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Production of Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals and Metal Products.

Thursday, December 28, 2017

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Ferrous Metals mostly contain Iron.  Ferrous Metals are magnetic and give little resistance to corrosion. All ferrous metals contain some form of iron which make them magnetic in quality. Ferrous metals also include different types of steel. Stainless steel, mild steel, carbon steel, cast iron, and wrought iron are good examples.

Non-Ferrous Metals do not contain Iron, are not magnetic and are usually more resistant to corrosion than ferrous metals. Non-ferrous metals include metals like aluminium, copper, zinc and lead that find application in many industrial and infrastructural uses like real estate, automotive, defence, rail, power etc.

The demand for non-ferrous metals like aluminium and copper is likely to grow around 8 per cent over the next five years. The expected demand growth in the non-ferrous metals industry is even better than the healthy trend observed in the last five years, the demand for these metals is expected to grow by around 8 per cent in line with strong economic prospects, thrust on manufacturing sector, healthy growth in key end-use segments further aided by rising usage intensity.

In India, the demand for non-ferrous metals to a large extent is influenced by sectors including automotive and renewable energy. In the last five years, these end use sectors have grown at a healthy pace.

Non-ferrous metals are used as raw or subsidiary materials to make products in virtually all manufacturing segments. Their use has further expanded into high-tech electronic and IT industries in recent years. In particular, their consumption has sharply increased in developing countries where high economic growth continues, with new infrastructure being built alongside active industrial production.

Industry expected to post CAGR of 7% over 2015-2020 driven by increasing steel production in India and capacity additions in aluminium industry. Turnover of basic precious and non-ferrous metals rises by 8% driven by 16% growth of precious metals. In 2015, steel production value increases by 12% boosting demand for non-ferrous metals such as zinc and tin. Imports of precious metals rise by 27% to Rs740 billion in 2015 driven by increased imported volume of gold and silver. Indian basic precious and non-ferrous metals market rises by 8.3% driven by increased demand for precious metals gold and silver.

Indian demand for non-ferrous metals is expected to grow at 8 per cent between 2016 and 2021. Non-ferrous metals include metals like aluminium, copper, zinc and lead that find application in many industrial and infrastructural uses like real estate, automotive, defence, rail, power etc.

The expected demand growth in the non-ferrous metals industry is even better than the healthy trend observed in the last five years, “Over 2016-17 to 2021-22, the demand for these metals is expected to grow by around 8 per cent in line with strong economic prospects, thrust on manufacturing sector, healthy growth in key end-use segments further aided by rising usage intensity.

Global non-ferrous metals market and is expected to reach 107 million metric tons by 2020. The growth in this region is attributed to the increasing consumption of non-ferrous metals in India, China, and Japan.


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Indian has an ancient and impressive heritage in zinc production and their usage. There was at one time a thriving lead and zinc industry in the state of Rajasthan. It remains the ancient zinc smelter, located near the modern unit of Hindustan zinc ltd., at debari, udaipur, are of great historical archeology………Read more


Most of the old Cast Iron pipes are cast vertically but this type has been largely superseded by spun iron type manufactured up to a diameter of 900 mm. Though the cast iron pipe has the disadvantages of heavy weight, and consequent high transport costs, short length, leading to higher laying and jointing cost, low tensile strength, liability to defect of inner surface, it is widely used because of its good lasting qualities……..Read more


Sponge iron is the product created when iron ore is reduced to metallic iron, usually with some kind of carbon (charcoal, etc.), at temperatures below the melting point of iron. This results in a spongy mass, sometimes called a bloom, consisting of a mix of incandescent wrought iron and slag. Sponge iron is not useful in itself, but must be processed to create wrought iron…….Read more


The importance of iron & steel among other materials is well known for industrialization and national economy. Metal fabrication is the group of entire processes employed to shape the metals into the desired form by melting & casting down to hot/cold working, joining by welding, brazing, soldering or riveting, belt-fastening & similar other processes……..Read more


Copper is the most used conducting metal. There is a good market for enameled copper wire in motors and transformers industries for winding and rewinding of motors & transformers. Wire is made by cold drawing hot rolled wire/rod through on more dies, to decrease its size and increase the physical properties……..Read more


The 20th century has seen the emergence of aluminium as a key industrial and strategic material, second to only steel in terms of importance and tonnages of production. Beginning with an experimental production of 1.7 tonnes in 1859, the world production of primary aluminium has grown to about 16 million tonnes in the year 1983- recording in the produces the fastest rate of growth of consumption for any metal……..Read more


Pig Iron is a raw material for all the iron and steel based industries and hence, required to be responsive to the requirements of pig iron users. Pig iron as hot metal goes to the integrated steels making plant for refining and conversion into steel of various types to cater to the downstream industries like Hot Rolling Mills, Forging Plant, Extrusion Plant etc……..Read more


Copper powder is finely granulated copper that has many metallurgic functions. The powder is cheaper than regular cast copper, so engineers can save money on supplies, and it often helps conserve materials because less copper will be needed. Copper powder also can be made to have different densities if handled by a powder metallurgist, meaning the copper can be porous and impregnated with oils or other metals, or it can be non-porous like cast copper………Read more


Steel is said to be the back bone of any national economy. In India SAIL units in public sector and TISCO in private sector are the integrated steel plants producing primary steels, using ore as the input material. They cover around 50% of the total steel requirement. Rest of the 50% need is met by minimum steel plants, re-rollers, etc…….Read more


Copper is the most commonly used architectural metal now-a-days. Copper plays an essential role in the modern building. From recycled cladding and roofing systems, to high-tech plumbing and heating systems using the tube and fittings which are manufactured from recycled copper. Copper is a key component of many energy saving technologies…….Read more


Stainless Steel tubes are widely used in the dairy & food processing industries, heat exchangers, evaporators, cooling units, stock lives and condensers, such as those used in chemical digestive food liners, blow lines, evaporation pulp and paper industry, pharmaceutical industry production flow lines, aircraft tubing, hydraulic lines,………Read more



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