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Best Business Opportunities in Maharashtra- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Automotive Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. A sound transportation system plays a pivotal role in a country’s rapid economic and industrial development. The well-developed Indian automotive industry ably fulfils this catalytic role by producing a wide variety of vehicles. The automobile industry comprises automobile and auto component sectors. It includes passenger cars; light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles; multi-utility vehicles such as jeeps, scooters, motorcycles, three-wheelers and tractors; and auto components like engine parts, drive and transmission parts, suspension and braking parts, and electrical, body and chassis part. The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sells motor vehicles, and is one of the world's most important economic sectors by revenue. Indian automotive sector is a key contributor to the economic growth. India is World’s second largest two wheeler market, Asia’s third largest passenger vehicle market and World’s fourth largest commercial vehicle and tractor market. Maharashtra has strongly emerged as the top destination in India for automobile sector with a strong presence across the value chain.

 

RESOURCES:

Maharashtra accounts for approximately 33% of the country’s output of automobiles by value. Major automobile clusters in the state are Pune, Nasik, Aurangabad and Nagpur. Maharashtra is the leading producer of heavy and commercial vehicles in the country. Auto and auto ancillaries contribute to 9% of Maharashtra’s manufacturing strength. Maharashtra has a strong skilled labour base supporting the automotive industry. The state offers a strong educational infrastructure with technical institutions providing automobile engineering courses across the state. India's premier automotive R&D, testing and certification organisation, Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) is present in Pune. India’s first Auto Cluster Development and Research Institute are in the state.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Policy aims to promote integrated, phased, enduring and self-sustained growth of the Indian automotive industry. Special policies for Auto industry make it a lucrative investment sector.

·        Exalt the sector as a lever of industrial growth and employment and to achieve a high degree of value addition in the country; Promote a globally competitive automotive industry and emerge as a global source for auto components

·        Establish an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars and a key centre for manufacturing Tractors and Two-wheelers in the world. Ensure a balanced transition to open trade at a minimal risk to the Indian economy and local industry

·        Conduce incessant modernization of the industry and facilitate indigenous design, research and development

·        Assist development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources;

·        Automatic approval for foreign equity investment of up to 100 per cent for manufacturing of auto components.

·        Setting up of a technology modernization fund, with special emphasis on SMEs and encouragement to establish development centres for SMEs.

·        Increasing exports and related infrastructure and streamlining training/research institutions around auto hubs.

·        Setting up of automotive training institutes and auto design centres, special auto parks and auto component virtual SEZs

·        To enhance and upgrade the testing and validation infrastructure and establish centres of excellence for automotive R&D.

·        Lowering of excise duty on small cars, increasing budgetary allocation for R&D activities and lowering duty regime in general.

·        Weighted increase in the in-house R&D expenditure from 150% to 200% and from 120% to 175% on outsourced R&D expenditure.

Chemical Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

Chemical industry is one of the oldest industries in India. It not only plays a crucial role in meeting the daily needs of the common man, but also contributes significantly towards industrial and economic growth of the nation. The industry, including petro-chemicals, and alcohol-based chemicals, has grown at a pace outperforming the overall growth of the industry. India’s chemical industry contributes close to 3% to country’s GDP (2009). India is expected to grow at more than 11% till 2011 at almost double growth rate of the global industry. The chemical industry accounts for about 17.6% of the output of the manufacturing sector and around 11% in total exports of the country. The industry registered a growth of 16% from FY 2005 to 2010 In terms of volume, India is 12th largest in the world and 2nd largest in the developing world after China, Maharashtra has strong presence in chemical, petrochemicals, oil and gas sector. Maharashtra contributes 27.4% of total chemicals, petrochemicals and oil and gas output and around 15% of the total production of basic petrochemical products in India. Mumbai, Nagothane, Rabale & Patalganga are major petrochemical hubs while Thane, Mumbai, Pune and Wardha are chemical hubs.

 

RESOURCES:

Maharashtra has a well developed chemical and petrochemicals sector that has been doing extremely well on the economic front. The chemical industry in Maharashtra is among the main industries which has an important contribution to the economy of the state. There are many categories of the chemical industries in Maharashtra such as agrochemicals, dye & pigments, inorganic chemicals, petrochemicals, polymers, textile chemicals, pharmaceuticals etc. Chemical sector has been traditionally strong in Maharashtra with specific strength in Raw materials, Building Block production and Value Addition & Processing with clusters located in the Mumbai, Thane, Pune belt. Maharashtra has a strong skilled labour base supporting the chemical industry. The state offers a strong educational infrastructure with technical institutions providing Chemical engineering courses across the state. There is a strong resource pool and backward linkages with the well-developed chemicals and petrochemicals sector serves as an added advantage. All major domestic and number of global chemicals & petrochemicals players have a presence in the state. It contributes 27.4 per cent of the country's chemicals, petrochemicals and oil & gas output. The state also accounts for 18.2 per cent of the country's employment in the sector. The chemical sector in the country is expected to grow at 15 per cent per annum till 2010 and thus, presents ample opportunities for the state. Opportunities would primarily exist in the areas of polymers & plastics, fertilisers and synthetic yarns. Some of the names are Hindustan Petroleum, Bharat Petroleum, Reliance Industries, and Indo-Rama Synthetics. Maharashtra has a strong presence in the chemicals, petrochemicals, and oil and gas sector.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

·        Licensing requirements have been removed, except for hazardous chemicals and a few special drugs.

·        Entrepreneurs are allowed to set up chemicals industries following the Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM) route.

·        Under the automatic route, 100% FDI is allowed for all chemicals except hazardous chemicals.

·        In the Union Budget 2009-10, the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals was granted an outlay of USD 5.12 Billion

·        To mitigate the impact of anti dumping, Government has imposed 20% safeguard on soda ash

·        The peak rate of customs duty on most chemicals is 7.5%.

·        Plans are underway to set up port-based chemicals parks in SEZs to encourage clustering, provide infrastructure and enable tax concessions.

·        16% excise duty on almost all chemicals

·        Downstream SEZs have been planned to use the output of chemicals parks

 

 

Food and Agro Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

India is one of the world’s largest producers as well as consumers of food and food products Maharashtra is a bio-diverse state with 9 agro climatic zones and varying soil types, suitable for agricultural development. The export from Maharashtra for fresh vegetables and fruits accounts for 30% and for processed food products is almost 50%. Mumbai port (MPT) and Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) are major ports used for exporting processed food products. The state has a strong skill base with a total of 73 institutions with an intake capacity of 5,895 students including 4 Agriculture Universities and 5 national level research organizations. Maharashtra has 8 Agricultural Export Zones (AEZ).

RESOURCES:

Reaching top most position in the country Maharashtra is India’s leading agriculture state.  The state has achieved many innovative agro-industrial ventures, the sugar co-operative and cooperatives for cultivating and marketing, including exports of grapes, mangoes, strawberries etc. Wide availability of varied horticultural produce due to varied range of climate & soil conditions offers tremendous scope to flourish state’s processing industry to increase the processing & value addition from present 1.5% to reach up to 35% of total produce.  Bio-diverse state with 9 agro climatic zones and varying soil types is suitable for agricultural development. Maharashtra is the major horticulture state with more than 22.04 lakh hectares area under horticulture and 4.48 lakh hectare area under vegetables. Alphonso Mangoes accounts for 90% of India’s export in mangoes. It leads sugar industry with 201 sugar factories. The export from Maharashtra for fresh vegetables and fruits accounts for 30% and for processed food products is almost 50%. Maharashtra has the highest gross value addition to food products in the country 16.18%. Maharashtra has eight Agri Export Zones spread across the state for Grapes and Grape Wine, Mangoes, Kesar Mango, Flowers, Onion, Pomegranate, Banana and Oranges. It also has additional five crop cluster for Cashew, Sapota, Sweet Orange, Fig and Custard Apple.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Maharashtra Government initiatives are very unique to make agriculture, horticulture, Agri business, Food Processing industry highly competitive and successful in the country.

·         Reimbursement of 50% of the net VAT paid, instead of 25%;

·         5% interest subsidy on term loans for fixed capital investment for 5 years;

·         In the case of products attracting zero VAT, incentives against the amount of VAT retained and not refunded on input purchases.

·         Eligibility criteria (additional investment of 25% subject to a minimum of INR 1 crore) for providing incentives in the case of expansions under PSI 2007

·         The National Horticulture Mission (NHM) provides 50% of the capital cost with a cap of Rs. 3 lakh per unit for basic infrastructure.

 

 

 

 

 

Textile Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

The textile industry occupies a leading position in the hierarchy of the Indian manufacturing industry. It has witnessed several new directions in the era of liberalization. While textile exports are increasing and India has become the largest exporter in world trade in cotton yarn and is an important player of readymade garments, country’s international textile trade constitutes a mere 3% of the total world textile trade The textile industry is one of the most important pillars of the Indian economy. It contributes about 4% to the GDP, and 17% to the country’s export earnings. It provides direct employment to over 35 million people. Indian textile industry is estimated to be at USD 51.4 billion. The industry accounts for 4% of the country’s GDP and 14% of its industrial production. Maharashtra contributes to about 10.4% to India’s textiles and apparels output. Maharashtra has the largest area under cultivation for cotton (33.4%). The State has witnessed 122 major textile projects with an investment of USD 224 Million.  There exists largest number of the sectors 100% export oriented units, with a count of 560 are based in Maharashtra.

 

RESOURCES:

Maharashtra contributes to about 10.4% to India’s textiles and apparels output. Cotton is available in bulk in Maharashtra which is one of the key factors that have enabled the state to establish a competitive edge. Vidarbha region has a predominant cotton production, while western region is famous for spinning mills. The major clusters of Maharashtra for the industry are Kolhapur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Pune, Sangli, Satara, Sholapur and Thane. The State has witnessed 122 major textile projects with an investment of USD 224 Million.  There are largest numbers of the sectors 100% export oriented units, with a count of 560 are based in Maharashtra. Maharashtra has abundant raw material availability, cost effective labour pool, growing domestic market & presence across value chain.

 

 

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The Government of India recently announced the new National Textile Policy (NTP), with the objective of facilitating the industry to attain and sustain a pre-eminent global standing in the manufacture and export of clothing.

·         Suitable incentive either in capital or in the form of Interest subsidy shall be provided to the Textile units including spinning and ginning pressing units to promote employment.

·         Credit based capital subsidy or suitable interest subsidy on capital investment and working capital shall be provided to the upcoming Textile units including spinning and ginning units to make them self reliance.

·         Providing Technological Upgradation support to the Textile sector under Technological upgradation Fund (TUF) scheme.

·         Setting up of Textile Parks preferably in Vidarbha, Marathwada and Khandesh Region.

·         Rationalize debt equity ratio with special consideration in Marathwada, Vidarbha and Khandesh region.

·         Development of Infrastructure facilities with integration from fibre to garment manufacturing.

·         Pilot projects for power looms in Malegaon and Bhiwandi, Nanded and Nagpur.

 

Small-Scale Industries: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

Small Scale Industries may sound small but actually plays a very important part in the overall growth of an economy. Small Scale Industries can be characterized by the unique feature of labour intensiveness. The small scale industries sector plays a vital role in the growth of the country. It contributes almost 40% of the gross industrial value added in the Indian economy. It has been estimated that a million Rs. of investment in fixed assets in the small scale sector produces 4.62 million worth of goods or services with an approximate value addition of ten percentage points. The small-scale sector has grown rapidly over the years. The growth rates during the various plan periods have been very impressive.

 

 

 

RESOURCES:

The Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Development Corporation Ltd., popularly known as MSSIDC, was established with a view to giving a new orientation and strength to the development of Small Scale Industries in the State of Maharashtra. The main objective of MSSIDC is to aid, counsel, assist, finance, protect and promote the interests of Small Industries. The Corporation renders assistance to approximately 30000 SSI units in the State. MSSIDC plays a vital role in revival, development and growth of traditional handicrafts of Maharashtra by responding to the diversified need s of rural artisans and marketing their products in India as well as abroad. Over the years, MSSIDC has grown to become India's leading Small Scale Industries Development Corporation, continuously responding to the expanding and diversified needs of Small Scale Industries, Village and Cottage Industries, providing support services like Training and Entrepreneurship Development Programme.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Policy for Small Enterprises aims to create a congenial atmosphere conducive to the healthy growth of the Small Scale Sector in the State. The broad policy objectives are enumerated below:

·         To achieve an annual growth rate of 15%.

·         To assist the small scale industries in the State to become competitive, domestically as well as internationally.

·         To increase employment generation - particularly by promoting the labour intensive segments.

·         To improve the export performance of the SSI sector by providing adequate support services.

·         To create a more congenial and hassle-free environment for the functioning of the SSI sector

·         To help the SSI sector acquire new technologies and skills so as to compete effectively in the market place.

·         To promote appropriate linkages between the large and small scale sectors in the interest of harmonious industrial development.

·         To strive to promote an appropriate institutional mechanism to revive sick industries

·         To encourage SSI units to grow vertically and graduate, in the course of time, from small scale to medium and large scale unit.

 

 

 

Information Technology Industry: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

PROFILE:

Information Technology (IT) industry in India is one of the fastest growing industries. Indian IT industry has built up valuable brand equity for itself in the global markets. The Information technology industry in India has gained a brand identity as a knowledge economy due to its IT and ITES sector. The IT–ITES industry has two major components: IT Services and business process outsourcing (BPO). The growth in the service sector in India has been led by the IT–ITES sector, contributing substantially to increase in GDP, employment, and exports. The sector has increased its contribution to India's GDP from 6.1% in 2009-10 to 6.4% in 2010-11. India is a preferred destination for companies looking to offshore their IT and back-office functions. It also retains its low-cost advantage and is a financially attractive location when viewed in combination with the business environment it offers and the availability of skilled people.

RESOURCES:

Considering Maharashtra’s strengths in terms of human resources, connectivity and infrastructure, and the special significance of Information Technology (IT) for generating employment, increasing efficiency and improving the quality of life, the State Government announced its first IT Policy in 1998. It was followed by the IT and IT Enabled Services (ITES) Policy in 2003 which provided comprehensive support for the further development of this sector in Maharashtra. Information technology (IT) sector in tier two cities like Nagpur, Aurangabad and Nashik are any indication, Maharashtra is all set to emerge as the next IT hub, after Bangalore and Hyderabad. So far, the growth of IT industry in the state has been concentrated in the Pune-Mumbai stretch. However, with the new focus in place, tier two cities are expected to mushroom as key IT centres.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government of Maharashtra has been supporting development of industry and business through a series of far-reaching policy initiatives. The Information Technology industry has been an important thrust area and has been receiving government support. During the last five years, the Government focussed on HRD, IT related infrastructure, fiscal incentives to IT units, IT in Governance and Institutional Framework for the IT sector.  These initiatives have enabled the IT industry in the State to establish an initial lead and a firm foundation for a quantum leap has been laid. Exports of software and ITES from the State presently account for about 20% share of the country’s exports.  These exports have registered an annual growth of more than 30% during the last four years. The whole State has been connected through an Optical Fibre Cable Network and a state wide network of competent training institutions has been established for building a pool of world-class IT professionals for providing strength and support to the IT industry in the State.

 

Biotechnology industry: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

 

PROFILE:

Biotechnology deals with living systems, including plants, animals and microbes. Biotechnology derives its strength by harnessing biological processes that sustain life. It incorporates any technique, which uses living organisms, parts of organisms and enzymes, proteins, etc., which are either naturally occurring or are derived from such living systems. Such techniques can be used to make or modify the products, improve plant or animal productivity or develop microorganisms for special use. Emerging Biotechnology uses recombinant DNA, cell fusion, embryo manipulation, etc. Biotechnology has the potential to transform the lives of the people in the State by impacting hugely on agriculture, animal husbandry, health, environmental protection, material transformation, etc. Further, Maharashtra has the potential to become a leader in Biotechnology, not only in the country but also in the entire world.

RESOURCES:

The State has an excellent intellectual infrastructure. Through nearly 1000 institutions, it produces around 163,000 trained technical personnel each year. The State has already set up specialised parks for different sections including IT. The bio-industrial enterprises cannot sustain themselves unless they are backed up by a highly trained and skilled human resource. Some of the best Centres of excellence in India that are present in Maharashtra do precisely that. These include the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, University Department of Chemical Technology, and the Cancer Research Institute, all at Mumbai. The Animal Diseases Investigations Laboratory, Pune involved in diagnosis and research of animal diseases, especially in four States of the Western region of the country, has been recognised as reference laboratory by Government of India. New forward looking initiatives in providing specialized education in Biotechnology have already begun to emerge. A number of defence research establishments in the State have been engaged in conducting cutting edge research in Biomedicals, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Maharashtra government is trying to develop biotech industry in the state in order to help to develop affordable and more cost effective drugs and devices to counter diseases common to India and to tropical and sub-tropical areas to reduce the disease burden. To lead the biotechnology industry in the State to a growth path from where it can become globally competitive, the following steps would be taken:

• Providing the appropriate policy framework which will smoothen its path;

• Providing adequate infrastructure, especially in the form of Biotechnology Parks

• Providing an appropriate package of incentives

• Developing a world-class higher education and research base to serve the needs of a growing Biotechnology industry and for creating high quality employment in the State

• Creating supporting institutions for the Biotechnology industry for  the development of human resource as well as for the applications of Biotechnology

• Simplifying the application of labour and other laws and procedures to accelerate the development and growth of the biotechnology industry

• Facilitating new ventures and innovations

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

RESOURCES:

There are 250 urban local bodies (ULBs) in Maharashtra which comprises 23 Municipal Corporations, 220 Municipal Councils, 3 Cantonment Boards and 4 Nagar Pachayats. Per capita MSW generation in various towns of the state ranges 100 to 600 gram per day.  For class I cities in Maharashtra, the waste generation rates are in the range of 14 to 63 kg per capita per day, which includes Mumbai having the highest range of 0.63 kg per capita per day (pcpd). The average waste generation rate for the state is estimated as 35 kg pcpd.  As per the projection, the waste quantities are estimated to increase from 6.18 million tons per year in the year 2004 to 8.05 million tons per year in 2011 and 11.77 million tons per year in 2021. In total over 21632.3 tons per day (TPD) of MSW is generated of which around 50% is generated in Mumbai (8500 TPD), Thane (680 TPD), Pune (1740 TPD) and Kalyan (1050 TPD). Compare to other Metropolitan cities in India, MSW generation is highest in Mumbai.  Available data indicates that Waste generated in Maharashtra contains about 55% of Non-biodegradable and 45% biodegradable components. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Indian Kitchen Spices (Masala Powder) Spices Powder and Blended Spices, Readymade mixes (Red Chilli Powder, Sambhar Masala, Biryani Masala, Chicken Fry Masala, Garam Masala)

A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, berry, bud or other vegetable substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are parts of leafy green plants used for flavoring or as a garnish. Many spices have antimicrobial properties. Spices produce a vast and diverse assortment of organic compounds, the great majority of which do not appear to participate directly in growth and development. Today, Indian spices are the most sought-after globally, given their exquisite aroma, texture, taste and medicinal value. India has the largest domestic market for spices in the world. Traditionally, spices in India have been grown in small land holdings, with organic farming gaining prominence in recent times. India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices. Demand for Indian spices is high because they are clean and hygienic as compared to that of other countries. The total market size of branded spices is estimated at 6,600 crore, and is growing at 14 per cent annually. While the US is the main importer of Indian spices, contributing 16 per cent of the total export value, it is followed by China at nine per cent. The UAE and Malaysia are at six per cent, while Saudi Arabia, Germany, Sri Lanka, Singapore and the UK at four per cent each. India produces almost all the known spices and the country takes pride in being one of the largest exporters of this commodity. As the spice is a mass consumption item that’s mostly used in culinary preparation or seasoning of food merchandise, its internal demand is heightening increasingly. Moreover, the Indian Spices Manufacturer in India uses matured technology-based machinery and quality-conscious resources or raw material to deliver customer-satiating products. By 2020, the Indian spice market is anticipated to reach USD 18 billion approximately. Looking at the potential in the sector the manufacture of branded spices and spice mixes are expected to get a surge. The Indian government is also aggressively promoting spice exports through various initiatives such as setting up of “spice parks” that offer common processing facilities to both producers and exporters. Blended Spices have shown remarkable growth in India in the past couple of years. The market is forecasted to grow with a CAGR of more than 9% in the near future. An increasing population of working women and consumers awareness towards adulteration has created a huge demand for blended spices. With higher purchasing power due to the high economic development of India, there has been a change in the preference of Indian consumers. The consumers are observed to be shifting from standard, local and regional brands towards national brands. The consumption of foreign brands is also observed to be increasing in Indian Blended Spices market. While the growth of blended spices and spices mix has opened a new segment for many of the players as it is currently consisting of regional players. Food and beverage industry is the most important end user of spices in the world. With a rise in disposable income, the working class and urban population in general is willing to eat in restaurants and experience different cuisines. Packaged and frozen food are also utilizing spices to make the food seem more edible while preserving it for a long time simultaneously. This has been contributing to the overall market growth of spices and will define its direction in the upcoming years. The Indian spices market is worth INR 40,000 crore annually. Key spices produced in the country include pepper, cardamom, chilli, ginger, turmeric, coriander, cumin, celery, fennel, fenugreek, ajwain, dill seed, garlic, tamarind, clove, and nutmeg among others. The market is largely unorganized and the branded segment makes up about 15%. The population in India is surging and the increasing consumer expenditure on food explains the swelling demand for food in India. Accordingly, the demand for spices is expected to grow in the future which will lead to a prominent growth in the revenues from the sales of spices in India. The revenues from India market are expected to expand to around USD 18 billion in FY’2020, growing with a CAGR of ~% from FY’2016 to FY’2020. The highest contribution to this growth is expected to come from the spice mixes and blended spices. Few Indian major players are as under Sunrise Foods Pvt. Ltd. Shubham Goldiee Masale Pvt. Ltd. Paras Spices Pvt. Ltd. M V J Spices (India) Pvt. Ltd. M V J Foods (India) Pvt. Ltd. Kitchen Xpress Overseas Ltd. MDHSpices
Plant capacity: Red Chilli Powder: 100 Kgs. / day Sambhar Masala:100 Kgs. / day Biryani Masala:100 Kgs. / day Chicken Fry Masala:100 Kgs/ day Garam Masala:100 Kgs. / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 35 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 195 lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Calcium & Zinc Stabilizer for Pipe and Foam board Application

Stabilisers are added to PVC to allow its processing and to improve its resistance especially in outdoor applications, weathering and heat ageing and have an important influence on the physical properties of PVC finished articles. Factors such as process technology involved, technical requirements of PVC end product, regulatory requirements and cost, influence the choice of the stabilizer used. Calcium-based stabilisers have also been introduced in PVC rigid calendering film production when improved organoleptic characteristics are required, for instance as alternative to tin mercaptides in transparent food packaging application or as alternative to tin carboxylates in PVC blown films shrinkable and for candy wrap. Similarly, calcium-based stabilisers are now an alternative to Liquid Mixed Metals (LMM) for several flexible applications, especially for the indoor ones, when stringent air quality requirements are in place (see “VOC improvement” under the liquid stabilisers). The use of calcium/zinc stabilizer systems has been common in PVC. Because of the characteristics of calcium/zinc stabilized materials they are widely used in many flexible and rigid PVC applications. This type of stabilizing system can give products which have a high degree of clarity, good mechanical and electrical properties, excellent organoleptic properties and good outdoor weather ability. Calcium zinc stabilizer is synthesized by special composite technology with calcium salt, zinc salt, lubricant and antioxidant as the main components. It can not only replace lead cadmium salt and organic tin and other toxic stabilizers, but also has good thermal stability, optical stability, transparency and coloring power. Practice has proved that, in PVC resin products, good processing performance, thermal stability is equivalent to lead salt stabilizer, is a good non-toxic stabilizer. The global metallic stearate market size was valued at USD 3,017.7 million in 2016. The U.S. metallic stearate market size was recorded at USD 263.9 million in 2016 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of over 3% from 2017 to 2025. There are various product types in the industry, including ones based on zinc, calcium, aluminum, and magnesium. The others segment includes, sodium and lithium stearates. The demand for the product in various applications, such as plastics, rubber, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, building & construction, and paints & coatings has increased over the years, and is expected to expand in major markets such as China and India.As a whole any entrepreneur can venture in this project without risk and earn profit.
Plant capacity: Calcium Stabilizer :1.33 MT / day Zinc Stabilizer:1.33 MT / day Calcium-Zinc Stabilizer:1.33 MT / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 62 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 291 lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Herbal/Ayurvedic Hand Sanitizer

Ayurvedic Herbal Hand Sanitizers provides an effective and convenient way to clean your hands when soaps and water are not available. The main ingredient in the hand sanitizers are its extracts (Vanilla, Basil and Sandalwood, Lemon), Vitamin E, and Tea Tree oil. Vitamin E softens rough and dry hands and it is proven to be treating skin infections and Tea Tree Oil softens dry cuticles and provides relief from itching. This alcohol-based sanitizers kill 99.99% bacteria, fungi and prevents from infections. It absorbs in seconds, leaving sweet fragrance and everlasting essence with a feeling upon its repetitive usage. Hand sanitizer is a gel or foam that kills germs and infectious bacteria. It is used as an alternative to hand-washing, and comes in two main varieties, those that are alcohol-based and those which are not. Hand sanitizer is listed on the WHO’s List of Essential Medicines. Hand sanitizer is a liquid or gel generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. They are available as liquids, gels, and foams. Formulations of alcohol-based versions are preferable to hand washing with soap and water in most situations in the healthcare setting. Generally, it is more effective at killing microorganisms than soap and water, with some exceptions such as norovirus and clostridium difficile. The general use of non-alcohol based versions has no recommendations. Outside the healthcare setting, hand washing with soap and water is generally preferred. Hand washing should still be carried out if contamination can be seen or following the use of the toilet. India hand sanitizer market is projected to surpass $ 43 million by 2025. Growth of hand sanitizer market in India can be attributed to rising awareness about healthy lifestyle & wellness, shifting consumer preference towards convenient hygiene products and rising disposable income. Moreover, the strong marketing activities by leading brands, in addition to huge endorsements, are some other drivers of hand sanitizer market in India. Moreover, the COVID-19 outbreak has boosted demand for sanitizers like never before across the diverse end user segments. Traditionally, the conventional methods include washing hands with soil, ash and water but these methods were not proven as they only clean the hands but they didn't sanitize them. With swaying time, people started using the soaps for washing hands but they were also not hygienic due to the frequent touching. Moreover, the world was also facing the outbreaks of communicable diseases such as H1N1 Swine Flu, Bird Flu, Small pox, Measles, Ebola virus, Marburg, Hantaviruses, and the recent one, Covid 19 corona virus. It became very necessary to maintain health and hygiene to overcome this diseases. Hence, the necessity of the hand hygiene products such as liquid hand wash and hand sanitizers emerged in the modern world. India hand sanitizer market is projected to surpass $ 43 million by 2025.Growth of hand sanitizer market in India can be attributed to rising awareness about healthy lifestyle & wellness, shifting consumer preference towards convenient hygiene products and rising disposable income. Moreover, the strong marketing activities by leading brands, in addition to huge endorsements, are some other drivers of hand sanitizer market in India. Moreover, the COVID-19 outbreak has boosted demand for sanitizers like never before across the diverse end user segments. Few Indian major players are as under Ayurvet Ltd. Dabur Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Himalaya Drug Co. Pvt. Ltd. PatanjaliAyurved Ltd. Emami Ltd. Truworth Health Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Herbal/Ayurvedic Hand Sanitizer (100 ml Size each): 20,000 Bottles / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 14 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 724 lakhs
Return: 32.00%Break even: 36.00%
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Active Pharma Ingredients (API) Amoxicillin Trihydrate, Azithromycin & Paracetamol

Active pharmaceutical ingredients are the active substances that are used in the manufacture of a drug and have a pharmacological effect. They provide health benefits and play a vital role in disease diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Active pharmaceutical ingredients may be synthesized either chemically or through biotechnological methods. The Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) is the part of any drug that produces the intended effects. Some drugs, such as combination therapies, have multiple active ingredients to treat different symptoms or act in different ways. Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API), is the term used to refer to the biologically active component of a drug product (e.g. tablet, capsule). Drug products are usually composed of several components. The aforementioned API is the primary ingredient. Other ingredients are commonly known as "excipients" and these substances are always required to be biologically safe, often making up a variable fraction of the drug product. The procedure for optimizing and compositing this mixture of components used in the drug is known as "formulation." India is the seventh largest country in the world and has the second highest population. It has a parliamentary democratic form of government and has abundant natural resources and sufficient oil reserves. The country has a huge skilled, English-speaking, and inexpensive labor force. Its young population and current economic policies have made it one of the largest recipients of FDI in the world. The global active pharmaceutical ingredient market size is expected to reach a value of USD 286.6 billion by 2027, registering a CAGR of 6.7% over the forecast period. Factors, such as increasing preference for outsourcing APIs and growing prevalence of various target diseases such as cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are expected to drive the market growth. Majority of specialty API companies are increasing their manufacturing facilities for specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) to take care of or gain market share. Substantial investments within the growth of approved specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) is one in all the most important factors among key players in the specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) market. For instance, in early 2020, Wuxi STA opened oligonucleotide API manufacturing facility in Changzhou, China to cope up with the increasing demand. In 2018, Cordon Pharma expanded operations with new commercial oligonucleotide active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) manufacturing capabilities at its FDA inspected Colorado facility. The emergence of COVID-19 has brought the world to a standstill. We perceive that this health crisis has brought an unprecedented impact on businesses across industries. However, this too shall pass. Rising support from governments and several companies will help within the fight against this highly contagious disease. There are some industries that are struggling and some are thriving. Overall, almost each sector is anticipated to be impacted by the pandemic. Role of Government towards API The coronavirus outbreak disrupting supply of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and medical devices from China to India, the government has come out with four schemes worth Rs 13,760 crore to encourage manufacturing of bulk drugs and medical devices in the country and their exports. On March 21, the Union Cabinet under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved an expenditure of Rs. 9,940 crore and Rs. 3,820 crore for APIs and medical devices, respectively. The Cabinet also approved a scheme on promotion of bulk drug parks for financing common infrastructure facilities in three bulk drug parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. The government will give grants-in-aid to states with a maximum limit of Rs. 1,000 crore per bulk Drug Park. Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power and steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. The government further approved production linked incentive (PLI) scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/drug intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs. 6,940 crore for next eight years. Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. Rate of incentive will be 20 per cent (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10 per cent for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. The PLI scheme will lead to expected incremental sales of Rs. 46,400 crore and significant additional employment generation over eight years. The drug industry has welcomed the incentives offered by the government to promote API units in India. Besides APIs, the Cabinet also approved the scheme for promotion of medical device parks in the country in partnership with the states. A maximum grant-in-aid of Rs. 100 crore per park will be provided to the states. It will have financial implications of Rs. 400 crore. The PLI scheme for promoting domestic manufacturing of medical devices will have financial implications of Rs. 3,420 crore for next five years. Medical device is a growing sector and its potential for growth is the highest among all sectors in the healthcare market. It is valued at Rs. 50,026 crore for 2018-19 and is expected to reach to Rs. 86,840 crore by 2021-22. India depends on imports up to an extent of 85 per cent of total domestic demand of medical devices. Union Cabinet scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • The scheme on Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks for financing Common Infrastructure Facilities in 3 Bulk Drug Parks with financial implication of Rs. 3,000 crore for next five years. • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical KSMs/Drug Intermediates and APIs in the country with financial implications of Rs6,940 crore for next eight years. Details: Promotion of Bulk Drug Parks • Decision is to develop 3 mega Bulk Drug parks in India in partnership with States. • Government of India will give Grants-in-Aid to States with a maximum limit of Rs. 1000 Crore per Bulk Drug Park. • Parks will have common facilities such as solvent recovery plant, distillation plant, power & steam units, common effluent treatment plant etc. • A sum of Rs. 3,000 crore has been approved for this scheme for next 5 years. Production Linked Incentive Scheme • Financial incentive will be given to eligible manufacturers of identified 53 critical bulk drugs on their incremental sales over the base year (2019-20) for a period of 6 years. • Out of 53 identified bulk drugs, 26 are fermentation based bulk drugs and 27 are chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • Rate of incentive will be 20 % (of incremental sales value) for fermentation based bulk drugs and 10% for chemical synthesis based bulk drugs. • A sum of Rs. 6,940 crore has been approved for next 8 years. Few Indian major players are as under Alpha Remedies Ltd Ankur Drugs & Pharma Ltd. Aurobindo Pharma Ltd. Dr. Reddy'S Laboratories Ltd. Glaxosmithkline Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Farmson Pharmaceutical Gujarat Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Paracetamol:1,000 Kgs / day Azithromycin:500 Kgs / day Amoxicillin Trihydrate:500 Kgs / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 175 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1322 lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Surgical & N95 Masks

A surgical mask, also known as a procedure mask, medical mask or simply as a face mask, is intended to be worn by health professionals during surgery and during nursing to catch the bacteria shed in liquid droplets and aerosols from the wearer's mouth and nose. They are not designed to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne bacteria or virus particles and are less effective than respirators, such as N95 or FFP masks, which provide better protection due to their material, shape and tight seal. Surgical masks are designed to keep operating rooms sterile, preventing germs from the mouth and nose of a wearer from contaminating a patient during surgery. Although they have seen a rise in popularity among consumers during outbreaks such as the coronavirus, surgical masks are not designed to filter out viruses, which are smaller than germs. The India surgical mask market accounted for $58 million in 2017, and is projected to reach $95 million by 2025, registering a CAGR of 6.1% from 2018 to 2025. Surgical masks are made of natural fiber, such as cotton or disposable linen or synthetic materials, such as polypropylene. They are made of different layers including a hydrophobic outer layer, a middle filtering layer, and an inner hydrophilic layer to absorb the fluid and moisture. They are used as a barrier to avoid cross contamination by microorganisms and are used during surgical procedures. The surgical mask is used by surgeons during procedures and other medical professionals while interacting with the patients to avoid cross contamination of microorganisms. The India surgical mask market is driven by various factors, such as increase in elderly population, increase in adoption of surgical mask in the general population, and surge in prevalence of contagious and chronic diseases such as tuberculosis and asthma. Furthermore, rise in the number of medical device manufacturing companies is also anticipated to supplement the growth of the surgical masks industry. The demand within the global market for surgical mask has been rising on account of advancements in the field of medical surgery and diagnosis. Surgical masks are meant to protect doctors and surgeons from harmful infections and pathogens that may get suspended in the surgery room. Furthermore, the patient who is under treatment also needs to be protected from infectious agents that may be discharged by others in the surgery rooms. Hence, the global market for surgical mask is expected to expand at a stellar pace in the years to follow. There have been multiple attempts at manufacturing improved surgical masks, and this has given an impetus to market growth. The world is currently experiencing the pandemic of an infectious disease called COVID-19. This infection leads to multiple organ failure, acute & severe respiratory disorders, pneumonia, and even death in severe cases. Hence, surge in number of people with coronavirus infections is anticipated to drive the global surgical face masks market. According to the World Health Organization, globally, 823,626 confirmed and 72,736 new cases of COVID-19. The effectiveness of surgical face mask in blocking the transmission of SARS is 68%. Therefore, it is widely used by medical workers as part of droplet transmission precaution when caring for patients with respiratory infections. Hence, increase in use of surgical face masks is projected to fuel the growth of the global surgical face masks market. Furthermore, vulnerable populations, such as older adults with chronic conditions, are at high risk of infectious diseases, including COVID-19. Hence, the use of face mask to prevent infections by the geriatric population is anticipated to drive the global market. Few Indian major players are as under 3M India Ltd. Health Insurance T P A Ltd. GoodKimberly-Clark India Pvt. Ltd. Mediklin Healthcare Ltd. Surgeine Healthcare (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Surgical Face Masks (each Pkts = 25 Pcs.): 1,694 Pkts / day N95 Face Masks (each Pkts = 5 Pcs.): 8,467 Pkts / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 350 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 865 lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Biodegradable Plastic Bags from Corn & Cassava Starch Granules

Biodegradable plastic is plastic that decomposes naturally in the environment. This is achieved when microorganisms in the environment metabolize and break down the structure of biodegradable plastic. The end result is one which is less harmful to the environment than traditional plastics. Corn starch is blended with suitable plasticizer, lubricants and other chemical additives and processed in a twin screw extruder to produce thermoplastic starch pellets or granules. These pellets are further processed to manufacture cast or blown films. If disposed of correctly, packaging material made from cornstarch will break down into carbon dioxide and water within several months. However, if the material is not disposed of correctly cornstarch-based material will take longer to decompose, especially if there is no oxygen or light available. The global biodegradable plastic packaging market was valued at USD 4.65 billion in 2019, and is expected to reach a market value of USD 12.06 billion by 2025, registering a CAGR of 17.04% during the forecast period of 2020-2025.Growing environmental concerns regarding plastic usage that consists of toxic pollutants which are harming plants, animals, and people are driving the use of biodegradable plastic. Stringent regulations by various government and federal agencies with an objective to reduce plastic waste and promote biodegradable plastics usage in packaging is boosting the demand of this market. Regulations related to green packaging is increasing and various FMCG companies are required to adopt biodegradable packaging to comply with the standards which in turn is propelling the growth of this market. Biodegradable plastic is plastic that decomposes naturally in the environment by the action of microorganisms in the environment that metabolize and break down the structure of biodegradable plastic. The end result is one which is relatively less harmful to the environment than the traditional plastics. Non-decomposable plastics are a global environmental problem. Governments around the world are dealing with this problem by banning single-use plastics and promoting biodegradable plastics. Moreover, consumers are willing to pay more for biodegradable plastics owing to their eco-friendly nature. Moreover increasing use of biodegradable plastics in packaging and agriculture sectors is projected to drive the global biodegradable plastics market. Based on end-use industry, the biodegradable plastics market has been segmented into packaging & bags, consumer goods, agriculture & horticulture, textile, and others (automotive, medical, and building & construction). Packaging & bags is the largest and the fastest-growing end-use industry of biodegradable plastics. The new applications of biodegradable plastics in the packaging industry are diaper banking, adult incontinence products, and landfill covers. With several innovative products coming up, the use of biodegradable plastics in packaging is expected to increase further.
Plant capacity: Biodegradable Plastic Bags from Corn Starch Granules (Per Bag 25 gms Size): 6 MT per/ day Biodegradable Plastic Bags from Cassava Starch Granules (Per Bag 25 gms Size) : 6 MT per/ day Plant & machinery: Rs 77 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 485 lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 59.00%
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Hydrated Lime Production from Limestone

The term “hydrated lime” is widely used to describe a powdered calcium hydroxide product made by reacting quicklime with a controlled excess of water. The product is essentially dry and generally contains less than 1% of un-reacted water. The process is called “hydration” and should be differentiated from “slaking” which involves the production of a dispersion of calcium hydroxide in water. However, the expression “slaked lime” is used as a generic term for hydrated lime, milk of lime and lime putty. An estimated 10 to 15% of the quicklime produced in developed countries is converted in to hydrated lime and the percentage may be higher in countries which do not have a large steel industry. Because hydrating plants are relatively complex and can be fed with surplus grades of quicklime, there are relatively few of them and they are normally located at a lime works. While the chemical reactions involved in the formation of hydrated lime are simple, the physical chemistry is complex. Lime is second to petroleum as the world's most widely used chemicals. It is used for coagulation, hydroxylation and absorption. Lime is a major component of fertilizer and soil conditioner in agriculture. In the preparation of insecticides, medicines and livestock feeds, lime is used. In the chemical industries, leather industries use lime extensively for liming. Other industries that use lime include cement, soap, steel and paper industries. The global hydrated lime market size will grow by 31.24 MMT during 2018-2022. In terms of value, the global lime market is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of ~ 6% and reach a value of US$ ~65.4 Bn by 2027. Hydrated Lime is a caustic solid substance, white when pure and is obtained by calcining limestone and others forms of calcium carbonates. Hydrated lime has become one of the most important industrial minerals because of its chemical and physical properties, as well as its commercial importance and the simplicity in its production. They are agriculture, water treatment, building, tannery, food processing, breweries, and soft drink, paint and chemical industries. On the basis of geography, the global hydrated lime market can be segmented into nine key regions, namely, South East Asia Pacific, Latin America, Western Europe, Middle East & Africa, China, Japan, Eastern Europe, and India. With growing investments in the Latin America region in the construction sector, the market in the region is projected to witness significant traction. Further, an increase of coal mining and the production of coal in the Asian market are expected to subsequently drive the demand for hydrated lime at the regional level. Increasing demand for pesticides from the South East Asia Pacific region, the hydrated lime market is estimated to grow with a healthy growth rate. Also, China and India are major consumers of hydrated lime. In term of steel production, Europe dominates the market (the region has 168.7 million metric tons production of steel in 2017), owing to that, the demand for hydrated lime in Europe will increase in next few years. Further, the hydrated lime market in developed economies like North America estimated to grow with a healthy growth rate during the forecast period. Few major players are as under Shandong Zhongxin Calcium Industry Co., Ltd., Mississippi Lime Company, Pete Lien & Sons, Inc., Linwood Mining & Minerals Corp., Lhoist, Cheney Lime & Cement Company, United States Lime & Minerals Inc.
Plant capacity: Hydrated Lime: 120 MT / day Plant & machinery: Rs 181 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1415 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 68.00%
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Sodium Borohydride usingTrimethyl Borate

Sodium borohydride, also known as sodium tetrahydridroborate and sodium tetrahydroborate, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaBH4. This white solid, usually encountered as a powder, is a reducing agent that finds application in chemistry, both in the laboratory and on an industrial scale. It has been tested as pretreatment for pulping of wood, but is too costly to be commercialized. The compound is soluble in alcohols, certain ethers, and water, although it slowly hydrolyzes. Sodium Borohydride, also known as sodium tetrahydridroborate, is a white solid, usually encountered as a powder, widely used as a reducing agent in various industries like pharmaceuticals, pulp & paper, metal recovery, textiles, organic chemical purification and others. Sodium borohydride is an effective and a selective specialty reducing agent used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Sodium borohydride is used for reduction of metal ions, carbonyls and peroxides as well as purification and removal of oxidation, odor and color of precursors in organic chemical products. Sodium borohydride is also used to control pollution and recycle noble metals. Sodium borohydride is a less expensive metal hydride and is an efficient and cost-effective reducing agent. Sodium borohydride finds wide area of applications in the synthesis of many intermediates used in manufacture of medicines and fine chemical products, pharmaceuticals, the recovery & preparation of catalysts, precious heavy metals & rare earth metals among others. Sodium borohydride is used as a reducing agent when reacting with ketone chlorine, aldehyde and ketone. Sodium Borohydride Market size is estimated to grow at a moderate rate from 2016 to 2024 owing to the growth in wood pulp, textile, and pharmaceuticals industries. Extensive usage as a bleaching agent in wood pulp and textiles industry will be a major driver for the global sodium borohydride market in the coming years. Pulp and paper industry is likely to grow on the account of increasing demand from the packaging industry. Environmental sustainability of pulp-based packaging material for food products will be a major boosting factor. Rising worldwide pulp consumption and growing textiles industry owing to changing consumer preference for natural fiber based textiles will also augment the industry growth. Sodium borohydride is also used as a hydrogen storage agent due to high hydrogen density, low cost, and relative air stability. With the current global trend to use alternative and clean energy rising, use of hydrogen as a clean fuel is being considered by many countries. Although this trend will lead to increased product use, but commercial and large-scale use of hydrogen as fuel is still far away due to technological limitations. Scope for the product to be used as hydrogen storage agent by energy and automobile industry is mostly at the research phase and will provide a plethora of opportunities for sodium borohydride market growth in the coming years. Sodium borohydride market will witness growth on the account of its application to produce sodium dithionite, a reducing agent used in wood pulp and bleaching industries. Sodium dithionite is also used to produce alcohols by reducing aldehydes and ketones which are used to manufacture various antibiotics. Growing antibiotics demand in the underdeveloped countries of Asia Pacific and Middle East & Africa will propel the global sodium borohydride market in the coming years. The product is also used in the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, which are used in various fields such as electron microscopy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, medical research etc. Gold nanoparticles industry is expected to grow by over 25% CAGR in the forecast period which will drive the sodium borohydride market.
Plant capacity: Sodium Borohydride : 3,000 Kgs / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 92 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 711 lakhs
Return: 32.00%Break even: 61.00%
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Refrigerant Gas R22 Bottling Plant

A refrigerant is a substance or mixture, usually a fluid, used in a heat pump and refrigeration cycle. In most cycles it undergoes phase transitions from a liquid to a gas and back again. The ideal working fluid or often called refrigerant would have favorable thermodynamic properties, be noncorrosive to mechanical components, and be safe, including freedom from toxicity and flammability. The desired thermodynamic properties are a boiling point somewhat below the target temperature, a high heat of vaporization, a moderate density in liquid form, a relatively high density in gaseous form, and a high critical temperature. Since boiling point and gas density are affected by pressure, refrigerants may be made more suitable for a particular application by appropriate choice of operating pressures. Chlorodifluoromethane or difluoromonochloromethane is a hydro chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC). This colorless gas is better known as HCFC-22, or R-22, or (CH ClF2). It is commonly used as a propellant and refrigerant. R-22 cylinders are colored light green. R22 is a single component HCFC refrigerant that has historically been used for air conditioning, medium temperature and low temperature refrigeration. The refrigerants market size is estimated to be USD 22.9 billion in 2018 and is projected reach USD 31.0 billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 6.2% between 2018 and 2023. The market is mainly driven by the rising demand for refrigerants from the applications domestic, commercial, and industrial refrigeration; chillers; window, split, VRF, and other air-conditioning systems; and MAC. Growing demand for refrigerants in upcoming applications has created various opportunities for its manufacturers. APAC is the key market for refrigerants, globally, followed by North America and Europe, in terms of volume. One of the primary drivers of the market is the increasing demand for consumer appliances in these regions. Increase in demand for energy-efficient cooling solutions and rising awareness regarding global warming and ozone depletion is expected to shape the industry over the forecast period. Fluorocarbon phase-out as per regulations laid down by the Montreal Protocol and updated by the Kyoto Protocol has led to a resurgence in demand for natural refrigerants. The hydrocarbon and inorganic segments are, therefore, expected to witness considerable growth. The stationary air conditioning, chillers, and heat pumps segment dominated the market by application and accounted for over 47% of the overall volume in 2016. Increased spending power of the middle class on consumer appliances, such as refrigeration systems, has resulted in the growth of this segment. Rising demand for cooling equipment owing to rapid industrialization, deteriorating weather conditions, and growth in the manufacture of consumer appliances has also positively influenced its demand. Commercial refrigeration is another application witnessing significant growth. Increasing hypermarket, supermarket, and food retail chains, coupled with rise in consumption of packaged and frozen foods, has boosted the demand for commercial refrigerants. Few major players are as under Jiangxi Bosheng New Refrigerant Co., Ltd. Quzhou JinyuanHongtai Refrigerant Co., Ltd Anhui T.C Refrigerant High-tech Co., LTD Hangzhou Elk Refrigerant High-Tech Co., Ltd Refrigerant & Chemical
Plant capacity: Refrigerant Gas R22 (Cylinder 10 Kgs Size): 166 Nos / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 24 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs179 lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 64.00%
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Peanut Butter

Peanut butter is a food paste made from ground nut or peanut. It consists essentially of cleaned, graded, blanched, roasted and crushed groundnuts containing about 45 percent of oil and over 25 percent of proteins, being thus a highly nutritive food.Since India occupies the first position both in regard tothe area and the production of groundnut, in the world, it is bound to explore all the qualitative values of groundnut, and use it to the maximum. The major groundnut-producing countries of the world are India, China, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Burma and the USA. Out of the total area of 18.9 million hectares and the total production of 17.8 million tonnes in the world, these countries account for 69% of the area and 70% of the production. India occupies the position, both in regard to the area and the production, in the world. About 7.5 million hectares is put under it annually and the production is about 6 million tonnes. 70% of the area and 75% of the production are concentrated in the four states of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Orissa have irrigated area forms about 6% of the total groundnut area in India. In United State's half the crop is processedintoedible productsmainlypeanut butter, otherproductsincludepeanut candy,salted nuts peanut butter is made and consumedprimarily in the U.S. The peanuts are shelled and dry-roasted the skins are removed and the nuts are finally ground. Global trade of Indian Peanuts or Indian Groundnut oil is to the maximum of 100000 tons a year. EU and major importers. Senegal and Argentina are the major Peanuts exporters. Around 75% of the crop is produced in khariff (June - September) and remaining 25% in Rabi (November - March). India exported around 100000 tons of groundnut oil in 2003-04 after 4 decades, as crop failed in Senegal and Argentina. Peanuts or Groundnut kernels are approx. 70% of weight in shells and kernels have an oil recovery of 40-42%. China (2-2.5 million tons), India (1.5-2 million tons) is the major producers of groundnut oil, followed by Sub-Saharan African countries and Central and South America. Groundnut is the major oilseed of India. It accounts for around 25% of the total oilseed production of the country. Annual production of Indian Peanuts and Indian Peanuts oil are around 5-8mln and 1.5 mln tons respectively. Peanuts Production is highly vulnerable to rainfall deviations and display huge fluctuation between years. Various drivers for peanut butter market includes rising demand for nutritious products coupled with increasing disposable income of consumers especially in developing countries. Other drivers that fuel the growth of peanut butter market are increasing demand for low calorie healthy food and emergence of hectic life schedule. Changing lifestyle coupled with shift towards the intake of convenient food are also factors that are expected to drive the peanut butter market in the coming four to five years. Major restraint that is expected to hamper the growth of the overall peanut butter market is the availability of peanut at relatively competitive prices coupled with fluctuating production of peanuts especially in India. Few Indian major players are as under Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd Agro Tech Foods Limited Dr. Oetker India Pvt Ltd Parag Milk Foods Limited Britannia Dairy Private Limited Mother Dairy Fruit & Vegetable Private Limited
Plant capacity: Peanut Butter: 8,000 Kgs / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 126 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 562 lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 53.00%
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