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Best Business Opportunities in West Bengal- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mineral: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is one of the world's most naturally endowed lands. India is home to numerous minerals which benefit the country economically. The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal stands third in the country in terms of mineral production. The state contributes about one-fifth to the total production of minerals in the country. Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities. There are good possibilities of obtaining mineral oil and natural gas in the areas near the Bay of Bengal.

West Bengal is the third largest state for coal production, accounting for about half of India's total. Lignite mined in Darjeeling is used to make briquettes. West Bengal ranks next to Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in production of fireclay. China clay used in the pottery, paper, textile, rubber and paint industries are unearthed at Mohammad Bazar in Birbhum and Mejia in Bankura. Limestone which is used in cement industry is mined in Bankura, Purulia, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. There are copper mines in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. Small quantities of low quality iron-ore are mined in Bardhaman, Purulia, Birbhum and Darjeeling. There are manganese in the Jhargram region of Paschim Medinipur, Purulia and Bardhaman. The state’s production of dolomite comes from the Dooars region of Jalpaiguri.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Keeping pace with the liberalised Mineral Policy being adopted by the Government of India, Government of West Bengal has formulated its Mineral Policy in 2002. Among the basic objectives of the West Bengal Mineral Policy, 2002 following are worth mentioning:

1. To review the existing State monopolies over mineral exploration and wherever required, go in for selective de-reservation.

2. To invite private capital, resources and technology, both foreign and domestic, for better exploration and exploitation;

3. To promote necessary linkages for smooth and uninterrupted development of mineral based industries to meet the needs of the State.

4. To ensure proper vigilance and supervision of mining activities with particular emphasis on simplification of procedures and greater generation of revenues from mineral resources.

5. To develop industry friendly facilities in specific minerals like, Coal, Granite and China Clay and in Natural gas like Coal bed Methane.

 

Iron and Steel: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

India has one of the richest reserves of all the raw materials required for the industry, namely land, capital, cheap labour, iron ore, power, coal etc. Yet India is 5th in the world ranking for production of steel. Iron and steel is basis for laying the vibrant Indian industry. Production of steel has come to exist as an index of a country's potential, industrial and economic growth. The making of iron and steel had been known to the people of India since long. The iron pillar of Delhi is a proof of it and speaks of the quality of steel produced in this country in ancient times. The steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress, because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. The per capita usage of steel gives an indication of the technological advancement of a nation.

RESOURCES:

The growth of steel industry in the State is largely related to the proximity of raw materials, skilled manpower, port facilities and the vast market for steel products. Given these location advantages, large numbers of mini integrated steel plants have already been set up in the state manufacturing a wide range of products such as sponge irons, mild steels, iron pipes etc. The neighbouring Eastern States of India viz. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chattisgarh are endowed with huge iron ore reserves along with cooking coal and non-cooking coal. The establishment of Bengal Iron Works at Kulti in Burdwan district of West Bengal in 1870 where the first commercial blast furnace was set up in 1875 heralded the commencement of this industry in the State.

The easy availability of power, competitive rates of freight, close proximity to areas with natural resources relevant to the industry, and labour force traditionality skilled in operating iron and steel units are factors that have influenced the surge in investment in this sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed  as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted.  The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels.  With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability  of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing  procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector. 

 

Leather: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilisation of available raw materials for maximising the returns, particularly from exports.  The Indian leather sector meets 10% of global finished leather requirement. The leather industry is spread in different segments, namely, tanning & finishing, footwear & footwear components, leather garments, leather goods including saddlery & harness, etc.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has been functioning as a vast raw material resource base for the leather industry in the form of hides and skins. However, Indian leather export has undergone a transition from the export of raw hides and skins in the fifties to value added finished leather in the nineties. In the context, leather processing industries in West Bengal needed a strong structural support and proposal was mooted for setting up an eco-friendly complex near Calcutta with modern technical and training facilities. In this full scale integrated leather complex, facilities for leather-finishing, computer-aided design centres, modern training centre for up gradation are also being provided. This mega complex will also have manufacturing units to produce footwear uppers, finished foot wears, leather goods and garments to catering to the expanding domestic and export markets. The availability of a wide range of cost effective leather chemicals with consistent quality is crucial for the success of such a mega complex. Entrepreneurs can set up manufacturing units in the mega complex for both tanning chemicals and post-tanning chemical auxiliaries.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry are:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semifinished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme 

 

Petrochemicals: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. Since the beginning, the Indian petrochemical industry has shown an enviable growth rate. This industry also contributes largely to the economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. It provides the foundation for manufacturing industries like construction, packaging, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles etc.    

RESOURCES:

The state of West Bengal accounts for almost 4% of India’s production of petroleum products and 13% of India’s polymer production. The production has almost doubled in the last decade. Crude throughput at Haldia refinery increased to 5,502 million tones and its capacity utilization increased to 91.7% during 2005-06.

The growth of the Petrochemical sector has been very impressive both in terms of units set up and investment volume. The main reason for the recent growth of this industry is due to upstream and downstream industry linkages by the oil refining and petrochemical units set up in the state. The industry is due to receive a further fillip with the announcement of US$ 1 billion gas pipeline project to bring natural gas in the state. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. is India’s second largest integrated petrochemical complex. Currently producing 1.5 million tons of polymers and chemicals and has grown significantly to its present turnover of US$ 1.4 billion.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Encourage public sector companies & nationalized banks to enter the capital market to raise resources & offer new investment avenues.

•        Invite & encourage private sector investment in these industries in order to accelerate growth.

•        Set up Petroleum, Chemical & Petroleum Investment Regions (PCPIR) in the state to promote investment on a global scale.

•        Foreign Technology investments will be invited in the petrochemical industries.

•        Encourage Foreign Equity participation in the petrochemical industries.

 

Food Processing: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is one of the three front running states in India in food and agro processing sector. Fruits, vegetables and cereals grow in abundance in West Bengal. The state accounts for 30% of potatoes, 27% of pineapples, 12% of bananas and 16% of India’s rice production. Additionally fruits like mangoes, papaya, guava and jackfruit and vegetables like tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, are available in plenty.

West Bengal is the largest producer of rice, pineapple, vegetables and fruits in the country and second largest producer of potatoes and lychees. It ranks 1st in total meat production (including poultry) in the country and accounts for 10% of the country’s edible oil production. It is a substantial producer of spices, coconut, cashew nut, arecanut, betel vine and oilseeds. West Bengal is also one of the leading states in pisciculture since it the largest producer of fish.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Agro & Food Processing Industries form a very important part of the State’s economy. The West Bengal Government is setting up a number of policies & plans to focus on the selected areas like vegetables, fruits, fisheries, rice, poultry, dairy & floriculture. The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Increase agricultural production & productivity vertically through wider adoption of appropriate eco-system-specific & cost effective technology.

•        Bring more area under High Yielding Variety (HYV), hybrid & improved varieties of crops.

•        Emphasize increase production of pulses & oil seeds in non-traditional areas & non-conventional seasons.

•        Create employment opportunities in this sector to improve the socio-economic status of the farmers & also to remove sub-regional disparity.

•        Extending soil-testing facilities up to district level for proper use of fertilizer.

•        Post-harvest technology for reducing loss & better marketability.

•        Bring cultivable waste land & fallow land under cultivation.

•        Application of low cost technology for increasing production & productivity.

•        More money involvement in agriculture.

•        Encourage private entrepreneurship for processing of fruits, vegetables & horticultural items.

•        Promote floriculture parks & flower complexes in the state.

•        Other Business Process, knowledge Process and Engineering Process Outsourcing services

The State Government is encouraging the farmers for mechanization through the use of modern agricultural implements & machines for timely farm operation & reduction in the cost of cultivation.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

The textile industry of Kolkata plays a significant role in the economy of the capital city of the state of West Bengal. West Bengal has traditionally been a major producer of cotton textile as well in the country. Jute textile manufacturing is the most prominent industry in West Bengal due to availability of raw jute in the state. At present there are 59 Jute mills in West Bengal. Main jute products are Hessian, sacking, jute bags, and other items produced by jute. Most of the jute mills are located on the banks of river Hooghly near Kolkata. West Bengal is the leader and pioneer in the country for the manufacturing of Jute textiles. Hosiery industry in West Bengal has a huge grow potential as Bengal was the birthplace of hosiery industry in India.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. Biopharma and bioservices sectors contributed 63 per cent and 33 per cent, respectively, to the total biotech exports. The bioagriculture, bioindustrials and bioinformatics sectors remained focussed on domestic operations, bringing in nearly 90 per cent of their revenues from India.

RESOURCES

West Bengal has a vast knowledge base with few of the premiers institutes of India located here.          Presence of Kharagpur IIT which over the years have done path breaking research in this sector is a major resource of biotechnology development. It has rich bio diversity, characterized by several species of medicinal & aromatic plants and diverse agro climatic zones. A matrix of 75 deliverable products is ready for commercialization in the agro and medical sector. Increase awareness among people about the adverse side effects of synthetic drags.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The state has been putting efforts to facilitate the growth of biotech industries and development of clean biotech technologies. The various key initiatives under this section include:

•        Conserve bio-diversity through mapping and sustainable use of bio-resources.

•        Create a "Centre of Excellence for Biotechnology" as a high quality support service to Biotech Industries.

•        Facilitate the flow of venture capital funds and bank credit to Biotech companies.

•        Spread general awareness for optimum utilisation of Biotechnology in the agriculture sector.

 

Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market. The Indian auto component industry has kept pace with technological developments and is today catering not only to OEM and Tier I auto makers in India but abroad as well. Many Indian auto part makers have today also succeeded in emerging as the supplier of choice to global auto majors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has traditionally been very strong in the engineering industries and has been an important manufacturing base in the past. West Bengal’s Hindustan Motors was one of the pioneers by commencing production of vehicles in the state in the year 1948. Recently it has collaborated with Mitsubishi Company of Japan to diverse into a wide range of cars and manufactures everything related to automobile industry like trekkers, trucks, and also luxury cars like Mitsubishi Lancer and touching a consolidated net sale of US$ 233.47 million in the last fiscal year. West Bengal realizing this huge potential in this sector has geared up with appropriate plans and policies to boost this sector. Also it has got certain inherent competitive advantages since the state is located in the heart of India’s steel and manufacturing cluster.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:

•        Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.

•        Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.

•        Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.

•        Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.

•        Encouraging development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources.

•        Development of domestic safety & environmental standards at par with the international standards.

•        Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies & availability of appropriate auto fuels.

The State is also encouraging dynamic investment in the sector to create an environment for volume production & indigenous capability for small cars & auto parts.

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is the second largest tea growing state in the countryl contributing almost 21% of the total production in the country. There are three tea-growing zones in the state;       Darjeeling,          Terai and Dooars. Darjeeling tea is considered to be the finest in the world. There are 343 tea gardens in West Bengal covering 1,03,950 hectares planted area. Some of the major players in the Tea industry in West Bengal include Tata Tea Ltd, James Finlay & Company. Both of them together are representing world’s second largest global branded tea operations with product and brand presence in over 50 countries. Goodricke Group Ltd. (GGL) a part of the UK-based Cammelia Plc, the world’s single largest tea producer in the private sector. In India it is the third largest tea producer and the leading producer of Darjeeling tea.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The tea industry in India is highly regulated. It requires licenses for its import or export. While The Tea Act, 1953 controls production and distribution activities, the Tea (Marketing) Control Order, 2003 regulates tea sales and stipulates that a defined percentage of tea produced from each garden be sold through the auction system. In addition to this central cess, States also levy sales tax on sale of tea. Profits from production and sale of tea are subject to agricultural income tax by the states. Thus, the residual income after paying corporate tax is taxed again. This tax is levied on profits accruing to gardens located in respective state. 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in tea industry is permitted subject to compulsory divestment of 26% equity of the company in favour of an Indian partner / Indian public within five years from the date of investment.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has the widest variety of attractions in terms of tourist spots from the bustling Kolkata Megapolis with its historical and modern charms, to the zones of tranquillity like the Himalayan terrain in the north to the Sunderbans in the south. The state is endowed with all the diversities of nature that is a tourist’s dream. From the arid Chhota Nagpur plateau region in the west, forests in the north and south, mountains in the north, sea beaches in the south and rivers crisscrossing the whole of the state the varied panorama offers the discerning traveller a very wide choice and caters to the requirements of varied travel segments. More specifically, the snow capped peaks of the Himalayas, Darjeeling, referred by many as the Queen of the Hill Stations, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway declared as a World Heritage Site, the vast tea estates of the Dooars, the famed Royal Bengal Tiger of Sunderbans, the innumerable historical landmarks of India’s and Bengal’s glorious history are all wonders for the prospective tourists.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

Waste Management: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

RESOURCES:

There are 609 hazardous waste generating units in West Bengal. Amongst the nineteen districts of the state, two districts (Darjeeling and South Dinajpur) do not generate hazardous waste. The total quantum of hazardous waste generation from West Bengal is 2,59,776.24 metric tonnes per annum. (MTPA), out of which 46 per cent (1,20,596.41 MTPA) is landfillable, 49 per cent (1,26,596.38 MTPA) is recyclable and the remaining 5 per cent (12,583.45 MTPA) is incinerable by nature. Interestingly, it was observed that the majority of hazardous waste generating units in the state is small and is generating meagre quantity of waste, whereas the units generating substantial amount of hazardous wastes are limited in number.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Kaolin (Paints & Cosmetic Grade)

It is one of the most common minerals on earth and can be easily identified by its fine particle size and plate-like structure. The world's largest reserves of premium kaolin are located in the United States and Brazil. Kaolin, also known as china clay, is soft white clay which is an essential element in the manufacturing of porcelain and china and is used widely in making paper, paint, rubber, and lots of other products. In its natural form kaolin is a soft, white powder consisting mainly of the kaolinite mineral, which under electron microscope, is known to consist of generally hexagonal, platy crystal ranging in the size from approximately 0.1 to 10 micrometres. These crystals can take book like and vermicular forms, and macroscopic forms approaching the millimetre size are occasionally found. Kaolin, found in nature generally contains varying quantities of other minerals like muscovite, feldspar, anatase and quartz. In addition, basic kaolin is often stained yellow by the iron hydroxide pigments. It’s often needed to bleach clay chemically to eliminate the iron pigments and to wash with water to eliminate the other minerals to make kaolin for commercial uses. The kaolin market is estimated to be USD 4.52 Billion in 2017 and is projected to reach USD 5.52 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 4.1% from 2017 to 2022. The increasing demand for kaolin from various end-use industries, such as paper, ceramics & sanitary wares, fiberglass, paints & coatings, rubber, and plastics, is expected to drive the growth of the kaolin market during the forecast period. Kaolin distinguishes itself from other industrial clays, owing to its fine particle size, increased brightness, and pure coloring. Rising government spending in emerging economies such as India and China, has resulted in expansion of construction industry. This is expected to contribute toward an increased demand for kaolin.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Small Hotel/Motel with Party Room, Restaurant, Fast Food Parlour & Banquet

A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television, and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business center (with computers, printers, and other office equipment), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa, and social function services. Hotels and motels can also be segmented by room price rates. The establishments with room rates in the highest 30 percentile that are located in local or metropolitan markets are classified as upscale or luxury. The middle 30 percentile is classified as mid-priced, and the lowest 40 percentile as either economy or budget. Restaurant In Western countries, most mid- to high-range restaurants serve alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine. Some restaurants serve all the major meals, such as breakfast, lunch, and dinner (e.g., major fast food chains, diners, hotel restaurants, and airport restaurants). Other restaurants may only serve a single meal (e.g., a pancake house may only serve breakfast) or they may serve two meals (e.g., lunch and dinner). Restaurant! It is a most popular name in the present world. Many people do not have their meal in their home, they always take meal and food from restaurant. Restaurant is a public place, which opens to all for selling food and beverage to any person and peoples. In the restaurant industry, supply simply refers to the number of restaurants in a particular market, whether that market is national, regional or local. The global restaurant market is expected to grow substantially owing to the rise in the number of breakfast restaurants in response to the increasing consumer demand. Fast food and on-the-go menu items are also expected to fuel demand over the coming years. Although the industry does not face any restrictions, there could be challenges in obtaining a return on investment if not strategically performed. The Indian restaurant industry is worth Rs.75, 000 crores and is growing at an annual rate of 7%. The industry is highly fragmented with 1.5 million eating outlets, of which a little more than 3,000 outlets form the organized segment. However, the organized segment is rapidly growing at an annual rate of 16%. Quick service segment is the clear winner in the eating out market with a growth rate of 21%. Banquet Hall Banquet is a place where many guest having their Food and Beverage together. You can say Banquet is a proper place of party. Thousands of peoples have their Food and Beverage as well as Lunch or Dinner in Banquet Hall. Banquet hall is convenient place for setting up your events, the decorations and the food caterers. Banquet halls are within the reach of almost every strata of people. Moreover, the style of functioning of these banquet halls suits every Indian as well as foreigners. This is, thus, becoming a means for bringing people together and closer. This business truly deserves all supports. A banquet hall is like a boon to those who do not have the required facilities available to celebrate certain ceremonies/functions. It is economical and more favourable than five star hotels and at the same time requires quite a moderate sum to set up the business. The growing popularity of the system is a credential in itself that the future of this industry is quite bright.
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Men & Women Undergarment Manufacturing Business

Men & Women Undergarment Manufacturing Business. Innerwear Garments Industry. Manufacture of Regular Silk & Cotton Panties, Bikini Sets, Brasseries (Wired), Brasseries (Non Wired), Men's Briefs and Men's Baniyan. Most Profitable Apparel Business Ideas to Start Undergarments help to avoid soiling of outerwear are generally of two types: upper body and lower body garments, which cover the torso and waist and legs respectively. For undershirt, we include vest, sleeved vest and muscle vest. For briefs, we include regular briefs, trunks and boxer shorts. In winters, long underwear are preferred to provide extra warmth. Undergarments commonly worn by women today include brassieres and knickers (known in the U.S. as panties), while men often wear briefs, boxer briefs or boxer shorts. Items commonly worn by both sexes include T-shirts, sleeveless shirts (also called singlets or tank tops), bikini underwear, thongs, and G-strings. Increasing awareness regarding health and fitness and personal hygiene among men is influencing them to use two fresh/clean sets of undergarments in a day. Market Outlook Indian undergarment market by volume had grown at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7% in the last 3 years. Population growth, increasing disposable incomes of consumers and the demand emanating more from women segment due to change in demographics influenced growth in demand. The undergarment industry in India is highly fragmented. The bulk of the market, approximately 70%, is dominated by private label brands and small local or regional players. There is only a minimal garment market for women. Traditional sari serves this function and replaces sleep and leisure wear at home. Indian women have long regarded underwear as an accessory, not an everyday item. However, the undergarment industry in India has recently seen rapid changes. The annual growth rate in this industry is close to 12% and this market is considered to be the most highly developed sector of the fashion industry. Soon, factors like growth in income level, preference for recognizable brands and rapid growth of retail chains are anticipated to increase the share of the underwear market that national brands control. The innerwear industry in India holds immense growth potential and it is evident from the entry of large international brands in the Indian market in the last few years. A key factor characterizing the huge growth in the Indian innerwear market is the increasing size of the organized market and the declining share of the unorganized market resulting in growing independent brands taking charge of the market. The Innerwear Category is one of the high growth categories in the apparel market and promises growth and innovation. The higher income, along with higher discretionary spending, growing fashion orientation of consumers and product innovations by the innerwear market have turned innerwear from a traditionally utilitarian item to an essential fashion requirement. The current size of the Indian innerwear market is Rs. 15,870 crores ($2.9 billion). The category is also growing at an impressive CAGR of 12 per cent and is expected to reach Rs. 27,900 crores ($5.1 billion). The womens innerwear market, which is driven by value-added innerwear products, contributes around 60 per cent to the market. The growth of the innerwear category is primarily centered in urban India. The trend towards Western outfits, combined with the demand for occasion and outfit-based innerwear, is acting as a boost for the market. Demand for innerwear with higher functionality and greater comfort is rising fast. The market for innerwear product variations like seamless intimates, plus size inner wear, body shape enhancers, etc., is burgeoning both in the metros and mini-metros. Men’s Innerwear Market The men’s innerwear market, worth Rs. 6,330 crores ($1.2 billion), is characterized by the presence of numerous Indian and international brands catering to different segments of the market. Though many fashion / apparel players have extended their existing brand labels in menswear to men’s innerwear as well, the product recall of players with focus solely on innerwear products is comparatively higher. The market is dominated by a large number of small-scale players making ~60-65 percent of the market fragmented and unorganized. However, the market segment is evolving gradually and moving towards organized retail. Women’s Innerwear Market On the basis of demographics, behavior traits, lifestyle activities and purchase patterns, the typical consumers of the women’s innerwear market can be divided into three distinct categories: Urbane Enthusiasts, Exuberant Seekers and Thriving Homemakers. The Indian innerwear market is primarily dominated by women’s innerwear which accounts for 64 percent of the total innerwear market and it accounts for 15 percent of the total women’s apparel market. Various product categories in women’s innerwear are – brassieres, camisoles, panties, tees, nighties, shorts, etc. Brassieres and panties contribute 85 percent of the total women’s innerwear segment. Women’s innerwear segment is poised to grow at an impressive growth rate of 12 percent over the next decade to reach Rs 56,364 crore by 2027 from current market size of Rs 18,454 crore. Women’s Lingerie Market Lingerie is a category of women’s clothing including at least undergarments, sleepwear and lightweight robes. The specific choice of the word often is motivated by an intention to imply the garments are alluring, fashionable or both. Lingerie is made of lightweight, stretchy, smooth, sheer or decorative fabrics such as silk, satin, Lycra, charmeuse, chiffon or (especially and traditionally) lace. These fabrics can be made of natural fibres like silk or cotton or of synthetic fibres like polyester or nylon. India lingerie market is projected to grow at a CAGR of over 24% during 2018-2023. Increasing demand from youth women population, increasing adoption of western culture & lifestyle and growing number of working women are aiding India lingerie market. Moreover, increasing expenditure on personal appearance and changing fashion trends in lingerie market are some of the other factors expected to propel demand for lingerie in India over the next five years. It can be demonstrated by the product differentiation brought by the lingerie manufacturers over online and retail stores which is a key factor complementing the growth of the global lingerie market. Increasing demand from youth women population, increasing adoption of western culture & lifestyle, and growing number of working women are aiding the lingerie market. Also, increasing expenditure on personal appearance and changing fashion trends in lingerie market are some of the other factors expected to propel the demand for lingerie. The lingerie market is segmented on the basis of product type into the bra, knickers and panties, loungewear, shapewear, and others. Bra segment holds the biggest share in the global market due to its indispensable usage. The knickers and panties segment is expected to make a significant contribution to the overall market as these are considered essential items of an attire. Also, in recent years, the development of technology to manufacture various types of bra and knickers has also increased. Adoption of the newly designed bras for cosmetic purpose is boosting the growth of lingerie market. Global Innerwear Market The global innerwear market is driven by several factors, for instance rising demand for shapewear internationally, grooming awareness via social media such as Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter, increasing spending through online retailing, and awareness about predominant global fashion trends. These factors are projected to drive the innerwear market throughout the forecast period. Furthermore, manufacturers are enhancing their distribution channels to increase the sales. As a result, the market is estimated to witness the rising adoption of innerwear. However, various local players and unorganized players offer low cost products made of cheap quality materials which are uncomfortable to wear and also cause skin problems. This is estimated to restrain the innerwear market throughout the forecast period. Tags How to Start an Undergarment Business, Ladies Undergarment, Underwear Manufacturing, Female Undergarments, Undergarments, Inner Garments, How to Start my Own Lingerie Business, Lingerie & Innerwear Business Opportunity in India, How to Start a Women's Underwear & Lingerie Business, How to Start Men & Women Undergarment Business, Undergarments (Men & Women) Manufacturing Plant, Ladies Undergarments Business in India, Underwear Industry, Undergarments Manufacturing Business Plan Pdf, Indian Innerwear Garments Industry, Starting an Underwear Business, Undergarments Industry in India, Undergarments Sector in India, Undergarments Manufacturing Project Report, Undergarment Business Plan, Undergarments Manufacturing, Undergarments Manufacturing Process, Raw Material for Undergarments, Undergarments Manufacturing Business Plan, Indian Innerwear Sector, Underwear and Lingerie Manufacture, Lingerie & Innerwear Business, Manufacturing of Hosiery Items (Undergarments for Men and Women), Hosiery Manufacturing Process, Regular Silk & Cotton Panties Manufacture, Bikini Sets Manufacturing Business, Brasseries (Wired) and Brasseries (Non Wired) Business, How to Start Briefs Men's Manufacturing Business, Baniyan Men's Manufacturing Business Plan Pdf, Process Flow Chart of Garments Manufacturing, Innerwear Business Opportunity in India, Men's Innerwear Business, Innerwear Manufacture, Report on Indian Innerwear Garments Industry, Hosiery Manufacturing Business, Women's Innerwear Industry, Project Report on Undergarments Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Women's Underwear Business, Project Report on Women's Underwear & Lingerie Business, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Undergarments Manufacturing, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Men's Innerwear Business, Feasibility report on Men's Innerwear Business, Free Project Profile on Women's Underwear & Lingerie Business, Project profile on Undergarments (Men and Women), Download free project profile on Undergarments Manufacturing Business, Men's and Women's Underwear, Apparel Business, How to Start a Clothing Manufacturing Business, Profitable Clothing Business Ideas & Opportunities, Women's Apparel Manufacture, Apparel Manufacture, Clothing Manufacture, Women's Clothing Manufacturing Industry, Ladies Garments Manufacturing Ideas in India, Garment and Textile Production, Apparel Manufacturing Industry, Ladies Garments, Garments Manufacture, Apparel Industry, Men's Clothing Manufacturing Industry, Men Wear Business Opportunity in India, Most Profitable Apparel Business Ideas to Start, Readymade Garment Manufacturing Project, Men's & Women's Apparel Manufacturing Industry
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Shopping Mall with Four Screen Multiplex & 3 Star Hotel

Shopping Mall with Four Screen Multiplex A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center (also spelled shopping centre), in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit. A shopping arcade is a specific type of shopping precinct which is usually distinguished in English for mall shopping by the fact that connecting walkways are not owned by a single proprietor and are in open air. A multiplex is a movie theater complex with multiple screens within a single complex. They are usually housed in a specially designed building. Sometimes, an existing venue undergoes a renovation where the existing auditoriums are split into smaller ones, or more auditoriums are added in an extension or expansion of the building. The largest of these complexes can sit thousands of people and are sometimes referred to as a megaplex. The dramatic growth in multiplex cinemas, projected to grow in numbers by 300 per cent over the next three years, has been greatly encouraged by urban planning and taxation policies designed to encourage new commercial and residential developments arising out of urban regeneration programs and the growth of satellite conurbations. 3 Star Hotel Typically these hotels offer more spacious accommodations that include well-appointed rooms and decorated lobbies. They are often located near major expressways or business areas, convenient to shopping and moderate to high priced attractions. The hotels usually feature medium-sized restaurants that typically offer service breakfast through dinner. Room service availability may vary. Valet parking, fitness centers and pools are often provided. The 3 Star segment held the largest market share in the global hotels market. Increasing domestic tourism coupled with demand for luxurious lifestyle is one of the major factors fueling the demand in the 3 Star hotels segment. Hotels industry is one of the major sectors fueling the growth of hospitality sector at the global level. Booming travel and tourism industry is one of the major factors fueling the demand in the hotels industry. In addition, with large number of multinational companies opening their bases globally has also increased the number of business travelers boosting the hotels industry. The major companies in the hotels market are also focusing on improvement of customer service experience there by increasing the number of revisits. 3 Star hotels held the largest market share in the hotels market globally and is expected to remain the market leader throughout the forecast period. However, the unrated segment is expected to be the fastest growing market. Increasing demand in the budget hotels segment is one of the major factors fueling the demand in the unrated segment.
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Thiourea (Using Carbon Disulphide)

Thiourea is an organosulfur compound with the formula SC(NH2)2. It is structurally similar to urea, except that the oxygen atom is replaced by a sulfur atom, but the properties of urea and thiourea differ significantly. Thiourea is a reagent in organic synthesis. "Thioureas" refers to a broad class of compounds with the general structure (R1R2N) (R3R4N)C=S. Thioureas are related to thioamides, e.g. RC(S)NR2, where R is methyl, ethyl, etc. Thiourea is an organic compound of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and hydrogen, with the formula CSN2H4 or (NH2)2CS. It is similar to urea, except that the oxygen atom is replaced by a sulfur atom. The properties of urea and thiourea differ significantly because of the relative electro negativities of sulfur and oxygen. Thiourea is a versatile reagent in organic synthesis. "Thioureas" refers to a broad class of compounds with the general structure (R1R2N) (R3R4N)C=S. Thioureas are related to thioamides, e. g. RC(S)NR2, where R is methyl, ethyl, etc. Thiourea is originated from laburnum shrubs and is also a natural metabolite of the fungi Verticillium alboatrum and Bortrylius cinerea with no significant emissions into the air from the industrial use of thiourea as a catalyst in the synthesis of fumaric acid, diazo paper, or metal polish, whereas releases to surface water are unclear. Based on end-user industry, the thiourea market can be segmented into textile, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, mining, rubber, chemical, and paper. Agriculture is likely to remain the major end-user industry segment of the thiourea market during the forecast period. Thiourea is used as an effective pesticide in crop protection. It helps boost crop productivity in the field. Use of thiourea in the pharmaceutical industry is also expected to increase significantly between 2017 and 2025. In the pharmaceutical industry, thiourea is employed as an intermediate for making thiazole and drugs inhibiting for thyroid disease. The pharmaceutical segment is anticipated to exhibit significant CAGR during the forecast period. Agriculture is likely to remain the major sector for the growth of thiourea market. While the pharmaceutical segment is expected to show substantial growth during the forecast period. The increase in investments in the growing agriculture and pharmaceutical industries creates opportunities for the global thiourea market. However, toxicity related to thiourea has hampered the consumption of thiourea in the market which might act as a restraining factor for the growth of the thiourea market globally.
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Air Taxi (Rental

An air taxi is a small commercial aircraft which makes short flights on demand. The global air taxis market was valued at USD 27.69 billion in 2017 and is expected to reach USD 80.50 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 8.32% from 2017-2030. The market growth is expected to be positively influenced by shorter expected waiting time at the airports and flexibility of the consumers to choose their travel time according to their convenience. The multicopter segment is expected to acquire a considerable share in the global air taxis market over the forecast period. The demand for the segment is expected to register the highest CAGR in the market over the coming years. The segmental growth is projected to be influenced by the economic benefits offered by it along with its ability to use shorter runways for ultra-short-haul journeys.
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Polyurethane

Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. While most polyurethanes are thermosetting polymers that do not melt when heated, thermoplastic polyurethanes are also available. Polyurethane polymers are traditionally and most commonly formed by reacting a di- or tri poly-isocyanate with a polyol. Since polyurethanes contain two types of monomers, which polymerise one after the other, they are classed as alternating copolymers. Both the isocyanates and polyols used to make polyurethanes contain, on average, two or more functional groups per molecule. Polyurethanes are versatile, modern and safe. They are used in a wide variety of applications to create all manner of consumer and industrial products that play a crucial role in making our lives more convenient, comfortable and environmentally friendly. Polyurethanes are formed by reacting a polyol (an alcohol with more than two reactive hydroxyl groups per molecule) with a diisocyanate or a polymeric isocyanate in the presence of suitable catalysts and additives. The uses of polyurethane ranges from flexible foam in upholstered furniture, rigid foam for insulation in walls and roofs, TPU used in medical devices and footwear, to coatings, adhesives, sealants, and elastomers used on floors and automotive interiors. The base year considered for the study is 2015, and the forecast has been provided for the period between 2016 and 2021. The future of the global MDI based polyurethane market is positive with opportunities in building and construction, appliance, transportation, furniture and bedding, footwear, packaging, and general & industrial engineering industries. The major driver for growth in this market is increasing demand for higher thermal insulating materials in building and construction, home appliances, and transportation sectors. The polyurethane (PU) market size was USD 53.94 billion in 2015 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 7% from 2016 to 2025. High demand for lightweight & durable materials from end-use industries such as furniture, construction, electronics & appliances, automotive, footwear & packaging has driven growth in recent years.
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Production of Polyester Fiber from Corn/Starch

Production of Polyester Fiber from Corn/Starch. Corn Fibre Manufacturing Business Polyester fibers are manufactured from recycled or virgin PET. These fibers can be colored by the method of pigmentation or dope dyeing. Polyester fibers can be classified as staple fibers and bulk continuous fibers (BCF) depending on their length. These fibers can also be manufactured in various geometries such as square, rectangular, triangular, hexagonal and circular depending upon the area of application. Polyester is the most used and most preferred fibre in the textiles industry due to its better physical properties, lower price, versatility, and recyclability, which offer a completely unique set of benefits unmatched by any other natural or synthetic fibres. Polyester fibers are extremely strong, resistant to most chemicals and shrinking, stretching, abrasion, wrinkle and mildew resistant. Polyester fibers are hydrophobic in nature and dry quickly. Therefore, they can be used to provide insulation in the form of hollow fibers. Polyester fibers withstand wear and tear longer than cotton and retain their shapes in extreme climatic conditions and are thus preferred for manufacturing outdoor clothing. Polyester fiber offers superior properties and is cost-effective than the substitute products making it one of the preferred materials for the textile manufacturers. Increasing use of this cost efficient and superior quality product in fabrics used for industrial purposes will further drive the polyester fiber market in the upcoming years. Corn Fiber is made using fermentation of simple plant sugar to create a range of textile products and applications. Although the fiber itself comes from corn starch, which generates a lactic acid (the basis for a polymer) by fermentation, it is not "natural" since there is chemical transformation. It is however considered 'renewable' since it does not come from a fossil product. Corn fiber is a manmade fiber derived entirely from annually renewable resources. These fibers have the performance advantages often associated with synthetic materials, and complementing properties of natural products such as cotton and wool. Corn fibre is composed of lactic acid, which is produced by converting corn starch into sugar & then fermenting it to get lactic acid. Lactic acid can be considered a commodity chemical sleeping giant, with advantages including: • It can be made from biomass. • It has both a hydroxyl group and a carboxylic acid group. • It is optically active. The fabric made from corn fibre is easy to care for, cheap and very comfortable to wear. Moreover, it is stain-resistant and UV resistant. This fabric can be used for several applications such as readymade apparel, diapers, bedding, carpets and upholstery. Moreover, the production of this fabric requires the use of less fuel, and is hence environment-friendly as well. Advantage of Corn Fibre: • High melting point. • High crystallization degree and good clarity. • The fiber also has the high strength which is same as normal poly fiber, so its use is very abroad. The Corn fiber has the characteristics of lustrous silk, has excellent hand touch and brightness and so on. Garments in corn fiber reportedly demonstrated good soil release, quick drying and show excellent after-wash appearance. Market Outlook The soluble corn fibre market can be segmented on the basis of its application as food & beverages, nutraceuticals and clinical nutrition, animal nutrition and others. It can also be classified on the basis of end-user usage pattern of soluble corn fibre into breakfast, lunch, dinner and on-the-go eating. One of the major advantages of soluble corn fibre is, it can be used as low-calorie fillings in a range of food items, specially baked goods and confectionery. In addition, there is a growing demand for soluble corn fibres in frozen entrees such as pasta and tortillas in packaged food industry. Regionally, the market can be divided into Asia-Pacific, North America (the U.S., Canada and Mexico), Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East and North Africa, and Rest of the World (Latin America and South Africa). With the rise in disposable income and a shift towards leading a healthy life, the industry has felt an augmented demand for soluble corn fibres. In addition, advancement in food technologies to produce label-friendly products happens to be a major supply side driver of this market. One of the restraints of the market could be the process stability of corn-soluble ingredients as these products are highly application specific. Tags #Corn_Fibres, #Polyester_Staple Fibre, #Polyester_Fiber_from_Corn/Starch, #Manufacture_of_Polyester_Fibres, #Manufacturing_Process_of_Polyester_Fiber, #Polyester_Fiber_Production, Production Process of Polyester Fiber, Manufacturing of Polyester Fiber, Flow Chart of Polyester Fiber Production, Polyester Fiber and its Uses, Processing of Polyester Fibers, Polyester Fiber Production Using Corn, Polyester Fiber Manufacture, Polyester Staple Fiber Production Process, Polyester Fiber Industry, #Project_Report_on_Polyester_Fiber_manufacturing_Industry, #Detailed_Project_Report_on_Polyester_Fiber_Production, Project Report on Polyester Fiber Production, #Pre_Investment_Feasibility_Study_on_Polyester_Fiber_Production, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Polyester Fiber Production, #Feasibility_report_on_Polyester_Fiber_Production, Free Project Profile on Polyester Fiber Production, Project profile on Polyester Fiber Production, Download free project profile on Polyester Fiber Production, Production of Corn Fiber, Corn Fiber / Maize Fiber
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Milk & Dairy Processing Business Ideas

Milk & Dairy Processing Business Ideas. Production of Ghee, Khoa (Khoya), Dairy Cream, Toned Milk 3% Fat, Thandai and Shrikhand. Milk Packaging and Distribution Milk is a valuable nutritious food that has a short shelf-life and requires careful handling. Milk is highly perishable because it is an excellent medium for the growth of microorganisms – particularly bacterial pathogens – that can cause spoilage and diseases in consumers. Milk processing allows the preservation of milk for days, weeks or months and helps to reduce food-borne illness. India is one of the world's largest producer and consumer of milk. It contributes to almost 9.5%of the global milk production. Processing of dairy products gives small-scale dairy producers higher cash incomes than selling raw milk and offers better opportunities to reach regional and urban markets. Milk processing can also help to deal with seasonal fluctuations in milk supply. The transformation of raw milk into processed milk and products can benefit entire communities by generating off-farm jobs in milk collection, transportation, processing and marketing. Ghee Ghee is a form of highly-clarified butter that is traditionally used in Asian cooking. Like butter, ghee is typically made from cow's milk. Ghee is made by melting regular butter. The butter separates into liquid fats and milk solids. Once separated, the milk solids are removed, which means that ghee has less lactose than butter. Traditionally, ghee has been used as cooking oil, an ingredient in dishes, and in Ayurveda therapies. Ghee is still used in Ayurvedic massage and as a base for herbal ointments to treat burns and rashes. Ghee is great for deep or pan frying. It can be used when toasting spices, as opposed to dry roasting, when making authentic Indian dishes. This technique results in a richer version of the spice's original flavor. Ghee can be thought of simply as a more durable, more flavorful butter replacement, and can be used as a condiment you spread on toast or toss with vegetables. A more traditional variation of ghee worth trying is flavored ghee, made by adding ginger, peppercorns, cumin, or other spices at the very beginning of the clarifying process. Khoa A concentration of milk to one-fifth volume is normal in the production of khoa. Khoa is used as the base for a wide variety of Indian sweets. About 600,000 metric tons are produced annually in India. Khoa is made from both cow and water buffalo milk. Khoa is made by simmering full-fat milk in a large, shallow iron pan for several hours over a medium fire. The gradual evaporation of its water content leaves only the milk solids. The ideal temperature to avoid scorching is about 80°C (180°F). Another quick way of making khoa is to add full fat milk powder to skimmed milk and mixing and heating until it becomes thick. Cream Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization. The dairy cream market is driven by the growing food processing industry and increasing household consumption. The other major factors driving the market demand are changing food preferences towards processed food, and the growing population and rapid urbanization. The high production costs and health consciousness leading to low-fat consumption are found to be obstacles for the industry. Toned Milk Toned milk is a method, developed in India, of treating buffalo milkby adding skim milk, powdered skim milk and water to buffalo milk. This process decreases the fat content, increases the quantity of available milk, and 'tones up' the non-fat solids level to the original amount. Thandai Thandai is a refreshing milk based beverage specifically associated with the Holi festival. During dry summer winds, Thandai makes you feel cooler and have many other health benefits as well. Shrikhand Shrikhand is a popular, classic, thick and delectable Indian yoghurt sweet commonly known all over India especially in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. It is one of the prime sweet delicacies from the Gujarati and Maharashtrian cuisines made with hung & strained yoghurt flavoured with saffron and cardamom. Shrikhand is one such excellent and luscious Indian sweet served during festivals, feast or get together. Market Outlook The milk processing industry in India will rise at an overall compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 20.5%, and will be worth USD 53.17 billion by 2020. India has always been the largest producer (an estimated 400 million litre per day currently) and consumer of milk in the world. But it remained a boring market largely because the per capita consumption was low, and most of the milk was consumed in its basic, liquid form, or at best as ghee and some butter. Out of the 400 million litres of milk that India produces per day, 160 million litres per day (48 per cent) is retained by the producers for their own consumption. The surplus milk that is available for sale is around 240 million litres per day. Along with offering profitable business opportunities, the dairy industry in India serves as a tool of socio-economic development. On the other hand, the private participation in the Indian dairy sector has also increased over the past few years. Both national and international players are entering the dairy industry, attracted by the size and potential of the Indian market. The focus is being given to value-added products such as cheese, yogurt, probiotic drinks, etc. They are also introducing innovative products keeping in mind the specific requirements of the Indian consumers. The factors which have contributed to this growth are increasing population, rising disposable incomes, health consciousness among the consumers, government initiatives, etc. Some of the major factors driving the growth of the Indian dairy market are rising working-population, increasing disposable incomes and health consciousness among the consumers. Additionally, the government is also taking active participation in advancing and promoting dairy farming practices to promote the production and quality of milk. Milk production is a very important element of the whole dairy chain. Over the next five years, changing lifestyles of urban population and rising demand for healthy and convenient dairy products is anticipated to play an instrumental role in the growth of India dairy products market. In addition, value-added dairy products have larger shelf life than raw milk. Value-added products help your company become more viable, more visible to the public and open up new markets. The global dairy market was USD 413.8 billion in 2017, and is expected to register a decent growth rate during the forecast period. The global dairy sale has surpassed 192,884 million kg in 2017, with milk accounting for the largest category. The global dairy market observed a volume growth of 1.8% during the past five years. Increasing population, rising demand for dairy products from developing countries and improvements in operational efficiency are some of the key factors favoring the market growth. In addition, emerging economies due to changing consumer dietary patterns will offer significant growth opportunities. However, increasing shares of value-added products (VADPs) in overall dairy products is restricting the market growth. Ghee Ghee, which is widely used in Indian cooking, is the pure butter fat left over after the milk solids and water are removed from butter. It is very fragrant with a rich nutty taste and represents the second largest consumed dairy product in India, after liquid milk. The ghee market in India has witnessed a strong growth in recent years. Some of the factors which have contributed in influencing the market growth are increasing disposable incomes, expanding distribution channels and introduction of organic ghee. The taste, texture, and color of the ghee depend on the quality of butter, source of milk, and duration of boiling. In Ayurveda, ghee is considered as a vital medicine for healing wounds, improving digestion, reducing free radicals, and boosting immune system. It can be kept at room temperature for several weeks without refrigeration. The consumption of ghee has increased, as it is rich in fat soluble vitamins A, D, & E, helps in building strong bones, improves digestion, and reduces inflammation. The plethora of health benefits and high penetration in the emerging market are the key drivers of the market growth. Further, high disposable income and population boom are expected to present lucrative opportunities to market players. However, overconsumption of ghee could lead to cardiovascular diseases, which in turn is key factor affecting the market growth during the forecast period. The healthy growth of the market can be attributed to numerous forces. Population growth, rising disposable incomes, easy availability, and growing awareness about the benefits of ghee are some of the factors that are broadening the growth aspects of the market. The global ghee market is segmented based on application and geography. On the basis of application, it is divided into household and industrial. Geographically, it is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA. In 2017, the global Ghee market size was million US$ and is forecast to million US in 2025, growing at a CAGR of from 2018. Dairy Cream The global dairy cream market is expected to reach USD XX billion by 2023, growing at a 3.6% CAGR during the forecast period 2018-2023. Germany, Russia, Canada, and France were the leading dairy cream consuming markets, together accounting for approximately more than 40% of global consumption. These countries were also the leading producers of fresh cream in the world. Based on the cream type, the market is segmented into dairy cream and vegetable cream. The dairy cream market is further segmented into fresh cream, whipping cream, half and half cream, sour cream, double cream, and others. Fresh cream is leading in the dairy cream market for food service industry. It is appropriate for spooning and is broadly utilized as a part of cookery, progressively well known in Britain. The vegetable cream is further segmented into soybean, coconut, palm kernel, and others. The soybean cream is the leading segment in the vegetable cream market for food service industry. The dairy cream market is driven by the growing food processing industry and increasing household consumption. The other major factors driving the market demand are changing food preferences towards processed food, and the growing population and rapid urbanization. The high production costs and health consciousness leading to low-fat consumption are found to be obstacles for the industry. Innovative product development with low trans-fat and organic cream products are expected to be further growth opportunities in this industry. Toned Milk 3% Fat Toned milk is often used in areas where milk production is extremely low. In these cases, untreated milk tends to be high in fat, and mechanical removal of the milk-fat would be cost-prohibitive. Buffalo milk has a fat content of about 7-8%, and contains calcium and a non-fat solids content of 9-10%. By reducing the fat content to 3% through the toning process, the available milk quantity is nearly tripled. Toned milk contains lesser fat as compared to full cream milk. Nevertheless, it continues to maintain the nutritional content. If we take the fat content into consideration, one glass of toned milk contains 80 calories, which is half of the calorie content of full-cream milk. It is a rich source of calcium and is good for your bones and teeth. Double-toned milk: It is obtained by taking milk through the toning process twice, reducing the fat content of milk even further. Double-toned milk is ideal for weight conscious, calorie counting people. Double-toned milk is more nutritious than toned milk. Milk Packaging Market Packaging of milk is the process of using suitable vessels to carry, protect and merchandise milk. Condensed milk, fresh milk, skimmed milk, evaporated milk and flavored milk are packaged in a broad range of packaging types such as cans, bottles, pouches, etc. Milk packaging has transformed from the conventional methods to new and advanced techniques. Depending on the convenience of consumers, milk packaging is done through several types of specialized containers such as tetra packs. Earlier, glass bottles were widely used for milk packaging, although, currently, only a minor proportion of glass bottles are being utilized in milk packaging. Thermoformed plastic packaging products such as bottles and pouches are being widely used for milk packaging owing to their high stability, resistance to UV rays and resistance to a broad range of temperatures. Also, cartons prepared from plastic or wax coated paperboard are being most widely used for milk packaging. Global Milk Packaging Market was valued at $36,157 million in 2016, and is expected to reach at $49,809 million by 2023, registering a CAGR of 4.6% from 2017 to 2023. Packaging is a method of using components and containers to carry, protect, identify, and enable merchandising of products. Apart from providing safety and hygiene of products, it enables differentiation of products of two distinct companies or competitors. Moreover, increase in demand for single serve milk packs is estimated to fuel the growth of the global milk packaging market during the forecast period. In addition, several health & nutritional benefits associated with the use of packaging materials have fueled the demand for milk in the recent years, which is expected to drive the global market during the forecast period. The packaging of milk is an important aspect to protect, carry, and market in order to sustain its freshness and convenient form of the product. There are various packaging types which are used for packaging milk, such as bottles, cans, and pouches. The trends associated with the packaging types vary with respect to country and region. For example, in Germany, the milk is usually packed in cartons whereas in the US the milk is also packed in pouches. There are diverse reasons for good packaging of milk like safety, information, ease of storage & handling, and distribution damages. The rise in production of milk across the globe is expected to have a positive impact on the market growth over the forecast period. Furthermore, the correct choice of packaging material in accordance with the weather conditions helps in ascending shelf life of the product which is likely to boost the utilization. Growth of the global milk packaging market is driven by factors such as increasing number of small households – due to which consumers prefer single serve packs of consumer goods – particularly for milk and other dairy products. Moreover, increasing number of health conscious consumers in various countries is driving demand for milk as a source of calcium, minerals, vitamin D, and protein. Availability of various flavoured milk products in the market is another factor expected to stimulate growth of the global milk packaging market during the forecast period. In addition, increasing population and per capita disposable income is expected to drive sales of packaged milk products in future. Moreover, various applications of milk for preparing food products is a factor expected to drive growth of the milk packaging market during the forecast period. Tags #Milk_Processing_Business_Ideas, #How_to_Start_a_Milk_Processing_Plant_in_India, #Milk_Processing, #Milk_Packaging_Business, #Milk_Processing_and_Packaging, Milk Processing Unit, How to Start a Dairy Milk Plant, #Dairy_Processing_and_Packaging, Dairy Products in India, Milk Processing Plant Costs, Processing of Milk in Dairy Industry, Setting up Mini Milk Processing Plant, Milk and Dairy Products, How to Start a Successful Dairy Business, Milk Packaging, Packaging, Storage and Distribution of Processed Milk, Dairy Processing Industry, Small Scale Milk Processing Plant, Milk Processing Business, Dairy Industry, Dairy Products Manufacturing Process Pdf, Business of Milk Packaging, How to Set up a Milk Processing Plant Pdf, Processing of Milk and Milk Products, Milk Processing Plant Layout Pdf, Milk & Dairy Processing and Packaging Plant, Packaging Milk and Milk Products, Ghee Manufacturing, Ghee Production Plant in India, Ghee Manufacturing Unit, Ghee Production Plant, How to Make Ghee, Manufacture of Ghee, Ghee Manufacturing Plant, Production of Ghee, Dairy Product Production, How to Start a Ghee Manufacturing Unit, Ghee Making Unit, Ghee Manufacturing Plant Project Report, Cost of Ghee Processing Business, Project Profile on Dairy Products, Preparation of Khoa, Manufacturing of Khoa, Start a Khoa Making Business, Khoya Making Business, Khoa Production, Production of Cream from Milk, Cream Processing, Dairy Production and Products, Manufacture of Dairy Products, Milk Cream Manufacturing Process, Milk and Cream Processing, Toned Milk, Toned and Double Toned Milk, Shrikhand Manufacturing, Flowchart of Preparation of Shrikhand, Shrikhand Making Business, Shrikhand Manufacture, Thandai Manufacture, Project Report on Milk Packaging and Distribution, #Detailed_Project_Report_on_Milk_Packaging_Business, #Project_Report_on_Milk_Packaging_Business, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Milk Processing Business, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Milk Processing Business, #Feasibility_report_on_Milk_Packaging_Business, Free Project Profile on Milk Packaging Business, #Project_profile_on_Milk_Packaging_Business, Download free project profile on Milk Processing Business
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Bauxite Calcination Plant by Rotary Kiln with Fine Grinding Ball Mill

Bauxite Calcination Plant by Rotary Kiln with Fine Grinding Ball Mill. Refractory Grade Calcined Bauxite Calcined bauxite is produced by sintering/calcining of low iron, low alkali containing raw bauxites at temperatures of 1600 - 1800 degree Celsius. In this calcination process the high refractory mineral phase’s corundum and mullite are formed. Therefore calcined bauxite is one of the most important raw materials for the production of shaped and unshaped refractories for the steel industry, foundries, glass and cement plants. Calcined bauxite is available "run of kiln" i.e. uncrushed or in fractions and as ball milled powder according to customers’ requirements, in bulk or bagged. Calcined Bauxite is obtained by calcining (heating) superior grade Bauxite at high temperature (from 850 oC to 1600 oC). This removes moisture thereby increasing the alumina content. Compared to an alumina content of about 57 % to 58 % in raw Bauxite, Calcined Bauxite has an alumina content of 82 % to 86 %. The heating is carried out in rotary kilns. Calcination is done at different temperatures ranging from 850 oC to 1600 oC depending upon the customer’s application. Calcined bauxite is used in a number of applications: • Refractory Grade Calcined Bauxite (CB - I and CB - II Grade): To make refractory grade, Bauxite is thermally treated at 1600 oC to produce Calcined Bauxite where the Alumina content is mostly above 82%. • Brown Fused Alumina, Proppants and Road Surfacing : To make the above grades, Bauxite is thermally treated at 1000 oC – 1200 oC to produce Calcined Bauxite where the Alumina content is anywhere between 80-88% depending on the requirement. • Anti-skid protection. Calcined Bauxite is an ideal aggregate for anti-skid applications. It is used extensively for vehicle skid prevention and on surfaces requiring additional safety. The bauxite may be trowelled into fresh concrete, added to paints or applied to surfaces using resin cements and adhesives. • Anti-slip protection. This material is ideal for reducing the risk of pedestrians slipping and is used in many industrial, commercial and residential applications. These include pedestrian crosswalks, stairways, factory floors and work zones, sidewalks, ship decks, boat docks, pool decks, bathtubs, and • High friction surface treatment (HFST). HFST is a cost-effective method to reduce skidding and is mainly used to make roadways safer. It is used on horizontal curves and ramps, intersections, steep grades, bridge decks, roundabouts and pavement surfaces. Studies have indicated that the application of HFST reduces vehicle crashes by up to 100%. The material is applied to surfaces using a polymer binder. • Refractories. Refractories are insulating materials that maintain their strength and chemical properties at high temperatures. They are used to line boilers, furnaces, kilns, reactors, and GLM is one of the largest importers of refractory-grade bauxite, using only the highest quality materials for our products. Calcined bauxite is used globally for its anti-skid and high friction properties to make roadways safer. It is a strong and highly durable material, which makes it ideal to prevent slips on factory floors and other surfaces. Calcined Bauxite Benefits • Extreme hardness and wear resistance • High resistance to weathering, abrasion, and polishing • High durability • Chemically stable when exposed to intense heat and acid or alkaline agents Market Outlook India currently imports 60% of its Calcined Bauxite from China. Spurred by expansion of domestic steel production, a scarcity of acceptable quality of bauxite from China and raising import cost, drives are now under way in India to produce high grade bauxite from domestic bauxite sources. At present, India is very minor producer of non-metallurgical bauxite, despite having occurrence of high grade bauxite in west coast and central India. This is attributed to limited effort to test high grade bauxite occurrence in region outside the main bauxite producing area around Gujarat. Demand for calcined bauxite in production of ceramic proppants is expected to grow by more than 5%py out to 2021 as North America and China target greater exploitation of unconventional oil and gas reservoirs. Calcined Bauxite Production: India produces about 400,000 tons of calcined bauxite Global Calcined Bauxite market size will increase to Million US$ by 2025, from Million US$ in 2017, at a CAGR of during the forecast period. Demand for calcined bauxite-based refractories used principally in steel production continues unabated. The majority of standard refractory products incorporate a calcined or fire-treated form of bauxite for their raw material base. China is now also the leading producer of refractories. Outputs tends at about 23m. tonnes. In the present paper, various aspects of calcined bauxite are discussed. India’s present position is compared with leading high grade bauxite producers of World i.e. China and Guyana. Based on various R&D work, proposals are put forward to produce high grade bauxite in India by complex mining / sorting and beneficiation. Bauxite and Alumina in Refractories • World Refractories production ~39 million T • Calcined Bauxite 1.6 million T • BFA 1.2 million T Requires 1.4million T Calcined Bauxite • Alumina 1.9 Million Tonnes – Tabular, WFA, CAC, calcined, spinel, mullite, Ceramic Fibres • Refractory clays and Magnesia still largest Tags Calcined Bauxite, Refractory Calcined Bauxite, Bauxite, Calcined, Calcination, Calcination of Bauxite, Refractory Bauxite Products, Calcined Bauxite Manufacture, Refractory Grade Calcined Bauxite, Refractory & Abrasive Grade Calcined Bauxite, Refractory Grade Bauxite, Calcined Bauxite Production, Calcined Bauxite Uses, Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing Plant, Manufacturing of Calcined Bauxite, Bauxite Calcination Plant, Bauxite Calcination Plant Cost, Calcined Bauxite Project, Profitable Calcined Bauxite Project, Calcined Bauxite Plant, Calcined Bauxite Processing, Production Cost of Calcined Bauxite, Bauxite Calcination Plant Grinding By Ball Mill, Grinding Bauxite Calcinations, Calcined Bauxite Grinding Balls, Bauxite Refractory Process Calcination, Project Report on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Bauxite Calcination Plant Grinding By Ball Mill, Project Report on Bauxite Calcination Plant, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Bauxite Calcination Plant Grinding By Ball Mill, Feasibility report on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing, Free Project Profile on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing, Project profile on Bauxite Calcination Plant, Download free project profile on Bauxite Calcination Plant, Bauxite Calcination Rotary kiln plant, Rotary Kiln Calcination Plant, Bauxite Rotary Kiln Calcined, Rotary Kiln Calcined Bauxite for Refractory Industry
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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