List of Industrial, Medical and Specialty Gases Manufacturing Project Ideas. Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Heptafluoropropane, Acetylene Gas Plant. Industrial Gases Market in India to Cross $ 2.2 Billion by 2021.

Tuesday, January 2, 2018

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Industrial gases are produced or refined in large quantities for use in basic materials, chemical and petrochemical industries. Industrial gases encompass a large number of products that are gaseous at room temperature and pressure, and while they may actually be stored as a liquid or solid, they are commonly used in gaseous form. From a more scientific perspective, a gas is a state of matter without a prescribed shape or volume. Gases have unique Industrial gases properties and characteristics depending upon such variables as the temperature, pressure, and volume to which they are subjected.  Gases have low densities, assume the volume of their containment (or dissipate to the atmosphere), mix well with other gases, and are more compressible than solids and liquids.

Industrial gases are comprised of elements, molecular compounds, or mixtures. The most common industrial gases are oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and noble gases such as argon, neon, xenon, and krypton. Some industrial gases such as nitrogen, oxygen, argon, LNG, and liquefied petroleum gas are liquefied at high pressure for ease of storage and transport.  At even lower temperatures these liquids can turn to a solid.  Dry ice, a solid form of carbon dioxide, is a common example of a normally gaseous material (at ambient conditions) that has useful properties as a solid.  Much of the carbon dioxide will sublimate; meaning it will move directly to the gaseous phase from the solid phase without becoming a liquid.  Finally, some industrial gases, such as hydrogen, are highly volatile and need special handling and storage to ensure safe usage.  

The industrial gases market in India is divided into three segments, such as tonnage gases, packaged gases and cylinder gases. These are three different distribution modes through which industrial gases are supplied to the required customer.

India’s market for tonnage plants as well as merchant or small sized plants is witnessing growth as a result of growth in industrial as well as commercial market. The commercial market is influenced by growth in light engineering industry as well as metal fabrication industry, being clustered in northern and western regions of the country. Similarly, industrial gases market is influenced by growth in steel and refineries sector, being concentrated in eastern and southern part of the country. This is further expected to drive demand for tonnage plants, positively impacting overall industrial gases market in India. Apart from this, capacity addition in refineries are driving demand for nitrogen gases, which are solely used to improve efficiency in refineries for processing of crude oil as well as pressure and purging applications.

Nitrogen, Oxygen and Argon are the most commonly used industrial gases. They are used in a wide range of industries, which include oil & gas, petrochemicals, chemicals, power, mining, steelmaking, metals, environmental protection, medicine, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food, water, fertilizers, nuclear power, electronics and aerospace. With increasing government initiatives towards developing India’s manufacturing sector, coupled with rapid industrialization, demand for industrial gases is anticipated to grow at a robust pace over the next five years.

The market for industrial gases in India is projected to reach US $ 2.2 billion by 2021. Owing to increasing demand and rising competition, an increasing number of industrial gases companies in India are investing heavily on capacity additions at existing as well as new end user facilities. Additionally, an increasing number of large-scale end users are also installing industrial gas production units within their premises for ensuring continuous supply of industrial gases.

Global industrial gas market was valued at around USD 45.0 billion in 2014 and is expected to reach USD 65.0 billion in 2020, growing at a CAGR of above 6.0% between 2015 and 2020.

Growing population and industrialization in emerging economies are some of the major growth driving factors for the industrial gases market. Increasing demand of these gases from food and tobacco, paper, chemicals, agriculture, mining, oil and gas, construction and healthcare industry is further fuelling the market growth. Additionally, consolidation, strategic business alliances and concentric diversifications are some of the strategies adopted by major players, which is expected to augment the market growth during the forecast period. However, high storage and transportation cost of industrial gases is expected to be a major restraint of this market.

The global industrial gases market is segmented on the basis of products type, production and delivery, application, and geography. The market is segmented by products type into hydrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium, argon, and acetylene. Further by production and delivery, the market is bifurcated into merchant gases (liquified, tank delivery), merchant gases (cylinder delivery), and high-volume gases (on-site generation). Further, application segment comprises petroleum refinery, chemical production, food processing, healthcare, electronics, metal processing, and other applications.

Here are few Projects for Startups:


This substance, which occupies 21 percent of the earth’s atmosphere, has a number of very important uses. Oxygen is a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas that is essential to the support of life. All elements except the inter gases combine directly with oxygen to form oxides……….Read more


Acetylene (C2H2) is known as one of the simplest and most significant chemical in the acetylene series. A compound of carbon and hydrogen, acetylene is a colorless, highly flammable gas that dissociates at normal to low pressures and needs to be stored in high-pressure tanks containing some porous material and acetone………Read more


Oxygen (CO2, gas at 00/1 matm., 1.429g./l, crit. Pressure, 49.7 Matm.) is a colorless, odourless, and tasteless gas, somewhat heavier than air. It is one of the most active elements and plays on essential part in the respiration of living cells and in combustion. Oxygen is required for cutting and welding of steel materials for manufacturing and repairs is various industries……….Read more


The great importance of the industrial gas, oxygen is due to the usefulness of the acetylene torch for steel welding and steel cutting, and for the welding of other metals, to lesser degree to the oxy-hydrogen flame. Oxygen gas in the breathing apparatus for a visitor at high altitudes and for oxy-gentents in hospitals is a high altitude and for oxy-gentents in hospitals is a more recent development……….Read more


Acetylene is an endothermic compound, its heat of formation being nearly 50kg.-cal. g. mol. Both the gas (tc, 37°; Pc, 62 atm.) and the liquid (b.p.,83.6°) are highly explosive, particularly under pressure. Acetylene is a colourless inflammable gas obtained by the action of water on calcium carbide………..Read more


Hydrogen gas was first artificially produced in the early 16th century, via the mixing of metals with strong acids. In 1766-81, Henry Cavendish was the first to recognize that hydrogen gas was discrete substance, and that it produces water when burned, a property which later gave it its name, which in greek means water farmer…………..Read more


1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3-Heptafluoropropane, also called heptafluoropropane, HFC-227 or HFC-227ea (ISO name), is a colourless, odourless gaseous halocarbon commonly helped as a gaseous fire suppression agent. Its chemical formula is CF3-CHF-CF3, or C3HF7. With a boiling point of -16.4°C, it is a gas at room temperature……….Read more



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