Production of Iodized Table Salt. Manufacturing Opportunities in Iodised Salt.
Iodised salt (also spelled iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine. The ingestion of iodine prevents iodine deficiency. Worldwide, iodine deficiency affects about two billion people and is the leading preventable cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities. Deficiency also causes thyroid gland problems, including endemic goiter. In many countries, iodine deficiency is a major public health problem that can be cheaply addressed by purposely adding small amounts of iodine to the sodium chloride salt.
Iodine is a micronutrient and dietary mineral that is naturally present in the food supply in some regions, especially near sea coasts, but is generally quite rare in the Earth’s crust, since iodine is a so-called heavy element and abundance of chemical elements generally declines with greater atomic mass. Where natural levels of iodine in the soil are low and the iodine is not taken up by vegetables, iodine added to salt provides the small but essential amount of iodine needed by humans.
Salt is existent in all animal and vegetable life and is coeval with life itself. It is a basic element in food of any living being. Salt as a chemical is of significant importance. Salt was the name originally given to the residue left by evaporation of sea water. Afterwards the name was employed to include all substances held in solution in sea water. Chemists ultimately extended the name to cover all combinations of an acid and a base. Sodium chloride (NaCl) now called common salt, is an example of the simplest type of chemical salt. Sodium chloride is an essential constituent of the body fluids and is responsible for a number of vital functions in the body.
The global Iodized Salt market was million US$ in 2018 and is expected to million US$ by the end of 2025 growing at a CAGR of between 2019 and 2025. The market is dynamic and highly fragmented with the presence of numerous small and domestic players occupying major chunk of the global market share. The flavored salts market is influenced directly by the trends in the food industry, particularly the fast food and meat industries. Flavored salt is no different than regular table salt, except that it contains other herbs and spices to provide more complex flavors. The market is considered a recession-proof market as consumers can use flavored salts for home cooking as well.
The market growth is the limitation of downstream market. As large demand of healthy products at home and abroad, many companies began to enter the field. Currently, the Iodate Salt industry is not only begin to transit to Iodate Salt products, while still extend in the resource-rich land and downstream industry chain. Growing malnutrition concerns among children and adults along with increasing demand for nutritious diet will drive fortified salts market growth. Rising health risks due to low consumption of iron, and iodine will fuel production penetration.
Increasing occurrence of miscarriages, gestational hypertension and neurological disorders including cretinism among newborns will drive industry growth. Appropriate growth and movement of unborn child is among the key factor fueling demand among women. Globally, industry foresees high demand from iodine owing to its medicinal properties in treating various diseases.
Dental hygiene has become a key concern especially among children. 42% of the children aged between 2 to 11 years suffers from dental caries in their primary teeth and 21% in their permanent teeth. Benefits including healing ulcers in the gums, cleans plaque and whitens teeth will stimulate market demand.
Due to increasing shortage of iodine in developing countries, growing use of iodine in various applications like X-ray contract media, government initiatives to increase the use of iodine in human nutrition and increase the use of iodine in animal feed additives. Based on source the market has been segmented into Underground Brines, Recycling, Seaweeds and Caliche Ore. The Caliche Ore dominated the market since removal of iodine from caliche is economically possible. Europe & CIS region dominated the market for iodine due to increasing awareness concerning iodine deficiency and implementation of by global organizations such as WHO to make consumption of iodized salts. Furthermore, growing number of cancer patients in France, increasing expenditures by the government in healthcare sector in Germany are other factors leading to increasing consumption of iodine in X-ray contrast media. Such factors are responsible for the large market share of Europe & CIS region.
In food grade salt market China, United State and India are the countries which are leading manufacturers of food grade salt. China produces 22% of the world’s supply and United State produces 15% of the world’s supply. The global food grade salt has been continuously on an upward trend as the world population is continuously increasing. This is expected to grow the market demand for the food grade salt market. This trend is expected to continue as most of the world’s salt supply remain untouched. Africa is the region where the maximum population is undernourished. Iodine deficiency is high in Africa. This provides a great opportunity for the iodized food grade salt manufacturers as demand for the iodized salt is likely to increase to improve the health quotient of the population.
The food grade salt has the fundamental to consistency and texture of many dairy products such as bread and cheese. The increasing demand for the bakery products in North America and Europe is likely to boost the demand for food grade salt. Animal and pets are also required to keep them healthy. The right salt intake ensures their growth, strong immune system, and reproductive system. Hence they need to have enough salt intake from their supplements and diets. This necessity is boosting the demand for food grade salt in animal feed.
The changing lifestyle of the consumers in the regions like North America, Europe and South East Asia is demanding for the convenience food and they are more likely to prefer ready to eat food products. Most of these products use food grade salts as a preservative. This trend is expected to boost the market demand and market growth for the food grade salt in these regions. Food grade salt is also used as the flavor enhancer in many food products. This is rising the frequency for new product developments from the manufacturers. Many food grade salt manufacturers are innovating and introducing the new flavored food grade salts.
India is the third largest Salt producing Country in the World after China and USA with Global annual production being about 230 million tones. The growth and achievement of Salt Industry over the last 60 years has been spectacular. India follows closely behind the US by exporting $129,097,000 worth of salt every year and like the US is one of the top producers of salt in the world. Salt production in India is expected to increase over 35% to 40 million tonnes per year by 2020.
In India, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan contribute to about 96% of the Country’s salt production. Gujarat contributes 75% to the total production, followed by Tamil Nadu (11 %) and Rajasthan (10 %). About 62% of the total production is from large salt producers, 28% is contributed by small scale producers and rest by medium scale producers.
- Ankur Chemfood Ltd.
- G Das & Co. Pvt. Ltd.
- Hindustan Salts Ltd.
- Nirma Ltd.
- Rasoi Ltd.
- Saboo Sodium Chloro Ltd.
- Sahayamatha Salt Refinery Ltd.
- Sambhar Salts Ltd.
- Super Salts Pvt. Ltd.
- Tamil Nadu Salt Corpn. Ltd.
- Tata Chemicals Ltd.
- Tuticorin Salt & Marine Chemicals Ltd.
- Vaibhav Enterprises Ltd.
- Akzo Nobel
- North American Salt Company
- Morton Salt
- Compass Minerals International
- Dampier Salt
- Tata Chemicals Limited
- British Salt Company
- K+S Aktiengesellschaft
- McCormick & Company Inc.
- United Salt Corporation
- Saltworks Inc.
- Kutch Brine Chem Industries