Africa - Best Business Opportunities, Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

How do you identify business opportunities in Africa?


Industry experts are beginning to view Africa as the “new Asia” in terms of economic growth and business opportunity. 

Africa is becoming an increasingly attractive hub for investors in light of various economic, political and social reforms that are sweeping through the continent, resulting in a much improved business environment conducive for foreign direct investment. Apart from that, there is widespread development of critical social and physical infrastructure, and there is an increasing pool of well-educated, English-speaking, enterprising workers in most countries across the continent.

It’s true there are lots of amazing business opportunities in Africa. However, it can get very confusing if you don’t know where to look. In this article, I’ll show you some of the hottest business opportunities in Africa that will create more successful entrepreneurs.

Food Processing & Agriculture:  As the world’s population increases rapidly (recently exceeding the 7 billion mark), global agricultural production must rise to feed these growing numbers. Much of that increased agricultural production will come from Africa. The opportunities in Africa’s food and agribusiness space remain huge and will not go out of fashion anytime soon. The demand of quality food is increasing for a growing population, especially in urban areas. This situation presents many business opportunities in food industry sector. It is time for you to seize these business opportunities by starting a small food processing industry and create value-added products from cereals, grains, nuts, fruits and vegetables.

Invest and start a business in Food Processing & Agriculture in Africa. Here’s some projects for investment:

·         Modern Soyabeans Production

·         Modern Vegetables Production

·         Modern Fruits Production

·         Modern Maize Production

·         Modern Cassava Production

·         Small Scale Rice Mill

·         Small Scale Palm Oil Extraction Mill

·         Honey Processing Plant

·         Poultry Feed Plant

·         Water Purification and Bottling Plant

·         Sugar Cane Production Plant 

·         Dairy Processing Plant


Pharmaceuticals: Africa may be the only pharmaceutical market where genuinely high growth is still achievable. Business opportunities are also present in the manufacturing and distribution of pharma products, marketing and sales, and investment groups. Africa’s pharmaceutical markets are growing in every sector. Between 2013 and 2020, prescription drugs are forecast to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 6 percent, generics at 9 percent, over-the-counter medicines at 6 percent, and medical devices at 11 percent. Africa’s pharmaceutical industry has great potential for boosting economic growth and creating jobs. Given current sustained and rapid economic growth, the African pharmaceutical industry, like that of other emerging markets, is expected to grow tremendously in the coming years.

Opportunities for investment in the pharmaceutical and medical supplies sub-sector in Ethiopia include :

A.     Production of essential drugs:  Essential drugs that satisfy the priority health care needs of the population are selected with due regard to public health relevance, evidence on safety, efficacy, quality and comparative cost effectiveness.

B.    Production of raw materials:    There is high opportunity for local production of raw materials for pharmaceutical industries in the country.         

  Following are possible potential of raw material production:

      · Maize starch

      · Refined sugar

      · Glucose syrup

      · Rectified sprite and ethanol

      · Sodium chloride

      · Packaging materials


Tourism:   An important factor in the expansion of tourism in Africa relates directly to the number of private companies attracting regional and international investment. Evidence of this growth is in the number of global hotel chains that are investing in major projects in Africa. The rapid growth of tourism in many developing countries also introduces new threats to the environment. Water and energy consumption, utilization of natural resources, and increased wastes are just some potential negative environmental impacts. Through sustainable forms of tourism development many of these impacts can be mitigated. Sustainable tourism development is also smart business, as a growing numbers of travelers increasingly seek environmentally friendly vacation destinations.

You're all geared up and you must find some profitable Tourism Investment Opportunities in Africa. You therefore feel it is wise to use some of your saving to start a Tourism business in Africa. You will find Uganda information on these six (6) major Tourism Investment Opportunities

·         Tour Operators

·         Water Sports

·         Hotel Accommodation

·         Serviced Apartments

·         Conference and Incentives Travel, and

·         National Park Concessions




Building and Construction Supplies:  Africa is going through a construction boom, an opportunity that will certainly create a lot of wealth for entrepreneurs on the continent. High building and construction activities are often signs of growing economies. When the economy looks good, the demand for residential, commercial and all kinds of real estate usually goes through the roof. The successful delivery of the government and the private sector infrastructure programs depends on the effective functioning of many stakeholders – including the building and construction materials sector. Against the need for a healthy building and construction materials sector, the cidb has developed this report on the building and construction materials sector. A key focus of this study has been on:

• Opportunities and challenges in the building and construction materials sector, and specifically;

• Opportunities for new job creation, enterprise development, and empowerment in the building and construction materials sector.

Cement is just one example of several building and construction supplies that are growing in demand across Africa. 


Fashion & Beauty:  Africa’s fashion and beauty market is developing at an impressive rate. The continent’s overwhelmingly young population provides a ready market for trendy fashion. All kinds of apparel, including locally-made fabrics and imported designer labels have become hot-selling products across Africa’s rapidly expanding urban areas. Africa has hundreds of rising stars who are building successful businesses in the fashion and beauty industry. The beauty industry in the Middle East and Africa was estimated at about $20.4 billion in 2011, according to the market research company Euromonitor International. South Africa alone represented $3.9 billion; Nigeria and Kenya are second and third among sub-Saharan nations, with Kenya’s market totaling more than $260 million. Over all, Africa is the next frontier for global luxury goods brands. African fashion has enjoyed massive media presence in recent times, which means the world is now aware of the industry and the capabilities of its designers.


Reasons for buying our reports:

This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, market potential of the product and reasons for investing in the product

This report provides vital information on the product like its characteristics and segmentation

This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product 

This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like machinery required, project costs and snapshot of other project financials

The report provides a glimpse of government regulations applicable on the industry

The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decisions.


Our Approach:

Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast for a period of five years.

The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players

We use reliable sources of information and databases. And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report

We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

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Hospital - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project, Profitability Ratios

Profile A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment by specialized staff and equipment. Hospitals often, but not always, provide for inpatient care or longer term patient stays. Presently, every city or town in India has no. of private hospitals furnished with latest medical facilities available and with more qualified surgeons, physicians and specialist doctors. Even sometimes, they are furnished with more modern machines than those available in the nearby Government Hospital. These hospitals can be seen well crowded as they provide very good service at a smile. As they are run by privates very good medical care is provided by them. A private hospital is a place where one may get treatment from ordinary fever to a major surgery operation. As a matter of fact, no limitation has been made for the facilities available in a hospital. However, generally all private hospitals are provided with latest facilities and ultra modern machines. In a hospital, surgeons, physicians, E.N.T., specialists, children specialist, Eye-surgeon, psychologists and sex-specialist are essential Guiding Principles in Planning Hospital Facilities and Services Some important principles of planning hospital facilities and services are stated below: • High Quality Patient Care • Effective Community Orientation • Economic Viability • Sound Architectural Plan • Preliminary Survey Architectural Design of Hospital Hospital buildings should be designed to minimize the effort of medical personnel and the possibility of contamination while maximizing the efficiency of the whole system. Travel time for personnel within the hospital and the transportation of patients between units is facilitated and minimized. The building also should be built to accommodate heavy departments such as radiology and operating rooms while space for special wiring, plumbing, and waste disposal must be allowed for in the design. Some newer hospitals now try to re establish design that takes the patients psychological needs into account, such as providing more fresh air, better views and more pleasant colour schemes. These ideas harkens back to the late eighteenth century, when the concept of providing fresh air and access to the healing powers of nature were first employed by hospital architects in improving their buildings. Good hospital design can reduce patients recovery time. Exposure to daylight is effective in reducing depression. Single sex accommodation help ensure that patients are treated in privacy and with dignity. Exposure to nature and hospital gardens is also important looking out windows improves patients moods and reduces blood pressure and stress level. Eliminating long corridors can reduce nurses fatigue and stress. Another ongoing major development is the change from a ward-based system (where patients are accommodated in communal rooms, separated by movable partitions) to one in which they are accommodated in individual rooms. The ward based system has been described as very efficient, especially for the medical staff, but is considered to be more stressful for patients and detrimental to their privacy. A major constraint on providing all patients with their own rooms is however found in the higher cost of building and operating such a hospital; this causes some hospitals to charge for private rooms. Market Scenario of Hospitals Healthcare delivery market is to grow at 12 per cent to Rs 4.2 trillion by 2015 to 16. Based on the health indicators for India released by the WHO experts says that the Indian healthcare delivery industry to reach Rs 2.3 trillion in 2010 to 11. As healthcare coverage across the country increases, the industry is expected to register a CAGR of 12 per cent to reach Rs 4.2 trillion in 2015 to 16. As private investments have been skewed towards in-patient department (IPD) treatments, its share in the overall market is expected to increase from 64 per cent in 2010-11 to 66 per cent by 2015 to 16. The growth in demand for healthcare delivery services will be mainly driven by a combination of various factors including changing demographics, increasing income levels, and greater health awareness and increasing health insurance coverage. Investments of over Rs 5.6 trillion required to attain healthcare delivery benchmarks
Plant capacity: 105 Bedded HospitalPlant & machinery: 476 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1099 Lakhs
Return: 33.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Medical College with Hospital - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project

Profile A medical college is meant to impart education of medical field to students to qualify them as doctors in different specialized disciplines so as to treat patients suffering from various ailments. Doctors with their dedicated spirit serve the nation at large by providing medication and treatment for eradication of diseases, which exchange health and add suffering to humanity. Normally a medical college is associated with a hospital. Hospitals provide the facilities of O.P.D. and admission for seriously ill seriously injured, seriously burnt and pregnant ladies, causalities etc. A private hospital is a place where one may get treatment from ordinary fever to a major surgery operation. As a matter of fact, no limitation has been made for the facilities available in a hospital. However, generally all private hospitals are provided with latest facilities and ultra modern machines. In a hospital, surgeons, physicians, E.N.T, specialists, children specialist, eye surgeon, psychologists and sex-specialist are essential. Departments in a hospital are as follows: • Cardiology • E.N.T Maternity • Eye section • Children ward • Laboratory • X-ray room & ECG clinic • Physician ? Modern Medical Equipment Today medical technology has come far with new technologies emerging with amazing rapidity. These include X ray image intensifies, catheterization, CT scanner, ultrasound scanners, gamma camera, open-heart surgery, image technique, NMR etc. It is worth pausing and taking stock of the current state of the art in medical instrumentation, which is assisting the medical profession in extending succor to the millions in need. Medical electronics is a fairly new field in India offering considerable scope for import substitution. Nuclear magnetic resonance images are based on the interaction of a body's atomic nuclear with a powerful satic magnetic field. Computer Topography is a graphic transversal topographic method that enables absorption profile of a cross section of the human body to be represented in a matrix on a TV screen. Several measurement methods in medicine are based on the principle of ultrasound transmission. Currently, the main application of Doppler ultrasound has been in cardiac anomalies in which it is possible to measure, quantitatively, the performance of the heart. Angiography visualization of blood vessels by contrast medium serves to detect direct and indirect diseases of the vascular system. In the latter case of displacement of vessels by tumors, is angiography in sometimes indispensable for making accurate assessments. Indian Scenario Indias medical education market in 2009 to 10 was Rs. 21 billion which grew by a CAGR about 10% in last three years. I is estimated that the Indian medical education market to grow at a CAGR of 18% by 2012 to 13 to attain a market size of Rs. 35 billion. In India, the growing awareness of the role of health development as a vital component of socio economic development, has contributed to the increase in number of medical colleges. In the past ten years, the total number of colleges increased to 572 in 2008 to 10, registering a growth of 65%. In spite of the continuous growth in the medical education sector over the past few years, the country has not been able to meet the growing needs for medical professionals in the country. Therefore the medical education market in India offers an excellent investment opportunity. ?
Plant capacity: 100 Students/Annum, 500 Bedded HospitalPlant & machinery: 1729 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 4824 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Extraction of Ultra Pure Silicon from Rice Husk Ash - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Profitability Ratios

Profile Rice husk ash is a unique source of high grade amorphous silica. The silica present in rice husk, being of biogenic origin, is inherently amorphous. Amorphous silica obtained from rice husk is chemically active and hence a very useful product. At higher temperatures, it undergoes a phase change resulting into crystalline forms of silica The silica precipitation technology is a novel method for silica precipitation where the chemicals used are regenerated making it a closed loop operation. Successful studies for extraction of silica on laboratory scale, which meet the industrial requirements, have been carried out. Also studies are being carried out for suitable application of the undigested ash obtained after extraction, in water treatment plants with or without further improving the activated carbon content of the ash. 70% conversion is achieved on ash basis and around 90 to 95% on silica in ash basis. Properties of Silicon Property - Value Crystal structure - Diamond cubic Atomic weight - 28.085 Melting point °C - 1410 Boiling point °C - 2355 Vapour pressure; Pa at 880°C - 1.33 X 10-8 Density gm/cm3 at 25°C - 80 Critical temp °C - 2339 Process of extraction 1. Digestion: This involves the digestion of the rice husk ash with caustic at specific conditions. In this process the silica in the ash is gets extracted with caustic to form sodium solution. After the completion of the digestion the solution is filtered for the residual undigested ash present in the solution. The clear filtrate is taken for precipitation. 2. Precipitation: This step involves precipitation of silica from the sodium silicate solution. Carbon dioxide at a specific flow rate is passed through the silicate solution at design conditions. Continuous stirring is employed during the operation. The precipitated silica is filtered, washed with water to remove the soluble salts and dried. The filtrate containing sodium carbonate is taken for regeneration. 3. Regeneration: Regeneration is the step where calcium compound reacts with the sodium carbonate to form calcium carbonate and sodium hydroxide. The resulting solution is filtered to remove the solid calcium carbonate and aqueous sodium hydroxide is used for digestion again. The calcium carbonate is washed with water and dried. The dried calcium carbonate can be either calcined to get calcium oxide, which is reused, for regeneration or the calcium carbonate is sold and fresh calcium hydroxide is used for regeneration which gives an option of one more value addition. 4. Production of Ultrapure Silicon A chlorine based system is used in the method of transferring silicon from SiO2 to polysilicon. The process is flexible enough to allow the use of chlorine as the halide conversion medium by modifying the process, hydrogen, argon and a silicon chloride containing gas are injected into inductively coupled plasma operating at a temperature of approximately 2500°C. Under these conditions, the silicon chlorides decompose to silicon, chlorine, and possibly hydrogen ions, and the gaseous product flows into a baffled cold trap held at approximately 1500°C. by resistance heating. The Si ions react with electrons from the ionized hydrogen gas to form molten silicon metal condensate that can be vacuum cast into polysilicon ingots. The hot chlorine laden gas is drawn from the cold trap and pushed through a fluidized bed at approximately 1200°C, containing silica (SiO2) particulate. Prior to the injection of the hot chlorine gas, the silica particulate is pre heated in a dryer to approximately 1000°C. A small amount of hydrogen is required in the fluidized bed in order to facilitate the formation of HCl gas and begin the reaction: 4HCl + SiO2 ?2H2 O + SiCl4 Additionally, some SiCl3 H will be formed by the reaction: HCl + SiCl4 ? SiCl3 H + Cl2 Si + HCl ? Applications of Pure Silicon Silicones have a wide range of application because of their excellent properties of thermal stability etc. They find wide application in adhesive, lubricants, protective coatings and mold release agents manufacturing. They are widely used as from stabilizers for poly methanes, diffusion, pumps antifoaming agents for liquid, textile finishes. Silicones also find application in manufacturing of weather proofing concretes. Silicon is used in the aluminium industry to improve castability and weldability, not to add strength as noted in the text. Silicon-aluminium alloys tend to have relatively low strength and ductility, so other metals, especially magnesium and copper, are often added to improve strength. Silicon resins are widely used as coatings, moulding compounds, laminates sealants, room temperature curing cements for electrical insulation, impregnating electric coils, bonding agents and vibrating damping devices. Semiconductor grade silicon is used in the manufacture of silicon chips and solar cells. Fumed silica is used as filler in the cement and refractory materials industries, as well as in heat insulation and filling material for synthetic rubbers, polymers and grouts. Silicon rubbers are versatile materials, which find application in a wide variety of products. It is also used in medical devices used within the body (surgical).
Plant capacity: 300 Kg/dayPlant & machinery: 246 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 557 Lakhs
Return: 39.00%Break even: 46.00%
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L Ascorbic Acid - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Profile L Ascorbic acid is an organic acid with antioxidant properties. Its appearance is white to light yellow crystals or powder. It is water soluble. The L enantiomer of ascorbic acid is commonly known as vitamin C. L Ascorbic acid is a versatile water soluble radical scavenger widely distributed in aerobic organisms that plays a central role in the protection of cellular components against oxidative damage by free radicals and oxidants that are involved in the development and exacerbation of a multitude of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, brain dysfunction, aging, rheumatism, inflammation, stroke, emphysema, and AIDS. L Ascorbic acid (also called vitamin C) is a carbohydrate like substance involved in the metabolic functions including synthesis of collagen, maintenance of the structural strength of the blood vessels, metabolism of certain amino acids, and the synthesis or release of hormones in the adrenal glands. It occurs as a white or slightly yellow crystal or powder with a slight acidic taste. L Ascorbic Acid is freely soluble in water; sparingly soluble in alcohol; insoluble in chloroform, ether, and benzene. Properties Appearance White odourless crystalline solid Empirical formula: C6H8O6 Molecular weight: 176.1 Melting point: About 190°C (with decomposition) Source of L Ascorbic Acid The main sources of L ascorbic acid for humans are from plants and animals with indigenous biosynthetic capabilities of producing L ascorbic acid. The ubiquitousness of L-ascorbic acid throughout the human body emphasizes its daily requirement and vitality as a nutrient for healthy maintenance. Its biological half-life in humans is 14 to 40 days after normal intake and a vitamin C free diet in a human develops scurvy in about 3 to 4 months. The vast majority of species of plants and animals are known to synthesize their own vitamin C. A majority of vertebrates such as amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals are able to synthesize L ascorbic acid. Molecules similar to ascorbic acid are made by some fungi but not by bacteria. ? Applications Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) is an essential nutrient that the human body cannot manufacture from other compounds. • It is needed for the formation of collagen, the protein that makes up connective tissue, and is essential to muscles, bones, cartilage, and blood vessels. • Ascorbic acid is also a good anti-oxidant, preventing damage from oxygen free radicals. • Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is used extensively in the food industry, not only for its nutritional value but for its many functional contributions to product quality. • Acting as an antioxidant, ascorbic acid can improve the color and palatability of many kinds of food products. By removing oxygen from its surroundings, ascorbic acid in its reduced form becomes the oxidized form, de hydro ascorbic acid (see in the fig). This oxidizing action reduces the available oxygen in its immediate environment, making ascorbic acid an effective antioxidant. • L ascorbic acid or L ascorbate is a vital nutrient for many animals, including humans. It is an antioxidant which protects the body against oxidative stress. Market Scenario Ascorbic acid is major food ingredients, and also plays a major role in the fermentation industry. In the past ten years, the markets for these products have changed dramatically. The demand for ascorbic acid in food and non food applications has increased continuously and substantial capacities have been built up. The global market for isoascorbic acid, ascorbic acid and citric acid is estimated at $1,700 million. Food applications account for $1,080 million, feed applications for $90 million. Chinese producers currently have a market share of 37% in isoascorbic acid, 65% in ascorbic acid and 34% in citric acid. Sales of isoascorbic acid will grow at an average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 2.9%. The European market for citric acid accounts for a total of 37% of sales and the U.S. market for 28% of sales. Current world production is estimated at approximately 80,000 metric tons per year with a worldwide market in excess of $600 million. It is synthesized both biologically and chemically from D glucose. ?
Plant capacity: 240 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 72 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project : 211 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Integrated Unit (Herbal Hair Oils, Herbal Cosmetic, Ayurvedic Pharmacy)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Profile Herbal hair oil mainly comprises of oils of vegetable in origin as base and a suitable blended perfume. Vegetable oils commonly used are coconut, caster and sea some oils. To avoid rancidity of hair oils antioxidants are added in very little quantities. The hair oils may be coloured by the use of oil soluble colours. Now a day’s people have special attraction for use of herbal hair oil. The ingredients used in herbal hair oil are Amla dry fruits, Mehandi leaves, Brahmi Plant, Lemon oil, Harar dry fruits, Bahera dry fruits, kapurkachari rhizome, Almond oil etc. Herbal Cosmetics are formulated, using various permissible cosmetic ingredients to form the base in which one or more herbal ingredients are used to provide defined cosmetic benefits only, shall be called as Herbal Cosmetics. Mixtures and pastes were then used to whiten the face, a practice which remained popular till over four hundred years later. Herbals extracts are processed for curing several remedies and serve other health prospective. In the extraction process, the herbs are smashed in a bowl to squeeze out the juice. Later the liquefied juice is mixed with essential substances to prepare the herbal extracts. Herbal extracts in liquid and other forms have proved to be panacea in the diseases like cardiac problems, digestive disorders and in mental fatigues. Applications Herbal Hair Care Cosmetics uses Henna (Lawsonia Inermis), Amla (Emblica Officinalis), Shikakai (Acacia Concinna), Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri), Bhringraj (Eclipta Alba), Guar Gum (Cyamopsis tetragonolobus) to obtain healthy hair. Herbal Lip Care Cosmetics includes Herbal Lipsticks, Herbal Lip Gloss, Herbal Lip Balm, and Herbal lip plumper advantages over existing process/product: Aroma mood lifting, anti depressant, anti stress, creative thought inducing, anxiety reducing, refreshing, stimulant, soothing, fragrant & antimicrobial. Composition has improved moisturizing effect. Herbal skin care products such as lavender silk soaps, lotions creams, body powder, lavender herbal body powder, skin care creams are well known. herbal eye care cosmetics: eye makeup, eye shadows, eye gloss, liquid eye liners herbal creams, lotions, gel, creams, aloe moisturizing hand cream, rich face and hand cream, herbal moisturizers herbal oils: herbal oils are effective for baldness, falling of hair, thinning of hair, dandruff, and irritation & itching of scalp, patchy baldness, and maintenance of fine head of hair herbal perfumes & fragrances: citrus fragrance: the light, fresh character of citrus notes (bergamot, orange, lemon, petit grain, mandarin etc.) is often combined with more feminine scents (flowers, fruits and chypre). Ayurveda is mainly based on herbs, plants, flowers, fruits, vegetables and all vegetation that grows around us in plenty. It is our native system based on the peculiar Indian conditions. Further whatever is available on our own country is bound to be more suitable in creating good health to us rather than borrowed knowledge as well as materials. Charaka samhita stresses the same point. It is preventive, protective, health primitive and curative in nature. At the same time herbal remedies are self contained, and nutritive rendering them harmless and non toxic. This provides a constructive approach against destructive forces. Market Scenario Herbal extracts have shown commercial aspects as well. Herbal extracts are cultivated all over the world and is prime name in horticulture sector. In the present, masses are drifting towards nature and several cosmetics, fashionable items and others are prepared from it. The hair oil market is huge, valued at Rs 6 bn. Due to the varied consumption habits of consumers across the country, where coconut oil and edible oil are interchangeably used, the size of the market is likely to be higher than estimated. More importantly, the market is growing at an impressive 6 to 7% in volume terms despite the high penetration level. The cosmetic segment primarily comprises of colour cosmetics (face, eye, lip and nail care products), perfumes, talcum powder and deodorants. All these are very small segments. The size of Indian Cosmetics Industry globally is $ 274 billion, while that of the Indian cosmetic industry is $ 4.6 billion. According to analysis and figures given by the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII), the total Indian beauty and cosmetic market size currently stands at US $950 million and showing growth between 15 to 20% per annum. Industry sources estimate a rapid growth rate of 20% per annum. Cost Estimation: Capacity: Herbal hair Oil : 200 ml Packs, 600000 Ltrs/Annum Henna Powder : 500 gm Packs, 300000 Kg/Annum Face Pack : 200 gm Pack, 60000 Kg/Annum Cream/Paste : 50 gm Pack, 60000 Kg/Annum Medicine Powder : 100 gm Pack, 60000 Kg/Annum Medicine Tablets : 50 gm Pack, 60000 Kg/Annum Herbal Syrup : 200 gm pack, 60000 Kg/Annum Herbal Semi Solid : 500 gm Pack, 60000 Kg/Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 147 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project : 737 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 62.00%
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Goat Farming for Meat and Breeding - Cattle Breeding Farm, Fodder, Livestock Farming, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Goat is one of the world’s smallest domesticated livestock, have been actively managed for food and fiber earlier and longer than cattle and sheep. Goats can survive on bushes, trees, desert scrub, and vegetation that sheep and cattle are not able to consume. This dietary versatility and adaptability combined with a hardy constitution is what makes goats a primary livestock animal for most of the world. The goat; a mini cow is multipurpose animal to provide milk meat, hide, hair (fur) and manure for soil. In hilly areas goats are also used for hauling light load. Now in rural areas goat farming plays a vital role to solve unemployment. The economic return from keeping goats is high compared to other farming enterprises. Goats can reproduce under extreme conditions that would eliminate other species. They can live in hot, tropical climates as well as cool, temperate climates. They seem to be able to live and even flourish under desert conditions. These factors have made goats a very important domestic animal. Goat farming can be a profitable occupation of a farmer and can be fit well into mixed farming. Classification of Goats The wild goats have four species as follows Ibex (Capra ibex), Spanish Idex (Capra pyrenacia), Markhor (Capra falconeri), and Wild Goat (Capra aegarus). On the basis of body weight goat breeds in India can be broadly classified as large sized (Jamunapari, Beetal, Jhakarana), mediusm sized (Sirohi or Marwari/Golwadi, Zalabari, Kitchi, Surti, Sangamneri, Osmanabadi, Gaddi, Ganjam, Chegu) and small sized (Bengal types, Assam hill goat). The scientific name of domestic goat is Capra hircus aegagrius. Advantages of Goat Farming / Utility of Goats: • The goat is a multipurpose animal producing meat, milk, hide, fiber and manure. In hilly areas, goats are also used for hauling light loads. • Goats have very few demands of housing and management. They hardly need separate housing and happily share their homes with their owners or his other livestock. • Goats can be raised by landless agricultural labourers, ladies and children because they can thrive well on variety of leaves, shrubs, bushes, kitchen waste etc. • Goat farming can be a profitable occupation for a farmer and can fit well into mixed farming. • Goats are cheaper to maintain, easily available and have a friendly disposition. • Goats are capable of adapting to various agro climatic conditions ranging from arid dry to cold arid to hot humid. They can be raised in plains, hilly tracts, sandy zones and at high altitudes. • Goats are more tolerant to hot climate than other farm animals. • Goats suffer from fewer ailments than other large animals. • Goats are called the foster mother of man, as their milk is considered better for human nutrition than other species of livestock. Milk is cheap, wholesome, easily digestible and nutritious. • Goat milk is finer than cow milk i.e. the fats and proteins are present in a finer state and are more easily digestible, especially by children and invalids. • Goat milk has lesser allergic problems than other species of livestock. • Goat milk is used as ayurvedic medicine for personas ailing with asthma, cough, diabetes etc. And has higher buffering qualities and this enhances its value for patients suffering from peptic ulcers, liver dysfunction, jaundice, billiard disorders and other digestive problems. • Goat hide is used for the manufacture of leather products. • Goat hairs are used for the manufacture of rugs and ropes. • Pashmina shawls, Mohair and Kashmere carpets are in great demand and are sold at very high prices. • Goat manure is 2.5 times richer in nitrogen and phosphoric acid than cow manure. Market Scenario The world population of goats is approximately 674 million, of which 94% are found in the developing countries. Africa and Asia account for about 81% of the total population in the developing countries, including a bewildering variety of breeds. Goat rearing is the backbone of economy of small and landless farmers in India. It is an insurance against crop failure and provides alternate source of livelihood to farmers all the year round. Goats play an important role in income generation, capital storage, employment generation and improving household nutrition. Goats are among the main meat-producing animals in India, whose meat (chevon) is one of the choicest meats and has huge domestic demand. Besides meat, goats provide other products like milk, skin, fibre and manure. Goats are important part of rural economy, particularly in the arid, semi arid and mountainous regions of the country with more than 124 million population. The largest amount of goat milk is produced in India, followed by Bangladesh and Sudan. China has the largest total number of goats in the world, but they are mainly kept for meat production. ?
Plant capacity: 1000 GoatsPlant & machinery: 6 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 115 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 33.00%
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Surfactants (Hand Wash, Floor Cleaner, Toilet Cleaner, Phenyl Black and White, Glass Cleaner, Dish Wash Liquid, Air Freshener)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey

Profile Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension of a liquid, the interfacial tension between two liquids, or that between a liquid and a solid. Surfactants may act as Air freshener, detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, foaming agents, and dispersants. Surfactants are usually organic compounds that are amphiphilic, meaning they contain both hydrophobic groups (their tails) and hydrophilic groups (their heads). Therefore, a surfactant molecule contains both water insoluble (or oil soluble) component and water soluble component. Surfactant molecules will diffuse in water and adsorb at interfaces between air and water or at the interface between oil and water, in the case where water is mixed with oil. The insoluble hydrophobic group may extend out of the bulk water phase, into the air or into the oil phase, while the water soluble head group remains in the water phase. This alignment of surfactant molecules at the surface modifies the surface properties of water at the water/air or water/oil interface. Classification of Surfactants • Anionic Surfactants • Nonionic Surfactants • Cationic Surfactants Dynamics of surfactants at interfaces The dynamics of adsorption of surfactants is of great importance for practical applications such as foaming, emulsifying or coating processes, where bubbles or drops are rapidly generated and need to be stabilized. The dynamics of adsorption depends on the diffusion coefficient of the surfactants. Indeed, as the interface is created, the adsorption is limited by the diffusion of the surfactants to the interface. In some cases, there exists a barrier of energy for the adsorption or desorption of the surfactants, then the adsorption dynamics is known as 'kinetically-limited'. Such energy barrier can be due to steric or electrostatic repulsions. The surface rheology of surfactant layers, including the elasticity and viscosity of the surfactant layers plays a very important role in foam or emulsion stability. Application Surfactants play an important role as cleaning, wetting, dispersing, emulsifying, foaming and anti-foaming agents in many practical applications and products, including: • Air Freshener • Dish wash liquid • Glass cleaner • Phenyl • Toilet cleaner • Floor cleaner • Hand wash • Herbicides (some) • Insecticides • Quantum dot coatings • Biocides (sanitizers) • Toothpastes • Firefighting • Pipelines, liquid drag reducing agent Market Potential Global demand for anionic surfactants was approximately 6.5 million tons in 2010. Anionic and non-ionic surfactants combined account for roughly 85 percent of global demand for surfactants. Most important buyers worldwide include manufacturers of household cleaners & detergents. Industrial cleaners accounted for just less than 9% of global consumption in 2010. Body care products and cosmetics had a 9.5% share. Other industrial applications such as agrochemicals, photochemicals, oil field chemicals, construction materials, food stuffs, adhesives, lubricants as well as metal working, mining and pulp & paper accounted for approximately 11% of worldwide consumption. Both laundry care and dishwashing products had extremely constrained rises in unit prices as mass-market categories such as hand dishwashing and bar detergents witnessed intense competition over the year. However, 2010 sales growth in terms of retail volume was comparable to and slightly higher than that seen over the review period. Surfactant demand from manufacturers of household cleaners like floor cleaner, toilet cleaner, glass cleaner etc. & detergents is predicted to rise by 2.6% per yr by 2018. ? Cost Estimation: Capacity: 12000 Ltrs./day (Air Freshner, Dish Washer, Glass Cleaner, Glass Cleaner, Phenyl Black/White, Toilet Cleaner, Floor Cleaner, Hand Wash)
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 83 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1328 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 33.00%
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Pharmaceutical Unit - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry today is in the front rank of Indias science-based industry with wide ranging capabilities in the complex field of drug manufacture and technology. A highly organized sector, the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry is estimated to be worth $ 4.5 billion, growing at about 8 to 9 percent annually. It ranks very high in the third world, in terms of technology, quality and range of medicines manufactured. From simple headache pills to sophisticated antibiotics and complex cardiac compounds, almost every type of medicine is now made indigenously. Properties of Drugs & Formulation Physical property generally refers to the form or behaviour of a given kind of matter so long as its chemical composition remains unchanged, the drug matter, like many other matters, has their physical characteristics. The accumulated experience of the preparation of dosage forms indicates that some of these physical properties could have important as in the design of the dosage forms. The structure of a drug molecule and its pharmacological activity are highly inter-related phenomena. Some compounds such as local anesthetics or morphine, on the other hand, undergo appreciable modification without serious loss of fundamental activity. One of the supreme objectives of a formulation has to be that the chemical configuration of the drug molecule and total chemical composition of the formulation must maintain a status. Market Potential The Indian pharmaceutical industry is the fourth largest in the world in terms of volume of output and thirteenth in domestic demand. However, the Indian industry, valued at USD 17 bn in represented just over 1% of the global pharmaceutical industry (USD 1700 bn) in value terms. The domestic market is estimated at Rs 680 bn. The Indian Pharmaceutical sector is highly fragmented with more than 20,000 registered units. It has expanded drastically in the last two decades. The leading 250 pharmaceutical companies control 70% of the market with market leader holding nearly 7% of the market share. The pharmaceutical industry has been one of the fastest growing segments of the Indian manufacturing sector with an average annual growth rate of about 14% during the quinquennium 2002-2007. It is projected to grow at an average annual rate exceeding 15% during 2007-2010 and is likely to reach the level of about USD 23 to 28 bn in 2010. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 90 Lakh Bruphen Tablets/Annum 90 Lakh Vitamin Capsules/Annum 30 Lakh Paracetamol Syrup Bottles/Annum 18 Lakh Dextrose Saline Bottles/Annum 18 Lakh Streptomycin Injection/ Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 294 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 827 Lakh
Return: 44.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Liquid Detergents - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile Liquid detergents are convenience products, compared with powdered detergent dissolve more rapidly, particularly in cold water, they generate less dust. It is not surprising, therefore, those liquid forms of household cleaning product developed by manufacturers. With the exception of fabric softeners and shampoos, the solid form of cleaning preceded the liquid form. This is used as manual and automatic dishwashing, laundry general personal washing products. As a result, the technical history of liquid detergents is to a large extent one of emulating the performance features of the powder models. Generally, there are two types of liquid detergents: 1. Light duty liquid detergent. 2. Heavy duty liquid detergent. Production Procedure For manufacturing liquid detergent, both the batch as well as continuous blending processes is used. Both batch and continuous blending processes are used to manufacture liquid and gel cleaning products. Stabilizers may be added during manufacturing to ensure the uniformity and stability of the finished product. In a typical continuous process, dry and liquid ingredients are added and blended to a uniform mixture using in-line or static mixers. Recently, more concentrated liquid products have been introduced and a technique for developing these products is through the use of new high-energy mixing processes in combination with stabilizing agents. To make liquid detergent, the dry powder is simply mixed back in with a solution consisting of chemicals and water, called as solubilizers. These chemicals help the water and detergent to blend together more evenly. A reflection rate of 98 % is considered as quite good and shows that the detergent has cleaned properly. Application Liquid Detergents are formulated with the intension of their following end uses: 1. House hold washing liquid mainly for dish, utensils etc., washing. 2. Light duty laundering for synthetic and woollen fabrics. 3. For scouring mineral oiled goods of woollen or worsted piece fabrics. 4. Rug cleaning shampoos. Market Potential The liquid form for household detergents is gaining market share in many world markets particularly for dish-washing and light-duty applications. Moreover, the personal care products in liquid form have a substantial share of the market and can be manufactured in the same plants as liquid detergents. Independently from the type of liquid detergent or personal care product and their specific targeted uses, the manufacturing of liquid detergents should be based on processes, equipment and operation sequences in compliance with the chemical and physical demand of these products.
Plant capacity: 6600 Lts/day Plant & machinery: 46 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 351 Lakh
Return: 48.70%Break even: 40.70%
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Goat & Sheep Farming - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Goat and sheep rearing is the backbone of economy of small and landless farmers in India. It is an insurance against crop failure and provides alternate source of livelihood to famers all the year round. Goats play an important role in income generation, capital storage, employment generation and improving household nutrition. Being smaller in size they are easier to manage, require less space and can be easily handled by women and children. Sheep were domesticated very early in cultivation, as early as 11,000 years ago. Sheep is a warm blooded animal and sheep have a unique quality among the domestic animals and are adoptable to a wide range of environmental conditions. Many state governments have classified agricultural farms into marginal, small, medium and large based on land ownership. This classification however doesn’t take into consideration the ownership of livestock. Advantages of Goat & Sheep Farming • The goat/sheep is a multi purpose animal producing meat, milk, hide, fibre and manure. In hilly areas, goats are also used for hauling light loads. • Goat/sheep farming can be a profitable occupation for a farmer and can fit well into mixed farming. • Goats/sheeps are cheaper to maintain, easily available and have a friendly disposition. • Goats/sheeps are more tolerant to hot climate than other farm animals. • Goats /sheep give more production per unit of investment. • Goat/sheep hide is used for the manufacture of leather products. • Goat hairs are used for the manufacture of rugs and ropes. • Pashmina shawls, Mohair and Kashmere carpets are in great demand and are sold at very high prices. • Goat/sheep manure is 2.5 times richer in nitrogen and phosphoric acid than cow manure. ? Market Potential India and China possess the largest goat population, each of these having more than 120 million goats. Small ruminants are major contributors of animal proteins for human consumption in India. Current availability of animal proteins (10.8 gm/day/capita) is just half of the daily requirement of (20 gm/day /capita and it is targeted to achieve this by the year 2020. Meat production (including fish and poultry) will have to grow by 5.8% per year to fulfill this requirement. Wool is a freely traded international commodity, subject to global supply and demand. While wool represents only 3% of world fiber production, it is important to the economy and way of life in many countries. The Small Ruminants sector will therefore, play a significant role in the coming decade in impacting on the livelihoods of small and marginal farmers rearing them.
Plant capacity: Goats: 500 Male & 500 Female Sheep: 500 Male & 500 Female Plant & machinery: 11 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 209 Lakh
Return: 45.00%Break even: 34.00%
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