countries the Indian textile industry is endowed with some inherent advantages, such as abundance of raw material and cheap labour. As a result, India is the second largest cotton trader after the USA, having the largest area (9 mn hectare) under it. The government has set a target to attract more than USD 8 bn (Rs 400 bn) foreign direct investment (FDI) in textiles and garments sector over the next 5 year period. It has targeted Europe, the US, and China as potential investors. It will attract leading equity funds and foreign banks to invest in the domestic textile sector. It will also attract foreign designer houses and garment manufacturers, under its plan. For setting up textile units through public-private partnership, a scheme for Integrated Textile Park (SITP) has been launched to provide world class infrastructure facilities. Besides this, 50 textile parks are being established to enhance manufacturing capacity and increase the industry's cost competitiveness. The Government of Bihar has announced its plans to establish two textile parks in the state. The first one, Vikramshila Textile Park, is being set at a cost of Rs 1.2 bn and the second one, Angh Pradesh Handloom Park, at a cost of Rs 250 mn. The two together are expected to attract investments of over Rs 6 bn. The readymade garment industry in India owes its genesis to the emergence of a highly profitable market for exports. The cue was enough for Indian enterprises to foray into the domestic market for readymade garments. The export surpluses and rejects fuelled the emergence of a domestic market. This steadily led to the entry of foreign brands, either through their direct entry or through joint ventures. This was facilitated by the changes in the lifestyles of the modern Indian consumers. With the rising tailoring costs and relatively low prices of standardised products, the Indian consumer increasingly took to ready-mades. In the past, the readymade market remained confined mainly to baby dresses and small manila-shirts and dress shirts. Now it has extended to trousers, suits, lady dresses and, of course, fashion garments for men and women. Franchised boutiques have been established as tools for brand and image building. The Indian clothing market for readymade garments is estimated at over Rs 1000 bn with men's wear segment accounting for 46%, while the shares of women's and kids' clothing are pegged at 36% and 17%, respectively. The Indian branded garment market, which is estimated at over Rs 200 bn, accounts for over 26% of readymade market. Following the entry of several new brands, the branded segment has grown at 25% annually. This represents a shift from unbranded to the branded segment. Few Major Players are as under:- A K C Synthetics Ltd. Akashganga Textiles Mills Ltd. Ankita Knit Wear Ltd. Bhaskar Industries Ltd. Bhungani Synthetics Pvt. Ltd. Exotica Exports (India) Ltd. Jai Bharat Synthetics Ltd. Kayel Syntex Ltd. Khator Fiber & Fabrics Ltd. Krishna Knitwear Technology Ltd. Mafatlal Fine Spg. & Mfg. Co. Ltd. Maruti Cottex Ltd. Minaxi Textiles Ltd. Om Shanti Satins Ltd. Palav Synthetics Pvt. Ltd. Shree Navdurga Cotton & Yarn Co. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 86 Lakhs pieces/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 382 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 929 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 69.00%
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Power Transformer

Power Transformers are used in Transmission network so they do not directly connect to the consumers. These are not loaded fully at all time so iron losses takes place 24hr a day and cu losses takes place based on load cycle. Average loads are about only 75% of full load and these are designed in such a way that max efficiency occurs at 75% of full load. These are independent of time so in calculating the efficiency only power basis is enough. Power transformers are used for transmission as a step up devices so that the I to R loss can be minimized for a given power flow. These transformers are designed to utilize the core to maximum and will operate very much near to the knee point of B-H curve (slightly above the knee point value). This brings down the mass of the core enormously. Naturally these transformers have the matched iron losses and copper losses at peak load (i.e. the maximum efficiency point where both the losses match). Bulk AC power transmission necessitates the use of high voltages. Progressively, the transmission voltages have risen to 400 kV AC in India. In India, system voltages up to 400 kV are well established and 800 kV AC transmission systems are being planned. This will require manufacturing of 800 kV transformers. Most of the major transformer manufacturers in India had collaborations with reputed international companies, such as Associated Electrical Industries (AEI,) U.K.; Alsthom, France; Hawker Siddely, U.K.; Hitachi, Japan and Siemens, Germany. Market Survey Electric equipment industry contributes over 2% of GDP which is projected to increase to about 12% in 2015 according to a study by Frost & Sullivan. During the period, consumption of electrical equipment is estimated to increase from over USD 28 bn now to USD 363 bn, growing at a CAGR of about 30%. It is also expected that during 2010-2015, the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at 5.5 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production. The electrical industry has been showing signs of recovery after poor performance in the recent years. The domestic electrical industry, which includes equipment for generation, transmission, distribution and use of power in industrial units, constitutes a major part of the electrical products. India's capacity to manufacture power equipment is set to increase four-fold to around 43,000 MW over the next 5 years, through investments of over Rs 300 bn. The additional capacity of 33,000 MW is expected to be added by 2015. With some fast moves at launching fast track projects to augment supplies, the Indian industry needs to improve its competitiveness. The Indian market is growing and multinationals with newer technologies are now more active. The industry, as a consequence, needs strategic alliances and tie-ups with technology suppliers to upgrade their supplies. The technology for the manufacture of transformers, for instance, is largely European. As a result, most players have the same level of technology. Even prices do not differ substantially. Lately, encouraging sign are emerging. The entry of private sector in the power area and the emergence of captive power plants have changed the scenario for the transformer segment. Earlier, the business revolved around power utilities such as the State Electricity Boards. As against this, the customers in the private sector prefer contracting out the entire substation to a single vendor, in the process thus reducing costs as well as avoiding problems of logistics. As more and more MNCs and specialized industries make India their business destination, special economic zones have been allocated and feeding mega projects of robust and efficient transformers, ensuring the optional generation of power. Transformers & Rectifiers India Ltd (TRIL) is a leading player in this industry. Recently TRIL signed a billion rupee MoU with the Government of Gujarat to set up a new plant at Moraiya with an installed capacity of 16,000 MVA. It will make TRIL the third largest transformer manufacturing company of India. Siemens is now setting up a state-of-the-art Greenfield world class facility for manufacturing industrial turbines at Vadodara, Gujarat. Siemens will be manufacturing industrial steam turbines of up to 45 MW capacities, completely with its components at the Vadodara unit. It will also manufacture key components for steam turbines of up to 150 MW capacities. The company is investing Rs 30 mn in its new facility. It has grown to a complex of 14 manufacturing units during its 50 years in India. Of the world's total installed capacity in power generation, 20% is based on the Siemens’ technology. In India, Siemens accounts for about 35% of the generation capacity. Even BHEL manufactures Siemens’ larger turbines under license agreement in India. It also upgraded the traction converter unit at Nasik and a 245 KV circuit breaker unit at Aurangabad. Wartsila India in talks with the Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) for setting up power generation plants. It plans to run the plants on bio-fuels such as Jatropha and palm oil. It will set up small generation plants of 2 to 3 MW at an investment of around Rs 100 mn to Rs 120 mn respectively. The company claims that the engines supplied by it can use raw bio-fuel without the need for esterification process (a chemical reaction in which two chemicals form an ester as the reaction product by which the oil pressed from Jatropha can be used to produce bio-fuel). Four major players in electrical equipment segment recorded high growth of turnover over the previous accounting years: ABB (44%), BHEL (29%), BHEL Power Solutions (144%), Havel’s India (55%), and Kirloskar Electric (43%) Crompton Greaves (32%) and Suzlon Energy (42%). The growth of bottom lines was equally impressive ranging from 12 to 55%. Few Major Players are as under:- Advance Powerinfra Tech Ltd. Ahluwalia Contracts (India) Ltd. Alfa Transformers Ltd. Alstom T & D Distribution Transformers Ltd. Alstom T & D India Ltd. Apex Electricals Ltd. Automatic Electric Ltd. Bharat Bijlee Ltd. Bombardier Transportation India Ltd. Crompton Greaves Ltd. D & H India Ltd. Diamond Power Transformers Ltd. E C E Industries Ltd. East India Udyog Ltd. Electra (India) Ltd. Electra (Jaipur) Ltd. Emco Ltd. General Electric Co. Of India Ltd. Genus Power Infrastructures Ltd. I M P Powers Ltd. Indian Transformers Co. Pvt. Ltd. Indo Tech Transformers Ltd. Kanjikode Apparel Exports Ltd. Kanohar Electricals Ltd. Karnataka Vidyuth Karkhane Ltd. Kirloskar Brothers Ltd. Kirloskar Electric Co. Ltd. Kryfs Power Components Ltd. M & B Switchgears Ltd. Marsons Ltd. Mukati Transformers Ltd. N G E F Ltd. Powergear Ltd. R T S Power Corp. Ltd. Rams Transformers Ltd. Raychem-R P G Pvt. Ltd. Rohini Industrial Electricals Ltd. S E Electricals Ltd. Schneider Electric Infrastructure Ltd. Shilchar Technologies Ltd. Star Delta Transformers Ltd. Star Transformers Pvt. Ltd. Statcon Power Controls Ltd. Sudhir Transformers Ltd. Suzlon Infrastructure Services Ltd. Toyama Electric Ltd. Transformers & Rectifiers (India) Ltd. Tyche Electronics Ltd. Usha (India) Ltd. V H E L Industries Ltd. Victory Electricals Ltd. Vijai Electricals Ltd. Voltamp Transformers Ltd.
Plant capacity: 900 Nos. /annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 305 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1024 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 52.00%
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