Recycling for Profits: Commercial Waste Collection, Recycling & Disposal of Hospital Waste, Municipal Solid Waste, Biomedical Waste, Plastic Waste. Waste Management Industry in India.

Thursday, January 18, 2018

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Waste is an inevitable by-product of the use of natural resources. Industrial waste is a part of the waste generated by any manufacturing or industrial activity. Different waste materials generated after the industrial process include oil, trashes, concrete, chemicals, wood coal, slag and other waste. The scenario of disposing the waste has been changing with increasing environmental awareness. Toxic waste, chemical waste and industrial solid waste are some of the designations of industrial waste.

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal and monitoring of waste materials. Effective waste management services can save your business money and benefit the environment at the same time.

Recycling is processing used materials (waste) into new, useful products. This is done to reduce the use of raw materials that would have been used. Recycling also uses less energy and great way of controlling air, water and land pollution.

Waste recycling is the key focus area within the waste management services market in India. Increasing population, growing consumerism, and high use of electrical and electronic equipment are increasing waste volumes across different type of waste streams. The lack of proper source segregation of waste hinders the potential of waste recycling.

India being the 7th largest country in terms of area and 2nd largest in terms of population constitute immense business opportunities for domestic and international solid waste management players. The country has seen some dramatic economic and social developments in the last decade. Fast urbanization, industrial boom, government’s focus, and private sector involvement has driven solid waste management market to witness remarkable expansion both in volume and value terms.

By 2025, India’s waste management sector is expected to be worth US$13.62 billion with an annual growth rate of 7.17 percent. Much of the waste India produces simply ends up in landfills without proper processing or treatment – redirecting this untapped waste to proper treatment and processing facilities will open up new investment possibilities.

Bio-Medical Waste (BM)

Healthcare is an essential aspect of life; these activities generate a large amount of waste called biomedical waste. This waste generated by healthcare activities can be hazardous or toxic or something deadly as it is contaminated by disease carrying pathogens which can infect patients, healthcare workers and other public present near there. Increase in the healthcare facilities and the rising trend of using disposal material has increased the amount of biomedical waste significantly and hence creating serious threats to health of society and environment also. Biomedical waste can contain cotton, needles, vials, specimen, human organs etc. and proper disposal of different types of biomedical waste differently is essential.

Today biomedical waste management has become one of major issue of concern in India taking into account the rate of growth of population.

Bio-medical waste (BM) includes all refuse used in the healthcare industry such as syringes and biological materials. The total bio-medical waste generated in India is approximately 484 tons per day (TPD) from over 160,000 healthcare facilities (HCF). An estimated 447 tons of this biomedical waste is treated in India daily. India’s bio-medical waste management market will grow at a compounded annual growth rate of 8.41 percent – higher than the projected growth rate for waste in general.

Hospital Waste

Medical waste refers to the waste originated within medical amenities such as hospitals, clinics, veterinary hospitals/clinics, dental practices, physician's offices, laboratories, blood banks and research and development centers (R&D) related to healthcare. The medical waste management program is critical for the public health, environment, and sanitation. Unlike municipal waste treatment the medical waste management involves various stages of waste management, such as accumulation, generation, storage, handling, treatment, transport, and disposal.

The growing demand of the pharmaceutical industry and aging population drives the medical waste management market. The U.S. market for medical waste management is anticipated to boost owing to increase in the number of diagnostic tests, growing healthcare sector, launch of several medical devices, and flourishing pharmaceutical sectors.

The rise in the demand for hospital waste management is due to the strict rules imposed for emission, disposal, and recycling of hospital waste. Moreover, there has been a lot of technological innovations and advancements that has helped in reducing and recycling of the waste to a large extent.

Municipal Solid Waste

Municipal solid waste includes commercial and domestic wastes generated in municipal or notified areas in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes. Rapid growth in urban population coupled with economic growth and rise in community living standards has resulted in generating huge amount of municipal solid wastes in various Indian cities.

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the major areas of concern all over the world. In developing country like India, there is rapid increase in municipal solid waste due to urbanization and population growth. Composition of waste varies with different factors like living standard, climatic condition, socio-economic factor etc.

The solid waste management industry is characterized by stringent government regulations pertaining to MSW management and efficient implementation including reuse, recycling, reduce and recovery methods. The U.S. generated over 250 million tons of waste, with a recycling rate of about 34 percent, the company gave account. Rapid urbanization and increasing consumption level of resources such as paper, plastic, edibles and textiles were expected to double the municipal solid waste (MSW) over the forecast period. Australia’s market size was estimated at over 7 billion US-Dollar in 2015 and is supposed to reach more than 9 billion US-Dollar by 2023.

Global Solid Waste Management Market size was valued at over USD 240 billion in 2016 and the annual capacity is set to exceed 4.5 billion tons by 2024.

Plastic Waste

Plastic products have become an integral part in our daily life as a basic need. It produced on a massive scale worldwide and its production crosses the 150 million tonnes per year globally.

India has witnessed a substantial growth in the production of plastics and an increased consumption of plastic. In the absence of adequate waste collection and segregation process, the management of the waste created by discarded used plastics items, especially ones used for packaging applications has become a challenging task. This article provides an overview of the resource recovery from plastic waste with consideration of integrated waste management, to evaluate the best possible option for tackling waste in Indian circumstances.

Global plastic waste management market is segmented by polymer types, which includes PP, LDPE, HDPE, PVC, others. There are various end-user industries associated with plastic waste management solutions such as packaging, construction, textile, automobile, others. Global plastic waste management market is segmented by services & equipment. Services include assembly, recycling, incineration, transportation and clearance whereas equipment comprises of assembly & transportation, equipment, garbage truck, recycling equipment, palletizer, extruder, label separator and others.

Increasing urbanization, stringent laws and regulations enforced by the government, and increasing consumer awareness are expected to be the major drivers of the plastic waste management market. The global plastic waste management market is projected to be valued at around USD 26,573.3 million by 2020, growing at a CAGR of 3.02% from 2015 to 2020. The market for recycling plastics is projected to grow at the highest CAGR.


Handbook on Recycling and Disposal of

•        Hospital Waste

•        Municipal Solid Waste

•        Biomedical Waste

•        Plastic Waste


About the Book

Author:                NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers     

ISBN:                    9789381039878


Book Code:          NI313

Pages:                   544

Indian Price:        1275/-       

US$                     125-

Waste can be almost anything, including food, leaves, newspapers, bottles, construction debris, and chemicals from a factory, candy wrappers, disposable diapers, old cars, or radioactive materials. People have always produced waste, but as industry and technology have evolved and the human population has grown, waste management has become increasingly complex. Waste recycling involves the collection of waste materials and the separation and clean-up of those materials. Recycling waste means that fewer new products and consumables need to be produced, saving raw materials and reducing energy consumption.

Waste reduction and recycling are very important elements of the local waste management framework. They help both to conserve natural resources and to reduce demand for valuable landfill space. The waste recycling services has become the one of the fastest growing industry. The growth of the waste recycling services is driven by the technology development for waste recycling.

The waste management market is expected to be worth US$ 13.62 billion by 2025. Indian municipal solid waste (MSW) management market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.14% by 2025. India has planned to achieve a capacity of 2.9 million hospital beds by 2025 which will help bio medical waste management market to grow at a CAGR of 8.41%.

The concern for bio medical waste management has been felt globally with the rise in infectious diseases and indiscriminate disposal of waste. It is to be understood that management of bio medical waste is an integral part of health care. There is a clear need for the current approach of waste disposal in India that is focussed on municipalities and uses high energy/high technology, to move more towards waste processing and waste recycling (that involves public private partnerships, aiming for eventual waste minimization driven at the community level, and using low energy/low technology resources.

This book basically deals with characterization of Medical Waste, Medical Waste Data Collection Activities, Medical Waste Treatment Effectiveness, Gas Sterilization, Municipal Solid Waste, Bio-Medical Waste, Hospital Waste Incineration, Production, Use, and Disposal of Plastics and Plastic Products, Medical Waste Reuse, Recycling and Reduction, Disposal on Land, municipal and plastic waste management, Plastic Waste, incineration and number of recycling methods.

The book is highly recommended to new entrepreneurs, existing units who wants to get more information of Waste Disposal & Recycling.


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