Google Search

Search

Already a Member ?

Best Business Opportunities in Punjab- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Food and Agro Processing: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

Food processing involves any type of value addition to agricultural or horticultural produce and also includes processes such as grading, sorting and packaging which enhance shelf life of food products. The food processing industry provides vital linkages and synergies between industry and agriculture. The Food Processing Industry sector in India is one of the largest in terms of production, consumption, export and growth prospects. The government has accorded it a high priority, with a number of fiscal reliefs and incentives, to encourage commercialization and value addition to agricultural produce, for minimizing pre/post harvest wastage, generating employment and export growth. India's food processing sector covers a wide range of products fruit and vegetables; meat and poultry; milk and milk products, alcoholic beverages, fisheries, plantation, grain processing and other consumer product groups like confectionery, chocolates and cocoa products, Soya-based products, mineral water, high protein foods etc.

RESOURCES:

Punjab is a land of boundless opportunity for agro based industry. Punjab State with only 1.5 per cent geographical area of country produces 22 per cent of wheat; 12 per cent of rice and 12 per cent of cotton in the country. Priority is also being given to sugarcane, oil seeds, horticulture and forestry. The cropping intensity of the State is more than 186% and has earned it a name of food basket and granary of India. Despite rising commodity prices and the financial meltdown, the food processing industry in Punjab is bullish on growth and has lined up new launches. Fruits and vegetables which is grown in Punjab are orange, mango, grape, pear, peach, litchi, lemon, tomato, potato, cabbage, cauliflower, brinjal, and many more. National Productivity Council of India after a survey found that in Punjab availability of crop residue is of the order of 31.5 million tons. The major crop residues are rice straw, wheat straw and cotton stalk. In addition to that industrial residue/by product such as rice husk and bagasse is also available. Approximately 2 million tons of these two products are generated every year.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) is a ministry of the Government of India is responsible for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to food processing in India. The ministry was set up in the year 1988, with a view to develop a strong and vibrant food processing industry, to create increased employment in rural sector and enable farmers to reap the benefits of modern technology and to create a of surplus for exports and stimulating demand for processed food.

•        Custom duty rates have been substantially reduced on food processing plant and equipments, as well as on raw materials and intermediates, especially for export production.

•        Wide-ranging fiscal policy changes have been introduced progressively in food processing sector. Excise and Import duty rates have been reduced substantially. Many processed food items are totally exempt from excise duty.

•        Corporate taxes have been reduced and there is a shift towards market related interest rates. There are tax incentives for new manufacturing units for certain years, except for industries like beer, wine, aerated water using flavouring concentrates, confectionery, chocolates etc.

•        Indian currency, rupee, is now fully convertible on current account and convertibility on capital account with unified exchange rate mechanism is foreseen in coming years.

•        Repatriation of profits is freely permitted in many industries except for some, where there is an additional requirement of balancing the dividend payments through export earnings.

 

Automotives: Project Opportunities in Punjab

 

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the sixth largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units in 2010. As of 2010, India is home to 40 million passenger vehicles. More than 3.7 million automotive vehicles were produced in India in 2010 (an increase of 33.9%), making the country the second fastest growing automobile market in the world.

RESOURCES:

The auto-components industry of India is likely to grow rapidly, given its global competitiveness, and this has strong implications for employment and income generation in Punjab. Punjab has an automotive component industry which caters largely to the lower value replacement market. This is partly the result of no significant automotive producer having set up manufacturing base in the state since the economic reforms were launched in India in 1991. The state government must adopt an imaginative plan to attract modern automotive components manufacturers to set up capacity in the state, while at the same time seeking large scale investments in the automotive sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

·          The auto-components industry of India is likely to grow rapidly, given its global competitiveness, and this has strong implications for employment and income generation in Punjab. Punjab has an automotive component industry which caters largely to the lower value replacement market. This is partly the result of no significant automotive producer having set up manufacturing base in the state since the economic reforms were launched in India in 1991. The state government must adopt an imaginative plan to attract modern automotive components manufacturers to set up capacity in the state, while at the same time seeking large scale investments in the automotive sector.

 

Dairy: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

India is the world's highest milk producer and all set to become the world's largest food factory. Milk production alone involves more than 70 million producers, each raising one or two cows/ buffaloes primarily for milk production. The domesticated water buffalo is one of the gentlest of all farm animals; hence it can be breeded easily. The dairy sector offers a good opportunity to entrepreneurs in India.

RESOURCES:

The primary source of milk and other dairy products in Punjab is the buffalo. The state ranks at the top in the country in the availability of milk after Haryana and Gujarat. Punjab plans 100 dairies to promote dairy farming. In an effort to promote dairy farming in the state, the Government of Punjab is planning to open 100 commercial dairies to increase milk production, thus paving the way for White Revolution.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Liberalisation of the economy – dairy sector open for investment by private and foreign players

•        Abolition of the Quantitative

•        Restrictions on import of dairy products

•        Per capita consumption of milk products below international average – scope of increasing consumption

•        Amendment of the Milk and Milk Products Order (MMPO) – no restrictions on capacity installation and expansion

•        Amendment in Cold Storage Act (No licenses needed for establishing refrigerated and cold chain units for dairy products)

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Punjab

 

PROFILE

The Biotechnology sector in India is one of the fastest growing sectors of the Indian Economy. As the sector is mainly based on knowledge, it is expected that it will play an important part in shaping the Indian Economy, which is developing at a rapid pace. The Indian Biotechnology sector holds immense potential in terms of research and development, skill and cost effectiveness. As per the eight annual survey by the Association of Biotechnology-led enterprise (ABLE) and a monthly journal, Bio-Spectrum, the sector grew threefold in five years and reported a revenue of US$ 3 billion during 2009-2011 with a 17 per cent rise as compared to the previous year.

RESOURCES

Punjab's strong agricultural base presents an opportunity for leveraging it to develop the biotechnology industry in the state. The Government of Punjab has taken significant initiatives to promote biotechnology related R&D in the state.

 Two centres which form the nucleus of the biotech research in the region are the Institute for Microbial Technology (IMTECH) in Chandigarh which takes up research in microbial bio-processing and the Central same. In addition, it is also supporting the Scientific and Industrial organization (CSIO) which has been developing a number of biotech based diagnostic kits.

 The state is developing a biotechnology park in the suburbs of Chandigarh to nurture commercially viable leads through companies. Its facilities will include a biotech incubator for research and development, pilot testing and other validation facilities. The park aims to attract Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) to the cluster and contribute to overall R&D in the sector. The Punjab State Council for Science and Technology will act as the single window agency for setting up business in the biotech park.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The State Govt. notified its IT-BT Policy in 2003 as part of the Industrial Policy under which special incentives are being given to promote the growth of biotech industry such as:

•        Minimum floor rates of Sales Tax.

•        No restriction on movement of capital equipment. 

•        No octroi on biotech items. 

•        Availability of power at industrial (and not commercial) power tariff.

•        Exemption from Electricity Duty.

•        Uninterrupted power supply.

 

Pharmaceuticals: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILES:

The Pharmaceutical industry in India is the world's third-largest in terms of volume and stands 14th in terms of value. The Indian pharmaceuticals market is expected to reach US$ 55 billion in 2020 from US$ 12.6 billion in 2009. The pharmaceutical industry in India meets around 70% of the country's demand for bulk drugs, drug intermediates, pharmaceutical formulations, chemicals, tablets, capsules, orals and injectibles. There are about 250 large units and about 8000 Small Scale Units, which form the core of the pharmaceutical industry in India (including 5 Central Public Sector Units). These units produce the complete range of pharmaceutical formulations, i.e., medicines ready for consumption by patients and about 350 bulk drugs, i.e., chemicals having therapeutic value and used for production of pharmaceutical formulations.

 

RESOURCES:

Punjab has one of the largest Indian pharmaceutical companies domiciled in the state and has several other companies engaged in the business. There are several colleges for training skilled manpower required for the pharmaceutical industry. The state government must focus on enlarging the pharmaceutical and personal hygiene industrial product space in Punjab.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Industrial licensing for the manufacture of all drugs and pharmaceuticals has been abolished except for bulk drugs produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, bulk drugs requiring in-vivo use of nucleic acids, and specific cell/tissue targeted formulations.

•        Reservation of 5 drugs for manufacture by the public sector only was abolished in Feb. 1999, thus opening them up for manufacture by the private sector also.

•        Foreign investment through automatic route was raised from 51% to 74% in March, 2000 and the same has been raised to 100%.

•        Automatic approval for Foreign Technology Agreements is being given in the case of all bulk drugs, their intermediates and formulations except those produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, for which the procedure prescribed by the Government would be followed.

•        Drugs and pharmaceuticals manufacturing units in the public sector are being allowed to face competition including competition from imports. Wherever possible, these units are being privatized.

•        Extending the facility of weighted deductions of 150% of the expenditure on in-house research and development to cover as eligible expenditure, the expenditure on filing patents, obtaining regulatory approvals and clinical trials besides R&D in biotechnology.

•        Introduction of the Patents (Second Amendment) bill in the Parliament. It, inter-alia, provides for the extension in the life of a patent to 20 years.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILES:

India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. India textile industry largely depends upon the textile manufacturing and export. It also plays a major role in the economy of the country. India earns about 27% of its total foreign exchange through textile exports. Further, the textile industry of India also contributes nearly 14% of the total industrial production of the country. It also contributes around 3% to the GDP of the country. India textile industry is also the largest in the country in terms of employment generation. It not only generates jobs in its own industry, but also opens up scopes for the other ancillary sectors. India textile industry currently generates employment to more than 35 million people.

RESOURCES:

Punjab is a major grower of cotton and has a long established industry of cotton spinning and weaving. The Textile Industry is also one of the largest provider of employment and accounts of almost 60% of industrial employment in the State of Punjab. It has been noted that even with high level of mechanisation, the chances of machine replacing human are minimum in the sector due to essential skill requirement. The textiles industry of Punjab already has wool and acrylic fibre base.  To sustain the thrust on textiles, some balance with manmade and blended fibre products will have to be maintained to cater to an expanding market for manmade and blended textiles. It provides employment opportunity to semi literates and lower section of the society where the incident of unemployment is most glaring. Most importantly the Textile Sector is one of the biggest employment providing sectors to women. Hence any boost to Textile Industry will definitely provide and offer opportunity of large number of employment to the youths in the State of Punjab.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Punjab, the land of five rivers and yellow fields, is a favourite tourist destination. It has an integrated cultural history consisting of ancient monuments, religious places, museums and royal palaces like Quila Mubarak. It also has wild life sanctuaries with a rare site of migratory birds. The major places of tourist interest are:- Golden Temple, Durgiana Mandir, Jallianwala bagh in Amritsar; Takhat Sri Kesgarh Sahib and Khalsa Heritage Complex at Anandpur Sahib; Bhakra Dam, Qila Androon and Moti Bagh Palace at Patiala; Wetland at Harike Pattan Sanghol for archaeological importance and Sodal Temple at Jalandhar commemorative Maharishi Balmiki Heritage, etc.

        Tourism in the State is a source of substantial revenues; employment generation; up gradation of human skills; creation of infrastructure, thus helping in the development of all other sectors of an economy. Since tourism is a composite sector, its growth requires participation of private investors at different levels. For this purpose, the State Government has also announced a tourism policy with the aim of developing tourism as a major industry of Punjab, by providing leadership and strategic direction.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

In Punjab, growth of population, industrialization and urbanization has resulted in generation of large volumes of solid waste. The total amount of collected solid waste from the districts includes 1108012.25 MT of municipal waste and 6695.57 MT of bio-medical waste (PPCB as cited in Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 2007). The factors contributing to the generation of solid waste are:

•      The state has registered 45% increase in its population during the last decades.

•      The state is the 7th most urbanized state in the country with urban population increasing to 33.95% against a national average of 27.8%.

•      The state has two (Ludhiana & Amritsar) cities with more than 1 million population.

•        The state supports a large number of floating populations from other states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.

•      Most of the solid waste is presently disposed of on land and remains uncovered resulting in environmental pollution of surrounding area.

•        The change in life style towards consumes and discard culture is responsible for adding to municipal solid waste and changing waste composition. It also adds pressure on the existing municipal solid waste handling infrastructure, as well as, disposal sites.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.

Page 80 of 247 | Total 2470 projects in this category
« Previous   Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 .... 80 246 247   Next »

Add multiple items to inquiry
Select the items and then press Add to inquiry button

Select all | Clear all Sort by

Grease & Lube Oil Blending Plant

Grease & Lube Oil Blending Plant. Lubricants & Greases Manufacturing Business. Lube Oil Blending and Filling Plant. Lubrication is simply the use of a material to improve the smoothness if movement of one surface over another; the material which is used in this way is called a lubricant. Lubricants are usually liquids or semi-liquids, but may be solids or gases or any combination of solids, liquids, and gases. Lubricant is a substance which is used to control (more often to reduce) friction and wear of the surfaces in a contact of the bodies in relative motion. Depending on its nature, lubricants are also used to eliminate heat and wear debris, supply additives into the contact, transmit power, protect, seal. A lubricant can be in liquid (oil, water, etc.), solid (graphite, graphene, and molybdenum disulfide), gaseous (air) or even semisolid (grease) forms. Most of the lubricants contain additives (5-30%) to improve their performance. Lubricating oil creates a separating film between surfaces of adjacent moving parts to minimize direct contact between them, decreasing heat caused by friction and reducing wear. Lubricating oils are specially formulated oils that reduce friction between moving parts and help maintain mechanical parts. Lubricating oil is a thick fatty oil used to make the parts of a machine move smoothly. Lubricating oil, sometimes simply called lubricant/lube, is a class of oils used to reduce the friction, heat, and wear between mechanical components that are in contact with each other. Lubricating oil is used in motorized vehicles, where it is known specifically as motor oil and transmission fluid. Applications of Lubricants: Lubricants are primarily used to reduce friction stress between surfaces. They have the following uses: • As antiwear, antioxidants, and antifoaming agents. • As demulsifying and emulsifying agents. • As rust and corrosion inhibitors. • In machinery as engine oils, compressor oils, gear oils, and piston oils. • As hydraulic, brake, and gear box fluids. • Used in the soap and paint industries. • Some specific uses of certain variants of lubricants are: • Synthetic lubricants are used in turbines, vacuum pumps, and semiconductor devices. • Molybdenum is used as a paint pigment and as a catalyst. • Liquid lubricants are used in medicines. Lubricants are also used as cutting fluids in many industries. Oil, water, and oil emulsion are used as cutting fluids. These liquids are used to cool as well as to lubricate surfaces. Emulsions of oil in water are most widely used as cutting fluids. Lubricants are also used as cutting fluids in cutting, grinding, trading, and drilling of the metals. Cutting fluids are used in machining operations where friction is very high because of close contact between the work piece and the tool. This high friction generates a large amount of local heat and the tool is overheated and may even lose its temper and hardness. As a result, liquids, such as lubricating oils, water, or water emulsions are used on working parts of the machines. The use of lubricating oils in vehicles is vital to their operation. When an engine is properly lubricated, it needs to put less work into moving pistons as the pistons glide easily. In the long run, this means that the car is able to operate while using less fuel and run at a lower temperature. Overall, the proper use of lubricating oil in a car improves efficiency and reduces the amount of wear and tear on moving engine parts. Grease A grease is best thought of as a sponge full of oil, with the sponge being the “base“ or thickener. It holds the oil and additives in place and gives the grease the basic characteristics such as drop point and water resistance. The oil content, typically 80-90% of the grease, provides most of the lubrication performance. To achieve the desired characteristics of a grease, careful selection of base lubricating oil viscosity, base type additives and fillers is essential. When Are Greases Used Greases are generally used in place of oil in the following situations: • The manufacturer specifies a grease and a lubricant is not required for cooling. • Where the grease acts as a seal to prevent entry of contaminants or loss of lubricant. • Soft grease can be used in place of oils in gearboxes with worn or ineffective seal or where oils would be thrown off the bearing surfaces or leak past seals. • Lubrication points can only be reached during maintenance shutdowns. • It is important to maintain lubricant in the bearing area during periods of prolonged shutdowns or frequent stop-start operations (oil drains away when a machine is stopped but a grease does not). • Where noise reduction is important. • To decrease the frequency of lubrication. • In worn bearings previously lubricated by oil to reduce noise and extend useful life. • Resists leakage, dripping or undesirable throw off. • The main advantage of grease over a fluid are its potentially longer life convenience and ease of application. Market Outlook The main role of a lubricant is to reduce friction between metal surfaces, leading to reduction of heat generation and ultimately to the protection of the parts. Lubricants play an important role in a variety of automotive, commercial and industrial applications such as automotive, manufacturing, power generation and marine. Automotive vehicles require engine oils, transmission fluids, brake fluids and greases. The main role of a lubricant is to reduce friction between metal surfaces, leading to reduction of heat generation and ultimately to the protection of the parts. Lubricants play an important role in a variety of automotive, commercial and industrial applications such as automotive, manufacturing, power generation and marine. Automotive vehicles require engine oils, transmission fluids, brake fluids and greases. A total of 64,585 KL of lubricants, worth of LKR 26.11 billion were sold during the year 2016, up 11.4 % compared to the total sales (quantity) of the year 2015. Lubricant consumption in India stood at around 2.9 million MT during 2013-14, registering a healthy growth rate of 7.6% during 2008-13; the market was valued at around INR 260 billion. Automotive lubricants account for around 47% of the lubricant usage in India; industrial lubes and process oils together account for the rest. Currently, USA is the largest consumer of lubricant oil across the world. China and India comes at second and third position respectively. The consumption pattern In Indian lubricant oil industry is similar to world lube industry. Majority of lubricant is being consumed by automobile sector (55%), rest is being used for Industrial purpose and marine industry. Industrial lubricants are majorly used in the core industrial sectors such as spamming cement, coal, steel, engineering, sugar, marine, defense, railways, power, surface transport, fertilizer and others. The business is driven by growth in infrastructure investments, manufacturing, mining sector and increased manufacturing exports. In this segment demand for high performance lubricants are driven by applications such as compressors, textile machinery windmills, captive power plants and others. One of the essentials in lubricant science is world-class technology. Lubricant technology is driven by the changing needs of the customers and stakeholders. As the global lubricants market volume expected to grow from an estimated 38,635.3 KT in 2014 to 42,780.7 KT by 2019, with a CAGR of 2.4 per cent between 2014 and 2019, India is set to put its foots into the path of economic growth as well. Automotive is the largest and fastest-growing end-use industry for grease. The passenger vehicles and commercial vehicles are driving the demand for high performance grease in the automotive industry. In the automotive industry, grease is extensively used in various auto parts such as wheel bearings, universal joints, suspensions, gears, switches, and connectors because of their excellent properties such as mechanical stability, temperature tolerance, water resistance, and anti-oxidants. The need for high performance grease is rising in the increasing manufacturing of machines and equipment for end-use industries. Industrial greases market trails the GDP due to their widespread application in manufacturing of goods and automotive maintenance operations. Due to the surge in manufacturing in Asia Pacific, the industrial greases market in the region is estimated to witness growth, expanding at a CAGR of 6.3% between 2015 and 2021 in terms of revenue. With the anticipated increase in manufacturing in China in the coming years, the demand for industrial greases in the country is expected to rise between 2015 and 2021. With the rising operating time of machines and greater speed of operations, the need for industrial greases is expected to increase by 2021. Besides, with increase in mechanization of manufacturing activities in developed regions such as North America and Europe, demand for industrial greases is anticipated to increase in these markets. Tags Lube Oil Blending Plant, Lubricants Blending Plant (Lubricants/Grease), Grease & Lube Oil Blending Plant, Lubricants Blending Process, Lubricants and Greases Manufacturing Plant, Lubricants and Greases, Blending Plant, Lubricant and Grease Blending Company, Project Report on Grease Manufacturing, Grease Manufacturing Unit, Industrial Oils and Greases? Blending Plant, Lube Oil Blending Plant and Filling Line, Lubricating Oil Blending Plant and Production Line, Lube Oil Filling Plant, Oil Blending Plant, How Lubricating Oil is Made, Lube Oil Blending, Lubricants & Greases Manufacturing Plant, Lube Blending Plant, Pre-Feasibility Report on Small Scale Lube Oil Blending Plant, Lubricant Blending Process, Process for Making Blended Lubricant, How are Lubricants Produced, Lubricant Blending, Manufacturing of Lubricant Oil, Lubricating Oils and Greases, Lube & Grease Oil Blending Plant and Filling Plant, Manufacture of Oils and Greases, Grease Blending Plant, How to Start Grease Blending Company, Grease Plant, Grease Manufacturing Plant, Blending Plant in India, Grease Manufacturing Plant, Lubricating Oil and Grease Manufacturing, Grease Manufacturing Project Report, Lubricant Blending project ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small scale industries projects ideas, Lube Oil Blending Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project profile on small scale industries, How to Start Lubricating Oil Blending Plant Industry in India, Lubricating Oil Blending Projects, New project profile on Lubricant and Grease Blending industries, Project Report on Lube Oil Blending Industry, Detailed Project Report on Lube Oil Blending, Project Report on Lubricant and Grease Blending Plant, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Lubricating Oil Blending Plant, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Lubricating Oil Blending Plant, Feasibility report on Lubricant and Grease Blending Plant, Free Project Profile on Lube Oil Blending, Project profile on Lube Oil Blending, Download free project profile on Lube Oil Blending, Industrial Project Startup Project for Lubricant Blending Process
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Profitable Business Ideas in India for Starting Macaroni, Vermicelli, Noodles and Instant Noodles with Tastemaker Business

Vermicelli Vermicelli is a traditional type of pasta round in section similar to spaghetti. In Italy vermicelli is slightly thicker than spaghetti, but in the United States it is instead slightly thinner. Vermicelli is very fine, long strands of pasta – like a skinny spaghetti – often used in soups. The name means ‘little worms’ in Italian (though in America, it is described more ethereally 'angel hair' pasta). It is available fresh or dried. Fideo is a type of short vermicelli pasta, originally produced in Europe, particularly Spain that spread to Mexican and Latin American cuisine. It is commonly used in chicken soup and in sopa seca, a type of side-dish. Vermicelli is a popular instant food product. It falls under the category of extruded product and is made from wheat flour. At times tapioca or soybean or groundnut flour is also added. Thus, it is rich in proteins and liked by people from all walks of life, irrespective of age. It is basically a snack food item and at times it is also used as a table enricher. With changing lifestyles, greater awareness about health and preference for instant food items have made vermicelli very popular and an item of mass consumption. Noodles Noodles are one of the staple foods consumed in many Asian countries. Instant noodles have become internationally recognized food, and worldwide consumption is on the rise. The properties of instant noodles like taste, nutrition, convenience, safety, longer shelf-life, and reasonable price have made them popular. Quality factors important for instant noodles are color, flavor, and texture, cooking quality, rehydration rates during final preparation, and the presence or absence of rancid taste after extended storage. The origin of noodles has been disputed. Claims have been made that the noodle was of Chinese, Arabian and European origin. A Nature article claimed the oldest evidence of noodle consumption was from 4,000 years ago in China. While long, thin strips may be the most common, many varieties of noodles are cut into waves, helices, tubes, strings, or shells, or folded over, or cut into other shapes. Noodles are usually cooked in boiling water, sometimes with cooking oil or salt added. They are often pan-fried or deep-fried. Noodles are often served with an accompanying sauce or in a soup. Noodles can be refrigerated for short-term storage, or dried and stored for future use. Instant Noodles Instant noodles are sold in a precooked and dried noodle block, with flavoring powder and/or seasoning oil. The flavoring is usually in a separate packet, although in the case of cup noodles the flavoring is often loose in the cup. Some instant noodle products are seal packed; these can be reheated or eaten straight from the packet/container. Dried noodle blocks are cooked or soaked in boiling water before eating. The main ingredients used in dried noodles are usually wheat flour, palm oil, and salt. Common ingredients in the flavoring powder are salt, monosodium glutamate, seasoning, and sugar. The dried noodle block was originally created by flash frying cooked noodles, and this is still the main method used in Asian countries, but air-dried noodle blocks are favored in Western countries. Instant noodles are made from wheat flour, starch, water, salt or kan sui (an alkaline salt mixture of sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, and sodium phosphate), and other ingredients that improve the texture and flavor of noodles. Other flours may be mixed with wheat flour to make specific types of instant noodles; for example, buckwheat flour is added at 10-40% of wheat flour in the production of buckwheat noodles or soba. The popular noodles include instant Chinese noodles, instant Japanese noodles, and instant European style noodles, which vary in the basic ingredients used to make the noodles. Instant Chinese noodles use kan sui, whereas instant Japanese noodles do not, and the European style noodles often are made with semolina (a coarse ground product of durum wheat). Market Survey The global demand for instant noodles is expected to reach 145.8 billion packs by 2020, driven by the rising trend of convenience food in emerging markets. India takes a major share of this demand, ranking fifth in terms of the global demand for instant noodles after China, Indonesia, Japan and Vietnam. India is the world’s second largest producer of food next to China but accounts for less than 1.5% of International food trade. The Indian food sector is poised for a rapid growth and has potential to become reliable outsourcing partner in the food industry given its strength in primary food sector. India is the most attractive Instant Noodles market in the world. Instant Noodles market matured in India over the years but still it is limited to few players. Vermicelli is a very common food item and is manufactured mostly in unorganized sector. Majority of its products lie on cottage scale and they feed the local and adjoining market. Hence, it is always advisable to set up this industry near the big cities. Tags Making of Spaghetti and Macaroni, Macaroni Manufacturing, How to Make Pasta, Macaroni Making, Pasta Making, Macaroni Making Process, Manufacturing of Vermicelli and Macaroni, Pasta Production Process, Making of Pasta, Macaroni Pasta Production, Pasta Manufacturing, Production of Pasta, Dry Pasta Manufacturing, Preparation of Vermicelli and Noodles, Short Pasta Macaroni Making, Macaroni Production Process, How is Pasta Made, Pasta Manufacturing Process, Pasta Production, Macaroni Pasta Manufacturing Process, Vermicelli Production Process, Vermicelli Production, Making of Vermicelli, Vermicelli Production, Vermicelli Making, Noodles Making , Vermicelli Processing, Vermicelli ,Macaroni, Pasta Making, Noodles Processing, Instant Noodle Production, Noodles Manufacturing, Noodle Production, How to Make Noodles, Process Making Cup Noodles, Noodle Making Process, Fresh Noodle Production, Instant Noodles Manufacturing, How to Prepare Noodles, Instant Noodle Manufacture, Process of Full Instant Noodle, Instant Noodles Processing, Instant Noodle Maker, Instant Noodle Processing, Dried Noodles Production, Pasta/Macaroni making, Fresh Noodle Making, Fresh Noodle Processing, Process of Noodles, Semi-Dried Fresh Noodle Making, Dry Noodles Production, How to make Fresh Pasta, How are Noodles Produced, Instant Noodle Making, Instant Noodles Making, Noodles Manufacturing Business, How to Manufacture Instant Noodles, Making Money from Instant Noodles, Instant Noodles Production, Instant Noodle Business, Noodles Manufacturing Process, Noodles Manufacturing Business Plan, Macaroni, Vermicelli & Noodles Manufacturing, Small Scale Business in Manufacturing Noodles, How to Manufacture Instant Noodles, Pasta Manufacturing Business, Pasta Manufacturing Business, Process of Instant Noodles, How are Noodles Made, Processing of Vermicelli, Production of Vermicelli, Production and Processing of Vermicelli, How to Become a Fresh Pasta Manufacturer, Start Fresh Pasta Business, A Vermicelli Making Business, Profitable Small Business Manufacturing Ideas for Noodle Making, Business Manufacturing Ideas for Instant Noodles, Opening a Noodles Business, Manufacturing Business Plan For Noodles, Opening Business Plans For Instant Noodles, Processing of Vermicelli, Vermicelli Making Process, Process of Manufacturing Vermicelli
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Sugar Manufacturing Industry

Sugar Manufacturing Industry. Mini Sugar Plant. Sugarcane Mill. How Cane Sugar is processed? Manufacturing Project of Sugar Mill. Sugar can be produced from sugarcane, sugar-beet or any other crop having sugar content. But in India, sugarcane is the main source of sugar. At present, this is the second largest agro-based industry of India after cotton textile industry. This industry involves a total capital investment of Rs. 1,250 crore and provides employment to 2.86 lakh workers. In addition, 2.50 crore sugarcane growers also get benefit from this industry. India has a long tradition of manufacturing sugar. Sugar industry is an important agro-based industry that impacts rural livelihood of about 50 million sugarcane farmers and around 5 lakh workers directly employed in sugar mills. India is the second largest producer of sugar in the world after Brazil and is also the largest consumer. Indian sugar industry is a critical industry, as on one hand it services the domestic market, the largest in the world and on the other hand, it supports 50 million farmers and their families. It is the second largest agro based industry in India. Sugar industry in India occupies a distinctive position in the economic and social fabric of the economy. It is playing a pivotal role especially in the upliftment of the rural economy. Future Growth of India sugar market is expected to be led by increasing sugarcane yield, rising demand of sugar by the consumers and increasing sugar recovery rate. The sugar industry in India has witnessed a growth in recent years on account of rising number of sugar factories in the country as well as the increasing sugarcane yield in the country. The surge in growth of the industry is majorly originated from the rising sugar demand by the consumers as well as the institutional sector and also forms the increasing expenditure on food and beverages. The sugar market in terms of revenues has grown at a CAGR of 5% from FY’2010-FY’2015. The sugar industry is expected to grow at a rate of ~%, doubling its worth to INR ~ lakh Crore by 2018. The sugar market in India will grow at a respectable rate due to the increasing sugarcane yield and dropping sugar prices. The Indian sugar industry that has already started talking of a record sugar production of almost 29-30 million tonnes in the 2018-19 crop marketing year that will start from October next year. Today Indian sugar industry’s annual output is worth approximately Rs.80, 000 crores. There are 732 installed sugar factories in the country as on 31.07.2017, with sufficient crushing capacity to produce around 339 lakh MT of sugar. The capacity is roughly distributed equally between private sector units and cooperative sector units. Top 10 Sugarcane Producing States in India: 2014-2015 1 Uttar Pradesh 2 Maharashtra 3 Karnataka 4 Tamil Nadu 5 Bihar 6 Gujarat 7 Andhra Pradesh+ Telangana 8 Haryana 9 Punjab 10 Uttarakhand Sugar (Centrifugal) Producers 1. Brazil: 37,800 2. India; 26,605 3. European Union: 16,010 4. China: 14,263 5. Thailand: 11,333 6. United States: 7,672 7. Mexico: 6,383 8. Pakistan: 5,215 9. Australia: 4,400 10. Russia: 4,400 Tags Sugar Manufacturing Industry in India, Sugar Manufacturing Plant, Manufacturing of Sugar in Industry, Sugar Making Business, Sugar Production from Cane Sugar, How is Sugar Made from Sugarcane, Sugar Production Process, Sugar Manufacturing Process, Sugar Production Plant, Sugar Manufacturing Process, Manufacture of Sugar from Sugarcane, Sugar Production, Sugar Industry in India, Sugar Manufacturing Business, Process of Sugar Manufacturing Business, How Sugar is Processed, Sugar Industry Business Plan, Sugar Mill Business Plan, Start Sugar Manufacturing Business, How to Open Sugar Mill, What is the Minimum Capital Required to Start Sugar Mill, Mini Sugar Plant, Sugar Production Business Plan, Indian Sugar Industry, Sugar Manufacturing Company, Sugar Plant in India, How to Start Sugar Factory, Sugar Manufacturing Factory, Sugar Production Unit, Setting Up Sugar Factory, How do I Start Sugar Factory? How Sugar is made? Sugar Manufacturing project ideas, Sugar Production from Sugarcane, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small scale industries projects ideas, Sugar Manufacturing Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project profile on small scale industries, How to Start Sugar Manufacturing Industry in India, Sugar Manufacturing Projects, New project profile on Sugar Manufacturing industries, Project Report on Sugar Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Sugar Production, Project Report on Sugar Production from Sugarcane, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Sugar Manufacturing, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Sugar Production, Feasibility report on Sugar Production from Sugarcane, Free Project Profile on Sugar Production from Sugarcane, Project profile on Sugar Production, Download free project profile on Sugar Production from Sugarcane, Startup Project for Sugar Production
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Production of Mosquito Repellent Coil

Production of Mosquito Repellent Coil. Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing Project. Mosquito Coil Composition. Mosquito Repellent Industry A mosquito coil essentially is an incense like the ones that are used in aromatherapy as well as in different religious rituals only this one is used for repelling mosquitoes. Mosquito coils are burned indoors and outdoors in regions like Asia, Africa, and South America. Mosquito coils consist of an insecticide/repellant, organic fillers capable of burning with smoldering, binder, and additives such as synergists, dyes, and fungicide. Mosquitoes need to be exterminated using with right tools and little bit of effort. Mosquito coil is mosquito-repelling incense, usually shaped into a spiral, and typically made from a dried paste of pyrethrum powder. The coil is usually held at the center of the spiral, suspending it in the air, or wedged by two pieces of fireproof nettings to allow continuous smoldering. Burning usually begins at the outer end of the spiral and progresses slowly toward the centre of the spiral, producing a mosquito-repellent smoke. Insecticides are used either for killing or controlling of harmful insects. The insecticides which are applied for repelling insects are termed as “Repellent”. Mosquito is one of the most harmful insects for mankind. To destroy them many preparations are available in the market in various recipies like pest killer spray, soap, oil, powder, repellent etc. Out of these, mosquito repellent is the most popular as it has germicidal and disinfectant properties and is able to repel mosquitoes and is convenient to use. Mosquito coil is used for repelling and killing of household insects like mosquitoes, flies and garden insects. Because of the pyrethrin contained in it, the mosquitoes usually die in its vicinity. Now-a-days repellents are applied by heating impregnated mat over an electrical device, under low temperature which is known as mosquito repellent mats. Simple type of repellent mats is prepared by soaking mats of paper pulp in repellent chemical compound and proper drying. The automatic mosquito coil-manufacturing machine has materialized mass production by getting rid of various restrictions in manufacture. Synthesized pyrethrin, on the other hand, has enabled production of the material of the coils freely while pyrethrum had a limitation in its harvest. These may well be called the technical innovations of the mosquito coil manufacturing industry. Methods of Mosquito Control Mosquito-borne diseases affect millions of people worldwide each year. The bite of a mosquito can result in anything from a skin irritation to contracting malaria. Clearly, mosquitoes are not just a nuisance, but also potentially harmful therefore special products like mosquito repellent used to combat mosquitoes are required. Each of the products used for mosquito control have varying degrees of effectiveness, and it is important to know which may be better than other. Market Outlook The mosquito repellent market is one of the rapidly growing vibrant markets in FMCG sector India. Due to increase awareness regarding vector borne disease, the demand for mosquito repellent products like coils, strips, liquid vaporizers, etc are rising than before, thereby providing high momentum to the Indian Mosquito repellent market. India mosquito repellent market is projected to reach $ 800 million by 2021. The market is expected to witness growth on account of rising disposable incomes coupled with growing awareness among consumers and easy availability of mosquito repellents on the back of robust distribution network. Moreover, rise in literacy rates is also expected to drive the demand for mosquito repellents over the next five years. Mosquito repellent market can be broadly categorized into Coils, Vaporizers, Mats, Sprays, Creams and Other mosquito repellents. Western region dominated the market with a share of 30%, in value terms, in 2015 and is anticipated to remain dominant through 2022. The region is expected to retain its market share due to high levels of literacy and awareness among consumers, coupled with presence of a robust and synchronized retail network that ensures easy availability of a wide variety of mosquito repellents. “Increasing consumer awareness, growing number of government initiatives, rise in consumer spending on health expenditure coupled with increase in rising demand for consumer friendly, non-toxic products like mosquito repelling clothes and perfumes are expected to continue boosting demand for mosquito repellents in India over the next five years. The world mosquito repellent market is expected to register notable growth in the near future attributed to rise in incidence of mosquito-borne diseases and global warming, which facilitates breeding of mosquitoes. Other factors that drive the market are rising health awareness, government initiatives for mosquito control, and affordable cost of repellents. The world mosquito repellent market has been segmented on the basis of product type, distribution channel, and geography. On the basis of product type, the market is categorized into spray, coil, cream & oil, mat, vaporizer and other products. The coil segment dominates the global market in terms of revenue owing to their extensive use by the middle and lower income groups across various developing and rural regions of the world. Cream & oil is emerging as the largest segment due to their increasing availability with herbal ingredients. Tags Production of Mosquitoes Repellants Coils, Mosquito Coil and Process for Producing, How Mosquito Repellent is Made, Process for Manufacture of Mosquito Coil, How to Make Mosquito Coil, Mosquito Coil Making Formula, Mosquito Coil Composition and Process, Mosquito Coil Making Process, Mosquito Coil Making Raw Material, Mosquito Coil Ingredients, Production of Mosquito Coil, Mosquito Coil Making Machine, Production of Mosquito Repellent, Mosquito Coil Making Plant, Mosquito Coil Making Unit, Mosquito Coil Production, Mosquito Coils Manufacture, Production of Mosquito Repellants Insecticides (Mosquito Coil), How to Make Mosquito Repelling Incense, Mosquito Coil Making Factory, Mosquito Repellent Formulations, Mosquito Coils Factory, Mosquito Coil Making Business in India, Mosquito Coils Manufacture, Mosquito Coil Manufacturing Unit, Mosquito Coil Production Plant, Mosquito Coil Making Business, Mosquito Coil Manufacturing company, Project Report on Mosquito Repellent Coils, Mosquito Coil Making project ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small scale industries projects ideas, Mosquito Coil Composition Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project profile on small scale industries, How to Start Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing Industry in India, Mosquito Coil Composition Projects, New project profile on Mosquito Coil Making industries, Project Report on Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing, Project Report on Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Mosquito Coil Composition, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing, Feasibility report on Mosquito Coil Composition, Free Project Profile on Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing, Project profile on Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing, Download free project profile on Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing, Industrial Project Report, Project consultant, Project consultancy, Startup Project for Mosquito Repelling Incense Coils Manufacturing
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Aluminium Foil Rolling Mill with PP Caps

Aluminium foil is aluminium prepared in thin metal leaves, with a thickness less than 0.2 millimetres (8 mils), thinner gauges down to 6 µm (0.2 mils) are also commonly used. Standard household foil is typically 0.016 millimetres (0.6 mils) thick and heavy duty household foil is typically 0.024 millimetres (0.9 mils). The foil is pliable, and can be readily bent or wrapped around objects. Pilfer proof caps (P.P. Caps) are popular all over the world which provide not only the above mentioned qualities to the bottle contents, but also a perfect seal which guarantees non-contamination from external environments. This ensures the contents to remain unaffected from atmospheric moisture, gases, dusts and other impurities. Alcoholic liquors, soft drinks, juice, syrups, various hair oils and shampoos etc. There are around 10 Major Aluminium Foil manufacturers in India with rolling capacity of around 10000 tons per month to cater the total demand of around 12000 tons per month in different field of pharmaceuticals and flexible packaging industries. Global demand for aluminium foil is forecast to expand 8.7% p.a. between 2014 and 2018. Which facilitates the development of new technologies and ensure a high quality product. Few Indian major players are as under • India Foils Ltd. • J P Foil Ltd. • J S K Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Jayakrishna Aluminium Ltd. • Jindal Aluminium Ltd. • Kunj Alloys Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Aluminium Foil: 1,200 MT per Annum Aluminium PP Caps: 2,400 MT per Annum Aluminium Scraps: 90 MT per AnnumPlant & machinery: 669 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 1092.10 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 48.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Xanthan Gum (Food and Oil Drilling Grade)

Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide with many industrial uses, including as a common food additive. It is an effective thickening agent and stabilizer to prevent ingredients from separating. It can be produced from different simple sugars using a fermentation process, and derives its name from the strain of bacteria used, Xanthomonascampestris. It is a heavily used gum for the industrial uses in the food industry. Its thickening and binding qualities make it a very useful cooking aid food additive in bakery products and dairy uses. ? The global xanthan gum market is expected to expand at a very positive CAGR of 7.7% in terms of revenue, between 2016 and 2024. This revenue is expected to reach as much as US$1.25 bn by the end of 2024. The global xanthan gum market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 7.3% for the above forecast period. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful. Few Indian major players are as under • Ace Gum Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Aditya Chemicals Ltd. • Asha Ram & Sons Pvt. Ltd. • Chimique (India) Ltd. • Exemplarr Worldwide Ltd. • Hindustan Gum & Chemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: Xanthan Gum Food Grade : 500 Kgs/Day Xanthan Gum Oil Grade : 600 Kgs/Day Plant & machinery: 120 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 318 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 60.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Setting Up a Hospital in India

Setting Up a Hospital in India. Investment Opportunity in Healthcare Industry. Start a Hospital in India. The Healthcare market can increase three fold to US$ 372 billion by 2022. The hospital services’ market represents one of the most lucrative segments of the Indian healthcare industry. Various factors, such as increasing prevalence of diseases, improving affordability, and rising penetration of health insurance are fuelling the growth in the Indian hospital industry. Several private players are also entering the sector with new plans of establishing hospitals and health centers around the country. Healthcare has become one of India’s largest sectors - both in terms of revenue and employment. Healthcare comprises hospitals, medical devices, clinical trials, outsourcing, telemedicine, medical tourism, health insurance and medical equipment. The Indian healthcare sector is growing at a brisk pace due to its strengthening coverage, services and increasing expenditure by public as well private players. Healthcare scenario is fast changing all over the world. Today Indian health care industry is business driven and one can see entry of all sorts of service providers to be part of this massive multi core business, growing at the rate of 13% annually. Globalization and privatization have also changed the functioning of the healthcare system. The private health network is spreading fast throughout the country. Economic, political, social, environmental and cultural factors are influencing the health care and the delivery of the health care services. The Indian healthcare market, which is worth around US$ 100 billion, will likely grow at a CAGR of 23 per cent to US$ 280 billion by 2020. The healthcare market can increase three fold to US$ 372 billion by 2022. There is a significant scope for enhancing healthcare services considering that healthcare spending as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is rising. Rural India, which accounts for over 70 per cent of the population, is set to emerge as a potential demand source. India’s corporate hospitals are set to gain on rapid growth in health care industry in India. Healthcare has become one of the largest sectors in terms of employment and revenue generation in India comprising hospitals, medical devices, clinical trials, outsourcing, telemedicine, medical tourism, health insurance and medical equipment. The factors supportive of growth are growing incidence of lifestyle diseases, more medical awareness, technological advancements and increasing investments by public and private sector. The health care industry is witnessing healthy growth thanks to increased disposable incomes, insurance coverage, and health awareness among the population. The healthcare sector in India remains one of the largest sectors in terms of both employment and revenue generation. This significant growth within the healthcare industry has been facilitated by a rapid privatization of healthcare (particularly in secondary and tertiary healthcare services). Hospitals constitute ~70% of Indian healthcare market with increasingly dominant role of private sector. Private players have established a dominating presence in specialty health care. The market size of private hospitals is expected to grow at a CAGR of 19.2 % to reach ~U.S. $ 120 billion by 2020 from its current size of ~U.S. $ 50 billion. Key Drivers for Growth of Hospital Business in India • 500 Million Additional middle class by 2025. • Less than 25% of population is currently covered by insurance. At the current rate of growth of insurance business the Insurance penetration is likely to reach up to ~ 45% of population by 2020. • Growth in insurance business is most positive for private sector hospitals. Health insurance provides affordability to high end medical treatment. Tags Setting Up a Hospital in India, How to Start a Hospital Business?, Hospital Business Plan, How to Start a Hospital Business In India, Business Plan for Hospital, Starting a Hospital Business, Hospital Business Plan, Hospitals Business Opportunity in India, Profitable Healthcare Business Ideas in Medical Industry, Business Opportunities in Hospital Sector, Healthcare and Medical Business Ideas & Opportunities, Business of Health Care, Healthcare Business, How to Open Your Own Hospital, Starting Your Own Hospital, Setting Up of Super-Specialty / Multi-Specialty Hospitals, Multispeciality Hospital, Setting Up of a Super Specialty Hospital, Project Report on Hospital, How Does One Start a Hospital in India?, How to Open a Private Hospital, Want to Start Health Care Business?, Best Hospital In India, Project Report on Setting Up Hospital In India, Business Ideas for Start-Ups in Healthcare Industry, Health Care Business, Healthcare Business Ideas, How do I Start Health Care Business, Business Ideas to Start Healthcare Business in India, Healthcare Business Ideas & Opportunities, Health Care Business Ideas that You Can Start Today, Starting Healthcare Business, Profitable Healthcare Business Ideas, Setting Up a Super Specialty Hospital in India, Business Plan for Multispeciality Hospital, Multispeciality Hospital project ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small scale industries projects ideas, Multispeciality Hospital Projects, Project profile on small scale industries, How to Start Multispeciality Hospital in India, New project profile on Multispeciality Hospital, Project Report on Hospital, Detailed Project Report on Hospital, Project Report on Hospital, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Hospital, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Hospital, Feasibility report on Hospital, Free Project Profile on Hospital, Project profile on Hospital, Download free project profile on Hospital, Industrial Project Report, Business consultancy, Business consultant, Project identification and selection, Preparation of Project Profiles, Startup, Business guidance, Business guidance to clients, Startup Project for Hospital
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Business Ideas to Start. Manufacturing of Multiblade Safety Razor

A safety razor is a shaving implement with a protective device positioned between the edge of the blade and the skin. The initial purpose of these protective devices was to reduce the level of skill needed for injury-free shaving, thereby reducing the reliance on professional barbers. The term was first used in a patent issued in 1880, for a razor in the basic contemporary configuration with a handle attached at right angles to a head in which a removable blade is placed (although this form predated the patent). Plastic disposable razors and razors with replaceable blade attachments are in common use today. Razors commonly include one to five cutting edges, but sometimes up to seven edges. The basic form of a razor, "the cutting blade of which is at right angles with the handle, and resembles somewhat the form of a common hoe", was first described in a patent application in 1847 by William S. Henson. This also covered a "comb tooth guard or protector" which could be attached both to the hoe form and to a conventional straight razor. Gillette’s newest shaving system has just one blade, a light plastic handle and a sharply lower price. The move by P&G is to aggressively push into emerging markets for new customers and growth. That focus is forcing P&G to be more modest on scale and more flexible on price. Gillette commands about 70% of the world’s razor and blade sales, but it lags behind rivals in India and other developing markets, mainly because those consumers can’t afford to buy its flagship products. Single-Edge Razors The first safety razors used a single-edge blade that was essentially a 4 cm long segment of a straight razor. A flat blade that could be used alternately with this "wedge" was first illustrated in a patent issued in 1878, serving as a close prototype for the single-edge blade in its present form. New single-edge razors were developed and used side-by-side with double-edge razors for decades. The largest manufacturers were the American Safety Razor Company with its "Ever-Ready" series, and the Gem Cutlery Company with its "Gem" models. Although single-edge razors are no longer in production they are readily available. Blades for them are still being manufactured both for shaving and technical purposes. Indian men are becoming more conscious about their looks. They want to look better and more appealing physically to get more attention. The influence of the western culture, along with the rise of the Indian models, sportsmen and actors in promoting the wellness products are taking this industry to a new level as aspiring adults find their icons groomed and well-dressed. They want to look and perform like them. The grooming industry has opened all doors for aspirants like them where they can maneuver and improvise their looks with the aid of various trending products and grooming techniques. Double Edged Razor Blades The true genius of the double edged razor blade is how it is bent over and held in tension within the razor. This simple engineering technique allows the blade edge to be held very firmly in a precise position whilst using the minimum amount of steel in that blade. Hence double edged blades can be extremely thin and a thousand of them only weigh a few ounces. However this is still a massive amount of steel compared to multibladed system razors that only have an edge about 1mm deep made of steel which is then mounted in plastic. Double edged blades have been in manufacture for over 100 years (though it was only in the 1930s that they became as thin as they are today) so their production is not rocket science. However putting a superb edge (for that is what is needed) on such a thin piece of steel in a mass manufacturing process is not easy. Most of the world’s razors are made in a very small handful of factories around the world such as Gillette in Manuas, Brazil and St Petersburg, Russia, Vidyut in Bombay, India and Lord in Alexandria, Egypt. The manufacturing processes are proprietary and partly secret. The plants are capital intensive, contain a lot of technology and run at very high speed.. ? Market Outlook The shaving market in India is estimated at around Rs 1,500 crore. The market is growing at around 7-8 per cent annually. Gillette is the market leader in razors and blades. Its market share has been growing consistently. A significant percentage of this market comprises consumers who get their shaves done at salons. The market size of India's beauty, cosmetic and grooming market will reach $ 20 billion by 2025 from the current $ 6.5 billion on the back of rise in disposable income of middle class and growing aspirations of people to live good life and look good, according to Assocham. To suit consumption across difference levels of purchasing power, FMCG companies are coming out with variety of products in different price range. The rural population too is joining the mainstream with improvement in linkages with the cities by roads, telecommunication and the firms reaching out. The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the men grooming industry will increase by 17% by the end of 2020. The adoption of western culture, increased disposable income, elevated standard of living, and urbanisation is contributing to the growth of the grooming industry for both the genders. Men are now spending a handsome part of their income as a disposable amount for their grooming sessions in spas and salons. The wellness and beauty grooming market in India will double its figure to INR 80,370 Crore in between 2017-18, as projected by a KPMG Wellness report. Tags Razor Blades Made In India, Double Edge Razor Blades, Razor Blades Factory, Razor Cartridges and Blades, Manufacturing of Disposable Razor, Razor Blade, Shaving Razor, How It's Made Traditional Razor Blades, Razor Blade Project, Production of Razor Blade, Double Edge Blade, Safety Blade in India, How a Shaver Is Made In India, Razor Factory, Safety Razor Manufacturing, Multi Blade Razor Manufacturing, Stainless Steel Double Edge Razor Blades, Shavers Manufacturing, How to Make: Razor Blade, Razor Manufacturing Process, Razor Blade of Razor Wire Making , Manufacturing of Razor Blade, How Safety Razor & Double Edge Blades are Made, Safety Razor Manufacturing, Razor Making, Razor Blade of Razor Wire Making, Small Business Manufacturing Ideas for Razor Blade Manufacturing Business, Razor Blade Production, How Razor Blade is Made, Razor Blade Producer, Razor Blade Manufacturer?, Startup for Razor Blade, How to make Blade Razors, Manufacturing Process of Razor Blade, Shaving Razor Blade Manufacturing, Razor Blade Manufacturing Unit, Razor Blade Production, Blade Manufacturing Unit, Razor Manufacturing Process, How are Straight Razors Made, How to Manufacture Razor Blade, How to Start a Razors & Razor Blades Business, Start a Razor Blade & Shaving, Blade Manufacturer Plant, Blade Manufacturing, Blade Manufacturing Processes, Manufacturing Process of Blade, How Blades are Made, Blade Production, Industrial Blades Production, Advanced Blade Manufacturing, Safety Razor Blades Industry, Design and Manufacturing of Blades, Blade Manufacturing Considerations, Razor Blade Manufacturing Plant, Production of Razor, How Blades are Made, Safety Razor Manufacturing Plant, Multi Blade Safety Razor Processing Project Ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small Scale Industries Projects Ideas, Multi Blade Safety Razor Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project Profile on Small Scale Industries, How to Start Multi Blade Safety Razor Processing Industry In India, Multi Blade Safety Razor Processing Projects, New Project Profile on Multi Blade Safety Razor Processing Industries, Project Report on Multi Blade Safety Razor Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Multi Blade Safety Razor Project Report on Multi Blade Safety Razor, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Multi Blade Safety Razor, Techno-Economic Feasibility Study on Multi Blade Safety Razor , Business Plan For a Startup Business, Great Opportunity For Startup, Small Start-Up Business Project, Project Report For Bank Loan, Project Report For Bank Finance, Project Report Format For Bank Loan in Excel, Excel Format of Project Report and CMA Data, Project Report Bank Loan Excel, Detailed Project Plan Report on Multi Blade Safety Razor
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Mushroom Production Process, How to Start Button Mushroom Farming

Mushroom Production Process, How to Start Button Mushroom Farming, Mushroom Technology- Cultivation, Processing The Button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) is a gilled fungus which naturally occurs in Europe and North America, though now occurs much more widely. Also called the table mushroom, white mushroom, common mushroom, cultivated mushroom, and called champignon de Paris in France, it is one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms in the world. The button mushroom, better known as a white mushroom or sometimes Agaricus bisporus is the most widely cultivated, harvested, and distributed mushroom in the world. The mildly flavored, hardy fungus can be found fresh, dried, and canned in grocery stores all over the world. The button mushroom has a classic mushroom like appearance, with a short thick stalk and a white cap. The mushroom is gilled beneath the smooth cap, and a small ring of flesh surrounds the stem where it meets the cap. When young, this ring of flesh forms a veil over the gills of the mushroom. This mushroom can be found growing almost anywhere, including lawns, compost piles, leaf mold, wood chips, dead trees, and well fertilized soil. They are easy to identify and to pick, making them a popular choice for mushroom hunters. Button Mushroom is the most popular mushroom variety grown and consumed the world over. In India, its production earlier was limited to the winter season, but with technology development, these are produced almost throughout the year in small, medium and large farms, adopting different levels of technology. In the last ten years, large numbers of commercials units have been built by the entrepreneurs/ farmers throughout the country for the production of button mushrooms. However, commercial production of white button mushroom was initiated in the hilly regions of the country (17- 18°C) like Chail (Himachal Pradesh) Kashmir and Ooty (Tamil Nadu).The white button mushroom (Agaricusbisporus) is grown on compost based on various agricultural wastes and animal manure. White button mushrooms are grown all over the world and account for 35-45 % of the total mushroom production. In India, large units with production capacities between 2000 – 3000 tonnes/annum, have been set up mainly as export oriented units in the southern, western and northern regions. A large number of small units without climatic control equipment exist throughout India and function during the autumn and winter months only. As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • A S R Agro Ltd. • Agro Dutch Inds. Ltd. • Classic Mushrooms Ltd. • Flex Foods Ltd. • Indo Britain Agro Farms Ltd. • Saptarishi Agro Inds. Ltd. • Tarai Foods Ltd. Market Outlook The daily demand for mushroom is around 75 to 100 tonnes in Tamil Nadu alone. The global market for mushrooms was valued at $29,427.92 million in 2013. This market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 9.5% from 2014 to reach $50,034.12 million by 2019. Button mushrooms were the first mushrooms to be commercially exploited on an industrial scale and hence are more popular than other types. The button mushrooms segment contributed around 36.1% to the total Mushroom Market in 2013. The Mushroom market had a value of $35 billion in 2015. Between 2016 and 2021, the market is expected to grow by 9.2 percent. This would bring its size to nearly $60 billion in 2021. Global mushroom market value is expected to exceed USD 50 billion in the next seven years due to growing mushroom demand in from the recent past. Mushrooms are considered good for health as they contain negligible sodium and gluten content. Low fat and cholesterol content is presumed to result in higher mushroom acceptance among consumers. Global mushroom market was valued at over USD 35.08 billion in 2015, is expected to reach above USD 59.48 billion in 2021 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of slightly above 9.2% between 2016 and 2021. The global button mushroom market was valued at USD 12.62 billion in 2016 is expected to reach USD 19.23 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 7.3% between 2017 and 2022. Tags Mushroom Cultivation Process, Mushroom Cultivation, Mushroom Production Technology, Mushroom Farming, Growing Mushrooms, Process of Growing Mushrooms, How to cultivate mushrooms, Production of Mushroom, cultivation of button mushroom, Mushroom Production, Profit in Mushroom Farming in India, Mushroom Cultivation in India Project Report, Small Scale Mushroom Cultivation, Mushroom Farming Business Plan, Method for Growing Mushroom, Project Report on Mushroom Cultivation & Processing, Growing Mushrooms Commercially, Mushroom Cultivation in India, Mushroom Cultivation, Mushroom Farming in India, Mushroom Cultivation Project, Button Mushroom Cultivation in India, Button Mushroom Cultivation, Button Mushroom Cultivation Project, Button Mushroom Farming, Cultivation of Button Mushrooms, How to Grow Button Mushrooms, Easy Ways to Grow Button Mushrooms, Button Mushroom Growing, Mushroom and its Cultivation in India, Button Mushroom Cultivation Business, Cultivation and Commercialization of Button Mushrooms, Mushroom Processing, Mushroom Cultivation and Processing, Button Mushroom Cultivation Process, Profitability of Mushroom Cultivation, Button Mushroom Farming Business Plan, Starting Button Mushroom Farm, Starting Button Mushroom Farming Business, Mushroom Growing Business Plan, How to Start Mushroom Farming, How to Start Button Mushroom Business, Growing Mushrooms for Profit, How to Grow Button Mushrooms for Profit, Mushroom Farming and Mushroom Cultivation, Growing Button Mushrooms Commercially, Button Mushroom Cultivation Methods, Business of Growing Button Mushrooms, How Profitable is Mushroom Farming, Button Mushroom Cultivation in India Project Report, Button Mushroom Cultivation for Beginners, Growing Mushrooms for Beginners, Mushroom Cultivation for Beginners, Project Report Format for Bank Loan in Excel, Excel Format of Project Report and CMA Data, Project Report Bank Loan Excel
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

How to Start Mustard Oil Mill

How to Start Mustard Oil Mill. Profitable Business Idea. Business with huge Profit in India Mustard oil is a fatty vegetable oil extracted from the mustard seeds. It is dark yellow in color and slightly pungent. There are generally three types of mustard oils depending upon the manner of extraction. The first is a fatty vegetable oil obtained by pressing the mustard seeds. The second one is a essential oil that is made by grinding the seeds, mixing them with water and extracting the oil through distillation. The third process involves infusing mustard seed extract with other vegetable oils such as soy bean oil. All three categories of oil have a pungent nutty taste and a strong aroma. Mustard oil is extracted from mustard seeds and is commonly used in India. It is an ancient oil that is said to be loaded with many health benefits. Mustard oil is full of MUFA which is very important for our health. Mustard oil is made from pressing the seeds of a mustard plant to produce a spicy oil. Mustard oil is popular in Eastern cooking, although some American chefs have begun experimenting with the oil, which has a heat and distinctive flavor to it. Real mustard oil, however, is actually banned for cooking uses by the FDA. This is because it contains an ingredient called erucic acid that has been shown to cause heart problems. Erucic acid is a fatty acid that it is not well metabolized. It’s considered a contaminant. In Eastern and North Eastern India, it is hard to imagine life without a bottle of mustard oil at home. It is believed to have miraculous properties, and therefore is used as a remedy to treat cold, boost immunity, encourage hair growth, provide nourishment to skin (especially in case of babies who are massaged with mustard oil during winters and made to sunbathe for a dose of Vitamin D and also to strengthen the bones), oral health, so on and so forth. Mustard oil (sarson ka tel) is extracted from mustard seeds (black, brown and white), and is reddish brown or amber in colour. It has been commonly used in North and East India since ancient times, and comes with a bevy of health benefits. Market Outlook During the last few years, the domestic consumption of edible oils has increased substantially and has touched the level 17.5 million metric tonne (mmt) in 2012-13 from 11.6 mmt in 2003-04 and is likely to increase further. The Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for oils & fats, according to WHO, is 30 g/day or 11 kg/ annum. Ministry of Agriculture, under National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), estimates that with per capita consumption of vegetable oils at the rate of 16 kg/year/person for a projected population of 1,276 million, the total vegetable oils demand is likely to touch 20.4 million tonne by 2017. Mustard oil market is further segmented on the basis of regions, as North America, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Asia-Pacific excluding Japan, Japan, and Middle East & Africa. On the basis of regions, mustard oil has market demand is higher in Asia-Pacific regions which includes India, Thailand, and china due to its huge consumption in food. North America market is expected to expand relatively higher CAGR due to its preference as essential oil in various industrial application. India is among major oilseed growers and edible oil importers and its vegetable oil economy is world’s fourth largest after USA, China and Brazil. The oilseed accounts for 13% of the gross cropped area, 3% of the Gross National Product and 10% value of all agricultural commodities. Considerable regional variance exists in the consumption of various edible oils in the country in accordance with the diverse food habits and tastes and preferences of consumers, and also between rural and urban areas. Among the other edible oils, households in Punjab, Himachal, J&K, Rajasthan, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh consume substantial quantities of mustard oil. Tags Mustard Oil Manufacturing Process, Mustard Oil Extraction, How to Start Mustard Oil Plant, Mustard Oil Plant, Mustard Oil, How to Make Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil Unit, How to Make Organic Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil Manufacturing Plant, Mustard Oil Manufacturing, Mustard Oil Manufacturing in India, Process to Get Mustard Oil From Mustard, Mustard Oil Factory In India, Mustard Oil Making, Mustard Seed Oil Extraction, How Do You Make Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil Process, Kachchi Ghani Mustard Oil, Sarso Ke Tel Ka Business, Small Scale Oil Production Line For Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil Business , Kachchi Ghani Mustard Oil, Cooking Oil Manufacturing, Production of Mustard, Mustard Oil Processing in Rural Area, Cooking Oil Production Process, Edible Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil Manufacturing Process, Kachchi Ghani Mustard Oil, How to Start Mustard Oil Business, Mustard Oil Processing Unit, Making Mustard Seed Oil, Extracting Oil, Starting Manufacturing Process Of Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil Business, Project on Mustard Oil, Production Mustard Oil Business, Mustard Oil Extraction Business, Small Mustard Oil Business, Oil, Edible Oil, Sarso Oil Manufacturing, Mustard Oil Industry, Best Businesses You Can Start With Mustard Oil, Setting Up And Running a Small-Scale Cooking Oil Business, Refined Mustard Oil, Businesses of Edible Oils, Profitable Cooking Oil Manufacturing Business, Business Opportunities in Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil Business with Low Price in India, How Mustard Oil Mills are Running, Mustard Oil Unit, Project on Mustard Oil and Oil Cake Manufacturing, Edible Vegetable Oil Processing, Mustard Oil Manufacturing Plant, Mustard Oil Manufacturing Unit, Extraction of Mustard Oil, Vegetable Oil Processing in India, Vegetable Oil Processing, Kachchi Ghani Mustard Oil, Sarso Ka Tel, Tel, Kachchi Ghani, Manufacturing Of Mustard Oil, Mustard Oil processing project ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small scale industries projects ideas, Mustard Oil Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project profile on Small Scale industries, How to Start Mustard Oil Processing Industry in India, Mustard Oil Processing Projects, New Project Profile on Mustard Oil processing industries, Project Report on Mustard Oil manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Mustard Oil Extraction, Project Report on Mustard Oil, Small Start-up Business Project, Project report for bank loan, Project report for bank finance, Project report format for bank loan in excel, Excel Format of Project Report and CMA Data, Project Report Bank Loan Excel, Detailed Project Plan Report
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

Add multiple items to inquiry
Select the items and then press Add to inquiry button

Page 80 of 247 | Total 2470 projects in this category
« Previous   Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 .... 80 246 247   Next »

About NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

Hide »

NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Selection of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

^ Top