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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Ethiopia, East Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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SANITARY PADS/NAPKINS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The Sanitary napkin industry is closely connected with the mode of life, which is in turn directly correlated to housing. Accordingly this industry has always grown by keeping space with improvement in living and it is new indispensable for sanitary in modern housing. In India, the technology for sanitary napkins available by processing of raw cotton spinning and weaving of napkins. On small scale, the processed cotton is purchased which is spinned and woven. Sanitary napkin is a product used by women during the menstrual period to treat menstruation. It is one of the daily necessities for women. Most napkins will prevent leakage. Kotex were first manufactured as bandages during World War I. Kotex are a product of the Kimberly-Clark company. In 1914 this (then) conservative supplier of paper developed absorbent wadding from processed wood and dubbed it Cellucotton. Five times as absorbent as cotton and costing only half as much, Cellucotton was used to bandage wounds in World War I. (Kimberly-Clark agreed to provide it to the War Department at cost, refusing the chance to make a healthy profit.) After the war, Kimberly-Clark faced the question of what to do with Cellucotton. The company hit upon the notion of marketing disposable sanitary napkins. Prior to this invention, women used and reused cloth rags – this was indeed groundbreaking stuff. The resulting product was first marketed as Cellunap, a contraction of "Cellucotton napkins." Immediately upon hire, Kimberly-Clark's first marketing agency (Charles F.W. Nichols Company) suggested changing the name to Kotex, short for "cotton textile". Previously, in Japan, absorbent cotton was used for the purpose. But the use of absorbent cotton limited bodily movement considerably. Because of intensive improvement and progress of sanitary goods after World War II, sanitary napkin is replaced absorbent cotton in many countries today since it is clean & it can be carried easily, and since it is thrown away after once used. Generally absorption paper, waterproof paper crushed pulp, and non-woven cloth or rayon paper is used as raw material. Sanitary Napkin for Ladies monthly uses well done enterprises can provide not only the standard type sanitary napkin machine but also the specified machinery for producing any type sanitary napkin according to the requirement & specifications. Extending to the abilities of own engineering, the machinery for producing maternity pad, adult's pad is also available. 75% 0f women experience itching and pain during their menstrual period which is mostly caused by the use of to sanitary Pads that are not air permeable, so they cannot reduce moisture. Sanitary pads can also harbor bacteria as they are not sterilized products. A woman will use an average of 10000 pieces of sanitary napkins within 30 to 40 years in her entire lifetime. Having a trusted brand of sanitary napkins has become paramount for every modern woman. Not only must the sanitary napkin provide comfort and safety, but also enhance every woman's health and lifestyle. Here in this report, details of well-done napkin making plant is given. However, the composition of sanitary napkin & a typical layout for crushed-pulp Type Napkin Making Plant is also described. USES & APPLICATIONS Sanitary Napkins are exclusively used by adult girls & Ladies around the world during their menstrual periods as a means of maintaining physical aid & to avoid wetting or staining of the clothes. Sanitary Napkin is not reasonable & it is to be thrown away only, when it is saturated with wet liquids. Its use is much popular amongst the educated class of adult girls & ladies. MARKET SURVEY The Industry in India is of recent origin. The first unit is to manufacture viscous napkin filament yarn. Sanitary napkins have an important place in women's history and in the history of technology. 19th Century research into disposable sanitary napkins marked the humble beginnings of a new era of gynecological sanitary. Disposable Sanitary Napkins appeared in Germany as early as the 1880s but were unavailable to American women because of the Comstock Laws. Women protection during their “critical” days is not a problem in a modern world. Great variety of different types of sanitary facilities is provided on the market. Sanitary facilities obviously don’t cause any significant environmental impact during use, but they do during production as well as final waste utilization stages. If somebody would like to make choice among them relying not only on prices and personal preferences but also on environmental friendliness of the product, life cycle assessment should be the main instrument designed to assess product’s environmental impact and compare different types of sanitary facilities referring to this assessment. Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever), Johnson & Johnson and Procter & Gamble have been the lead players in sanitary napkins market. The Unilever-Kimberly Clark joint venture had earlier entered the Indian market with its brand, Kotex, in competition with the market leader, Whisper of Proctor & Gamble. Until 1993, belted sanitary napkins were the largest segment. In that segment, Johnson & Johnson's Carefree con-trolled about half the market. Along with its beltless brand, Stayfree, its share could be estimated at around 75%. Beltless napkins now have catapulted to a share of over 70% of the market. Johnson's overall market share is down to 46% and P&G has gained a penetration of 43%. Kimberly Clark had launched upgraded Whisper with Wings brand, priced only 5% higher than the regular Whisper brand. After the launch of Whisper Extra Dry from Procter & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson came in with Stayfree Spirit. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS Carewell Hygiene Products Ltd. Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. Gufic Biosciences Ltd. Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Johnson & Johnson Ltd. Kimberly Clark Lever Pvt. Ltd. Procter & Gamble Hygiene & Health Care Ltd.
Plant capacity: 576000 Pcs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 134 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1624 Lakhs
Return: 35.41%Break even: 34.73%
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Bread Plant - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Modern days are changing in every movement with the advance of scientific discovery. Due to the scarcity of time now human being changes their food habits. Nobody can pay much time for their preparation of food; everybody wants to get ready made fresh food, such that one can save time. Consequently, for the need of the modern age, different kind of instant and readymade foods are developed like instant tea, instant coffee, instant milk, instant rice etc. On the above point of view bakery products are cheaper and are accepted largely as readymade food. Now in the advancement of age, use of bakery foods will gradually increase and utilization of it will be proportional to increased population. Bread is most consumable wheat-based bakery product. It contains high nutritive value. They are easy to digest and compact in size, therefore, its consumption is increasing day by day. Indian bakery industry is spreaded over all small scale; large scale and house hold sectors. First bakery in India was set up in 19th century. At present there are 21 units in organized sector and many more in small scale, cottage and house hold sectors. Breads are manufactured from flour, sugar, salt shortening (one type of fat), dried bakery yeast, vegetables, fruits etc. Bread is manufactured through fermentation and baking process. The manufacturing process and techniques are so simple that they can easily be adopted for production at any level. Uses & Applications Bakery products in India are now in common use and are no more exclusive to a few households or classes of performs. Even then, unlike advanced countries where breads are considered basic essentials of a household budget, in India the element of capacity to pay continues to play a significant role . The outlay on bread, thus shares the character of discretionary expenditure rather than expenditure on basic is applicable. This necessity more in the case of biscuits than in the case of other bakery product. Variants of breads such as rusks have also found much acceptable among relatively poor households and workmen but other bakery products such as cakes, pastries, etc. specifically remain as the items of class consumption . Much attempt is being made to popularize bakery products among all because these products are considered easy, convenient and rather inexpensive means of taking food in hygienically prepared ready to eat form. A particular role in this direction is being played by use of both bread and biscuits as means of nutrition supplementation for large number of children, and locating and nursing mothers who are covered by various feeding programs run by number of social welfare agencies operating both at the state and the central level. It is hoped that with further modernization, with influence of urban consumption pattern, spread of industry and commerce and general change in eating habits shall gradually improve the share of rural consumption in the total market for bakery products. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Bonn Nutrients Pvt. Ltd. Britannia Industries Ltd. Candico (I) Ltd. Daily Bread Gourmet Foods (India) Pvt. Ltd. Modern Food Inds. (India) Ltd. Nimbus Foods Inds. Ltd. Saturday Club Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15 Lakh PKTS/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 69 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 158 Lakhs
Return: 39.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Particle Board from Rice Husk - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Construction industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in India. Rapid construction activity and growing demand of houses has lead to the short fall of traditional building materials. Bricks, Cement, sand, and wood are now becoming scares materials. Demand of good quality of building materials to replace the traditional materials and the need for cost effective and durable materials for the low cost housing has necessitated the researchers to develop variety of new and innovative building materials. Construction materials of special requirements for the houses in different geographical region to overcome the risk of natural hazard and for protection from sever climatic conditions has also emphasised the need for development of lightweight, insulating, cost effective, durable and environment friendly building materials. Agricultural waste or residue is made up of organic compounds from organic sources such as rice straw, oil palm empty fruit bunch, sugar cane bagasse, coconut shell, and others. Rice husk from paddy (Oryza sativa) is one example of alternative material that can be potentially used for making particle board. Rice husk is unusually high in ash, which is 92 to 95% silica, highly porous and lightweight, with a very high external surface area. Its absorbent and insulating properties are useful to many industrial applications, such as acting as a strengthening agent in building materials. Rice husks are processed into rectangular shaped particle boards. Particle board is as the name suggests a board made of particles of wood obtained mechanically without destroying the inherent character of wood. This new industry initially was started primarily with a view to utilize wood waste. Wood that was left in the forest being unsuitable for lumber industry and wood that was thrown away as waste in various wood industries, (e.g. sawmills, furniture making plywood Industries) could be utilized in making particle board. It may be mentioned here that fiber board also utilizes the same wood waste; the wood is converted into pulp and pressed the bond being obtained mainly from the natural lignin present in wood. In case of particle board, the bond is obtained by using an organic binder-synthetic resin adhesive. The accepted definition of particle board is A sheet material manufactured from small pieces of wood on other lignocelluloses materials, (e.g. chips, flakes, splinters, strands, shives, etc.) agglomerated by use of an organic binder together with one or more of the following agents heat, pressure, moisture a catalyst etc. Uses & Applications The property of this board can be controlled. It has got better acoustic properties and hence better sound absorption. It does not support combustion, thus it is safe to use as it is fine safety measure. It is insect and termite resistant. It is water resistant. It is more economical. It is used in furniture making where cost economy is the main factor. It is used both for movable and built in furniture. It is used in construction industry in making doors, flooring, floor underlayment, ceiling, roof underlayment, walls partition, concrete frame-work and transport industry. Market Survey The large producers account for 15% of the total production, producing some 38 mn sq. m of plywood and block boards. The ecological considerations had, however, placed the industry in jeopardy owing primarily to the restraints put on the use of timber. Alternate materials from agricultural wastes like stalks of cotton and wheat, rice husk and bagasse are slowly getting into the industry as raw material feeds. Kitply Industries, Sarda Plywood, Century Plywood, Novapan, National Plywood, Green-ply and Jayshree Tea remain the main players in the organized sector of plywoods and particle boards, which has some 60 units. There are several SSI units and other informal sector units contributing around 60% of the total production. The Indian market for particle board and plywood is estimated in value terms, at over Rs 37 bn. Of the total market, particle board including medium density fiber board (MDF board) accounts for nearly a quarter of the market. Nearly 85% of the particle board is supplied by the organized sector. Western India has emerged as the leader in the particle board segment. Shirdi Industries (SIL) was setting up a plant for the manufacture of MDF and particle board. The project, which will be India's first and only integrated plant providing complete interior solutions, was being set up at Uttarakhand. It was mainly because of the state government granting the company a status, entitling the company to excise duty, income tax and sales tax exemption besides investment subsidy. The company is also producing pre-laminated board, decorative laminates, floorings, panel door and furniture components from the facility. Few Major Players are as under:- Archidply Industries Ltd. Bajaj Eco-Tec Products Ltd. Bajaj Hindustan Ltd. Ecoboard Industries Ltd. Feroke Boards Ltd. Genus Paper Products Ltd. Kitply Industries Ltd. Novopan Industries Ltd. Nuboard Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Rushil Decor Ltd. Shapoorji Pallonji & Co. Ltd. Shirdi Industries Ltd. Western India Plywoods Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15 Lakh Nos. /annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 152 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 426 Lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Integrated Unit Textile Mill and Readymade Garments - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Cost of Project

A textile or cloth is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibers of wool, flax, cotton, or other material to produce long strands. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or pressing fibers together (felt). The words fabric and cloth are used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. Textile refers to any material made of interlacing fibers. Fabric refers to any material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments, etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but often refers to a finished piece of fabric used for a specific purpose (e.g., table cloth). Uses Textiles have an assortment of uses, the most common of which are for clothing and containers such as bags and baskets. In the household, they are used in carpeting, upholstered furnishings, window shades, towels, covering for tables, beds, and other flat surfaces, and in art. In the workplace, they are used in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering. Miscellaneous uses include flags, backpacks, tents, nets, handkerchiefs, cleaning rags, transportation devices such as balloons, kites, sails, and parachutes, in addition to strengthening in composite materials such as fiberglass and industrial geo-textiles. Children can learn using textiles to make collages, sew, quilt, and toys. Textiles used for industrial purposes, and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance, are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.g. implants), geo-textiles (reinforcement of embankments), agro textiles (textiles for crop protection), protective clothing (e.g. against heat and radiation for fire fighter clothing, against molten metals for welders, stab protection, and bullet proof vests). Market Survey Cotton Textiles & Readymade Garments The textile industry occupies a leading position in the hierarchy of the Indian manufacturing industry. It was estimated to contribute 14% to industrial output, 4% to GDP and about 11% to India's export earnings. Besides, it provides direct employment to over 35 mn people and is the second biggest employer. Its direct linkages with the rural economy, being dependent on fibre crops, is also closely linked with diverse crafts, such as those using cotton, wood and silk and handlooms employing millions of farmers and craftsmen in rural and semi-urban areas. In the global context, the industry accounts for 61% of loomage, 22% of spindle age, 12% of the production of textile fibres and yarn, and 25% share in the total world trade of cotton yarn. The industry is made up of small-scale, non-integrated spinning, weaving, finishing and apparel-making units as well integrated composite mills. Of the nearly 2700 units engaged in spinning yarns, 1135 are small scale. The weaving units numbering 4.8 mn have only 10,000 units in the organized sector, while the rest are engaged in handlooms (3.9 mn) and power looms (1.8 mn). Of the 3,300 processing units, nearly 2,100 are independent small units, while the fabricators of garments number 77,000 small scale units. The cumulative production of cotton fabrics from all sectors has increased from 19.8 bn sq mt in 2001-02 to over 28.5 bn sq mt. in 2007-08. This point to a healthy 6.4% annual growth during the period. In the three year period, coinciding with removal of quotas and the liberalisation of export trade, the increase has been more marked at close to 11.5% per annum. Compared with the industry in other countries the Indian textile industry is endowed with some inherent advantages, such as abundance of raw material and cheap labour. As a result, India is the second largest cotton trader after the USA, having the largest area (9 mn hectare) under it. The government has set a target to attract more than USD 8 bn (Rs 400 bn) foreign direct investment (FDI) in textiles and garments sector over the next 5 year period. It has targeted Europe, the US, and China as potential investors. It will attract leading equity funds and foreign banks to invest in the domestic textile sector. It will also attract foreign designer houses and garment manufacturers, under its plan. For setting up textile units through public-private partnership, a scheme for Integrated Textile Park (SITP) has been launched to provide world class infrastructure facilities. Besides this, 50 textile parks are being established to enhance manufacturing capacity and increase the industry's cost competitiveness. The Government of Bihar has announced its plans to establish two textile parks in the state. The first one, Vikramshila Textile Park, is being set at a cost of Rs 1.2 bn and the second one, Angh Pradesh Handloom Park, at a cost of Rs 250 mn. The two together are expected to attract investments of over Rs 6 bn. The readymade garment industry in India owes its genesis to the emergence of a highly profitable market for exports. The cue was enough for Indian enterprises to foray into the domestic market for readymade garments. The export surpluses and rejects fuelled the emergence of a domestic market. This steadily led to the entry of foreign brands, either through their direct entry or through joint ventures. This was facilitated by the changes in the lifestyles of the modern Indian consumers. With the rising tailoring costs and relatively low prices of standardised products, the Indian consumer increasingly took to ready-mades. In the past, the readymade market remained confined mainly to baby dresses and small manila-shirts and dress shirts. Now it has extended to trousers, suits, lady dresses and, of course, fashion garments for men and women. Franchised boutiques have been established as tools for brand and image building. The Indian clothing market for readymade garments is estimated at over Rs 1000 bn with men's wear segment accounting for 46%, while the shares of women's and kids' clothing are pegged at 36% and 17%, respectively. The Indian branded garment market, which is estimated at over Rs 200 bn, accounts for over 26% of readymade market. Following the entry of several new brands, the branded segment has grown at 25% annually. This represents a shift from unbranded to the branded segment. Few Major Players are as under:- A K C Synthetics Ltd. Akashganga Textiles Mills Ltd. Ankita Knit Wear Ltd. Bhaskar Industries Ltd. Bhungani Synthetics Pvt. Ltd. Exotica Exports (India) Ltd. Jai Bharat Synthetics Ltd. Kayel Syntex Ltd. Khator Fiber & Fabrics Ltd. Krishna Knitwear Technology Ltd. Mafatlal Fine Spg. & Mfg. Co. Ltd. Maruti Cottex Ltd. Minaxi Textiles Ltd. Om Shanti Satins Ltd. Palav Synthetics Pvt. Ltd. Shree Navdurga Cotton & Yarn Co. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 86 Lakhs pieces/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 382 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 929 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 69.00%
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Power Transformer

Power Transformers are used in Transmission network so they do not directly connect to the consumers. These are not loaded fully at all time so iron losses takes place 24hr a day and cu losses takes place based on load cycle. Average loads are about only 75% of full load and these are designed in such a way that max efficiency occurs at 75% of full load. These are independent of time so in calculating the efficiency only power basis is enough. Power transformers are used for transmission as a step up devices so that the I to R loss can be minimized for a given power flow. These transformers are designed to utilize the core to maximum and will operate very much near to the knee point of B-H curve (slightly above the knee point value). This brings down the mass of the core enormously. Naturally these transformers have the matched iron losses and copper losses at peak load (i.e. the maximum efficiency point where both the losses match). Bulk AC power transmission necessitates the use of high voltages. Progressively, the transmission voltages have risen to 400 kV AC in India. In India, system voltages up to 400 kV are well established and 800 kV AC transmission systems are being planned. This will require manufacturing of 800 kV transformers. Most of the major transformer manufacturers in India had collaborations with reputed international companies, such as Associated Electrical Industries (AEI,) U.K.; Alsthom, France; Hawker Siddely, U.K.; Hitachi, Japan and Siemens, Germany. Market Survey Electric equipment industry contributes over 2% of GDP which is projected to increase to about 12% in 2015 according to a study by Frost & Sullivan. During the period, consumption of electrical equipment is estimated to increase from over USD 28 bn now to USD 363 bn, growing at a CAGR of about 30%. It is also expected that during 2010-2015, the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at 5.5 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production. The electrical industry has been showing signs of recovery after poor performance in the recent years. The domestic electrical industry, which includes equipment for generation, transmission, distribution and use of power in industrial units, constitutes a major part of the electrical products. India's capacity to manufacture power equipment is set to increase four-fold to around 43,000 MW over the next 5 years, through investments of over Rs 300 bn. The additional capacity of 33,000 MW is expected to be added by 2015. With some fast moves at launching fast track projects to augment supplies, the Indian industry needs to improve its competitiveness. The Indian market is growing and multinationals with newer technologies are now more active. The industry, as a consequence, needs strategic alliances and tie-ups with technology suppliers to upgrade their supplies. The technology for the manufacture of transformers, for instance, is largely European. As a result, most players have the same level of technology. Even prices do not differ substantially. Lately, encouraging sign are emerging. The entry of private sector in the power area and the emergence of captive power plants have changed the scenario for the transformer segment. Earlier, the business revolved around power utilities such as the State Electricity Boards. As against this, the customers in the private sector prefer contracting out the entire substation to a single vendor, in the process thus reducing costs as well as avoiding problems of logistics. As more and more MNCs and specialized industries make India their business destination, special economic zones have been allocated and feeding mega projects of robust and efficient transformers, ensuring the optional generation of power. Transformers & Rectifiers India Ltd (TRIL) is a leading player in this industry. Recently TRIL signed a billion rupee MoU with the Government of Gujarat to set up a new plant at Moraiya with an installed capacity of 16,000 MVA. It will make TRIL the third largest transformer manufacturing company of India. Siemens is now setting up a state-of-the-art Greenfield world class facility for manufacturing industrial turbines at Vadodara, Gujarat. Siemens will be manufacturing industrial steam turbines of up to 45 MW capacities, completely with its components at the Vadodara unit. It will also manufacture key components for steam turbines of up to 150 MW capacities. The company is investing Rs 30 mn in its new facility. It has grown to a complex of 14 manufacturing units during its 50 years in India. Of the world's total installed capacity in power generation, 20% is based on the Siemens’ technology. In India, Siemens accounts for about 35% of the generation capacity. Even BHEL manufactures Siemens’ larger turbines under license agreement in India. It also upgraded the traction converter unit at Nasik and a 245 KV circuit breaker unit at Aurangabad. Wartsila India in talks with the Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) for setting up power generation plants. It plans to run the plants on bio-fuels such as Jatropha and palm oil. It will set up small generation plants of 2 to 3 MW at an investment of around Rs 100 mn to Rs 120 mn respectively. The company claims that the engines supplied by it can use raw bio-fuel without the need for esterification process (a chemical reaction in which two chemicals form an ester as the reaction product by which the oil pressed from Jatropha can be used to produce bio-fuel). Four major players in electrical equipment segment recorded high growth of turnover over the previous accounting years: ABB (44%), BHEL (29%), BHEL Power Solutions (144%), Havel’s India (55%), and Kirloskar Electric (43%) Crompton Greaves (32%) and Suzlon Energy (42%). The growth of bottom lines was equally impressive ranging from 12 to 55%. Few Major Players are as under:- Advance Powerinfra Tech Ltd. Ahluwalia Contracts (India) Ltd. Alfa Transformers Ltd. Alstom T & D Distribution Transformers Ltd. Alstom T & D India Ltd. Apex Electricals Ltd. Automatic Electric Ltd. Bharat Bijlee Ltd. Bombardier Transportation India Ltd. Crompton Greaves Ltd. D & H India Ltd. Diamond Power Transformers Ltd. E C E Industries Ltd. East India Udyog Ltd. Electra (India) Ltd. Electra (Jaipur) Ltd. Emco Ltd. General Electric Co. Of India Ltd. Genus Power Infrastructures Ltd. I M P Powers Ltd. Indian Transformers Co. Pvt. Ltd. Indo Tech Transformers Ltd. Kanjikode Apparel Exports Ltd. Kanohar Electricals Ltd. Karnataka Vidyuth Karkhane Ltd. Kirloskar Brothers Ltd. Kirloskar Electric Co. Ltd. Kryfs Power Components Ltd. M & B Switchgears Ltd. Marsons Ltd. Mukati Transformers Ltd. N G E F Ltd. Powergear Ltd. R T S Power Corp. Ltd. Rams Transformers Ltd. Raychem-R P G Pvt. Ltd. Rohini Industrial Electricals Ltd. S E Electricals Ltd. Schneider Electric Infrastructure Ltd. Shilchar Technologies Ltd. Star Delta Transformers Ltd. Star Transformers Pvt. Ltd. Statcon Power Controls Ltd. Sudhir Transformers Ltd. Suzlon Infrastructure Services Ltd. Toyama Electric Ltd. Transformers & Rectifiers (India) Ltd. Tyche Electronics Ltd. Usha (India) Ltd. V H E L Industries Ltd. Victory Electricals Ltd. Vijai Electricals Ltd. Voltamp Transformers Ltd.
Plant capacity: 900 Nos. /annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 305 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1024 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Dehydrated Onions (100% E.O.U.)

Onion is one of the most important commercial vegetable crops grown in India. Both immature and mature bulbs are used as vegetable and condiment. It contains vitamin B and a trace of vitamin C and also traces of iron and calcium. The outstanding characteristic of onion is its pungency, which is due to a volatile oil known as allyl-propyl disulphide. Onions compared with other fresh vegetable are relatively high in food energy, intermediate in protein content and rich in calcium and riboflavin. Dehydrated Onions have been produced in small quantities since the nineteenth century. The main advantages of dehydrated onions are that they are easy to store, being lighter in weight and smaller in bulk than fresh or other processed onions. They are cheap to pack compared with canned goods. They do not require refrigerated storage as do frozen onions and the contents of a container can be used some time after opening provided they are not dehydrated. The newest dehydration process appears to be a variation on the air-drying process and is based on the principle of vapor pressure differentials, using air circulated around the onions at relatively low temperatures to `sweat' the water from the food. It is reported that this method of dehydration prevents a crust forming on the outside of the pieces of food and that the low temperatures have less effect on flavor, texture, color and vitamin contents of onion then, of the higher temperatures used in conventional hot air-drying methods. Uses & Applications Dehydrated onions are used chiefly as a constituent in various food products i.e. they are sold to manufacturing concerns as an industrial raw material and demand for dehydrated onions is a function of the demand of these food products. However there is a demand for dehydrated onions for use as curlinary onions, both by large catering concerns - institutions and industrial canteens; and for domestic use. The other use of dehydrated onions is in the manufacture of dried soups-once virtually the sole outlet for these products, but now declining in relative importance, as other applications including use in canned soups and stews, baby foods, fish, meat and bakery products and more recently in dried `ready-meals' have been developed. Most popular applications Pizza and other fast food, snack foods, food service packs, stuffing mixes, pickled products, meat products, sea food products, gravies, canned foods, salad dressing, dips, bottle packs, pet food, rice mixes, soups, potato salad, seasoning, wet and dry salsa, specialty foods, curry powder, bakery topping, gourmet sauces, seasoning and in many other snacks or as ingredients. ? Market Survey Onion is an important vegetable crop grown in India and forms a part of daily diet in almost all households throughout the year. India is the second largest producer of onion in the world. Onion is one of the most important but perishable groups known. It is also used for medical purpose. But due to non-availability of appropriate post-harvest storage facilities, 20-25% of the total produced onions are wasted, which in terms of value amounts to crores of rupees. The right post harvest practices such as good processing techniques, and proper packaging, transportation and storage (of even processed foods) can play a significant role in reducing spoilage and extending shelf life. The industry consists of segments like processed fruits and vegetables, cereal based products, dairy products, meat, poultry and fishery products, beverages and confectionary. The global processed food market is estimated at $3.2 trillion. The Indian food market is estimated at $182 billion. Food processing industry in India is growing at 14% annum. The total food production in India is likely to double in the next ten years and there is an opportunity for large investments in food and food processing technologies. Among various methods of preservation, dehydration of vegetables is one of the most popular and oldest methods. Dehydration increases the storage period of vegetables and make them available throughout the year and even in off-season, thus supplying the important nutrients in a concentrated form. Almost all dehydrated onion products like - kibbled, sliced, rings (half & full), large kibbled, minced (in various cut sizes), chopped, granulates and powder forms has good potential in food processing industries, defense, pharmaceutical industries, hotels and restaurants, caterers, etc. In India dehydration of many food products especially vegetables and some fruits are in practices at home and industry level throughout year. There are some nutritional loses but these products are useful in many food preparation, it is readily available for Whole year. India's food processing industry is expected to benefit from this and grow to around $260-billion from the present USD 200-billion in the next 6-years, according to industry expert. It is estimated that potential for processed foods is estimated to reach from Rs 8,200-billion to Rs13, 500-billion by 2014-15. India produces 41% of the world's mangoes, 30% of cauliflowers, 28 per cent of tea, 23% of cashews, 36 per cent of green peas and 10% of onions. The Indian food production is estimated at 500 million tonnes and food processing industry has immense potential. India is a large and growing market for food products as it is growing at about 1.6% annum. Non-availability of onion during off-season creates major problem in the market. Hence, if they are processed and stored during peak season and made available during this period, then they command premium. With growing incomes, changing lifestyles and hectic daily schedule, market for dehydrated onion is growing especially in urban areas. Dehydrated products are the largest export products for international markets & international clients who desire for quality products. These products are 100% export oriented to countries like UK, Canada, Germany and many more.
Plant capacity: 1000 MT/annumPlant & machinery: 66 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 275 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Disposable Plastic Syringes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

It is an instrument which is used for injecting any liquid into the body of human beings or of animals. These syringes are used for injecting the medicine into the body or into the nerve of the body which are not possible to take in through mouth or takes much time in mixing with blood. A syringe is a simple piston pump consisting of a plunger that fits tightly in a tube. The plunger can be pulled and pushed along inside a cylindrical tube (the barrel), allowing the syringe to take in and expel a liquid or gas through an orifice at the open end of the tube. The open end of the syringe may be fitted with a hypodermic needle, a nozzle, or tubing to help direct the flow into and out of the barrel. The constantly increasing use of Disposable Syringes made of plastic Material indicates its importance, which is based mainly on the advantages it offers regarding cost and hygienic applications. Due to their availability is sterilized condition, ready to use and cost effectiveness, disposable syringes are fast replacing the age-old glass syringes. Disposable syringes are mostly injection moulded from polypropylene. Syringes are available in sizes of 1ml, 2ml, and 10ml, in a variety of designs and consist of either two or three components in their material of construction. The number and size of injection moulding machines required depends upon syringe construction, number of mould cavities and annual production. Uses & Applications Disposable syringes commonly are used in modern medicine for the injection of drugs and vaccines or for the extraction of blood. Among the common uses of disposable syringes are the injecting of insulin by a diabetic person and the administering of a local anesthesia by a dentist. Disposable syringes are favored over reusable syringes for vaccines, in order to avoid the risk of transmitting blood-borne diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis from one person to another. Disposable syringes also are used to inject anesthetics for medical procedures. They can be used either alone or in combination with anesthetic gas for general anesthesia. They can be used in combination with anesthetic spray or cream for local anesthesia. The syringes used by dentists to administer local anesthesia before drilling or pulling teeth are a common example. Disposable syringes sometimes are used for drawing blood samples. They allow greater precision than evacuated tube systems, so syringes used together with butterfly needles often are favored when drawing blood. Market Survey The Indian healthcare sector, including pharmaceutical, diagnostics and hospital services, is expected to more than double its revenues to Rs 2500 bn by 2014. Expenditure on healthcare services, including diagnostics, hospital occupancy and outpatient consulting, the largest component of this spend is expected to grow more than 125% to Rs 1560 bn. The Indian domestic Medicare devices industry is expected to grow from Rs 60 bn to Rs 76.5 bn in four years. The overall market is estimated at Rs 150 bn. A major part of the demand is met through imports. Devices, such as catheters and stents represent nearly two-fifth of the entire range of diagnostic devices and most critical as per international classification. Presently medical devices are treated like drugs and regulated by state drug regulators under the drug law - Drugs and Cosmetics Act. Guidelines would make it mandatory for producers to get their products certified by notified bodies like ISO and BIS. The market for non-premium equipments, appliances and disposables is, however, dominated by the domestic manufacturers, while foreign suppliers and Indian companies with foreign alliances dominate the high-end hi-tech medical equipment and appliances. With the healthcare sector being opened up to private players, India is now emerging as a lucrative market for global firms dealing in hi-tech diagnostic and imaging equipment. In the Indian single uses syringes market, which is nearly 1.5 bn units strong, Hindustan Syringes and Medical Devices (HMD) enjoys a 65% market share. Imports constitute 10% of this market. In the single use needles market, HMD has a 70% market share, followed by imported brands with a 25% market share. The size of the local needles market is 2.5 bn units per annum. With the opening of healthcare sector, the market for medical equipment and accessories has become more vibrant. A large number of new medical facilities have been created by a large numbers of service providers, which is indicative of the great potential for medical equipment in India. The Indian market is expanding in all directions as a result of better affordability, greater health consciousness and expanding medical service institutions. With a population of 1.15 bn, India will need to at least 2 mn beds in the next 10 years in order to attain a modest target of 2 per 1000 of population. With a total healthcare value of USD 400 bn, the potential for Medicare equipment is, indeed large. Although there is a large untapped potential, the industry is confronted with problems of low volumes, high cost of production/operation, and rapid obsolescence as a result of accelerated, almost continuous, technological breakthroughs. The fragmentation of production facilities forestalls any worthwhile effort at R&D. This leads to industry's dependence on imported technology. Nonetheless, it is crystal clear that with the fast commercialization process of the sector and upgradation of medical facilities, the potential is sky-high. Few Major Players are listed below: Albert David Ltd. Disposable Medi-Aids Ltd. H L L Lifecare Ltd. Hindustan Syringes & Medical Devices Ltd. Iscon Surgicals Ltd. La Medical Devices Ltd. Lifeline Injects Ltd. Lifelong Meditech Ltd. Nirma Ltd. Raaj Medisafe India Ltd. Sangam Health Care Products Ltd. Surgiplast Ltd.
Plant capacity: 180 Lakh Nos. /annumPlant & machinery: 245 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 455 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Potato Starch

Potato is widely consumed as food all over the world. It contains the starch as a major carbohydrate. Surplus and cull potatoes are used as feed for livestock and also as raw material for the manufacture of starch, ethyl alcohol and a few other industrial products like, dextrose, liquid Glucose etc. The potato contains approximately 18-21% of carbohydrates. The major carbohydrate is starch. This starch comprises 65-80% of the dry weight of the tuber, is calorifically the most important nutritional component. Potato starch is starch extracted from potatoes. The cells of the root tubers of the potato plant contain starch grains (leucoplasts). To extract the starch, the potatoes are crushed; the starch grains are released from the destroyed cells. The starch is then washed out and dried to powder. Potato starch is a very refined starch, containing minimal protein or fat. This gives the powder a clear white color, and the cooked starch typical characteristics of neutral taste, good clarity, high binding strength, long texture and a minimal tendency to foaming or yellowing of the solution. Potato starch contains approximately 800 ppm phosphate bound to the starch; this increases the viscosity and gives the solution a slightly anionic character, a low gelatinization temperature (approximately 140 °F (60 °C)) and high swelling power. Starch is a tasteless, odorless, white amorphous powder, insoluble in water. All green plants store starch as nourishment for the future. Starch is one of the fundamental substances in the vegetable kingdom and is in existence abundantly in the natural world. Uses Starch is mainly used as material both in the manufacture of food and non-food products. In food processing a lot of starch is converted to starch hydrolysate. It is also used as a thickener in soups and gravies. Pre-gelatinized potato starch is used in considerable quantities in instant puddings, in which its properties are preferable to those of cereal starches. It is used in confectionery industry as a medium for molding cast candies such as jelly beans and gum drops, as a thickening agent in synthetic jellies, for sauces, soups, and stews. Potato starch tolerates higher temperatures than cornstarch when used as a thickener. It's a natural way to add moistness to many baked goods and as a dusting agent mixed with powdered sugar, for candy gums, chewing gums etc. It is also used in producing adhesives and dextrin’s, as a fermentation raw material, binder for tablets, and binder and extender for sausages. Starch derivatives are used in many recipes, for example in noodles, wine gums, cocktail nuts, potato chips, hot dog sausages, bakery and instant soups and sauces, in gluten-free recipes in kosher foods for Passover and in Asian cuisine. In pastry, e.g. sponge cake, it is used to keep the cake moist and give a soft texture. It is also occasionally used in the preparation of pre-packed grated cheese, to reduce sweating and binding. Market Survey Potato is a starch rich material with about 12-25 per cent starch in Indian varieties. In India, production of starch from potatoes is limited due to availability of cheaper sources of starch such as maize and tapioca. The pattern of world potato utilization indicates that over 2.8 per cent potato is used for starch extraction. The enormous amount for waste potatoes available, if used for starch production would not only result in value added products, but will also generate employment and save foreign exchange, it will also reduce cost of starch production from potatoes. The global starch consumption is expected to grow from 13.6 million tons in 2012 to 16.28 million tons by 2017, at an estimated CAGR of 3.5% from 2012 to 2017. The North America region is expected to continue its dominance on the global modified starch consumption, however, due to the increasing impact for demand of convenience health food, functional food, and the need to focus on alternate sources of starch, the Asian sub-continent is expected to drive the growth of the industry for the next few years. China and India are the leaders in the APAC market, driving the demand for modified starch because of the changing lifestyles and growing economies, boosting the need for convenience food sector. A second large consumer of starch hydrolysis products is the fermentation industry. Many fermentation processes run on starch hydrolysate. This is partly for cost reasons and partly because the organisms in use have been trained to prefer glucose to saccharose. The only exception is yeast, which traditionally grows best in molasses. Markets for virtually all fermentation-derived products, whether they are penicillin based, citric acids or amino acids, expand at high rates and add to the demand for starch hydrolysis products. Minor applications of starch syrups include their use in the manufacturing of sugar alcohols, particularly of Sorbitol; low calorie content and high degree of sweetness make sorbitol ideal for a number of different foods. Overall, the markets for starches and derivatives are expected to expand on a global scale at a substantial rate. Few Indian Major Players are as under Amaravati Agro Ltd. Bharat Starch Inds. Ltd. E I C L Ltd. Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Hindustan Maize Products Ltd. Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd. International Bestfoods Ltd. Jayant Vitamins Ltd. K G Gluco Biols Ltd. Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Rai Agro Inds. Ltd. Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd. Santosh Starch Ltd. Santosh Starch Products Ltd. Sayaji Industries Ltd. Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Tan India Ltd. Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Unicorn Organics Ltd. Unique Sugars Ltd. Universal Starch-Chem Allied Ltd. Wockhardt Health Care Ltd.
Plant capacity: 4500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 517 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 899 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Fruit Processing (Mango, Pineapple & Passion Fruits Concentrates) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Tropical fruits are harvested from woody plants (avocado, mango, orange) but also from herbaceous plants (banana, papaya) and vines (passion fruit). Tropical fruits, in most cases, are sold fresh, and off-grade fruit is processed. Most tropical fruits are highly perishable, and significant development has taken place to process selected fruits into dried products, juices and purees. Bananas such as plantains are also often used as a starch staple in Africa, Asia and Latin America and not as a dessert fruit. The fruit juice industry is a comparative young sector. While markets in China, India and Eastern Europe are still growing today, the Western markets of Europe and North America are now experiencing cutthroat competition. In these saturated markets, niche products such as those made from tropical fruits or so-called superfruits, premium juices (NFC- not from concentrate), puree, organic juices or products focusing on important. If you look around the beverage section of a supermarket these days, you will discover a fascinating variety of fruit and vegetable juices. The aseptic fruit concentrates are prepared after evaporation of water from fruit juices. These maintain quality, prolonged shelf life and optimize the transport and storage cost. The plant facility offers a wider range of final juice products for distribution such as fruit juice concentrates either packed in bulk or for consumer use, blended juices, both concentrated and ready for consumption, along with single strength fruit juices packaged in a wide variety of commercial containers. There has been a remarkable growth in the demand for the juice concentrates due to the increasing popularity of new non-alcoholic and alcoholic fruit drink products, ice cream, yoghurt and baby food etc. The fruit & vegetable syrups or concentrates are used as flavors in these products. The soft drink market is also creating huge demand for the concentrates. The move away from alcoholic drinks and the relative inconvenience of hot drinks has resulted in a major shift to packaged soft drinks of all flavors. Market Survey Fruit Beverages In volume terms, the total Indian market for fruit juices and related products, such as nectars squashes, concentrates and fruit drinks, is estimated at equivalent of 500 mn cases. Of this, only 10% is accounted for by packaged products and the rest is sold loose. Of the packaged products, 85% is made up of juices and nectars. The market for branded fruit-based drinks (Maaza, Frooti, Slice and others), nectar drinks (Real and Tropicana) and others is placed at Rs 8 bn. Of this Rs 6 bn is the market for fruit-based drinks and nearly Rs 2 bn is for fruit nectars. Besides, there is a large segment of kiosk vendors, especially in the urban areas, whose size is estimated at between Rs 8 and Rs 10 bn. The overall market for fruit juices of all types would thus be around Rs 18 bn. People, are now increasingly going in for fresh fruit juices vending from kiosk fountains which produce instant juices from fresh fruits in the presence of the consumer as well as bottled juices. It could be due to the non-availability of hygienically produced and well-preserved products or due to change in lifestyle of the consumer segment. The canned juice segment covered brands like NAFED, Noga, Midland, Gold Coin and Druk. These were fruit juices or nectars - not drinks. These did not make a mark in the market for whatever reasons: high price, unattractive packaging, lack of right promotion program. There is no general acceptance of the product forms in the fruit drinks market. The consumer is basically concerned that it is a real fruit juice and not a synthetically constituted product. Among the fruit juices are Pepsi's Tropicana nectar, Dabur's Real and fruit drinks Frooti and Slice. All these are real, reconstituted drinks from fruit pulps or concentrates. The fruit drinks differ in pulp content: the juices have over 85%, nectars 20% to 85% and fruit drinks less than 20% pulp. The leading fruit juice brands, besides Real and Tropicana, are Frooti, Onjus and Jumpin. The fruit drinks are based on oranges, mangoes, pineapples, grapes, apples, guava and tomato. Enkay Texofood Industries entered the market with what is claimed as 100% natural orange juice in India with Onjus brand. Enkay happens to be the largest Indian exporter of fruit juices, pulp and concentrates to Europe and North America, with clients such as Unilever, Coke, Pepsi and Nestle. The company's plants near Vapi in Gujarat have been producing daily 80,000 packs of 250 ml and 70,000 packs of one litre of Onjus. The emerging concept of juice bars and the recent trend of health awareness among the population have together contributed towards making the consumption of juices much more popular than before in India. A number of companies are trying to capture the untapped segment of the market aimed at children. The rural market in India has huge growth potential in this regard. With the availability of a wide range of options, Indian consumers have become much more brand conscious these days. Consequently, the domestic juice market has also witnessed the emergence of a number of branded players. Current trends suggest that the domestic players are competing well with the multinational companies. Entry of smaller brands is also a very good sign for the overall juice market in India: - The juices category was valued at INR 18,949.2m ($459.2m) in 2008, representing a CAGR of 20% since 2003. - By the end of 2013, the juices category will be worth INR 29,217.6m ($708m), with an expected CAGR of 9% between 2008 and 2013. - The juices market volume totaled 366.4 million liters in 2008, representing a CAGR of 19.1% since 2003. - By the end of 2013, the juices market will total 588.7 million liters, with an expected CAGR of 9.9% between 2008 and 2013. The juices market was led by fruit drink (0-29% juice) (representing 72.2% of the total value) followed by nectar (30%-99% juice) and 100% fruit juice (from concentrate), with a 23.5% and 3.8% market share, respectively. Vegetable juice accounts for the remaining 0.5% share. The fruit juice industry has made good progress in India. According to trade sources, the total market for fruit drinks & nectars has reportedly shown a growth rate of 10 -15% per annum in the past. The Indian market for fruit juices has reported an annual growth of 25-30%. The new sector which has potential to be explored is combination of various products like fruit and milk combination, fruit-yogurt drinks that are more natural & nutritious drinks. Few Indian Major Players are as under Atash Industries (India) Ltd. Dabur Foods Ltd. Enkay Texofood Inds. Ltd. Enkay Texofood Inds. Ltd. Goa Fruit Specialities Ltd. Indusmin Foods Ltd. Jain Processed Foods Pvt. Ltd. Kesar Greenfield International Ltd. Mother Dairy Food Processing Ltd. Mother Dairy Fruit & Vegetables Pvt. Ltd. Nadukkara Agro Processing Co. Ltd. Rasdhara Agro Exports Ltd. Reil Products Ltd. Seabuckthorn Indage Ltd. Surya Fresh Foods Ltd. Tricom Fruit Products Ltd. Tunip Agro Ltd. Vividh Agro Processors Ltd.
Plant capacity: 2800 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 549 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1788 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Sanitary Napkins - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

The 1st sanitary napkins were in the form of a cotton wool or similar stringy rectangular structure, sheathed with an absorbent liner. Disposable sanitary napkins started to be available in the markets only around the year 1895. Sanitary napkins production is a form of porous item that has the capability of absorbing the flow. Generally absorption paper, waterproof paper crushed pulp, and non-woven cloth or rayon paper is used as raw material. In India, the technology for sanitary napkins available by processing of raw cotton spinning and weaving of napkins. On small scale, the processed cotton is purchased which is spinned and woven. Inside most sanitary napkins is some sort of cotton or cloth like layer, an absorbent that turns into gel when it absorbs liquids and other paper like materials mixed together to form that middle layer, that have been bleached, disinfected with various chemicals and disinfectants, sometimes there are odorized agents that help mask the odor, and a plastic bottom layer that does not permit any leaks, and the chemical glue that stays on when wore. Sanitary napkins are a disposable pad of absorbent material worn to absorb the flow. Known as sanitary pads and sanitary napkins are important part of the gynecological hygiene for every woman. A woman will use an average of 10000 pieces of sanitary napkins within 30 to 40 years in her entire lifetime. Having a trusted brand of sanitary napkins has become paramount for every modern woman. Not only must the sanitary napkin provide comfort and safety, but also enhance every woman's health and lifestyle. Many sanitary pads on the market are made of synthetic materials and contain chemicals that can cause irritations and other health problems. Therefore, the best option is a sanitary napkin whose top layer is made up of cotton and not of plastic or some other synthetic materials. Thus cotton is very important quality and factor for manufacturing sanitary napkins. Absorbency is also probably the most important quality of sanitary napkins. That is why it is basically used for drying or absorbing purpose. Sanitary napkin producer knows that this is a basic quality, so in most of the product their quality of absorption is often mentioned. This basic and advantageous property of sanitary napkin also helps reducing discomfort. It is important that such sanitary napkins be breathable. Since, it is a vital characteristic for comfort and health. Heat and moisture retention create an environment that favors bacterial development. Many women experience irritation and rash when using regular napkins and most of the bacteria that cause women’s diseases are anaerobe, which means they will die within 30 seconds to 1 minute in oxygen. That is why it is so important for sanitary napkins to be breathable. Uses Sanitary Napkins are exclusively used by adult girls & Ladies around the world during for maintaining physical aid & to avoid wetting or staining of the clothes. Mostly Sanitary Napkin is not reusable. Its use is much popular amongst the educated class of adult girls & ladies. Market Survey Today, the global market for absorbent hygiene products is over US$ 50 bn (including wipes). Feminine hygiene (lady napkins) is hygiene absorbent products engineered to absorb and retain body fluid without causing any leakage. Although they are not yet the national standard, sanitary napkins are being perceived as more of a necessity and less of a luxury in India. Urban women make up 20% of the country’s sanitary napkin market. In 2008, there were 96 million women in urban India and, at that time, it was projected that that number would increase by 17% to 1.2 billion women in 2013. With this predicted population growth, the sanitary napkin market could potentially be valued at as much as USD$365m in 2013, up from US$166.1m in 2008. India’s sanitary napkin market has significant profit potential. The demand for such products is stable; purchases are recurring and not subject to normal business cycles. Procter & Gamble’s brands, Whisper and Pampers maintained their strength within their respective categories during 2011. Procter & Gamble’s spend on advertising and marketing communication for hygiene products was notably higher than that on home care. The wider acceptance of sanitary protection in rural India also helped the company maintain its edge over local players. Close rivals Kimberly-Clark, Johnson & Johnson, and Unicharm are also riding high on the overall growth and mass acceptability of these products. The market for tissue and hygiene products will continue to grow over the forecast period, backed by various demographics factors, including the increasing role of women in Indian society, greater accessibility of these products to semi-urban and rural areas, and increasing affordability due to a rise in disposable income. The increasing awareness of health and hygiene are driving sales in India. The radical change in lifestyles and consumption habits of modern Indian consumers, coupled with the influence of western culture in urban areas, are also supporting growth. Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever), Johnson & Johnson and Procter & Gamble have been the lead players in sanitary napkins market. The Unilever-Kimberly Clark joint venture had earlier entered the Indian market with its brand, Kotex, in competition with the market leader, Whisper of Proctor & Gamble. Kimberly Clark had launched upgraded Whisper with Wings brand, priced only 5% higher than the regular Whisper brand. After the launch of Whisper Extra Dry from Procter & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson came in with Stayfree Spirit. J&J is the leader in the Indian market with brands including Carefree, Stayfree, Stayfree Silky Dry. Stayfree Spirit brand focuses on the younger women, which is reflected in the contemporary pack design and ad communication. Few Indian Major Players are as under Carewell Hygiene Products Ltd. Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. Gufic Biosciences Ltd. Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Johnson & Johnson Ltd. Kimberly Clark Lever Pvt. Ltd. Procter & Gamble Hygiene & Health Care Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1728,00,000 Pcs./AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 134 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1624 Lakhs
Return: 35.00%Break even: 35.00%
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