Best Mineral Based Industries for Starting a Business. List of Profitable Projects on Minerals, Marble, Granite, Gypsum, Quartz, Talc, Mica Processing Plant.

Friday, February 16, 2018

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India has a remarkable variety of natural stones that include granite, marble, sandstone, limestone, slate, and quartzite, spread out all over the country. India is also amongst the largest producer of raw stone material, with superior quality, low prices and the most advanced technology for quarrying and processing of stone.

The Indian natural stone industry is evolved in the production and the manufacturing of dimensional stone blocks for monumental and building purposes, in all forms of structural slabs, flooring slabs, structural slabs, calibrated – ready to fix tiles, in processed monuments and tomb stones, in cobbles, cubes, kerbs and landscape garden stones, etc.

Marble was used for building tombs, temples and palaces. For a long time it was considered as Royal Stone. It is, however, now used in hotels and homes too.

Marble is a natural mineral primarily composed of carbonates such as calcite and dolomite. It is a metamorphic rock, which is usually white in color. However, rarely, marble can have pigmentation anywhere between yellow and red color due to the presence of impurities such as iron oxide, bitumen, and clay minerals. Marble is often used for decorative purposes due its bright white color and lustrous finish.

Demand for marble is rising in the construction industry due to its esthetics such as beauty and sculpture. Rapid growth in the construction industry in several developing regions across the world is likely to propel the demand for marble in the near future. Marble not only serves the decorative purpose, but is also functionally used as filler for concrete aggregate, stairs, pavements, floor coverings, and external walls in the construction industry. Marble is often associated with luxury and extravagance; hence, it is employed for decoration purposes in various lavish buildings and monuments such as hotels, theatres, temples, churches, memorial buildings, and tombs. This is anticipated to fuel the demand for marble in the near future. Use of marble is not limited to construction and architectural applications. Marble is also used in ground form as calcium supplement to farm animals; soft abrasive material for grinding application; manufacture of antacid and acid-neutralizer; and also as soil enhancer. These applications are projected to propel the demand for marble during the forecast period.

Based on application, the global marble market can be segmented into construction, architecture, agriculture, pharmaceutical, and others. Construction is the major consumer of marble; the stone is used in applications such as laying pavements, stairs, kitchen platforms, flooring, sculpture, and external walls. Furthermore, ground form is added to the concrete mixture as filler agent. The others segment consists of applications wherein marble powder is used such as paints and coatings. Marble powder is also used in some plastics and rubbers to increase density and weight of the final product. Based on form, the marble market can be segregated into slabs and powders. Marble slab is the widely used form. These slabs are then shaped and molded into tiles and blocks for suitable applications. On the other hand, powder is directly employed in applications such as pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and abrasives. In terms of color, the marble market can be segmented into white and others (yellow, pink, and gray). White marble is the purest form and is also the most widely used marble in the world. Based on type, the marble market can be segmented into natural and synthetic. Natural marble is obtained from quarries and open pit mines; however, synthetic marble is cultured stone made by mixing stone particles and resins together.

India is well known all over the world for its wide variety of granites, but the general impression is they are located in the south of the country. The north, especially the state of Rajasthan, is usually associated with marble, sandstone and slates. Few associate the state of Rajasthan with a granite industry. Yet, in an almost furtive manner, unknown to most of the stone industry people, a significant granite industry has been developing in the state in recent years. This relatively recent industry is not just processing materials extracted elsewhere. It is, in fact, extracting granites of a fairly wide range of colours found within the state itself.

Gypsum is an important raw material used in the manufacture of cement. Consumption of gypsum varies from 2 to 6% in different plants depending upon the quality of clinker. India has good reserves of natural gypsum, mainly in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. A number of chemical industries obtain gypsum as a by-product in the form of phospho-gypsum. The chemical gypsum can be utilised as a whole or as part substitute to natural gypsum. Many cement plants, which are located near the source of phosphogypsum are using this substi- tute product. India produces around 2.50 per cent of the world´s 150 million tonnes of natural gypsum. The country has a total reserve of recoverable cement and natural gypsum of 39 million tonnes.

The global Gypsum market is valued at $1.49 billion in 2016, equivalent to 252 million tonnes, with 33.3% and 60.9% being consumed in the plasterboard and cement industries, respectively. The gypsum market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 9.9% to reach nearly $2.4 billion by 2018 and $3.8 billion by 2026.

Nearly all gypsum is used in three prime applications: building construction, cement (where it is used as a setting retarder), and agriculture (mostly for soil conditioner and fertiliser). Another common application is wet or powdered plaster. Minor applications include dentistry and surgical/medical, e.g., plaster casts.

The Mica industry in India has long been of the world’s largest in terms of mica production and mica exports. India’s mica mining plays an important role in the country’s overall mining activity, contributing significantly to the economic growth of India. Despite the mica industry in India currently going through serious controversies around child labor issues, India still remains one of the largest suppliers of mica in the global market. As the mica market continues to grow, business opportunities with leading mica producers and exporters in India are also expected to flourish in the future, especially as the Indian government and the top players in the market launch new initiatives to tackle and eliminate the child labor issues.

The global mica market revenue is expected to increase from US$478.1 million in 2015 to US$669.3 million by 2024 — posting a 3.8% CAGR over the period. The market growth is mainly driven by rising applications across a diverse set of industries such as electronics, construction, cosmetics, plastic, rubber, and paints and coatings. With a constant rise in the population of people used to seeing and working with a vast variety of electronic and electric equipment on a daily basis for an endless set of applications, the electronics industry is expected to exhibit excellent growth in the next few years. 

India has been dominating the production and export of sheet mica in the world, due to the sufficient mica mining resources in the country to meet the domestic requirement and export demand. Andhra Pradesh is the state that leads with 41% share in country’s total mice resources followed by Rajasthan and Odisha.


Here are few Projects for Startup:


Bentonite comes under the speciality of clay which has large use in the chemical industries, oil refineries, cosmetic industries, etc. Before mining of bentonite, testing of bentonite quality and area available are required to be done. Read more


Titanium is relatively abundant in the earth’s crust, which is usually found in igneous and metamorphic rocks as ilmenite (FeTiO3), rutile (TiO2) and titanomagnetite (Fe2TiO4 “Fe2O4). Ilmenite is a lustrous black to brownish titanium ore, essentially FeTiO3. Read more


Chromium is the 21st most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust. The only commercial ore of chromium is the chromite. Most chromite ores are rich enough for hand sorting. Manganese ore occurs in various forms of deposits with varying grade of purity. It appears in admixture with iron, silica and other minerals. Read more


Now-a-days, the use of master batches is the most convenient way of colouring plastics. In master batches, pigment / additives in high concentration are predispersed in suitable carrier resin such as LDPE, LLDPE, HDPE or PP and extruded into pellets. It can be used without any problem even at high concentrations. Read more


Sponge iron is the product created when iron ore is reduced to metallic iron, usually with some kind of carbon (charcoal, etc), at temperatures below the melting point of iron. This results in a spongy mass, sometimes called a bloom, consisting of a mix of incandescent wrought iron and slag. Read more


Calcium carbonate occurs naturally as the principal constituent of limestone, marble and chalk. Powdered calcium carbonate is produced by two methods on the industrial scale. It is quarried and ground from naturally occurring deposits and in same cases beneficiated. Read more


Rock wool is mostly silicate compound of calcium and very smaller amount of copper, iron & manganese. It is fundamental form of solid characterized by relatively high tenacity and extremely high ratio of length to diameter. Inorganic material made into matted fibre, especially used for insulation and sound proofing material. Read more


A unified system of classifying glasses used in the production of imitation jewellery has been produced. Glass bead is a handicraft item produced by skilled artisans out of block glass or clourful glass tubes rods. The glass beads made with sample machines and tools are used to make artificial jewellery and is used to decorate garments also. Read more


Plaster of paris is a white hygroscopic powder having formula CaSo4? H2O is obtained by the calcination of gypsum. Plaster of paris is extensively used in the ceramic industry for preparation of models and moulds, as raw material for manufacture of chalk crayons, gypsum. Read more


The industry grow steadily based soundly on new and expanding markets created largely by its own study of the properties of aluminium and of the avenues for economical consumption of this new metal. With this growth in manufacture came a decrease in cost, which was largely passed onto customers, even reducing the price 33 cents per kilograms. Read more


Graphite is a form of elemental carbon. It is one of the three allotropic forms which the element carbon exists in nature the other two being coal and diamond. It crystallizes in hexagonal system in plenty form but it is rare the perfect crystal graphite have been found. Read more


Magnesium oxide, or magnesia is a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium. It has empirical formula of Mgo. It is formed by an ionic bond between one magnesium and one oxygen atom. Magnesium oxide is easily made by burning magnesium ribbon which oxidizes in bright white light, resulting in a powder. Read more


Nitrocellulose is the principal derivative. The selection of the right grade is obviously the determining factor in successful production. It is essential to decide upon a detailed specification to suit the type of article to be manufactured as the requirement for different type of product vary considerably, more especially as regard viscosity. Read more


Stoneware pipes are used in sewerage lines. It is covered under the heading Structural Clay Product, which include the various items like building bricks, facing brick, industrial floor brick, chemical resistant bricks etc. Salt glazed pipes are used in chemical industry for transporting the highly corrosive chemical in addition to their use in sewerage lines. Read more


India holds a leading position as a source of manganese ore. The output of this mineral being the third largest in the world. The ore occurs in various forms of deposits with varying grade of purity. It appears in admixture with iron, silica & other minerals. The bulk of manganese ore mines in the world is used for metallurgical purposes. Read more


It is an important structural & ornamental stone because of its higher compressive strength & durability, is extensively used for massive structural work. It is a light coloured indigenous granular rock, grey, red, pink, white or green in colour & characterized by presence of quartz, feldspar & minor amount of mica. Read more


For a building being constructed the one and only thing which is to be considered is its strength of bearing load of both environmental artificial. But now-a-days not only strength but the look of the construction also matters. For giving good strength & attractive look Gypsum Plaster Boards are used. Read more


It is non crystalline solid or viscous material having adhesive properties, which is completely soluble in carbon disulfide. It is generally brown or black in colour, electrical resistance, solubility or resistance to solvent action and resistance to oxidation under various conditions. Read more


Perforated bricks are light in weight and provide better thermal insulation as compared to common bricks. Now in India there is a very good growth of construction industry and also in rapid organization as well as commercialization and industrialization. For these purposes there is huge requirement of bricks and light bricks. Read more


Residual rocks, in which the alumina trihydrate and monohydrate minerals gibbsite, boehmite, and diaspore predominate are classified as bauxite. Other residual minerals are developed in the unique type of rock weathering which produces bauxites, and these minerals kaolinite. Read more


With the vast potential of plastics, artificial synthetic marble is virtually replacing the use of natural marble. The qualities of artificial synthetic marble are very much the same as those of natural marble. Synthetic marble is produced out of fillers and synthetic resin is used as binder. Read more


Bleaching earth consists primarily of hydrous aluminium silicates (clay minerals) of varying composition. Common components are montmorillonite, kaolinite and attapulgite. Small amounts of other minerals may be present in bleaching earth deposits, including calcite, dolomite, and quartz. Read more


Manganese sulphate is commercially one of the most important compounds. It is an important mineral based chemical industry. The main constituent of this industry is manganese obtainable from mines, which can be converted into manganese sulphate & manganese dioxide. Read more


Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Geologists use the term marble to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone. Read more


Granite Slab and Tiles are mainly used for wall paneling and facades. Today in Europe and in Western Countries and in India, architect and builders are switching over to the use of natural stones in construction. As a result, the latest trend in building construction is use to granite slab and tiles extensively in toilet, bathroom, kitchen and wall paneling. Read more


Magnesium oxide is the most important industrial magnesium compound with its main application in the steel and refractory industry. It is also largely used in many other industrial sectors including the food and animal feed industries. Magnesia or magnesium oxide is an alkaline earth metal oxide. Read more


Coal washing unit is one of the most important unit for upgradation of coal in sense of fed value by reducing of ash contents in the coal. It is basically associated with seive position to get the quality coal. It is used as fuel for running the boiler, in domestic use, in thermal power station to produce electricity, for manufacture of coal gas etc. Read more


Vermiculite is compound of hydrated magnesium iron aluminium silicate. It is rarely available in India. Say almost nil. It is naturally available in the country of Montana, California, South Carolina, Wyoming, Colorado and South Africa. Read more


Engineered stone is a composite material made of crushed stone bound together by an adhesive, (most commonly polymer resin, with some newer versions using cement mix). The two common stones used in producing these products are marbles and quartz. Read more


Hematite is one of the most abundant minerals on Earth's surface and in the shallow crust. It is an iron oxide with a chemical composition of Fe2O3. It is a common rock-forming mineral found in sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks at locations throughout the world. Read more


Lime is manufactured from lime stone. Lime is mainly used for manufacture of hydrated lime. Hydrated lime is a dry powder obtained by treating quick lime with water. It consists essentially of calcium hydroxide and some magnesium hydroxide. The project envisages production of lime by calcinations of limestone on vertical oil fired kiln. Read more


Ferroalloys are used in making alloy steels and castings of different special types as addition agents. Ferro alloys are usually made in electric-arc furnaces. Alloy steel have often greater limitations on tramp element concentrations than plain carbon steels. Read more


Manganese and silicon are crucial constituents in steelmaking, as deoxidants, desulphurizers and alloying elements. Silicon is the primary deoxidizer. Manganese is a milder deoxidizer than silicon but enhances the effectiveness due to the formation of stable manganese silicates and aluminates. Read more


Ferroalloys are the principal alloying agents in iron and steel production. Addition of ferro alloys improves mechanical and physical properties of iron and steel products such as strength, toughness, hardness and corrosion-resistance etc. Most of the ferro alloys contain less than 50% of iron content. Read more


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Production of Minerals, Mineral Production, Marble Manufacturing Process, Marble Production, Production and Manufacturing of Marble, Granite, Onyx, Granite Manufacturing Process, Indian Granite Industry, Granite Production and Manufacturing, Granite Cutting and Polishing Process, Manufacturing Process of Quartz, Quartz Manufacturing, Manufacturing of Quartz, Talc Production, Mica Production, Mica Processing, Bentonite Processing & Pulverising, Production of Dicalcium Phosphate (Dentifrice Grade), Production of Synthetic Rutile from Ilmenite, Beneficiation of Chromium, Nickel and Manganese Ore, Mineral Filled Master Batches (Calcium Carbonate - Caco3), Sponge Iron Plant, Production of Calcium Carbonate from Limestone (Precipitated and Activated), Rock Wool Production, Glass Beads Manufacturing, Production of Plaster of Paris, Production of Calcined Bauxite, Graphite Mining and Processing, Magnesium Oxide (Specially Light Grade) from Dolomite Nitrocellulose Lacquer (NC Lacquer), Salt Glazed Stoneware Pipes & Fittings, Concentrated Manganese Ore, Marble Granite Cutting & Polishing Unit, Production of Gypsum Plaster Boards, Bitumen Production, Clay and Sand Bricks Plant (Light Weight), Aluminium from Bauxite of Gibbsite Variety, Artificial Marble Tiles Manufacturing Business, Bleaching Earth Production Plant, Precipitated Calcium Carbonate, Production of Manganese Sulfate, Production and Manufacturing of Marble and Onyx, Granite Tiles, Slab and Monuments, Magnesium Oxide Dead Burned Magnesia (DBM Artificial Marble Tiles), Coal Washing Unit, Vermiculite Production, Production of Zeolite 4a, Production of Quartz Slabs, Production of Hematite from Iron Ore, Lumps, Production of Different Grades of Lime from Limestone (Technical Grade Lime, Refractory Grade Lime, Agriculture Grade Lime, FCC Grade Lime), Ferrosilicon Production Process, Silicomanganese Production, Ferroalloys of Niobium, Molybdenum, Titanium, Tungsten and Vanadium Glass Beads Manufacturing project ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small scale industries projects ideas, Glass Beads Manufacturing Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project profile on small scale industries, How to Start Vermiculite Production Industry in India, Silicomanganese Production Projects, New project profile on Vermiculite Production industries, Project Report on Glass Beads Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Vermiculite Production, Project Report on Silicomanganese Production, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Silicomanganese Production, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Bleaching Earth Production Plant, Feasibility report on Graphite Mining and Processing, Free Project Profile on Vermiculite Production Project profile on Bleaching Earth Production Plant, Download free project profile on Graphite Mining and Processing, Industrial Project Report

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