Production of Ethanol from Molasses, Sugar Cane Molasses based Ethanol Industry, Ethanol from Molasses Industry, Spent Wash Treatment, Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey

Thursday, February 23, 2017

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Production of Ethanol from Molasses, Sugar Cane Molasses based Ethanol Industry, Ethanol from Molasses Industry,  Spent Wash Treatment, Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Production Schedule, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Process Flow Sheet, Cost of Project, Projected Balance Sheets, Profitability Ratios, Break Even Analysis

Government working on new ethanol policy to boost production

In its bid to increase use of ethanol and other alternate fuel for transportation, government will come out with a new ethanol policy focusing on producing more ethanol within a month. Against the present annual demand of about 460 crore litres annually for different purposes, only 250 crore litres is available in the country. Government sources said that in order to meet the 10% blending of ethanol in petrol, at least 260 crore litre is required every year. Another 80 crore litre is required for using them in making chemicals and about 120 crore is needed for distilleries. "But the annual availability is only 250.

Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, colorless, mildly toxic chemical compound, and is best known as the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. Natural energy resources such as petroleum and coal have been consumed at high rates over the last decades. The heavy reliance of the modern economy on these fuels is bound to end, due to their environmental impact (and the corresponding pressure of society) and to the fact that they might eventually run out. Therefore, alternative resources such as ethanol are becoming more important. In common usage, it is often referred to simply as alcohol. Its molecular formula is variously represented as EtOH, CH3CH2OH and C2H5OH or as its empirical formula C2H6O (which it shares with dimethyl ether).Ethanol can be prepared by the fermentation of molasses. Molasses is the mother liquor left after the crystallization of sugarcane juice. It is a dark coloured viscous liquid.

On industrial scale, ethanol can be prepared by the fermentation of molasses. Molasses is the mother liquor left after the crystallization of sugarcane juice. It is a dark coloured viscous liquid. Molasses contains about 60% fermentable sugar.

Ethanol is a volatile, flammable, clear, colourless liquid. Ethanol is a good sovent. It is also used as a germicide, beverage, antifreeze, fuel, depressant and chemical intermediate. It can be made by the fermentation process of material that contains sugar or from the compound which can be converted to sugar.

The present average alcohol production from molasses in the country is around 2500 million liters per annum. However, wide variation in ethanol production is observed over the last few years, due to the fluctuation in sugarcane production. In India alcohol is largely produced in the form of either i) Rectified Spirit (RS) (95 to96 % v/v ethanol) which is mainly used for industrial applications in the form of Ordinary Denatured Spirit (ODS) or Special Denatured Spirit (SDS), ii) Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA) (96 % v/v ethanol) mainly used for manufacture of potable liquors and iii) Fuel Ethanol or Absolute Alcohol (AA) (99.8 % v/v) mainly used for blending with petrol.

Present consumption of ethanol in the potable, Chemical and other sectors (excluding for petrol blending) is about 1800 million liters per annum. Therefore, the net availability of ethanol for Fuel blending is about 700 million liters per annum. However, at the current levels of petroleum consumption, Ethanol requirement for5% blending is about 1100 million liters per annum and for 10% blending it is 2200 million liters per annum. It is learnt that Oil companies are able to provide about 440 million liters of ethanol as against the 1100 million liters target for the 5% mix.

Growth Drivers

The growth drivers for Fuel Ethanol for blending it with Petrol and diesel are as under:

·         Growth of Vehicle population in the country, especially in urban areas.

·         Price of petroleum crude in the international market and its effect on refinery end productprices in domestic market, particularly on prices of Petrol and Diesel to end consumers Vs Ethanol (Power Alcohol) prices in domestic market.

·         Pressure on state and central governments for making strict laws regarding vehicular emissions.

·         Governments’ policy and commitment to give a cleaner environment to coming generation and reduce CO2 emission level in urban areas to overcome greenhouse effect in these areas.

·         Demand of Ethanol by other consuming industries including as potable alcohol. Theavailability of alternate raw materials at cheaper rate for alcohol based chemical industries

With growing population, rising demand for automobiles, increasing disposable income, environment friendly nature, lower cost compared to the traditional fuel and several benefits offered by ethanol, the demand for global ethanol market is expected to show significant growth during the forecast period and especially in automobile industry.

Few Indian Major Players are as under:-

Amines & Plasticizers Ltd.

Ammana Bio Pharma Ltd.

Athani Farmers' Sugar Factory Ltd.

Baramati Agro Ltd.

Bhuvan Tripura Inds. Ltd.

Dhampur Sugar Mills Ltd.

Dwarikesh Sugar Inds. Ltd.

Empee Sugars & Chemicals Ltd.

Gangamai Industries & Constructions Ltd.

Godavari Biorefineries Ltd.

H P C L Biofuels Ltd.

Hico Products Ltd.

Jeypore Sugar Co. Ltd.

K M Sugar Mills Ltd.

Natural Sugar & Allied Inds. Ltd.

Parrys Sugar Industries Ltd.

Purti Power & Sugar Ltd.

RadicoKhaitan Ltd.

Shree Renuka Sugars Ltd.

Sri Sarvaraya Sugars Ltd.

X L Energy Ltd


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