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Production of Automobile Hoses (AC Hose, Fuel Hose, Hydraulic Hose, Petrol Pump Hose) and Tyres.

Saturday, October 28, 2017

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Air Conditioning Hoses designed for automotive are made of different types of high quality rubber and have a BARRIER construction (thin layer of polyamide in internal layer that minimise Freon permeation). Hoses according to SAE J2064 standards. Typical for automotive are DN 8, 10, 13 and 16 mm with textile reinforcement in standard (thick wall) or LW (thinned wall) version. Hoses in DN 22, 28 or 35 mm with steel braid are used in bigger systems (e.g. in buses and coaches). Working pressure to 35 bar, working temperature from -40°C to +135°C. For industrial refrigeration systems special types of thermoplastic hoses (with polyamide internal layer) are used.

A hose is a flexible hollow tube designed to carry fluids from one location to another. Hoses are also sometimes called pipes (the word pipe usually refers to a rigid tube, whereas a hose is usually a flexible one), or more generally tubing. The shape of a hose is usually cylindrical (having a circular cross section).

Hose design is based on a combination of application and performance. Common factors are size, pressure rating, weight, length, straight hose or coilhose, and chemical compatibility.

Automotive Fuel Hosestypically have a premium inner layer to provide permeation resistance, and a thicker cover layer to provide a cost-effective hose that can meet high temperature requirements.  Some fuel hoses have to withstand relatively high temperatures because they route through the engine compartments. 

Hydraulic Hoseis specifically designed to convey hydraulic fluid to or among hydraulic components, valves, actuators, and tools. It is typically flexible, often reinforced and usually constructed with several layers of reinforcement since hydraulic systems frequently operate at high or very high pressures. Hydraulic hose is used in a wide variety of industrial hydraulic systems. Dimensions, performance specifications, materials, and features are all important parameters to consider when searching for hydraulic hose.

Tyre(or tire) is a circular and ring like part of a vehicle which comes in contact with ground. Tyres are fitted on rims and are filled with compressed air. Since their invention, natural rubber is the most widely used material in manufacturing of tyres. However, modern tyres also employ materials like synthetic rubber, fabric, steel wires, carbon black and some more compounds. Tyres find place in wide range of locomotives, from bicycles to aeroplanes.

 

Applications of Hoses

Hoses can be used in water or other liquid environments or to convey air or other gases. Hoses are used to carry fluids through air or fluid environments, and they are typically used with clamps, spigots, flanges, and nozzles to control fluid flow.

Specific applications include the following:

•        A garden hose is used to water plants in a garden or lawn, or to convey water to a sprinkler for the same purpose.

           •        A Tough Hose is used to water crops in agriculture for drip irrigation

          •        A fire hose is used by firefighters to convey water to the site of a fire.

•        Air hoses are used in underwater diving to carry air from a surface compressor or from air tanks.

 

Few Indian Major Players are as under

·         Echlin India Ltd.

·         Lakshmi Auto Components Ltd.

·         Minda TG Rubber Pvt. Ltd.

·         Poly Hose India (Rubber) Pvt. Ltd.

·         Ace Tyres Ltd.

·         Apollo Tyres Ltd.

·         Balkrishna Industries Ltd.

·         Bridgestone India Pvt. Ltd.

·         Ceat Ltd.

 

Market Outlook

The global automotive rubber hoses market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.2% to $11.36 billion in revenue by 2020 on growing sales in emerging markets, a revival in developed market and regulatory pressure towards higher fuel economy.

The global automotive rubber hoses market accounted for $9.25 billion in 2015. Emerging markets such as China, India, Mexico, Thailand and Indonesia have become the key market for automotive industry over the past five years.

The global hoses market is expected to grow at a substantial growth rate in the near future owing to the increased demand for hoses particularly from agricultural and industrial applications. In hoses are extensively used in gardens for watering gardens or lawns or convey water to sprinklers. Hoses are also used for firefighting applications for water delivery. In automotive applications hoses are used in lubrication, cooling and hydraulic applications. Also hoses are used to carry fuel. Hydraulic circuits are an important part of heavy machinery where most of the force applied is with the help of hydraulic pressure. Hoses can be made of plastic or rubbers. The demand for rubber hoses are anticipated to increase due to increase in industrial activity and the demand for plastic hoses are expected to grow on account of growing construction activities across the globe.

The demand for hydraulic rubber hoses has been so far dominated by the construction industry. By the end of 2022, the construction industry is expected to provide 26% of the overall demand for hydraulic rubber hoses.

The demand for hydraulic rubber hoses is increasing considerably in the industries of construction, agriculture, and automotive. These industries are quickly realizing the advantages that the flexibility of hydraulic rubber hose can provide over conventional pipes made of metal or plastics. Additional advantages such as lower weight in low and medium-pressure applications, better sound absorption, and rust resistance put hydraulic rubber hose ahead of all other pipes for most users. The advantages of hydraulic rubber hoses also put it in favor of industries that are facing the crunch of staggering production demands.

Automotive rubber hose for 2015 and to project its expected demand till 2020.

Tyre demand is directly proportional to the automobiles demand. Therefore, demand swings in the automobiles have an impact on the demand for tyres. India’s annual automobiles production registered a sluggish growth of 2.6% y-o-y in 2015-16.

Indian Tyre Industry has grown rapidly in last decades. Today it is about Rs. 9000 crore industry. The fortune of the tyre industry depends on the agricultural and industrial performance of the economy, the transportation needs and the production of vehicles. The size of Indian tyre industry is estimated at about Rs.14250 crore comprising 43 players with an aggregate installed capacity of over 655 lacks tyre. The 10 large tyre companies account for over 95% of the total production. The Indian tyre industry has witnessed a CAGR of 7.7 per cent over the last decade. The demand and growth for the tyre industry depends on primary factors like overall GDP growth, agricultural as well as industrial production and growth in vehicle-demand. It also depends on the on secondary factors like infrastructure development and prevailing interest rates.

The export market for India has been predominantly to the USA that accounts for nearly 30% of exports from the country. Apart from that India exporting tyre in more than 50 countries. The Indian tyre industry revenues grew at a moderate 3.4% YoY during Q3FY2017.

The global tyre market reached figures worth more than 2.9 Billion units in 2016, growing at a CAGR of around 4.5% during the last seven years. This market can be broken into two sectors – the OEM and the replacement market. The demand from the OEM tyre market is dependent upon the sales of new vehicles and is thus prone to a high degree of cyclicality. Demand in the replacement tyre market depends upon the usage patterns and the replacement cycles of existing tyres.

 

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