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Farming of Rabbit, Goat, Sheep, Poultry, Fish and Pig with Production of Feed (Rabbit Keeping, Wool Production, Health Care for Goats, Poultry Breeding, Poultry Brooding, Broiler Feeds, Sausage, Pork and Pork Products, Feeding of Pigs, Shrimp Feed Managem

Saturday, May 20, 2017

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Pig farming is the raising and breeding of domestic pigs. It is a branch of animal husbandry. Pigs are raised principally as food (e.g. pork, bacon, gammon) and sometimes for their skin.

Pigs are amenable to many different styles of farming. Intensive commercial units, commercial free range enterprises, extensive farming - being allowed to wander around a village, town or city, or tethered in a simple shelter or kept in a pen outside the owner’s house. Historically pigs were kept in small numbers and were closely associated with the residence of the owner, or in the same village or town. They were valued as a source of meat, fat and for the ability to turn inedible food into meat, and often fed household food waste if kept on a homestead. Pigs have been farmed to dispose of municipal garbage on a large scale.

Sheep farming is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep. It is a branch of animal husbandry. Sheep are raised principally for their meat (lamb and mutton), milk (sheep's milk), and fiber (wool). They also yield sheepskin and parchment.

Sheep can be raised in range of temperate climates, including arid zones. Farmers build fences, housing, shearing sheds and other facilities on their property, such as for water, feed, transport and pest control. Most farms are managed so sheep can graze pastures, sometimes under the control of a shepherd or sheep dog.

Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food. It is the principal form of aquaculture, while other methods may fall under mariculture. A facility that releases juvenile fish into the wild for recreational fishing or to supplement a species' natural numbers is generally referred to as a fish hatchery. Worldwide, the most important fish species used in fish farming are carp, tilapia, salmon, and catfish.

Rabbit farming is very profitable and enjoyable. You can raise rabbits for both making profit and as a pet. Rabbits are being reared in our country from a long time ago. And it is considered as one of the best animal for farming business. Weather and climate also very suitable for commercial rabbit farming in India. Here, I am describing shortly the advantages and step by step process of starting rabbit farming business in India.

Goat farming is the raising and breeding of domestic goats (Capra aegagrus hircus). It is a branch of animal husbandry. Goats are raised principally for their meat, milk, fibre and skin.

Goat farming can be very suited to production with other livestock such as sheep and cattle on low-quality grazing land. Goats efficiently convert sub-quality grazing matter that is less desirable for other livestock into quality lean meat. Furthermore, goats can be farmed with a relatively small area of pasture and limited resources.

Market Outlook

Livestock sector is an important livelihood activity for most of the farmers. Marginal, small and semi-medium farmers with average operational holdings of area less than 4 ha own about 87.7% of the livestock of this country. India has vast resource of livestock and poultry about 65.1 million sheep, 135.1 million goats and about 10.3 million pigs as per 19th Livestock census. This plays a vital role in improving the socio-economic conditions of rural masses.

Livestock and Poultry Production in India


Livestock Census 2007 (no in millions)

Livestock Census 2012 (no in millions)

Growth Rate


























The total livestock population consisting of Cattle, Buffalo, Sheep, Goat, and pig, Horses & Ponies, Mules, Donkeys, Camels, Mithun and Yak in the country is 512.05 million numbers in 2012. The total livestock population has decreased by about 3.33% over the previous census.

Livestock population has increased substantially in Gujarat (15.36%), Uttar Pradesh (14.01%), Assam (10.77%), and Punjab (9.57%) Bihar (8.56%); Sikkim (7.96%), Meghalaya (7.41%), and Chhattisgarh (4.34%).

Livestock population (2012 Livestock census)

Sl. No



(in millions)

Ranking in the world Population










Total (including Mithun and Yak)



























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